Bible Dictionary: Sh.   1840

  1. SHAAL'BIM, [h] (that beholds the
    , or fox of the sea), a town of Ephraim,
    Judg. 1:35.
  2. SHAASH'GAZ, [h] (he that presses the
    , or he that shears the sheep), a cham-
    berlain of king Ahasuerus, Est. 2:14.
  3. SHA'DRACH, [h] (tender nipple, or soft
    and tender field
    ), the Chaldean name given
    Hananiah, a captive prince of eminent
    piety in Babylon, Dan. 1:7; 3:23.
  4. SHADE, defence or protection, Psal.
  5. SHADOW, the dark figure of a body
    intercepting the light as seen on the
    ground, as the shadow of trees, Judg. 9:
    15; Job 40:22: the darkness of evening,
    Isa. 16:3: a shady covering affording
    shelter, Gen. 19:8; Isa. 4:6: a tempo-
    rary representation, as the
    sacrifices of
    the law represented Christ
    , Heb. 9:5.
  6. SHADOWING, affording shadow, Ezek.
    31:3: overspreading, Heb. 9:5.
  7. SHADY, giving shade, Job 40:21, 22.
  8. SHAFT, the stem or upright supporter,
    Exod. 25:31: the stem of an arrow,
    Isa. 49:2.
  9. SHAKE, to move quickly, Neh. 5:13;
    Isa. 33:9: to tremble, Matt. 28:
    4: to convulse, Heb. 12:26.
  10. SHAKED, did shake, Psal. 109:25.
  11. SHAKEN, moved violently, Job 15:12:
    agitated, 2 Kings 14:15.
  12. SHAKING, a violent motion, Isa. 18:
    6: agitation, Ezek. 38:19.
  13. SHA'LIM, [h] (fox or path), a city of
    Samaria near the Jordan, 1 Sam. 9:4.
    See SALIM.
  14. SHAL'LUM, [h] (perfect or pacific), the
    son of Jabesh: he murdered Zechariah,
    king of Israel, and himself shared the
    same fate, after occupying the usurped
    throne only one month, 2 Kings 15:10-
  15. SHALLUM, the husband of the pro-
    phetess Huldah, 2 Kings 22:14.
  16. SHALLUM, the fourth son of Josiah,
    king of Judah, 1 Chron. 3:15: he was
    called also Jehoahaz, and made king on
    the death of his father, but carried cap-
    tive into Egypt, by Pharaoh Necho, 2
    Kings 23:30-34; Jer. 22:11.
  17. SHALLUM, a priest, son of Zadok, the
    high-priest, and father of Hilkiah, the
    high-priest: he is also called Meshullam,
    1 Chron. 6:12, 13; 9:11.
  18. SHALMANE'ZER, [h] (peace chained,
    or peace taken away), son and successor of
    Tiglath-pileser, king of Assyria.   He
    Samaria, and compelled Hoshea
    to pay him tribute, which he did for
    three years, and then forming an alli-
    ance with So, king of Egypt, Shalmaneser
    again vanquished him, captured the city
    of Samaria, destroyed the kingdom of
    Israel, and carried the people into Media
    and other parts of the East, about the
    year 721 B.C., 2 Kings 17:1, 4, 6; 18:9.
  19. SHAMBLES, butchers' stalls in the mar-
    ket, 1 Cor. 10:25.
  20. SHAME, confusion, arising from guilt
    and degradation, Exod. 32:25; Dan.
    12:2: personal dishonour, Phil. 3:19:
    what is shameful, Hos. 4:10: ignominy,
    1 Sam. 20:34; 2 Sam. 13:13: scorn,
    Psal. 4:2; Ezek. 36:6: unmerited
    reproach, Heb. 12:2.
  21. SHAME, to make ashamed, 1 Cor. 4:14;
  22. SHAMED, did shame or degrade, 2 Sam.
    19:5: did scorn, Psal. 14:6.
  23. SHAMEFACEDNESS, an agreeable mo-
    desty, 1 Tim. 2:9.
  24. SHAMEFUL, abominable, Jer. 11:13:
    filthy, Hab. 2:16.
  25. SHAMEFULLY, wickedly, Hos. 2:5:
    dishonourably, Mark 12:4; 1 Thess. 2:2.
  26. SHAMELESSLY, impudently, without
    shame, 2 Sam. 6:20.
  27. SHAM'GAR, [h] (named a stranger, or
    he is a stranger), the third of the
    judges of
    Israel, Judg. 3:31.
  28. SHAM'MAH, [h] (loss, desolation, or asto-
    ), a grandson of Esau, Gen. 36:
  29. SHAMMAH, a brother of David, 1 Sam.
    16:9; called also Shimeah, 2 Sam. 13:
    2, and Shimma, 1 Chron. 2:13.
  30. SHAMMAH, one of the three mighty
    captains of David, 2 Sam. 23:11.
  31. SHAMMAH, one of the thirty captains
    of David, 2 Sam. 23:5.
  32. SHAPE, form or external appearance,
    Luke 3:22; John 5:37.
  33. SHA'PHAN, [h] (a rabbit or wild rat, or
    their breaking), the secretary of the temple
    at Jerusalem under king Josiah, 2 Kings
    22:3, 8, 12.
  34. SHA'PHAT, [h] (that judges), one of the
    spies sent by Moses, of the tribe of
    Simeon, Num. 13:5.
  35. SHAPHAT, one of the royal house of
    David, 1 Chron. 3:22.
  36. SHAPHAT, one of the chief herdsmen
    of David, 1 Chron. 27:29.
  37. SHAPHAT, the father of Elisha, 1 Kings
  38. SHARE, the iron blade of a plough,
    1 Sam. 13:20.
  39. SHARE'ZER, [h] (prince of the trea-
    ), one of the sons of Sennacherib,
    king of Assyria, and, with his brother,
    murderer of his father, 2 Kings 19:37.
  40. SHA'RON, [h] (his plain, his field, or his
    ), a fertile and delightful district of
    Canaan, between Joppa and Cesarea, 1
    Chron. 27:29; Isa. 33:9.   See
  41. SHARON, a city and district east of
    Jordan, 1 Chron. 5:16.
  42. SHARP, fit to cut with, Josh. 5:2; Psal.
    52:2: with a piercing point, Psal. 45:5;
    Isa. 49:2: hurtful, Psal. 57:4: eager
    or severe, Acts 15:39.
  43. SHARPEN, to make sharp, 1 Sam. 13:
    20, 21; Prov. 27:17.
  44. SHARPENED, did sharpen, Ezek. 21:9.
  45. SHARPER, more adapted to cut or
    pierce, Mic. 7:4; Heb. 4:12.
  46. SHARPLY, fiercely, Judg. 8:1: se-
    verely, Tit. 1:13.
  47. SHARPNESS, severity, 2 Cor. 13:10.
  48. SHAVE, to pare, as the hair off the
    chin or head with a razor, Lev. 14:9:
    to inflict national calamities, Isa. 7:20.
    Shaving off half the beard, as was done
    to David's ambassadors, by the king of
    Ammon, was a most atrocious insult,
    2 Sam. 10:4
  49. SHA'VEH, [h] (the plain, or that makes
    ), a plain near to the brook Ce-
    dron, Gen. 14:17.   Absalom built a
    pillar, as his monument, on a part of this
    plain, near to Jerusalem, 2 Sam. 18:18.
  50. SHAVEN, shaved, Jer. 41:5; 1 Cor.
  51. SHEAF, a bundle of corn, Gen. 37:
    7; Lev. 23:10.   To take away the
    sheaf from the hungry, is to deprive the
    poor of the means of support, Job 24:
  52. SHEAL'TIEL, a prince of Judah, Ezra
    3:2; Hag. 1:1.   See SALATHIEL.
  53. SHEAR, to cut or clip, as the wool
    from sheep, Gen. 31:19; 1 Sam. 25:4.
  54. SHEARER, one who shears sheep, Gen.
    38:12; 2 Sam. 13:23.
  55. SHEARING, the act of cutting the wool
    from sheep, 1 Sam. 25:2.
  56. SHEARING-HOUSE, a shed to shelter
    the shearers at their work, 2 Kings 10:
  57. SHEAR-JA'SHUB, [h] (the remnant
    shall return
    ), a son of Isaiah, Isa. 7:3.
  58. SHEATH, the scabbard or case of a
    sword, 1 Sam. 17:51.   God, suspending
    His judgments, is represented as putting
    His sword into its sheath
    , Ezek. 21:3, 30.
  59. SHEAVES, bundles of corn, Gen. 37:
    7; Ruth 2:7: fruits of pious beneficence,
    Psal. 126:6.
  60. SHE'BA, [h] (captivity, conversion, repose,
    or old age), a descendant of
    Ham, Gen.
  61. SHEBA, a descendant of Shem, by
    Joktan: he is believed to have given his
    name to a district of Arabia, and from
    him his descendants are thought to have
    been called Sabeans, Job 1:15; Gen. 10:28.
  62. SHEBA, a grandson of Abraham, by
    Keturah, Gen. 25:1-3: he, rather than
    the son of Joktan, is supposed by some
    to have given his name to a province
    where he settled in Arabia.
  63. SHEBA, a province in the south-east of
    Arabia, situated between the Red sea
    and the Indian ocean.   This country
    abounded with the most valuable spices,
    the rarest gems, and the finest gold, 1
    Kings 10:10; Ezek. 27:22.
  64. SHEBA, THE QUEEN OF, a lady of an
    extraordinary understanding, who "came
    from the uttermost parts of the earth
    [or the land] to hear the wisdom of
      This celebrated "queen of
    the south"
    may well be supposed to
    have possessed some traditional know-
    ledge of the true religion; and, in the
    commercial intercourse of her people
    with the Hebrews, she was likely to have
    heard much of the wisdom and piety of
    Solomon.   Therefore she undertook
    the long journey, that she might be in-
    structed by so wise a man, manifestly
    favoured of God!   1 Kings 10:1; Matt.
    12:42; Luke 10:31.
  65. SHEBANI'AH, [h] (the Lord that converts,
    or that recals from captivity), a priest in
    the time of David, 1 Chron. 15:24.
  66. SHEBANIAH, a priest or Levite who
    returned from Babylon, Neh. 12:14.
  67. SHEB'NAH, [h] (who rests himself, or
    who is now captive), secretary to king
    Hezekiah, 2 Kings 18:18-26.   Sheb-
    nah's vain ambition was mortified by the
    threatening of the prophet Isaiah, Isa.
  68. SHE'CHEM, [h] (part, portion, or early
    in the morning
    ), a prince in Canaan, Gen.
    33:19; 34:2.
  69. SHECHEM, a chief of the tribe of
    Manasseh, Num. 26:31.
  70. SHECHEM, an ancient city of Canaan,
    near mount Ephraim, Josh. 24:1: it
    was destroyed by Abimelech, Judg. 9:
    1-45: rebuilt by Jeroboam, 1 Kings 12:
    25; and for a long period continued a
    city of importance, nearly forty miles
    north of Jerusalem.   In the New Testa-
    ment it is called Sychar, John 4:5, and
    Sychem, Acts 7:16.   The modern city,
    called Napolose, is delightfully situated
    in a valley surrounded by magnificent
    hills, and between the ancient Ebal and
    Gerizim: it is supposed to contain nearly
    10,000 inhabitants, mostly Mohamm_dans,
    but a few Greek Christians.
  71. SHED, to pour out or spill, as blood in
    the case of murder, Gen. 9:6; as the
    bowels in the assassination of Amasa,
    2 Sam. 20:10; as
    Christ gave His blood
    in sacrifice, a ransom for our souls
    , Matt.
    26:28: to diffuse, as God imparted the
    gracious influences of His Holy Spirit to
    endow His apostles
    , Acts 2:33; and as
    He still imparts that influence to regene-
    rate and bless the souls of His people
    Tit. 3:6; Rom. 5:5.
  72. SHEDDER, one who sheds, a murderer,
    Ezek. 18:10.
  73. SHEDDING, the act of taking away life,
    Heb. 2:22.
  74. SHEEP, a well-known animal, famed
    for its gentleness, and as being the em-
    blem of innocence: its flesh and wool
    have rendered it invaluable for food and
    clothing, Gen. 4:2; Exod. 12:5; Deut.
    7:13.   Large flocks of sheep consti-
    tuted much of the wealth of ancient
    kings and patriarchs, 2 Chron. 30:24;
    Job 1:3; 42:22.   Sheep of two species
    are common in Syria, one resembling
    ours, the other having an extraordinary
    tail, one-fourth of the whole weight of
    the animal; its substance is a peculiarly
    rich fat, used instead of butter.   This
    part is the "rump" that was to be burnt
    in the sacrifices, Lev. 3:9.
  75. SHEEP, the worshippers of God, Psal.
    79:13; 95:7: the flock of Christ,
    Zech. 13:7; John 10:7, 11, 18.
  76. SHEEPCOTE, a small enclosure for the
    protection of sheep while pasturing, by
    night, on a plain or mountain, 1 Sam.
    24:3; 2 Sam. 7:8.
  77. SHEEPFOLD, a large sheepcote or en-
    closure for sheep, John 10:1; Num. 32:
  78. SHEET, the linen of a bed, a large
    square of linen cloth, Acts 10:11; Judg.
  79. SHEKEL, a Hebrew weight of nearly
    half an ounce, and this being the most
    ancient standard, money was weighed
    by it before the practice of coining, Gen.
    23:15, 16; 24:22; Ezek. 4:10.
    There seems to have been some differ-
    ence between the shekel of the sanc-
    tuary and the king's weight, Exod. 30:
    13; 2 Sam. 14:26; but what it was is
    not known: some have supposed the
    royal shekel was only half that of the
    sanctuary; but this wants proof.   Shekels
    were first coined as money under Simon
    Maccabeus, about the year B.C. 138.   See
  80. SHE'LAH, [h] (that breaks or undresses),
    a son of Judah and head of a family,
    Gen. 38:5-11; Num. 26:20.
  81. SHEL'OMI, [h] (peaceable), a chief of
    the tribe of Asher, whose son Ahihud
    was one of the commissioners for dividing
    Canaan, Num. 34:27.
  82. SHEL'OMITH, [h] (me peace, my happi-
    ), or my recompense), a woman of the
    tribe of Dan, whose son was stoned for
    blaspheming, Lev. 24:10, 11.
  83. SHELOMITH, a daughter of prince Ze-
    rubbabel, 1 Chron. 3:19.
  84. SHELTER, a defence or protection,
    Psal. 61:3: a habitation, Job 24:8.
  85. SHEM, [h] (name, renown, or he that
    ), a son of
    Noah: he was preserved
    with his father in the ark, and special
    blessings were pronounced upon his pos-
    terity, including Divine ordinances, until
    the advent of Messiah, Gen. 5:32; 9:
    26, 27.   His descendants peopled the
    best province of Asia, 10:21-31; 11:10-
  86. SHEMAI'AH, [h] (that hears or obeys
    the Lord
    ), a prophet who admonished and
    reproved king Rehoboam, and wrote the
    annals of his reign, 2 Chron. 11:2; 12:
  87. SHEMAIAH, a Levite sent by king
    Jehoshaphat to instruct the people of
    Judah, 2 Chron. 17:8.
  88. SHEMAIAH, a Levite in the time of
    king Hezekiah, 2 Chron. 29:4.
  89. SHEMAIAH, a prince of the Levites in
    the time of king Josiah, 2 Chron. 35:
  90. SHEMAIAH, a false prophet who lived
    at Babylon, Jer. 29:24-32.
  91. SHEMAIAH, a prince of Judah, Jer.
  92. SHEMAIAH, a false prophet in the time
    of Nehemiah, Neh. 6:10.   Several others
    of this name are recorded.
  93. SHEM'EBER, [h] (name of force, or
    of the strong), the king of Zeboim, Gen.
  94. SHEM'INITH, a musical instrument of
    eight strings, Psal. 6. 12. title.
  95. SHENA'ZAR, [h] (treasure of the tooth
    or of ivory), a son of Jeconiah king of
    Judah, 1 Chron 3:18.
  96. SHE'NIR, [h] (light that sleeps, or renew-
    ing of the lamp
    ), mount Hermon, or a part
    of it, Deut. 3:9; Sol. Song 4:8.
  97. SHEPHATI'AH, [h] (the judgment of the
    ).   Several are mentioned under this
    name, as a son of David, 2 Sam. 3:4.
  98. SHEPHATIAH, a mighty man who joined
    David at Ziklag, 1 Chron. 12:5.
  99. SHEPHATIAH, a chief of the tribe of
    Simeon in the time of David, 1 Chron.
  100. SHEPHATIAH, a son of king Jehosha-
    phat, 2 Chron. 21:2.
  101. SHEPHATIAH, a man of rank in the
    time of Jeremiah, Jer. 38:1.
  102. SHEPHERD, a keeper of sheep, Gen.
    46:34; Luke 2:8-28: a defender or
    protector, as Cyrus, Isa. 44:28; Ezra 1:
    1-4: especially as
    God, Psal. 23:1:
    the minister or bishop of a congregation,
    Ezek. 34:8: our Lord Jesus Christ,
    as the keeper of the whole flock of the
    pious, the bishop of the [local] church
    Zech. 13:7; John 10:11; Heb. 13:20;
    1 Pet. 5:4.
  103. SHERD, a fragment of broken earthen-
    ware, Isa. 30:14; Ezek. 23:34.
  104. SHERIFF, a chief executor of the laws
    in a country or district, Dan. 3:2, 3.
  105. SHE'SHACH, [h] (bag of linen), a title
    of Babylon, supposed to have been given
    on account of one of its idols, Jer. 25:
    26; 51:41.
  106. SHE'SHAI, [h] (the sixth, flax, or joy), one
    of the sons of the giant Anak, driven from
    Hebron by Caleb, Josh. 15:14.
  107. SHESHBAZ'ZAR, [h] (joy in tribula-
    ), the prince of Judah, who led the
    Jews from Babylon, under the decree of
    Cyrus: he is believed to have been the
    same as Zerubbabel, one being his Jew-
    ish and the other his Chaldean names
    Ezra 1:8; 2:2; 3:8, 9; 5:2, 14, 16;
    Zech. 4:8, 9.
  108. SHE'THAR, [h] (that rots), a principal
    officer in the court of Ahasuerus, Est. 1:
  109. SHE'THAR-BOZ'NAI, [h] (that causes
    to rot
    ), an officer of the king of Persia
    beyond the Euphrates who was unfriendly
    to the Jews, Ezra 5:6.
  110. SHE'VA, [h] (vanity, elevation, fame, or
    tumult), a secretary to king David, 2 Sam.
  111. SHEW, appearance, Isa. 3:9: an exhi-
    bition, Luke 20:47; Gen. 6:12; Col. 2:
  112. SHEW, to exhibit or manifest, Exod.
    9:16: to declare or explain, Est. 2:10;
    Job 10:2: to reveal, Dan. 2:4; Rev. 1:1:
    to exercise mercy and grace, 1 Tim. 1:16.
  113. SHEWED, did show or exhibit, Num.
    13:26; Est. 1:4: did manifest, John
    21:1: did declare, Matt. 28:11.
  114. SHEW-BREAD (Heb. bread of faces): this
    consisted of twelve loaves or cakes,
    placed upon the golden table every Sab-
    bath, in the most holy place, Exod. 25:
    30; Lev. 24:5-7: these cakes, accord-
    ing to the number of the tribes of
    seem to have been presented before the
    Lord, as a memorial, in acknowledgment
    of His providential bounty towards His
    people, and of their perpetual depend-
    ence on His paternal blessing.   This
    consecrated bread was to be eaten only
    by the priests, 1 Sam. 21:4, 5; Matt.
  115. SHEWING, manifestation, Luke 1:80.
  116. SHEWING, exhibiting, Acts 9:39:
    exercising, Exod. 20:6; Dan. 4:27:
    proving, Acts 18:28.
  117. SHIB-BOLETH, [h] (a stream); it was
    Sibboleth in the corrupt dialect of the
    Ephraimites, by the pronouncing of which
    they were discovered at the passage of
    the Jordan, and many slain in the bar-
    barous war, Judg. 12:6.
  118. SHIELD, a large buckler, a piece of
    armour for the defence of the breast,
    1 Kings 10:17; 14:27.  
    God, as pro-
    tector of His people, is often called their
    , Gen. 15:1; Psal. 84:11.
    Powerful men are "shields of the earth"
    under Divine providence, Psal. 47:9.
    Faith is the shield of a Christian, as the
    means of his preservation, Eph. 6:[16].
  119. SHIGGAION (a song of trouble or of com-
    ), the name of a musical instrument
    or tune, Psal. 7. title.
  120. SHIGIONOTH, the name of a musical
    instrument, as the word signifies "accord-
    ing to variable tunes,"
    Hab. 3:1.
  121. SHILO'AH, [h] (sent), Isa. 8:6.   See
  122. SHI'LOH, [h] (happy, peaceful, or a
    ), a title of
    Messiah, as His advent
    was predicted by Jacob as certain before
    the dissolution of the tribe of Judah
    Gen. 49:10.   This text may be thus
    rendered--"The power of government
    shall not depart from Judah, nor an
    administrator of the laws from among
    his descendants, until the Peaceful come,
    and to him shall be the gathering and
    obedience of the Gentiles."
      That the
    Messiah was intended by the inspiring
    in Jacob, is evident from the lite-
    ral fulfilment of the prophecy.   For the
    sceptre, or tribal government, did not
    depart from Judah until the time of
    Christ.   And within forty years after
    His ascension Jerusalem was destroyed,
    both the civil and ecclesiastical govern-
    ment of Judah were subverted, the Jews
    scattered, and "the people[,]" or Gentiles,
    were gathered to Christ, by embracing
    His gospel.
  123. SHILOH, a famous city of Ephraim,
    about twenty-five miles north of Jeru-
    salem: Joshua assembled the Israelites
    here, and fixed the tabernacle of the
    covenant, which continued in this city
    for nearly 350 years, Josh. 18:1; 19:
    51.   Here Samuel began his ministry, as
    it was the principal residence of the
    high-priest and of the prophets, Judg.
    18:31; 1 Sam. 1:3-24; 1 Kings 14:2.
  124. SHIM'EAH, [h] (that hears or that obeys),
    a chief of the family of Benjamin, 1 Chron.
  125. SHIMEAH, a brother of David, called
    also Shammah, 1 Sam. 16:9; 2 Sam. 13:
    3; 21:21.
  126. SHIM'EI, [h] (that hears or that obeys),
    a noble captain of David's: he did not
    join Adonijah, and was made a deputy
    by Solomon, 1 Kings 1:8; 4:18.
  127. SHIMEI, a kinsman of king Saul, a
    malignant enemy of David: his insults
    and imprecations were pardoned, but on
    violating his parole he was put to death
    by Solomon, 2 Sam. 16:5-13; 19:16;
    1 Kings 2:8, 9, 36, 46.
  128. SHIM'SHAI, [h], a secretary in the
    service of the king of Persia, an enemy
    of the Jews, Ezra 4:8.
  129. SHI'NAR, [h] (the watching of him that
    ), an extensive plain between the
    rivers Euphrates and Tigris, and which
    became famous for the tower and city
    Babel, Gen. 10:10; 11:2; Dan. 1:2.
    The ancient bounds of Shinar are un-
    known, but the territory is now within
    the pashalic of Bagdad.
  130. SHINE, to appear bright, as by the
    light of the sun, Job 3:4; the stars,
    Dan. 12:3; or fire, Job 18:5: to reflect
    holiness, Matt. 5:16: to appear in im-
    mortal glory, 13:43.   God shines when
    He manifests His favour
    , Psal. 31:16,
    or enlightens the mind with His saving
    , 2 Cor. 4:4-6.
  131. SHINED, did shine, Job 31:26; Acts
    9:3: did enlighten the mind with divine
    knowledge, 2 Cor. 4:6.
  132. SHINING, light, Isa. 4:5: bright, Hab.
  133. SHIP, a large vessel for sailing on the
    sea, Jon. 1:3-5; 1 Kings 9:26; Isa. 60:
    9-56: a large boat, Matt. 4:21.
  134. SHIPMASTER, the commander or cap-
    tain of a ship's company, Jon. 1:6; Rev.
  135. SHIPMEN, the sailors or labourers in a
    ship, 1 Kings 9:27; Acts 27:30.
  136. SHIPPING, passage in a ship, John 6:
  137. SHIPH'RAH, [h] (handsome, or trumpet,
    or that does good), one of the Hebrew
    midwives who preserved the children
    of the Israelites in Egypt, Exod. 1:15.
  138. SHIPWRECK, destruction of a ship at
    sea, 2 Cor. 11:25.   To "make shipwreck
    of faith and of a good conscience,"
    is to
    become an
    apostate from Christianity, 1 Tim. 1:[19].
  139. SHI'SHAK, [h] (present of the bag, of the
    , or of the thigh), a powerful king of
    Egypt, supposed to have been the brother
    of Solomon's queen, 1 Kings 3:1; 7:8,
    and the famous conqueror Sesostris.
    He invaded Judea in the fifth year of
    Rehoboam, took Jerusalem, and carried
    away the golden shields and other royal
    treasures of Solomon.   God permitted
    this invasion, and the pillage of the
    glorious temple, as a judgment upon the
    king and nation for their
    idolatrous for-
    saking the worship of the Lord, 1 Kings
    14:2-27; 2 Chron. 12:1-9.
  140. SHIT'TAH, the black acacia-tree, about
    the size of the mulberry-tree, common in
    Upper Egypt, around mount Sinai, and
    other parts of Arabia, Isa. 41:19.
  141. SHIT'TIM, [h] (that turns away, or
    scourges, or thorns), a plain or valley on
    the east of Jordan, Num. 25:1; Josh.
    2:1; Joel 3:18.
  142. SHITTIM-WOOD, the wood of the
    Shittah-tree: it is hard, tough, smooth,
    without knots, extremely beautiful, and
    almost incorruptible, Exod. 25:5-10;
  143. SHIVERS, fragments of anything broken,
    Rev. 2:27.
  144. SHO'BAB, [h] (returned), a son of David,
    2 Sam. 5:14.
  145. SHO'BACH, [h] (your bonds, chains, or
    nets), a general of the Syrians, 2 Sam. 10:
  146. SHOCK, a bundle of reaped corn, Job 5:
  147. SHOD, furnished with shoes, 2 Chron.
  148. SHOD, covered on the feet for travel-
    ling, Mark 6:9; or for ornament, Ezek.
    16:10.   "Shod with the preparation of
    the gospel,"
    is to have the mind well
    furnished with divine doctrine, for walk-
    ing in the ways of God, Eph. 6:15.
  149. SHOE, the covering of the foot, Exod.
    12:11; Josh. 5:15.   "Shoes being iron
    and brass,"
    denotes divine strength im-
    parted for encountering the difficulties
    in our course of duty, Exod. 33:25.
  150. SHONE, did shine, Exod. 34:30;
    Acts 22:6.
  151. SHOOK, did shake, 2 Sam. 6:6; Heb.
  152. SHOOT, to discharge as an arrow from
    a bow, 1 Sam. 20:36: to dart forth, as the
    bolt of a door, Exod. 36:33: to pro-
    duce branches, Job 8:16; Luke 21:30.
  153. SHOOTERS, archers, warriors with bows
    and arrows, 2 Sam. 11:24.
  154. SHOOTING, discharging arrows, 1 Chron.
    12:2: germinating, Amos 7:1.
  155. SHORE, the land near the sea, Matt.
    13:2-48; Acts 21:5.
  156. SHORN, shaven, Acts 18:18; 1 Cor.
  157. SHORT, not long, as in time, 1 Cor. 7:
    29: deficient or wanting, Rom. 3:23:
    impotent or inefficient, Num. 11:23.
  158. SHORTENED, reduced, Psal. 102:23:
    weakened, Isa. 50:2.
  159. SHORTER, more limited in length, Isa.
  160. SHORTLY, soon, in a little time, Jer.
    27:16; Acts 25:4.
  161. SHOT, a bow-shot, the distance which
    an arrow might be discharged from a
    bow, Gen. 21:16.
  162. SHOT, discharged from a bow, 2 Sam.
    11:24: put forth as the branches of a
    tree, Ezek. 17:6; 31:5.
  163. SHOULDER, the part of the body fit to
    bear a burden, Gen. 21:14.   The shoulder
    of a sheep is the fore-quarter of the beast,
    Num. 6:19.   To "bow the shoulder,"
    is to submit to servitude, Gen. 49:15.
    Taking "the burden off the shoulder,"
    is delivering from servitude, Isa. 10:27.
    The "key laid upon the shoulder," de-
    notes authority for government, Isa. 22:
  164. SHOULDER-BLADE, the chief bone in
    the back part of the shoulder, Job 31:
  165. SHOUT, a loud and triumphant cry,
    Num. 23:21; Acts 12:22.
  166. SHOUT, to cry in triumph or exulta-
    tion, Exod. 32:18; Josh. 6:5.
  167. SHOUTED, did shout, Exod. 32:17;
    Ezra 3:11, 12.
  168. SHOUTING, the exulting cry of a mul-
    titude, 2 Sam. 6:15; Zech. 4:7.
  169. SHOVEL, an instrument with a long
    handle and a broad blade or pan, to
    gather up corn, Isa. 30:24; or ashes,
    Exod. 27:3.
  170. SHOWER, a fall of rain, Ezek. 34:
    26; Zech. 10:1.
  171. SHRANK, did shrink or contract so as
    to produce lameness, Gen. 32:32.
  172. SHRED, to cut or tear into fragments,
    2 Kings 4:39.
  173. SHRINES, images, cases for images, or
    miniature temples, Acts 19:24.
  174. SHROUD, a shelter or cover, Ezek.
  175. SHRUBS, small bushy trees, Gen. 21:
  176. SHU'AH, [h] (a pit, or that swims, or that
    ), a son of Abraham by Keturah,
    Gen 25:2.
  177. SHUAH, the wife of Judah, Gen.
  178. SHUN, to avoid, 2 Tim. 2:16.
  179. SHU'NEM, [h] (their change, their repeat-
    , or their sleep), a city of Issachar near
    mount Tabor, Josh. 19:18; 2 Kings
  180. SHUNAMITE, a native of Shunem, 1
    Kings 1:3; 2 Kings 4:12.
  181. SHUR, [h] (wall, ox, or that beholds), a
    city of Arabia, on the north-east of the
    Red sea: hence the name of the "wil-
    derness of Shur,"
    between Egypt and
    Canaan, Gen. 16:7; Exod. 15:22; 1 Sam.
    15:7; 27:8.
  182. SHU'SHAN, [h] (lily, rose, or joyful), the
    royal city of
    Persia for the winter resi-
    dence of its kings, Dan. 8:2; Est. 3:
  183. SHUSHAN, a musical instrument of six
    strings, Psal. 60. title.
  184. SHUT, to close, as gates, Neh. 13:19;
    as with a door, Gen. 7:16: to enclose,
    Exod. 14:3.
  185. SHUTTLE, an instrument used in weav-
    ing, Job 7:6.
  186. SIB'BECHAI, [h] (motion, help, or assist-
    ), a mighty man in the army of David,
    2 Sam. 21:18.
  187. SIB'MAH, [h], or SHIBMAH (conversion,
    captivity, age, or rust), a city east of Jor-
    dan, near Heshbon, and famous for its
    wines, Num. 32:38; Josh. 13:19;
    Isa. 16:8, 9.
  188. SICK, afflicted with disease, Gen. 48:
    1; Matt. 8:14-16.   "The heart is sick"
    when it experiences a grievous disap-
    pointment, Prov. 13:12.   "The nation
    is sick"
    when injustice and crimes pre-
    vail, Isa. 1:5.
  189. SICKLE, a reaping-hook to cut corn,
    Deut. 16:9; Mark 4:29.
  190. SICKLY, unhealthy, 1 Cor. 11:30.
  191. SICKNESS, disease, Exod. 23:25:
    national disorder, Hos. 5:13.
  192. SID'DIM, [h] (nourishers), an extensive
    valley in which the river Jordan flowed,
    as some believe, into the Red sea, and in
    which were situated the cities of
    and Gomorrah, Admah and Zeboim, Gen.
  193. SIDE, the part of the body fortified by
    the ribs, John 19:34; 20:20, 27: the out
    part, Gen. 6:16: the margin or border,
    Exod. 2:2: the extreme part, Deut. 4:
    32: personal interest, Psal. 118:6.
    "This side Jordan" means the eastern
    side, as Moses wrote in Arabia, Num.
    32:19.   "This side the river" means
    west of the Euphrates, as Ezra and Ne-
    hemiah wrote in Judea, Ezra 5:3; Neh.
  194. SIDON, [h], or ZIDON, as it is more
    correctly called (hunting, fishing, or venison),
    the eldest son of Canaan, the grandson
    of Noah, Gen. 10:15.
  195. SIDON, a famous commercial city, the
    capital of the Phenicians, built soon after
    the deluge, by Sidon, the son of Canaan,
    Gen. 10:15, 19; 49:13.   On account of
    its importance, on the Mediterranean, it
    was called Great Sidon, Josh. 11:8, and
    was celebrated for its populousness,
    wealth, and idolatries, Isa. 23:2, 12;
    Acts 12:20.   This city lay at the extreme
    north-west of Canaan, within the bounds
    of the tribe of Asher, Josh. 19:28, but
    the natives were never expelled, Judg. 1:
    31; they even oppressed Israel, and ex-
    ported many of their children as slaves,
    when the nation had been corrupted by
    idolatry, 10:6, 12; 1 Kings 11:1, 33; Joel
    3:38.   Sidon also led to the founding of
    Tyre, Isa. 23:12, about twenty-five
    miles south, and these two cities are
    commonly coupled together, Jer. 47:4;
    Matt. 11:21.   Sidon is still a considerable
    trading town, though its harbour has been
    filled up; its population is estimated at
    about 15,000, of whom 2000 are nominal
    Christians: it is now called Saide.
  196. SIDONIANS, [h] or ZIDONIANS, the
    citizens of Sidon, Deut. 3:9; 1 Kings 11:
    1, 33.
  197. SIEGE, the act of surrounding a forti-
    fied place with an army, to compel the
    inhabitants to surrender, Deut. 28:53,
    55; Jer. 19:9.
  198. SIEVE, an instrument for separating
    the chaff from the wheat, Amos 9:9.
  199. SIFT, to separate by a sieve, Isa. 30:
    28; Luke 22:31.   God sifts His people
    by various changes and trials for their
    spiritual welfare
    , Amos 9:9.
  200. SIGH, a silent groan, Lam. 1:4, 21.   To
    sigh with the breaking of loins is to be in
    extreme grief, Ezek. 21:6.
  201. SIGHED, did sigh, Exod. 2:23; Matt.
  202. SIGHING, inward groaning, Job 3:24;
    Isa. 35:10.
  203. SIGHT, the sense of seeing, Matt. 11:5:
    the appearance, Exod. 3:3; 24:17:
    open view, Ezek. 12:3: estimation, Num.
  204. SIGHT OF GOD, his presence, 1 Tim.
    6:13: his manifest account, or judgment,
    Prov. 3:4; Acts 4:19.
  205. SIGN, a visible indication, Gen. 1:14:
    a token, Judg. 6:17: a mark, Rom. 4:
    11: a symbol, Acts 28:11: a pro-
    phetic similitude, Ezek. 4:3: a miracle,
    Exod. 4:9, 28: a memorial, 31:13.
  206. SIGN, to mark, as a public warrant
    with a writing or seal, Dan. 6:8.
  207. SIGNED, did sign, as a writing, Dan. 6:
  208. SIGNET, a seal, Jer. 22:24.   Signets
    of the ancients were seals in rings, having
    stones engraven with some devices, and
    they were worn upon the fingers or arms,
    Gen. 38:18; Exod. 28:11; Dan.
    6:17.   See SEAL.
  209. SIGNIFICATION, meaning or design,
    1 Cor. 14:10.
  210. SIGNIFIED, foretold, Acts 11:28: com-
    municated, Rev. 1:1.
  211. SIGNIFY, to indicate, 1 Pet. 1:11: to
    inform, Acts 23:15: to declare, 25:27.
  212. SIGNIFYING, indicating, John 12:33[;]
    Heb. 9:8.
  213. SI'HON, [h], (rooting out or conclusion),
    a king of the Amorites slain by the
    Israelites under Moses, Num. 21:23[;]
    Deut. 1:4.
  214. SI'HOR, [h] (black, trouble, or early in
    the morning
    ), the brook Besor, 1 Sam. 30:
    9, a small river falling into the Mediter-
    ranean on the extreme south of Canaan,
    and forming the boundary of it towards
    Egypt, Josh. 13:3.
  215. SIHOR, the celebrated river of Egypt,
    the Nile, Jer. 2:18.
  216. SI'LAS, Σιλας (three or third), the same
    as Silvanus, Acts 15:22, 40; 16:25, 29.
  217. SILENCE, stillness, Job 4:16: con-
    fusion, Jer. 8:14; Matt. 22:34: death,
    Psal. 115:17.
  218. SILENT, still, Jer. 8:14: restrained,
    1 Sam. 2:9; Psal. 30:12.
  219. SILK, the sacred writers meant fine
    cotton or linen, Prov. 31:22; Ezek. 16:
    10-13; Rev. 18:12 [serikos]: [O.T. refs.
    perhaps] not that elegant
    and beautiful cloth, woven from the
    material spun by a large species of worm,
    and so common to us.   Silk was first
    brought from Oriental Asia into Greece,
    by Alexander the Great; and its pro-
    duction to Constantinople, about A. D. 560,
    by order of the emperor Justinian: hence
    its production in Europe.
  220. SILO'AH, Neh. 3:15, or SHILOAH, Isa.
    8:6.   See SHILOAH and SILOAM.
  221. SI'LOAM, [g] (sent), a fountain under
    the eastern wall of Jerusalem, between
    the city and the brook Kidron, John 9:
    7-11.   Siloam is thought to have been
    the water-course of Gihon, 2 Chron. 32:
  222. SILVA'NUS, Σιλουανος (who loves the forest),
    a chief
    preacher among the apostles, and
    he became a faithful companion of Paul
    in his apostolic labours, 2 Cor. 1:19; 1
    Thess. 1:1; 1 Pet. 5:12.
  223. SILVER, a white and shining metal,
    next in value to
    gold on account of its
    purity and ductility, Num. 7:13, 85;
    Ezra 7:22; 8:26.
  224. SILVERLING, a shekel, the standard
    silver coin of the Hebrews, Isa. 7:23.
    See SHEKEL.
  225. SILVERSMITH, a worker in silver, a
    maker of silver articles, Acts 19:24.
  226. SIMILITUDE, a resemblance as to the
    form, Psal. 106:20: a likeness in spiritual
    nature, Jam. 3:9: a likeness of moral
    character, Rom. 5:14.
  227. SIM'EON, [h] (that hears or obeys), a son
    Jacob, by Leah, Gen. 29:33: he
    appears to have been a man of a bold,
    severe, and implacable temper, 34:
    25, 30: and he is thought to have been
    the most inhuman towards his brother
    Joseph, 37:20, 26; 42:23; 43:23.
  228. SIMEON (the tribe of): this tribe, on
    leaving Egypt, included 59,300 men capa-
    ble of bearing arms, Num. 2:23: but it
    seems that they had declined, through
    their signal guilt, especially in the matter
    of Peor, after the example of their
    Zimri, 25:1-14; so that toward
    the end of their sojourning in the desert,
    they numbered only 22,200, 26:14.
    They were located in part of the inherit-
    ance of Judah, Josh. 19:1-9; but many
    of them were dispersed as teachers or
    scribes among the people, and they never
    made a great figure in Israel.
  229. SIMEON, Συμεων, an aged man of emi-
    nent piety at Jerusalem at the time of
    the Saviour's birth: he being directed by
    the Holy Spirit, came to his presentation
    in the temple, where he was inspired to
    bear testimony to the Messiahship of
    Jesus, Luke 2:25, 35.   Simeon is be-
    lieved to have been the son of the famous
    Jewish doctor Hillel, and teacher of the
    celebrated doctor Gamaliel, the preceptor
    of the apostle Paul, Acts 5:34; 22:3.
  230. SIMEON, a son of Levi in the genealogy
    of Christ, Luke 3:30.
  231. SIMEON (Niger), one of the Christian
    prophets in the church of Antioch, Acts
    13:1.   See NIGER.
  232. SI'MON, Σιμων (that hears or obeys), called
    the brother of our Lord, as being the son
    of his mother's sister, [Mark] 6:3.   See
  233. SIMON PETER, Matt. 4:18.   See
  234. SIMON ZELOTES, one of the twelve
    apostles, Luke 6:15, called the Canaanite,
    as he is supposed to have been a native
    of Cana in Galilee: but we have no re-
    cord of his particular history.
  235. SIMON, the father of Judas Iscariot;
    nothing is recorded of him, except his
    name in connexion with that of his
    guilty son, John 6:71; 12:4.
  236. SIMON, the Pharisee: this haughty pro-
    fessor entertained our Lord at dinner;
    but from what is recorded, he does not
    appear to have embraced the doctrine of
    Christ, Luke 7:36, 50.
  237. SIMON, the Leper: this person appears
    to have been cured of
    leprosy by our
    Saviour, and to have been a grateful
    disciple of Christ, Matt. 26:6-13; John
  238. SIMON, the Cyrenian: this native of
    Cyrene, passing on the road, was com-
    pelled to carry the
    cross of Christ to-
    ward Calvary: but nothing further is re-
    corded of him, except that he was father
    of Alexander and Rufus, Matt. 27:
  239. SIMON, the Sorcerer, a vile impostor
    at Samaria, where he had long imposed
    upon the people by pretending to
    : he loved the wages of unright-
    eousness, seeking, for the sake of gain,
    to possess the power of conferring the
    Holy Spirit, Acts 8:9, 24.
  240. SIMON, the Tanner, the host of the
    Peter, at Joppa, Acts 10:5, 17.
  241. SIMPLE, sincerely harmless, Psal. 116:
    6; Rom. 16:19: inexperienced, Psal.
    19:7; Prov. 1:4: weakly credulous, 7:
    7: rashly inconsiderate, 22:3.
  242. SIMPLICITY, innocency, 2 Cor. 1:12;
    11:3: benevolent liberality, Rom. 12:8:
    ignorant credulity, 2 Sam. 15:11.
  243. SIN, [h] (bush), a desert or wilderness
    so named, perhaps from a city in Arabia
    Petrea, on the eastern side of the western
    gulf of the Red sea, Exod. 16:1; 17:1.
  244. SIN, a strong city of Egypt, the ancient
    Pelusium, on the eastern boundary toward
    Palestine: it has been succeeded by the
    modern Damietta, Ezek. 30:15, 16.
  245. SIN, the transgression of, or want of
    conformity to, the
    law of God, 1 John 3:
    4; 5:17.   Sin is denoted by various words
    in the Scriptures: as transgression, it
    being a violation
    of the law of God, Josh.
    22:22; iniquity, as injustice against
    the law of God, Num. 14:19: wicked-
    , as a daring opposition
    to the law of
    God, Gen. 6:5: ungodliness, as neglect
    of and dislike to the service
    of God, Rom.
  246. SIN, in our world, originated in our
    first parents, complying with the tempta-
    tion of the
    devil, a fallen spirit, to disobey
    the holy law of God
    , Gen. 3.   Adam's
    transgression rendered all his posterity
    guilty before God, and our nature cor-
    ; and this depraved state in which
    all mankind have been born children of
    , Eph. 2:3, constitutes what is
    called original sin, the source of all
    actual transgressions, and the cause of
    misery and death
    : Rom. 5:12-17.   Hence
    the necessity of our having a Person of
    infinite excellency and worth for a Medi-
    ator, who could atone for and put away
    sin, and thereby reconcile us to God
    and hence the offices of Jesus Christ as
    our surety, who of God is made unto us
    wisdom, and righteousness, and sanctifi-
    cation, and redemption
    , 1 Cor. 1:30; Heb.
  247. SIN, unto death, that of persons whose
    guilt is so aggravated as never to be
    , 1 John 5:16: this has been con-
    sidered as especially intending the un-
    pardonable blasphemy against the Holy
    , Matt. 12:24,32.   See BLASPHEMY.
  248. SIN, that dwelleth in me, internal cor-
    , over the power of which even
    pious men mourn, as did the apostle,
    Rom. 7:17; Psal. 51:2.
  249. SIN, Christ made sin: though holy, He
    was made legally accountable for the sins
    of the world, and a sin offering
    , 2 Cor.
    5:21; hence His sufferings for us, or His
    bearing the punishment of our sins
    , Isa.
    53:10-12; 1 Pet. 2:2.
  250. SIN, to violate the law of God, Deut.
    20:18; Neh. 13:26; Rom. 6:15: to
    practise iniquity, 1 John 3:9: to offend
    against charity, 1 Sam. 12:23: to injure,
    Gen. 42:22; Matt. 18:21.
  251. SI'NAI, [h] (bush), a mountain of Arabia
    , famous for its being the supposed
    place round which the Israelites were
    assembled when God gave to them His law
    by the ministry of Moses, Exod. 16:1; 19:
    1, 2, 20; Lev. 26:46; Gal. 4:25.   Sinai
    is a summit of the rocky district of
    Mount Horeb, on the peninsula formed
    by the two arms or gulfs of the Red sea,
    about 260 miles from Cairo in Egypt.
    There are two lofty peaks in this range

    from 6000 to 8000 feet high, Horeb and
    Sinai: but travellers are not able to
    determine which of them is Sinai proper:
    one is called El Tor, or the Mountain,
    and the whole mountain range is called
    Djebel Mousa, or the Mount of Moses,
    by the Arabs, Exod. 3:1-12; Deut. 4:10,
    15; 5:2.   Superstition has determined
    that the more elevated is Sinai, on which
    is built a chapel dedicated to St. Catha-
    rine, and a monastery to the same saint,
    at the foot of the mountain: to visit these
    sacred places, travellers are obliged to sub-
    mit to various impositions from the Arabs.

  252. SINCE, after, Gen. 30:30: from the
    time that, Exod. 9:18, 24: because that,
    1 Cor. 15:21; 2 Cor. 13:3.
  253. SINCERE, pure, 1 Pet. 2:2: upright,
    Phil. 1:10.
  254. SINCERELY, honestly, Judg. 9:16:
    benevolently, Phil. 1:16.
  255. SINCERITY, honesty of intention, Josh.
    24:14: freedom from hypocrisy, Eph.
  256. SINEWS, tendons or natural cords by
    which the body is held together, and form
    the means of feeling, Job 10:11; Ezek.
    37:6-8.   Lameness is caused by the
    sinews being injured, Gen. 32:32.   An
    iron sinew denotes an impenitent obsti-
    nate mind, Isa. 48:4.
  257. SINFUL, wicked, Num. 32:14; Luke
    24:7: corrupted, Amos 9:8: guilty,
    Luke 5:8: abominable, Rom. 7:13:
    unholy, 8:3.
  258. SING, to articulate musically, Num. 21:
    17; Jam. 5:13: to chant, 1 Sam. 21:11:
    to celebrate with psalms, Exod. 15:1;
    Psal. 33:2, 3.
  259. SINGED, scorched, Dan. 3:27.
  260. SINGER, one who sings in a choir, 1
    Chron. 6:33.   Singers were numerous
    in the service of the
    tabernacle under
    David, 1 Kings 10:12; 1 Chron. 6:32;
    13:8; and of the temple under Solomon,
    2 Chron. 5:3.
  261. SINGING: this delightful part of Divine
    worship, both public and private, is sanc-
    tioned by the example of Christ, Matt.
    26:30; and of the early Christians,
    Eph. 5:19; Col. 3:16.
  262. SINGING-MEN, choirs for the taber-
    nacle and temple services, 2 Sam. 19:
    35; 2 Chron. 35:25; Neh. 7:6.
  263. SINGLE, clear or bright, as relating to
    the eye, Matt. 6:22.
  264. SINGLENESS, simplicity of mind and
    sincerity of heart, Acts 2:46; Eph. 6:5.
  265. SINGULAR, particular or unusual, Lev.
  266. SINK, to descend, as in the water, Matt.
    14:30: to fall as from a state of grandeur,
    Jer. 51:64.
  267. SINNED, did sin, Exod. 9:34: trans-
    , Rom. 2:[12].
  268. SINNER, a transgressor, Prov. 11:31;
    Isa. 65:20: a backslider, Jam. 5:20.
  269. SI'ON, [h] (noise or tumult), one of the
    names of Mount Hermon, which was the
    southernmost elevation of Lebanon, on
    the north-east of Canaan, Deut. 4:48;
    3:9.   See
  270. SION, Σιων, Heb. [h] (monument or turret),
    the highest hill of Jerusalem, not far
    from mount Moriah, on which the temple
    of Solomon was erected, 2 Sam. 5:7; Heb.
    12:22; Rev. 14:1.   See ZION.
  271. SIR, a title of respect in addressing a
    superior or stranger, Gen. 43:20; John
    4:11; Rev. 7:14.
  272. SI'RION, [h] (a breastplace, or song of the
    ), the name by which the Sidonians
    called mount Hermon, Deut. 3:9; Psal.
  273. SIRNAME, a title added to the principal
    name of a person, Matt. 10:3; Acts 12:
  274. SIRNAME, to assume another name,
    Isa. 44:5.
  275. SIRNAMED, named additionally, Isa.
    45:4; Mark 3:16, 17; Acts 15:22.
  276. SIS'ERA, [h] (that sees a horse or a
    ), a general of the Canaanites,
    under king Jabin: he was destroyed as
    an enemy of Israel and of God, by
    the wife of Heber the Kenite, Judg. 4:2;
    21, 22.
  277. SISTER, a woman born of the same
    parents, Gen. 30:1; Exod. 2:4: a female
    relative, Gen. 24:59, 60: a niece, as
    Sarah, Abraham's wife, was Iscah, his
    brother Haran's daughter, Gen. 11:29;
    20:12: a female of the same religious
    community, Rom. 16:1; Jam. 2:15.
    Jerusalem is called the sister of the cities
    Samaria and Sodom, as being equal to
    them in idolatry and wickedness, Ezek.
    16:2, 46, 51.
  278. SISTER-IN-LAW, husband or wife's
    sister, Ruth 1:15.
  279. SIT, to repose the body, as in taking
    food, 1 Sam. 9:22; Luke 9:14; in giving
    judgment, Ruth 4:1; in giving instruc-
    tion, Matt. 23:2; in partaking of the
    Lord's supper, 26:20; in the blessed-
    ness of heaven, Luke 13:29.
  280. SITH, since, or as, Ezek. 35:6.
  281. SITTING, reposing for rest, Judg. 3:
    20: stationed in office, Matt. 9:9: seated
    for ease, Neh. 2:6: brooding, Deut. 22:6.
  282. SITUATE, placed, as a city near the
    sea or a river, Ezek. 27:3; Nah. 3:8.
  283. SITUATION, position, or place, as of a
    city, 2 Kings 2:19; Psal. 48:2.
  284. SIVAN, the third month of the Jewish
    sacred year, Esth. 8:9.   See MONTH.
  285. SIX, a number, twice three, Num. 7:
    3; 2 Sam. 21:20.
  286. SIXTEEN, six and ten, Exod. 26:25;
    2 Kings 15:33.
  287. SIXTEENTH, the sixth from the tenth,
    1 Chron. 24:14.
  288. SIXTY, six times ten, Gen. 5:15, 21.
  289. SIZE, bulk, comparative magnitude,
    Exod. 36:9; 1 Kings 6:25.
  290. SKIES, the regions above the clouds,
    2 Sam. 22:12: the clouds, Isa. 45:8.
  291. SKILFUL, ingenious, 2 Chron. 2:14:
    intelligent, Dan. 1:4: dexterous and bold,
    1 Chron. 5:18.
  292. SKILFULLY, with skill, dexterously,
    Psal. 33:3.
  293. SKILFULNESS, art, ability, dexterity,
    Psal. 78:72.
  294. SKILL, intelligence or practical wisdom,
    Dan. 1:17; 9:22.
  295. SKILL, to be ingenious in handicraft
    employment, 1 Kings 5:6; 2 Chron. 2:7.
  296. SKIN, the natural covering of our flesh,
    Job 2:4; Ezek. 37:6: the hide of a
    beast, Num. 19:5: the natural com-
    plexion, Jer. 13:23.   To flay off the skin
    is to oppress extremely, Mic. 3:2, 3.
    Escaping with the skin of one's teeth,
    indicates loss of everything but life, Job
    19:20.   Skin for skin is a proverbial
    expression denoting the preciousness of
    life, Job 2:4.
  297. SKIP, to leap, Psal. 29:6; Jer. 48:27.
  298. SKIRT, the lower part of a garment,
    1 Sam. 15:27.   A man spreading his skirt
    over a woman refers to an ancient cere-
    mony of marriage, Ruth 3:9; Ezek. 16:8.
  299. SKULL, the bone that encompasses the
    head, Judg. 9:53; 2 Kings 9:35.
  300. SKY, the visible heavens, Job 37:
    18; Heb. 11:12.
  301. SLACK, inactive, Josh. 18:3: delay-
    ing, 2 Pet. 3:9: niggardly, Psal. 10:4.
  302. SLACK, to delay, Deut. 23:21: to
    restrain, 2 Kings 4:24.
  303. SLACKNESS, delay, 2 Pet. 3:9.
  304. SLAIN, killed, Gen. 4:23: assassinated,
    Acts 23:14.
  305. SLAIN, dead, Gen. 34:27; 1 Sam.
  306. SLANDER, a false invective, Prov. 10:
    18: an evil report, Num. 14:36.
  307. SLANDERER, one who publishes a false
    or evil report, 1 Tim. 3:11; 2 Sam. 19:37.
  308. SLANDEROUSLY, falsely, calumniously,
    Rom. 3:8.
  309. SLANG, did sling, 1 Sam. 18:49.
  310. SLAVE, a servant in bondage, as the
    property of another, Jer. 2:14; Rev. 18:
    13.   See
  311. SLAUGHTER, destruction in war, 1 Sam.
    14:14: death, as of a beast by the
    butcher, Acts 8:32: massacre, Acts 9:
    1: feasting at victory in a war, Jam. 5:5.
  312. SLAY, to kill, Gen. 18:25: to murder,
    Acts 9:29.
  313. SLAYER, a murderer, Num. 35:11,
    24, 28.
  314. SLAYING, slaughtering, as beasts by the
    butcher, Isa. 22:13: murdering, Judg.
  315. SLEEP, natural rest by night, Gen.
    28:16; Dan. 2:1: negligence or inac-
    tivity, Rom. 13:11:
    death, John 11:11 [body].
  316. SLEEP, to repose by night, Eccles. 5:
    12: to be regardless, 1 Cor. 11:30; Eph.
    5:14: to be
    dead, 1 Thess. 4:14 [body].
  317. SLEEPER, one who sleeps, careless and
    negligent, Jon. 1:6.
  318. SLEEPING, reposing in sleep, Acts 12:
    6: careless, Mark 13:36.
  319. SLEIGHT, craft or deceit, Eph. 4:14.
  320. SLEPT, did sleep, Gen. 41:5: did rest
    in the
    grave, 1 Cor. 15:20 [body].
  321. SLEW, did slay or kill, as in war, Judg.
    1:4; 3:29: did murder, Gen. 4:8; Jer.
  322. SLIDE, to slip with the feet in walking,
    Deut. 32:35: to fall from duty by
    error of
    sin, Psal. 26:1; 37:31.
  323. SLIGHTLY, negligently, or unsoundly,
    Jer. 6:14; 8:11.
  324. SLIME, viscous mire, Gen. 11:3; Exod.
    2:3.   That mentioned by Moses was a
    kind of bitumen or mineral pitch.   See
  325. SLIME-PITS, holes in the earth abound-
    ing in various parts of Canaan and the
    vicinity of Babylon, Gen. 14:10.
  326. SLING, a string contrived with a loop
    for the throwing of stones in battle, 1
    Sam. 17:4, 50; 2 Chron. 26:16.
  327. SLINGERS, men trained for war by
    slinging stones, Judg. 26:16; 2 Kings
  328. SLIP, to slide, Job 12:5: to fall off,
    Deut. 19:5: to escape, as divine truths
    or promises from the mind, Heb. 2:1.
  329. SLIPPERY, dangerous, Psal. 73:18;
    Jer. 23:12.
  330. SLOTHFUL, indolent or lazy, Judg.
    18:9; Prov. 15:19.
  331. SLOTHFULNESS, indolence or negli-
    gence, Prov. 19:15; Eccles. 10:18.
  332. SLOW, not quick, Exod. 4:10: not
    hasty, Neh. 9:17: disinclined, Luke
    24:25.   Slowness of speech is difficulty
    of utterance, Exod. 4:10.   Slow to
    wrath, is being not hasty to punish, Neh.
    9:17; Prov. 14:29.
  333. SLOWLY, not quickly, tardily, Acts
  334. SLUGGARD, an idler, a lazy person,
    Prov. 6:6; 20:4
  335. SLUICE, a water-gate or flood-gate, Isa.
  336. SLUMBER, light sleep, Psal. 122:4;
    Prov. 6:4, 10: carelessness, negligence
    of duty or of interest, Rom. 11:8.
  337. SLUMBER, to sleep lightly, Psal. 121:
    3, 4: to be careless, Isa. 5:27; Nah. 3:18.
  338. SMALL, little, as in size, John 2:15;
    6:9: as in comparison, 2 Sam. 7:19:
    as in importance, Gen. 30:16: as in
    violence, Acts 27:20.
  339. SMALLEST, least in importance, 1 Sam.
    9:21; 1 Cor. 6:2.
  340. SMART, to endure pain or loss, Prov.
  341. SMELL, scent or odour, Gen. 27:27;
    Dan. 3:27.
  342. SMELL, to perceive by the nostrils,
    Deut. 4:28: to approve, as the holy
    incense, Lev. 26:31; Amos 5:21
  343. SMELLED, did smell, Gen. 27:27:
    did approve, as perceiving sincerity, 8:21.
  344. SMELLING, the sense of smelling, 1
    Cor. 4:17.
  345. SMELLING, odoriferous, Eph. 5:2.
  346. SMITE, to strike, Exod. 7:17; 21:18,
    20: to wound, 1 Sam. 18:11; 20:33:
    to kill, Exod. 12:12.   To smite a city, is
    to besiege or attack it, Josh. 7:3; 10:4.
    To smite an army, is to attack and con-
    quer it, Judg. 6:16.   To smite with the
    tongue, is to reproach or calumniate, Jer.
  347. SMITERS, those who smite or inflict
    punishment, Isa. 50:6.
  348. SMITH, one who works in metal, as in
    iron, 1 Sam. 13:19; Isa. 44:12; or in
    silver, Acts 19:24; or in copper, 2 Tim.
  349. SMITING, striking, Exod. 3:11; 1
    Kings 20:37: vanquishing, as an army,
    2 Sam. 8:13; 2 Kings 3:24.
  350. SMITTEN, beaten, Exod. 22:2: de-
    feated, 1 Sam. 4:2, 3: killed, 1 Kings 11:
    15: destroyed, 1 Sam. 30:1: afflicted,
    Isa. 53:4.
  351. SMOKE, the black exhalation from any-
    thing burning, Gen. 19:28; Rev. 18:9,
    18: fume or vapour, Job 41:20: indica-
    tions of the glory of God, Exod. 19:18,
    especially to bless, Isa. 4:5; 6:4.   In-
    dications of the torment of lost
    souls are
    called smoke, [Rev.] 14:11.
  352. SMOKE, to emit black exhalations, Psal.
    104:32: to be angry, Deut. 29:20.
  353. SMOKING, emitting smoke, Gen. 15:7:
    burning, Exod. 20:18.
  354. SMOOTH, even or soft, Gen. 27:11:
    not rough, 1 Sam. 17:40: flattering,
    not reproving, Isa. 30:10.
  355. SMOOTHER, more soft and flattering,
    Psal. 55:21.
  356. SMOTE, did smite, Gen. 19:11; Num.
  357. SMYR'NA, Σμυρνα (myrrh), a city of
    Asia Minor, about forty miles north of
    Ephesus, famous for its having been
    thought the birthplace of Homer, but
    more so as having contained one of the
    churches of Asia, specially ad-
    dressed by Jesus Christ, Rev. 1:11; 2:8.
    Polycarp is supposed by some to have
    been the angel or bishop of this Christian
    congregation addressed by John, as he
    sustained that office some years after-
    wards, and was martyred here, A.D. 160,
    at the age of 95.   Smyrna is now the
    principal emporium of trade in the Le-
    vant; it is called by the Turks Ismir,
    and the population is estimated to in-
    clude 70,000 Turks, 30,000 Greeks, 15,000
    Armenians, 10,000 Jews, 5000 Franks,

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