Bible Dictionary: W. 1840
- WAFERS, thin cakes made of fine flour
prepared with pure oil, Exod. 16:31;
Lev. 2:4: these formed part of the offer-
ings at the consecration of the priests,
Exod. 29:2, 23; in the meat-offerings,
Lev. 2:4; thank-offerings, 7:12; and
Nazarites' offerings, Num. 6:19.
- WAG, to shake, as the hand or the
head in contempt and scorn, Jer. 18:
16; Zeph. 2:15.
- WAGES, pay for service or labour, Gen.
29:15; 31:7; Exod. 2:9; John 4:36;
2 Cor. 11:8; 2 Pet. 2:15. Death is the
wages of sin, Rom. 6:23.
- WAGGING, shaking, as the head, to
offer insult, Matt. 27:39.
- WAGGON, a strong carriage for the con-
veyance of heavy burdens, Num. 7:3-8;
Gen. 46:19; Ezek. 23:24.
- WAIL, to cry loudly, as in deep afflic-
tion, Ezek. 32:18; Rev. 1:7.
- WAILED, did wail, Mark 5:38.
- WAILING, loud crying in lamentation,
Esth. 4:3; Jer. 9:10-20; Matt. 13:12.
- WAIT, ambush or stratagem, as an
enemy for mischief, Num. 35:20, 22;
or as a robber, for plunder, Jer. 9:8.
- WAIT, to stay or tarry, as for an ex-
pected event, Job 14:14; or for a bless-
ing, Acts 1:4; Gal. 5:5: to attend, as in
service, Num. 3:10; Rom. 12:7: to ob-
serve, as God waits to be gracious, adapt-
ing his blessings to our seasons of need,
- WAITED, did wait, or stay for, 1 Kings
20:38; Acts 10:24: did attend, as in ser-
vice, 2 Kings 5:2; Acts 10:7: did expect
or hope for, Mark 15:43.
- WAITING, staying, John 5:3; 1 Cor. 1:
7: attending, as in service, Num. 8:25.
- WAKE, to watch, Psal. 127:1: to
arise from sleep, 139:18; Joel 3:9.
- WAKED, did rouse up as from sleep,
- WAKEN, to arouse, to excite, Isa. 50:4.
- WAKENED, aroused, Zech. 4:1; Joel
- WAKING, watching, sleepless, Psal.
- WALK, to move or go on the feet, Gen.
13:17; Exod. 21:19: to act, as in the
course of life, Gen. 24:40; as in the
service of God, Exod. 16:4; Deut. 5:33;
1 Kings 3:14; Psal. 86:11. God
walks with men when, in their obedience
to his ordinances, he manifestly blesses
them, Lev. 26:12. He walks "in the
circuit of heaven," Job 22:14, or "on
the wings of the wind," by his evident
providence, Psal. 104:3.
- WALKED, did walk, as on foot, Exod.
14:29; Mark 16:12: did sojourn, as
Israel during forty years in the Arabian
deserts, Josh. 5:6: did act, as in a course
of life wickedly, 1 Sam. 8:3; 1 Kings
15:24; Eph. 2:2; or piously, 2 Kings
22:2; 2 Chron. 11:17. Enoch and Noah
"walked with God;" they observed His
ordinances and, by faith, glorified Him,
Gen. 5:24; 6:9.
- WALKING, going on foot, Eccles. 10:7;
Matt. 14:25, 26: acting, as in holy obedi-
ence, Luke 1:6; or in wickedness, 2 Pet.
3:3: moving, as the Moon in its orbit
round the Earth, Job 31:26.
- WALL, the side of a building, 1 Sam.
18:11; 20:25: a fence of brick or
stone, as of a city, Josh. 2:15; 6:5; Neh.
1:3; Acts 9:25; or of a garden or field,
Prov. 24:31. The Levitical ceremo-
nies were as a wall of separation between
the Israelites and Gentiles: but these
being abolished by the priesthood of
Christ, the "partition" was broken down,
- WALLED, enclosed or fenced with a
wall, as a city, Lev. 25:30; Num. 13:
- WALLOW, to roll or turn, as with grief,
Jer. 5:26; 25:34; or in filthiness, 48:
- WALLOWED, did wallow or roll, as a
wounded warrior in his blood, 2 Sam. 20:
12; or a demoniac in his vexation, Mark
- WALLOWING, rolling, as a swine in the
mire, 2 Pet. 2:22.
- WANDER, to travel without a settled
habitation, Gen. 20:13; Num. 14:33: to
deviate from divine truth and ordinances,
Psal. 119:10; as to idolatry, Jer. 14:
- WANDERED, did wander, or travel des-
titute of a home, Gen. 21:14; Heb. 11:
- WANDERING, a travelling, as David's
when driven by persecution, Psal. 56:8.
- WANDERING, travelling, as a stranger
having lost his way, Gen. 37:15:
rambling, as in idleness, 1 Tim. 5:13.
- WANT, necessity, or destitution of tem-
poral supplies, Deut. 15:3; 28:48, 57;
Prov. 6:11, Phil. 4:11.
- WANT, to be destitute, Psal. 23:1;
Ezek. 4:17: to fail of, Prov. 9:4.
- WANTING, failing, 2 Kings 10:19: being
deficient, Dan. 5:27; Jam. 1:4.
- WANTON, licentious, impudent, Isa. 3:
16; 1 Tim. 5:11; Jam. 5:5.
- WANTONNESS, licentiousness, Rom.
13:13; 2 Pet. 2:18.
- WAR, violence of hostile nations, Exod.
1:10; 13:17. Human depravity by sin has
originated a continued series of wars; so
that the whole course of history is but as a
detail of human wickedness and violence,
even in the records of the sacred Scrip-
tures, Jam. 4:1. See the books of
JOSHUA, JUDGES, SAMUEL, and KINGS.
- WAR, to make war, as against a nation,
2 Chron. 6:34: to besiege or attack, as
a city, 2 Kings 16:5: to command an
army, 2 Sam. 22:35: to contend, as
against sin and evil spirits, 2 Cor. 10:3; 1
- WARRED, did make war, Num. 31:
7; Josh. 24:9; 2 Kings 6:8.
- WARRING, besieging, as a city by an
army, 2 Kings 19:8: opposing, as passion
against grace in the heart, Rom. 7:23.
- WARRIORS, soldiers, men trained or dis-
ciplined for war, 1 Kings 12:21; Isa. 9:5.
- WARD, an apartment or division of a
large building, Acts 12:10: a place or
state of custody, as in a prison, Gen. 40:3;
42:17; Ezek. 19:9; a guard or garrison
of soldiers, Isa. 21:8; Jer. 37:13; of
the Levites, 1 Chron. 26:16.
- WARDROBE, the official garments, or
the apartment in the temple for the pre-
servation of the robes of the priests and
Levites, 2 Kings 22:14.
- WARE, merchandise, or goods for sale,
as at a mart, Neh. 10:31; 13:16-20; Ezek.
27:16; Jon. 1:5.
- WARE, did wear, Luke 8:27.
- WARE, aware, or apprehensive, Matt.
24:50; Acts 14:6: distrustful, 2 Tim.
- WARFARE, military service, 1 Sam.
28:1; 1 Cor. 9:7: spiritual conflict,
the contest of ministers of the gospel for
the kingdom of Christ, 2 Cor. 10:4; 1 Tim.
- WARM, heated, as the body for com-
fortable health, 2 Kings 4:34; Eccles. 4:
- WARM, to heat, as for health, Isa. 44:
15, 16; or for the hatching of eggs, Job
- WARMED, did warm or heat, Mark 14:
- WARMED, made warm, as with cloth-
ing, Job 31:20; or by fire, Jam. 2:16.
- WARMING, heating, or making warm,
- WARN, to admonish, 2 Chron. 19:10;
Ezek. 3:18, 21; Acts 20:31.
- WARNED, admonished, informed or in-
structed, as how to avoid sin or evil, or
to perform some duty, Ezek. 3:21; Matt.
3:7; Heb. 11:7.
- WARNING, a notice to avoid evil, Jer.
6:10; Ezek. 3:17, 18.
- WARNING, admonishing, Col. 1:28.
- WARP, a set of threads in cloth, which,
in weaving it, crosses another set, or the
woof, Lev. 13:48.
- WAS, the past sense of "To be;" as
every work was good when it was made
by the word of God, Gen. 1:3, 31.
- WASH, to cleanse with water, Gen.
18:4: to bathe, Exod. 2:5: to pardon
and purify, as spiritual blessings were
implored by David, after his awful trans-
gressions, Psal. 51:2-7: to cleanse, by a
return to holiness, as wicked men are
commanded, Jer. 2:22; 4:14.
- WASHED, did wash with water, as the
feet after travelling, Gen. 43:24; Judg.
19:21: did bathe, as wounds for the pur-
pose of healing, Act 16:33: did pardon
and sanctify, as Christ, by virtue of His
sacrifice and grace, blesses the redeemed,
- Washed. "the blood of Jesus Christ
his Son cleanseth us from all sin[,]"
1 John 1:7.
- WASHED, cleansed with water, Ezek.
16:4; Acts 9:37; 1 Tim. 5:10: regene-
rated or purified, 1 Cor. 6:11.
- WASHING, the act of cleansing, as
clothes, Neh. 4:24; or domestic utensils,
Matt. 7:4; Heb. 9:10. Regeneration
by the word and Spirit of God is called
"washing[,]" Tit. 3:5.
- WASHING, cleansing, 2 Sam. 11:2; Luke
- WASH-POT, a vessel to bathe the feet
in; to which the Psalmist likens Moab,
- WASTE, a desert, as uncultivated or
barren land, to which state some ancient
cities have been reduced through the
wickedness of their inhabitants, Jer.
49:13: useless expenditure, Matt.
- WASTE, desert or barren, as the deserts
of Arabia, Deut. 32:10: void or empty
of inhabitants, Jer. 46:19; Ezek. 5:14;
- WASTE, to make desert or barren, Mic.
5:6; Jer. 50:21.
- WASTE, to become less or to fail, 1
- WASTED, did lay waste, or ravage, 1
Chron. 20:1: did expend, Luke 15:13:
did injure, or destroy, as by persecution,
- WASTED, expended, Luke 16:1: de-
stroyed, Num. 14:33; Deut. 2:14; Isa.
- WASTENESS, barrenness or solitude,
- WASTER, a destroyer, as a spendthrift,
Prov. 18:9; as a dreadful desolating
conqueror, Isa. 54:16.
- WASTING, desolation or crime, Isa. 59:
- WATCH, a band of soldiers to guard, as
a city watching during part of the night,
Judg. 7:19; Neh. 4:9; Matt. 27:65,
66: a band of Levites on sacred duty,
Neh. 12:9: a part of the night, or about
three or four hours, in which one band of
soldiers continued on guard, Exod. 14:
24; 1 Sam. 11:11; Psal. 90:4; Matt. 14:
25: guard or care by watching, as shep-
herds in the night, Luke 2:8. Watches
in the night were reckoned by the Jews
only three, but four by the Romans: the
first began about six o'clock in the even-
ing; the second about nine; the third
about twelve; and the fourth about three
o'clock till six in the morning, Matt. 14:
- WATCH, to keep awake, as the porter
at a gate, Mark 13:34, 37; as a guard
or sentinel on duty, Isa. 21:5; or as
those who have difficult services to per-
form, Matt. 24:42; 1 Cor. 16:13; 2
Tim. 4:5: to observe carefully, 1 Sam.
19:11; Psal. 37:32; Rev. 16:5.
- WATCHED, did watch or observe
narrowly, Mark 3:2; Luke 20:20; Acts
- WATCHER, a celestial guard, as an
angel, Dan. 4:13-17: a spy, Jer. 4:16.
- WATCHFUL, diligently, observant, Rev.
- WATCHING, the act of looking or wait-
ing, as in various labours, Lam. 4:17; 2
Cor. 6:5; 11:27.
- WATCHING, observing or waiting, 1
Sam. 4:13: guarding, Matt. 27:54.
- WATCHMAN, a sentinel, 2 Sam. 4:25;
Psal. 127:1; Ezek. 33:2. Ezekiel,
the prophet, was a spiritual sentinel or
watchman to the Jews, Ezek. 3:17.
Ministers of the gospel are, in prophetic
language, spiritual watchmen, Isa. 62:6.
- WATCH-TOWER, a lofty building, as a
castle in a city, 2 Chron. 20:24: a mili-
tary platform, Isa. 21:5, 8.
- WATER, that liquid element essential
to life and health, Gen. 16:7; 2 Kings 2:
19: rain, Job 24:11: necessary drink,
1 Sam. 25:11; Isa. 33:16. Water
being, in hot countries especially, essen-
tial to human life, a spring or fountain,
not dependent on the flowing of a river,
was valuable in the highest degree, and
called "living water:" hence many of the
most striking images are taken from
water to represent spiritual blessings.
Divine grace is called "living water[,]"
and a [well] "rivers of living water" in the soul,
John 4:10, 11; 7:38: communicating
the blessings of the Holy Spirit is repre-
sented as pouring, or sprinkling water on
the worshippers of God, Isa. 44:3 [yatsaq]; Ezek.
36:25 [zaraq]. [Church renovation] is called the
"washing of water by the word," Eph.
5:26. God, as the source of blessings, is
called the "[F]ountain of living waters,"
Jer. 2:13; and divine succours in ex-
treme need, or to promote peculiar joys,
are denoted by supplies of water, Isa. 12:
3; 41:17. Gospel-blessings are offered
to mankind under the same figurative
- WATER, to moisten, as the ground of
gardens to promote vegetation, Gen. 2:10;
Deut. 11:10; Isa. 55:10: to supply beasts
for drink, Gen. 29:7: to wet, as with
tears, Psal. 6:6; or with blood of slain
men, Ezek. 32:6.
- WATER-BROOKS, small rivulets, Psal.
- WATER-COURSES, the beds of rivers,
sometimes dry, 2 Chron. 32:30; Isa.
- WATER-FLOODS, excessive floods after
heavy rains; to which calamities are
likened, Psal. 69:15.
- WATER-POT, a jar or jug, John 4:
28. Two firkins would be about fifteen
gallons, the lowest computed measure of
those water-pots at Cana, 2:6, 7.
- WATER-SPOUTS, collections of water
carried into the air by whirlwinds, and
falling in dangerous effusions at sea or on
land: they are frequent in Canaan and
other countries; and to these afflictions
are likened, Psal. 42:7.
- WATER-SPRINGS, wells or fountains,
making ground to be fruitful, Psal. 107:
- WATERS, collections of waters, as seas,
Gen. 1:2-9; or overflowings of rivers,
Judg. 5:19; 2 Kings 5:12. Nations or
multitudes of people are represented as
waters, Rev. 17:15. Unlawful gratifi-
cations are called "stolen waters," Prov.
- WAVE, a billow of the sea, Jam. 1:6;
Acts 27:41. Afflictions are compared
to waves of the sea, Psal. 42:7; and the
turbulence of excited people, 93:3, 4.
- WAVE, to move to and fro, as in pre-
senting an offering before God, Exod. 29:24-26.
- WAVED, moved to and fro, as an offer-
ing to God, Lev. 14:21.
- WAVER, to be unsettled or undecided
in mind, Jam 1:6.
- WAVERING, hesitating or changing,
Heb. 10:23; Jam. 1:6.
- WAX, a substance formed by bees, well
known for its melting and cementing
qualities, Psal. 22:14; Mic. 1:4.
- WAX, to grow or become, as heated,
Job 6:17; as incensed to anger, Exod.
22:24; as increased in wealth or fallen
to poverty, Lev. 25:47; or declined in
holy affection, Matt. 24:12; or strength-
ened in wicked courses, 2 Tim. 3:13.
- WAXED, did become, as rich, Gen. 26:
13; or powerful, Exod. 1:7; or excited,
32:19; or courageous, Acts 13:46.
- WAXEN, become, Gen. 18:12; Jer. 5:
- WAXING, growing or becoming, Phil.
- WAY, a road for travellers, 1 Kings
18:6; Luke 10:31: a course of progress
or motion, as of a bird or ship, Prov. 30:
19: an enterprise or adventure, Gen.
24:42: a journey, 45:25: a course of
life or conduct, Deut. 31:29; 1 Sam. 12:
23; Jer. 6:16; Matt. 7:13, 14: profession,
as that of Christian, Acts 9:2; 22:4:
method of action or operation, Eccles. 11:
5. God's way are His works of creation,
Job 40:19; the dispensations of His pro-
vidence, Isa. 55:8, 9; and His precepts
and doctrines: obedience to these is the
way of wisdom, Prov. 3:17. Christ is
the way, as He is our Mediator with God,
and our only infallible Instructor, by His
word, His example, and His Spirit, John
- WAY-FARING, journeying or travelling,
Judg. 19:17; Isa. 33:8.
- WAY-MARKS, pillars or other tokens to
show the way to travellers, Jer. 31:21.
- WEAK, feeble in strength, Judg. 16:7:
necessitous, Acts 20:35; 2 Thess. 5:14:
doubtful, Rom. 14:1-21: useless, Gal. 4:
9. Weak consciences are such as are not
invigorated by a matured knowledge of
the truth, 1 Cor. 8:12; 9:22.
- WEAK-HANDED, unarmed, or unpro-
vided with the means of defence, 2 Sam.
- WEAKEN, to make weak or impoverish,
Job 12:21; Isa. 14:12; Jer. 38:4.
- WEAKENED, did weaken, as by disease,
Psal. 102:23: did discourage, Ezra 4:4;
- WEAKER, more depressed, or more
destitute of resources, 2 Sam. 3:1: less
capable of rule or government, 1 Pet. 3:7.
- WEAKNESS, feebleness or infirmity, 1
Cor. 2:3; Heb. 11:34: inefficacy, 7:18:
small displays of power or glory, as the
proud philosophers of Greece alleged
the want of human dignity in the ministry
of the gospel, or in the way of salvation
by Christ, 1 Cor. 1:25. See INFIRMITY.
- WEALTH, riches, property in general,
Gen. 34:29; Deut. 8:17, 18; Ruth
2:1: gain or profit, Acts 19:25: advan-
tage, 1 Cor. 10:24.
- WEALTHY, rich, abounding in the
means of wealth, Psal. 66:12; Jer. 49:
- WEANED, did wean, or take from the
breast, as a sucking child, 1 Kings 11:20;
- WEANED, taken from the breast, 1 Sam.
1:22. Children, among the Hebrews,
were weaned from the breast at any age
from one to about three years old, Gen.
21:8; from the nurse at about seven,
1 Sam. 1:22; from childish occupations at
about twelve, Luke 2:42.
- WEAPON, an offensive instrument, as
an arrow, Gen. 27:3; as spears, 2
Kings 11:10, 11; as swords and staves,
John 18:3; Matt. 27:47. Evan-
gelical weapons, in the Christian warfare,
are only the words of divine truth; but
these are mighty through the grace of
God, 2 Cor. 10:4.
- WEAR, to use as clothes, Deut. 22:5;
1 Sam. 22:18: to decline or waste, as
human strength, Exod. 18:18; or as
daylight in the evening, Luke 9:12.
- Wear. "The woman shall not wear that
which pertaineth unto a man, neither shall
a man put on a woman's garment: for all
that do so are abomination unto the LORD
thy God." (Deut. 22:5)
- WEARIED, did fatigue or waste strength,
Gen. 19:11; Jer. 12:5.
- WEARIED, worn with fatigue, John 4:
6; Heb. 12:3.
- WEARINESS, fatigue, Eccles. 12:12; 2
- WEARING, using, as clothes or robes,
1 Sam. 14:3; John 19:5; 1 Pet. 3:5.
- WEARISOME, distressing, as fatiguing
with pain, Job 7:3.
- WEARY, fatigued, as with labour or
exercise, Judg. 4:31; 2 Sam. 16:14:
displeased, as with some afflictions or
providential discipline, Job 10:1; Prov. 3:
11: distressed, as by the wicked manners
of the ungodly, Gen. 27:46.
- WEASEL, a small animal, remarkable
for its enmity to serpents, rats, and mice:
though the mole is believed to be [perhaps] in-
tended by the word rendered weasel,
used only once in Scripture, Lev. 11:29.
- WEATHER, the state of the air, as fair,
Job 37:22; or cold weather, Prov.
- WEAVE, to form by texture, as in net-
work, or in making cloth, Isa. 19:9; or
plait, as with the hair, Judg. 16:16.
- WEAVER, a man who makes cloth by
weaving, Exod. 35:35; Job 7:6.
- WEB, a texture, as cloth woven in a
loom, Isa. 59:6; as a spider's web, Job
8:14. Samson's hair was formed into a
web by plaiting, Judg. 16:13, 14.
- WEDDING, the marriage ceremony, or
the festival of marriage, Matt. 22:3-11;
- Wedding. See Biblical Counseling.
- WEDGE, a short bar thin at one end,
as for the cleaving of wood: a wedge of
gold, is an ingot or mass, cast nearly in
the form of a wedge, Josh. 7:21, 24; Isa.
- WEDLOCK, the state or bond of mar-
riage, Ezek. 16:38.
- Wedlock. See Biblical Counseling.
- WEEDS, noxious plants, growing in the
sea, as well as on land, Jon. 2:5.
- WEEK, seven days, as from sabbath to
sabbath, the time in which Jacob kept
the marriage-feast for Leah, before he
received Rachel, Gen. 29:27, 28; Luke
- WEEK OF YEARS, or sabbath of years,
a period of seven years, seven of which
periods issued in a jubilee, Lev. 25:3-8.
See JUBILEE. SABBATH.
- WEEKS OF YEARS. Daniel was inspired
to record, that "Seventy weeks[,]" or weeks
of years, as is agreed by all commentators
of reputation, denoting 490 years, were
decreed to be terminated by the eventful
death of the Messiah, Dan. 9:24, 25.
Commentators are not perfectly agreed
as to the commencement of that period,
some reckoning from the seventh year of
Artaxerxes, in which the royal commis-
sion was given to Ezra, to restore the
Jewish services in the temple, Ezra 7:
7, 26; and others from the twentieth
year, when Nehemiah was commissioned
to rebuild Jerusalem, Neh. 2:1. "Seventy
weeks of years, or 490 years, which
reckoned from the seventh year of
Artaxerxes, coinciding with the 4256th
year of the Julian Period, and in the
month Nisan, in which Ezra was com-
missioned to restore the Jewish state and
polity, will bring us to the month Nisan
of the 4746th year of the same period, or
A.D. 33, the very month and year in which
our LORD suffered and completed the
work of our redemption."
- WEEP, to lament with tears, Gen. 23:
2: to be sorrowful, Luke 6:21, 25: to
sympathise, Rom. 12:15.
- WEEPING, lamentation, Deut. 34:
8; Esth. 4:3; Matt. 8:12.
- WEEPING, sorrowing with tears, Num.
25:6; John 11:33.
- WEIGH, examine heaviness, 1 Chron.
20:2; Ezra 8:29: to inspect or observe,
Prov. 16:2; Isa. 26:7.
- WEIGHED, did weigh, as money, Gen.
23:16; 2 Sam. 14:26; Ezra 8:25.
- WEIGHED, examined as to heaviness,
1 Sam. 17:7: examined as to life and
character, Dan. 5:27.
- WEIGHING, examining as to heaviness,
Num. 7:85, 86.
- WEIGHT, heaviness, Gen. 43:21;
Exod. 30:34: a standard for weighing
articles of trade, Lev. 19:35; as bread,
26:26; or jewels, Judg. 8:26; 2 Sam.
12:30; 1 Chron. 28:14; a burden or
hindrance, as an unnecessary or sinful
engagement, Heb. 12:1. "Weight of
glory," denotes the excellency and splen-
dour of the heavenly state, 2 Cor. 4:17.
- WEIGHTIER, more important or neces-
sary, as the essential duties of morality
above all ceremonial observances, Matt.
- WEIGHTS: these the Hebrews regu-
lated by the shekel, which was their
standard weight: and this was their chief
money, which in traffic they weighed for
ages before they had any coins, as a circu-
lating medium: and hence it was called
the "shekel of the sanctuary." See
SHEKEL. The following were the prin-
cipal weights of the Israelites, reduced
to Troy-weight :--
Bekah, ten Gerahs
Shekel, two Bekahs
Mina, sixty Shekels
Talent, fifty Minas
- WEIGHTY, heavy, Prov. 27:3: im-
pressive or convincing, 2 Cor. 10:10.
- WELFARE, success or health, Gen. 43:
27; Exod. 18:7: prosperity, 1 Chron.
18:10; Neh. 2:10.
- WELL, a spring or fountain, Gen. 21:
19; Exod. 15:27: a deep narrow pit, dug
for water, Gen. 26:15, 18: sources or
means of supply such as the word and
ordinances of Christ to believers, Isa. 12:
3. See JACOB'S WELL.
- WELL-SPRING, a fountain or source,
as divine wisdom and knowledge form a
well-spring of happiness to pious persons,
Prov. 16:22; 18:4.
- WELL, properly, Gen. 4:7: rightly,
Jam. 2:12: orderly, 1 Tim. 3:4: happily,
Gen. 12:13, 16: correctly or fully, Acts
25:10; 2 Tim. 1:18: plentifully, Gen.
- WELL-BELOVED, regarded affection-
ately, Mark 12:6; Rom. 16:5.
- WEN, a fleshly excrescence, which, on
an animal, rendered it unfit for sacrifice,
- WENCH, a rustic young girl, 2 Sam.
- WEPT, did weep, Gen. 21:16; John
- WEST, the part in which the sun sets,
Gen. 28:14; Josh. 15:12; 1 Kings 7:25.
- WESTERN, lying or extending to the
west, Num. 34:6.
- WESTWARD, towards the west, Gen.
13:14; Ezek. 48:18.
- WET, moistened with water, as land
is wet with rain or dew, Job 24:8; Dan.
- WHALE, a monstrous fish, supposed to
be the largest animal of the sea, Gen. 1:
21; Job 7:12. Whales much larger
than at present were formerly caught;
though they are now found upwards of
sixty feet in length: and a skeleton of a
whale has been exhibited in London,
whose carcase was found on the coast of
Belgium, near Ostend, November 3rd,
1827: the total length of the animal was
ninety-five feet; its height eighteen feet;
length of the head, twenty-two feet;
height of the cranium, four and a half
feet; length of the vertebral column,
sixty-nine and a half feet; number of the
vertebrae, sixty-two; of the ribs, twenty-
eight; the length of them nine feet;
length of the fins, twelve and a half feet;
of the fingers, four and a half feet; width
of the tail twenty-two and a half feet;
length of it three feet. Weight of the
monster when found, 240 tons, or 480,000
lbs.; weight of the skeleton, thirty-five
tons, or 70,000 lbs. Quantity of oil ex-
tracted from the blubber, 4000 gallons, or
40,000 lbs.; weight of the rotten fish
buried in the sand, eighty-five tons, or
170,000 lbs. The upper jaw was fitted up
with 800 fannons or whalebones; and
Baron Cuvier and other professors sup-
posed this enormous animal must have
lived 900 or 1000 years! Moses is, by
some, supposed to have intended croco-
diles[?], in his account of the creation, Gen.
1:21; as the Israelites had seen those
terrible monsters, found in the river
Nile, worshipped in Egypt. The croco-
dile of the Nile is generally believed to
be meant by the whale in Ezekiel 32:
2. Our translators call the great fish
that swallowed Jonah, a whale, Matt. 12:
40: but that is believed to have been the
Canis Charcaris, or a species of shark[?], a
voracious fish common in the Mediterra-
nean: however, it must be remembered
that the prophet declares of that miracle,
the fish was "prepared" by "the LORD[,]"
Jon. 1:17; 2:1-10. See LEVIATHAN.
- WHAT, that which, Gen. 39:8; 1
John 3:2. Commonly used as an inter-
rogative pronoun, Deut. 20:5; Matt. 8:
- WHATSOEVER, anything or any state,
Gen. 31:16; Phil. 4:8.
- WHEAT, a kind of grain, the most
valuable and nutritious that is used as
bread-corn for human food, Exod. 9:32;
Deut. 32:14; 1 Kings 5:11. Canaan
was astonishingly productive in wheat,
returning sometimes sixty or a hundred
fold, Gen. 26:12; Matt. 13:8: large
exportations, therefore, were made to
other countries, Acts 12:20; 27:38.
- WHEATEN, made of wheat, Exod.
- WHEEL, a circular body moving on an
axis, as of a cart or chariot, Exod. 14:
25; Isa. 28:28; or of a manufacturing
instrument of a potter, Jer. 18:3: a
machine to punish criminals, Prov. 20:
- WHELPS, the young of bears, lions, or
dogs, 2 Sam. 17:8; Hos. 13:8.
- WHEN, at the time which, or at what
time, Deut. 6:7; Matt. 24:3.
- WHENCE, from what place, Gen. 16:
8: from what circumstances, John 1:48.
- WHENSOEVER, at what time, Matt. 14:
- WHERE, in what place, Gen. 3:9;
- WHEREABOUT, concerning what, 1 Sam.
- WHEREAS, since indeed, 1 Kings 8:
18: when on the contrary, 1 Sam. 24:
- WHEREBY, by which, Jer. 33:8;
- WHEREFORE, for what reason, 2 Sam.
12:23; Matt. 14:31.
- WHERETO, to which, Isa. 55:11: to
what, Phil. 3:16.
- WHEREWITH, by what means, Judg.
6:15: with that, Mic. 6:6: with which,
- WHEREWITHAL, with that, Matt. 6: 31.
- WHET, to sharpen, Deut. 32:41;
- WHETHER, which of the two, Matt.
21:31: if indeed, John 7:17.
- WHICH, the pronoun relating to things,
Gen. 3:17; Acts 26:16.
- WHILE, a space of time, Gen. 46:29;
1 Sam. 22:4; Acts 20:11.
- WHILE, as long as, Gen. 8:22; Mark
- WHIP, a lash to drive horses by flog-
ging, Prov. 26:3. King Solomon's
heavy taxation of Israel being com-
plained of by the elders, his proud and
foolish son Rehoboam compared it to
flogging with whips, rejecting their pe-
tition, 1 Kings 12:11.
- WHIRL, to turn round rapidly, Eccles.
- WHIRLWIND, a stormy wind moving
circularly, 2 Kings 2:1. Such winds are
very terrible in Arabia, Job 37:9; Isa.
- WHISPER, to speak in a low tone, as
was the practice of diviners in their
deceitful art, Isa. 29:4: to slander or
backbite, Psal. 41:7.
- WHISPERED, did speak softly, 2 Sam.
- WHISPERER, a slanderer, a revealer of
secrets, Prov. 16:28.
- WHISPERING, reporting secrets or
slandering, 2 Cor. 12:20.
- WHIT, point or particular, 1 Sam. 3:
18; John 7:23.
- WHITE, the colour of snow or of our
teeth, Gen. 49:12. White being the
brightest and purest in regard to colour,
it is used to represent things that are
excellent, pure, and glorious. God being
represented with a "garment white as
snow, and the hair of his head like the
pure wool," indicates His holiness and
eternity, Dan. 7:9. Christ having "his
head and hairs white like wool, as white
as snow," denotes His eternal divinity,
Rev. 1:14. White robes denote sanctity,
felicity, and honour, 3:4, 5, 18.
- WHITE, to whiten or make white,
- WHITED, made white, Matt. 23:27:
hypocritical, as pretending to uprightness,
- WHITER, more white or pure, Psal. 51:
7; Lam. 4:7.
- WHITHER, to what place, Gen. 16:8;
- WHITHERSOEVER, to whatsoever place,
2 Sam. 8:6; Matt. 8:19.
- WHO, the pronoun relating to persons,
Gen. 27:18: which of many persons,
- WHOLE, all, Exod. 29:18: complete
as to parts, Matt. 5:29; or not broken,
Jer. 19:11: healed, Josh. 5:8; Matt. 9:
21: sound or healthy, Acts 4:9; 9:34.
- WHOLESOME, healthful, as edifying
words or discourses are to the minds of
the hearers, Prov. 15:4; 1 Tim. 6:3.
- WHOLLY, totally or altogether, Lev.
6:22; Jer. 50:13; Acts 17:16: com-
pletely, 1 Thess. 5:23: sincerely, up-
rightly, Deut. 1:36; Josh. 14:8, 14.
- WHOMSOEVER, any without exception,
Gen. 31:32: any certain person, Matt.
12:27; Acts 8:19.
- WHORE, a fornicatress, an unchaste
woman, Lev. 19:29.
- WHOREDOM, fornication, unchastity,
Lev. 19:29: idolatry, 2 Kings 9:22; Jer.
- WHOREMONGER, an unchaste man,
- WHORING, practising idolatry, Exod.
34:15, 16; Ezek. 6:9.
- WHORISH, unchaste, Prov. 6:26; Ezek.
- WHOSE, of whom, Gen. 32:17; Acts
- WHOSESOEVER, of whomsoever, John
- WHOSOEVER, any one, 1 Kings 13:33;
- WHY, for what reason, Gen. 25:22;
- WICKED, morally bad, addicted to evil,
Gen. 18:23; Psal. 7:11; Matt. 12:45.
- WICKEDLY, badly, corruptly, Gen. 19:
7; Dan. 12:10.
- WICKEDNESS, moral evil, corruptness
of heart and manners, Gen. 6:5; Deut.
9:4; 1 John 5:19.
- WIDE, broad or extended, as land, 1
Chron. 4:40; or the sea, Psal. 104:25:
capacious, Prov. 21:9; Jer. 22:14: free
of entrance, as a course of evil, Matt. 7:
- WIDE, eagerly, as the mouth of a per-
son in high expectation, Job 29:23:
liberally, as the hand in giving supplies,
- WIDENESS, breadth or extent, Ezek.
- WIDOW, a woman whose husband is
dead, Exod. 22:24; 2 Sam. 14:5. He-
brew widows, having no children, were
allowed to marry the brothers of their
husbands, for the purpose of children to
preserve their families, Gen. 38:6-
11: this custom was enjoined by the law
of Moses, to secure the family inherit-
ances, Deut. 25:5-10; Ruth 4:3-10.
Widows are objects of the special regard
of God, Exod. 22:22; Deut. 10:18; Isa. 1:
- WIDOWHOOD, the condition of a widow,
Isa. 47:9. Widows of kings continued
in their widowhood, 1 Kings 2:13, 14.
David's concubines, defiled by Absalom,
were shut up for the rest of their life in
perpetual widowhood, 2 Sam. 20:3.
- WIFE, a married woman having a hus-
band, Gen. 2:24; 24:4; 41:45. Having
more than one wife was common at an
early period of the world, Gen. 4:19:
many of the patriarchs fell into that
guilty custom, by which the law of God
was dishonoured, while numerous mise-
ries were the consequence, the secondary
wife or wives being subject to various
oppressions and degradations; as may be
seen even in the families of Abraham,
Jacob, and David. See HAGAR, and CON-
- WILD, savage or ferocious, as a beast
of prey, Lev. 26:26; 1 Sam. 17:46;
Job 39:15: bold or daring, as Ishmael,
the son of Abraham, Gen. 16:12: uncul-
tivated, as vines or olives, 2 Kings 4:39;
- WILDERNESS, a desert, or unculti-
vated tract of land, Exod. 14:3; 1 Kings
19:15; Acts 21:38. The north-western
part of Arabia was almost wholly uncul-
tivated; and hence Moses calls it "a ter-
rible and a waste howling wilderness,"
Deut. 1:19; 32:10. Paran, Sin, and
Sinai, were deserts in that dangerous
country. Several wildernesses or small
deserts existed in Canaan; as "the wilder-
ness of Judea," famous for the ministry
of the Baptist John, Matt. 3:1.
- WILES, stratagems or allurements,
- WILFULLY, daringly, obstinately, Heb.
- WILILY, craftily, cunningly, Josh. 9:
- WILL, that faculty of the soul by which
we choose or refuse. Man endowed with
reason, must necessarily be free to choose
and to refuse, or he cannot be a subject
of virtue or vice, praise or blame; nor
can he otherwise be an accountable being,
1 Cor. 9:16, 17. The human will being
free, cannot, however, but choose what is
agreeable to the state of the heart, and
man being a fallen creature, whose nature
is corrupted, the will never acts or
chooses in a manner that is perfectly
virtuous and holy, as required by the
Divine law, until the mind is renewed by
the Holy Spirit, John 5:4; Rom. 8:6,
14; Phil. 2:13. Hence the need of
divine grace, regeneration, and sanctifica-
tion. This gracious renovation is there-
fore represented as giving a new heart
and a right spirit, as putting the law of
God into the mind, Jer. 31:33; Ezek.
11:19, 20; Heb. 8:10.
- WILL OF MAN, the desire, purpose, or
policy of man, Lev. 1:3; John 1:13; 1 Cor.
16:12; 2 Pet. 1:21.
- WILL OF GOD, the supreme and
holy purpose and determination of the
Almighty, by which He at first created
the universe, and by which He preserves
and governs all creatures and things both
in nature and grace, Dan. 4:17-35; John
5:30; 6:39; Eph. 1:11: the Divine favour,
Deut. 33:16; Heb. 10:10; Jam. 1:19:
the Divine permission or direction, Acts
21:14; Rom. 1:10: the Divine revelation,
containing laws, institutions, and promises
in the Holy Scriptures, Matt. 3:31; John
7:17; 2 Cor. 8:5; Col. 1:9.
- WILL, to choose, Deut. 21:14; Phil.
2:13: to desire, Matt. 20:15, 32; Rom.
7:18; Tit. 3:14: to permit, Jam. 4:15.
- WILLING, consenting or inclining, Gen.
24:5, 8; Matt. 1:19: desiring, Isa. 1:19;
Mark 15:15; Luke 23:20.
- WILLINGLY, readily, Exod. 25:2:
cordially, 1 Cor. 9:17.
- WILLOW, a small tree growing chiefly
in low wet lands, or by brooks, Lev. 23:
40; Ezek. 17:5. Its rapid growth is
made an emblem of the future prosperity
of the church with numerous converts,
- WILL-WORSHIP, ceremonies of religion
not required by the Scriptures, Col. 2:23.
- WIMPLES, hoods or veils worn by
women, Isa. 3:22.
- WIN, to gain, or get into possession,
2 Chron. 32:1. To "win souls," is to
convert them to the knowledge and love
of God by the gospel of Christ, Prov. 11:
30. To "win Christ," is to gain possession
of the blessings of salvation with eternal
glory, Phil. 3:8.
- WIND, the air in powerful motion,
Exod. 15:10. Divine Providence per-
forms many of its most important opera-
tions, in producing the various seasons,
with the beneficial changes in the weather,
by the mysterious power of the wind,
Gen. 8:1; Num. 11:31; Jer. 10:13.
Violent winds fly, as it is computed, at
the rate of more than 4000 feet in a
minute; and storms and whirlwinds are
sometimes very terrible, but always bene-
ficial in their influence, though they are
made instrumental in fulfilling the decrees
of God, 1 Kings 19:11; Psal. 148:8.
See STORM, TEMPEST, and WHIRLWIND.
Wind is made an emblem of the gracious
influence of the Spirit of God acting upon
the minds of men, Ezek. 37:9; John
- WINDING, turning, as a terrace, stair-
case, or passage, around a house, Ezek.
- WINDOW, an opening in a house to
admit the light, Gen. 6:16; 26:8; Josh.
2:15. Window casements were com-
monly filled with a kind of lattice or net-
work before the invention of glass, Judg.
5:28; Dan. 6:10.
- WINDY, tempestuous, Psal. 55:8.
- WINE, the preserved juices of grapes,
Gen. 9:20, 21; 14:18. Many have been
of opinion that Noah was the first maker
of wine, and that it was not known, or
not in use, before the deluge. Various
conjectures, also, have been formed as to
the quality of the ancient wines; some
supposing that they were not fermented,
but merely the preserved pulp or juice of
the grapes: others, however, believe that
some, at least, were prepared by that
process, Isa. 25:6. Wine of Canaan
was highly exciting, 2 Sam. 13:28; and
to the excessive use of it many were
addicted, Prov. 20:6; 23:30; Isa. 28:
7; though it was altogether forbidden
from the Nazarites, Num. 6:3; Judg. 13:
7; Luke 1:15.
- Wine. See THE EVIL OF DRINK.
- WINE-BIBBER, a drunkard, Prov. 23:
20; Matt. 11:19.
- WINE-BOTTLES, skins of goats or sheep,
prepared to hold wine, Josh. 9:4. See
- WINE-CELLARS, stores under ground
for the preserving of wine, 1 Chron. 27:
- WINE-FAT, a vessel in which grapes
were pressed or the juice preserved, Isa.
- WINE-PRESS, a kind of mill for the
pressing of grapes, Neh. 13:15.
- WING, the limb of a bird by which it
flies, Isa. 10:14; Ezek. 17:27. Angels,
cherubim and seraphim, are represented
with wings, as ready to fly performing
the commands of God, Exod. 25:20; Isa.
6:2. The beams of the sun are called
wings, emanating from that luminary,
Mal. 4:2. Companies of an army stretch-
ing forth are called wings, Isa. 8:8.
Wings are made emblems of protection,
especially of the Divine care, Exod. 19:
4; Ruth 2:12; Psal. 17:8.
- WINGED, having wings, as flying fowl,
Gen. 1:21; Ezek. 17:3.
- WINK, to shut the eyes, especially in
derision or scorn, Job 15:12; Psal. 35:
19; Prov. 6:13.
- WINKED, did shut the eyes or overlook,
as God is said to have suffered the igno-
rant idolatries of the heathen, Acts 17:
- WINNOW, to clean corn from the chaff,
- WINNOWED, cleaned, as corn from the
chaff after thrashing, Isa. 30:24.
- WINTER, the cold season of the year,
Gen. 8:22: this, in northern countries,
continues long, in some more than half
the year, as in Russia and Sweden.
Winter, in Canaan, was cold, wet, and
stormy, from about the middle of Decem-
ber till the latter end of January, Sol.
Song 2:11; John 10:22.
- WINTER, to pass the winter, 1 Cor.
16:6; Tit. 3:12: to shelter during the
stormy season, Acts 27:12: to feed in
the scarce winter, Isa. 18:6.
- WINTERED, sheltered in the stormy
season, Acts 28:11.
- WIPE, to cleanse by rubbing gently,
2 Kings 21:13; Luke 7:38; John 13:5:
to dry up tears, as by removing the cause
of grief, Isa. 25:8; or by forgetfulness,
- WIPED, cleansed or removed, Prov. 6:
- WIPING, cleansing by rubbing, 2 Kings
- WIRES, very thin bars or strips, as of
metal, Exod. 39:3.
- WISDOM, practical knowledge, Exod.
31:3; 1 Kings 3:28; 4:29, 30; Dan. 1:
4; 2:23; 5:11. Intelligence or knowledge
in a wicked mind is not properly wisdom,
but subtlety or craftiness: evil spirits,
therefore, though knowing and intelli-
gent, and appearing to possess wisdom,
are not wise, Gen. 3:1; Exod. 1:10; Jam.
3:15. Wisdom is put for learning or
science, Acts 7:22: large experience,
Job 12:12: true religion, in the know-
ledge and fear of God, 28:28; Prov.
4:7; Jam. 3:17: the Scriptures, as the
oracles of Divine wisdom, Luke 11:49.
God is the only source of wisdom, Rom.
11:33; 16:27; Dan. 2:20, 23; Jam. 1:5, 17.
Christ possesses all the treasures of
wisdom and knowledge, Col. 2:3: and,
therefore, He is the donor of wisdom to
His disciples for their salvation, 1 Cor. 1:
- WISE, manner, or thing, Exod. 22:23;
- WISE, prudently intelligent, Gen. 3:
6; 41:39; Dan. 12:3; 2 Tim. 3:15: know-
ing and discriminating, 1 Chron. 23:8:
skilful or ingenious, 36:1, 2: learned,
1 Cor. 1:19, 20: cunning, Judg. 5:29; Job
- WISE-HEARTED, skilful in discovery
or handicraft, Exod. 28:3; 35:10,
- WISE-MEN, counsellers, astrologers,
magicians, pretenders to the knowledge
of futurity, Gen. 41:8; Exod. 7:11.
The Wise-Men who came to worship
Jesus, as the promised Messiah, appear
to have come from eastern Arabia, where
the Divine tradition is believed to have
been retained with pious veneration from
age to age, up to the time of Balaam, or
Abraham, Matt. 2:1, 11, 16; Num. 24:
17; Job 19:25; Gen. 12:2, 3; 22:14-
- WISE-WOMAN, a matron of great saga-
city, Prov. 14:1, or who pretends to super-
natural wisdom, 2 Sam. 14:2; 20:16, 22.
- WISER, having more knowledge or
wisdom, 1 Kings 4:31; Job 35:11:
more dexterous or skilful, Luke 16:8.
- WISELY, discreetly or prudently, 1
Sam. 18:5: with sound policy, 2 Chron.
11:23: cunningly, Exod. 1:10.
- WISH, a desire, or what is desired, Job
- WISH, to desire, Psal. 40:14; 2 Cor.
- WISHED, did desire, or long for, Jon.
4:8; Acts 27:29.
- WISHING, desiring, Job 31:30.
- WIST, knew, Exod. 16:15; Luke 2:
49. This word is now [old English].
- WIT, skill or contrivance: for men to
be at their "wit's end," is to be in per-
plexity beyond their ability to extricate
themselves, Psal. 107:27.
- WIT, to inform, as "To wit," that is to
say, 2 Cor. 5:19, "We do you to wit,"
for We give you information, 8:1.
These phrases are now [old English].
- WITCH, a woman pretending to inter-
course [connection] with infernal spirits, so as to gain
supernatural knowledge: such wicked
persons have been numerous in heathen
nations; and, though denounced by the
law of Moses, Exod. 22:18; Deut. 18:
10, they were found in the land of Israel,
especially when the people fell away from
the Divine ordinances to idolatry, 2 Kings
9:22; 2 Chron. 33:6. See WIZARD.
- WITCHCRAFT, the wicked profession
of those who pretend to possess or to
hold intercourse with "familiar spirits,"
as witches and wizards, 2 Kings 9:22;
2 Chron. 33:6. Witchcraft is highly
provoking to God, 1 Sam. 15:23; Mic. 5:
12; Gal. 5:20.
- WITHAL, likewise, 1 Kings 19:1;
Acts 25:27: altogether, Psal. 141:10.
- WITHDRAW, to leave off, 1 Sam. 14:
19: to cease, Isa. 60:20; Joel 2:10: to
retire or refrain from, 2 Thess. 3:6; 1
- WITHDRAWN, retired, Luke 22:41:
seduced, Deut. 13:13.
- WITHDREW, did withdraw, or retire,
Matt. 12:15; Gal. 2:12.
- WITHER, to dry up or decay, as plants
for want of water or moisture, Isa. 19:
- WITHERED, dried up, Gen. 41:23;
Lam. 4:8: decayed, Jon. 4:7; John 5:3.
- WITHHELD, did withhold, Gen. 20:6;
- WITHHOLD, to refuse or keep back,
Gen. 23:6; 2 Sam. 13:13: to restrain,
Job 12:15; 2 Thess. 2:6.
- WITHHOLDEN, refused, Psal. 21:2:
restrained, 1 Sam. 25:26; Jer. 3:3.
- WITHIN, in the inside, as of a house,
Gen. 39:11; or a city, Eccles. 9:14;
or of the heart, Matt. 23:28; or of a
church, as its members, 1 Cor. 5:12: be-
fore a defined period, as a year, Lev. 25:
- WITHOUT, on the outside, as of a
house, Gen. 24:31; 2 Kings 10:24: des-
titute of, Jer. 33:10; Hos. 3:4: not
possessing, as a privilege; thus Israel,
through idolatry, was without Divine
ordinances, 2 Chron. 15:3; as were the
heathen nations, and so without God,
Eph. 2:12: impenitent men are beyond
or without the pale of the Christian
church, 1 Cor. 5:12, 13; Col. 4:5: beyond
or without the city or society of Heaven,
as the unholy, Rev. 22:15.
- WITHS, osiers, or thin branches or
twigs of the willow, Judg. 16:7-9.
- WITHSTAND, to resist or oppose, Num.
22:32; Esth. 9:2; Dan. 11:15; Eph. 6:
- WITHSTOOD, did oppose, 2 Chron. 26:
18. Paul withstood Peter, by rebuking
him for his dissimulation, Gal. 2:11.
Jannes and Jambres withstood Moses in
Egypt, by their contrivances with en-
chantments against his miracles, 2 Tim.
- WITNESS, a person giving testimony
concerning anything, Gen. 21:30; Acts
1:8, 22. Two witnesses were required
in a criminal charge, by the law of Moses,
Num. 35:30; Deut. 17:6. Thus the
Jewish rulers, who hired Judas to betray
his Master, procured other wicked men,
as false witnesses against Christ, for his
destruction, Matt. 26:59, 60; and such
were engaged against Stephen, Acts 6:
13. Witness is put for a person who is
capable of giving testimony from his
knowledge of facts, Gen. 30:50; Ruth
4:9-11; for evidence, Exod. 22:13; Jer.
32:10-25; and for testimony itself, as
the gospel testimony is the witness of
Jesus, Rev. 20:4. God is a witness,
giving the most satisfactory evidence to
the minds of His servants, Rom. 1:9; and
to the wicked for their confusion, Mal.
3:5. Jesus Christ is a witness, making
known His truth and ordinances, Rev. 1:
5. The Holy Ghost is a witness, effectu-
ally persuading the hearts of believers
by His sanctifying grace, Heb. 10:15: His
holy influence, producing Christian tem-
pers, constitutes the witness in the mind,
1 John 5:10.
- WITNESS, to testify, 1 Sam. 12:3,
especially in court against an accused
person, Matt. 26:62; 27:13: to in-
form, Acts 20:23.
- WITNESSED, did testify, as the false
witness against Naboth, 1 Kings 21:13:
did declare, 1 Tim. 6:13.
- WITNESSED, testified or declared, as
the great things of salvation by Christ in
the Scriptures, Rom. 3:21; Heb. 7:8.
- WITNESSING, testifying or declaring,
- WITTINGLY, warily, skilfully, wisely,
- WITTY, skilful, ingenious, Prov. 8:
- WIVES' FABLES, rabbinical stories, of
which many were extremely absurd,
Jewish fables, 1 Tim. 4:7; Tit. 1:14.
- WIZARD, a man pretending to familiar
intercourse [connection] with infernal spirits, and by
that means possessing the knowledge of
future events: they were doomed to
death by the law of Moses, as the greatest
enemies to the spiritual welfare of the
people of Israel, Lev. 20:27; Deut. 18:
11. Wicked men, under the painful
apprehensions awakened by their guilty
consciences, have commonly sought to
obtain relief by their pernicious delusions:
such was the criminal policy of king Saul,
1 Sam. 28:3-7-9; and of king Manas-
seh, 2 Kings 21:6; Isa. 19:3. See
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