Bible Dictionary: Sh. 1840
- SHAAL'BIM, [h] (that beholds the
heart, or fox of the sea), a town of Ephraim,
- SHAASH'GAZ, [h] (he that presses the
fleece, or he that shears the sheep), a cham-
berlain of king Ahasuerus, Est. 2:14.
- SHA'DRACH, [h] (tender nipple, or soft
and tender field), the Chaldean name given
to Hananiah, a captive prince of eminent
piety in Babylon, Dan. 1:7; 3:23.
- SHADE, defence or protection, Psal.
- SHADOW, the dark figure of a body
intercepting the light as seen on the
ground, as the shadow of trees, Judg. 9:
15; Job 40:22: the darkness of evening,
Isa. 16:3: a shady covering affording
shelter, Gen. 19:8; Isa. 4:6: a tempo-
rary representation, as the sacrifices of
the law represented Christ, Heb. 9:5.
- SHADOWING, affording shadow, Ezek.
31:3: overspreading, Heb. 9:5.
- SHADY, giving shade, Job 40:21, 22.
- SHAFT, the stem or upright supporter,
Exod. 25:31: the stem of an arrow,
- SHAKE, to move quickly, Neh. 5:13;
Isa. 33:9: to tremble, Matt. 28:
4: to convulse, Heb. 12:26.
- SHAKED, did shake, Psal. 109:25.
- SHAKEN, moved violently, Job 15:12:
agitated, 2 Kings 14:15.
- SHAKING, a violent motion, Isa. 18:
6: agitation, Ezek. 38:19.
- SHA'LIM, [h] (fox or path), a city of
Samaria near the Jordan, 1 Sam. 9:4.
- SHAL'LUM, [h] (perfect or pacific), the
son of Jabesh: he murdered Zechariah,
king of Israel, and himself shared the
same fate, after occupying the usurped
throne only one month, 2 Kings 15:10-
- SHALLUM, the husband of the pro-
phetess Huldah, 2 Kings 22:14.
- SHALLUM, the fourth son of Josiah,
king of Judah, 1 Chron. 3:15: he was
called also Jehoahaz, and made king on
the death of his father, but carried cap-
tive into Egypt, by Pharaoh Necho, 2
Kings 23:30-34; Jer. 22:11.
- SHALLUM, a priest, son of Zadok, the
high-priest, and father of Hilkiah, the
high-priest: he is also called Meshullam,
1 Chron. 6:12, 13; 9:11.
- SHALMANE'ZER, [h] (peace chained,
or peace taken away), son and successor of
Tiglath-pileser, king of Assyria. He
invaded Samaria, and compelled Hoshea
to pay him tribute, which he did for
three years, and then forming an alli-
ance with So, king of Egypt, Shalmaneser
again vanquished him, captured the city
of Samaria, destroyed the kingdom of
Israel, and carried the people into Media
and other parts of the East, about the
year 721 B.C., 2 Kings 17:1, 4, 6; 18:9.
- SHAMBLES, butchers' stalls in the mar-
ket, 1 Cor. 10:25.
- SHAME, confusion, arising from guilt
and degradation, Exod. 32:25; Dan.
12:2: personal dishonour, Phil. 3:19:
what is shameful, Hos. 4:10: ignominy,
1 Sam. 20:34; 2 Sam. 13:13: scorn,
Psal. 4:2; Ezek. 36:6: unmerited
reproach, Heb. 12:2.
- SHAME, to make ashamed, 1 Cor. 4:14;
- SHAMED, did shame or degrade, 2 Sam.
19:5: did scorn, Psal. 14:6.
- SHAMEFACEDNESS, an agreeable mo-
desty, 1 Tim. 2:9.
- SHAMEFUL, abominable, Jer. 11:13:
filthy, Hab. 2:16.
- SHAMEFULLY, wickedly, Hos. 2:5:
dishonourably, Mark 12:4; 1 Thess. 2:2.
- SHAMELESSLY, impudently, without
shame, 2 Sam. 6:20.
- SHAM'GAR, [h] (named a stranger, or
he is a stranger), the third of the judges of
Israel, Judg. 3:31.
- SHAM'MAH, [h] (loss, desolation, or asto-
nishment), a grandson of Esau, Gen. 36:
- SHAMMAH, a brother of David, 1 Sam.
16:9; called also Shimeah, 2 Sam. 13:
2, and Shimma, 1 Chron. 2:13.
- SHAMMAH, one of the three mighty
captains of David, 2 Sam. 23:11.
- SHAMMAH, one of the thirty captains
of David, 2 Sam. 23:5.
- SHAPE, form or external appearance,
Luke 3:22; John 5:37.
- SHA'PHAN, [h] (a rabbit or wild rat, or
their breaking), the secretary of the temple
at Jerusalem under king Josiah, 2 Kings
22:3, 8, 12.
- SHA'PHAT, [h] (that judges), one of the
spies sent by Moses, of the tribe of
Simeon, Num. 13:5.
- SHAPHAT, one of the royal house of
David, 1 Chron. 3:22.
- SHAPHAT, one of the chief herdsmen
of David, 1 Chron. 27:29.
- SHAPHAT, the father of Elisha, 1 Kings
- SHARE, the iron blade of a plough,
1 Sam. 13:20.
- SHARE'ZER, [h] (prince of the trea-
sure), one of the sons of Sennacherib,
king of Assyria, and, with his brother,
murderer of his father, 2 Kings 19:37.
- SHA'RON, [h] (his plain, his field, or his
song), a fertile and delightful district of
Canaan, between Joppa and Cesarea, 1
Chron. 27:29; Isa. 33:9. See
- SHARON, a city and district east of
Jordan, 1 Chron. 5:16.
- SHARP, fit to cut with, Josh. 5:2; Psal.
52:2: with a piercing point, Psal. 45:5;
Isa. 49:2: hurtful, Psal. 57:4: eager
or severe, Acts 15:39.
- SHARPEN, to make sharp, 1 Sam. 13:
20, 21; Prov. 27:17.
- SHARPENED, did sharpen, Ezek. 21:9.
- SHARPER, more adapted to cut or
pierce, Mic. 7:4; Heb. 4:12.
- SHARPLY, fiercely, Judg. 8:1: se-
verely, Tit. 1:13.
- SHARPNESS, severity, 2 Cor. 13:10.
- SHAVE, to pare, as the hair off the
chin or head with a razor, Lev. 14:9:
to inflict national calamities, Isa. 7:20.
Shaving off half the beard, as was done
to David's ambassadors, by the king of
Ammon, was a most atrocious insult,
2 Sam. 10:4
- SHA'VEH, [h] (the plain, or that makes
equality), a plain near to the brook Ce-
dron, Gen. 14:17. Absalom built a
pillar, as his monument, on a part of this
plain, near to Jerusalem, 2 Sam. 18:18.
- SHAVEN, shaved, Jer. 41:5; 1 Cor.
- SHEAF, a bundle of corn, Gen. 37:
7; Lev. 23:10. To take away the
sheaf from the hungry, is to deprive the
poor of the means of support, Job 24:
- SHEAL'TIEL, a prince of Judah, Ezra
3:2; Hag. 1:1. See SALATHIEL.
- SHEAR, to cut or clip, as the wool
from sheep, Gen. 31:19; 1 Sam. 25:4.
- SHEARER, one who shears sheep, Gen.
38:12; 2 Sam. 13:23.
- SHEARING, the act of cutting the wool
from sheep, 1 Sam. 25:2.
- SHEARING-HOUSE, a shed to shelter
the shearers at their work, 2 Kings 10:
- SHEAR-JA'SHUB, [h] (the remnant
shall return), a son of Isaiah, Isa. 7:3.
- SHEATH, the scabbard or case of a
sword, 1 Sam. 17:51. God, suspending
His judgments, is represented as putting
His sword into its sheath, Ezek. 21:3, 30.
- SHEAVES, bundles of corn, Gen. 37:
7; Ruth 2:7: fruits of pious beneficence,
- SHE'BA, [h] (captivity, conversion, repose,
or old age), a descendant of Ham, Gen.
- SHEBA, a descendant of Shem, by
Joktan: he is believed to have given his
name to a district of Arabia, and from
him his descendants are thought to have
been called Sabeans, Job 1:15; Gen. 10:28.
- SHEBA, a grandson of Abraham, by
Keturah, Gen. 25:1-3: he, rather than
the son of Joktan, is supposed by some
to have given his name to a province
where he settled in Arabia.
- SHEBA, a province in the south-east of
Arabia, situated between the Red sea
and the Indian ocean. This country
abounded with the most valuable spices,
the rarest gems, and the finest gold, 1
Kings 10:10; Ezek. 27:22.
- SHEBA, THE QUEEN OF, a lady of an
extraordinary understanding, who "came
from the uttermost parts of the earth
[or the land] to hear the wisdom of
Solomon." This celebrated "queen of
the south" may well be supposed to
have possessed some traditional know-
ledge of the true religion; and, in the
commercial intercourse of her people
with the Hebrews, she was likely to have
heard much of the wisdom and piety of
king Solomon. Therefore she undertook
the long journey, that she might be in-
structed by so wise a man, manifestly
favoured of God! 1 Kings 10:1; Matt.
12:42; Luke 10:31.
- SHEBANI'AH, [h] (the Lord that converts,
or that recals from captivity), a priest in
the time of David, 1 Chron. 15:24.
- SHEBANIAH, a priest or Levite who
returned from Babylon, Neh. 12:14.
- SHEB'NAH, [h] (who rests himself, or
who is now captive), secretary to king
Hezekiah, 2 Kings 18:18-26. Sheb-
nah's vain ambition was mortified by the
threatening of the prophet Isaiah, Isa.
- SHE'CHEM, [h] (part, portion, or early
in the morning), a prince in Canaan, Gen.
- SHECHEM, a chief of the tribe of
Manasseh, Num. 26:31.
- SHECHEM, an ancient city of Canaan,
near mount Ephraim, Josh. 24:1: it
was destroyed by Abimelech, Judg. 9:
1-45: rebuilt by Jeroboam, 1 Kings 12:
25; and for a long period continued a
city of importance, nearly forty miles
north of Jerusalem. In the New Testa-
ment it is called Sychar, John 4:5, and
Sychem, Acts 7:16. The modern city,
called Napolose, is delightfully situated
in a valley surrounded by magnificent
hills, and between the ancient Ebal and
Gerizim: it is supposed to contain nearly
10,000 inhabitants, mostly Mohamm_dans,
but a few Greek Christians.
- SHED, to pour out or spill, as blood in
the case of murder, Gen. 9:6; as the
bowels in the assassination of Amasa,
2 Sam. 20:10; as Christ gave His blood
in sacrifice, a ransom for our souls, Matt.
26:28: to diffuse, as God imparted the
gracious influences of His Holy Spirit to
endow His apostles, Acts 2:33; and as
He still imparts that influence to regene-
rate and bless the souls of His people,
Tit. 3:6; Rom. 5:5.
- SHEDDER, one who sheds, a murderer,
- SHEDDING, the act of taking away life,
- SHEEP, a well-known animal, famed
for its gentleness, and as being the em-
blem of innocence: its flesh and wool
have rendered it invaluable for food and
clothing, Gen. 4:2; Exod. 12:5; Deut.
7:13. Large flocks of sheep consti-
tuted much of the wealth of ancient
kings and patriarchs, 2 Chron. 30:24;
Job 1:3; 42:22. Sheep of two species
are common in Syria, one resembling
ours, the other having an extraordinary
tail, one-fourth of the whole weight of
the animal; its substance is a peculiarly
rich fat, used instead of butter. This
part is the "rump" that was to be burnt
in the sacrifices, Lev. 3:9.
- SHEEP, the worshippers of God, Psal.
79:13; 95:7: the flock of Christ,
Zech. 13:7; John 10:7, 11, 18.
- SHEEPCOTE, a small enclosure for the
protection of sheep while pasturing, by
night, on a plain or mountain, 1 Sam.
24:3; 2 Sam. 7:8.
- SHEEPFOLD, a large sheepcote or en-
closure for sheep, John 10:1; Num. 32:
- SHEET, the linen of a bed, a large
square of linen cloth, Acts 10:11; Judg.
- SHEKEL, a Hebrew weight of nearly
half an ounce, and this being the most
ancient standard, money was weighed
by it before the practice of coining, Gen.
23:15, 16; 24:22; Ezek. 4:10.
There seems to have been some differ-
ence between the shekel of the sanc-
tuary and the king's weight, Exod. 30:
13; 2 Sam. 14:26; but what it was is
not known: some have supposed the
royal shekel was only half that of the
sanctuary; but this wants proof. Shekels
were first coined as money under Simon
Maccabeus, about the year B.C. 138. See
- SHE'LAH, [h] (that breaks or undresses),
a son of Judah and head of a family,
Gen. 38:5-11; Num. 26:20.
- SHEL'OMI, [h] (peaceable), a chief of
the tribe of Asher, whose son Ahihud
was one of the commissioners for dividing
Canaan, Num. 34:27.
- SHEL'OMITH, [h] (me peace, my happi-
ness), or my recompense), a woman of the
tribe of Dan, whose son was stoned for
blaspheming, Lev. 24:10, 11.
- SHELOMITH, a daughter of prince Ze-
rubbabel, 1 Chron. 3:19.
- SHELTER, a defence or protection,
Psal. 61:3: a habitation, Job 24:8.
- SHEM, [h] (name, renown, or he that
places), a son of Noah: he was preserved
with his father in the ark, and special
blessings were pronounced upon his pos-
terity, including Divine ordinances, until
the advent of Messiah, Gen. 5:32; 9:
26, 27. His descendants peopled the
best province of Asia, 10:21-31; 11:10-
- SHEMAI'AH, [h] (that hears or obeys
the Lord), a prophet who admonished and
reproved king Rehoboam, and wrote the
annals of his reign, 2 Chron. 11:2; 12:
- SHEMAIAH, a Levite sent by king
Jehoshaphat to instruct the people of
Judah, 2 Chron. 17:8.
- SHEMAIAH, a Levite in the time of
king Hezekiah, 2 Chron. 29:4.
- SHEMAIAH, a prince of the Levites in
the time of king Josiah, 2 Chron. 35:
- SHEMAIAH, a false prophet who lived
at Babylon, Jer. 29:24-32.
- SHEMAIAH, a prince of Judah, Jer.
- SHEMAIAH, a false prophet in the time
of Nehemiah, Neh. 6:10. Several others
of this name are recorded.
- SHEM'EBER, [h] (name of force, or
of the strong), the king of Zeboim, Gen.
- SHEM'INITH, a musical instrument of
eight strings, Psal. 6. 12. title.
- SHENA'ZAR, [h] (treasure of the tooth
or of ivory), a son of Jeconiah king of
Judah, 1 Chron 3:18.
- SHE'NIR, [h] (light that sleeps, or renew-
ing of the lamp), mount Hermon, or a part
of it, Deut. 3:9; Sol. Song 4:8.
- Sheol, a literal place. See Tract.
- SHEPHATI'AH, [h] (the judgment of the
Lord). Several are mentioned under this
name, as a son of David, 2 Sam. 3:4.
- SHEPHATIAH, a mighty man who joined
David at Ziklag, 1 Chron. 12:5.
- SHEPHATIAH, a chief of the tribe of
Simeon in the time of David, 1 Chron.
- SHEPHATIAH, a son of king Jehosha-
phat, 2 Chron. 21:2.
- SHEPHATIAH, a man of rank in the
time of Jeremiah, Jer. 38:1.
- SHEPHERD, a keeper of sheep, Gen.
46:34; Luke 2:8-28: a defender or
protector, as Cyrus, Isa. 44:28; Ezra 1:
1-4: especially as God, Psal. 23:1:
the minister or bishop of a congregation,
Ezek. 34:8: our Lord Jesus Christ,
as the keeper of the whole flock of the
pious, the bishop of the [local] church,
Zech. 13:7; John 10:11; Heb. 13:20;
1 Pet. 5:4.
- SHERD, a fragment of broken earthen-
ware, Isa. 30:14; Ezek. 23:34.
- SHERIFF, a chief executor of the laws
in a country or district, Dan. 3:2, 3.
- SHE'SHACH, [h] (bag of linen), a title
of Babylon, supposed to have been given
on account of one of its idols, Jer. 25:
- SHE'SHAI, [h] (the sixth, flax, or joy), one
of the sons of the giant Anak, driven from
Hebron by Caleb, Josh. 15:14.
- SHESHBAZ'ZAR, [h] (joy in tribula-
tion), the prince of Judah, who led the
Jews from Babylon, under the decree of
Cyrus: he is believed to have been the
same as Zerubbabel, one being his Jew-
ish and the other his Chaldean names
Ezra 1:8; 2:2; 3:8, 9; 5:2, 14, 16;
Zech. 4:8, 9.
- SHE'THAR, [h] (that rots), a principal
officer in the court of Ahasuerus, Est. 1:
- SHE'THAR-BOZ'NAI, [h] (that causes
to rot), an officer of the king of Persia
beyond the Euphrates who was unfriendly
to the Jews, Ezra 5:6.
- SHE'VA, [h] (vanity, elevation, fame, or
tumult), a secretary to king David, 2 Sam.
- SHEW, appearance, Isa. 3:9: an exhi-
bition, Luke 20:47; Gen. 6:12; Col. 2:
- SHEW, to exhibit or manifest, Exod.
9:16: to declare or explain, Est. 2:10;
Job 10:2: to reveal, Dan. 2:4; Rev. 1:1:
to exercise mercy and grace, 1 Tim. 1:16.
- SHEWED, did show or exhibit, Num.
13:26; Est. 1:4: did manifest, John
21:1: did declare, Matt. 28:11.
- SHEW-BREAD (Heb. bread of faces): this
consisted of twelve loaves or cakes,
placed upon the golden table every Sab-
bath, in the most holy place, Exod. 25:
30; Lev. 24:5-7: these cakes, accord-
ing to the number of the tribes of Israel,
seem to have been presented before the
Lord, as a memorial, in acknowledgment
of His providential bounty towards His
people, and of their perpetual depend-
ence on His paternal blessing. This
consecrated bread was to be eaten only
by the priests, 1 Sam. 21:4, 5; Matt.
- SHEWING, manifestation, Luke 1:80.
- SHEWING, exhibiting, Acts 9:39:
exercising, Exod. 20:6; Dan. 4:27:
proving, Acts 18:28.
- SHIB-BOLETH, [h] (a stream); it was
Sibboleth in the corrupt dialect of the
Ephraimites, by the pronouncing of which
they were discovered at the passage of
the Jordan, and many slain in the bar-
barous war, Judg. 12:6.
- SHIELD, a large buckler, a piece of
armour for the defence of the breast,
1 Kings 10:17; 14:27. God, as pro-
tector of His people, is often called their
shield, Gen. 15:1; Psal. 84:11.
Powerful men are "shields of the earth"
under Divine providence, Psal. 47:9.
Faith is the shield of a Christian, as the
means of his preservation, Eph. 6:.
- SHIGGAION (a song of trouble or of com-
fort), the name of a musical instrument
or tune, Psal. 7. title.
- SHIGIONOTH, the name of a musical
instrument, as the word signifies "accord-
ing to variable tunes," Hab. 3:1.
- SHILO'AH, [h] (sent), Isa. 8:6. See
- SHI'LOH, [h] (happy, peaceful, or a
Saviour), a title of Messiah, as His advent
was predicted by Jacob as certain before
the dissolution of the tribe of Judah,
Gen. 49:10. This text may be thus
rendered--"The power of government
shall not depart from Judah, nor an
administrator of the laws from among
his descendants, until the Peaceful come,
and to him shall be the gathering and
obedience of the Gentiles." That the
Messiah was intended by the inspiring
Spirit in Jacob, is evident from the lite-
ral fulfilment of the prophecy. For the
sceptre, or tribal government, did not
depart from Judah until the time of
Christ. And within forty years after
His ascension Jerusalem was destroyed,
both the civil and ecclesiastical govern-
ment of Judah were subverted, the Jews
scattered, and "the people[,]" or Gentiles,
were gathered to Christ, by embracing
- SHILOH, a famous city of Ephraim,
about twenty-five miles north of Jeru-
salem: Joshua assembled the Israelites
here, and fixed the tabernacle of the
covenant, which continued in this city
for nearly 350 years, Josh. 18:1; 19:
51. Here Samuel began his ministry, as
it was the principal residence of the
high-priest and of the prophets, Judg.
18:31; 1 Sam. 1:3-24; 1 Kings 14:2.
- SHIM'EAH, [h] (that hears or that obeys),
a chief of the family of Benjamin, 1 Chron.
- SHIMEAH, a brother of David, called
also Shammah, 1 Sam. 16:9; 2 Sam. 13:
- SHIM'EI, [h] (that hears or that obeys),
a noble captain of David's: he did not
join Adonijah, and was made a deputy
by Solomon, 1 Kings 1:8; 4:18.
- SHIMEI, a kinsman of king Saul, a
malignant enemy of David: his insults
and imprecations were pardoned, but on
violating his parole he was put to death
by Solomon, 2 Sam. 16:5-13; 19:16;
1 Kings 2:8, 9, 36, 46.
- SHIM'SHAI, [h], a secretary in the
service of the king of Persia, an enemy
of the Jews, Ezra 4:8.
- SHI'NAR, [h] (the watching of him that
sleeps), an extensive plain between the
rivers Euphrates and Tigris, and which
became famous for the tower and city
of Babel, Gen. 10:10; 11:2; Dan. 1:2.
The ancient bounds of Shinar are un-
known, but the territory is now within
the pashalic of Bagdad.
- SHINE, to appear bright, as by the
light of the sun, Job 3:4; the stars,
Dan. 12:3; or fire, Job 18:5: to reflect
holiness, Matt. 5:16: to appear in im-
mortal glory, 13:43. God shines when
He manifests His favour, Psal. 31:16,
or enlightens the mind with His saving
knowledge, 2 Cor. 4:4-6.
- SHINED, did shine, Job 31:26; Acts
9:3: did enlighten the mind with divine
knowledge, 2 Cor. 4:6.
- SHINING, light, Isa. 4:5: bright, Hab.
- SHIP, a large vessel for sailing on the
sea, Jon. 1:3-5; 1 Kings 9:26; Isa. 60:
9-56: a large boat, Matt. 4:21.
- SHIPMASTER, the commander or cap-
tain of a ship's company, Jon. 1:6; Rev.
- SHIPMEN, the sailors or labourers in a
ship, 1 Kings 9:27; Acts 27:30.
- SHIPPING, passage in a ship, John 6:
- SHIPH'RAH, [h] (handsome, or trumpet,
or that does good), one of the Hebrew
midwives who preserved the children
of the Israelites in Egypt, Exod. 1:15.
- SHIPWRECK, destruction of a ship at
sea, 2 Cor. 11:25. To "make shipwreck
of faith and of a good conscience," is to
become an apostate from Christianity, 1 Tim. 1:.
- SHI'SHAK, [h] (present of the bag, of the
pot, or of the thigh), a powerful king of
Egypt, supposed to have been the brother
of Solomon's queen, 1 Kings 3:1; 7:8,
and the famous conqueror Sesostris.
He invaded Judea in the fifth year of
Rehoboam, took Jerusalem, and carried
away the golden shields and other royal
treasures of Solomon. God permitted
this invasion, and the pillage of the
glorious temple, as a judgment upon the
king and nation for their idolatrous for-
saking the worship of the Lord, 1 Kings
14:2-27; 2 Chron. 12:1-9.
- SHIT'TAH, the black acacia-tree, about
the size of the mulberry-tree, common in
Upper Egypt, around mount Sinai, and
other parts of Arabia, Isa. 41:19.
- SHIT'TIM, [h] (that turns away, or
scourges, or thorns), a plain or valley on
the east of Jordan, Num. 25:1; Josh.
2:1; Joel 3:18.
- SHITTIM-WOOD, the wood of the
Shittah-tree: it is hard, tough, smooth,
without knots, extremely beautiful, and
almost incorruptible, Exod. 25:5-10;
- SHIVERS, fragments of anything broken,
- SHO'BAB, [h] (returned), a son of David,
2 Sam. 5:14.
- SHO'BACH, [h] (your bonds, chains, or
nets), a general of the Syrians, 2 Sam. 10:
- SHOCK, a bundle of reaped corn, Job 5:
- SHOD, furnished with shoes, 2 Chron.
- SHOD, covered on the feet for travel-
ling, Mark 6:9; or for ornament, Ezek.
16:10. "Shod with the preparation of
the gospel," is to have the mind well
furnished with divine doctrine, for walk-
ing in the ways of God, Eph. 6:15.
- SHOE, the covering of the foot, Exod.
12:11; Josh. 5:15. "Shoes being iron
and brass," denotes divine strength im-
parted for encountering the difficulties
in our course of duty, Exod. 33:25.
- SHONE, did shine, Exod. 34:30;
- SHOOK, did shake, 2 Sam. 6:6; Heb.
- SHOOT, to discharge as an arrow from
a bow, 1 Sam. 20:36: to dart forth, as the
bolt of a door, Exod. 36:33: to pro-
duce branches, Job 8:16; Luke 21:30.
- SHOOTERS, archers, warriors with bows
and arrows, 2 Sam. 11:24.
- SHOOTING, discharging arrows, 1 Chron.
12:2: germinating, Amos 7:1.
- SHORE, the land near the sea, Matt.
13:2-48; Acts 21:5.
- SHORN, shaven, Acts 18:18; 1 Cor.
- SHORT, not long, as in time, 1 Cor. 7:
29: deficient or wanting, Rom. 3:23:
impotent or inefficient, Num. 11:23.
- SHORTENED, reduced, Psal. 102:23:
weakened, Isa. 50:2.
- SHORTER, more limited in length, Isa.
- SHORTLY, soon, in a little time, Jer.
27:16; Acts 25:4.
- SHOT, a bow-shot, the distance which
an arrow might be discharged from a
bow, Gen. 21:16.
- SHOT, discharged from a bow, 2 Sam.
11:24: put forth as the branches of a
tree, Ezek. 17:6; 31:5.
- SHOULDER, the part of the body fit to
bear a burden, Gen. 21:14. The shoulder
of a sheep is the fore-quarter of the beast,
Num. 6:19. To "bow the shoulder,"
is to submit to servitude, Gen. 49:15.
Taking "the burden off the shoulder,"
is delivering from servitude, Isa. 10:27.
The "key laid upon the shoulder," de-
notes authority for government, Isa. 22:
- SHOULDER-BLADE, the chief bone in
the back part of the shoulder, Job 31:
- SHOUT, a loud and triumphant cry,
Num. 23:21; Acts 12:22.
- SHOUT, to cry in triumph or exulta-
tion, Exod. 32:18; Josh. 6:5.
- SHOUTED, did shout, Exod. 32:17;
Ezra 3:11, 12.
- SHOUTING, the exulting cry of a mul-
titude, 2 Sam. 6:15; Zech. 4:7.
- SHOVEL, an instrument with a long
handle and a broad blade or pan, to
gather up corn, Isa. 30:24; or ashes,
- SHOWER, a fall of rain, Ezek. 34:
26; Zech. 10:1.
- SHRANK, did shrink or contract so as
to produce lameness, Gen. 32:32.
- SHRED, to cut or tear into fragments,
2 Kings 4:39.
- SHRINES, images, cases for images, or
miniature temples, Acts 19:24.
- SHROUD, a shelter or cover, Ezek.
- SHRUBS, small bushy trees, Gen. 21:
- SHU'AH, [h] (a pit, or that swims, or that
prays), a son of Abraham by Keturah,
- SHUAH, the wife of Judah, Gen.
- SHUN, to avoid, 2 Tim. 2:16.
- SHU'NEM, [h] (their change, their repeat-
ing, or their sleep), a city of Issachar near
mount Tabor, Josh. 19:18; 2 Kings
- SHUNAMITE, a native of Shunem, 1
Kings 1:3; 2 Kings 4:12.
- SHUR, [h] (wall, ox, or that beholds), a
city of Arabia, on the north-east of the
Red sea: hence the name of the "wil-
derness of Shur," between Egypt and
Canaan, Gen. 16:7; Exod. 15:22; 1 Sam.
- SHU'SHAN, [h] (lily, rose, or joyful), the
royal city of Persia for the winter resi-
dence of its kings, Dan. 8:2; Est. 3:
- SHUSHAN, a musical instrument of six
strings, Psal. 60. title.
- SHUT, to close, as gates, Neh. 13:19;
as with a door, Gen. 7:16: to enclose,
- SHUTTLE, an instrument used in weav-
ing, Job 7:6.
- SIB'BECHAI, [h] (motion, help, or assist-
ance), a mighty man in the army of David,
2 Sam. 21:18.
- SIB'MAH, [h], or SHIBMAH (conversion,
captivity, age, or rust), a city east of Jor-
dan, near Heshbon, and famous for its
wines, Num. 32:38; Josh. 13:19;
Isa. 16:8, 9.
- SICK, afflicted with disease, Gen. 48:
1; Matt. 8:14-16. "The heart is sick"
when it experiences a grievous disap-
pointment, Prov. 13:12. "The nation
is sick" when injustice and crimes pre-
vail, Isa. 1:5.
- SICKLE, a reaping-hook to cut corn,
Deut. 16:9; Mark 4:29.
- SICKLY, unhealthy, 1 Cor. 11:30.
- SICKNESS, disease, Exod. 23:25:
national disorder, Hos. 5:13.
- SID'DIM, [h] (nourishers), an extensive
valley in which the river Jordan flowed,
as some believe, into the Red sea, and in
which were situated the cities of Sodom
and Gomorrah, Admah and Zeboim, Gen.
- SIDE, the part of the body fortified by
the ribs, John 19:34; 20:20, 27: the out
part, Gen. 6:16: the margin or border,
Exod. 2:2: the extreme part, Deut. 4:
32: personal interest, Psal. 118:6.
"This side Jordan" means the eastern
side, as Moses wrote in Arabia, Num.
32:19. "This side the river" means
west of the Euphrates, as Ezra and Ne-
hemiah wrote in Judea, Ezra 5:3; Neh.
- SIDON, [h], or ZIDON, as it is more
correctly called (hunting, fishing, or venison),
the eldest son of Canaan, the grandson
of Noah, Gen. 10:15.
- SIDON, a famous commercial city, the
capital of the Phenicians, built soon after
the deluge, by Sidon, the son of Canaan,
Gen. 10:15, 19; 49:13. On account of
its importance, on the Mediterranean, it
was called Great Sidon, Josh. 11:8, and
was celebrated for its populousness,
wealth, and idolatries, Isa. 23:2, 12;
Acts 12:20. This city lay at the extreme
north-west of Canaan, within the bounds
of the tribe of Asher, Josh. 19:28, but
the natives were never expelled, Judg. 1:
31; they even oppressed Israel, and ex-
ported many of their children as slaves,
when the nation had been corrupted by
idolatry, 10:6, 12; 1 Kings 11:1, 33; Joel
3:38. Sidon also led to the founding of
Tyre, Isa. 23:12, about twenty-five
miles south, and these two cities are
commonly coupled together, Jer. 47:4;
Matt. 11:21. Sidon is still a considerable
trading town, though its harbour has been
filled up; its population is estimated at
about 15,000, of whom 2000 are nominal
Christians: it is now called Saide. See
- SIDONIANS, [h] or ZIDONIANS, the
citizens of Sidon, Deut. 3:9; 1 Kings 11:
- SIEGE, the act of surrounding a forti-
fied place with an army, to compel the
inhabitants to surrender, Deut. 28:53,
55; Jer. 19:9.
- SIEVE, an instrument for separating
the chaff from the wheat, Amos 9:9.
- SIFT, to separate by a sieve, Isa. 30:
28; Luke 22:31. God sifts His people
by various changes and trials for their
spiritual welfare, Amos 9:9.
- SIGH, a silent groan, Lam. 1:4, 21. To
sigh with the breaking of loins is to be in
extreme grief, Ezek. 21:6.
- SIGHED, did sigh, Exod. 2:23; Matt.
- SIGHING, inward groaning, Job 3:24;
- SIGHT, the sense of seeing, Matt. 11:5:
the appearance, Exod. 3:3; 24:17:
open view, Ezek. 12:3: estimation, Num.
- SIGHT OF GOD, his presence, 1 Tim.
6:13: his manifest account, or judgment,
Prov. 3:4; Acts 4:19.
- SIGN, a visible indication, Gen. 1:14:
a token, Judg. 6:17: a mark, Rom. 4:
11: a symbol, Acts 28:11: a pro-
phetic similitude, Ezek. 4:3: a miracle,
Exod. 4:9, 28: a memorial, 31:13.
- SIGN, to mark, as a public warrant
with a writing or seal, Dan. 6:8.
- SIGNED, did sign, as a writing, Dan. 6:
- SIGNET, a seal, Jer. 22:24. Signets
of the ancients were seals in rings, having
stones engraven with some devices, and
they were worn upon the fingers or arms,
Gen. 38:18; Exod. 28:11; Dan.
6:17. See SEAL.
- SIGNIFICATION, meaning or design,
1 Cor. 14:10.
- SIGNIFIED, foretold, Acts 11:28: com-
municated, Rev. 1:1.
- SIGNIFY, to indicate, 1 Pet. 1:11: to
inform, Acts 23:15: to declare, 25:27.
- SIGNIFYING, indicating, John 12:33[;]
- SI'HON, [h], (rooting out or conclusion),
a king of the Amorites slain by the
Israelites under Moses, Num. 21:23[;]
- SI'HOR, [h] (black, trouble, or early in
the morning), the brook Besor, 1 Sam. 30:
9, a small river falling into the Mediter-
ranean on the extreme south of Canaan,
and forming the boundary of it towards
Egypt, Josh. 13:3.
- SIHOR, the celebrated river of Egypt,
the Nile, Jer. 2:18.
- SI'LAS, Σιλας (three or third), the same
as Silvanus, Acts 15:22, 40; 16:25, 29.
- SILENCE, stillness, Job 4:16: con-
fusion, Jer. 8:14; Matt. 22:34: death,
- SILENT, still, Jer. 8:14: restrained,
1 Sam. 2:9; Psal. 30:12.
- SILK, the sacred writers meant fine
cotton or linen, Prov. 31:22; Ezek. 16:
10-13; Rev. 18:12 [serikos]: [O.T. refs.
perhaps] not that elegant
and beautiful cloth, woven from the
material spun by a large species of worm,
and so common to us. Silk was first
brought from Oriental Asia into Greece,
by Alexander the Great; and its pro-
duction to Constantinople, about A. D. 560,
by order of the emperor Justinian: hence
its production in Europe.
- SILO'AH, Neh. 3:15, or SHILOAH, Isa.
8:6. See SHILOAH and SILOAM.
- SI'LOAM, [g] (sent), a fountain under
the eastern wall of Jerusalem, between
the city and the brook Kidron, John 9:
7-11. Siloam is thought to have been
the water-course of Gihon, 2 Chron. 32:
- SILVA'NUS, Σιλουανος (who loves the forest),
a chief preacher among the apostles, and
he became a faithful companion of Paul
in his apostolic labours, 2 Cor. 1:19; 1
Thess. 1:1; 1 Pet. 5:12.
- SILVER, a white and shining metal,
next in value to gold on account of its
purity and ductility, Num. 7:13, 85;
Ezra 7:22; 8:26.
- SILVERLING, a shekel, the standard
silver coin of the Hebrews, Isa. 7:23.
- SILVERSMITH, a worker in silver, a
maker of silver articles, Acts 19:24.
- SIMILITUDE, a resemblance as to the
form, Psal. 106:20: a likeness in spiritual
nature, Jam. 3:9: a likeness of moral
character, Rom. 5:14.
- SIM'EON, [h] (that hears or obeys), a son
of Jacob, by Leah, Gen. 29:33: he
appears to have been a man of a bold,
severe, and implacable temper, 34:
25, 30: and he is thought to have been
the most inhuman towards his brother
Joseph, 37:20, 26; 42:23; 43:23.
- SIMEON (the tribe of): this tribe, on
leaving Egypt, included 59,300 men capa-
ble of bearing arms, Num. 2:23: but it
seems that they had declined, through
their signal guilt, especially in the matter
of Peor, after the example of their
prince Zimri, 25:1-14; so that toward
the end of their sojourning in the desert,
they numbered only 22,200, 26:14.
They were located in part of the inherit-
ance of Judah, Josh. 19:1-9; but many
of them were dispersed as teachers or
scribes among the people, and they never
made a great figure in Israel.
- SIMEON, Συμεων, an aged man of emi-
nent piety at Jerusalem at the time of
the Saviour's birth: he being directed by
the Holy Spirit, came to his presentation
in the temple, where he was inspired to
bear testimony to the Messiahship of
Jesus, Luke 2:25, 35. Simeon is be-
lieved to have been the son of the famous
Jewish doctor Hillel, and teacher of the
celebrated doctor Gamaliel, the preceptor
of the apostle Paul, Acts 5:34; 22:3.
- SIMEON, a son of Levi in the genealogy
of Christ, Luke 3:30.
- SIMEON (Niger), one of the Christian
prophets in the church of Antioch, Acts
13:1. See NIGER.
- SI'MON, Σιμων (that hears or obeys), called
the brother of our Lord, as being the son
of his mother's sister, [Mark] 6:3.   See
ALPHEUS and CLEOPAS.
- SIMON PETER, Matt. 4:18. See
- SIMON ZELOTES, one of the twelve
apostles, Luke 6:15, called the Canaanite,
as he is supposed to have been a native
of Cana in Galilee: but we have no re-
cord of his particular history.
- Simon Zelotes. See THE TWELVE.
- SIMON, the father of Judas Iscariot;
nothing is recorded of him, except his
name in connexion with that of his
guilty son, John 6:71; 12:4.
- SIMON, the Pharisee: this haughty pro-
fessor entertained our Lord at dinner;
but from what is recorded, he does not
appear to have embraced the doctrine of
Christ, Luke 7:36, 50.
- SIMON, the Leper: this person appears
to have been cured of leprosy by our
Saviour, and to have been a grateful
disciple of Christ, Matt. 26:6-13; John
- SIMON, the Cyrenian: this native of
Cyrene, passing on the road, was com-
pelled to carry the cross of Christ to-
ward Calvary: but nothing further is re-
corded of him, except that he was father
of Alexander and Rufus, Matt. 27:
- SIMON, the Sorcerer, a vile impostor
at Samaria, where he had long imposed
upon the people by pretending to divi-
nation: he loved the wages of unright-
eousness, seeking, for the sake of gain,
to possess the power of conferring the
Holy Spirit, Acts 8:9, 24.
- SIMON, the Tanner, the host of the
apostle Peter, at Joppa, Acts 10:5, 17.
- SIMPLE, sincerely harmless, Psal. 116:
6; Rom. 16:19: inexperienced, Psal.
19:7; Prov. 1:4: weakly credulous, 7:
7: rashly inconsiderate, 22:3.
- SIMPLICITY, innocency, 2 Cor. 1:12;
11:3: benevolent liberality, Rom. 12:8:
ignorant credulity, 2 Sam. 15:11.
- SIN, [h] (bush), a desert or wilderness
so named, perhaps from a city in Arabia
Petrea, on the eastern side of the western
gulf of the Red sea, Exod. 16:1; 17:1.
- SIN, a strong city of Egypt, the ancient
Pelusium, on the eastern boundary toward
Palestine: it has been succeeded by the
modern Damietta, Ezek. 30:15, 16.
- SIN, the transgression of, or want of
conformity to, the law of God, 1 John 3:
4; 5:17. Sin is denoted by various words
in the Scriptures: as transgression, it
being a violation of the law of God, Josh.
22:22; iniquity, as injustice against
the law of God, Num. 14:19: wicked-
ness, as a daring opposition to the law of
God, Gen. 6:5: ungodliness, as neglect
of and dislike to the service of God, Rom.
- SIN, in our world, originated in our
first parents, complying with the tempta-
tion of the devil, a fallen spirit, to disobey
the holy law of God, Gen. 3. Adam's
transgression rendered all his posterity
guilty before God, and our nature cor-
rupted; and this depraved state in which
all mankind have been born children of
wrath, Eph. 2:3, constitutes what is
called original sin, the source of all
actual transgressions, and the cause of
misery and death: Rom. 5:12-17. Hence
the necessity of our having a Person of
infinite excellency and worth for a Medi-
ator, who could atone for and put away
sin, and thereby reconcile us to God;
and hence the offices of Jesus Christ as
our surety, who of God is made unto us
wisdom, and righteousness, and sanctifi-
cation, and redemption, 1 Cor. 1:30; Heb.
- SIN, unto death, that of persons whose
guilt is so aggravated as never to be for-
given, 1 John 5:16: this has been con-
sidered as especially intending the un-
pardonable blasphemy against the Holy
Ghost, Matt. 12:24,32. See BLASPHEMY.
- SIN, that dwelleth in me, internal cor-
ruption, over the power of which even
pious men mourn, as did the apostle,
Rom. 7:17; Psal. 51:2.
- SIN, Christ made sin: though holy, He
was made legally accountable for the sins
of the world, and a sin offering, 2 Cor.
5:21; hence His sufferings for us, or His
bearing the punishment of our sins, Isa.
53:10-12; 1 Pet. 2:2.
- SIN, to violate the law of God, Deut.
20:18; Neh. 13:26; Rom. 6:15: to
practise iniquity, 1 John 3:9: to offend
against charity, 1 Sam. 12:23: to injure,
Gen. 42:22; Matt. 18:21.
- SI'NAI, [h] (bush), a mountain of Arabia
Petrea, famous for its being the supposed
place round which the Israelites were
assembled when God gave to them His law
by the ministry of Moses, Exod. 16:1; 19:
1, 2, 20; Lev. 26:46; Gal. 4:25. Sinai
is a summit of the rocky district of
Mount Horeb, on the peninsula formed
by the two arms or gulfs of the Red sea,
about 260 miles from Cairo in Egypt.
There are two lofty peaks in this range
from 6000 to 8000 feet high, Horeb and
Sinai: but travellers are not able to
determine which of them is Sinai proper:
one is called El Tor, or the Mountain,
and the whole mountain range is called
Djebel Mousa, or the Mount of Moses,
by the Arabs, Exod. 3:1-12; Deut. 4:10,
15; 5:2. Superstition has determined
that the more elevated is Sinai, on which
is built a chapel dedicated to St. Catha-
rine, and a monastery to the same saint,
at the foot of the mountain: to visit these
sacred places, travellers are obliged to sub-
mit to various impositions from the Arabs.
- SINCE, after, Gen. 30:30: from the
time that, Exod. 9:18, 24: because that,
1 Cor. 15:21; 2 Cor. 13:3.
- SINCERE, pure, 1 Pet. 2:2: upright,
- SINCERELY, honestly, Judg. 9:16:
benevolently, Phil. 1:16.
- SINCERITY, honesty of intention, Josh.
24:14: freedom from hypocrisy, Eph.
- SINEWS, tendons or natural cords by
which the body is held together, and form
the means of feeling, Job 10:11; Ezek.
37:6-8. Lameness is caused by the
sinews being injured, Gen. 32:32. An
iron sinew denotes an impenitent obsti-
nate mind, Isa. 48:4.
- SINFUL, wicked, Num. 32:14; Luke
24:7: corrupted, Amos 9:8: guilty,
Luke 5:8: abominable, Rom. 7:13:
- SING, to articulate musically, Num. 21:
17; Jam. 5:13: to chant, 1 Sam. 21:11:
to celebrate with psalms, Exod. 15:1;
Psal. 33:2, 3.
- SINGED, scorched, Dan. 3:27.
- SINGER, one who sings in a choir, 1
Chron. 6:33. Singers were numerous
in the service of the tabernacle under
David, 1 Kings 10:12; 1 Chron. 6:32;
13:8; and of the temple under Solomon,
2 Chron. 5:3.
- SINGING: this delightful part of Divine
worship, both public and private, is sanc-
tioned by the example of Christ, Matt.
26:30; and of the early Christians,
Eph. 5:19; Col. 3:16.
- SINGING-MEN, choirs for the taber-
nacle and temple services, 2 Sam. 19:
35; 2 Chron. 35:25; Neh. 7:6.
- SINGLE, clear or bright, as relating to
the eye, Matt. 6:22.
- SINGLENESS, simplicity of mind and
sincerity of heart, Acts 2:46; Eph. 6:5.
- SINGULAR, particular or unusual, Lev.
- SINK, to descend, as in the water, Matt.
14:30: to fall as from a state of grandeur,
- SINNED, did sin, Exod. 9:34: trans-
gressed, Rom. 2:.
- SINNER, a transgressor, Prov. 11:31;
Isa. 65:20: a backslider, Jam. 5:20.
- SI'ON, [h] (noise or tumult), one of the
names of Mount Hermon, which was the
southernmost elevation of Lebanon, on
the north-east of Canaan, Deut. 4:48;
3:9. See HERMON and LEBANON.
- SION, Σιων, Heb. [h] (monument or turret),
the highest hill of Jerusalem, not far
from mount Moriah, on which the temple
of Solomon was erected, 2 Sam. 5:7; Heb.
12:22; Rev. 14:1. See ZION.
- SIR, a title of respect in addressing a
superior or stranger, Gen. 43:20; John
4:11; Rev. 7:14.
- SI'RION, [h] (a breastplace, or song of the
dove), the name by which the Sidonians
called mount Hermon, Deut. 3:9; Psal.
- SIRNAME, a title added to the principal
name of a person, Matt. 10:3; Acts 12:
- SIRNAME, to assume another name,
- SIRNAMED, named additionally, Isa.
45:4; Mark 3:16, 17; Acts 15:22.
- SIS'ERA, [h] (that sees a horse or a
swallow), a general of the Canaanites,
under king Jabin: he was destroyed as
an enemy of Israel and of God, by Jael,
the wife of Heber the Kenite, Judg. 4:2;
- SISTER, a woman born of the same
parents, Gen. 30:1; Exod. 2:4: a female
relative, Gen. 24:59, 60: a niece, as
Sarah, Abraham's wife, was Iscah, his
brother Haran's daughter, Gen. 11:29;
20:12: a female of the same religious
community, Rom. 16:1; Jam. 2:15.
Jerusalem is called the sister of the cities
Samaria and Sodom, as being equal to
them in idolatry and wickedness, Ezek.
16:2, 46, 51.
- SISTER-IN-LAW, husband or wife's
sister, Ruth 1:15.
- SIT, to repose the body, as in taking
food, 1 Sam. 9:22; Luke 9:14; in giving
judgment, Ruth 4:1; in giving instruc-
tion, Matt. 23:2; in partaking of the
Lord's supper, 26:20; in the blessed-
ness of heaven, Luke 13:29.
- SITH, since, or as, Ezek. 35:6.
- SITTING, reposing for rest, Judg. 3:
20: stationed in office, Matt. 9:9: seated
for ease, Neh. 2:6: brooding, Deut. 22:6.
- SITUATE, placed, as a city near the
sea or a river, Ezek. 27:3; Nah. 3:8.
- SITUATION, position, or place, as of a
city, 2 Kings 2:19; Psal. 48:2.
- SIVAN, the third month of the Jewish
sacred year, Esth. 8:9. See MONTH.
- SIX, a number, twice three, Num. 7:
3; 2 Sam. 21:20.
- SIXTEEN, six and ten, Exod. 26:25;
2 Kings 15:33.
- SIXTEENTH, the sixth from the tenth,
1 Chron. 24:14.
- SIXTY, six times ten, Gen. 5:15, 21.
- SIZE, bulk, comparative magnitude,
Exod. 36:9; 1 Kings 6:25.
- SKIES, the regions above the clouds,
2 Sam. 22:12: the clouds, Isa. 45:8.
- SKILFUL, ingenious, 2 Chron. 2:14:
intelligent, Dan. 1:4: dexterous and bold,
1 Chron. 5:18.
- SKILFULLY, with skill, dexterously,
- SKILFULNESS, art, ability, dexterity,
- SKILL, intelligence or practical wisdom,
Dan. 1:17; 9:22.
- SKILL, to be ingenious in handicraft
employment, 1 Kings 5:6; 2 Chron. 2:7.
- SKIN, the natural covering of our flesh,
Job 2:4; Ezek. 37:6: the hide of a
beast, Num. 19:5: the natural com-
plexion, Jer. 13:23. To flay off the skin
is to oppress extremely, Mic. 3:2, 3.
Escaping with the skin of one's teeth,
indicates loss of everything but life, Job
19:20. Skin for skin is a proverbial
expression denoting the preciousness of
life, Job 2:4.
- SKIP, to leap, Psal. 29:6; Jer. 48:27.
- SKIRT, the lower part of a garment,
1 Sam. 15:27. A man spreading his skirt
over a woman refers to an ancient cere-
mony of marriage, Ruth 3:9; Ezek. 16:8.
- SKULL, the bone that encompasses the
head, Judg. 9:53; 2 Kings 9:35.
- SKY, the visible heavens, Job 37:
18; Heb. 11:12.
- SLACK, inactive, Josh. 18:3: delay-
ing, 2 Pet. 3:9: niggardly, Psal. 10:4.
- SLACK, to delay, Deut. 23:21: to
restrain, 2 Kings 4:24.
- SLACKNESS, delay, 2 Pet. 3:9.
- SLAIN, killed, Gen. 4:23: assassinated,
- SLAIN, dead, Gen. 34:27; 1 Sam.
- SLANDER, a false invective, Prov. 10:
18: an evil report, Num. 14:36.
- SLANDERER, one who publishes a false
or evil report, 1 Tim. 3:11; 2 Sam. 19:37.
- SLANDEROUSLY, falsely, calumniously,
- SLANG, did sling, 1 Sam. 18:49.
- SLAVE, a servant in bondage, as the
property of another, Jer. 2:14; Rev. 18:
13. See SERVANT.
- SLAUGHTER, destruction in war, 1 Sam.
14:14: death, as of a beast by the
butcher, Acts 8:32: massacre, Acts 9:
1: feasting at victory in a war, Jam. 5:5.
- SLAY, to kill, Gen. 18:25: to murder,
- SLAYER, a murderer, Num. 35:11,
- SLAYING, slaughtering, as beasts by the
butcher, Isa. 22:13: murdering, Judg.
- SLEEP, natural rest by night, Gen.
28:16; Dan. 2:1: negligence or inac-
tivity, Rom. 13:11: death, John 11:11 [body].
- SLEEP, to repose by night, Eccles. 5:
12: to be regardless, 1 Cor. 11:30; Eph.
5:14: to be dead, 1 Thess. 4:14 [body].
- SLEEPER, one who sleeps, careless and
negligent, Jon. 1:6.
- SLEEPING, reposing in sleep, Acts 12:
6: careless, Mark 13:36.
- SLEIGHT, craft or deceit, Eph. 4:14.
- SLEPT, did sleep, Gen. 41:5: did rest
in the grave, 1 Cor. 15:20 [body].
- SLEW, did slay or kill, as in war, Judg.
1:4; 3:29: did murder, Gen. 4:8; Jer.
- SLIDE, to slip with the feet in walking,
Deut. 32:35: to fall from duty by
error of sin, Psal. 26:1; 37:31.
- SLIGHTLY, negligently, or unsoundly,
Jer. 6:14; 8:11.
- SLIME, viscous mire, Gen. 11:3; Exod.
2:3. That mentioned by Moses was a
kind of bitumen or mineral pitch. See
- SLIME-PITS, holes in the earth abound-
ing in various parts of Canaan and the
vicinity of Babylon, Gen. 14:10.
- SLING, a string contrived with a loop
for the throwing of stones in battle, 1
Sam. 17:4, 50; 2 Chron. 26:16.
- SLINGERS, men trained for war by
slinging stones, Judg. 26:16; 2 Kings
- SLIP, to slide, Job 12:5: to fall off,
Deut. 19:5: to escape, as divine truths
or promises from the mind, Heb. 2:1.
- SLIPPERY, dangerous, Psal. 73:18;
- SLOTHFUL, indolent or lazy, Judg.
18:9; Prov. 15:19.
- SLOTHFULNESS, indolence or negli-
gence, Prov. 19:15; Eccles. 10:18.
- SLOW, not quick, Exod. 4:10: not
hasty, Neh. 9:17: disinclined, Luke
24:25. Slowness of speech is difficulty
of utterance, Exod. 4:10. Slow to
wrath, is being not hasty to punish, Neh.
9:17; Prov. 14:29.
- SLOWLY, not quickly, tardily, Acts
- SLUGGARD, an idler, a lazy person,
Prov. 6:6; 20:4
- SLUICE, a water-gate or flood-gate, Isa.
- SLUMBER, light sleep, Psal. 122:4;
Prov. 6:4, 10: carelessness, negligence
of duty or of interest, Rom. 11:8.
- SLUMBER, to sleep lightly, Psal. 121:
3, 4: to be careless, Isa. 5:27; Nah. 3:18.
- SMALL, little, as in size, John 2:15;
6:9: as in comparison, 2 Sam. 7:19:
as in importance, Gen. 30:16: as in
violence, Acts 27:20.
- SMALLEST, least in importance, 1 Sam.
9:21; 1 Cor. 6:2.
- SMART, to endure pain or loss, Prov.
- SMELL, scent or odour, Gen. 27:27;
- SMELL, to perceive by the nostrils,
Deut. 4:28: to approve, as the holy
incense, Lev. 26:31; Amos 5:21
- SMELLED, did smell, Gen. 27:27:
did approve, as perceiving sincerity, 8:21.
- SMELLING, the sense of smelling, 1
- SMELLING, odoriferous, Eph. 5:2.
- SMITE, to strike, Exod. 7:17; 21:18,
20: to wound, 1 Sam. 18:11; 20:33:
to kill, Exod. 12:12. To smite a city, is
to besiege or attack it, Josh. 7:3; 10:4.
To smite an army, is to attack and con-
quer it, Judg. 6:16. To smite with the
tongue, is to reproach or calumniate, Jer.
- SMITERS, those who smite or inflict
punishment, Isa. 50:6.
- SMITH, one who works in metal, as in
iron, 1 Sam. 13:19; Isa. 44:12; or in
silver, Acts 19:24; or in copper, 2 Tim.
- SMITING, striking, Exod. 3:11; 1
Kings 20:37: vanquishing, as an army,
2 Sam. 8:13; 2 Kings 3:24.
- SMITTEN, beaten, Exod. 22:2: de-
feated, 1 Sam. 4:2, 3: killed, 1 Kings 11:
15: destroyed, 1 Sam. 30:1: afflicted,
- SMOKE, the black exhalation from any-
thing burning, Gen. 19:28; Rev. 18:9,
18: fume or vapour, Job 41:20: indica-
tions of the glory of God, Exod. 19:18,
especially to bless, Isa. 4:5; 6:4. In-
dications of the torment of lost souls are
called smoke, [Rev.] 14:11.
- SMOKE, to emit black exhalations, Psal.
104:32: to be angry, Deut. 29:20.
- SMOKING, emitting smoke, Gen. 15:7:
burning, Exod. 20:18.
- SMOOTH, even or soft, Gen. 27:11:
not rough, 1 Sam. 17:40: flattering,
not reproving, Isa. 30:10.
- SMOOTHER, more soft and flattering,
- SMOTE, did smite, Gen. 19:11; Num.
- SMYR'NA, Σμυρνα (myrrh), a city of
Asia Minor, about forty miles north of
Ephesus, famous for its having been
thought the birthplace of Homer, but
more so as having contained one of the
seven churches of Asia, specially ad-
dressed by Jesus Christ, Rev. 1:11; 2:8.
Polycarp is supposed by some to have
been the angel or bishop of this Christian
congregation addressed by John, as he
sustained that office some years after-
wards, and was martyred here, A.D. 160,
at the age of 95. Smyrna is now the
principal emporium of trade in the Le-
vant; it is called by the Turks Ismir,
and the population is estimated to in-
clude 70,000 Turks, 30,000 Greeks, 15,000
Armenians, 10,000 Jews, 5000 Franks,
Go to index.htm or Previous or Next