Bible Dictionary: Mn.   1840

  1. MNA'SON, [g] (a diligent seeker), an
    aged Christian Jew of the isle of Cyprus,
    settled at Jerusalem, Acts 21:16.
  2. MO'AB, [h] (of the father), the son of
    Lot by his eldest daughter, Gen. 19:37.
  3. MOAB, the nation founded by Moab,
    the son of Lot, dwelling on the east side
    of the sea of Sodom, bordering on Arabia,
    Exod. 15:15; Deut. 2:18.
  4. MOABITES, the people of Moab, who
    were bitter enemies of Israel, and ruinous
    to thousands of them by their idolatries
    and incentiousness, Num. 25:1; 1 Kings
  5. MOCK, to deride, Prov. 1:26: to abuse,
    Gen. 39:17.
  6. MOCKED, did mock or ridicule, 1 Kings
    18:27: did insult, Num. 4:1.
  7. MOCKED, insulted, Num. 22:29; Luke
    18:32: scorned, Gal. 6:7.
  8. MOCKERS, profane scoffers at religion,
    Jude 18.
  9. MOCKING, an object of contempt, Ezek.
    22:4: insult, Heb. 11:36.
  10. MOCKING, insulting ridiculing, Gen.
    21:9; Matt. 27:41.
  11. MODERATELY, in the necessary de-
    gree, Joel 2:23.
  12. MODERATION, calmness of mind, in
    relation to worldly things, Phil. 4:5.
  13. MODEST, becoming and decent, indi-
    cating purity of mind, 1 Tim. 2:9.
  14. MOIST, mellow, not dried, Num. 6:3.
  15. MOISTENED, well tempered in health,
    Job 21:24.
  16. MOISTURE, wetness in a small degree,
    Luke 8:6.
  17. MOLE, a small animal that burrows in
    the earth, Lev. 11:30; Isa. 2:20.
  18. MO'LECH, [h] or MOLOCH (king), the
    idol god of the Ammonites, 1 Kings
    11:5, 33.   The idol was made of brass,
    seated on a throne of the same, with the
    head of a calf, and a crown on it: human
    sacrifices were offered to this abomina-
    tion, especially children by their own
    parents, Lev. 18:21; 20:2.   The child
    was put into the arms of the heated
    brazen divinity, and falling into the hol-
    low image, was devoured by fire, Psal.
    106:37; Jer. 19:4-6; Ezek. 23:37, 38.
    Practising these horrible customs, brought
    destruction upon Jerusalem, 2 Chron.
    36:14-20.   Infanticide is still prac-
    tised in heathen countries, and the burn-
    ing of widows is only a kindred cruelty.
  19. MOLLIFIED, softened, Isa. 1:6.
  20. MOLTEN, melted, as metal, Job 28:2;
    1 Kings 7:16-33: molten gods were idols
    made of melted metal, Exod. 32:4.
  21. MOMENT, a point of time, Exod. 33:
    5; 1 Cor. 15:62; 2 Cor. 4:17.
  22. MONEY, metal, cut or coined in pieces,
    or in small wedges, for the convenience
    of trade: this medium of traffic existed
    at a very early period, as we see by the
    payment of money in weight by Abra-
    ham, Gen. 23:9-16.   Gold, as well as
    silver, was used for money, Josh. 7:
    21-24: and the practice of weighing
    money, as remarked by travellers, is still
    general among the merchants of Syria,
    Egypt, and all the Turkish empire, as in
    the days of Abraham.   The shekel ap-
    pears to have been the earliest standard
    piece of money, which is reckoned about
    half an ounce, and in silver, worth about
    two shillings and sixpence: but for many
    ages it was not coined in stamped pieces.
    Our engraving represents various Egyp-
    tian coins: those in the form of rings are
    the more ancient; the stamped coins
    belong to the Ptolemean sovereigns.
    Perfect accuracy cannot perhaps be at-
    tained in relation to the Hebrew, Greek,
    and Roman coins: but the following is
    taken from the most respectable autho-
    rities, reckoning standard silver at 5s.
    per oz., and standard gold at L3 10s.
    per oz.


    L s. d.

    1. Mite, Mark 12:42; it weighed half a
            barley corn, and was in value,
            about   .   .   .   .   .   0   0   0{5/8}
    2. Farthing, a Quadrans, Mark 12:42,
            two mites .   .   .   .   .   0   0   0¾
    3. Assarium, or Ass, Matt. 10:29, the
            tenth part of a Roman penny   .   0   0   0


    L s. d.

    1. Gerah, Exod. 30:13, about   0   0   1½
    2. Penny, Matt. 20:2, the Greek
            Drachma, ten Roman Asses, or the
            fourth part of a Hebrew Shekel .   0   0   7½
    3. Bekah, Exod. 38:26, half a
            Shekel   .   .   .   .   .   0   1   3
    4. Shekel, Exod. 30:13; or Silverling,
            Isa. 7:23; or Stater, Matt. 17:
            27; stamped on one side with
            Aaron's rod, and on the other with
            a pot of manna .   .   .   .   0   2   6
    5. Maneh, Ezek. 45:12: Greek Mina,
            or Pound, Luke 19:13, fifty
            Shekels   .   .   .   .   .   6   5   0
    6. Talent, sixty Manehs   .   .   .   375   0   0


    L s. d.

    1. Solidus Aureus, or Sextula, about .   0   12   2
    2. Shekel of gold, fourteen times the
            value of silver .   .   .   .   1   15   0
    3. Talent of gold, 3000 Shekels .   . 5250   0   0

  23. MONEY-CHANGERS, a sort of bankers,
    who exchanged foreign coins for those
    current, Matt. 21:12.   The number of
    foreign Jews who visited Jerusalem at the
    Passover and other festivals, rendered
    such a business very lucrative, Deut. 14:
    23-26; Neh. 10:32-39; Acts 2:5, 9, 11.
  24. MONSTERS, huge animals, Lam. 4:3.

    Nearly corre-
    sponding with
    our Months of
    of the
    and Memorable Days.
    Abib, or Nisan,
    Exod. 12:2-18; 13:
    4; Est. 3:7.
    14. Paschal Lamb killed.
    15. PASSOVER.
    16. First fruits of barley har-
          vest presented to the LORD.
    21. Last day of the Passover.
    Zif, or Iyar,
    1 Kings 6:1.
    Est. 8:9.
        First fruits of wheat offered
        to the LORD.
    Ezek. 8:14.
    Neh. 6:15.
    Hot Season.
    9. Solomon's Temple taken by
        the Chaldeans; and the
        second Temple afterwards
        by the Romans.
    Ethanim, or Tisri,
    1 Kings 8:2.
    Hot Season.
    Seed Time.
     1. Feast of Trumpets.
    10. Day of Atonement.
    22. Last day of the feast.
    Marchesvan, or Bul,
    1 Kings 6:38.
    Seed Time.
    Zech. 7:1.
    Seed Time.
    25. Feast of the Dedication of
          the second Temple.
    Est. 2:16.
    Zech. 1:7.
    Cold Season.
    Est. 3:7.   Ve-Adar,
         or Second Adar,
         is here added when
    Cold Season.
    14 and 15. Feast of Purim.
         Est. 9:18-21.

  25. MONTH, a space of four weeks, or the
    period of the revolution of the moon,
    Gen. 29:14.   The Israelites reckoned
    their time by months, of which they had
    two series; one for civil purposes, com-
    mencing the year in their month, Etha-
    nim, the seventh of the sacred year,
    1 Kings 8:2, computing from the crea-
    tion of the world, and answering to our
    September; the other for their sacred
    purposes in their festivals, commencing
    the year in their month Abib, the seventh
    of the civil year, computing from the
    redemption from Egypt, Exod. 12:2-18;
    13:4, and answering to our March.   The
    preceding table exhibits the order of the
    Jewish months, with the principal religi-
    ous festivals of the Israelites and Jews.
  26. MONTHLY, every month, Isa. 47:13.
  27. MONUMENTS, tombs for memorials,
    Isa. 65:4.
  28. MOON, the glorious luminary that at-
    tends our earth, reflecting the light of
    the sun at night, Gen. 1:16; Psal. 8:3.
    This magnificent planet has a diameter
    of 2175 miles; her surface is estimated at
    14,000,000 of square miles; and her dis-
    tance from the earth 240,000 miles: she
    revolves on her own axis in the same
    time that she takes to move round the
    earth, and from one conjunction with the
    sun to another, the period is 29 days,
    12 hours, 44 minutes, and 3 seconds.
    The moon is an opaque body, deriving
    her light from the sun, and reflecting it
    for our benefit upon the earth; and with
    the united influences of the sun and
    moon, the regular motion of the tides is
    produced in the sea.   The moon has
    been an object of religious worship in
    heathen nations, under various
    names, as Ashtaroth, Diana, the Queen
    of heaven, &c., Jer. 44:17-25.
  29. MOR'DECAI, [h] (contrition, or bitter
    ), the uncle of queen Esther, a
    Jew, descended from the royal house of
    king Saul, and who rose to great honour
    in the palace of Ahasuerus, after the fall
    of Haman, Est. 2:5; 8:1-3; 9:4.
  30. MORE, greater, in degree, Gen. 29:
    30: in number, Exod. 1:9: in quantity,
    16:17: in duration, Lev. 13:5.
  31. MOREOVER, besides, Psal. 19:11.
  32. MORIAH, [h] (bitterness of the Lord, or
    doctrine of the Lord), a hill on the north-
    east side of Jerusalem, supposed to be
    that on which
    Abraham offered Isaac by
    the Divine direction, Gen. 22:2: it was
    under cultivation in the time of David,
    who purchased it of Araunah, 2 Sam.
    24:16-25, as the site of the temple of
    Solomon, 2 Chron. 3:1.
  33. MORNING, the fore part of the day,
    Gen. 19:15; Mark 13:35: early, Psal.
    5:3: speedily, 30:5: daily, 73:14:
    the resurrection to eternal day, 49:14.
  34. MORNING-STAR, an expressive title
    assumed by Christ
    , Rev. 22:16.
  35. MORNING-STARS, angels, Job 38:7.
  36. MORROW, the ensuing day, Exod. 9:
    5, 6; Josh. 5:12; Jam. 4:14.
  37. MORSEL, a small piece, Psal. 147:
    17: a supply of food, Gen. 18:5: a
    meal, Heb. 12:16.
  38. MORTAL, subject to death, Rom. 6:12.
  39. MORTALITY, the state of being liable
    to death, 2 Cor. 5:4.
  40. MORTALLY, deathly, irrecoverably,
    Deut. 19:11.
  41. MORTAR, a vessel to pound or grind
    in, Num. 11:8.
  42. MORTER, cement for building with
    bricks, Gen. 11:3; Exod. 1:14.
  43. MORTGAGED, pledged or secured, as
    lands and houses are for the repayment
    of money which rich persons have lent
    to the owners, Neh. 5:3.
  44. MORTIFY, to subdue by discipline,
    Rom. 8:13; Col. 3:5.
  45. MOSE'ROTH, [h] (erudition, or disci-
    ), a place near mount Hor, where
    Aaron died, Num. 33:0; Deut. 10:6:
    it is called also Mosera.
  46. MO'SES, משה (taken out of the water), the
    most eminent of the prophets of
    honoured as the deliverer of the people
    of Israel from Egypt.   His preservation
    when an infant; his adoption by the
    daughter of Pharoah; his education in
    all the wisdom of the Egyptians as for
    the throne; his exile forty years in the
    land of Midian; his commission to redeem
    Israel; his leading them out of Egypt
    and establishing a new dispensation of
    religion, as recorded in his writings; and
    his death in the vigour of life, at the age
    of one hundred and twenty years, are all
    remarkable and peculiarly instructive.
    As a legislator and ruler of a nation, no
    one has ever exhibited such wisdom,
    justice, and moral worth, proving him to
    have been, as he declared that he was,
    divinely inspired and supported by God,
    Exod. 2:10; 3:10; Deut. 34:5-10.
    • Moses, wrote the Pentateuch (1st five books of the O.T.)
  47. MOST, the greater number, Prov. 20:
    6: in the greatest degree, Acts 20:38.
  48. MOTE, a small particle, Matt. 15:2-5.
  49. MOTH, a kind of fly, proverbially feeble,
    Job 4:19, which feeds on cloth, 13:28:
    that which wastes, Psal. 39:11.
  50. MOTHER, a woman that has borne a
    child, Exod. 2:8: the dam of a beast,
    23:19: a woman acting as parent or
    teacher, 20:12: a matron of superior
    wisdom and courage, Judg. 5:7.   Mother
    is applied to a chief city of a tribe or
    country, 2 Sam. 20:19: the heavenly
    Jerusalem, as the metropolis of the church
    of God, Gal. 4:26.  
    Rome is called
    MOTHER OF HARLOTS, as the seat of
    ecclesiastical corruptions, Rev. 17:5.
  51. MOTIONS, acts or tendencies, Rom. 7:5.
  52. MOULDLY, overgrown with cryptogamic
    vegetation, Josh. 9:5.
  53. MOUNT, to ascend as a bird, Job
    39:27: as a lofty building, Jer. 51:53.
  54. MOUNT, a mountain, of which there
    were many in Canaan, Exod. 18:5.
  55. MOUNTAIN, a vast hill formed by the
    Creator, Psal. 90:2.   Asia has a moun-
    tain 26,462 feet above the level of the
    sea; the highest mountain in America
    is 21,441 feet; the highest in Europe is
    15,662 feet; the highest in Africa is
    13,000 feet; and Lebanon, on the north
    of Canaan, rises 9526 feet.   Divine in-
    spiration employs the grand similitude
    of a mountain, to represent many things
    for our instruction; as the church of God,
    of which mount Zion with the temple
    was a type, Isa. 2:2: great obstacles to
    the progress of the gospel, 40:4: places
    of power and authority, Amos 4:1:
    powerful enemies, Isa. 41:15: high
    places, on which idols were worshipped,
    57:7: idol worshippers, Ezek. 6:23.

    1. Seir in Idumea, Gen. 14:6; Deut. 2:1.
    2. Gilead beyond, or east of, Jordan,
        Gen. 31:21.
    3. Sinai in Arabia, Exod. 19:1, 2;
        Gal. 4:25.
    4. Horeb near to Sinai, Exod. 3:1;
        33:6; 34:4.
    5. Paran, Gen. 14:6; Deut. 33:1.
    6. Hor in Idumea, Num. 20:22-28.
    7. Lebanon, north of Canaan in Syria,
        Deut. 3:25; 1 Kings 5:14.
    8. Hermon, the southernmost point of
        Lebanon, Deut. 3:8, 9; 4:48.

    9. Engedi in Judah, near the Dead Sea,
        Josh. 15:62; 1 Sam. 23:25-29.
    10. Nebo, part of the Abarim, Deut.
    11. Pisgah, the highest point of the
        Abarim, Deut. 34:1-6.
    12. Tabor in Galilee, parallel with Her-
        mon, Judg. 4:6-12.
    13. Amalek in Ephraim, Judg. 3:27;
    14. Carmel, near Ptolemais, on the Medi-
        terranean, 1 Kings 18:19, 42.
    15. Ebal in Ephraim, Deut. 27:4-13;
        Josh. 8:30-33.
    16. Gerizim, near Ebal, Judg. 9:7.
    17. Ephraim or Gaash, in Galilee, Judg.
    18. Gilboa, near Samaria, 1 Sam. 31:1.
    19. Moriah, north-east of Jerusalem, the
        site of the temple, 2 Chron. 3:1.
    20. Sion or Zion, near Moriah, 2 Sam. 5:7.
    21. Calvary, north-west of Jerusalem,
        Luke 23:33.
    22. Olives or Olivet, near Jerusalem,
        Luke 19:29-37; Acts 1:12.

  56. MOUNT OF CORRUPTION, a name given
    to Olivet on account of the idol abomi-
    nations of king Solomon, 2 Kings 23:
  57. MOURN, to lament or bewail, especially
    for the dead, Gen. 23:2; 2 Sam. 3:
    31: to sympathise with those bereaved
    and afflicted, Job 2:11.   When we read
    that Lebanon, Ezek. 31:5, the land,
    Hos. 4:3, the ways of Zion, and all her
    gates, mourn, Isa. 3:26, we are to un-
    derstand public calamities.
  58. MOURNED, did mourn, as Jacob mourn-
    ed for Joseph, as if dead, Gen. 37:
    34, as the Egyptians mourned for Jacob
    at his death, 50:3; and the congregation
    of Israel for Aaron, Num. 20:29.
  59. MOURNER, a person affected with grief,
    2 Sam. 14:21; Eccles. 12:5.
  60. MOURNFULLY, sorrowfully, Mal. 3:14.
  61. MOURNING, sorrow, Est. 4:3: this
    may be natural, as the consequence of
    calamity, 2 Sam. 19:2: or evangelical
    as the fruit of repentance, Isa. 61:3.
    mourning for the dead, in the East, was
    very expressive, Job 1:20; 2:11-13.   The
    Egyptians mourned seventy days for
    Jacob, Gen. 50:3: the mourning for Aaron,
    Num. 20:29, and Moses, Deut. 34:8,
    was each thirty days.   Funereal mourn-
    ing was carried on upon a system among
    the Jews, and women were hired for the
    purpose, some of them accompanying
    their lamentations with instrumental
    music, Jer. 9:17; Matt. 9:23: this cus-
    tom is still observed in the East, espe-
    cially in Turkey.   See MINSTREL.
  62. MOUSE, a small, well-known, destruc-
    tive animal, found in dwelling-houses,
    Lev. 11:29; and among corn, 2 Sam.
  63. MOUTH, the aperture in the face by
    which food is received, and which is the
    instrument of speech, Psal. 115:5: the
    palate, Job 12:11: speech or words,
    19:16; Psal. 73:9: just desires, 1
    Kings 11:1-7: necessities, Psal. 103:5:
    boasting, Judg. 9:18: calumnies or
    reproaches, Job 5:1: verbal testimony,
    Deut. 17:6: the memory and speech,
    Deut. 31:19: the opening of a well,
    Gen. 29:2, 3: the entrance of a sack,
    42:27.   Mouth, ascribed to God, signi-
    fies His will and word delivered by His
    inspired servants
    , Josh. 9:14; Isa. 1:20.
  64. MOVE, to stir from a place, 2 Sam.
    7:10: to touch, Matt. 23:4: to ex-
    cite, Judg. 13:25: to provoke, Deut.
    32:21: to discourage, Acts 20:24.
  65. MOVEABLE, changeable, deceitful, Prov.
  66. MOVED, did move, 1 Sam. 1:13: did
    prompt or persuade, Josh. 15:18.
  67. MOVED, excited, Ruth 1:19: agitated,
    2 Sam. 18:33: influenced, Heb. 11:7;
    2 Pet. 1:22.
  68. MOVER, a proposer, an exciter, Acts
  69. MOVING, a motion, Job 16:5; John 5:3.
  70. MOVING, acting with life, Gen. 9:3.
  71. MOWER, one who cuts grass with a
    scythe, Psal. 127:7.
  72. MOWINGS, cuttings of the grass, its
    gathering in for hay, Acts 7:1.
  73. MOWN, cut as grass, Psal. 72:6.
  74. MUCH, great in degree, Gen. 36:
    16; Exod. 12:42.
  75. MUFFLERS, women's veils, Isa. 3:19:
    they are still worn by the women in
    Egypt, covering the whole face except
    the eyes.
  76. MULBERRY, a rich fruit, somewhat
    resembling the strawberry, and about its
    size, growing on a large tree, 2 Sam. 5:
  77. MULE, the offspring of two animals of
    different species, as a horse and [a donkey],
    1 Kings 1:33.
  78. MULTIPLIED, increased in number,
    Exod. 1:7-12.
  79. MULTIPLY, to increase, Gen. 1:22;
  80. MULTIPLYING, increasing greatly, Gen.
  81. MULTITUDE, a great number, Gen.
    16:10: as the common people, Exod.
    23:2; Matt. 9:33-36: the whole as-
    sembly, senators and people, Acts 23:
    7: the Christian
    congregation, Acts 15:
    12-22: great store, Jer. 10:13.
  82. MUNITION, a fortification, Isa. 29:
    7; Nah. 2:1.
  83. MURDER, the unlawful taking away of
    human life, Mark 15:7; 2 Kings 14:5:
    cruelty in thought, word, or deed, Matt.
    19:18; 1 John 3:15.
    • Murder, e.g., an unforgiven abortion.
  84. MURDERER, a person guilty of murder:
    how criminal such a person is regarded
    may be learned from the case of Cain,
    the first murderer, Gen. 4:9-15; from
    the solemn ceremony of the Israelites on
    finding a slain body, Deut. 21:1-9: and
    from the declaration of God against mur-
    , 1 John 3:15; Rev. 21:8.
    • Murderer, e.g., an unforgiven abortionist.
  85. MURMUR, to repine, and complain of
    some pretended wrong, Exod. 16:2, 7,
    8; John 6:43.
  86. MURMURED, Exod. 15:
    24; Josh. 9:18.
  87. MURMURERS, dissatisfied complainers,
    Jude 16.
  88. MURMURINGS, wicked complaints,
    Num. 14:27; Phil. 2:14.
  89. MURRAIN, a destructive disease in
    cattle, Exod. 9:3.
  90. MUSE, to think seriously, Psal. 142:5.
  91. MUSED, did muse or consider, Luke
  92. MUSING, considering, Psal. 39:3.
  93. MUSIC, the harmony of sounds, instru-
    mental or vocal, Dan. 3:3.   Music has
    been cultivated as a science by the most
    ancient and remote nations, Gen. 4:21:
    it formed part of the Levitical service by
    bells and trumpets, Exod. 28:33; Num.
    David and Solomon engaged
    numbers of musicians in the service of
    God, 1 Chron. 15:16-29; 25:1-6; 2 Chron.
    7:6.   Nebuchadnezzar and Darius had
    a large body of musicians, Dan. 3:5.
    Music will form a part of the blessedness
    of heavenly enjoyments, Rev. 5:8-14.
  94. MUSICAL, adapted for music, Neh. 12:
    36; Eccles. 2:8.
  95. MUSICIANS, professors of music, espe-
    cially on instruments, Rev. 18:22.
  96. MU'SHI, [h] (he that touches), the son of
    Merari, and chief of a family of the
    Levites, Num. 3:33; 1 Chron. 6:19.
  97. MUST, denotes necessity, Deut. 4:22,
    as to appear in judgment, 2 Cor. 5:10:
    certain accomplishment, as by the decree
    of God, Matt. 26:54: duty, as by the
    command of God, Rom. 13:5: the exist-
    ence of evils, as by the Divine permission,
    Matt. 18:7.
    • Must.   You must be born again, John 3.
  98. MUSTARD, a well-known plant, bearing
    small seeds: that of Syria was the Phy-
    tolacca decandra, growing very large as
    a tree, Matt. 13:31.
  99. MUSTERED, called together, as soldiers
    for battle, 2 Kings 25:19.
  100. MUTTER, to speak unintelligibly, as
    wizards or false prophets, Isa. 8:19.
  101. MUTTERED, spoken in the way of pro-
    faneness or complaint, Isa. 59:3.
  102. MUTUAL, belonging to both, Rom. 1:
  103. MUZZLE, to bind the mouth, Deut.
    25:4; 1 Cor. 9:9.
  104. MY'RA, Μυρα (to flow, pour out, or weep),
    a city of Syria, in Asia Minor, Acts
  105. MYRRH, a precious aromatic gum or
    resin, issuing from the myrrh tree, which
    is common in Arabia and Egypt, Gen.
    37:25.   Myrrh was used for the holy
    oil, Exod. 30:23: for perfume, Prov. 7:
    17: and for embalming, John 19:39.
  106. MYRTLE, a beautiful, fragrant ever-
    green tree, Neh. 8:15; Isa. 55:13.
  107. MYS'IA, Μυσια (criminal or abominable),
    the north-western province of Asia Minor,
    Acts 16:7, 8.
  108. MYSTERY, a thing or purpose imper-
    fectly made known: the economy of
    redemption by the incarnate Son
    of God, was a mystery to former ages,
    having been but imperfectly revealed in
    the Old Testament, but taught to the
    apostles and published in their writings,
    Mark 4:11; Matt. 13:11.   The calling of
    the Gentiles to form part of the [first loc-
    al] church of God, with the converted
    Israelites, was a mystery to the Jews,
    but which was fully revealed to the
    apostles, Eph. 1:9, 10; 3:1-6; Col. 1:
    25-27.   The mystery of the resurrection
    is more fully and clearly declared in the
    apostolic writings, 1 Cor. 15:51.   "[T]he
    mystery of God, and of the Father,
    and of Christ[,]"
    Col. 2:2, including the
    Divine existence, Personality, Trinity,
    and the incarnation of the Son of God,
    must ever remain greatly mysterious to
    the minds of finite creatures
    , 1 Tim. 3:
    9-16; Rom. 11:33.

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