Bible Dictionary: Cn.   1840

  1. CNI'DUS, Κνιδος (joining), a city of
    Caria, on the coast of Asia Minor, Acts
  2. COAL, a piece of wood or fossil burnt
    as fuel, Lam. 4:8; Isa. 6:6: a living
    representative of a family, as a son,
    2 Sam. 14:7.
  3. COALS, fuel for fire, John 18:18;
    21:9.   On account of the various pro-
    perties of fire, use is made of this word
    in reference to purification, Isa. 6:6:
    jealousy, Sol. Song 8:6: and terrible
    punishment, Psal. 120:4.
  4. COAST, the boundary of a country,
    Exod. 10:4; 1 Sam. 5:9: the border of
    the sea, Num. 24:24.
  5. COASTS, parts or districts of a country,
    Exod. 10:14-19; Matt. 2:16; Mark 7:
  6. COAT, an outer garment, Gen. 38:
    3; John 19:23.   God made coats for our
    first parents of the skins of the sacrificed
    animals, to teach them the art, to show
    his paternal care, and to indicate the
    need of their souls being clothed
    the righteousness of the Messiah
    , Gen.
    3:21.   See GARMENTS.
  7. COCK, the male of the domestic hen,
    Matt. 26:34.
  8. COCKATRICE, a deadly venomous ser-
    pent, thought to be the cobra di capello,
    Isa. 14:29.   The holy and peaceful
    times of the gospel are predicted under
    the idea of the cockatrice being rendered
    perfectly harmless, even to infants in
    their play, Isa. 11:8.
  9. COCKLE, a poisonous herb, thought to
    be the deadly nightshade, Job 31:10.
  10. COFFER, a strong chest, 1 Sam. 6:8.
  11. COFFIN, a chest to enclose a dead body,
    Gen. 50:26.
  12. COGITATIONS, deep reflections, Dan.
  13. COLD, chillness, as of the weather or
    season, Gen. 8:22; Job 37:9.
  14. COLD, chilly, Prov. 25:25: declining
    in religious affection, Matt. 24:12; Rev.
  15. COLLAR, the part of the garment fit-
    ting the neck, Job 30:18.
  16. COLLARS, neck-chains of honour, made
    of gold or silver, Judg. 8:26.
  17. COLLECTION, a sum of money gathered
    from the contributions of the people,
    2 Chron. 24:6; 1 Cor. 16:1.
  18. COLLEGE, a school for the education
    of religious teachers, 2 Kings 22:14.
    Huldah probably dwelt in a part of the
    temple occupied as a college.
  19. COLLOPS, lumps of flesh, Job 15:27.
  20. COLONY, a new country or province
    peopled from an ancient city, as from
    Rome, Acts 16:12.
  21. COLOSSE, Κολοσσαι (punishment or cor-
    ), a city of Phrygia in Asia Minor,
    where a flourishing church of Christians
    was gathered in the time of the apostles,
    Col. 1:2.   This city was destroyed by an
    earthquake, A.D. 65; and though it was
    partly rebuilt, little more than the site
    of the ancient city is now distinguishable:
    the houses seen, as in the engraving are
    those of the modern village and castle of
    was written by Paul, A.D. 62, on occasion
    of Epaphras, the pastor of the Christians
    at Colosse, visiting the apostle while
    prisoner at Rome, to consult him respect-
    ing some erroneous opinions which had
    been [taught] among them, Col. 2:8-23.
    It was designed to excite them to perse-
    vere in holy obedience, by the considera-
    tion of the Divinity, and the consequent
    perfection of the redemption, of Christ.
  23. COLOUR, a dye or shade, as purple or
    scarlet, Rev. 17:4: a mere pretence,
    Acts 27:30.   The art of colouring, or
    dying cloth, is supposed to have been car-
    ried to great perfection by the Jews.
  24. COLOURED, shaded or variegated, Rev.
  25. COLT, a young camel, Gen. [32]:15;
    ass [donkey], Judg. 10:4; or horse.
  26. COME, to approach, Gen. 45:19: to
    arrive, 1 Sam. 9:13: to return, 1 Kings
    22:27: to accompany, Num. 10:29: to
    proceed or originate, 1 Chron. 29:12-
    14: to arise, Matt. 2:16: to attain, Acts
    26:7: to befal, 1 Sam. 2:34: to hap-
    pen, 2 Thess. 2:3.
  27. COME, arrived, Gen. 6:13: befallen,
    Job 3:25; Ezek. 7:5: revealed, Matt.
    3:7; John 3:17: present, Josh. 5:14.
  28. COMELINESS, beauty or elegance of
    person, Isa. 53:2; Dan. 10:8.
  29. COMELY, graceful or handsome, Jer.
    6:2: proper, Psal. 33:1.
  30. COMERS, those that approach, Heb.
  31. COMFORT, mental peace and joy, Job
    6:10.   Spiritual comfort is sacred peace
    and joy arising from the influence of the
    Holy Spirit, filling the mind with the
    knowledge of divine truth, with the
    assurance of faith and hope of salvation
    by Jesus Christ, and with satisfaction in
    the love of God, Acts 9:31; Rom. 15:
    13; 5:5.   While the Holy Spirit is the
    author, and the Scriptures are the means,
    of consolation to believers, their happi-
    ness and edification are greatly promoted
    by the instrumentality of the ministers of
    Christ, 2 Cor. 1:4.
  32. COMFORT, to relieve the troubled mind,
    Gen. 5:29: to support, Psal. 23:4:
    to sympathise with, John 11:19: to
    encourage, 1 Thess. 5:11: to harden,
    Gen. 27:42.
  33. COMFORTABLE, soothing or consoling,
    2 Sam. 14:17; Zech. 1:13.
  34. COMFORTABLY, familiarly, 2 Sam. 19:
    7: with encouragement, 2 Chron. 30:
    22: with assurance of favour, Isa. 40:2.
  35. COMFORTED, did comfort, Gen. 50:21:
    did condole with, John 11:31.
  36. COMFORTED, consoled, Gen. 37:
    35: relieved from mourning, Gen. 24:
    67: encouraged, Acts 20:12: made
    happy, Matt. 5:4; Luke 16:25.
  37. COMFORTER, one that administers
    consolation, Eccles. 4:3; Nah. 3:7.
  38. COMFORTER: this is the peculiar title
    of the Holy Spirit, the [third] Person of
    the ever blessed Trinity:
    it was given
    by Christ, in His last discourses with the
    apostles, in relation to His appropriate
    office in the new covenant, applying the
    blessings of our Lord's redemption in
    the sanctification, consolation, and salva-
    tion of the people of God
    , John 14:26;
    15:26; 16:7.   The Greek word trans-
    lated comforter is rendered advocate,
    1 John 2:1, and is applied to our
  39. COMFORTLESS, without a friend or
    consolation, as orphans, John 14:18.
  40. COMING, arrival, Gen. 30:30: a visit,
    1 Cor. 16:17: the beginning, 2 Kings
    13:20.   The manifestation of God our
    Saviour at the last day is called His
    coming, 1 Cor. 1:7; 15:23.
  41. COMING, approaching, Luke 9:42.
  42. COMMAND, bidding or direction, Job
  43. COMMAND, to bid or order, Exod. 8:
    27: to direct or enjoin, Num. 9:8: to
    require, Matt. 19:7: to call for, Luke
    8:31: to appoint, John 14:14, 17.
  44. COMMANDED, charged, Gen. 2:16:
    ordered, 45:19: established, Mal. 4:
    4: appointed, Psal. 133:3.
  45. COMMANDER, an appointed guide or
    leader: a title of Christ, as the guide of
    His people to holiness and eternal life in
    , Isa. 55:4.
  46. COMMANDMENT, the declared will of
    a superior, Num. 15:31; 1 Kings 2:43;
    Est. 1:12: a special commission, 1 Sam.
    15:11; John 12:49, 50; 14:31: law,
    as the law of God, Exod. 34:28;
    Matt. 15:3, 6; Rom. 7:8, 13: a pre-
    cept, Acts 15:24; Matt. 11:9: an in-
    struction, Acts 17:15.

  47. COMMEND, to praise, 2 Cor. 3:1; 5:
    12: to recommend, Rom. 5:8; 16:1:
    to commit, Luke 23:46: to render
    illustrious, Rom. 3:5.   God commends
    His love to us in sending His Son to be
    our Saviour
    , 5:8.
  48. COMMENDATION, certified worthiness,
    2 Cor. 3:1
  49. COMMENDED, praised, Gen. 12:15:
    recommended, Acts 14:23.
  50. COMMISSION, a warrant by which any
    business is executed, [Acts 26:12].
  51. COMMIT, to do a fault, Exod. 20:14;
    Rev. 2:14, 20: to intrust with, as the
    execution of a business, Isa. 22:21, or
    the preservation of something valuable,
    Psal. 31:5; Luke 16:11: to send to
    prison, Jer. 37:21.
  52. COMMITTED, perpetrated, Lev. 20:23;
    Jude 15: intrusted, Gen. 39:22;
    John 5:22; Rom. 3:2.
  53. COMMODIOUS, convenient or suitable,
    Acts 27:12.
  54. COMMON, ordinary, Num. 16:29; Jer.
    31:5: usual, 1 Cor. 10:13: unhallowed,
    1 Sam. 21:4: ceremonially unclean,
    Acts 10:14, 15: free to all, Acts 2:44.
  55. COMMONLY, generally, Matt. 28:15;
    1 Cor. 5:1.
  56. COMMONWEALTH, the general body of
    the people, [Eph]. 2:12.
  57. COMMOTION, tumult, national agita-
    tion, Jer. 10:22; Luke 21:9.
  58. COMMUNE, to talk freely for the pur-
    pose of advice, Job 4:2, or to learn the
    secret opinions and wishes of others, 1
    Sam. 18:22; 19:3: to examine by self-
    reflection, Psal. 4:4.
  59. COMMUNED, did talk freely, Gen. 23:
    8; 1 Kings 10:2: did confer or advise
    with, Luke 22:4: to question, Dan. 1:
  60. COMMUNICATE, to impart, as for the
    support or relief of others, Gal. 6:6;
    Phil. 4:14.
  61. COMMUNICATED, did impart succour,
    Phil. 4:15: did reveal or declare, Gal.
  62. COMMUNICATION, conversation, 2 Sam.
    3:17; Eph. 4:29: message or informa-
    tion, Phil. 1:6.
  63. COMMUNING, conversing, Gen. 18:
  64. COMMUNION, agreement, 2 Cor. 6:14:
    participation or fellowship in the Lord's
    supper, which is so named, 1 Cor. 10:16:
    the gracious influence of the Holy Spirit
    on the mind of believers, 2 Cor. 13:14.
  65. COMPACT, well connected, as buildings
    in a city, Psal. 122:3.
  66. COMPACTED, framed and regularly
    joined, Eph. 4:16.
  67. COMPANIED, associated or travelled,
    Acts 1:21.
  68. COMPANIES, associations of men, as
    soldiers, Judg. 7:16, or merchants, Isa.
    21:13, or worshippers, Neh. 12:31.
  69. COMPANION, a familiar friend, 1 Chron.
    27:33: a copartner in grace, counsel,
    and labours, Acts 19:29: an associate,
    Judg. 14:20; Isa. 1:23.
  70. COMPANY, an association of friends,
    common or religious, 1 Sam. 30:15;
    Acts 4:23; Heb. 12:22: edifying con-
    versation, Rom. 15:24.
  71. COMPANY, to associate, 1 Cor. 5:9.
  72. COMPARABLE, equal, Lam. 4:2.
  73. COMPARE, to equal or to resemble, Isa.
    40:18; 46:5.
  74. COMPARED, likened or resembled,
    Prov. 3:15; Psal. 89:6: estimated,
    Rom. 8:18.
  75. COMPARISON, resemblance, Mark 4:
    30: estimation, Judg. 8:2; Hag. 2:3.
  76. COMPASS, a circle or boundary, Prov.
    8:27: a circuitous course, 2 Kings 3:
    9: a carpenter's instrument for drawing
    circles, Isa. 44:13.
  77. COMPASS, to surround, Josh. 6:34;
    Luke 19:43: to use the greatest endea-
    vours, Matt. 23:15.
  78. COMPASSED, surrounded, Gen. 19:4;
    Luke 21:20: subject, Heb. 5:2.
  79. COMPASSION, pity, Exod. 2:6: pitiful
    kindness to the distressed, 1 Kings 8:
    50: condescending regard, Heb. 5:2.
  80. COMPEL, to oblige or force, Lev. 25:
    39: to persuade, Luke 14:23.
  81. COMPELLED, forced, Acts 26:11:
    persuaded, 1 Sam. 28:23; 2 Chron.
  82. COMPLAIN, to murmur, Lam. 3:39:
    to declare against evils endured, Judg.
    21:22: to lament, Job 7:11.
  83. COMPLAINERS, discontented murmur-
    ers, Jude 16.
  84. COMPLAINTS, pains, Job 7:13: accu-
    sations, Acts 25:7: lamentations, Psal.
  85. COMPLETE, full, Lev. 28:15: per-
    fected, Col. 2:10; 4:12.
  86. COMPOSITION, a mass compounded of
    various materials, Exod. 30:32.
  87. COMPOUND, a mixture of different
    articles, Exod. 30:25, 35.
  88. COMPREHEND, to fully understand,
    Eph. 3:18; John 1:5.
  89. COMPREHENDED, enclosed, Isa. 40:12:
    included, Rom. 13:9.
  90. CONCEAL, to hide, Gen. 30:26: to
    keep secret, Deut. 13:8: to cover or
    pardon, Prov. 25:2: to neglect, Job 6:
    10; Psal. 40:10.
  91. CONCEITS, vain imaginations, Prov.
    18:11; Rom. 11:25.
  92. CONCEIVE, to begin to be with young,
    Gen. 30:38; Judg. 13:3: to form evil
    purposes, Job 15:35; Psal. 7:14.
  93. CONCEPTION, the act of conceiving,
    Gen. 3:16; Ruth 4:13.
  94. CONCERN, to relate to, Acts 28:31;
    2 Cor. 11:50.
  95. CONCERNING, regarding or with respect
    to, Gen. 19:21; Rom. 9:5; Eph. 5:32.
  96. CONCISION, a cutting off: this word is
    applied to the bigoted Jewish Christians
    who insisted on circumcision as essential
    to salvation; cutting off, or denouncing,
    all who declared the abolition of the
    Levitical rites by the institutions of
    Christ, Phil. 3:2; Gal. 6:12.
  97. CONCLUDE, to decide a dispute by
    reasoning from settled principles, Rom.
  98. CONCLUDED, determined as proper,
    Acts 21:25: infallibly declared, Gal.
  99. CONCLUSION, the final determination,
    Eccles. 12:13.
  100. CONCORD, agreement, 2 Cor. 6:15.
  101. CONCOURSE, a running together, Acts
  102. CONCUBINE, a secondary wife among
    the ancients, after the law of marriage
    had been corrupted by polygamy.   Women
    of this class were not wedded with the
    usual solemnities of marriage; they took
    no part in the family government; nor
    did their children share in the paternal
    inheritance.   Polygamy was an evil
    , and occasioned the chief sorrows
    of Abraham, Jacob, David, and Solomon:
    it was abolished by our Saviour's vindi-
    cation of the original law of marriage;
    and concubinage is now ranked as adul-
    among Christians, Gen. 25:6;
    2 Sam. 5:13; 1 Kings 11:3; Dan. 5:3;
    Mark 10:11; 1 Cor. 7:2.
  103. CONDEMN, to pronounce guilty, Exod.
    22:9: to sentence to punishment,
    Matt. 20:18: to censure, John 8:11;
    2 Cor. 7:3: to appear as evidence of
    another's guilt, Matt. 12:41, 42.
  104. CONDEMNED, did sentence, as to fine,
    2 Chron. 36:3, or to punishment, 2
    Pet. 2:2: did censure, Job 32:3;
    Matt. 12:7.
  105. CONDEMNED, sentenced to punish-
    ment, Matt. 27:3: punished or exe-
    cuted, Luke 24:20: held guilty, John
    3:18: censured, Tit. 2:18.
  106. CONDEMNATION, the state of pro-
    nounced guilt, Luke 23:24: final
    punishment, John 5:24: guilt, 1 Tim 3:
    6: the moral law, as condemning the
    guilty, 2 Cor. 3:9.   Reconciliation with
    God having been made by the Divine
    , "There is therefore now no
    condemnation to them which are in Christ
    Rom. 8:1; John 5:24.   By faith
    in His blessed name, sinners become justi-
    fied, and interested in all the blessings of
    the new covenant and eternal salvation
    by Christ, according to the appointment
    of God.
      "Therefore as by the offence of one
    judgment came upon all men to condem-
    nation; even so by the righteousness of
    one the free gift came upon all men
    unto justification of life[,]"
    Rom. 5:18.
  107. CONDESCEND, to yield in kindness of
    behaviour, Rom. 12:16.
  108. CONDITION, the stipulation or term of
    agreement in setting peace, 1 Sam. 11:
    2; Luke 14:32.
  109. CONDUCT, to lead, guide, or assist, 2
    Sam. 19:15; Acts 17:15.
  110. CONDUIT, a water-course, 2 Kings
  111. CONEY, the Hebrew word, thus ren-
    dered, is saphan, signifying a small
    animal nearly the size and somewhat
    resembling a rabbit, but without a tail.
    Dr. Harris, from Bruce and others, says
    that this timid but sagacious creature is
    the ashkoko, as best answering the de-
    scription of the saphan of the Scriptures,
    and that it abounds in the rocks of
    Arabia and Syria, Lev. 11:5; Psal. 104:
    18; Prov. 30:24-26.   Our engraving is
    a representation of the Syrian Coney.
  112. CONFECTION, a preparation of spices
    compounded as a perfume or incense,
    Exod. 30:35.
  113. CONFECTIONARIES, makers of sweet-
    meats, 1 Sam. 8:13.
  114. CONFEDERACY, a league or treaty be-
    tween princes or nations, Isa. 8:12;
    Obad. 7.
  115. CONFEDERATE, an alliance or cove-
    nant for mutual assistance, Gen. 14:13;
    Isa. 7:2.
  116. CONFERENCE, deliberation, Gal. 2:6.
  117. CONFERRED, consulted, 1 Kings 1:7;
    Acts 4:15; Gal 1:16.
  118. CONFESS, to acknowledge, as sins be-
    fore God
    , Lev. 16:21; 26:40; 1 John
    1:9: to profess publicly, as Christ re-
    quires that we honour His name and
    ordinances before men, which He will
    reward, acknowledging us before His
    Father, Matt. 10:32; Phil. 2:11: to can-
    didly acknowledge our mistakes and
    offences, for mutual satisfaction and the
    promotion of love, Jam. 5:16.
    • Confess.   "Confess your faults one to another,
      and pray one for another,"
      James 5.
  119. CONFESSED, did confess, as sins before
    , Ezra 10:1; Neh. 9:2: did acknow-
    ledge, as unlawful practices, Acts 19:
    18: did declare, John 1:20; Heb. 11:13.
  120. CONFESSION, acknowledgement, as of
    sin against God
    , Josh. 7:19; Ezra 10:
    11; or of religious principles before men,
    Rom. 10:10; 1 Tim. 6:13.
  121. CONFIDENCE, dependence, Judg. 9:
    26; Job 31:24: the object of reliance,
    Jer. 48:13: succour or aid, 2 Kings
    18:19: courage or boldness, Acts
    28:31; 2 Cor. 10:2: safety, Ezek.
    28:26: assurance, arising from in-
    telligent belief in the promises of God,
    Psal. 65:5; Eph. 3:12.   Evangelical
    confidence should be cherished by be-
    lievers in Christ, as essential to their
    spiritual peace, which is found to be its
    own reward, Heb. 10:35.
  122. CONFIDENT, intelligently assured, 2
    Cor. 5:6-8; Phil. 1:6: positive, Rom. 2:
    19: daring, Prov. 14:16.
  123. CONFIDENTLY, positively, Luke 22:
  124. CONFIRM, to put past doubt by new
    evidence, 1 Kings 1:14: to ratify, Esth.
    9:29-31: to give further evidence, 2
    Cor. 2:8: to strengthen the mind, espe-
    cially by additional instruction and
    assurance in the doctrines of Christ, 1
    Cor. 1:8; Acts 14:22.
  125. CONFIRMATION, ratification, as of an
    agreement or covenant by a solemn oath,
    Heb. 6:16.   Confirmation in Christianity
    is the establishment of the mind in the
    knowledge and belief of the declarations
    of God in the Scriptures, especially in
    relation to our salvation by Christ, Acts
    15:32-41; Heb. 6:17, 18.
  126. CONFIRMED, ratified, as a decree or
    contract, Esth. 9:32; Gal. 3:15; Heb.
    6:17: established, 2 Sam. 7:24; 1
    Chron. 14:2: encouraged by instruc-
    tion, Acts 15:41.
  127. CONFIRMING, strengthening by in-
    struction and exhortation, Acts 14:22;
  128. CONFISCATION, punishment by seizing
    a man's goods for the use of the state,
    Ezra 7:26.
  129. CONFLICT, a struggle with some diffi-
    culty, Phil. 1:30: deep anxiety, Col.
  130. CONFORMABLE, resembling, Phil. 3:
  131. CONFORMED, made like, as believers
    are to be conformed to the holy charac-
    ter of Christ, Rom. 8:29, and not to
    the corrupt maxims of the world, 12:2.
  132. CONFOUND, to confuse or disorder,
    Gen. 11:7: to perplex and put to shame,
    Jer. 1:17; 1 Cor. 1:27.
  133. CONFOUNDED, amazed or perplexed,
    Acts 2:6: confuted, 9:22: ashamed,
    Isa. 45:16; Ezek. 16:52.
  134. CONFUSED, disordered, Isa. 9:5;
    Acts 19:32.
  135. CONFUSION, perplexity, Job 10:15: dis-
    order, Acts 19:29; 1 Cor. 14:33: shame,
    Lev. 18:23.
  136. CONGEALED, made solid, as ice, Exod.
  137. CONGRATULATE, to compliment, as a
    friend, 1 Chron. 18:10.
  138. CONGREGATION, an assembly, or
    church: this word is chiefly used of the
    people of Israel, who formed one church
    or congregation, Num. 16:3; Acts 7:
    38, assembling at the
    tabernacle for
    sacrifice and divine worship, daily by
    their representatives, Exod. 12:6, 47;
    Lev. 4:4-15; 2 Chron. 6:3; Ezra 2:
    64; and all the males, above twelve
    years of age, personally, three times a
    year, at the sacred festivals of the na-
    tion, Deut. 16:16; Luke 2:42.   See
  139. CONI'AH, [h] (the strength of the Lord),
    a king of Judah, called also Jehoiachin,
    and son of Jehoiakim: he began his
    reign in the lifetime of his father, when
    he was eight years old, 2 Chron. 36:
    9, and he began to reign alone ten years
    afterwards, on the death of his father,
    2 Kings 24:8.   Coniah was a wicked
    man, and Jerusalem being taken, he was
    carried captive to Babylon, where, it is be-
    lieved, he died a penitent, 25:27-30; Jer.
    22:24; 37:37.   See JEHOIACHIN.
  140. CONQUER, to subdue, to gain by con-
    quest, Rev. 6:2.
  141. CONQUERORS, victors, Rom. 8:37.
  142. CONSCIENCE, self-knowledge, or that
    faculty of the
    mind by which we form
    a judgment of our own motives and
    actions.   Conscience seems designed by
    our Creator to be a light to the mind as
    the eye is to the body; and this delicate
    powerful faculty strikingly indicates the
    goodness of the Deity.   Conscience, how-
    ever, may be in a healthy or corrupt
    condition, according to the moral state
    of the heart.   A good conscience, 1 Tim.
    1:5, is purified or freed from guilt by
    feeling the efficacy of the blood of Christ,
    1 Tim. 3:9; Heb. 9:14: it is illuminated
    by the Holy Spirit, well instructed and
    tender, forming right conceptions of
    moral evil, according to the law of God
    Rom. 9:1; 1 Cor. 8:10; 2 Cor. 1:12.
    Many have perpetrated the greatest
    crimes conscientiously, ignorantly ima-
    gining that they were doing God service
    at the time, as was the case with Paul
    before his conversion, persecuting to
    death the disciples of the Lord, 1 Tim.
    1:13.   An evil conscience, Heb. 10:22,
    is defiled, Tit. 1:15, and evil men wax
    worse and worse, 2 Tim. 3:13: they are
    given up of God to a reprobate mind,
    Rom. 1:28; to believe a lie, 2 Thess. 2:
    2: their hearts are hardened
    , and their
    consciences are as if seared with a hot
    iron, 1 Tim. 4:2.
  143. CONSECRATE, to devote a priest and
    things pertaining to the priesthood to
    the service of God.   Various ceremonies,
    under the Levitical dispensation, which
    was a shadow of good things to come,
    were used in consecrating the priests to
    their office; but these were all abolished
    with the priesthood by the mediation of
    Christ, Exod. 28:3, 41; 29:9; Ezek.
    43:26; Heb. 7:28.
  144. CONSECRATED, sacredly devoted, as
    priests to serve God, Num. 3:3; Josh.
    6:19; 2 Chron. 29:33.   Christianity
    admits no such ceremony as the Leviti-
    cal consecration: and the term is never
    used in the New Testament, except in
    relation to the priesthood of Christ, Heb.
    7:12-28; and in that office, consecrat-
    ing a new and living way for all be-
    lievers to officiate as spiritual priests
    unto God, Heb. 10:19, 20.
  145. CONSECRATION, the ceremonial of de-
    voting the priests and sacrifices to the
    service of God, Exod. 29:22; Lev. 7:
    37; Num. 6:7-9.
  146. CONSENT, purpose, 1 Sam. 11:7:
    agreement, 1 Cor. 7:5.
  147. CONSENT, to agree, Deut. 13:8: to
    yield, 1 Kings 20:8.
  148. CONSENTING, aiding and abetting,
    Acts 8:1.
  149. CONSIDER, to seriously think of, Deut.
    32:29: to carefully examine, Lev.
    13:13: to survey, Psal. 8:3: to at-
    tentively regard, Heb. 3:1.
  150. CONSIST, to depend upon, Luke 12:
    15: to be held together and supported,
    Col. 1:17.
  151. CONSOLATION, comfort, Jer. 16:7:
    enjoyment, Luke 6:24: spiritual re-
    freshment and strength of soul, 2 Cor. 1:
    5; Heb. 6:18.
  152. CONSOLATION OF ISRAEL, a title of
    Christ, indicating His merciful and be-
    nevolent mission as the promised and
    expected Saviour
    , Luke 2:25.
  153. CONSORTED, did associate, Acts 17:4.
  154. CONSPIRACY, a traitorous plot, as that
    of Absalom, to dethrone his father, 2
    Sam. 15:12: an infidel association, Ezek.
    22:25: a murderous union, as of the
    forty Jews to kill Paul, Acts 23:13.
  155. CONSPIRATORS, traitors in association,
    2 Sam. 15:31.
  156. CONSPIRED, did contrive a crime, Gen.
    37:18; Amos 7:10: did plot or
    contrive, as against a king or govern-
    ment, 1 Kings 15:27.
  157. CONSTANT, steady or persevering, 1
    Chron. 28:7.
  158. CONSTANTLY, perseveringly, Acts 12:
    13; Tit. 3:8.
  159. CONSTELLATION, a cluster or system
    of stars, Isa. 13:10.   Ancient astrono-
    mers reckoned about 1000 fixed stars,
    which they classed into 59 constella-
    tions; 23 in the north part of the firma-
    ment, 24 in the south, and 12 in the
    middle, or Zodiac[?].   Modern astronomers
    reckon more than 3000 stars visible, and
    about 74 constellations are marked on
    our celestial globes.
  160. CONSTRAIN, to forcibly urge, Gal. 6:
    12; 2 Cor. 5:14.
  161. CONSTRAINED, did urge or persuade,
    2 Kings 4:8; Matt. 14:22.
  162. CONSTRAINED, necessitated, Acts
  163. CONSTRAINT, force or persuasion, 1
    Pet. 5:2.
  164. CONSULT, to advise with others, Psal.
    62:4; Luke 14:31.
  165. CONSULTATION, a conference, Mark
  166. CONSULTED, did advise with, 1 Kings
    12:6: did deliberate, Matt. 26:4; John
  167. CONSULTER, one who confers or pre-
    tends to confer, Deut. 18:11.
  168. CONSUME, to destroy, Exod. 32:10:
    to burn up, Luke 9:54: to squander
    away, James 4:3.
  169. CONSUMED, did destroy, Num. 16:35:
    did waste, 2 Sam. 21:5.
  170. CONSUMED, destroyed, Gen. 19:15-17;
    2 Kings 1:10; Gal. 5:15.
  171. CONSUMING, destroying, Deut. 9:3.
    God being infinite in holiness and justice
    will be to the wicked a consuming fire
    Heb. 12:29; Deut. 4:24.
  172. CONSUMMATION, the final period or
    completion, Dan. 9:27.
    Bible Prophecy.
  173. CONSUMPTION, a mortal disease, Lev.
    26:16: a wasting calamity, Isa. 10:22.
  174. CONTAIN, to hold, Ezek. 45:11: to
    limit, 1 Kings 8:27: to receive, John
    21:25: to restrain, 1 Cor. 7:9.
  175. CONTAINED, included, Rom. 2:14;
    Eph. 2:15: recorded, 1 Pet. 2:6.
  176. CONTAINING, holding, John 2:6.
  177. CONTEMN, to neglect, despise, or in-
    sult, Psal. 10:13; 107:11.
  178. CONTEMPT, degradation or shame, Job
    12:21: dishonour, Dan. 12:2.
  179. CONTEMPTIBLE, mean, Mal. 1:7: in-
    elegant, 2 Cor. 10:10.
  180. CONTEMPTUOUSLY, scornfully, Psal.
  181. CONTEND, to strive in opposition, Deut.
    2:9: to debate or plead, Job 9:3: to
    [__]our by argument and instruction,
    Jude 3.
  182. CONTENDED, did dispute, Neh. 13:11:
    did urge a complaint, Job 31:13: did
    cavil, Acts 11:2.
  183. CONTENDING, striving, Jude 9.
  184. CONTENT, to conciliate, Mark 15:15.
  185. CONTENT, satisfied, Exod. 2:21:
    piously happy, Phil. 4:11.
  186. CONTENTION, strife, Prov. 13:10:
    opposition, 1 Thess. 2:2: disputation,
    Acts 15:39.
  187. CONTENTMENT, satisfaction of mind,
    1 Tim. 6:6.
  188. CONTINUAL, constant or appointed,
    Exod. 29:42: habitual, Prov. 15:15:
    incessant, or persevering for a long
    period, Luke 18:15.
  189. CONTINUALLY, constantly, Gen. 6:5;
    Exod. 29:38: perpetually, Heb. 8:
    3: daily, Luke 24:53.
  190. CONTINUANCE, duration, Deut. 28:
    59: perseverance, Rom. 2:7.
  191. CONTINUE, to remain, Exod. 21:21:
    to persevere, Acts 13:43: to abide
    constantly, John 8:31: to manifest as
    aforetime, Psal. 36:10.
  192. CONTINUED, remained, Gen. 40:4; Dan.
    1:21: persevered, 1 John 2:19: pro-
    longed, Acts 20:7.
  193. CONTINUING, persevering, Acts 2:4:
    enduring, Heb. 13:14.
  194. CONTRADICTING, speaking in opposi-
    tion, Acts 13:45.
  195. CONTRADICTION, opposing testimony,
    Heb. 7:7: opposition, 11:3
  196. CONTRARIWISE, on the contrary, 2 Cor.
    2:7; 1 Pet. 3:9
  197. CONTRARY, opposite, Lev. 26:21-
    24; Ezek. 16:34: adverse, Matt. 14:
  198. CONTRIBUTION, money that is given,
    Rom. 15:26.
  199. CONTRITE, bruised, deeply affected
    in mind with the evil of sin, Psal. 51:17;
    Isa. 57:17.
  200. CONTROVERSY, a dispute, Deut. 19:
    17; 1 Tim. 3:16: a cause of complaint,
    Hos. 4:1; Mic. 6:2.
  201. CONVENIENT, suitable, Prov. 30:8:
    distinguished, Mark 6:21: agreeable to
    holiness, Eph. 5:4.
  202. CONVENIENTLY, fitly, opportunely, or
    quietly, Mark 14:11.
  203. CONVERSANT, walking with, Josh. 8:
    35: dealing with, 1 Sam. 25:15.
  204. CONVERSATION, behaviour in common
    life, Gal. 1:13; Phil. 1:27; 1 Pet. 1:15:
    Christian conduct as expectants of Hea-
    ven, Phil. 3:20.
  205. CONVERSION, a change of life from
    error and sin to truth and the service
    of God
    , Acts 15:3.   Christian conversion
    results from regeneration, in which the
    heart is renewed in divine knowledge
    and true holiness, through the ministry
    of the gospel by the power of the Holy
    , Acts 15:3, 8, 9; 1 Thess. 1:5, 6.
    Conversion is the principal work of the
    gospel ministry, which is designed to
    bring men from darkness to light, and
    from sin to holiness and God
    , Acts 3:
    19; Psal. 19:7; 1 Cor. 4:15.
    • Conversion.   Spiritual transformation.
  206. CONVERT, to turn, as from sin to holi-
    ness and God
    , Isa. 6:10; Jam. 5:19.
  207. CONVERTED, turned, as sinners may
    be turned to God
    , Psal. 51:13; or reco-
    vered to holy obedience, Luke 22:32.
  208. CONVERTING, turning, as the mind by
    the light and power of divine truth
    , Psal.
  209. CONVERTS, those who have been
    turned to the knowledge and love of
    God, Isa. 1:27.
  210. CONVEY, to carry to a distance, as
    timber by sea, 1 Kings 5:9, or as an
    officer to a distant country, Neh. 2:7.
  211. CONVICTED, detected in guilt, John
  212. CONVINCE, to force the belief of a fact
    or truth, Tit. 1:9; John 8:46.
  213. CONVINCED, persuaded by the force of
    evidence, 1 Cor. 14:24.
  214. CONVOCATION, an assembly solemnly
    called together for the worship of God,
    Exod. 12:16; Lev. 23:2-4.
  215. COOK, a domestic servant who dresses
    the food, 1 Sam. 8:13; 9:23.
  216. COOL, the evening, the decline of the
    day, Gen. 3:8.
  217. COOL, to allay heat: to cool the tongue
    is to allay thirst, which in hot countries
    is tormenting: hence the language of
    parable, Luke 16:24.
  218. COOS, Κως (a fleece of wool), a small
    island off the south-west coast of Asia
    Minor, in the Mediterranean sea, Acts
    21:1: it is now called Stanco.
  219. COPIED, transcribed, as writing in a
    book, Prov. 25:1.
  220. COPING, the top or covering of a wall,
    1 Kings 7:9.
  221. COPPER, one of the [early] metals:
    its colour is reddish, and it is the most
    ductile next to gold and silver, Ezra 8:
    27.   See BRASS.
  222. COPPERSMITH, a maker of copper ves-
    sels, 2 Tim. 4:14.
  223. COPY, a transcript made from the ori-
    ginal book or writing, Deut. 17:18;
    Esth. 3:14
  224. COR, a homer, a liquid measure of
    about seventy-five gallons, Ezek. 45:14.
    See MEASURE.
  225. CORAL, a submarine cretaceous pro-
    duction resembling a plant: there are
    three kinds, white, black, and red: the
    latter colour is most highly esteemed; and
    it formed an article of trade at Tyre,
    Ezek. 27:16.
  226. CORBAN, a gift of property to God or
    to his temple, Mark 7:11.   Young per-
    sons were encouraged by the priests to
    offer such gifts, as meritorious acts of
    religion, even to the injury of their
    parents, and in violation of the law of
    God, Matt. 15:3-5.   They sometimes,
    under this influence, made themselves
    corban, or dedicated; from which they
    could be released only by paying a fine
    to the priest of fifty shekels for a man,
    and thirty for a woman.
  227. CORD, a rope, Josh. 2:15; Exod. 35:
    18: the spinal marrow is so called, it
    being in the form of a delicate cord from
    the brain to the lowest part of the back-
    bone, Eccles. 12:6; Job 30:11.
  228. CORDS, ropes, Judg. 15:13; Ezek.
    27:24: bonds, Prov. 5:22; Psal. 2:
    3: boundaries, Isa. 54:2.   Persuasive
    arguments addressed to the heart are the
    cords of a man, Hos. 11:4
  229. CORIANDER, an aromatic spice plant,
    Exod. 16:31.
  230. COR'INTH, Κορινθος (an ornament), the
    capital of Achaia, a province of ancient
    Greece, about twenty-five miles west of
    Athens, Acts 18:1.   Corinth being
    situated on the isthmus which separated
    Attica from the Peloponnesus, it had the
    advantage of two sea-ports: on the east
    Cenchrea, which received the merchan-
    dise of Asia, and on the west Lechæum,
    which received that of Italy, Gaul, and
    Spain.   Learning was so cultivated at Co-
    rinth, that is was called "The light of
    all Greece,"
    and "The ornament of all
    but its inhabitants were grossly
    corrupt in their manners, licentiousness
    being sanctioned and required by the
    impure worship of Venus.   Christianity
    triumphed here by the ministry of the
    apostle Paul, A.D. 52, 53, in the conver-
    sion of many of these depraved citizens,
    so that there was a flourishing church at
    Corinth, 1 Cor. 6:9-11.   Our engraving
    represents the present city as viewed
    from the bay of Corinth.
  231. CORINTHIANS, the inhabitants of the
    city of Corinth, Acts 18:8: the be-
    lievers at Corinth, 2 Cor. 6:11.
    this first letter was written by the apos-
    tle Paul, A.D. 59, about three years after
    he had completed his eighteen months'
    ministry at Corinth, Acts 18:11.   This
    church had greatly prospered in the
    number of its members, and the splen-
    dour of their endowments; but, through
    the corrupt manners of the citizens, some
    of the communicants had fallen into vari-
    ous disorders: this epistle was therefore
    intended to correct these, to direct them
    in the ways of holiness, and to instruct
    them respecting marriage, the use of
    meats offered to idols, and the design of
    spiritual gifts, and to establish them in the
    belief of the doctrine of the resurrection.
    this second epistle, written about a year
    after the former, was intended to perfect
    the [improvement] which had been pro-
    duced by that divinely instructive letter,
    and to vindicate the claims of the writer
    as an apostle of Christ.   See
  234. CORMORANT, an unclean water-fowl
    nearly the size of a goose: some suppose
    that Moses intends the sea-gull, Lev. 11:
    17.   Isaiah uses a different word signify-
    ing the pelican, Isa. 34:11.
  235. CORN, the generic name for all kinds
    of grain, as wheat, rye, barley, &c., which
    abounded in Canaan, Gen. 26:12; 27:
    28-37; 2 Kings 18:32.
  236. CORNE'LIUS, Κορνηλιος (horny, or beam
    of the sun
    ), a captain of the Roman gar-
    rison at Cæsarea: he had become a
    Jewish proselyte, and a man of divine
    piety, and, by the Divine direction and
    the ministry of Peter, he became one of
    the first Gentile Christians, Acts 10.
  237. CORNER, an angle, Prov. 8:8: the
    extreme boundary, Isa. 11:12; Jer. 48:
    45: a secret place, Acts 26:26: a
    powerful ruler or leader, Zech. 10:4;
    Num. 24:7, 19.
  238. CORNER STONE, a principal stone in
    the foundation of a building, Job 38:
    6, or at the front angle, Psal. 118:22.
    Christ, as the foundation and represen-
    tative of the church's hopes, is called
    the chief-corner-stone
    , Isa. 28:16;
    Eph. 2:20.   Some corner stones in the
    fronts of palaces were polished and en-
    graved, so as to become beautiful orna-
    ments and to serve as memorials, Psal.
  239. CORNET, a kind of trumpet, Deut. 3:
    5; 2 Sam. 6:5.
  240. CORPSE, a dead body, Matt. 6:29; 2
    Kings 19:35.
  241. CORRECT, to chastise or afflict for the
    purpose of amendment, Prov. 29:17.
  242. CORRECTED, amended, Prov. 29:19:
    chastised, Heb. 12:9.
  243. CORRECTION, amendment, 2 Tim. 3:
    11: chastisement, Prov. 3:11; 22:15.
  244. CORRUPT, to make rotten, Mal. 2:3:
    to make vile or wicked, Deut. 31:29:
    to vitiate, 1 Cor. 15:33.
  245. CORRUPT, diseased, Job 17:1: putrid,
    Psal. 38:5: wicked, Gen. [6]:11,
    12: vicious, 1 Tim. 6:5: impure, Eph.
  246. CORRUPTED, diseased, Exod. 8:24:
    morally polluted, Gen. 6:12: vitiated
    or dishonoured, Mal. 2:8.
  247. CORRUPTIBLE, liable to corruption, 1
    Cor. 15:53: mortal, Rom. 1:23: perish-
    able, 1 Pet. 1:18.
  248. CORRUPTION, putrefication, Acts 2:31;
    1 Cor. 15:42: ghastliness, Dan. 10:8:
    the infectious nature of sin in the irre-
    ligious habits of ungodly men
    , 2 Pet. 1:
    4; Eph. 4:22: shame and misery the
    fruit of sin
    , Gal. 6:8.
  249. CORRUPTLY, wickedly, 2 Chron. 27:
    2; Neh. 1:7.
  250. COST, expense, 2 Sam. 19:42.
  251. COST, to be bought for, 2 Sam. 24:
  252. COSTLINESS, expensiveness, Rev. 18:
  253. COSTLY, expensive, 1 Kings 5:17; 7:
    9-11; 1 Tim. 2:9.
  254. COTES, huts or sheds to shelter sheep
    in bad weather, 2 Chron. 32:28.
  255. COTTAGE, a small or mean house, Isa.
    1:8; Zeph. 2:6.
  256. COUCH, a small bed, Psal. 6:6; Acts
  257. COUCH, to lie down, as a beast in his
    den, Job 38:40.
  258. COUCHED, did lie down, as a beast,
    Gen. 49:9.
  259. COUCHING, lying down, reposing, Ezek.
  260. COULD, was able, Gen. 27:1; Mark
  261. COULTER, the iron blade of a plough,
    1 Sam. 13:20.
  262. COUNCIL, an assembly of rulers, Luke
    22:66; Acts 4:5, 6, 15.   Among the
    Israelites, the Great Council or Sanhe-
    drin was divinely appointed, consisting
    of seventy-two elders, six from each
    tribe, Exod. 21:1, 9; Num. 11:16, 24,
    25.   This court is seldom noticed in the
    records of the kings, but its labours were
    considerable after the return of the Jews
    from Babylon.   Judea having become a
    Roman province, the power of this court
    was much restricted; and though most
    of its members conspired against Jesus
    to effect His death, and hired Judas to
    betray his Master, they were not per-
    mitted by the Romans to inflict capital
    punishment; but they prevailed to effect
    His ignominious
    crucifixion by their in-
    fluence with the venal governor Pilate
    John 11:47-53; 19:10-16; Luke 22:66.
  263. COUNSEL, serious advice, Exod. 18:
    19: prudent consideration, Deut. 32:
    28: a deliberate purpose, Neh. 4:15.
  264. COUNSEL OF GOD, the directions of His
    inspired word
    , and the motions of His
    Holy Spirit, Psal. [73]:24: the doctrine
    of His salvation by Christ, Luke 7:30:
    the revealed will of
    God, Acts 20:27:
    the wise and holy purpose of God, Acts
    2:23; Eph. 1:11.
  265. COUNSELLER, a wise adviser, 2 Sam.
    15:12; 16:23: one learned in the law,
    Ezra 7:14: a senator, Mark 15:43.
  266. COUNSELLER, a title of Christ, who is
    so called on account of His infinite wis-
    dom, grace, and excellency, as our Advo-
    cate with the Father and our instructor
    Isa. 9:6; Col. 2:3.
  267. COUNT, estimation, Exod. 12:4.
  268. COUNT, to reckon, Lev. 25:17: es-
    teem or regard, 1 Sam. 1:16; Acts 20:24;
    2 Thess. 1:11.
  269. COUNTED, numbered, 1 Kings 3:8:
    reckoned, Gen. 15:6; Acts 5:41.
  270. COUNTENANCE, the face, Gen. 4:5:
    expression of regard and affection, Gen.
    31:5: God's favour, manifested by
    the blessing of his Spirit diffused through
    the soul, Psal. 4:6; 89:15.
  271. COUNTENANCE, to support with undue
    favour, Exod. 23:3.
  272. COUNTERVAIL, to make up the loss,
    Est. 7:4.
  273. COUNTRY, a region, Gen. 19:28;
    Acts 12:27: the land of one's birth or
    habitation, Gen. 24:4: a rural dis-
    trict, Mark 5:14: a place of settled
    habitation, Heb. 11:14-16.
  274. COUNTRYMEN, natives or inhabitants
    of the same country, 2 Cor. 11:26; 1 Thess.
  275. COUPLE, two together, 2 Sam. 16:1;
    Isa. 21:7.
  276. COUPLE, to join, Exod. 26:6, 11.
  277. COUPLED, united, Exod. 26:3, 10:
    regulated, 1 Pet. 3:2.
  278. COUPLING, a loop or joining, Exod.
    26:4: a strong timber beam, 2 Chron.
  279. COURAGE, active fortitude, Josh. 2:11;
    Psal. 27:14; Acts 28:15.
  280. COURAGEOUS, bold, full of confidence,
    Josh. 1:7.
  281. COURAGEOUSLY, boldly or fearlessly,
    2 Chron. 19:11.
  282. COURSE, a class or division, 1 Chron.
    23:6; 27:1: a regular order, Ezra
    3:11: a changing turn, 1 Cor. 14:27:
    progress, 2 Tim. 4:7: the constitution,
    Jam. 3:6: a voyage, Acts 21:1: a
    commission, Acts 13:25; 2 Tim. 4:7.
  283. COURT, the entrance to a palace, Est.
    6:4, 5: an open space within a palace
    or temple, 2 Kings 20:4; Jer. 19:14:
    the yard of a private house, 2 Sam. 17:
    18: the temple or tabernacle of God,
    Psal. 65:4: a king's palace, Luke 7:
  284. COURTEOUS, affable, kind, or obliging,
    1 Pet. 3:8.
  285. COURTEOUSLY, kindly, generously,
    Acts 27:3.
  286. COUSIN, a son or daughter of a father's
    or mother's brother or sister, Luke 1:36.
  287. COVENANT, a contract between two
    parties, Gen. 21:27-32.   Covenant, as
    used by the sacred writers, denotes espe-
    cially a gracious institution of
    God made
    known to men, for their direction, bene-
    fit, and salvation: the principal cove-
    nants of Scripture are the following :--
    between God and our first parents, thus
    embracing all mankind in them: the
    condition was perfect obedience; the
    reward [fruit], life and happiness on earth and
    [was supposed by some]
    in heaven; the penalty of disobedience,
    misery, and death; and the tokens, the
    tree of life and the tree of knowledge
    of good and evil, Gen. 2:9, 15, 17; 3:
    17; Rom. 5:12; Hos. 6:7.
  289. COVENANT OF SAFETY with Noah,
    of which the rainbow was the token:
    this secures the continuance of the sea-
    sons of the year to the end of the world,
    Gen. 8:20-22; 9:9-17.
  290. COVENANT OF PROPERTY with Abra-
    and his posterity, securing to them
    possession of the land of Canaan, Gen.
    17:1, 8, 17; Deut. 9:5.
    the people of Israel at Sinai, declaring
    obedience to the ordinances of God as
    the condition of their inheriting Canaan,
    Exod. 19:1-8.
  292. COVENANT OF ROYALTY with David,
    securing, as the reward of obedience to
    God, the throne of Israel to his family,
    2 Sam. 7:8, 29.
    this has the Son of God for the Mediator
    and Surety, through whose incarnation,
    obedience, and death,
    all the blessings
    of pardon and eternal life are secured to
    , 1 Tim. 2:5; Rom. 3:24-26;
    2 Tim. 1:9; Heb. 7:22; 8:6-13.   This
    divine covenant was made known in for-
    mer ages by sacrifices, as it is now ex-
    hibited to us in the ordinance of the
    Lord's supper, Heb. 8. 9. 10.
  294. COVENANTED, stipulated or agreed,
    2 Chron. 7:18; Matt. 26:15.
  295. COVER, a lid or covering, Exod. 25:
    29; Num. 4:7.
  296. COVER, to overspread, Exod. 10:51;
    Isa. 11:9: to hide, Prov. 12:16: to pro-
    tect, Psal. 91:4: to pardon, Psal. 32:
    1: to excuse, 1 Pet. 4:8.   To "cover
    the feet"
    is to retire at noon for sleep,
    1 Sam. 24:3.
  297. COVERED, did cover, Gen. 24:65:
    did overspread, Exod. 8:6.
  298. COVERED, overspread, Gen. 7:19:
    clothed, 1 Sam. 28:14: concealed,
    Matt. 10:26: veiled, 1 Cor. 11:6.
  299. COVERING, a lid, Gen. 8:13: a veil,
    Isa. 30:22; 1 Cor. 11:15: a garment,
    Job 31:19.
  300. COVERING, overspreading or over-
    shadowing, Exod. 25:20.
  301. COVERT, a shady place, 1 Sam. 25:
    20: a thicket, as a refuge for wild
    beasts, Job 38:40: the state of
    happy security of believers in Christ,
    Isa. 32:2.
    • Covert, God as Our Protector and Comforter--HL, p. 76.
  302. COVET, to desire eagerly, Mic. 2:2.
    To covet the possessions of another is
    , Exod. 20:17: to covet spiritual
    gifts and blessings is virtue, 1 Cor. 12:
    31; 14:39.
  303. COVETED, did covet, Josh. 7:21;
    Acts 20:33.
  304. COVETOUS, eagerly desirous of increas-
    ing one's worldly wealth, Luke 16:14; 1
    Cor. 6:10.
  305. COVETOUSNESS, an inordinate desire
    for increasing wealth, Exod. 18:21.
    Covetousness is a great sin: it is idol-
    atry, the covetous mind, delighting in
    riches, being alienated from God
    , Col.
    3:5; and this principle, cherished in
    the heart, is the source of innumerable
    evils, crimes, and miseries, among man-
    , Mark 7:22; Eph. 5:3.
  306. COW, the female of oxen, Lev. 22:28;
    Job 21:10.
  307. COZ'BI, [h] (a liar), a Midianitish
    princess, a chief seducer of the Israelites
    to impurity and idolatry, as directed by
    the wicked counsel of Balaam, Num. 25:
    1-6; 15; Rev. 2:14.
  308. CRACKLING, a slight noise as of small
    sticks burning, Eccles. 7:6.
  309. CRACKNELS, small hard cakes or bis-
    cuits, 1 Kings 14:3.
  310. CRAFT, mechanic art, Acts 18:3:
    fraud, Dan. 8:25.
  311. CRAFTINESS, cunning, skilful in con-
    trivance, Job 5:13; Luke 20:23.
  312. CRAFTSMEN, mechanic artisans, 2
    Kings 24:14; Acts 19:24.
  313. CRAFTY, artful, skilful, 2 Cor. 12:16:
    fraudulent, Job 5:12.
  314. CRAG, the top of a steep rock, Job
  315. CRANE, a tall slender fowl, measuring
    three or four feet in height, remarkable
    for its periodical migrations, Jer. 8:7.
  316. CRASHING, a confused noise, as by
    falling masses, Zeph. 1:10.
  317. CRAVED, solicited, begged, Mark 15:43.
  318. CREATE, to make out of nothing, Gen.
    1:1; Heb. 11:3: to form matter into
    living beings, Gen. 1:21-27: to reproduce
    holy qualities and dispositions in the
    mind, Eph. 2:10; Psal. 51:10.
  319. CREATED, did create, Gen. 1:1, 27.
  320. CREATED, called into existence, Mal.
    2:10; Col. 1:16: formed, 1 Cor. 11:9:
    regenerated, Eph. 2:10; Col. 3:10.
  321. CREATION, the glorious works of God
    in the existing universe, Rom. 1:20: the
    act of making this world, Mark 10:6; 2
    Pet. 3:4.
  322. CREATOR, the all-wise, almighty, self-
    existent, and ever-blessed
    GOD, who
    alone gave existence, usefulness, and
    beauty, to the whole universe
    , Isa. 40:
    20; Rom. 1:25.   Our blessed Saviour, as
    the Son of God, is declared to have been
    the Creator, of all things, both material
    and intelligent
    , Col. 1:15, 16.
  323. CREATURE, a thing created, 1 Tim. 4:
    4: animal existence, Gen. 1:21: human
    beings, Mark 16:15: angelic beings,
    Ezek. 1:5; Rev. 5:13.   "[A] new creature"
    is a human being whose heart is truly
    regenerated and sanctified to holy obe-
    dience by the Holy Spirit
    , Gal. 6:15;
    Eph. 2:10.
  324. CREDITORS, those to whom money is
    owing, Deut. 15:2; Luke 7:41.
  325. CREEK, a small bay of the sea, Acts
  326. CREEP, to crawl, Lev. 11:31: to enter
    with fawning subtlety, 2 Tim. 3:6.
  327. CREEPING, crawling, Lev. 11:41; 1
    Kings 4:33.
  328. CREPT, did creep, or did enter craftily,
    Jude 4.
  329. CRES'CENS, [g] (growing), a friend
    of the apostle Paul, 2 Tim. 4:10.
  330. CRETE, [g] (carnal, fleshly), a large
    island in the Mediterranean sea, about
    200 miles long, and from 15 to 30 broad.
    This island is famous for its ancient
    populousness, in a hundred cities; but
    it suffered grievously from the Romans,
    who reduced it under their power in the
    year 66 B.C.   Many Jews were settled
    here in the apostolic age, and at an early
    period it received the gospel, and several
    of its cities were distinguished as having
    congregations of Christians, Acts 2:11;
    Tit. 1:5.   Crete is now called Candia.
  331. CRETES, Jews who were residents at
    Crete, Acts 2:11.
  332. CRETIANS, inhabitants of Crete: they
    were notorious for lying and other vices;
    yet, by the ministry of the apostle Paul,
    many were
    converted to the faith and
    service of Christ
    , Tit. 1:5, 12.
  333. CREW, did crow as a [rooster], Matt. 26:
  334. CRIB, the rack or manger for the food
    in a cattle-stall, Prov. 14:4.
  335. CRIED, did cry, Gen. 27:34: did
    exclaim, 2 Kings 11:14: did shout, Acts
    19:32: did call, Dan. 6:20: did pray,
    Matt. 14:30.   See CRY.
  336. CRIME, a public offence against the
    laws, Ezek. 7:23; Acts 25:16-27.
  337. CRIMSON, a deep scarlet die, Isa. 1:18:
    a fine stuff or cloth of this colour, 2 Chron.
    3:14; Jer. 4:30.
  338. CRIPPLE, a lame person, Acts 14:8.
  339. CRISPING-PINS, pegs or clasps for curl-
    ing the hair, Isa. 3:22.
  340. CRISPUS, Κρισπος (curled), a Jewish
    ruler of the synagogue at Corinth, con-
    verted to Christianity by the ministry
    of Paul, Acts 18:8; 1 Cor. 1:14.
  341. CROOK-BACKED, bent-shouldered, Lev.
  342. CROOKED, bent, serpentine, Job 26:
    13: contrary or immoral, Deut. 32:5;
    Psal. 125:5; Phil. 2:15: afflictive,
    Lam. 3:9.
  343. CROP, the craw of a bird, Lev. 1:6.
  344. CROP, to cut or break off, Ezek. 17:22.
  345. CROPPED, did crop or cut off, Ezek.
  346. CROSS, a kind of gibbet, John 19:17,
    19, 31: the doctrine of
    salvation by
    Christ crucified
    , 1 Cor. 1:17, 18: trouble
    or suffering for the sake of religion, Mark
    8:34.   See CRUCIFY.
  347. CROSS-WAY, a small path intersecting
    the principal road, Obad. 14.
  348. CROUCH, to stoop or bend servilely to
    those in office, 1 Sam. 2:36; Psal. 10:10.
  349. CROW, to make a noise as a [rooster], John
  350. CROWING, the noise of a [rooster], espe-
    cially before sunrise, Matt. 13:35.
  351. CROWN, the cap of state worn by sove-
    reign princes, indicating their imperial
    or royal dignity, 1 Chron. 20:2; 2 Kings
    11:12; Est. 6:8: the sacred ornament
    worn upon the mitre by the high-priest,
    Exod. 29:6: the ornamental border
    of the ark of the covenant, 25:11-25:
    personal honour, Prov. 12:4; 17:6:
    the reward of the heavenly glory, 1 Pet.
    5:4; 2 Tim. 4:8: the accumulated hon-
    ours of the Redeemer, Rev. 19:12.
    Anciently the crown or diadem was only
    an ornamental headband, Ezek. 16:12,
    made of embroidered silk or linen, Exod.
    28:36; 29:6: such we find it on
    medals.   Newly married persons wore
    crowns, Sol. Song 3:17; and kings some-
    times wore as many crowns as they had
    kingdoms, Rev. 19:12.   Our engraving re-
    presents examples of the ancient crowns
    of Egypt and Persia.
  352. CROWNING, the principal, Isa. 23:8.
  353. CRUCIFIED, did crucify, Matt. 27:
  354. CRUCIFIED, put to death on a cross,
    Matt. 27:22-26; 1 Cor. 2:2: subdued,
    weakened, or destroyed, as the power of
    sin is in the believer, by motives drawn
    from the death of Christ, as our
    , Rom. 6:6; Gal. 2:20; 5:24.
  355. CRUCIFY, to put to death by suspend-
    ing the body nailed on a wooden cross:
    this was a Roman mode of executing
    slaves and the most infamous crimi-
    nals; and thus the infidel Jewish priests
    prevailed on Pilate to order Jesus to be
    put to death
    , Matt. 20:19; 26:26-28.
    Among the Romans, the body of the suf-
    ferer sometimes remained on the cross
    until the bones fell down; but in Judea,
    the Jews were allowed to terminate the
    life of the criminal before sunset, agree-
    ably to the precept of their law, Deut.
    21:22, 23.   To "crucify...the Son of
    God afresh"
    is to renounce, or abuse,
    the doctrine of Christianity, Heb. 6:6.
  356. CRUEL, vindictive, Gen. 49:7: op-
    pressive, Exod. 6:9: pernicious, Deut.
    32:33: aggravating, Heb. 11:36.
  357. CRUELLY, savagely, inhumanly, Ezek.
  358. CRUELTY, murder, Gen. 49:5; Judg.
    9:24: barbarity, savageness, Psal. 74:
    20; Ezek. 34:4.
  359. CRUMBS, small pieces or fragments of
    bread, Matt. 15:27; Luke 16:21.
  360. CRUSE, a small urn or jar for holding
    water, honey, or oil, 1 Sam. 26:11;
    1 Kings 14:3; 17:12.   Our engraving
    represents various forms of the ancient
    cruse as used by the Egyptians.
  361. CRUSH, to bruise or break, Job 39:
    15: to wound or kill, Lam. 1:15.
  362. CRUSHED, did crush or bruise, Num.
  363. CRUSHED, bruised or injured, Lev.
    22:24: oppressed, Deut. 28:33.
  364. CRY, a loud expression of grief, Gen.
    27:34; Exod. 12:30: moaning of those
    in distress, Exod. 2:23: a call for venge-
    ance, Gen. 18:20: a complaint, Job
    34:28: prayer, Psal. 5:2; 9:12:
    shouting, Isa. 53:14: calling, Ezek.
    27:28: a dispute, Acts 23:9.
  365. CRY, to weep aloud, Exod. 32:18:
    to complain, 2 Sam. 19:28: to call out,
    Jer. 31:6: to pray, Psal. 27:7;
    Jon. 3:8: to address with affection,
    Rom. 8:15.
  366. CRYING, weeping, 1 Sam. 4:14: shout-
    ing, Zech. 4:7.
  367. CRYSTAL, a precious stone resembling
    ice in the rough mass: the Hebrew
    word translated crystal, Ezek. 1:22, is
    rendered ice, Job 6:16, and frost, Gen.
    31:40.   Some crystals are very beauti-
    ful, white, and tinged with various shades
    of yellow: valuable cups were anciently
    made of this stone; and Pliny mentions
    one worth L1250.
  368. CUBIT, the measure of a man's arm
    from the elbow to the end of the middle
    finger: this in a well-proportioned man
    is about 19 inches: some have
    reckoned it 18 inches; but the
    Hebrew cubit is believed to have been
    nearly 22 inches, Gen. 6:15,
    16; 1 Sam. 18:4; Dan. 3:1.
  369. CUCKOW: this bird is supposed to
    have been the sea-mew as intended by
    Moses, Lev. 11:16.
  370. CUCUMBERS, the fruit of a species of
    vine common in our gardens; they grow
    very large and are peculiarly delicious
    and wholesome in the rich land of Egypt,
    Num. 11:5; Isa. 1:8.
  371. CUD, the food lodged in the stomach
    of some animals, for rumination or
    chewing a second time, Lev. 11:4.
  372. CUMBER, to be fruitless, as an unfruit-
    ful professor of the
    gospel, Luke 13:7.
  373. CUMBERED, hindered, embarrassed,
    Luke 10:40.
  374. CUMBRANCE, a load of business and
    care, Deut. 1:12.
  375. CUMMIN, a plant resembling fennel,
    from whose seeds oil was extracted, Isa.
    28:25-27: they were also used as a
    spice, Matt. 23:23.
  376. CUNNING, skilful, as an ingenious
    mechanic, Exod. 38:23, 29: intelli-
    gent, Dan. 1:4: artful, Eph. 4:14.
  377. CUNNINGLY, artfully, 2 Pet. 1:16.
  378. CUP, a drinking vessel, Gen. 40:11;
    42:2: the [fruit of the vine] in the cup, Luke 22:
    20; 1 Cor. 11:27: afflictions and punish-
    ments, Psal. 75:8: divine blessings,
    Psal. 23:5.   The sufferings of our
    Saviour are represented as a cup, Matt.
    20:22.   "[T]he cup of trembling" de-
    notes the fearful judgments of God
    upon the wicked, Isa. 51:17-22: "the
    cup of salvation"
    designs the blessings
    of grace and salvation as the gift of God,
    Psal. 116:13.   Our engraving gives
    examples from Egyptian antiquities.
  379. CUPBEARER, an attendant to give
    wine to the king and his guests at a
    royal feast, Neh. 1:11; 1 Kings 10:5.
  380. CURDLED, coagulated, Job 10:10.
  381. CURE, healing, Jer. 33:6.
  382. CURE, to heal, Hos. 5:13; Luke 7:21.
  383. CURIOUS, made with great art, Exod.
    28:8: magical, Acts 19:19.
  384. CURIOUSLY, skilfully, ingeniously,
    Psal. 139:15.
  385. CURRENT, approved, as money, Gen.
  386. CURSE, the sentence of the displeasure
    of God on account of
    sin, Deut. 11:26-29;
    calamity, as a judgment of God, Jer.
    26:6: an imprecation, Neh. 10:29;
    Acts 23:12: a recorded threatening,
    Num. 5:22.   Some curses, as that of
    Noah, were predictions of evil, inspired
    by the Spirit of God, Gen. 9:25-27.
  387. CURSE, to sentence to degradation and
    misery, Gen. 12:3: to vitiate or destroy,
    Mal. 2:2: to utter imprecations, Jer. 15:
    10; Matt. 26:74.
  388. CURSED, did curse, 1 Sam. 17:43:
    did execrate, Neh. 13:25.   Holy men
    were sometimes inspired to denounce an
    awful curse on offenders, Gen. 9:25.
  389. CURSED, execrated, Gen. 3:14-17:
    under a curse, Gal. 3:10; Matt. 25:41.
  390. CURSING, a curse, Deut. 30:19: an
    imprecation, Psal. 10:7.
    • Cursing, Christian.   See Tract.
  391. CURTAINS, shady hangings, as for
    tents, beds, and windows, Exod. 26:1,
    2; Jer. 4:20.
  392. CUSH, [h] (black), a son of Ham and
    father of Nimrod, Gen. 10:6.   His poste-
    rity appear to have peopled part of
    Arabia, especially a province called
    Ethiopia, on the south-east, near the
    Red sea.
  393. CUSH, a country, supposed to be Ethi-
    opia in Africa, forming the present king-
    dom of Abyssinia, Isa. 11:11.
  394. CU'SHAN, [h] (blackness), the Arabian
    Ethiopia, including the country of Midian,
    Heb. 3:7; Num. 12:1.
  395. CU'SHI, [h] (black), an officer in the
    army of king David, 2 Sam. 18:21.
  396. CUSHI, the chief of a Jewish family,
    Jer. 36:14.
  397. CUSHI, the father of the prophet
    Zephaniah, Zeph. 1:1.
  398. CUSTODY, charge, as of persons, Est.
    2:3, 8, 14; or of things, Num. 3:36.
  399. CUSTOM, a common practice, Luke 1:
    9; 1 Cor. 11:16: a duty or tax on per-
    sons and goods paid to the government,
    Ezra 4:13; Matt. 9:9.
  400. CUT, to divide in pieces, as by a knife
    or saw, 2 Kings 24:13: to separate,
    Josh. 3:13; Acts 27:32: to vex or
    grieve, Acts 5:33: to destroy by a divine
    judgment, Exod. 12:15.
  401. CUTTING, a mark or wound on the
    body in token of mourning, Lev. 19:28.
  402. CUTTING, wounding the body, Matt.
    5:5: grinding precious stones, as a lapi-
    dary, Exod. 31:5.
  403. CYMBALS, hollow metal plates for
    music, 2 Sam. 6:5.   Knowledge and
    eloquence, without divine charity, are
    declared vain and useless, as a tinkling
    cymbal, 1 Cor. 13:1.   Our engraving
    is drawn from an Egyptian painting,
    representing a musician playing on the
    cymbals of Egypt, probably identical
    with those of the Jews.
  404. CYPRESS, a large, beautiful, and fra-
    grant evergreen, whose aromatic wood
    scarcely ever decays; therefore it was
    used for making statues of the gods in
    the East, Isa. 44:14.
  405. CY'PRUS, [g] (fair, beautiful), a large
    island in the Mediterranean, about 200
    miles long and 75 broad, abounding with
    cypress trees, from which it was named,
    Acts 4:36; 11:19, 20; 13:4, 13; 15:
    39.   Venus was the chief divinty wor-
    shipped by the pagans of Cyprus, under
    the names of Cypris and Cypria; her
    chief temple was at Paphos.   Cyprus
    has a population at present of about
    60,000 Greeks and Turks.
  406. CYRE'NE, [g] (a wall of fire), a city
    of Libya in Africa, a region west of
    Egypt, bordering on the Mediterranean,
    Acts 2:10: the site of this city is in the
    territory of the modern Barca, belonging
    to Tripoli.
  407. CYRENIAN, a native of Cyrene, Mark
  408. CYRENIANS, Jews of Cyrene, students
    of their college at Jerusalem, Acts 5:9.
  409. CYRE'NIUS, [g] (who governs), a
    Roman governor of Syria, Luke 2:2.
  410. CY'RUS, [h] (as miserable, or as heir),
    son of Cambyses, king of Persia, by
    Mandane, daughter of Astyages, king of
    Media.   He was an extraordinary youth;
    and, having married the daughter of
    Darius, his uncle, he became heir to the
    crowns of Media and Persia.   Directed
    by a special providence, he conquered
    for his uncle Darius, all the nations of
    the East, especially Babylon, as the
    appointed instrument to deliver the
    captive Jews.   Daniel, who appears to
    have been regarded as an oracle in
    Babylon, seems to have showed the
    Divine prophecies to Cyrus, and then
    to have procured the decree for the
    emancipation of the Jews, and for the
    restoration of their sacred vessels, with
    a license to re-establish Divine worship,
    and to rebuild Jerusalem, Isa. 45:1;
    Dan. 1:21; 6:28; Ezra 1:1-8.

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