Bible Dictionary: I.   1840

  1. I MYSELF, Gen. 6:17.   God uses this
    pronoun with peculiarly solemn emphasis,
    to indicate His self-existence, eternity,
    and creating omnipotence
    , Exod. 3:14;
    Isa. 41:4-10; 44:6.
  2. IB'HAR, [h] (chosen), one of the sons of
    David, 2 Sam. 5:15.
  3. IB'ZAN, [h] (father of the buckles), a judge
    of Israel, successor of Jephthah, Judg.
    12:8-10.
  4. ICE, water made solid by the cold, Job
    6:16, 38:29.
  5. I-CH'ABOD, [h], (alas for the glory or
    no glory
    ), the name which the dying wife
    of Phineas gave to her newly-born son,
    of whom she was prematurely delivered,
    on hearing of the death of her husband
    and of his father Eli, and of the capture
    of the ark of God by the Philistines, 1
    Sam. 4:17-21.
  6. ICO'NIUM, [g] (arrived), the capital
    of Lycaonia, in Asia Minor: it is now
    called Koniah or Cogni, a fortified place
    of great importance to the Turks, con-
    taining about 80,000 inhabitants: it is
    260 miles south-east of Constantinople.
    Paul introduced the gospel here about
    A.D. 45: many were converted to the
    faith of Christ, and Christianity flourished
    here for a considerable time; but the
    Saracens and Turks have almost extin-
    guished the name of Christian at Koniah,
    Acts 14:1-8.
  7. ID'DO, [h] (his witness or his praise), a
    prophet who wrote the chronicles of the
    kings Rehoboam and Abijah, 2 Chron.
    12:15; 13:22.   This Iddo is supposed
    to be the "man of God" who predicted
    the overthrow of idolatry in Judah by
    king Josiah, and who was afterwards
    killed by a lion, 1 Kings 13:1, 7, 24.
  8. IDDO, the grandfather of the prophet
    Zechariah, Zech. 1:1.
  9. IDLE, lazy or unwilling to work, Exod.
    5:8-17; 1 Tim. 5:13: trifling or vain,
    Matt. 12:36; Luke 24:11.
  10. IDLENESS, slothfulness or criminal in-
    dulgence, Eccles. 10:18; Ezek. 16:49.
  11. IDOL, an image or statue of a false
    divinity, 1 Kings 15:12, 13; Acts 7:41.
    Idols were made of gold, silver, stones,
    or wood, according to the circumstances
    of those who possessed them, designed
    to represent the sun, moon, stars, and
    deceased kings, heroes, and famous wo-
    men: they were artfully contrived by the
    superstition of depraved kings and priests,
    as the means or more easily maintaining
    their influence over the people, who gene-
    rally worshipped them as true divinities,
    Deut. 24:17, 18; 1 Kings 12:27, 33;
    Psal. 115:1-8; Isa. 44:9; 46:12.
  12. IDOLS mentioned in Scripture: the
    following is a list: for the particulars of
    each, see their several names :--
        Adram-melech, Isa. 37:38.
        Anamelech, 2 Kings 17:31.
        Ashtaroth, Judges 2:13.
        Baal, Num. 22:4.
        Baalim, 1 Sam. 7:4 (plural of Baal).
        Baal-berith, Judges 8:33.
        Baal-peor, Num. 25:3.
        Beelzebub, 2 Kings 1:2.
        Bel, Isa. 46:1.
        Calf, Exod. 32:4.
        Castor, Acts 28:11.
        Chemosh, 1 Kings 11:7.
        Dagon, Judges 16:23.
        Diana, Acts 19:24, 35.
        Jupiter, Acts 14:12.
        Milcom or Molech, 1 Kings 11:5-7.
        Moloch, Lev. 18:21.
        Nebo, Isa. 15:2.
        Nergal, 2 Kings 17:30.
        Nibhaz, 2 Kings 17:31.
        Nisroch, 2 Kings 19:37.
        Pollux, Acts 28:11.
        Remphan, Acts 7:43.
        Rimmon, 2 Kings 5:18.
        Sheshach, Jer. 51:41.
        Succoth-benoth, 2 Kings 17:30.
        Tammuz, Ezek. 8:14.
        Tartak, 2 Kings 17:31.
        Teraphim, Judges 17:5.
  13. IDOL, vain, as an idol, Zech. 11:17.
  14. IDOLATER, a worshipper of idols, 1 Cor.
    5:10, 11; 6:9: a covetous person, whose
    heart is inordinately set on his wealth,
    Eph. 5:5.
  15. IDOLATRIES, the abominable practices
    of idol-worship, consisting frequently of
    human sacrifices, with various obscene
    and shocking impurities
    , 1 Pet. 4:3; 1
    Kings 11:5, 7, 33; Psal. 106:37-39.
  16. IDOLATROUS, devoted to idol-worship,
    2 Kings 23:5.
  17. IDOLATRY, the practice of worshipping
    idols, Acts 17:16.   This
    wicked and
    degrading custom appears to have arisen
    soon after the days of Noah, even if it
    had not existed in his time, and before
    the deluge.   Abraham and his father
    Terah are the earliest mentioned as guilty
    of this sin, which they committed in
    their native country, Josh. 24:2-15;
    and the abomination continued in some
    branches of his family after the call of
    Abraham, as is manifest from the idol
    gods of Laban, Gen. 31:9, 30, 34.
    Idolatry prevailed dreadfully among the
    Canaanites, Deut. 29:17; and even
    among the Israelites in the times of the
    Judges, Judg. 8:33; 11:24; 16:23;
    and afterwards, especially under the
    sanction of king Solomon, 1 Kings 11:4-
    7; of king Jeroboam, 12:28-38; and of
    king Ahab, 16:30, 31: it became the
    ruin of the kingdom of the ten tribes of
    Israel, 2 Kings 17:12-16; and, at length,
    the cause of the captivity of the Jews in
    Babylon, 2 Chron. 36:14, 16; Jer. 2:
    11, 17, 28, 34.   Enormities the most
    shocking, even to murder and suicide,
    have ever attended this outrage upon
    reason; the deluded worshippers "sacri-
    ficing their sons and their daughters unto
    devils,"
    Psal. 106:37, 38; and these crimes
    are still committed by idolators among
    the heathen, of whom it is computed
    there are still 600,000,000 of the human
    family!   Christianity itself has been cor-
    rupted by "abominable idolatries;" of
    which Roman Catholics are still guilty,
    in worshipping the virgin Mary, saints,
    and angels, and their images, and images
    of Christ and of his cross: this guilt
    however, educated persons among them
    deny, or palliate; alleging that their
    worship of these persons and things is
    not supreme adoration, which they offer
    alone to God: but the same has always
    been the manner of apology among the
    more educated pagans.   Worshipping
    angels and images is condemned through-
    out the sacred Scriptures, Exod. 20:3, 4;
    Col. 2:18.
  18. IDOLATRY (spiritual).   Idolatry may be
    cherished in the heart, of which it is
    certain that many are guilty: such is
    covetousness, Col. 3:5, and indulgence
    of appetite, Phil. 3:19.
  19. IDUME'A or EDOM, [h] (red, earthy),
    the country of the Edomites, in
    Arabia,
    south-east of Canaan: its eastern capital
    was Bozrah, Gen. 36:33; Jer. 49:13,
    and its southern was Selah, 2 Kings 14:
    7, now called Petra, whose ruins astonish
    travellers, while they illustrate the pre-
    dictions of Jeremiah, who foretold the
    overthrow and ruin of the Edomites, on
    account of their wickedness, Jer. 48:
    24; 49:13, 22; Amos 1:12.   See EDOM.
  20. IGNOMINY, shame, degradation, Prov.
    18:3.
  21. IGNORANCE, want of knowledge, Lev.
    4:2.   Ignorance is often criminal, espe-
    cially in relation to God and religion, as
    it arises chiefly from depravity of heart,
    Eph. 4:18.
  22. IGNORANT, destitute of knowledge,
    Heb. 5:2: unlearned or illiterate, Acts
    4:13.   Being ignorant, especially the
    teachers of religion, considering their
    advantages and profession, renders them
    fearfully culpable, Isa. 56:10; Acts 17:23.
  23. IGNORANTLY, without knowledge,
    Num. 15:28; Acts 17:23.   Paul, before
    his
    conversion, sinned ignorantly, or his
    proceedings would not have been for-
    given; they would have indicated judi-
    cial blindness of heart in an apostate
    from Christianity, 1 Tim. 1:15.
  24. I'JON, [h] (eye or fountain), a city of
    Israel, 1 Kings 15:20; 2 Kings 15:29.
  25. ILL, injury, Rom. 13:10.
  26. ILL, evil or calamitous, Isa. 3:11:
    disagreeable, Mic. 3:4.
  27. ILLUMINATED, enlightened with the
    doctrine and Spirit of Christ, Heb. 10:32.
  28. ILLYRICUM, [g] (exhilaration, or
    making joyful), a country of
    Europe, now
    called Albania and Sclavonia: it is about
    480 miles long and 120 broad, lying on the
    east of the gulf of Venice, having Austria
    and Hungaria on the north, and Adria
    and Macedonia on the south.   The gospel
    was successfully preached here by the
    apostle Paul, and Christians were found
    here for several centuries, Rom. 15:19.
  29. IMAGE, a likeness or representation,
    as a statue or stamp of a man, or of an
    ideal existence, especially an
    idol, 2
    Kings 3:2; 10:26; Isa. 44:10-13; Dan.
    3:1-5; Matt. 22:20.   Man being created
    in the image and likeness of God, denotes
    his intellectual and moral nature, and
    originally distinguished by his "know-
    ledge, righteousness, and true holiness,"

    Gen. 1:26, 27; Eph. 4:24; Col. 3:10.
    Christ, as the Son of God, is "the image
    of the invisible God,"
    Col. 1:[15], "the
    brightness of his glory, and the express
    image of his person,"
    Heb. 1:3.
  30. IMAGERY, the idols and instruments
    of false worship, Ezek. 8:12.
  31. IMAGE-WORK, sculpture or carved work,
    2 Chron. 3:10.
  32. IMAGINATION, a conception of the
    mind, Gen. 6:5; Psal. 38:12.   The
    imaginations of fallen man are naturally
    corrupt, Rom. 1:21; 2 Cor. 10:5.
  33. IMAGINE, to fancy or form concep-
    tions in the mind, Nah. 1:11.
  34. IMAGINED, did imagine, purpose, or
    contrive, Gen. 11:6; Psal. 10:2.
  35. IMMAN'UEL, עמנואל (God with us), the
    most significant title of
    Christ, as indi-
    cating His divinity and incarnation
    , Isa.
    7:14; 8:8.   See EMMANUEL.
  36. IMMEDIATELY, in the instant of time,
    Luke 22:1; John 5:9: in a short time,
    Luke 19:11.
    • Immersion, the only valid mode
      of Scriptural Baptism.
  37. IMMORTAL, that which cannot die or
    decay, 1 Tim. 1:17.
  38. IMMORTALITY, independence of death
    or decay, Rom. 2:7.   "God only hath
    immortality"
    essentially, 1 Tim. 6:16:
    but this favour He grants to angels and
    to His saints, Luke 20:36; 1 Cor. 15:
    53, 54; 2 Tim. 1:10.
  39. IMMUTABILITY, unchangeableness,
    Heb. 6:17.
  40. IMMUTABLE, that which is unchange-
    able, Heb. 6:18.
  41. IMPART, to bestow, Luke 3:11, or
    communicate, Rom. 1:11.
  42. IMPARTED, communicated, Job 39:
    17; 1 Thess. 2:8.
  43. IMPEDIMENT, a hindrance, as in speak-
    ing, Matt. 7:23.
  44. IMPENITENT, regardless of sins com-
    mitted against God
    , Rom. 2:5.
  45. IMPERIOUS, haughty and domineering,
    Ezek. 16:30.
  46. IMPLACABLE, not to be pacified, ma-
    licious, Rom. 1:31.
  47. IMPLEAD, to accuse of crimes before
    a judge, Acts 19:38.
  48. IMPORTUNITY, earnestness in request-
    ing, Luke 11:8.
  49. IMPOSE, to lay on, as a tax, Ezra 7:
    24.
  50. IMPOSED, enjoined by authority, Heb.
    9:10.
  51. IMPOSSIBLE, that which cannot be
    done; as God cannot violate His word
    ,
    Heb. 6:18: that which is difficult to be
    done, ver. 4.   Nothing that is right or
    good is impossible with God
    , Luke 1:57;
    Matt. 19:26.
  52. IMPOTENT, feeble or lame, as being
    diseased, John 5:3-7.
  53. IMPOVERISH, to bring to want and
    misery, Jer. 5:17.
  54. IMPOVERISHED, distressed by poverty,
    Judg. 6:6; Isa. 40:20.
  55. IMPRISONED, did shut up in prison,
    Acts 22:19.
  56. IMPRISONMENT, the state of being
    imprisoned, Ezra 7:26; Heb. 11:36.
  57. IMPUDENT, bold in wickedness, Prov.
    8:3; Ezek. 3:7.
  58. IMPUTE, to reckon or place to the
    account of any one for punishment or
    reward: thus Shimei prayed that David
    would not impute his treason to him for
    punishment, 2 Sam. 19:19.   God, in
    forgiving sinners, imputes not their guilt,

    Rom. 4:8.
  59. IMPUTED, reckoned or charged to the
    account of any one, Lev. 17:4.   God
    reckoned or imputed the sin of the world
    to Christ
    , 2 Cor. 5:19; and on this ac-
    count He "suffered for sins, the just for
    the unjust, that he might bring us to
    God,"
    1 Pet. 3:18; thus He "laid on
    him the iniquity of us all[,]"
    "mak[ing] his
    soul an offering for sin,"
    so that He be-
    came "the propitiation...for the sins of
    the whole world[,]"
    Isa. 53:5, 10, 12;
    Rom. 3:24; 1 John 2:2.   God does
    "not impute sin[,]" when He pardons us
    for the sake of Christ
    , Rom. 4:6-8; and
    He imputes righteousness to believers for
    their justification, when He gives them
    an interest in the merit, worthiness, or
    righteousness of Christ, which secures
    to them eternal life and glory, Rom. 3:
    22-26; 5:17-21; 2 Cor. 5:19, 21.
  60. IMPUTING, attributing, Hab. 1:11; 2
    Cor. 5:19.

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