Bible Dictionary: H. 1840
, Num. 24:16;
- HA, a cry of daring or contempt, Job
- HABAI'AH, [h] (hidden of the Lord),
a priest who returned from Babylon to
Jerusalem, Ezra 2:61; Neh. 7:63.
- HAB'AKKUK, [h] (a wrestler), a pro-
phet contemporary with the early part
of the ministry of Jeremiah, Hab. 1.
- HABAKKUK, THE BOOK OF: this warns
the wicked Jews of the speedy ruin of
their nation by the Chaldeans, and fore-
tels the overthrow of their enemies,
while it consoles the godly in looking
for salvation, Hab. 1:6; 3:17-19. List: Commentary.
- HABER'GEON, a soldier's breastplate,
Exod. 28:32: a hand-spear or lance,
- HABITABLE, capable of being inhabited,
- HABITATION, a settled dwelling-place,
Exod. 12:20; Acts 1:20. Heaven is the
habitation of God, Deut. 26:15. Solo-
mon's temple at Jerusalem was God's
declared special habitation on earth, 2
Chron. 6:2; and the second temple,
Ezra 7:15. Believers in Christ are
now the habitation of God through the
Spirit, Eph. 2:22.
- HA'BOR, [h] (a partaker), a city of
Assyria, in which king Shalmanezer
placed some of the captive Israelites,
2 Kings 17:6.
- HACHALI'AH, [h] (who waits for the
Lord), the father of Nehemiah, Neh. 1:1;
- HACH'ILAH, [h] (my hope is in her),
a hill of Judah, the resort of David when
persecuted by Saul, 1 Sam. 33:19.
- HAD, did have, Exod. 16:18: did
possess, Josh. 6:25.
- HA'DAD, [h] (joy? or cry of mariners), the
son of Bedad, and a king of Edom, Gen.
- HADAD, a prince of east Edom, carried
into Egypt by his father's servants, when
Joab extirpated the male Edomites; he
became brother-in-law of the king of
Egypt, and a powerful adversary of Solo-
mon, 1 Kings 11:14-25.
- HADADE'ZER, [h] (the beauty of assist-
ance), a king of Zobah in Syria, van-
quished by David in two wars with great
loss, 2 Sam. 8:3-12; 10:16-19.
- HA'DADRIM'MON, [h] (the voice of
height), the city in the valley of Megiddo,
near to which king Josiah was slain by
Pharaoh Necho, Zech. 12:11; 2 Chron.
- HA'DAR, [h] (a chamber), a son of Ish-
mael, Gen. 25:15.
- HADAR or HADAD, a king of Edom,
reigning in the city of Pau, Gen. 36:
39; 1 Chron. 1:50.
- HADAS'SAH, [h] (a myrtle), the He-
brew name of Esther, Est. 2:7. See
- Hades, Biblical. A factual, literal place. Tract: Hades.
- Hades, Pagan. No more than just mythology.
- HAD'LAI, [h] (loitering), a pious noble-
man of Ephraim, 2 Chron. 28:12.
- HADO'RAM, [h] (their beauty), a prince
of Hamath, 1 Chron. 18:10.
- HADORAM, the treasurer of king Reho-
boam, called also Adoram and Adoniram,
2 Chron. 10:18. See ADORAM.
- HA'DRACH, [h] (joy of tenderness), a
city or province of Syria, Zech. 9:1.
- HAFT, the handle, as of a knife or
dagger, Judg. 3:22.
- HA'GAR, [h] (a stranger), an Egyptian
waiting-maid of Sarah, who gave her to
be a wife to Abraham, that she might
bear a child for her, and she therefore
became the mother of Ishmael, Gen. 16:
- HAGARE'NES or HA'GARITES, [h]
(strangers), descendants of Hagar by Ish-
mael, the son of Abraham, 1 Chron. 5:
10-20; Psal. 83:6.
- HAG'GAI, [h] (feast or solemnity), a pro-
phet of Judah, who, with Zechariah,
encouraged the Jews to proceed in re-
building the city and temple of Jeru-
salem, after their return from Babylon,
- HAGGAI, THE BOOK OF: Haggai wrote
in the most awakening, reproving, and
consolatory strain; urging the Jews to
vigorous activity in rebuilding the tem-
ple, assuring them that the Divine suc-
cours would be afforded to them, and
that the latter temple should be more
glorious than that of Solomon, as it
should be visited by the "Desire of all
nations," the long-predicted Messiah,
Hag. 2:7-9. List: Commentary.
- HAG'GITH, [h] (rejoicing), a wife of
David, and mother of Adonijah, 2 Sam.
3:4; 1 Kings 1:5.
- HAIL, drops of frozen rain, congealed
while falling through the air, Exod. 9:
18; Psal. 148:8.
- HAIL, to descend in hailstones, Isa.
- HAIL, a form of friendly salutation,
Matt. 27:49; Luke 1:28.
- HAILSTONES, large congelations of
water in the form of hail, Josh. 10:11.
Some have been known as large as
pigeons' eggs, or even larger.
- HAIR, one of the natural teguments
of the body, 1 Cor. 11:14, 15. Nazarites,
among the Israelites, were not allowed
to cut their hair during the obligation
of their vows, Num. 6:5, 9, 18, 19: hence
the weakness of Samson after the viola-
tion of his obligation, Judg. 16:17-20.
God numbering the hairs of our head,
denotes his infinite observance of us, as
the objects of his universal providence,
- HAIRY, overgrown with hair, Gen.
27:11, 23; 2 Kings 1:8.
- HALE, to drag, Luke 12:58.
- HALF, one of two equal parts, Exod.
24:6; Lev. 6:20.
- HALING, dragging forcibly, Acts 8:3.
- HALL, a court of justice, or of a palace,
- HALLOW, to regard as sacred, setting
it apart for a holy use, Lev. 22:2, 3.
- HALLOWED, did hallow or set apart
for a sacred use, Exod. 20:1.
- HALLOWED, sacred, set apart for sacred
purposes or uses, Exod. 29:21, 1 Sam.
- HALT, to walk lamely, Mic. 4:6: to
hesitate in regard to the principles of
religion, 1 Kings 18:21.
- HALT, lame, Matt. 18:8; John 5:3.
- HALTED, did halt in lameness, Gen.
- HALTING, faltering or declining, as
from duty, Jer. 20:10.
- HAM, [h] (hot, heat, or brown), Noah's
youngest son, who, with his son Canaan,
ridiculed his father. Their filial irrever-
ence occasioned the prediction of Noah
relating to Canaan, according to which,
his posterity were most degraded on
account of their wickedness; and the
descendants of Ham generally have been
among the most debased tribes of man-
kind, especially on their chief territory
the continent of Africa, Gen. 9:22-25;
- HA'MAN, [h] (tumult or trouble), a de-
scendant of king Agag, the Amalekite:
his ambition and vanity were gratified
by his being made prime-minister to
Ahasuerus; but his malignity against
the Jews, in seeking their destruction,
providentially wrought his speedy ruin,
Est. 3. 9.
- HA'MATH, [h] (anger, or a wall), a city
on the river Orontes, in Syria, Judg. 3:
3; 2 Sam. 8:9; 2 Kings 18:34. "The
entering in of Hamath," is a narrow pass
leading from Canaan to Syria, through
the valley between Libanus and Anti-
libanus. "Hamath the great," Amos 6:
2, is supposed to denote Antioch. Ha-
math is still a place of importance, called
Hamah, in the Pachalik of Damascus.
- HA'MATHITE, [h], the population of
Hamath, a family of the Canaanites in
the north of the country, Gen. 10:18.
- HAMMEDA'THA, [h] (he that troubles
the law), an Agagite, father of Haman,
prime-minister of the king of Persia,
- HAMMER, an instrument of force, espec-
cially to drive nails, Judg. 4:21; 1 Kings
6:7. God's word is compared to a ham-
mer, for its power on the mind of man,
Jer. 23:29. Babylon, as an oppressive
domination, is called the hammer of the
- HAM'ONAH, [h] (the multitude), a new
name for the city of Hamon-Gog, Ezek.
- HA'MON-GOG, [h] (the multitude of
Gog), the prophetic name for the place
of a great slaughter of the church's
enemies, Ezek. 39:11-15.
- HA'MOR, [h] (an ass, clay, or wine), a
Hivite prince of Shechem, Gen. 33:
- HAMU'TAL, [h] (the shadow of his heart),
wife of king Josiah, and mother of Je-
hoahaz and Zedekiah, kings of Judah,
2 Kings 23:31.
- HANAME'EL, [h] (the grace that comes
from God), a son of the uncle of Jeremiah,
Jer. 32:7, 8.
- HANANE'EL, [h] (the grace of God), a
tower at Jerusalem, Neh. 12:39.
- HAN'ANI, [h] (giving or gracious), the
name of a prophet who reproved king
Asa, 2 Chron. 16:7-10.
- HANANI, a Levite chief musician, 1
Chron. 25:4, 23.
- HANANI, an eminently pious man,
whom Nehemiah appointed as one of
the governors of Jerusalem, Neh. 12:2.
- HANANI'AH, [h] (grace or gift of God),
one of the princes of Judah, carried cap-
tive to Babylon: his name was changed
to Shadrach, and he has become famous
by his having been one of the three
delivered from the fiery furnace, into
which he was cast by order of Nebuchad-
nezzar, Dan. 1:7; 3. See SHADRACH.
- HANANIAH, a general in the army of
king Uzziah, 2 Chron. 26:11.
- HANANIAH, a false prophet, whose de-
ceitful teaching deluded the people,
confirming them in their rebellion against
God, and in their contempt for the minis-
try of Jeremiah. He died in his iniquity
the same year, according to the word of
the prophet of God, Jer. 28:1-17.
- HANANIAH, a ruler of the palace, one
that feared God above many, appointed
by Nehemiah to the charge of the city
of Jerusalem, Neh. 7:2; 3:8-30.
- HAND, that wonderful member of the
human body so remarkably adapted to
be the instrument of the intelligent
mind, in performing its mighty works,
Exod. 21:24; Jer. 18:4-6. The hand
being the chief instrument of all the
works of man, allusions are made to it
literally and figuratively throughout the
Scriptures, denoting various things, as
authority, Gen. 9:2; power or subjec-
tion, 1 Kings 2:46; course of life, Psal.
24:4; Jam. 4:8; instrumentality,
2 Sam. 3:18; ministry, 2 Kings 14:21.
Hand of God means the Divine power,
1 Sam. 5:11; Acts 2:33. Divine inspira-
tion is thus signified, 1 Kings 18:46;
- HANDBREADTH, the breadth of a man's
hand, a measure of nearly four inches,
Exod. 25:25; Ezek. 40:5.
- HANDFUL, the quantity, as of flour,
which may be grasped by the hand, Lev.
2:2: a small quantity, 1 Kings 17:12:
abundance, Psal. 72:16; Gen. 41:47.
Some consider "the handful of corn"
on the top of the mountain, denotes the
Messiah, Psal. 72:16.
- HANDKERCHIEF, a small cloth of silk
or linen to wipe the face, Acts 19:12.
- HANDLE, the part of a thing to be
held in the hand, Sol. Song 5:5.
- HANDLE, to touch or use with the
hand, Gen. 4:21; Ezek. 27:29: to
feel, Luke 24:39.
- HANDLED, touched or felt, 1 John 1:
1: used by the hand, Exod. 21:11:
treated or abused, Mark 12:4.
- HANDLING, using in the hand, Ezek.
38:4: applying, as the word of God,
2 Cor. 4:2.
- HANDMAID, a maidservant ready in
waiting on her mistress, Gen. 16:1.
This term is commonly employed by
women, as indicating humility, 1 Sam. 1:
11; Luke 1:38.
- HANDMAIDEN, a maidservant, or term
of humility, as handmaid, Luke 1:48.
- HANDWRITING, the written institu-
tions of Moses, so called as its rites were
the means of debarring the Gentiles from
the church of God, Col. 2:14.
- HANDY-WORK, skilful contrivances,
- HANG, to suspend, as a criminal, Gen.
40:19; Gal. 3:13; Esth. 6:4; as the
earth is suspended in the firmament, Job
26:7: to depend, as the doctrines of
the prophets on the law of God, Matt.
- HANGED, did hang, as a mode of exe-
cution, Gen. 40:22; Josh. 10:26.
- HANGED, executed, Ezra 6:11; Luke
23:39: suspended, Matt. 18:6.
- HANGING, being suspended, Josh. 10:
- HANGINGS, curtains, Exod. 26:36,
37; Esth. 1:6.
- HAN'NAH, [h] (gracious or merciful),
the pious mother of the prophet Samuel,
1 Sam. 1:2-9; 2:1.
- HAN'NIEL, [h] (grace, or rest of God),
a prince of Manasseh, one of the depu-
ties to view the land of Canaan, Num.
- HA'NOCH, [h] (dedicated), a grandson
of Abraham by Keturah, Gen. 25:6.
- HANOCH, a son of Reuben, Gen. 46:9.
- HA'NUN, [h] (gracious or merciful), a
king of the Ammonites, who insulted
David, by abusing his ambassadors, 2
- HAP, a casual event, Ruth 2:3.
- HAPLY, perhaps, possibly, Acts 5:39;
- HAPPEN, to come to pass, Isa. 41:22;
- HAPPENED, did come to pass, Esth. 4:
7; 2 Pet. 2:22.
- HAPPIER, more happy, 1 Cor. 7:4.
- HAPPY, joyful, Prov. 3:13: highly
privileged, Deut. 33:29; Psal. 144:
15; 1 Pet. 4:14.
- HA'RAN, [h] (mountain), the elder bro-
ther of Abraham, and father of Lot, Gen.
- HARAN (called CHARRAN, Acts 7:2),
a place in Mesopotamia, where Abra-
ham's father died, so named in memory
of his late brother Haran, Gen. 11:28-31.
It is now called Harran, inhabited by a
- HARBO'NA, [h] (destruction, sword, or
dryness), the chamberlain of king Ahasue-
rus, appointed to see the execution of
Haman, Esth. 1:10; 7:9.
- HARD, firm, not soft, Job 41:24: dif-
ficult, Gen. 18:14: oppressive, Exod.
1:4: powerful, 2 Sam. 3:39: sorrowful,
- HARD, near, Acts 18:7: laboriously,
- HARDEN, to make unfeeling, Deut. 15:
7: to become bold in irreligion, Psal.
- HARDENED, did harden, 2 Kings 17:
14. God hardened the heart of Pharaoh
and others by leaving them to cherish
their wicked propensities, Exod. 7:3;
8:15; Deut. 2:30; 1 Sam. 6:6.
- HARDER, more hard, Jer. 5:3: more
difficult, Prov. 18:19.
- HARDLY, severely, Gen. 16:6: diffi-
cultly, Exod. 13:15; Matt. 19:23.
- HARDNESS, solidity, Job 38:38:
insensibility, Mark 3:5; Rom. 2:5.
- HARE, a small animal resembling the
rabbit, Lev. 11:6.
- HARLOT, a prostitute, Gen. 38:
15: a hostess or inn-keeper, Josh. 2:1:
a corrupter of the gospel, Rom. 17:5.
- HARM, evil or injury, Gen. 31:52;
- HARM, to injure, 1 Pet. 3:13.
- HARMLESS, inoffensive, innocent, Matt.
10:16; Phil. 2:15; Heb. 7:26.
- HARNESS, a soldier's accoutrements,
1 Kings 22:34.
- HARNESS, to fix horses in traces put-
ting on their furniture, Jer. 46:4.
- HARNESSED, dressed and arranged in
marching order, Exod. 13:18.
- HA'ROD, [h] (astonishment), a town situ-
ated near mount Gilboa, Judg. 7:1; 2
- HAR'OSHETH, [h] (agriculture), a city
of Canaan, in the north of Galilee, near
lake Merom, where many heathens re-
sided, memorable for the overthrow of
Sisera, under Barak, Judg. 4:2, 13, 16.
- HARP, a stringed, and perhaps the
earliest invented musical instrument,
Gen. 4:21; 31:27. This kind of in-
strument was made in various forms, pro-
bably resembling those of Egypt; and
it was much used in sacred services, 2
Sam. 6:5; 1 Chron. 25:3; Rev. 5:8.
Hanging the harp on the willows, denoted
the extreme grief of the Jews in Baby-
lon, Psal. 137:2.
- HARPED, tuned by the harp, 1 Cor.
- HARPERS, those who play music on
the harp, Rev. 14:2. List: Music.
- HARROWS, timber frames with iron
teeth to break the clods of the ground
when ploughed: to this servitude David
is believed to have reduced the Ammon-
ites, 2 Sam. 12:31.
- HART, the stag or male of an elegant
species of antelope, common in the Levan-
tine countries, Deut. 13:15; 1 Kings 4:
- HARVEST, the season of reaping corn
and of gathering in the fruits of the
earth, Gen. 8:22; 1 Sam. 6:13: a
season of religious excitement, Matt. 9:
37; John 4:35: the end of the world
when ripe for dissolution, Matt. 13:30,
39; Rev. 14:15.
- HARVESTMAN, a reaper, Isa. 17:5.
- HASTE, speed, Exod. 10:16: confused
hurry, Isa. 28:16.
- HASTE, to go speedily, Gen. 19:22;
1 Sam. 20:38.
- HASTED, did haste or go speedily, Gen.
18:7: did urge on, Exod. 5:13.
- HASTEN, to make haste, or proceed
speedily, Isa. 5:19; 60:22: to urge for-
ward, 1 Kings 22:9.
- HASTENED, did hasten, Gen. 18:6;
- HASTILY, quickly, immediately, Gen.
41:14: in haste, John 11:31: at once,
without delay, Judg. 2:23.
- HASTING, urging forward, Isa. 16:5;
2 Pet. 3:12.
- HASTY, precipitate or passionate, Prov.
14:29: early, Isa. 28:4: urgent,
- HA'TACH, [h] (he that strikes), a cham-
berlain in the court of the king of Persia,
Est. 4:5, 6.
- HATCH, to produce young from eggs,
- HATE, to dislike, Gen. 26:27; Prov.
1:22: to dislike with malice, 1 Kings
22:8: to disregard, John 12:25, espe-
cially when interfering with duty, Luke
- HATED, did dislike, Eccles. 2:17: did
abhor, 2 Sam. 13:15: did favour less,
- HATEFUL, detestable, Psal. 36:2:
loathsome, Tit. 3:3.
- HATEFULLY, disgracefully, Ezek. 23:
- HATERS, those who hate, Rom. 1:30:
enemies, Psal. 81:15.
- HATING, abhorring, Exod. 18:21:
- HATRED, ill-will, Num. 35:20: ma-
lice, malignity, Gal. 5:20.
- HATS, bonnets, caps, or turbans, as
worn in the East, Dan. 3:21.
- HAUGHTILY, arrogantly, proudly, Mic.
- HAUGHTINESS, pride, arrogance, Isa.
- HAUGHTY, proud, scornful, Prov. 16:
18; Isa. 3:17.
- HAUNT, a place of retirement for se-
crecy, 1 Sam. 23:22.
- HAUNT, to frequent as a retreat, 1
- HAVE, to possess or enjoy, Lev. 7:
7-10; Acts 3:6: to claim, 2 Sam. 19:
28, 43: to use, Gen. 11:6.
- HAVEN, a sea-port, a safe station for
ships, Gen. 49:13. Crete was noted for
a secure sea-port, at the south-east part
of the island; hence called Fair Havens,
- HAV'ILAH, חוילה (that suffers pain), a
province about the junction of the rivers
Tigris and Euphrates near the Persian
gulf, Gen. 2:11; 25:18.
- HAVILAH, a son of Cush, Gen. 10:7.
- HAVILAH, a son of Joktan, Gen. 10:29.
- HAVING, possessing, Matt. 7:29; 2
Cor. 4:13: being afflicted with, Luke
8:43: enjoying, Rom. 12:6.
- HAVOCK, waste or destruction, Acts
- HAVOTH-JA'IR, [h] (the villages that
enlighten), hamlets near mount Gilboa,
Num. 32:41; Deut. 3:14.
- HAU'RAN, [h] (liberty), a province near
Damascus, reaching southward toward
Galilee, Ezek. 47:16. Hauran now
includes several provinces, among which
are Trachonitus and Iturea: it was called
by the Romans Auranitis.
- HAWK, a large bird of prey, remark-
able for the swiftness of its flight, Lev.
11:16; Job 39:26.
- HAY, dried grass, as winter food for
cattle, 1 Cor. 3:12. Hay, as rendered
Prov. 27:25; Isa. 15:6, is believed to
mean the first springings of the grass.
- HAZ'AEL, [h] (that sees God), the com-
mander-in-chief of the Syrian army under
king Benhadad, 1 Kings 19:15. Elijah
anointed him to be king of Syria; and
to obtain the throne he murdered his
master, when he assumed the govern-
ment, and became a scourge to Israel
for fifty years, 2 Kings 8:9-15; 13:
- HA'ZARM'AVETH, [h] (the court or
entry of death), a son of Joktan, and
founder of a tribe in Arabia Felix, Gen.
- HAZEL, a tree, supposed by some to
be the almond-nut tree, Gen. 30:7.
- HAZE'ROTH, [h] (villagers), some ham-
lets in Arabia Petrea, called also Haze-
rim, Num. 11:35; 12:16; Deut. 2:23.
- HA'ZOR, [h] (court or hay), the chief
city of the petty kingdoms in the north
of Galilee in the time of Joshua, Josh.
11:10, 11, 13.
- HAZOR, a city of Judah, called also
Hezron, Josh. 15:25; 1 Kings 9:15.
- HE, the man before named, Exod. 4:
16; Acts 10:21, 42.
- HEAD, the chief part of the body, 1
Sam. 17:57. Head denotes the whole
person, Prov. 10:6; Ezek. 9:10: a chief
member of society, Isa. 9:14, 15: a
governor, Exod. 18:25; Num. 25:4:
the chief in order; so the man is the
head of the woman; Christ is the head
of every man; and the head of Christ is
God, 1 Cor. 11:3. Christ is the head of
the church, Eph. 5:23; and of all intel-
ligent beings, Col. 2:10. Anointing the
head with oil, denotes abundant bless-
ings, Psal. 23:5. Blessings on the
head of the just, intimates the Divine
favour and influences, Prov. 10:6. Riding
over the head, signifies oppression, Psal.
66:12. Shaking or wagging the head,
implies contempt or scorn, Matt. 27:
39; Psal. 22:7.
- HEADBAND, a fillet, an ornamental
bandage around the head, as worn by
women, Isa. 3:20.
- HEADSTONE, the crowning stone of a
building, Zech. 4:7. Christ, as the
author of eternal salvation to all be-
lievers, is the headstone of the church
of God, Psal. 118:22; Matt. 21:42;
- HEADLONG, with the head foremost,
Luke 4:29; Acts 1:18: rashly, Job 5:13.
- HEADY, rash, vain, 2 Tim. 3:4.
- HEAL, to cure a wound or disease,
Num. 12:12: to give pardon, Psal. 41:
4: to impart consolation, 147:3.
- HEALED, did heal or cure, Gen. 20:
17; Mark 12:15.
- HEALED, cured, Exod. 21:19; Deut.
28:27: made wholesome, Ezek. 47:
8-11: pardoned, 1 Pet. 2:24.
- HEALER, one who heals, as a bountiful
friend heals the afflicted mind, Isa. 3:7.
- HEALING, health, Jer. 14:19: resto-
ration to health, Acts 4:22.
- HEALING, curing, Matt. 4:23.
- HEALTH, soundness of body, without
sickness or disease, Gen. 43:28: peace
of mind and joy in God, Psal. 47:2.
- HEAP, a pile, as of stones, Gen. 31:
46-52; Exod. 8:14: ruins of a destroyed
town, Josh. 7:28; Isa. 17:1.
- HEAP, to pile up, Ezek. 24:10: to
accumulate, as money, Job 27:16;
Psal. 39:6; or calamity, by a criminal
course, Deut. 32:23.
- HEAPED, did accumulate, Zech. 9:3;
- HEAR, to receive sounds by the ear,
Exod. 19:9: to attend to a complaint,
2 Sam. 15:3: to give attention, Isa. 1:2:
to believe and obey, John 8:47; 10:27.
God hears our prayers, as is proved by
the communications of His blessings, Psal.
- HEARD, did hear, Gen. 45:2: did re-
gard, Exod. 2:24; Num. 12:2.
- HEARD, discovered by hearing, Ezra
3:13: been informed, Isa. 40:28; Jam.
- HEARER, one who hears, who attends
to any discourse, Jam. 1:22, 23; Eph. 4:
- HEARING, the sense of hearing, Job
41:5: reach of the ear, Deut. 31:11:
judicial trial, Acts 25:21-23.
- HEARING, perceiving by the ear, Acts
5:5: listening, Prov. 20:12: being in-
formed, Phil. 5.
- HEARKEN, to listen, Acts 12:13: to
regard, Exod. 7:4; Acts 2:2.
- HEARKENED, did regard, Gen. 23:
16; Est. 3:4; Acts 27:21.
- HEARKENING, regarding, obeying, Psal.
- HEART, the seat of animal life; the
centre of the affections and passions,
Matt. 15:18, 19. An evil heart, is a
mind alienated from God, Heb. 3:12:
a good, honest, pure, and clean heart, is
a mind that is renewed, penitent [repentant], and
obedient, through the grace of the Spirit
of God. A stony heart, is a mind that is
senseless to divine things, Ezek. 11:19.
Infidelity depraves the heart, but it is
purified by a divine faith, Acts 15:9.
- HEARTED, disposed in heart, as faint-
hearted or timid, Deut. 20:8: tender-
hearted or sympathising, Eph. 4:32:
wise-hearted or skilful, Exod. 28:3.
- HEARTH, a fireplace, Gen. 18:6; Jer.
- HEARTILY, sincerely, actively, Col. 3:
- HEARTY, sincere, friendly, loving, Prov.
- HEAT, a sensation from the action of
fire, Acts 28:3: animal warmth,
Eccles. 4:11: mental ardour, Ezek. 3:
14: the indignation of God against sin-
ners, Deut. 29:4.
- HEAT, to make hot by fire, Dan. 3:
- HEATED, made hot by fire, Dan. 3:
19; Hos. 7:4.
- HEATH, a wild shrub on desert land,
to the exposed condition of which wicked
men are resembled, Jer. 17:6; 46:6.
- HEATHEN, people destitute of the true
knowledge of God--Gentiles or pagans:
such the Jews were accustomed to deno-
minate all nations besides themselves,
who were favoured with the oracles of
God, Lev. 26:33, 38, 45; Rom. 9:4.
Greeks and Romans, advanced in civili-
sation, called all other nations barba-
rians, as the Jews called them Gentiles:
but Christianity is designed for all na-
tions without distinction; and Paul was
especially commissioned as the apostle
of Christ to the heathen, Gal. 1:16; 2:9;
3:8; Rom. 10:12; Col. 3:11. Still, it
is computed that there are, at least
600,000,000 of the present population of
our globe in the condition of heathen,
without the knowledge of God, as He is
revealed in the gospel of Christ: these
perishing multitudes are chiefly in Asia,
central Africa, south America, and
- HEATHEN MAN, a pagan, a man desti-
tute of the true knowledge of God, Matt.
- HEAVE, to lift up, as an offering in
the worship of God, Num. 15:29.
- HEAVED, lifted up, as an offering in the
worship of God, Exod. 29:27; Num.
- HEAVE-OFFERING, a special present
to the priests, of corn, fruit, and meat,
and which was first offered to God, by
the priest heaving it up towards heaven,
Exod. 29:27, 28; Num. 15:19-21;
- HEAVEN: this word is variously used
in the Scriptures, especially for the whole
celestial regions, including the starry
firmament, Gen. 1:1-8: the atmospherical
regions, in which the birds fly, the winds
blow, and the rain and dew are formed,
Gen. 1:20; 7:11; Deut. 11:11-17: the
starry expanse, Gen. 1:14; Deut. 4:19;
Psal. 19:6: the dwelling place of God,
the heaven of heavens, or third heaven,
Deut. 10:14; 1 Kings 8:27; 2 Cor. 12:2:
the government of God, Dan. 4:26;
Luke 15:21: the visible [kingdom], Rev.
12:1, 3, 7, : the immortal and blessed
habitation of the saints, where they will
dwell with God and Christ in eternal
glory, Luke 6:23; Col. 1:5; Heb. 10:34;
1 Pet. 1:4. Divine revelation affords us
many sublime ideas of the grandeur and
glory of the inheritance of believers.
But, however lofty and comprehensive
the conceptions of any may be in rela-
tion to the felicity of the saints in hea-
ven, even with the aid of those glowing
descriptions of that state, in various parts
of the Scriptures, they must necessarily
be deficient: "it doth not yet appear[,]"
as the inspired apostle declares, "what
we shall be: but we know that, when he
shall appear, we shall be like him; for
we shall see him as he is[,]" 1 John 3:2.
Clothed in robes of holiness and glory,
and filled with the happiness of God,
"we shall be for ever with the Lord."
- HEAVENLY, dwelling in heaven, Luke
2:13: belonging to heaven, Eph. 1:20:
relating to heaven, John 3:12. God is
called our "heavenly Father[,]" as His ha-
bitation is in Heaven, Matt. 6:14; Luke
- HEAVIER, more heavy, Job 6:3: more
painful, 23:2: more hurtful, Prov.
- HEAVILY, weightily, Exod. 14:25:
sorrowfully, Psal. 35:14.
- HEAVINESS, dejection of mind, Ezra
9:5; Rom. 9:2.
- HEAVY, weighty, as a stone, Prov.
27:3: afflictive, as disease, 1 Sam. 5:
6: oppressive, as arbitrary taxes, 1 Kings
12:4: sorrowful, as in calamity, 20:43:
insensible, as given up to judicial hard-
ness of heart, Isa. 6:10; Matt. 13:15.
Heavy laden, is being oppressed with
conscious guilt, 11:. Christ was very
heavy, under the penalty of the sin of
the world, 26:37.
- HE'BER, עבר, or EBER (a passenger), a
son of Salah, great-grandson of Shem,
the son of Noah, Gen. 10:21, 25; Luke 3:
- HEBER, [h] (to associate), the Kenite,
the husband of Jael, Judg. 4:11.
- HE'BREW, עברי (a passenger or foreigner),
a name given to Abraham, as having
come from beyond the river Euphrates,
to sojourn in Canaan, Gen. 14:13;
39:14. Hence his descendants in
Canaan were called Hebrews, though
their domestic name was Israelites, 40:
- HEBREW LANGUAGE, Luke 23:38;
John 19:13-17. Hebrew is believed to
have been preserved in the family of
Eber amid the confusion of Babel, Gen.
10:25; 11:1-9; and in this all the books
of the Old Testament were written, ex-
cept some small parts of the later pro-
phets, which were written in the dialect
of Chaldea. Besides these books there
is no work, in all antiquity, written in
pure Hebrew. Heber's family appear
to have used the Chaldee, on their emi-
gration to that country in the fourth
generation; and Abraham seems to have
disused it, though his native dialect, on
his removal to Canaan: for Jacob and
Laban gave different names to the same
pillar of their covenant, Laban's being
Chaldee, and Jacob's Hebrew, each sig-
nifying "the heap of witness," Gen. 31:
45-47. Hebrew is believed to have been
the language spoken by the primitive
fathers of mankind; and, consequently,
given to our first parents by the imme-
diate inspiration of God. See LANGUAGE.
- HEBREW NEW TESTAMENT, עברית. List: Ministry.
- HEBREW OF THE HEBREWS, one by
birth of both parents, and in speech, a
Hebrew, Phil. 3:5. Such a Jew was
esteemed more honourable than one, who,
though of Jewish descent, used the Greek
language, as was generally the case with
those born and brought up in the cities
of the Greeks: they were, therefore,
called Greeks, John 12:20, and Grecians,
- HEBREW OLD TESTAMENT, עברית. List: Ministry.
- HEBREWS, EPISTLE TO THE: this in-
valuable book was written by Paul to
the Jewish Christians in Palestine, to
establish their belief in the gospel of
Christ. It is regarded as the necessary
supplement to the Epistle to the Romans,
which is the principal exhibition of the
gospel dispensation addressed to the
Gentiles. While the author of the He-
brews throughout the epistle admits, in
its fullest sense, the divinity of the
mission and institutions of Moses, he
proves from numerous prophecies and
testimonies of the Old Testament Scrip-
tures, that Jesus was in His official cha-
racter the promised Messiah, the Son
of God--the Lord of angels--and con-
stituted, by the oath of God, a high-
priest infinitely superior to Aaron. This
epistle shows, that the Levitical dispen-
sation was a prefiguration of Christi-
anity: it is, therefore, an inspired com-
mentary on the ordinances and laws of
Moses, exhibiting a nobler tabernacle--
a better priesthood--the only perfect
atonement for sin--and eternal salvation
for all who come unto God by Christ.
- HE'BRON, [h] (society or friendship), a
famous and ancient city of Canaan, about
twenty-two miles south of Jerusalem: it
was built about seven years before Zoan,
or Tanis, the capital of Lower Egypt,
Num. 13:22. Hebron was originally
called Arba, Josh. 14:13; 15:13, and
Kirjath-arba, Gen. 23:2: it was me-
morable as near the residence of Abra-
ham, Gen. 35:27; as a city of refuge
and of the priests, Josh. 21:13; as the
early seat of David's throne, 2 Sam. 2:
11; 5:3; and as the residence of Zacha-
rias and Elisabeth, Luke 1:39, Josh. 21:
11. Hebron is now inhabited by about
four hundred families of Arabs, who call
- HEBRON, a son of Kohath, and chief
of a family of the Levites, Exod. 6:18.
- HEDGE, a fence, as of cultivated
ground, Mark 12:1: the way-side, Luke
14:23. Divine Providence, as the de-
fence of the pious, Job 1:10; Isa. 5:5.
Inconveniences or troubles are as a hedge
of thorns, Psal. 15:13.
- HEDGE, to make a fence, Hos. 2:6.
- HEDGED, fenced, Job 3:23: enclosed
with a fence, Matt. 21:33.
- HEED, watchful care, 2 Sam. 20:10:
regard or diligent attention, 1 Tim. 1:4;
- HEEL, the back part of the foot, Gen.
44:17. As the heel is the lowest part
of the body, so the flesh or human nature
of Christ is the heel which Satan bruised
in the sufferings of our Saviour, Gen. 3:
15. To lift up the heel, or kick, is to
render evil for good, as Judas did trai-
torously against his Lord and Master,
Psal. 41:9; John 13:8. Men are taken
by the heels, when they fall into cala-
mity, Job 18:19.
- HEG'AI, [h] or HEGE (meditation, word,
or groanings), the chamberlain, keeper of
the women in the harem of king Ahasu-
erus, Est. 2:3-8.
- HEIFER, a young cow of three years
old, Gen. 15:9. Proverbially, a wife,
Judg. 14:8. Ceremonial purification,
by the ashes of a heifer that had been
sacrificed, prefigured our spiritual cleans-
ing by the sacrifice of Christ, Num. 19:
1-10; Heb. 9:12-14.
- HEIGHT, elevation, Gen. 6:15; Prov.
- HEINOUS, extremely criminal, Job
- HEIR, a son that succeeds his father
in the estate, Gal. 4:1; or one that in-
herits after the present possessor, Gen.
15:3, 4. Expressions referring to this
mode of obtaining possessions on earth,
are frequently employed in the Scrip-
tures, to instruct believers concerning
their eternal inheritance in Heaven.
Christ having, in the covenant of grace,
been "appointed heir of all things," for
the salvation and glory of His [children],
Heb. 1:2, all true believers in His name
will inherit Heaven as their inheritance,
being "heirs of God, and joint-heirs with
Christ[,]" Rom. 8:17.
- HEL'BON, [h] (milk), a district or city
famous for its wine, Ezek. 27:18.
Helbon is supposed to be the modern
Haleb or Aleppo, a famous city of Syria,
containing about 200,000 inhabitants: it
is situated about 180 miles north of Da-
mascus, 70 miles south-east from Antioch,
and 80 miles in land from the Mediter-
- HELD, did hold, Exod. 17:11: did
contain, 2 Chron. 4:5: did summon,
Matt. 12:14: did guard, Luke 22:63.
- HEL'DAI, [h] (the world), one of the
twelve captains of David's guards, 1
- HELDAI, a person of [importance] and
wealth, a friend of the high-priest Joshua,
Zech. 6:10, 11.
- HE'LEB, [h] (milk or fatness), son of
Baanah, an officer in the army of David,
2 Sam. 23:29.
- HE'LI, ΄Ηλι (ascending), the father of
Joseph, the husband of the virgin Mary,
- HELL: this is a Saxon word, used in
different acceptations in the Scriptures.
The Hebrew word of the Old Testament
is שאול, Sheol, and the Greek of the New
Testament is ΄Αδης, Hades. Hell signifies
the prison of wicked spirits in torment,
both angels and human souls, 2 Pet. 2:4;
Matt. 23:33; 25:41: it [sometimes] signifies also
the grave, Prov. 15:10; Jon. 2:2; Acts
2:27-31. Hades is translated grave, 1
Cor. 15:55. There is also another Greek
word, Γεεννα, Gehenna, many times trans-
lated Hell, particularly Matt. 5:22-29;
10:28; 18:9; 23:15, 33; Jam. 3:6.
Gehenna is compounded of two Hebrew
words, גיא Ge, and הנם Hinnom, or val-
ley of Hinnom, which was a place near
Jerusalem where children were cruelly
sacrificed to Moloch, 2 Chron. 33:
6; Ezek. 23:37-39. This place was
called Tophet, from toph, a drum, by
which the cries of the murdered infants
were drowned, and it presented the most
fit emblem of the state of torment, while
its name furnished a suitable title for
Hell. See HINNOM.
- HELL, GATES OF, the power and policy
of evil spirits, Matt. 16:18. See GATES.
- HELM, the rudder or regulator of a
ship at sea, Jam. 3:4.
- HELMET, a piece of armour to protect
the head, a kind of cap usually made of
metal, 1 Sam. 17:5. By a figure of
speech, the hope of salvation is a helmet
to the Christian, Eph. 6:17.
- HELP, a friend or helper, Exod. 18:
4; as a wife, Gen. 2:18-20; assistance
or relief, Deut. 33:29; Acts 26:22.
- HELP, to aid or relieve, Josh. 1:14;
- HELPED, did aid, succour, or relieve,
Exod. 2:17; Acts 18:27.
- HELPER, an auxiliary, 2 Kings 14:
26: a fellow-labourer, Rom. 16:9.
- HELPING, assisting, Ezra 5:2: co-
operating, 2 Cor. 1:11.
- HELPS, chains, ropes, and other means
of security, as employed with a crazy ship,
- HELVE, the handle of an axe, Deut.
- HEM, a border, as of a garment, Matt.
9:20: the skirt, as of the ephod, Exod.
- HE'MAN, [h] (their trouble), an Israelite
of the tribe of Judah, famous, with his
four brothers, for wisdom, 1 Chron. 2:6;
1 Kings 4:31.
- HEMAN, a chief musician and singer
in the tabernacle, in the reign of David,
1 Chron. 6:33; 15:17; 25:1-5.
- HEMLOCK, a poisonous herb, Hos. 10:4;
- HEN, a well-known domestic fowl, re-
markable for her parental care of her
young, Matt. 23:37.
- HENCE, away, from this place, Gen.
42:15; or time, Acts 1:5.
- HENCEFORTH, from this time forward,
Gen. 4:12; Rev. 14:13.
- HENCEFORWARD, from this time to
futurity, Num. 15:23; Matt. 21:19.
- HEPH'ZIBAH, [h] (my delight is in
her), Hezekiah's queen, and mother of
king Manasseh, 2 Kings 21:1.
- HEPHZIBAH, a name given by pro-
phecy to the church in the latter days,
expressive of the Divine approbation and
complacency, Isa. 62:4.
- HERALD, a king's officer to proclaim
his commands, Dan. 3:4.
- HERB, a vegetable, especially that
which is food for man, Gen. 1:11, 29;
- HERD, a company of cattle, Gen. 18:
7; Exod. 10:9.
- HERDMAN, a keeper of cattle, Gen.
- HERE, in this place, Gen. 19:12.
- HEREAFTER, in a future state or time,
- HEREBY, by this thing or means, Gen.
42:15; John 4:13.
- HEREIN, in this place or thing, Josh.
15:8; Acts 24:16.
- HERESIES: this word, in the plural
form, is thrice used, to denote erroneous
or pernicious systems of opinions, 1 Cor.
11:19; Gal. 5:20; 2 Pet. 2:1. See SECT.
- HERESY: this word occurs only once
in the English text, Acts 24:14: the
Greek word properly signifies a choice,
or thing chosen: hence it is rendered in
every other text in the New Testament,
sect, Acts 5:17; 15:5; 26:5; 28:22.
The profane Jews called Christianity in
contempt, a sect or heresy, Acts 24:5.
- HERETIC, one who propagates unsound
or dangerous opinions, Tit. 3:10.
- HERETOFORE, formerly, hitherto, Exod.
4:13; 2 Cor. 13:2.
- HEREUNTO, to this thing, 1 Pet. 2:21.
- HEREWITH, with this thing, Mal. 3:
- HERITAGE, an inheritance or estate,
Exod. 6:8: the privileged condition of
the godly, Psal. 61:5; Isa. 54:17.
- HER'MAS, [g] (gain or refuge), a
Christian of some note at Rome, Rom.
- HER'MES, [g] (orator or interpreter),
a noted Christian at Rome, Rom. 16:14.
- HERMOG'ENES, [g] (begotten of
Mercury), a false friend of the apostle
Paul, 2 Tim. 1:15, supposed to have been
an apostate from Christianity.
- HER'MON, [h] (anathema, destruction,
or dedicated), a lofty summit on the
south-eastern range of mount Lebanon,
and on the east of Jordan: it was also
called Sirion, Shenir, and Sion, or Sihon,
Deut. 3:8, 9; 4:48. Hermon, being
elevated nearly 9000 feet above the level
of the sea, was partly covered all the
year with snow, which was carried for
sale in the summer, as a luxury, to Tyre.
The dews of Hermon were copious and
refreshing in its fertile valleys, Psal.
- HER'MONITES, inhabitants of the fer-
tile valleys around mount Hermon, Psal.
- HER'OD, [g] (the glory of the skin):
three of this name are mentioned in the
- HEROD THE GREAT, Matt. 2:12-16,
son of Antipater, an Idumean nobleman.
Some say his father was a Jew; others
that he was only a proselyte to Israel;
and others, that he was a heathen, and
guardian of the temple of Apollo at
Askelon; that, having been made cap-
tive by the Idumeans, he turned Jew.
Antipater's talents and ambition pro-
cured from Julius Cæsar his appoint-
ment as procurator of Judea, B.C. 47.
Herod, while young, governed Galilee,
which he cleared of banditti, and was
appointed to succeed his father, being
recommended by Hyrcanus, the high-
priest, to Antony, the Roman triumvir.
After much bloodshed, and while at
Rome, he was declared king of Judea,
and Augustus Cæsar, B.C. 30, confirmed
his authority, which he maintained with
great ability, but with horrid deeds of
cruelty and blood. He built several
cities in Judea: and to secure the alle-
giance of the Jews, he rebuilt their
temple with extraordinary magnificence,
Mark 13:1, 2; John 2:20. Herod
murdered his wife Marianne, and his
sons Alexander and Aristobulus: but
his character may be learned from his
atrocious policy with respect to the chil-
dren of Bethlehem. He died at the age
of seventy, soon after their murder,
Matt. 2:16-22. Herod left his kingdom
to his son Archelaus; Gaulonitis, Tra-
chonitis, and Balanea, to his son Philip;
and Galilee, with Perea, to his son He-
rod, Matt. 2:22; Luke 3:1.
- HEROD AN'TIPAS was a son of Herod
the Great, tetrarch of Galilee and Perea,
which was confirmed by Augustus Cæsar.
His character was equally vile with that
of his father: he divorced his own wife,
and took Herodias, wife of his brother
Philip, on account of which he was re-
proved by John the Baptist. He mur-
dered that prophet of God, Matt. 14:1-
12; Luke 9:9; and mocked Jesus, Luke
23:7-12. Herod, being charged with
a conspiracy against Tiberius the empe-
ror, was banished to Lyons, in France,
where he died in misery, as also the
daughter of Herodias.
- HEROD AGRIP'PA, nephew of Herod
Antipas, and grandson of Herod the
Great, being a son of Aristobulus, who
was murdered by his father. His grand-
father sent him to be educated at Rome,
where, by his expensive habits, he pro-
voked the emperor Tiberius; but Anto-
nia, the empress, lent him money to pay
his debts. He was imprisoned after-
wards by Tiberius, on a charge of trea-
son, but Caligula, succeeding to the
imperial throne, released him, and pre-
sented him with a diadem; appointing
him king of Batanea, Trachonitus, and
Abilene. He murdered the apostle James,
and intended the same cruelty for Peter;
but he was delivered by miracle, as the
Saviour had designed him for further
service in the church, Acts 12:1-19.
Herod died miserably by the judgments
of God, ver. 20-23.
- HERO'DIANS, political partisans of
Herod Antipas: they maintained the
propriety of paying tribute to Cæsar,
which was denied by the Pharisees, but
they were also the enemies of Christ,
Matt. 22:16-21; Mark 3:6.
- HERO'DIAS, [g], wife of Herod
Philip, Matt. 14:3, who was her uncle;
for she was a daughter of Aristobulus,
son of Herod the Great, and sister of
Herod Agrippa. Her character corre-
sponded with that of her family, as may
be seen from her abandoning her hus-
band, living with her other uncle, and
requiring him to murder the holy Baptist,
Mark 6:19, 24, 28. Herodias and her
daughter accompanied Herod Antipas in
his banishment into France; where it is
said that Salome, her daughter, walking
over a river, fell through the ice, which
closing, cut off her head, as the righteous
visitation of God.
- HERO'DION, [g] (song of Juno, or
conqueror of heroes), a kinsman of Paul at
Rome, Rom. 16:11.
- HERON, a large wild fowl of the crane
kind, that feeds on fishes, and is found
near morasses and lakes, Lev. 12:19.
- HESH'BON, [h] (a number or invention),
a famous city, the capital of the kingdom
of Sihon, Num. 21:25, 26: it was situ-
ated about twenty miles east of Jordan,
- HETH, [h] (trembling or fear), the second
son of Canaan, the son of Ham, Gen. 10:
15. Heth was the founder of the nation
of the Hittites, 23:7-10; 25:9.
- HEW, to cut or carve, as wood or stone,
1 Kings 5:6, 18; 1 Chron. 12:2.
- HEWERS, workmen who cut wood or
stone, 1 Kings 5:15, 17, 18. Joshua
appointed the Gibeonites to such labours
for the service of the Israelites and the
tabernacle of God, Josh. 9:21, 23, 27.
- HEWN, cut down, as timber, Matt. 3:
10: shaped, as stones, Isa. 9:10: sculp-
tured, as pillars, Prov. 9:1; or a grave
in a rock, Matt. 27:60.
- HEZEKI'AH, [h] (strong in the Lord),
a pious king of Judah, son of Ahaz.
His father left the kingdom in a most
deplorable state of idolatry, heathenism,
and misery, 2 Kings 16:2-4; 2 Chron.
28:2-4, 22, 25: but a vigorous and
scriptural reformation [revival] was effected by
Hezekiah: he restored the worship of
the temple, 29:2, and he extirpated
idolatry from the land, and appointed
the Levites to instruct the people, and
administer justice among them, accord-
ing to the laws of God, 30:26, 27; 31:
1-4; 2 Kings 18:3-5. Divine know-
ledge was diffused through the land; and
many copies of the Scriptures were made
by order of the king, Prov. 25:1.
Isaiah the prophet was probably the
chief counseller of Hezekiah in this re-
formation: but the whole history of his
reign is exceedingly instructive. See
2 Kings 18; 20; 2 Chron. 29; 32;
Isa. 36; 38.
- HEZ'RON, [h] (dart of joy, or division of
the sun), a son of Reuben, and head of a
family, Gen. 46:9; Num. 26:6.
- HEZRON, son of Pharez, grandson of
Judah, Gen. 46:12.
- HID, did hide or conceal, Gen. 3:8-10;
Exod. 2:2, 12.
- HID, hidden or concealed, Job 3:21:
not revealed, Eph. 3:9.
- HID'DEKEL, [h] (a sharp voice or sound),
a river of Eden; and, as some suppose,
the Tigris, called Hiddekel in Daniel,
Gen. 2:14; Dan. 10:4.
- HIDDEN, concealed, Deut. 30:11:
preserved as precious, Psal. 83:;
Isa. 45:3: profound, as the wise pur-
poses of God, 1 Cor. 3:7.
- HIDE, the skin of a beast, as of a bul-
lock, Lev. 8:17.
- HIDE, to conceal, Gen. 18:17: to
preserve in safety, Psal. 17:8.
- HIDING, concealing, Job 31:33: pro-
tecting or preserving, Psal. 32:2.
- HI'EL, [h] (the life of God), a Bethelite,
the second founder of the city of Jeri-
cho, 1 Kings 16:34.
- HIERAP'OLIS, [g] (holy city), a city
of Phrygia, near Colosse, where some
persons had received the gospel by the
ministry of the apostles, Col. 4:13.
- HIGGAI'ON, [h] (meditation), a note of
emphasis, Psal. 9:16.
- HIGH, lofty, as high walls, Deut. 3:5,
or a lofty temple, 1 Kings 9:8: elevated,
as the stars of heaven, Job 22:12:
dignified, as nobles, Psal. 49:2: power-
ful for delivering, Exod. 14:8: famous,
- HIGH: MOST HIGH is a title especi-
ally applied to Almighty God, as the
Deut. 32:8; Acts 7:48.
HIGHER, more elevated, as a building,
2 Kings 15:35, as on a seat, Luke 14:
10: more dignified, Heb. 7:26.
HIGHEST, most elevated in place, Luke
14:8, or degree, Matt. 21:9.
HIGHLY, in a high degree, Luke 16:
15: vehemently, Acts 12:3.
HIGH-MINDED, arrogant or proud, Rom.
11:20; 2 Tim. 5:13.
HIGHNESS, majesty, Job 31:23; Isa.
HIGH-PLACES. See PLACES. HIGHWAY, the public road, Num. 20:
17; Mark 7:66.
HILKI'AH, [h] (God is my portion),
the high-priest in the reign of king Jo-
siah, 2 Kings 22:4, 8, 14. He appears
to have been a man of indifferent quali-
fications for his office of priest, and even
to have connived at the idolatry of the
people, 23:4, 5, 24; 2 Chron. 34:3,
4, 14, 25.
HILKIAH, the father of the prophet
Jeremiah, Jer. 1:1.
HILL, a small mountain, 1 Kings 11:7;
HIL'LEL, [h] (he that praises), father of
Abdon, a judge of Israel, Judg. 12:13.
HIM, that person, Gen. 41:13; Num.
HIMSELF, that very person, 1 Kings
HIN, a Hebrew liquid measure of about
HIND, the female of deer, Job 39:
1; Jer. 14:5. See DEER.
HINDER, the lower part, or part behind,
2 Sam. 2:23.
HINDER, to stop or impede, as on a
journey, Gen. 24:5: to interrupt, as
in a work, Neh. 4:8: to prevent, as the
progress of the gospel, 1 Cor. 9:12.
HINDERED, did hinder or prevent,
Luke 11:52: did interrupt or harass,
1 Thess. 2:18.
HINDERED, interrupted or rendered
vain, 1 Pet. 3:7.
HINDMOST, the last or in the rear,
Num. 2:31; Gen. 23:2.
HINGES, joints for the easily opening
of a door, 1 Kings 7:50.
HIN'NOM, הנם (their riches), a valley
south of Jerusalem, Josh. 15:8: this
fertile vale became infamous as the chief
seat of the idolatrous worship of Molech,
2 Kings 23:10; 2 Chron. 28:3;
33:6. Children were burnt alive by
their parents in honour of this abomina-
tion, while their cries were drowned in
the sounding of trumpets by the priests!
This horrid place had constant fires
burning, to consume the filth, the car-
cases of animals, and the dead bodies of
malefactors. "Gehenna of fire," or the
"Hinnom of fire," became, therefore, a
fit designation of Hell, Mark 10:43, 45, 47.
See HELL and MOLECH.
HIP, the joint of the thigh: "hip and
thigh" is a proverbial expression, Judg.
HI'RAH, [h] (liberty or anger), a Ca-
naanite of Adullam, a friend of Judah,
HI'RAM, [h] (exaltation of life), the
king of Tyre, called HURAM, 2 Chron.
2:3, a friend of David and of Solomon,
1 Kings 5:1, 8, 10; 7:13. Hiram sup-
plied Solomon with timber for his build-
ings at Jerusalem; and aided him in
his maritime commerce, 9:27; 10:11-22.
HIRAM, a skilful artificer, employed
by Solomon in making the more difficult
fixtures and furniture of the temple, 1
Kings 7:13, 40.
HIRE, wages for use, Exod. 22:15;
or labour, 1 Kings 5:61; Luke 10:7.
HIRE, to engage in service or labour
for wages, Isa. 46:6; Matt. 20:1.
HIRED, did hire for service or labour,
as Balaam to execrate Israel, Deut.
23:4; as a servant, Exod. 12:45; Mark
HIRED, engaged for a price or rent,
HIRELING, a hired labourer, Mal. 3:5.
A hireling is supposed not to have any
affection for his employer or his work:
and hence a mercenary man is called a
hireling, John 10:12, 13.
HIRES, gifts of ornaments or furniture,
presented to the priests for the idols by
their worshippers, Mic. 1:7.
HISS, to call, in allusion to the hissing
of flies and bees, Isa. 7:18: so God
would call enemies to plague idolators,
5:26: to mock and ridicule, 1 Kings
HISSING, an object of contempt. To
such a state did God bring polluted Jeru-
salem and Babylon, Jer. 19:8; 51:37.
HIT, to strike or pierce, as with an
arrow, 1 Sam. 31:3.
HITHER, to this place, Gen. 45:5;
HITHERTO, to this time, place, or state,
1 Sam. 7:12; Job 38:11.
HIT'TITES, [h] (who are broken or who
fear), a tribe of the Canaanites, the poste-
rity of Heth, Gen. 15:20; Exod. 3:8;
Ezra 9:1. See HETH.
HI'VITES, [h] (wicked), a clan or tribe
of the Canaanites: some dwelt in the
north, near Hermon, Josh. 9:1; 11:3-5;
but others in Gibeon, 11:19.
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