Bible Dictionary: E.   1840

  1. EACH, either of two, Gen. 34:25;
    Isa. 6:2: every one of many, Judg. 21:
    22; Acts 2:3.
  2. EAGLE, the chief of the birds of prey,
    including the vulture, hawk, kite, &c.:
    it is regarded as the king of birds, on
    account of its power, rapidity, and eleva-
    tion of flight, and the terror it inspires
    into its fellows of the air.   Its strength,
    Exod. 19:4, voracity, Matt. 24:28;
    and regard for its young, Deut. 28:
    [49], have served as the occasion of many
    striking illustrations by the sacred wri-
    ters.   The eagle moults yearly, becoming
    almost bald, and then renews the vigour
    of its youth with a new set of feathers,
    Psal. 103:5.   The eagle of Scripture is
    supposed in most cases to signify the
    bearded vulture (vultur gryphus) shown
    in our cut, and still common in Egypt and
    Palestine.
  3. EAR, the organ of hearing, Exod. 21:
    6; Rev. 2:7.   Frequent allusions are
    made to the ear by the sacred penmen,
    in calling attention to their messages,
    and in securing obedience to the will of
    God, Rev. 2:11, 17, 19; Jer. 7:24.
    God inclines His ear, when He regards
    and answers our prayers, Psal. 116:1, 2.
  4. EAR, the spike or head of corn on the
    stalk enclosing the grain, Exod. 9:31;
    Mark 4:28.
  5. EAR, to plough, sow, or plant the
    ground, 1 Sam. 8:12.
  6. EARED, ploughed or prepared for seed,
    Deut. 21:4.
  7. EARING, the season of ploughing the
    ground and sowing the corn, Gen. 45:6.
  8. EARLY, soon in the morning, Gen. 19:
    2: in the season of youth, Prov. 8:17.
  9. EARN, to gain, as wages for work or
    labour, Hag. 1:6.
  10. EARNEST, part of the whole possession
    to be enjoyed at a future time, Eph. 1:
    14.   The first fruits of the Spirit in the
    graces of a Christian, are, the earnest of
    the happiness and glory of heaven, and
    the preparation for its enjoyment, 2 Cor.
    1:22; 5:5; Gal. 5:22.
  11. EARNEST, eager, fervent, or diligent,
    Heb. 2:1, 2; 2 Cor. 7:7.
  12. EARNESTLY, zealously or eagerly, Num.
    22:37; 1 Cor. 12:31.
  13. EAR-RING, a ring of gold or silver, in
    some cases set with precious stones, to
    be worn in the ear, Gen. 24:22; 35:
    4; Judg. 8:24; Hos. 2:13.   Various
    forms and patterns of this jewel were
    worn at different times by the nations
    around Palestine: our cut represents
    those of Egypt, as probably resembling
    those referred to in Scripture.
  14. EARTH, the globe of this world, Gen.
    1:1: the dry land, ver. 10: part of the
    globe, as a country or province, Psal.
    48:2; Jer. 51:7, 25: the inhabitants
    of the earth, Gen. 6:11; 11:9: a debased
    condition, Rev. 12:13: merely human
    or earthly policy, John 7:31.
  15. EARTHEN, made of earth or of clay,
    Lev. 6:28; Jer. 19:1.
  16. EARTHLY, belonging to the policy of
    this world, John 3:12; Jam. 3:15.
  17. EARTHY, originally made of earth,
    mortal, 1 Cor. 15:47-49.
  18. EARTHQUAKE, a trembling, shaking,
    or convulsion of the earth, 1 Kings 19:
    11, 12.   Earthquakes have sometimes
    been miraculous, Matt. 27:54; 28:
    2.   National or ecclesiastical convulsions
    are foretold under the impressive idea of
    earthquakes, Rev. [6]:12; 16:18.
  19. EASE, quiet, rest, Deut. 28:65: in-
    dolent repose, Luke 12:19.
  20. EASE, to relieve from pain or labour,
    Job 7:13; or from enemies, Isa. 1:24.
  21. EASED, relieved, as from pain, Job
    16:6; or from expense, 2 Cor. 8:13.
  22. EASIER, more easy or less burdensome,
    Exod. 18:22: less difficult, Matt. 19:
    24; Luke 16:17.
  23. EASILY, quickly, 1 Cor. 13:5: with-
    out difficulty, Heb. 12:1.
  24. EAST, towards the point of the heavens
    in which the sun rises.   Arabia, Assyria,
    Chaldea, Mesopotamia, Persia, and other
    countries, lay eastward of the country of
    Canaan; and Balaam, Cyrus, and the
    wise men, were said, therefore, to have
    come out of the east, Num. 23:7; Isa.
    46:11; Matt. 2:1, 2.
  25. EASTER: this word occurs only once,
    Acts 12:4: it is [suitably] so rendered
    from Eostre, a Saxon idol goddess, whose
    festival was held in April: the Greek
    word properly means passover, which is
    its translation in all other places of the
    New Testament.   See ASTAROTH.
    • Easter.   "after Easter" refers to king Herod's intention towards Peter.
  26. EASTWARD, towards the east or sun-
    rising, Gen. 13:14.
  27. EASY, not difficult, Prov. 14:6: plain,
    1 Cor. 14:9: affording peace, Matt. 11:37.
  28. EAT, to take as food, Gen. 2:16; Acts
    11:3; 2 Kings 6:28: to devour, Exod.
    10:5: to consume, Job 31:8.
  29. EATER, he who eats, Isa. 55:10: a
    devourer, Judg. 14:14.
  30. EATING, taking food, 1 Kings 1:41;
    1 Cor. 8:4.   The mode of eating among
    the Jews is still common in eastern
    nations; the guests reclined on couches
    or mattresses, resting on the left elbow,
    using only the right hand.   This con-
    sidered, will render the scene described,
    Luke 8:36-50, intelligible and interest-
    ing, showing how one of the guests could
    repose his head on the bosom of another,
    John 13:23.   Women were never pre-
    sent as guests at the meals of the Jews.
    Several passages in the New Testament
    may be strikingly illustrated by a refer-
    ence to the present mode of eating in the
    East.   In Syria the guests use their
    fingers, without knife, spoon, or plate,
    which are allowed to foreigners as a pe-
    culiar privilege.   The bread, which is
    very thin, is dipped in the soup; and it
    there is a very dainty morsel at table, the
    master of the house takes it in his fingers,
    and presents it to the mouth of his guest.

    We presume, that Judas was so near to
    our Lord, as to use the same dish, Matt.
    26:23; and that, according to the
    custom described, he received the sop
    from our Lord's hand, John 13:26-27.
    How far the table posture of the ancients
    was different from the manner of Euro-
    peans, may be understood in a tolerable
    degree from our two engravings.
  31. E'BAL, [h] (a heap), a barren hill of
    Samaria, separated from the fertile hill
    Gerizim by a narrow valley of about
    200 paces wide: on these two hills, 700
    feet high, the Israelites were commanded
    to assemble, to pronounce blessings on
    obedience to the laws of God, and curses
    on disobedience.   Blessings were to sound
    from the delightful Gerizim, and curses
    from barren Ebal, Deut. 27:5.   Joshua,
    with the Israelites, obeyed this command
    of Moses, Josh. 8:30-33.
  32. EBED'-MELECH, [h] (servant of the
    king
    ), a pious Ethiopian, and officer of
    king Zedekiah, who humanely delivered
    and relieved the persecuted prophet
    Jeremiah, Jer. 38:7-13; 39:16-
    18.
  33. EBEN-E'ZER, [h] (the stone of help),
    the name of a field, as taken from the
    stone set up by Samuel, for a memorial
    of the overthrow of the Philistines, by
    the Divine interposition delivering the
    Israelites after they had been defeated
    in the same place, when their enemies
    had captured the ark of God, 1 Sam. 4:
    1, 22; 7:12.
  34. E'BER, [h] (one that passes a passenger),
    a great-grandson of Shem, the son of
    Noah, Gen. 10:21-25.   See HEBER.
  35. ECCLESIAS'TES, [h], Koheleth, (a
    preacher
    ), the title given to the Book of
    Ecclesiastes, on account of its having
    been written by
    Solomon in that cha-
    racter, after his repentance and recovery
    from backsliding and idolatry.   In the
    former part he testifies the vanity of all
    worldly possessions as a satisfying por-
    tion to an intelligent mind; in the latter
    he urges the fear of God and practical
    religion, as the only way to happiness in
    time, and the only means to security for
    the judgment day and eternity.
    See Commentary.
  36. E'DEN, [h] (pleasure or delight), the
    country in which
    God Himself planted
    a garden, to be the delightful residence
    of Adam and Eve, Gen. 2:8-15.   This
    country is believed to have been situated
    on the banks of the river Euphrates,
    near the Persian gulf, and it is still said
    to be by travellers the richest in soil of
    any part of the Turkish empire, 2 Kings
    19:12; Ezek. 28:13.
  37. EDGE, the sharp blade of a cutting
    instrument, Eccles. 10:10; especially the
    cutting part of a sword, Exod. 17:13:
    the border, as of a curtain, 26:10, or
    of a country, 13:20.
  38. EDGED, sharp, as some swords with
    two edges, Jude 3:16; Rev. 1:16.
  39. EDIFICATION, instruction, 1 Cor. 14:
    3: improvement in holiness, Rom. 15:2.
  40. EDIFIED, instructed and established
    in the belief of Divine truth, Acts 9:31.
  41. EDIFYING, edification by doctrine, 1
    Cor. 14:5, 12: improvement in holiness,
    Eph. 4:12-16.
  42. EDIFYING, instructing or improving,
    Eph. 4:29.
  43. E'DOM, [h] (red), a name given to
    Esau, because of his being refreshed by
    Jacob's red soup, for which he sold the
    privilege of his birthright, Gen. 25:30;
    36:1.   See
    ESAU.
  44. EDOM, the country of the descendants
    of Esau, Gen. 36:1, 8, 17, 31: it was
    part of
    Arabia, lying south and south-
    east of Judea, around the eastern or
    Elanitic gulf of the Red sea: its princi-
    pal known cities were, Teman, Bozrah,
    Elath, and Eziongeber, the latter of
    which was a port of the Red sea, Num.
    20:14, 21.   Edom is called Idumea, Isa.
    34:5.   See IDUMEA.
  45. EDOMITES, the people of Edom, de-
    scendants of
    Esau, Gen. 36:9; Deut.
    23:7.   Though descended from Abra-
    ham
    and Isaac, the Edomites were ene-
    mies of the Israelites, Num. 20:14-21;
    Psal. 137:7; but they were made
    tributary to David, 2 Sam. 8:14: they
    again became independent, 2 Chron. 21:
    8-10; but on account of their wickedness,
    their country was devastated; and it
    now lies a vast field of ruins and deserts,
    as described by the prophets of God, Jer.
    49:13, 16, 18; Joel 3:19.
  46. ED'REI, [h] (a very great mass or
    cloud), a chief city of Og, king of Bashan,
    Deut. 1:4; Josh. 13:31.
  47. EFFECT, force, Matt. 15:6; Rom. 4:
    14: influence, Isa. 22:17.
  48. EFFECT, to produce or cause, Jer.
    48:30.
  49. EFFECTED, accomplished or completed,
    2 Chron. 7:11.
  50. EFFECTUAL, having [great] energy,
    Eph. 3:7; 4:16; 1 Thess. 2:13.
  51. EFFECTUALLY, eff.ly or com-
    pletely, Gal. 2:8; 1 Thess. 2:13.
  52. EFFEMINATE, womanish, voluptuous,
    excessively tender, 1 Cor. 6:9.
    • Effeminate.   See Tract.
  53. EGG, that which is laid by feathered
    animals, from which their young is pro-
    duced, Deut. 22:6; Job 39:14; some
    insects and serpents also propagated by
    laying eggs, Isa 59:5.
  54. EG'LON, [h] (heifer or chariot), a king
    of Moab, who for eighteen years op-
    pressed Israel, but was slain by the judge
    Ehud, Judg. 12:17.
  55. E'GYPT, [h] Mitzraim (that binds
    or troubles), an ancient country of Africa,
    peopled by Mizraim, a son of Ham, the
    son of Noah, from whom it received its
    name; and the Arabs still call it Mesr.
    Egypt is about 600 miles long, and from
    100 to 300 broad: it lies at the north-
    east corner of Africa, bounded on the
    north by the Mediterranean sea, on the
    east by the isthmus of Suez and the Red
    sea, which divide it from Asia, on the
    south by Abyssinia, and on the west by
    Libya.   A correct idea of the geography
    of Egypt may be best obtained from our
    map.   Egypt was divided into two dis-
    tricts, Upper Egypt, or Thebais, and
    Lower Egypt, or the Delta.   The river
    Nile, running through the whole length
    of the land, from north to south, abounds
    with fish, crocodiles, and hippopotami;
    and, by its annual overflowings, the
    country became one of the most fruitful
    in the world, so that its majestic waters
    formed the glory of the king of Egypt,
    Ezek. 29:3-5.   Egypt was, at an early
    period, famous above every other country,
    for its progress in the arts and sciences,
    Acts 7:22; 1 Kings 4:29, 30, attract-
    ing thither the most celebrated philo-
    sophers and historians of Greece, to
    complete their studies.   Pythagoras,
    Herodotus, Plato, and many others,
    sought instruction in Egypt, among its
    celebrated sages;
    yet idolatry was car-
    ried to such a height, by the wisest
    instructors of that country, that the
    Egyptians made gods for their religious
    worship, not only of the sun and moon,
    but of their various beasts, oxen, sheep,
    goats, and cats, and even of leeks, onions,
    and diseases, and of monsters having no
    existence, except in their own disordered
    imaginations.   Divine prophecy has been
    strikingly illustrated in the history of
    Egypt, Ezek. 29:8-15; 30:10-13.
    Nebuchadnezzar conquered it, as fore-
    told by the prophet; then it became
    subject to Persia; and in succession to
    the Greeks, Romans, Saracens, Mama-
    luke-slaves, and Turks.   Napolean Bona-
    parte conquered it in 1798, in the hope
    of acquiring India; but the French were
    expelled by the British, who delivered
    it up to the Turks, against whom it is
    now in a state of rebellion.   It has,
    therefore, had no prince of its own; and
    it has been "the basest of kingdoms:"
    the decrees of heaven have been accom-
    plished, and they will yet be fulfilled, in
    the triumphs of Christianity, Isa. 11:9-16.
    Egypt still abounds with vast monuments
    of its former grandeur: the ruins of
    its ancient cities and temples attest its
    magnificence, riches, and populousness.
    The tombs of its kings, the stupendous
    pyramids alone, evince these things: the
    largest of three of them, situated a few
    leagues from Cairo, the site of the cele-
    brated Memphis, according to the recent
    measurement of a French engineer, forms
    a square, each side of whose base is 746
    feet, covering more than thirteen acres
    of land: the perpendicular height of it
    is 546 feet; and it contains 6,000,000 of
    tons of stone, sufficient to build a wall
    ten feet high, and one foot thick, 1800
    miles in length!   These prodigious monu-
    ments of the ancient glory of Egypt, at
    once confirm and illustrate the truth and
    divinity of the Holy Scriptures.
  56. E'HUD, [h] (he that praises), a judge of
    Israel, who delivered his country from
    its oppression under the Moabites, Judg.
    3:15.
  57. EIGHT, a number of twice four, Gen.
    22:23.
  58. EIGHTEENTH, the next in order to
    the seventeenth, 1 Kings 15:1.
  59. EITHER, each, Num. 10:1: one or the
    other, Gen. 31:24: or, Luke 6:42;
    15:8: both, Rev. 22:2.
  60. EK'RON, [h] (barreness), a chief city
    of the Philistines, celebrated as the seat
    of their idol divinity Baalzebub, 2 Kings
    1:2; 1 Sam. 7:14.
    • El, אל.   Gen. 14:18.   See Elohim.
    • El - The Strong One
      This short title (from which some
      scholars assert Elohim is derived) is the
      most primitive Semitic name; and its
      root meaning is probably "to be strong."--HL, p. 7.
  61. E'LAH, אלה (an oak, or a curse), a king
    of Israel, murdered by one of the generals
    of his army, 1 Kings 16:8-14.
  62. ELAH, the place at, or near to which,
    David slew the giant Goliath, 1 Sam.
    17:2.
  63. E'LAM, עילם (a young man, or a virgin),
    a son of Shem, the son of
    Noah, believed
    to have been the founder of a province
    in the Persian empire, Gen. 10:22.
  64. ELAM, a province in the kingdom of
    Persia, Dan. 7. 8.
  65. ELAM, the name of two who returned,
    or their descendants, from captivity in
    Babylon, Ezra 2:7, 31.
  66. ELAMITES, the natives of the province
    of Elam, Ezra 4:9; Acts 2:9.
  67. E'LATH, [h] (a hind, strength, or an oak),
    a town on the eastern gulf of the Red
    sea, Deut. 2:8.   See EZION-GABER.
  68. EL-BETH'EL, [h] אל (God of Bethel),
    Jacob's altar at Bethel, Gen. 35:7.
    See BETHEL.
  69. EL'DAD, אלדד (loved of God): Eldad and
    Medad were two of the registered elders
    of Israel, who modestly declined the
    destined honour, but who yet were in-
    spired to prophesy among the people in
    the camp, Num. 11:26.
  70. ELDER, a senior or church officer, as
    bishop [pastor] or deacon, 1 Tim. 5:1, 19.
  71. ELDER, older, as a senior brother or
    sister, 1 Sam. 18:17; 1 Kings 2:22.
  72. ELDERS: among the Israelites, they
    were the heads of the chief families,
    reputed for experience and wisdom,
    Exod. 3:16: six were chosen out of
    each tribe, who, with Moses and Aaron,
    made seventy-two senators, 24:1; Deut.
    31:28: they were the chief rulers and
    judges of the people, Num. 11:25.   Such
    were chosen for the government of the
    several cities and towns, 2 Kings 10:1;
    Ezra 10:14.   The elders of the people
    were the expounders of the law of Moses,
    Matt. 15:2.
  73. ELDERS, officers in Christian churches:
    thus the apostles and officers of the
    church at Jerusalem are so called, Acts
    15:4, 6, 23; 16:4; 1 Pet. 5:1: bishops
    were elders, 20:17, 28, the two words
    being used interchangeably by the sacred
    writers.   Pastors, as bishops, and deacons
    also, are thus called, as men of approved
    experience and spiritual gifts, Tit. 1:5;
    Acts 6:3; Jam. 5:14.   See BISHOP.
  74. ELDEST, the oldest, Gen. 24:2; Job
    1:13.
  75. ELEA'LEH, אלעלא (ascension of God),
    a city erected by the Reubenites, Num.
    32:37.
  76. ELEA'ZAR, אלעזר (the help of God), the
    son and successor of Aaron, as high-priest
    of Israel, Exod. 6:25; 28:1
  77. ELEAZAR, a son of Aminadab, a Levite,
    to whose care the ark of God was com-
    mitted when returned by the Philistines,
    1 Sam. 7:1.
  78. ELEAZAR, one of the mighty captains
    of king David, 2 Sam. 23:9-16; 1
    Chron. 11:12-14.
  79. ELECT or ELECTA, a Christian lady of
    eminent piety, to whom John wrote his
    second inspired epistle, 2 John.
  80. ELECT, chosen, Ma[rk] 13:20.   Christ
    was the elect Mediator between God
    and man
    , Isa. 42:1: the Israelites were
    the elect nation, whom God chose to be
    the keepers of His oracles, to observe His
    ordinances, and to enjoy the blessings
    of his covenant, Isa. 45:4; Deut. 8:
    6, 7: true believers are the elect people
    of God, chosen in Christ to salvation,
    through sanctification and obedience, to
    practise holiness on earth, and to enjoy
    glory in Heaven, Eph. 1:4; 2 Thess. 2:13;
    2 Tim. 2:10.   Angels who have main-
    tained their integrity in holy obedience
    to God are called elect angels, 1 Tim. 5:
    21.   See CHOOSE, CHOSEN.
  81. ELECTED, chosen, 1 Pet. 5:13.   See
    CHOSEN.
  82. ELECTION, the gracious act of God in
    choosing [
    repentant] sinners to salvation by Jesus
    Christ, Rom. 11:5; 1 Thess. 1:4.   The
    evidence of personal election is conse-
    cration of heart and life to the service
    and glory of God, in a state of [general]
    holiness in conformity and active obedi-
    ence to His revealed will, 2 Pet. 1:5-11.
    • Election.   See List.
  83. ELEMENTS, the various kinds of
    matter of which the universe was
    formed, 2 Pet. 3:10: religious cere-
    monies, especially those of the Israelites
    established by Moses, Gal. 4:3, 9.
  84. ELEVEN, ten and one, Gen. 32:22;
    37:9; Acts 1:26.
  85. ELEVENTH, the next in order after
    the tenth, 1 Kings 6:38; Matt. 20:6.
  86. ELHA'NAN, אלחנן (the grace of God), one
    of the mighty captains of king David,
    2 Sam. 21:19.
  87. E'LI, עלי (my God), a judge and high-
    priest of Israel, of the family of Ithamar,
    according to Josephus, 1 Chron. 4:3:
    he was an upright man, but his sons,
    Hophni and Phinesas, were extremely
    wicked, though their father suffered
    them to officiate as priests, 1 Sam. 1:3;
    2:12-17.   Eli was faulty in being thus
    indulgent to his sons, whose evil doings
    he ought, as judge especially, to have
    restrained or punished: he was there-
    fore threatened by means of Samuel;
    and about twenty years after Hophni
    and Phinehas were slain by the Philis-
    tines, when the ark of God was captured,
    on hearing of which their father fell down
    and died, aged ninety-eight years, 4:11-18.
  88. ELI'AB, אליאב (God my father), the elder
    brother of
    David, 1 Sam. 17:28.
  89. ELIAB, a brave man in the army of
    David, 1 Chron. 12:9, or ELIAHBA,
    2 Sam. 23:32.
  90. ELI'AKIM, אליקים (God of the resurrec-
    tion
    ), the treasurer to king Hezekiah,
    Isa. 37:2.
  91. ELIAKIM, a king of Judah, surnamed
    Jehoiakim, and successor of his brother
    Jehoahaz, 2 Kings 23:34, 35.
  92. ELI'AS, Ήλιας, the Greek name of
    Elijah, Matt. 11:14; 17:12.   See
    ELIJAH.
  93. ELI'ASHIB, אלישיב (God of conversion),
    a high-priest of the Jews after their
    return from captivity in Babylon, Neh.
    3:1; 13:4-7.
  94. ELIE'ZER, אליעזר (God is my help), the
    steward of Abraham, a native of Da-
    mascus: his integrity and piety are
    finely illustrated in the manner of his
    executing his commission to procure a
    wife for Isaac, Gen. 15:2; 24.
  95. ELIEZER, a son of Moses, born in
    Midian, of his wife Zipporah, Exod. 4:
    24-26; 18:4.
  96. ELIEZER, son of Dodavah, a prophet
    who reproved king Jehoshaphat for his
    alliance with the wicked king Ahaziah,
    2 Chron. 20:35-37.
  97. ELI'HU, אליהוא (he is my God himself),
    the youngest of the four friends of
    Job,
    but the most eminent for wisdom: he
    was a kind of moderator in the dispute
    between Job and his other friends, vindi-
    cating the dispensation of God as wise
    and righteous, even in the afflictions of
    good men.   Elihu is believed to have
    been a descendant of Nahor, the brother
    of Abraham, Job 32:2; Gen. 11:26;
    22:20, 21.
  98. ELI'JAH, אליהו (God the Lord), called
    Elias in the New Testament, one of the
    most illustrious of the Hebrew prophets,
    and the great
    reformer [revival] of religion in
    Israel, when the bulk of the nation had
    fallen into idolatry.   The whole history
    of his public ministry is instructive, but
    especially his contest with the prophets
    of Baal
    , 1 Kings 18:19-43; his reproof
    of king Ahab for the murder of Naboth,
    21:17-24; and his translation to heaven
    without dying by the favour and power
    of God, 2 Kings 2:1-12.
  99. ELIJAH, John the Baptist, the herald
    prophet of Messiah, as predicted by
    Malachi: John came "in the spirit and
    power of Elijah,"
    declaring the truth of
    God before a corrupt people, and there-
    fore his ministry was foretold as that of
    the ancient courageous prophet, Mal. 4:
    5; Luke 1:17; Matt. 11:14.
  100. E'LIM, אילם (the rams), a place east of
    the Red sea, in Arabia, Exod. 16:1.
  101. ELIM'ELECH, אלימלך (my God is king),
    the father-in-law of Ruth, Ruth 1:2; 2:1.
  102. ELI'PHAZ, אליפז (the endeavour of God),
    a son of Esau, Gen. 35:10.
  103. ELIPHAZ, the senior friend of Job;
    and, being a Temanite, supposed by
    many to have been a descendant of
    Esau, whose son Teman is thought to
    have given name to a province in Arabia,
    Job 2:11.
  104. ELIZ'ABETH, Έλισαβετ (God hath sworn),
    the wife of Zacharias, and mother of
    John the Baptist.   She was a person of
    [great] piety; and the extraordinary
    circumstances connected with the birth
    of John, and the [link] of Elizabeth
    with the virgin Mary, require special
    consideration, Luke 1.
  105. ELISHE'BA, אלשבע, the same as Eliza-
    beth, the wife of Aaron, and mother of
    Nadab, Abihu, Eleazer, and Ithamar,
    Exod. 6:23.
  106. ELISE'US, Έλισσαος, the name of Elisha,
    rendered from the Greek, Luke 4:27.
    See ELISHA.
  107. ELI'SHA, אלישע (salvation of God), the
    disciple and follower of Elijah, and his
    successor as extraordinary prophet of
    Jehovah to Israel: his miracles proved
    his commission as a messenger of God,
    1 Kings 19:16-19; 2 Kings 2.; 13:20.
  108. EL'KANAH, אלקנה (God the jealous), the
    husband of Hannah, and father of the
    prophet Samuel, 1 Sam. 1:1.
  109. EL'NATHAN, אלנחן (God has given), a
    nobleman of Jerusalem, father-in-law of
    king Jehoiakim, 2 Kings 24:8; Jer.
    36:12-25.
    • ELOHIM, אלהים, the one true God.   Gen. 1:1.   See GOD.
    • Elohim - Plurality in Unity
      In over 2,300 of these references the
      term is applied to God.--HL, p. 5.
      Elo-
      him
      , "the title of the Creator and Ruler
      of the world, as such, and indicating the
      power and majesty of that Being to
      whom every creature owes his existence,
      his daily life, and his habitation,"
      p. 93.
      Elohim - the One worshipped and
      adored, p. 191.

    • El Elyon - God Most High--HL, p. 9.   Gen. 14:18-22.
    • El-Elohe-Israel - God of Israel--HL, p. 11.   Gen. 33:20.
    • El Olam - God of Eternity--HL, p. 11.   Gen. 20:13.
    • El-Roi, The Lord That Seeth--HL, p. 10.   Gen. 16:13, 14.
    • El Shaddai - The Almighty, All-Sufficient God--HL, p. 12.   Gen. 17:1.
    • Elah, Eloah - The Adorable One--HL, p. 8.   Ezra 4:24. Deu. 32:15-17.

  110. E'LON, [h] (oak or grove), a judge of
    Israel, Judg. 12:11, 12.
  111. ELOQUENT, having the faculty of
    speaking fluently, forcibly, and agree-
    ably, Exod. 4:10; Acts 18:24.
  112. ELSE, otherwise, Gen. 30:1; John
    14:11; Rev. 2:5.
  113. E'LUL, [h] (outcry), a Hebrew month,
    Neh. 6:15.
  114. EL'YMAS, [g] (a magician), a sorcerer
    at Paphos in the isle of Cyprus, an apos-
    tate Jew, Acts 13:6.
  115. EMBALM, to preserve the bodies of
    the dead by astringent drugs and odori-
    ferous spices, chiefly practised by the
    Egyptians, Gen. 50:2, 3, 26.   Embalming
    among the wealthy was effected thus :--

    The dissector, having made an incision
    in the side, drew out the intestines,
    except the heart and kidneys, and the
    brain was drawn through the nostrils
    with a hooked iron.   The body was then
    washed with palm-wine, anointed with
    oil of cedar, and filled with drugs and
    spices for thirty days, by which means
    it was preserved from putrefaction, and
    without losing its hair: it was then laid
    in salt for forty days; and, being taken
    out, it was washed, wrapped round with
    cloth bandages, sometimes of above 1000
    yards, dipped in myrrh, and rubbed with
    a gum peculiar to Egypt, when it was
    restored to the family, who placed it in
    a coffin made suitable to the rank and
    condition of the dead person, a figure of
    the deceased being carved on the out-
    side, with corresponding embellishments
    and paintings.   The cost of embalming
    was according to the manner in which
    it was done; the most expensive mode
    was about L300; some cost only about
    L100: but the ordinary custom with the
    poor was the injection of an astringent
    liquor into the body, and laying it in
    nitre for seventy days, which was done
    at a comparatively small expense.   Mum-
    mies, as these preserved bodies are
    called, have been kept for a long period;
    and several brought from Egypt, that
    have been recently opened in England
    and France, are supposed to have been
    more than 2000 years old!
      Jacob and
    Joseph are believed to have been thus
    embalmed, Gen. 50:2, 26.   King Asa
    appears to have been embalmed, 2 Chron.
    16:13, 14; and preparations were made
    for an expensive embalming of the body
    of Christ
    , Mark 16:1; John 19:39.
    Our engraving will convey a correct idea
    of the mode of embalming in Egypt, and
    the figures will be found good resem-
    blances of cased mummies, many of which
    are to be seen in the British Museum.

  116. EMBALMED, did embalm the body,
    Gen. 50:2, 26.
  117. EMBOLDEN, to make bold, Job 16:3.
  118. EMBOLDENED, made bold or daring,
    1 Cor. 8:10.
  119. EMBRACE, to fold within the arms, as
    an infant, 2 Kings 4:16.   To embrace
    the rock, is to take shelter in a cave,
    Job 24:8: to embrace dunghills, is to
    seek lodgings in the meanest stall for
    beasts, Lam. 4:5: to embrace wisdom,
    is to receive the doctrine of God into the
    heart, Prov. 4:8.
  120. EMBRACED, did embrace, or infold
    affectionately within the arms, Gen. 29:
    13; 48:10: did cordially receive, as
    the promises of life and salvation by
    Christ
    , Heb. 11:13.
  121. EMBRACING, infolding in the arms
    affectionately, Eccles. 3:5; Acts 20:10.
  122. EMBROIDER, to work cloth in various
    colours and figures with the needle, Exod.
    28:39.
  123. EMBROIDERER, one that decorates
    clothes with needle-work, Exod. 35:
    35; 38:23.
  124. EMERALD, a gem of a deep green
    colour: it is seldom found larger than a
    pea, and clear ones are very rare and
    precious: those of the East Indies are
    esteemed the most beautiful of all the
    gems.   This stone was the fourth in the
    sacred breastplate of Aaron, Exod.
    28:18; Rev. 4:3.
  125. EMERODS, bloody tumors, the piles,
    Deut. 28:27; 1 Sam. 5:6; 6:4, 5.
  126. E'MIMS, [h] (fear of terrors), native
    tribes of the north-eastern Canaanites
    in the time of Abraham, Gen. 14:5.
  127. EMINENT, elevated or distinguished,
    Ezek. 16:24.
  128. EMMAN'UEL, ΈΜΜΑΝΟΥΗΛ (God with
    us
    ), a title of our Saviour, indicating the
    mystery and reality of His incarnation, as
    "God was manifest in the flesh" to be capable
    of suffering as our Redeemer
    , Isa. 7:14;
    8:8; Matt. 1:23; 1 Tim. 3:16.
  129. EM'MAUS, [g] (people despised), a
    village about seven miles from Jeru-
    salem, Luke 24:13.
  130. EM'MOR, [g], or Hamor (an ass), a
    prince of Shechem, Acts 7:16; Gen.
    23:18, 19.
  131. EMPIRE, a dominion including several
    countries or kingdoms, Est. 1:20.
  132. EMPLOY, to work or use, Deut. 20:19.
  133. EMPLOYED, occupied, as at work or
    in duty, 1 Chron. 9:33; Ezra 10:15.
  134. EMPLOYMENT, work or occupation,
    Ezek. 39:14.
  135. EMPTIED, did empty, as a filled
    pitcher, Gen. 24:20; or a loaded
    sack, 42:35; or a full chest, 2 Chron.
    24:11: by pouring or lifting out their
    contents.
  136. EMPTIERS, those who empty or make
    void, as the soldiers or ravagers of a cap-
    tured city, Nah. 2:2.
  137. EMPTINESS, void space: "the stones
    of emptiness"
    indicate desolated build-
    ings, Isa. 34:11.
  138. EMPTY, void or destitute, as a pit or
    pitcher void of water, Gen. 37:24;
    a person destitute of property or means
    of support, 31:42; Deut. 15:13; or a
    city of inhabitants, Nah. 2:10.
  139. EMPTY, to discharge or pour out the
    things contained, as clouds pour out
    their waters, Eccles. 11:3, and vessels
    their oil, Zech. 4:12.
  140. EMULATION, endeavour to do more
    than others, or to excel them in action,
    Rom. 11:14.

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