Bible Dictionary: L.   1840

  1. LA'ADAH, [h] (for ornament), the chief
    of a family in Judah, 1 Chron. 4:21.
  2. LA'ADAN, [h] (for pleasure or for wit-
    ), called also Libni, the chief of a
    family of Levi, 1 Chron. 6:17; 23:
    7, 8.
  3. LA'BAN, לבן (white, or a brick), the father
    Leah and Rachel, the wives of Jacob.
    Laban was the brother of Rebekah,
    Jacob's mother, and grandson of Nahor
    the brother of Abraham: but he was a
    wretched idolator; and though indus-
    trious, we perceive him to have been
    covetous and deceitful, by his conduct
    to his nephew and son-in-law Jacob,
    Gen. 24:15-29; 28.-31.
  4. LABAN, a place in Arabia, Deut. 1:1.
  5. LABOUR, diligent care or work, Gen.
    31:42: work and its fruit, Eccles. 2:
    10, 19: toil and sufferings, Rev. 14:13.
  6. LABOUR, to work, Exod. 5:9: to travel,
    Josh. 7:3: to endeavour, Heb. 4:11.
  7. LABOURED, did work, Neh. 4:21: en-
    deavoured, Dan. 6:14.
  8. LABOURER, a workman, Jam. 5:4:
    Christian ministers are called labourers,
    on account of their evangelical and pas-
    toral work to save [rescue] the souls of men,
    Matt. 9:37; 1 Cor. 3:9.
  9. LABOURING, working, Eccles. 5:12:
    endeavouring, Col. 4:12.
  10. LACE, a platted cord or riband, Exod.
    28:28, 37.
  11. LA'CHISH, [h] (she walks, or who exists
    of herself
    ), a city of Judah, twenty-seven
    miles south-east of Jerusalem, Josh. 10:
    32; 2 Kings 18:14-17.
  12. LACK, a deficiency, Gen. 18:28; Phil.
  13. LACK, to be in want of, Matt. 19:20:
    to desire, Jam. 1:5.
  14. LACKED, failed of, Deut. 2:7: were in
    want, Acts 4:34.
  15. LACKING, wanting, Lev. 2:13: defi-
    cient, 1 Cor. 16:17.
  16. LAD, a boy, a young man.   Joseph
    was seventeen years old, Gen. 37:2,
    and Benjamin had sons, 43:8; 46:21:
    a man-servant, 1 Sam. 20:36.
  17. LADDER, a frame with steps for climb-
    ing, Gen. 28:1.
  18. LADE, to lay on a burden, Gen. 45:
    17: to impose, as taxes, 1 Kings 12:11;
    or heavy duties, Luke 11:46.
  19. LADED, did load, Gen. 42:26: did
    supply, Acts 28:10.
  20. LADEN, burdened, Gen. 45:23: op-
    pressed with guilt and sorrow, Matt. 11:
    28: sunk in evil practices, Isa. 1:4; 2
    Tim. 3:6.
  21. LADING, the load or cargo of a ship,
    Acts 27:10.
  22. LADIES, women attending princesses,
    Judg. 5:29; Est. 1:18.
  23. LADY, a woman of rank, 2 John [1-5]: a
    flourishing city, Isa. 47:5-7.
  24. LAH'MI, [h] (my bread, or my war), a
    brother of the giant Goliath, 1 Chron.
  25. LAID, did lay, put, or place, Gen. 22:
    6; 1 Kings 3:20.
  26. LAID, placed, Josh. 2:6: brought, as
    an accusation, Acts 23:29.
  27. LA'ISH, [h] (lion), a friend of king Saul,
    1 Sam. 25:44.
  28. LAKE, a body of water surrounded by
    land, Luke 5:1.   See GENNESARET.
    Hell, as the place of torment, is called a
    "lake of fire," Rev. 19:20; 21:8.
  29. LAMB, a sheep under a year old, Num.
    6:14.   On account of the inoffensive
    nature of the sheep, and the excellency
    of its flesh for food, the lamb was ap-
    pointed for
    sacrifice, as an atonement
    for sin, in the passover, Exod. 12:3, 5;
    and in the daily burnt-offering, Exod.
    39:39, 40: thus prefiguring Jesus
    Christ, who is therefore called the "Lamb
    of God that taketh away the sin of the
    John 1:29, 36; Rev. 5:6, 12, 13.
    Young disciples, as being meek, are
    called lambs, Isa. 11:6; 40:11; John 21:
    15.   Antichrist, professedly Christian,
    but in various forms wickedly assuming
    the prerogatives of Christ, is represented
    as resembling a lamb, Rev. 13:11.
  30. LAME, maimed in the limbs, 2 Sam. 4:
    4: feeble persons, Isa. 33:23: weak
    Christians, Heb. 12:13.
  31. LA'MECH, [h] (poor, made low, or who is
    ), the father of
    Noah, Gen. 5:28- 31:
    he had been sixty-one years contempo-
    rary with Adam, from whom he would
    be able to report much of the primeval
  32. LAMECH, a descendant of Cain, and
    the first to practise polygamy, Gen. 4:
  33. LAMENT, to grieve, to be sorrowful,
    Judg. 11:40; Mic. 2:4.
  34. LAMENTED, mourned or wept, as Da-
    vid for Saul and Jonathan, and the
    people for Jesus, Luke 23:27.
  35. LAMENTABLE, sorrowful or pitiful,
    Dan. 6:20.
  36. LAMENTATION, bemoaning with ex-
    pressions of grief, as at the funeral of
    Jacob, Gen. 50:10, and of Stephen, Acts
    contains the mournful elegies which
    Jeremiah wrote to commemorate the
    destruction of the city and temple of
    Jerusalem by the Chaldeans, 2 Kings
    25:9, 10; 2 Chron. 36:17-19.   These
    fine poems are each in twenty-two
    stanzas, beginning with the several let-
    ters of the Hebrew alphabet in order:
    they describe the sufferings of the Jews
    from the Babylonians, while they are
    believed to foreshow their greater mise-
    ries from the Romans, who utterly de-
    stroyed Jerusalem after the rejection
    and murder of Messiah, Luke 21:6-24.
    See Commentary.
  38. LAMP, a light with a wick in a vessel
    of oil, Exod. 35:14: a son or suc-
    cessor in a family, 1 Kings 15:4: the
    light of divine light, Prov. 6:23: reli-
    gious profession, Matt. 25:1: prospe-
    rity, Prov. 13:9.   Lamps were made
    of various kinds of metal and of differ-
    ent forms, and those of the Israelites
    probably resembled the Grecian and
  39. LANCE, a long spear, Jer. 50:42.
  40. LANCETS, short spears or javelins, 1
    Kings 18:28.
  41. LAND, the surface of a country, Gen.
    2:12; Exod. 8:24: a whole continent,
    Matt. 23:15: a province, Matt. 9:26:
    an estate, 2 Sam. 19:29; Acts 4:37:
    the inhabitants of a country, Isa. 37:
    11.   Canaan is called "Immanuel's land,"
    Isa 8:8.
  42. LANDED, got on shore from a ship,
    Acts 18:22; 21:3.
  43. LANDING, going on shore from a ship,
    Acts 28:3.
  44. LANDMARKS, stones or posts showing
    the limits of an estate, Deut. 19:14;
    Job 24:2.
  45. LANES, narrow streets, Luke 14:21.
  46. LANGUAGE, human speech, Gen. 11:1:
    this most certainly was originally given
    to our first parents by the inspiration of
    God; who, therefore, exercised Adam
    in giving names to the creatures, Gen.
    2:19, 20.   Learned men call the most
    ancient language the "Shemitish," as
    spoken by the descendants of Shem, the
    son of Noah.   This, however, was soon
    divided into three dialects: many other
    languages are now found to exist, Dan.
    3:4; of which the origin is declared in
    the Bible to have been effected by the
    Divine interposition at Babel, Gen. 11:7.
    The Shemitish dialects were,--1. Ara-
    mæan, spoken in Syria, Mesopotamia,
    and Chaldea, subdivided into the Syriac
    and Chaldee dialects.   2. Hebrew or Ca-
    naanitish dialect, spoken in Phenicia and
    its colonies.   3. Arabic, spoken with vari-
    ations in Arabia and Ethiopia.  
    bears marks of being the most ancient
    of the oriental languages; and in it the
    Old Testament, which contains the most
    ancient records in existence, was written,
    except Daniel, 2:4; 7:28; Ezra 4:8;
    6:18; 7:12-26.   The New Testament
    was written in the Greek language.
    Seventy-two distinguished languages are
    spoken of; but five which are the chief,
    viz. Hebrew, Greek, Latin, Germanic,
    and Sclavonic: the English is a com-
    pound of all these; and with the French,
    is most esteemed: ours, it seems proba-
    ble, is destined by Divine Providence,
    to become the univeral language of
    mankind, through the intelligence, influ-
    ence, and Christian missions, of Great
    Britain and America.
  47. LANGUAGE OF CANAAN, the language
    of true religion, adopted by converted
    idolators, Isa. 19:18.
  48. LANGUAGE, PURE, the holy speech of
    regenerated men, Zeph. 3:9.
  49. LANGUISH, to decline in strength,
    vigour, number, or influence, Isa. 16:8;
    Jer. 15:9.
  50. LANGUISHED, did decay and become
    ruinous, Lam. 2:8.
  51. LANGUISHING, declining in sickness,
    Psal. 41:3.
  52. LANTERNS, transparent cases for lamps
    or candles, John 18:3.
  53. LAODICE'A, [g] (a just people), the
    chief city of Phrygia in Asia Minor,
    memorable for its Christian church in
    the apostolic age, Col. 2:1; 4:13-16;
    Rev. 3:14.   This city was destroyed
    with Colosse, but soon arose from its
    ruins.   See
    COLOSSE.   It is now a mise-
    rable place, called Ladiky.
  54. LAODICE'ANS, the people of Laodicea,
    Rev. 3:14.
  55. LAP, the part of a person sitting from
    the knees to the waist, 2 Kings 4:39;
    Neh. 5:13.   The bounty and dispensa-
    tions of Providence, Prov. 16:33.
  56. LAP, to lick up, as a dog in drinking,
    Judg. 7:57.
  57. LAPPED, did lap or drink as a dog,
    Judg. 7:6.
  58. LAPI'DOTH, [h] (enlightened, or lamps),
    the husband of the prophetess Deborah,
    Judg 4:4.
  59. LAPWING, a bird about the size of a
    pigeon, commonly called pewitt and plo-
    ver, declared unclean, Lev. 11:19.
  60. LARGE, extensive, as land, Gen. 34:
    21: much, as money, Matt. 28:12:
    capacious, Isa. 30:23, 33.
  61. LARGENESS, greatness, as of intel-
    lectual power, 1 Kings 4:29.
  62. LASCIVIOUSNESS, wantonness, lewd-
    ness, Gal. 5:17; Eph. 4:19.
  63. LAST, latest in order, Gen. 49:19;
    Num. 23:10; 1 Cor. 4:9.
  64. LASTED, continued, Judg. 14:17.
  65. LASTING, enduring, Deut. 33:15.
  66. LATCHET, the string that fastens the
    shoe on the foot, Isa. 5:27; Mark 1:7.
  67. LATE, a short time ago, John 11:8:
    a prolonged time, Psal. 127:2.
  68. LATELY, not long ago, Acts 18:2.
  69. LATIN, the language of the old Ro-
    , John 19:20.
  70. LATTER, happening after something
    else, Exod. 4:8.
  71. LATTICE, a window formed of grate-
    work, Judg. 5:28; 2 Kings 1:2.
  72. LAUD, to praise or extol with songs,
    Rom. 15:11.
  73. LAUGH, to rejoice with an expression
    of gladness, Gen. 18:13; 21:6: to
    mock or ridicule, Job 22:19.   God is
    said to mock or contemn thus the wicked
    in their pride, Psal. 2:4; or misery, Prov.
  74. LAUGHED, did laugh or rejoice, Gen.
    17:17: did mock, Neh. 2:4.
  75. LAUGHING, the expression of joy, Job
  76. LAUGHTER, merriment, Eccles. 2:2;
  77. LAUNCH, to push upon the sea in a
    boat or ship, Luke 5:4; Acts 21:1.
  78. LAVER, a vessel for the convenience
    of washing, Exod. 30:18.   Solomon
    made one for the temple service, called
    a sea, so large as to hold 3,000 baths, or
    20,000 gallons, and ten smaller ones, 2
    Chron. 4:2, 5, 6.
  79. LAVISH, to waste, Isa. 46:6.
  80. LAW, a rule, precept, or command,
    having authority, as the command of
    Joseph when lord of Egypt, Gen. 47:
    26; as the ordinance of the passover,
    Exod. 12:49: the whole word of God,
    Psal. 1:2; 19:7: the writings of Moses,
    John 1:17-45: the Old Testament, John
    10:34: the
    Ten Commandments of God,
    Rom. 7:7: the gospel, Isa. 2:2; 42:4:
    the moral impression on the human
    heart, Rom. 2:14: that which has a
    constraining force, as the grace of God
    in the heart, called "the law of the
    or innate corruption, called "the
    law of sin[,]"
    Rom. 7:23-25.   Law is
    frequently used to denote the ceremonial
    institutions of Moses, Heb. 7:12; often
    the moral law of ten commandments;
    this our Lord summed up in two com-
    mandments, Matt. 22:40.   Laws which
    are ceremonial may be altered or abol-
    ished, as the Levitical institutions have
    been, Heb. 8:13; 9:1-12: but that
    which is moral is unchangeable and eter-
    nal, as the substance of the Ten Com-
    mandments, Matt. 5:17; 22:40.   God
    puts His laws in the mind, and writes
    them in the heart, by the gracious influ-
    ences of His word and Spirit
    , Jer. 31:
    33; Heb. 8:10; 10:16.
  81. LAWFUL, agreeable to law, Matt. 12:
    2-4; 22:17.
  82. LAWFULLY, according to law, 1 Tim.
    1:8; 2 Tim. 2:5.
  83. LAWGIVER, one who establishes laws,
    Gen. 49:10; Deut. 33:21.  
    God is
    the lawgiver in religion
    , Isa. 33:22;
    to whom every one must give account,
    Jam. 4:12.
  84. LAWLESS, violators of law, 1 Tim. 1:9.
  85. LAWYER, an explainer of the Jewish
    laws, Matt. 22:35; 11:45, 46.
  86. LAY, to put or place a thing, Lev. 1:7,
    8: to strike, Gen. 22:12: to impose,
    Exod. 5:8: to rest in sleep, 2 Sam. 4:5:
    to impute, Acts 7:6: to desolate, Ezek.
    35:4: to consider, Eccles. 7:2; Mal.
  87. LAYING, placing, 1 Tim. 4:14: con-
    triving, Psal. 64:5: watching, Luke 11:
    54: providing, 1 Tim. 6:19: disregard-
    ing, Mark 7:8.   "Laying on of hands,"
    was the custom of the apostles in ordain-
    ing men to any ministry in the church
    of Christ; and in answer to prayer, such
    in many cases were endowed with the
    miraculous gifts of the Spirit, Acts 7:6;
    8:18.   The elders of the churches
    followed the example of the apostles,
    1 Tim. 4:14.
  88. LAZ'ARUS, Λαζαρος (assistance of God),
    the brother of Martha and Mary of
    Bethany: his name is celebrated on
    account of his having been raised from
    death, after having been in the grave
    four days; and as one of a family greatly
    beloved by Christ, John 11:1-44.
  89. LAZARUS, a diseased beggar described
    by Christ, Luke 16:19-31.   Beggars are
    hence called lazaroni, in Italy; and a
    hospital for the sick poor a lazaretto.
  90. LEAD, a heavy, soft, and useful metal,
    well known: it was used for writing
    tablets in the early ages, Num. 31:22;
    Job 19:24; Ezek. 22:18-20.
  91. LEAD, to guide or conduct, Gen. 33:
    14; Exod. 13:21: to live, 1 Tim. 2:2:
    to seduce, 2 Tim. 3:6.
  92. LEADER, a director or guide, 1 Chron.
    12:27: a teacher, Matt. 15:14.   Mes-
    siah was promised under this character,
    Isa. 55:4.  
    God leads His people by the
    influence of His word and Spirit
    , Psal.
    23:2, 3; Rom. 8:14.
  93. LEAF, the verdure of a tree, Gen. 3:
    7; 8:11.   Leaves constitute the beauty
    of trees, Dan. 4:12.
  94. LEAF, the beauty of active piety, Psal.
    1:3.   See LEAVES.
  95. LE'AH, [h] (weary or tired), the eldest
    daughter of Laban, and wife of
    Gen. 29:16; 30:11, 12.
  96. LEAN, to rest for support, Judg. 16:
    26: to trust, Prov. 3:5.
  97. LEAN, thin of flesh, not fat, Gen. 41:
    3, 4, 19: barren, Num. 13:20.
  98. LEANED, did lean or rest, 2 Sam. 1:6;
    2 Kings 7:2.
  99. LEANING, resting, Heb. 11:21: reclin-
    ing, Job 13:23.
  100. LEANNESS, decline of flesh, as in sick-
    ness, Job 16:8: misery, Psal. 106:15;
    Isa. 24:16.
  101. LEAP, to jump, Lev. 11:21: to dart,
    Job 41:19.
  102. LEAPED, did jump, Acts 14:10; 1
    Kings 18:26: did exult over trials,
    2 Sam. 22:30.
  103. LEAPING, jumping, as in joyfulness,
    2 Sam. 6:16.
  104. LEARN, to gain knowledge, Deut. 17:
    19: to be informed, Gal. 3:2: to take
    care, 1 Tim. 1:20; Tit. 3:14.
  105. LEARNED, did gain knowledge, Ezek.
    19:3; Col. 1:7.
  106. LEARNED, filled with knowledge and
    experience, Acts 7:22: fully instructed,
    Isa. 29:11, 12.
  107. LEARNING, skill in languages or sci-
    ence, Dan. 1:4, 17: instruction, Prov.
    16:21-23; Rom. 15:15.
  108. LEASING, falsehood, Psal. 4:2; 5:6.
  109. LEAST, smallest in quantity, Num. 11:
    32: lowest in station, Judg. 6:15.
  110. LEAST, the lowest degree, Gen. 24:
    55; Acts 5:15.
  111. LEATHER, prepared skins of beasts,
    2 Kings 1:8.
  112. LEATHERN, made of leather, Matt.
  113. LEAVE, permission or license, Num.
    22:13; John 19:38: a farewell, Acts
  114. LEAVE, to separate from, Gen. 2:24: to
    forsake, Ruth 1:16: to give, as a blessing,
    Joel 2:14: to bequeath, John 14:23: to
    place, Zeph. 3:12: to omit, Rev. 11:2.
  115. LEAVED, with folds or divisions, as
    double gates, Isa. 45:1; Ezek. 41:24.
  116. LEAVEN, ferment, a kind of salt or
    acid dough put into flour to make light
    bread, Exod. 12:16; Matt. 13:33.
    Doctrines are called leaven, because of
    their pervading influence: the gospel is
    likened to it, Luke 13:21; and corrupt
    principles especially, Matt. 16:6-11; 1
    Cor. 5:6, 7.
  117. LEAVENED, mixed, as dough with
    leaven, Exod. 12:20, 34.
  118. LEAVES, the green parts of plants,
    Isa. 6:13: See LEAF: the folds of
    books, Jer. 36:23: folding or double
    doors, Ezek. 41:24.
  119. LEAVING, going from, Matt. 4:13:
    affording, 1 Pet. 2:24.
  120. LEB'ANON, [h] (white, or incense), a
    chain of limestone mountains on the
    north of
    Canaan, separating Palestine
    from the south of Syria, Deut. 3:25;
    1 Kings 5:14.   Lebanon, or Libanus
    proper, is the western ridge, reaching
    within a few miles of the Mediterranean.
    Anti-Libanus, the eastern ridge, curves
    towards Damascus; and an extensive
    district between these ridges is the val-
    ley of Lebanon, Josh. 11:17, called Cœle-
    Syria.   This range of mountains, whose
    circuit is about 300 miles, has four en-
    closures: the first rich in grain; the
    second barren; the third abounding in
    orchards and vines, as a paradise; but
    the fourth, whose summit exceeds 9000
    feet in height, is covered with snow, Jer.
    18:14.   The highest elevation is called
    Sannin, and the Arabian poets say, "The
    Sannin bears winter on his head, spring
    upon his shoulders, and autumn in his
    bosom, while summer lies sleeping at
    his feet."
      Lebanon is famous for its
    majestic cedars and various timber in
    the days of Solomon, 1 Kings 5:6-14.
    This province is supposed to contain a
    population of nearly 150,000, consisting of
    Syrian and Armenian Catholics, Greeks,
    and Greek Catholics, Druses, and Ma-
  121. LEBANON, the trees or forests of Leba-
    non, Isa. 40:16: the temple of Jeru-
    salem, built chiefly of the cedars of
    Lebanon, Zech. 11:1.
  122. LEBBE'US, Λεββαιος (a man of heart),
    the surname of Jude Thaddeus, the same
    as the apostle Jude, Matt. 10:3; Mark 3:
  123. LE'CAH, [h] (who walks out), a son of
    Er, and grandson of Judah, 1 Chron. 4:
  124. LED, guided, as by a special provi-
    dence, Gen. 24:27; Exod. 13:17: in-
    fluenced, as by the Holy Spirit
    , Rom.
    8:14: seduced, as by false doctrine,
    2 Pet. 3:17; or by unholy passions, 2
    Tim. 3:16; to idolatry and sin, 1 Cor.
    12:2: driven, as captives, Ezek. 17:12.
  125. LEDGES, ridges or borders, 1 Kings
  126. LEEK, a plant, a kind of onion, Num.
  127. LEES, dregs or sediment, Isa. 25:6:
    prosperity abused to slothfulness, Zeph.
  128. LEFT, opposite to the right, 1 Kings
    7:39, 49.   See LEAVE.
  129. LEGION, a band of 6000 Roman
    soldiers, Matt. 26:5.
  130. LEGION, the name of the poor demo-
    niac, Mark 5:9.
  131. LEGS, the lower limbs of an animal,
    Lev. 4:11: human strength, Psal. 117:
  132. LE'HABIM, [h] (flames, or points of
    ), a son of Misraim, probably an-
    cestor of the Libyans, Gen. 10:13.
  133. LE'HI (jaw-bone), a place in Philistia,
    famous for the exploit of Samson, Judg.
  134. LEISURE, spare time, Mark 6:31.
  135. LEM'UEL (God with him), a prince
    whose pious mother gave him wise coun-
    sels, Prov. 31:1-4; he is thought to
    have been
  136. LEND, to supply, as with money, on
    condition of repayment, Exod. 22:15.
    The law of Moses was remarkably bene-
    volent in requiring loans to poor Israel-
    ites, Exod. 22:25; Lev. 25:37; Deut.
    15.-28.; Luke 6:34.
  137. LENDER, one who lends, Prov. 22:7.
  138. LENGTH, extent of distance, Gen. 13:
    17; or of duration, Deut. 30:20; Eph.
  139. LENGTHEN, to extend in duration, 1
    Kings 3:14; or influence, Isa. 54:2.
  140. LENGTHENED, prolonged or extended,
    Deut. 25:15.
  141. LENGTHENING, prolonging or extend-
    ing, Dan. 4:27.
  142. LENT, did lend, Exod. 12:36.
  143. LENT, given or taken on loan, Deut.
  144. LENTILES, a plant bearing seeds re-
    sembling vetches or peas, 2 Sam. 23:
  145. LEOPARD, a beast of prey of the cat
    kind, the size of a large dog, fierce and
    subtle of nature, with a beautifully-
    spotted skin, Jer. 5:6; 13:23.
  146. LEPER, a person diseased with leprosy,
    Lev. 13:45; Matt. 8:2.
  147. LEPROSY, a dreadful plague, the symp-
    toms of which are described by Moses,
    Lev. 13.   This disease, incurable by
    medicine, was formerly common in the
    East; it still prevails in Arabia, Egypt,
    and several surrounding countries; it
    was healed among the Israelites by the
    special blessing of God, Lev. 13.; Num.
    12:10.   Our Saviour appealed to His
    healing the lepers as evidence of His
    , Matt. 11:2-5.
  148. LEPROUS, diseased with leprosy, Exod.
    4:6; Num. 12:10.
  149. LESS, smaller in quantity, Exod. 16:
    17: not in proportion to, Ezra 9:13:
    an inferior person, Heb. 7:7.
  150. LESSER, smaller, Gen. 1:16; Isa. 53:
  151. LEST, for fear that, Gen. 3:3; Psal.
    2:12; 2 Cor. 2:11.
  152. LET, to permit, Exod. 3:19: to hinder,
    Isa. 43:13; Rom. 1:13: to grant on
    lease, Matt. 21:23.   Let expresses in-
    treaty, Psal. 69:6.
  153. LETU'SHIM, [h] (who work with a
    , or who polish), a great-grandson
    of Abraham, Gen. 25:3.
  154. LETTER, an epistle, a written commu-
    nication, 2 Kings 5:5, 7: a royal pro-
    clamation, Esth. 9:29: a religious rite,
    Rom. 2:27; 2 Cor. 3:6.   Letters when
    sent were formed into a roll, and if ad-
    dressed to superiors they were enclosed
    in purses or bags of silk tied with rich
    lace and sealed.
  155. LETTERS, alphabetical characters,
    Luke 23:38: learning, John 7:15:
    written communications, 2 Kings 22:12.
  156. LEUM'MIM, [h] (Gentiles, or without
    ), a great-grandson of Abraham,
    Gen. 25:3.
  157. LE'VI, [h] (who is held and associated), the
    third son of
    Jacob, Gen. 29:34: the
    father of a famous tribe in Israel, Num.
    8:6, 26.
  158. LEVI, a name of the apostle Matthew,
    Mark 2:14; Luke 5:27-29; Mark 9:10.
  160. LEVI'ATHAN, a monster, supposed to
    be the crocodile[?], Job 41:1; Isa. 27:1.
    This terrible animal is a natural inha-
    bitant of the river Nile, and of other
    African and Asiatic rivers, of amazing
    strength and voracity.   There are several
    species of it, and in the age of Job it
    probably grew larger than it has been
    caught in modern times, yet its usual
    length is twenty feet.   In 1831 one was
    killed in the Manilla river measuring
    twenty feet in length and eleven feet in
    circumference in the smallest part of the
    body, and thirteen feet in the largest:
    the head alone weighed 275 pounds: he
    had nearly the whole of a horse in his
    stomach, the legs with the hoofs of
    which were taken out entire.
    than, in Psalm 104:26, doubtless means
    the whale[?].   See WHALE.
  161. LE'VITE, a descendant from Levi and
    of his tribe, Exod. 4:14; Acts 4:36.
  162. LEVITES, the descendants of Levi:
    in the ecclesiastical economy established
    by Moses,
    God chose the Levites as his
    lot, or clergy; the sons of Aaron to offi-
    ciate in the priesthood, and the rest to
    serve the people in the various sacred
    offices, and those of civil importance in
    the nation.   See Numbers 8:6, 26.
    The Levites constituted the ordinary
    teachers, magistrates, and judges of
    Israel, placed among the people in forty-
    eight cities.   As God's inheritance, or
    clergy, they were not suffered to possess
    any landed property, which was all divided
    among the other tribes, and they were
    made to depend for their support on the
    tithes of the produce of the soil as a
    remuneration for the services among
    the people, Num. 18:20, 32; 35:
  163. LEVITICAL, relating to the Levites as
    the priests of the Lord, Heb. 7:16.
  164. LEVIT'ICUS, the third book of Moses,
    so called as containing the laws relating
    to the ceremonies and offices of divine
    worship, to be observed by the Israelites,
    whose ministers were the Levites.   This
    book bears the evident impress of its
    divine inspiration in the wisdom, purity,
    justice, and benevolence of its ceremo-
    nial, civil, and judicial laws; and its
    merciful design, as prefiguring the priest-
    hood, sacrifice, and religion of Christ,
    Num. 16:15, 21, is evident from that
    inspired commentary on it, the Epistle
    to the Hebrews.   See Commentary.
  165. LEVY, a tribute, as of men for the
    service of the public, 1 Kings 5:13, 14.
  166. LEVY, to impose or collect the tribute
    for service, 1 Kings 9:15, 21; Num.
  167. LEWD, wicked, shameless, Acts 17:5.
  168. LEWDLY, wickedly, Ezek. 22:11
  169. LEWDNESS, lustful wickedness, Judg.
  170. LIAR, one who speaks falsely, a violater
    of truth, John 8:44: a false prophet,
    pretending to a knowledge of futurity,
    Isa. 44:25: a propagator of false doc-
    trine, or a contradictor of pure doctrine
    by disobedience, 1 John 2:4-22.
    • Liars: Charles T. Russell, Joseph Smith,
      Ellen G. White, & Moh_mm_d.
  171. LIBERAL, generous, bountiful, espec-
    ially in relieving the distressed, Isa.
    32:5, 8.
  172. LIBERALITY, bounty, pecuniary aid
    for those in distress, 1 Cor. 16:3; 2 Cor.
  173. LIBERALLY, bountifully, Deut. 15:14;
    Jam. 1:5.
  174. LIBERTINES, free citizens of Rome,
    whether Jews or proselytes, or rather,
    as some critics suppose, Jews of Libya,
    having a synagogue at Jerusalem, Acts
  175. LIBERTY, freedom from bondage, ser-
    vitude, or prison, Lev. 25:10, 47, 55:
    Isa. 61:1: a legal right to marry, as a
    widow, 1 Cor. 7:39: exemption from
    ceremonial obligation, 1 Cor. 8:9: re-
    covery from blindness of heart and
    bondage of mind by the
    grace of the
    Holy Spirit
    , 2 Cor. 3:17: freedom from
    all sin and misery in the possession of
    perfect holiness and glorious immortality
    at the resurrection, Rom. 8:21.
  176. LIB'NAH, [h] (white or whiteness), a
    place in Arabia, Num. 33:20, 21.
  177. LIBNAH, a city of the Levites in
    Judah, Josh. 21:13.
  178. LIB'YA, [g] (the heart of the sea), a re-
    gion on the coast of North Africa, on
    the southern shores of the Mediterra-
    nean, west of Egypt, Acts 2:10.   See
  179. LIB'YANS, the people of Libya, Jer.
    46:9; Dan. 11:43.
  180. LICE, vermin which breed on all
    animal bodies, indicating disease or want
    of cleanliness when found upon men:
    with swarms of these God punished the
    idolatrous Egyptians, on account of their
    abominable practices, Exod. 8:16-18.
  181. LICENCE, permission, Acts 21:40.  
    • Licence.   God will eventually judge all sin(s)
      that are not forgiven by Him.
  182. LICK, to lap, or pass the tongue over, 1
    Kings 21:19: to consume, Num. 22:4.
  183. LICKED, did lick, 1 Kings 22:38: did
    absorb, 18:38.
  184. LID, a cover, as of a box, 2 Kings
  185. LIE, an untruth, Judg. 16:10: idol-
    atry, Rom. 1:25:
    false doctrine, Isa.
    44:20; 2 Thess. 2:11; Rev. 21:27.
  186. LIE, to repose, as for sleep, Amos 6:
    4; Eccles. 4:4: to be placed, as in the
    grave, Gen. 47:30: to watch as a
    robber, Exod. 21:13.
  187. LIEN, been laid or placed, Psal. 68:
    13; John 11:17.
  188. LIERS, those who lie in wait, Josh.
    14; Judg. 9:23.
  189. LIEUTENANTS, persons holding places
    of trust in a government or an army
    under superior officers, Ezra 8:36;
    Est. 3:12.
  190. LIFE, power to act agreeably to our
    creation, Gen. 1:20-30.   Men are said to
    possess vegetable life, by which they
    grow in common with plants; animal
    life, in common with brutes, by which
    they move; and rational life, in common
    with angels, by which they reason, and
    are accountable to their
    Creator.   Ratio-
    nal life, especially as at first created in
    holiness, constitutes the image of God,
    Gen. 1:26; 2:7.   Life is a word variously
    used in Scripture, as denoting natural
    existence, Gen. 1:20; Job 33:4:
    power to act, Job 3:20: the blood,
    Gen. 9:4, 5: means of nourishment,
    Deut. 8:19: appetite, Job 33:20:
    the course of existence, Psal. 17:14:
    blessings of time, 1 Tim. 4:8: spiritu-
    ality of mind, to which a person is re-
    , and by which he serves God
    in holiness
    , John 5:24; Rom. 8:2-6:
    influences of the Holy Spirit, 2 Cor. 4:
    12: Christ, as the author of natural,
    spiritual, and immortal life
    , John 1:4;
    Col. 3:3; 1 John 5:12: the glorious
    state of Heaven, as the consummation
    of holiness, happiness, and immortality,
    John 3:36; Rom. 5:17.
  191. LIFT, to raise or heave up, Gen.
    37:28: to use a tool or weapon,
    Exod. 20:25; 2 Sam. 23:8, 18: to
    elevate to honour, Gen. 40:13: to inflate
    with pride, Isa. 2:12; Dan. 5:20.
  192. LIFTER, a supporter or defender, Psal.
  193. LIFTING, elevating, as a weapon to
    kill, 1 Chron. 11:20; or the hands to
    pray, Neh. 8:6.
  194. LIFT UP, is a phrase variously used,
    as with the eyes, Gen. 13:10; the hands,
    14:22; the voice, 21:16, &c.
  195. LIGHT, brightness, a mysterious sub-
    stance of creation, Gen. 1:3-5: the sun
    and moon, as the means of light to the
    earth, Gen. 1:16: the day, Job 24:13-
    16: the eye, as the means of light to
    the mind, Matt. 6:[22]: religious wisdom,
    Isa. 8:20: prosperity, Isa. 58:8: a
    king, 2 Sam. 21:17: a son, as preserver
    of a family name in the world, 11:36:
    God, as the infinite source of all bright-
    ness, wisdom, holiness, and happiness
    1 John 1:5; Isa. 60:20; Rev. 21:23:
    Christ, as the teacher and dispenser of
    truth, holiness, and salvation, to man-
    , Luke 2:32; John 1:4-9; Eph. 5:14:
    the word of God, as the doctrine of
    , Psal. 119:105: the gospel, as the
    doctrine of salvation
    , Matt. 4:16: John
    the Baptist, as the wise herald of Christ,
    John 5:35: the apostles, as inspired
    teachers of saving knowledge, Matt. 5:
    14: Christians, as made wise unto salva-
    tion, Luke 16:8; Eph. 5:8: spiritual
    and gracious influences, 2 Cor. 4:6: holi-
    ness, as evinced in the lives of Christians,
    1 John 1:7; 2:9, 10: the glory of hea-
    ven, as consisting of intelligence, holi-
    ness, and happiness, which the saints
    will inherit, Col. 1:12; Rev. 21:21.
  196. LIGHT, nimble, 2 Sam. 2:18: of small
    weight, Num. 21:5: little of worth,
    Judg. 9:4: of small account, 1 Sam.
    18:23; Ezek. 8:17.
  197. LIGHT, to kindle in flame, Exod. 25:
    37: to rest, Ruth 2:3.
  198. LIGHTED, did light or kindle a lamp,
    Exod. 40:25: did descend, as from rid-
    ing, Gen. 24:64.
  199. LIGHTEN, to illuminate, Ezra 9:8:
    to instruct, Luke 2:32: to lessen the
    burden, Jon. 1:5.
  200. LIGHTENED, illuminated, Rev. 18:1:
    relieved of a burden, Acts 27:18.
  201. LIGHTER, less burdensome or oppres-
    sive, 1 Kings 12:4: less worthy, Psal.
  202. LIGHTING, resting, Matt. 3:16: ma-
    nifestly influencing, Isa. 30:30.
  203. LIGHTLY, little in severity, Isa. 9:1:
    little in esteem, Matt. 9:39.
  204. LIGHTNESS, vanity, Jer. 23:32:
    negligence, 2 Cor. 1:17.
  205. LIGHTNING, the flash in the air that
    precedes thunder: modern science has
    discovered that lightning is the rapid
    motion of vast masses of electric matter,
    and thunder the noise, with its echoes,
    produced by that motion through the
    atmosphere.   Allusions are frequently
    made to lightning, as indicating the
    awful omnipotence of
    God, Exod. 19:
    16; Rev. 4:5.
  206. LIGHTS, the luminaries of heaven,
    Gen. 1:14-16: windows, 1 Kings 6:4:
    lamps, Acts 20:8: Christian graces,
    Luke 12:35.   God, as the fountain of
    wisdom, holiness, and happiness, is the

    "Father of lights," Jam. 1:17.
  207. LIGN-ALOES, an odoriferous plant or
    tree, Num. 24:6.   See ALOES.
  208. LIGURE, a precious stone, semi-trans-
    parent, of various colours, Exod. 28:
    19: some think it was a kind of jacinth.
    See JACINTH.
  209. LIKE, equal to, Exod. 15:11: resem-
    bling, 16:31.
  210. LIKE, to regard with affection, as a
    wife, Deut. 25:7: wicked men do not
    thus regard the authority and holiness
    of God
    , Rom. 1:28.
  211. LIKED, did like or regard with favour,
    1 Chron. 28:4.
  212. LIKEN, to compare, Isa. 40:18; Mark
  213. LIKENED, compared, Jer. 6:2.
  214. LIKENESS, resemblance, as man with
    God, Gen. 1:20: as a child of his fallen
    parent, Gen. 5:3.
  215. LIKEWISE, in like manner, Exod. 22:
    30; Deut. 12:30.
  216. LIKING, condition, Job 39:4; Dan.
  217. LILY, a beautiful, fragrant, and medi-
    cinal flower, of which there are many
    species: the white lily, or crown impe-
    rial, or royal lily of the Greeks, grows
    wild in Persia, and in the fields of Judea,
    Matt. 6:28.   Its beauty rendered the
    lily fit for the pattern of an elegant orna-
    ment, 1 Kings 7:26; Hos. 14:5.
  218. LIME, a mineral very useful for mor-
    tar in building, Isa. 33:12; Amos
  219. LIMIT, a boundary, Ezek. 43:12.
  220. LIMITED, restricted, Psal. 78:41:
    fixed, Heb. 4:7.
  221. LINE, a cord, Josh. 2:18-21: a mea-
    sure, Isa. 44:13; Zech. 2:1: a written
    lesson of instruction, Isa. 28:10: the
    word of God which gives instruction
    Psal. 19:4.
  222. LINEAGE, family pedigree, Luke 2:4.
  223. LINEN, a fine cloth made of flax, for
    which Egypt was famous, Exod. 28:
    42: linen was used for the garments of
    the priests, Lev. 16:23-32.   Solomon
    traded in linen, 1 Kings 10:28.   Much of
    the linen of Egypt, however, was made
    of cotton, coarse as ordinary sheeting,
    as it is still found to enwrap the ancient
    mummies or embalmed bodies, Gen. 50:2, 26.
    White linen denotes purity, Rev. 16:6.
  224. LINES, measures, 2 Sam. 8:2: pro-
    vidential arrangements, Psal. 16:6.
  225. LINGERED, delayed through hesitation,
    Gen. 19:16.
  226. LINTEL, the upper part of a door
    frame, Exod. 12:22.
  227. LI'NUS, Λινος (nets), a Christian friend
    of Paul at Rome, 2 Tim. 4:21.   Some
    suppose him to have been by birth a
    Briton, and brother of Claudia.   See
  228. LION, the noblest, most courageous,
    and most majestic, of the brute creation,
    Job 4:10.   Allusions to this terrible
    beast are very numerous in the sacred
    volume, on account of his power, fierce-
    ness, voracity, and thundering roar, Judg.
    14:18; Joel 1:6; Isa. 5:29.   Lions are
    found both in Asia and Africa; a species
    of the Asiatic is that most frequently
    mentioned in Scripture.   Apprehended
    difficulty in duty is called a lion, Prov.
    22:13; 26:13: oppressors are lions,
    Nah. 2:11: a despotic tyrant, as Nero,
    is called a lion, 2 Tim. 4:17; so is an
    enemy, Psal. 91:13:
    Judah, Gen. 49:
    9, and Dan, Deut. 33:2, are called
    "lions' whelps[,]" on account of their
    power.   Christ is called "the Lion of the
    tribe of Juda
    [h,]" as being powerful to
    vindicate the honour of his people, and
    to destroy their enemies
    , Rev. 5:5.
  229. LIONESS, the female lion, Nah. 2:12;
    Ezek. 19:2.
  230. LIPS, the external parts of the mouth,
    as the instruments of speech, 1 Sam. 1:
    13; hence "joyful lips," Psal. 65:5;
    and "lying lips," Prov. 12:22: "the
    fruit of the lips"
    is praise, Heb. 13:15.
  231. LIQUOR, juice, Num. 6:3; Exod. 22:
  232. LIST, to wish, or determine, Jam.
  233. LISTED, did wish, or resolve, Matt.
  234. LISTEN, to hearken, Isa. 49:1.
  235. LITTERS, easy carriages, Isa. 66:20.
  236. LITTLE, small in quantity, Gen. 18:
    4, or in magnitude, 19:20: short in
    distance, 35:16, or time, Job 10:20:
    few in number, Exod. 12:4: light in
    estimation, Josh. 22:17.
  237. LIVE, to be naturally alive, Gen. 65:
    3: to be in health, John 4:50: to have
    a maintenance, 1 Cor. 9:13: to serve
    God, enjoying his favour, Gen. 17:13:
    to enjoy communion with God, Psal.
    49:32: to experience the gracious
    influence of the
    Holy Spirit, through
    faith in Christ, Gal. 2:19, 20: to inherit
    immortal blessedness with God, Deut. 8:
    3; Matt. 4:4.   To "live after the flesh,"
    is to be influenced by sensual or worldly
    motives, Rom. 8:13: to "live in the
    is to be influenced and governed
    by the grace and Spirit of God, Gal. 5:25.
  238. LIVE, being alive, Exod. 21:35: burn-
    ing, Isa. 6:6.
  239. LIVED, did live, Gen. 25:1: did re-
    cover health, Num. 21:9.
  240. LIVED, continued alive, 2 Sam. 19:6:
    passed the time of life, Luke 2:36; Jam.
  241. LIVELY, full of life, Psal. 38:19:
    divinely influential, Acts 7:38: piously
    zealous, 1 Pet. 2:5.
  242. LIVER, an internal part of an animal,
    Exod. 29:13-22.   "[L]ook[ing] in the
    [,]" was a cruel practice of divination
    among the heathen, by killing animals
    to examine the tremulous entrails, Ezek.
  243. LIVING, one who is alive, 1 Kings 3:
    22: one's estate or means of support,
    Luke 8:43; 15:12: devoted to God,
    Rom. 12:1: the godly departed this life,
    Matt. 22:32.
  244. LIVING WATER, ever-springing water,
    Sol. Song 4:15: the quickening grace
    of the
    Holy Spirit, John 4:10; 7:38:
    the doctrine of the gospel, Zech. 14:8.
    Christ is called a "living stone," as the
    all-sufficient Saviour, the rock of salva-
    , 1 Pet. 2:4.
  245. LIZARD, a small, serpent-like animal,
    with legs, Lev. 11:30.

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