Bible Dictionary: A.   1840

  1. A'ARON, אהרן (mountain of strength, or a
    ), a prince of the tribe of
    the elder brother of Moses, whom he
    assisted, under the divine direction, in
    delivering the Israelites from Egypt, and
    was consecrated, at 84 years of age, the
    first high-priest of Israel, Lev. 8.--
    Aaron's ordination was solemnly con-
    firmed by an illustrious miracle, Num.
    16. 17.; and after exercising his minis-
    try 39 years, he died, A.M. 2552, aged 123
    years, 33:38, 39.   See PRIEST.
  2. ABAD'DON, ’Αβαδδων (destruction), king
    of the locusts, the angel of the bottomless
    pit, whose name in the Hebrew tongue
    is Abaddon, but in the Greek tongue
    Apollyon (the destroyer), Rev. 9:3-11.
    Commentators differ in expounding this
    prophetical passage: they regard it as
    signifying a destructive chief and his
    ; but some refer the locusts to
    the barbarous
    Saracens, and their king
    to Mah_mm_d and his successors
    ; others,
    and more generally, to the various orders
    of the Romish clergy, forming that anti-
    christian hierarchy, and their king to the
    usurped authority of the popes.
  3. ABAGTH'A, [h] (father of the wine-
    ), a chamberlain of king Ahasuerus,
    of Persia, Esth. 1:10.
  4. ABA'NA, [h] (stony), and Pharpar,
    Syrian rivers.   Abana is probably the
    Baraddy, rising in mount Lebanon and
    flowing round Damascus; and Pharpar
    the Orontes, whose source is near that
    metropolis, and passing Antioch in a
    course of about 200 miles NW., falls
    into the Mediterranean, 2 Kings 5:12.
  5. ABA'RIM, [h] (passage), a range of
    mountains in the land of Moab; on
    which were Nebo, Hor, Pisgah, &c., ren-
    dered famous by the encampments of the
    Israelites, Num. 27:12; 33:47, 48.
  6. ABASE, to humble, or bring down, Job
    40:11; Dan. 4:37.
  7. ABATED, lessened in quantity, Gen.
    8:3; Lev. 27:18; reduced in power,
    Deut. 34:7; moderated, Judg. 8:3.
  8. AB'BA, [h] (Syriac, endeared father).
    True Christians are inspired with filial
    affection towards God, so as to use this ex-
    pression in the manner of their peculiar
    privilege: this delightful frame of mind
    is the fruit of the Holy Spirit, Rom. 8:
    15; Gal. 4:6.  
    Jesus used this term in
    enduring His mysterious agony in the
    , Mark 14:36.
  9. ABED'NEGO, [h] (servant of light), the
    Chaldean name given to Azariah, one
    of the three companions of Daniel in
    captivity at Babylon, on occasion of his
    being promoted in the court of Nebu-
    chadnezzar, Dan. 1:7.   The integrity of
    these pious youths was rewarded by their
    miraculous deliverance from the king's
    fiery furnace.   An angel, probably the
    Son of God (see Josh. 5:13, 15; 6:2),
    appearing as their deliverer, and thus
    leading the proud monarch to do homage
    to Jehovah of Israel, Dan. 3:12, 25.
  10. A'BEL, הבל (vanity or mourning), the
    second son of
    Adam and Eve, born in [an
    early] year of the world.   Abel
    worshipped God by sacrifice in faith of
    the Messiah, and died the first martyr
    for Christ, by the hands of his infidel
    brother Cain, about A.M. 129, Gen. 4.
    Heb. 11:4; 1 John 3:12.
  11. ABEL, a noted place near Bethshe-
    mesh, 1 Sam. 6:18: a city supposed to
    be in the north-west of Canaan, 2 Sam.
    20:14, 18; 1 Kings 15:20.
  12. A'BEL-MISRA'IM, [h]- הבל (the mourn-
    ing of the Egyptians
    ), a place where the
    Egyptians mourned with Joseph and his
    brethren, on entering Canaan with the
    corpse of Jacob, Gen. 50:11.
  13. A'BEL-SHIT'TIM, [h]- הבל (the mourn-
    ing of the thorns
    ), a city opposite Jericho,
    beyond Jordan in the land of Moab,
    Num. 33:49; 25:1.
  14. ABHOR, to hate, Lev. 26:[11, 15], 30: to
    detest, Deut. 7:26; Rom. 12:9.
  15. ABHORRED, loathed, Exod. 5:21; Zech.
    11:8: rejected, Lev. 20:23.
  16. A'BI, [h] (my father), the wife of Ahaz,
    king of Judah, and mother of king He-
    zekiah, 2 Kings 18:2: she is called
    ABIJAH, 2 Chron. 29:1.
  17. ABI'AH, [h], ABIAH or ABIJAH (the
    Lord my father
    ), the name of one of the
    twenty-four courses of the priests, [1] Chron.
    24:10; Neh. 12:4, 17; Luke 1:[5].
  18. ABI'ATHAR, [h] (father of abundance),
    the son of Ahimelech, the high-priest,
    whom Saul ordered to be murdered with
    his family and the priests of Nob, 1 Sam.
    22:16-20.   Abiathar appears to have
    assisted his father in the sacred office,
    and to have aided David, Ma[rk] 2:26;
    but, escaping the sword, he fled to David,
    who retained him as priest, 1 Sam. 23:
    6-9, while Saul appointed Zadok; so
    that, when David ascended the throne,
    both were continued in office, 2 Sam.
    8:7; 1 Chron. 18:16; but Abiathar,
    uniting with the party of Adonijah, was
    deprived of the priesthood by Solomon,
    1 Kings 2:26, 27.
  19. A'BIB, [h] (ears of corn), the month of
    the Jewish year when the corn was ripe:
    this month, called also
    Nisan, was made
    the beginning of the year in sacred cal-
    culations, because on the fourteenth of
    it the Hebrews ate the passover and
    were delivered from Egypt, Exod. 12.
    See YEAR.
  20. ABIDE, to stay or remain, Gen. 19:2;
    John 14:16: to endure, Jer. 10:10: to
    wait for, Acts 20:23.
  21. ABIDING, dwelling, Num. 24:2.
  22. AB'IGAIL, [h] (my father's joy), the
    discreet wife of churlish Nabal, after
    whose death she became married to
    David, 1 Sam. 25.
  23. ABI'HU, [h] (my father himself), a son
    Aaron, and who was consumed by fire
    from God, with his brother Nadab, only
    eight days after their consecration as
    priests: their sin is thought to have been
    excessive drinking, Lev. [10]:1-10.
  24. ABI'JAH, [h] (the Lord my father), the
    pious son of Jeroboam, the first king of
    the ten tribes, and the only one of his
    wicked father's family who was buried
    with funeral honours, 1 Kings 14:1, 18.
  25. ABI'JAH, called also ABIJAM, the son
    and successor of Rehoboam on the throne
    of Judah, 1 Kings 15:1; [2] Chron. 13.
  26. ABI'JAH, the wife of king Ahaz, and
    mother of Hezekiah, 2 Chron. 29:1:
    she is called also ABI, 2 Kings 18:4.
  27. ABIJAH, a chief of a company of
    priests, 1 Chron. 24:10.
  28. ABILE'NE, ’Αβιληνη (the father of the
    ), a small province of
    west of Damascus, and near Lebanon,
    Luke 3:1.
  29. ABILITY, property, Lev. 27:8; Acts
    11:29: talents for business, Dan 1:4;
    Matt. 25:15.
  30. ABIMELECH, [h] (my father the
    ), a title of the Philistine kings, as
    Pharaoh was of those in Egypt, Gen 20:
    2; 26:1.
  31. ABIM'ELECH, a son of Gideon, who
    assumed royalty in Israel, Judges 9.
  32. ABIN'ADAB, [h] (father of nobility),
    a Levite, with whom the ark of God was
    deposited at Kirjathjearim, 1 Sam. 7:1.
  33. ABINADAB, a son of Jesse and brother
    David, 1 Sam. 16:8.
  34. ABINADAB, a son of king Saul, 2 Sam.
  35. ABIN'ADAB, a principal officer of king
    Solomon, 1 Kings 4:11.
  36. ABIN'OAM, [h] (father of delight),
    the father of Barak, Judg. 4:6; 5:1.
  37. ABI'RAM, [h] (father of loftiness), a
    prince of the tribe of Reuben, who, with
    others, conspired against Moses and
    Aaron; but who was fearfully punished
    by the miraculous visitation of God, Num.
    16.; Psal. 106:17.
  38. ABI'RAM, the eldest son of Hiel of
    Bethel, 1 Kings 16:34; Josh. 6:26.
  39. ABI'SHAG, [h] (ignorance of the father),
    the wife of king David, married in his
    old age for the purpose of being his
    nurse, 1 Kings 1:24.
  40. ABISH'AI, [h] (father of a gift), a son
    of David's sister Zeruiah, and a famous
    general in the army of the king his
    uncle, with his brother
    Joab, 1 Sam.
    26:6; 2 Sam. 10:10.
  41. ABJECTS, worthless or base persons,
    Psal. 35:15.
  42. ABLE, qualified, Exod. 18:21:
    powerful, Dan. 3:17: commissioned,
    Heb. 7:25: experienced, 2:18.
  43. AB'NER, [h] (father of the light), a
    famous general in the army of king Saul:
    he was cousin to the king, being the son
    of Ner, Saul's uncle, 1 Sam. 14:51.
    Abner was basely murdered by Joab, in
    revenge for the death of his brother
    Asahel, 2 Sam. 3:25, 37.
  44. ABOARD, in a ship, Acts 21:2.
  45. ABODE, a habitation, 2 Kings 19:27;
    John 14:23.
  46. ABOLISH, to destroy, Isa. 2:18.
  47. ABOMINABLE, detestable or hateful,
    Lev. 11:43; Tit. [1]:16.
  48. ABOMINABLY, wickedly, or shamefully,
    1 Kings 21:26.
  49. ABOMINATION, a detestable thing, as
    sin, especially idolatry, Deut. 7:25,
    26; 1 Kings 11:5, 7: the unclean prac-
    tices of the heathen, Deut. 12:31; 18:
    9, 12: hypocrisy in religion, Prov. 27:
    9; Isa. 1:13.
    idolatrous standards[?] of the Roman army
    which destroyed Jerusalem
    , Matt. 24:
    15; Dan. 9:27.
  51. ABOUND, to be in great plenty, Prov.
    28:20: to surpass, Rom. 5:15, 20: to
    increase, Phil. 1:9.
  52. ABOVE, higher in place, Gen. 1:7:
    superior in station, Matt. 10:24: heavenly,
    Col. 3:1, 2: heaven, Jam. 1:17; 3:15.
  53. ABRAM, אברם (the father of elevation), the
    original name of Abraham, Gen. 17:5.
  54. ABRAHAM, אברהם (the father of a great
    ), a Syrian patriarch of such
    eminent piety as to be called by
    "Abraham my friend[,]" and to be con-
    stituted the founder of the church of
    God in the Hebrew nation.   Abraham
    was born A.M. 2008, only two years after
    the death of Noah.   His call from Chal-
    dean idolatry--his sojourning in Canaan
    --God's covenant with him--his being
    appointed the father of the church--his
    offering up of his son Isaac--and indeed
    the whole of his most instructive history,
    deserve the deepest attention of every
    reader, Gen. 11:27; 12.; 25.; Isa. 41:
    8; Gal. 3.; 4.; Heb. 11:8-19.   Abraham
    died at the age of 175 years, and was
    buried by his sons Isaac and Ishmael,
    Gen. 25:7-9.   See ISAAC.
    • Abraham, the first Jew.   "the church"
      in the wilderness, Acts 7:38.
  55. ABROAD, out of the house, Exod. 12:
    46: public, Esth. 1:17.
  56. AB'SALOM, [h] (father of peace), a
    son of
    David by Maachah, daughter of
    Talmai king of Geshur, was a young man
    of elegant person, great talents, and in-
    satiable ambition: he was slain in rebel-
    lion against his father, 2 Sam. 13.; 19.
    Absalom's pillar, erected to perpetuate
    his memory after his sons had died, 2
    Sam. 14:27; 18:18, is mentioned by
    Josephus as a marble column; but our
    engraving represents the monument
    shown to modern travellers as bearing
    the name of Absalom.
  57. ABSENCE, a state of separation or dis-
    tance, Luke 22:6; Phil. 2:12.
  58. ABSENT, separated or at a distance,
    Gen. 21:49; Phil. 1:27.
  59. ABSTAIN, to forbear or refrain from,
    evil practices, Acts 15:20, or lawful
    enjoyments, 1 Tim. 4:3.
  60. ABUNDANCE, great plenty, 1 Kings 10:10.
  61. ABUNDANT, plentiful, Jer. 51:13; 1 Pet.
  62. ABUNDANTLY, numerously, Gen. 1:20;
    Exod. 1:7: powerfully, Eph. 3:20; 2 Pet. 1:4.
  63. ABUSE, to injure, 1 Sam. 31:4; 1
    Cor. 9:18.
  64. ABUSERS, corrupters, 1 Cor. 6:9.
  65. ACCEPT, to approve, 2 Sam. 24:23.
  66. ACCEPTED, approved, Gen. 4:9: to
    be received with
    favour, as repenting
    sinners are "accepted in the beloved"
    Son of God, by faith in the gospel, which
    testifies his atonement
    , Eph. 1:6.   The
    gospel dispensation is "the accepted
    [,]" and "the day of salvation" to man-
    kind, 2 Cor. 6:2.
  67. ACCEPTABLE, pleasing, Eccles. 12:10;
    Rom. 15:16; 1 Pet. 2:5.
  68. ACCEPTATION, reception, 1 Tim. 1:15.
  69. ACCESS, free admission: this privilege
    believers of all nations enjoy by the
    mediation of Christ into the presence of
    God as their covenant Father, Rom. 5:2;
    Eph. 3:18.
  70. AC'CAD, [h] (a vessel or pitcher), one of
    the cities of Nimrod, supposed to be the
    modern Akkerkoof, situated about nine
    miles west of the Tigris, where that river
    makes its nearest approach to the Eu-
    phrates, Gen. 10:10.   There is found here
    a vast mound surmounted by a mass of
    brick-work resembling a tower or irre-
    gular pyramid, about 300 feet in circum-
    ference at the bottom, and rising 125 or
    130 feet above the greatly inclined eleva-
    tion on which it stands.   The layers of
    brick are cemented with bitumen, and
    the mound is formed of rubbish from the
    decayed superstructure, as represented
    in the engraving.   The tower indicates
    the site of an ancient town, and its iden-
    tity with Accad is confirmed by this
    primitive monument, which the Arabs
    call Tel Nimrood, and the Turks Nemrood
    Tepassé, both of which signify the Hill of
    Nimrod.   It is supposed to have been
    consecrated as a temple and observatory
    for the worship of the celestial lumi-
    naries, and piles of this kind seem to
    have been erected in many of the prin-
    cipal cities of this region, built after the
    model of that of the metropolitan city of
    Babel.   See BABEL.
  71. AC'CHO, [h] (enclosed), a sea-port of
    Galilee on the Mediterranean, near
    mount Carmel: it fell to the tribe of
    Asher, Judg. 1:31.   It was called Ptole-
    mais, Acts 21:7, from Ptolemy king of
    Egypt.   The Crusaders [RCC] took it and ren-
    dered it famous in their wars: the
    knights of St. John called it St. Jean
    d'Acre; and it is still called Acre, and
    contains about 10,000 inhabitants, many
    of whom are Jews.
  72. ACCOMPANIED, attended as a compa-
    nion, Acts 10:23.
  73. ACCOMPLISH, to fulfil, Lev. 22:21.
  74. ACCOMPLISHMENT, fulfilment, Acts
  75. ACCORD, agreement, Josh. 9:2; Acts
    1:14: union of mind, 7:57.
  76. ACCORDING, in a manner suitable,
    Gen. 41:54; Phil. 3:21.
  77. ACCOUNT, a reckoning, Exod. 12:4.
  78. ACCOUNT, to regard, Deut. 2:11, 20;
    1 Cor. 4:1: to impute, Gal. 3:6.
  79. ACCURSED, devoted to destruction,
    Josh. 6:17, 18.   "Calling Jesus ac-
    was maliciously slandering Him
    as a deceiver, 1 Cor. 12:3.  
    Paul, ac-
    cording to the Greek of Rom. 9:3, did
    formerly wish himself accursed or sepa-
    rated from Christ like other infidel Jews.
  80. ACCUSATION, a criminal charge, Ezra
    4:6; Matt. 27:37.
  81. ACCUSE, to charge with crime, Prov.
    30:10; Josh. 5:45.
  82. ACCUSER, he that brings a charge,
    John 8:10:
    Satan is so called, on
    account of his active malice
    against the
    godly, Rev. 12:10.
  83. ACEL'DAMA, ’Ακελδαμα (the field of
    ), was a small plot of ground where
    clay was dug for fullers and potters;
    but so called after the Jews had pur-
    chased it with the money for which
    Judas betrayed his Master, Jesus, Matt.
    27:8; Acts 1:18, 19; Zech. 9:12, 13.
    It is now a grave-yard for the Arme-
    nians, about 100 feet by 40, and called
    Campo Sancto; and it is said by some
    that it will consume a corpse in two or
    three days.
  84. ACHA'IA, ’Αχαια (grief), sometimes
    denotes all Greece, 2 Cor. 11:10: pro-
    perly it was a small canton of Greece,
    of which Corinth was the capital, Acts
    18:1, 12; 2 Cor. 1:1.   See CORINTH.
  85. ACHA'ICUS, ’Αχαικος (a native of Achaia),
    an eminent Christian of the church at
    Corinth, 1 Cor. 16:17.
  86. A'CHAN, [h] (troubler), a transgressor
    in the tribe of Judah, by whose sin, in
    secreting a Babylonish garment, a wedge
    of gold, and a quantity of silver, at the
    taking of Jericho, he brought trouble
    upon the people of Israel, Josh. 7.
  87. ACH'BOR, [h] (a rat, bruising, or en-
    closing a wall
    ), the father of Baal-haman,
    king of Edom, Gen. 36:38, 39.
  88. ACHBOR, a nobleman in the court of
    king Josiah, 2 Kings 22:12, 14.
  89. A'CHISH, [h] (how is this?), a king of
    Gath, by whom David was sheltered
    when pursued by king Saul, 1 Sam. 21.;
    27.; 29.
  90. ACH'METHA, [h] (a box, or summer-
    ), supposed to be the ancient and
    celebrated city of Ecbatana, in Media,
    the summer residence of the kings of
    Persia, Ezra 6:2.
  91. A'CHOR, [h] (trouble), a valley near Jeri-
    cho, where the Israelites were distressed
    through the sin of Achan, Josh. 7:26.
    Pious persons now find "a door of hope"
    and succour in the valley of trouble, Hos.
  92. ACH'SAH, [h] (adorned, or bursting the
    ), the daughter of Caleb, Josh. 15:16, 18.
  93. ACH'SHAPH, [h] (poison, trick, or one
    that breaks
    ), a city of Asher on the Medi-
    terranean coast near Tyre; the same
    or near to Achzib, now called Zib by the
    Arabs, Josh. 11:1; 19:25, 29.
  94. ACKNOWLEDGE, to confess, Gen.
    38:26: to approve, 2 Cor. 1:13: to
    worship, Dan. 11:39.
  95. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT, intelligent con-
    , Col. 2:2.
  96. ACQUAINT, to get a familiar know-
    ledge of, Job 22:21; Eccles. 2:3.
  97. ACQUAINTANCE, a familiar friend or
    companion, Job 19:13; Psal. 55:1-3.
  98. ACQUIT, to release from a criminal
    charge, Nah. 1:3
  99. ACRE, a plot of ground, as much as a
    yoke of oxen could plough in a day.
    Ten acres yielding one bath indicates ex-
    treme barrenness, as threatened by the
    prophet, Isa. 5:10.   The English acre
    contains 4,840 square yards; the Roman,
    3,200; the Egyptian, about 3,698.
  100. ACTS, memorable deeds or achieve-
    ments, Deut. 11:3; 1 Kings 10:6.
  101. ACTS OF THE APOSTLES, Book of, the
    inspired history of the
    church of Christ,
    in the promulgation of Christianity, con-
    tinued by Luke, from the ascension of
    our Lord, to the year 64.   It relates only
    part of the labours of the apostles: prin-
    cipally those of Peter in establishing
    churches among the Jews, and in the
    admission of the Gentiles, Acts 1. to 12.
    The latter part of the book chiefly details
    the various missionary labours of Paul,
    especially in gathering churches among
    the Gentiles, until he was carried a pri-
    soner to Rome.   This book of the Acts
    is invaluable as recording the practices
    of the [early] churches, and of the
    first preachers of the gospel, and as con-
    taining a vast body of evidence of the
    divinity and excellency of Christianity.
    See Commentary.
  102. A'DAH, [h] (an assembly), one of the
    two wives of Lamech, mother of Jabal
    and Jubal, Gen. 4:19.
  103. A'DAH, a wife of Esau, Gen. 36:4.
  104. AD'AM, אדם (earthy), the name given by
    Creator to the first human pair,
    Gen. 5:2; though afterwards it was
    applied exclusively to the first man,
    Gen. 2.; 3.   His creation in perfection,--
    his mysterious nature, formed in the
    image and likeness of God his Maker,--
    his intellectual powers and his character
    as the lord of the world, the head of
    mankind,--his transgression and fall
    from holiness and happiness,--his being
    a type of Christ the "second Adam,"--
    all deserve the most attentive and devout
    consideration of every Christian, Gen. 3.;
    Rom. 5:12-19; 1 Cor. 15:21, 22, 45-49.
    • Adam, a real person created by God.
      See Creation.
  105. AD'AM, a city on the eastern bank of
    Jordan, in Perea, Josh. 3:16.
  106. ADAMANT, the diamond; the hardest,
    the most beautiful, and most precious of
    all gems.   See DIAMOND.  
    sinners are spoken of as hardening their
    foreheads and their hearts
    , as the ada-
    mant, Ezek. 3:9; Zech. 7:12.
  107. A'DAR, (a cloak or power), a Hebrew
    month, Esth. 3:7.   See MONTH.
  108. ADD, to join by increasing the number,
    Gen. 30:24; or quantity, Lev. 5:16;
    or quality, 1 Pet. 1:5.
  109. ADDED, joined, Dan. 4:36; as an
    increase of numbers, Acts 2:41; 5:14.
  110. ADDER, a venomous serpent, usually
    called VIPER: the word occurs five times
    in the Bible: Gen. 49:17, [h] (SHE-
    ), probably the Cerastes: Psal.
    58:4; 91:13, [h] (PETHEN), the Asp:
    Psal. 140:3, [h] (ACHSUB), rendered
    ASP, Rom. 3:13: Prov. 23:32, [h]
    (TZIPHONI), the Basilik.   See COCKA-
  111. ADDICTED, devoted or employed, 1 Cor.
  112. ADJURE, a solemn charge under a
    curse, Judg. 6:26; or solemnly to re-
    quire a declaration of the truth in the
    name of
    God: thus our Saviour made
    confession of His Messiahship
    in the
    council of the Jews, Matt. 26:63, 64.
  113. AD'MAH, [h] (red earth, or bloody), one
    of the four cities destroyed by fire from
    heaven, on account of the wickedness
    of the inhabitants, Gen. 14:2; Deut.
    29:23.   See
  114. ADMINISTRATION, the execution of an
    office, 1 Cor. 11:5; 2 Cor. 9:12.
  115. ADMIRATION, wonder, Rev. 17:6:
    professed esteem, Jude 16.
  116. ADMIRED, regarded with esteem and
    wonder, 2 Thess. 1:10.
  117. ADMONISH, to reprove and instruct
    with kindness, 2 Thess. 3:15.
  118. ADMONITION, kind reproof, Eph. 6:4;
    Tit. 3:10.
  119. ADO, trouble or bustle, Mark 5:39.
    • Adon-Adonai - Jehovah Our Ruler--HL, p. 15.
  120. ADONIBE'ZEK, [h] (the Lord of
    ), a cruel king of Bezek, in
    Canaan, mutilated when taken captive
    by the tribe of Judah, Judg. 1:1-7.
  121. ADONI'JAH, [h] (the Lord my master),
    the fourth son of David, who, having
    never been corrected by his father,
    usurped the throne and thus fell into
    ruin, 1 Kings 1.; 2.
  122. ADONIZE'DEK, [h] (lord of justice),
    the king of Jerusalem, when the Israelites
    entered Canaan: he was conquered by
    Joshua, Josh. 10:1, 23.
  123. ADOPTION, the taking of a child into
    a family as a son or daughter: as
    Pharaoh's daughter adopted the outcast
    Moses, Exod. 2:1, 10; and Mor-
    decai the orphan Esther, Esth. 2:7.
  124. ADOPTION, as a Christian privilege, is
    a sovereign act of the Divine
    favour, in
    which the sinful and unworthy children
    of men are received, by faith in Christ
    and true repentance, as the children of
    God, and thus become entitled to all
    needful blessings on earth, and to the
    glory of immortality, as their sure inhe-
    ritance in Heaven
    , Rom. 8:15, 23; Eph.
    1:5; 2 Cor. 6:18.
  125. ADO'RAM, [h] (their beauty, or their
    ), called also Adoniram, and Hado-
    ram, the chief treasurer, or receiver-
    general of the revenue, under David,
    Solomon, and Rehoboam, or with his
    son, as some suppose, of the same name.
    He fell a victim to the fury of the popu-
    lace, when the Israelites were provoked
    by the haughty despotism of king Reho-
    boam, 2 Sam. 20:2; 1 Kings 4:6; 12:
    13; 2 Chron. 10:18.
  126. ADORN, to decorate with ornaments,
    Isa. 61:10.
  127. ADORNING, decorations or ornaments,
    1 Pet. 3:3.
  128. ADRAM'MELECH, [h] (the cloak of the
    , or the grandeur of the king), an idol-
    deity, to which children were sacrificed
    by the Sepharvites, the new Assyrian
    settlers in Samaria, 2 Kings 17:31.
  129. ADRAM'MELECH, a son of Sennacherib,
    king of Assyria, who, with his brother
    Sharezer, murdered his father in the
    temple of his idol-god Nisroch, 2 Kings
  130. ADRAMYTTIUM, [g] (the court
    of death
    ), a maritime town of Assyria, in
    Asia Minor, Acts 27:2.
  131. A'DRIA, [g], the sea at the entrance
    of the modern gulf of Venice, Acts
  132. A'DRIEL, [h] (the flock of God), the
    husband of Merab, the eldest daughter
    of King Saul, 1 Sam. 18:19; 2 Sam.
  133. ADUL'LAM, [h] (their testimony, or
    their ornament), a town of Judah, near
    the sea of Sodom, Josh. 12:35; 1 Sam.
  134. ADULTERER, a man guilty of violating
    marriage vow, Lev. 20:10.
  135. ADULTERESS, a woman guilty of vio-
    lating the
    marriage vow, Rom. 7:3.
  136. ADULTEROUS, guilty of adultery, Prov.
    30:20; Matt. 12:[39].
  137. ADULTERY, conjugal infidelity, Mark
    idolatry, as the aggravated crime
    of infidelity against God, Jer. 3:8, 9.
  138. ADVENTURE, to put in hazard, Judg.
    9:17; Acts 19:31.
  139. ADVERSARY, an opponent, or enemy,
    Num. 22:22; Josh. 5:13; Est. 7:6.
  140. ADVERSITY, calamity or trouble,
    1 Sam. 10:19; Eccles. 7:14.
  141. ADVERTISE, to inform beforehand,
    Num. 24:14.
  142. ADVICE, counsel, Judg. 19:30; 2 Cor.
  143. ADVISE, to counsel, 2 Sam. 24:13;
    Acts 27:12.
  144. ADVOCATE, a patron, comforter, or
    instructor; one who pleads the cause
    of another: this is an appropriate title
    Christ, 1 John 2:1; and also of the
    Holy Spirit, who is called by the same
    Greek word
    , in John 14:16, 26; 15:26;
    16:7, Παρακλητος (Parakletos).   See COM-
  145. ADUM'MIM, [h] (bloody ones), moun-
    tain passes near Jericho, notoriously
    infested with robbers, Josh. 15:7; 18:
    17: it is referred to by Christ, Luke 10:
    30, 36.
  146. AFAR, at a distance, Gen. 22:4;
    Matt. 26:58.
  147. AFFAIRS, matters of business, Dan. 2:
    49; 3:12.
  148. AFFECT, to act upon, or influence,
    Gal. 4:17, 18.
  149. AFFECTION, the disposition of the
    heart, Col. 3:2, 3.
  150. AFFECTIONATELY, cordially, or kindly,
    1 Thess. 2:8.
  151. AFFECTIONED, disposed in heart, Rom.
  152. AFFINITY, a relationship constituted
    by marriage, 1 Kings 3:1.
  153. AFFIRM, to declare, Rom. 3:8: to
    teach, Tit. 3:8.
  154. AFFLICT, to oppress, Gen. 15:13;
    Exod. 1:11, 12.
  155. AFFLICTION, distress, Exod. 3:7;
    persecution, 2 Tim. 1:8; 3:11.
  156. AFFORDING, yielding, or containing,
    Psal. 144:13.
  157. AFFRIGHT, to terrify, 2 Chron. 32:18.
  158. AFOOT, walking on foot, Acts 20:13.
  159. AFORE, before, 2 Kings 20:4: earlier,
    Rom. 1:2.
  160. AFORETIME, in time past, Job 17:6;
    Rom. 15:4.
  161. AFRAID, terrified, Gen. 42:35; Gal.
  162. AFTER, in subsequent time, Josh. 10:
    14: following, Deut. 6:14.
  163. AFTERNOON, the decline of the day,
    Judg. 19:8.
  164. AG'ABUS, [g] (a locust), a Christian
    prophet in the church at Antioch, Acts
    11:28.   See PROPHET.
  165. A'GAG, [h] (roof, or floor), a king of
    the wicked Amalekites, slain by Samuel,
    1 Sam. 15:28, 32.   Agag seems to have
    been a common name of the kings of
    Amalek, Num. 24:7.
  166. AGAIN, a second time, Gen. 8:21:
    also Heb. 1:5.
  167. AGAINST, in opposition, Gen. 16:12:
    waiting for, Exod. 7:15.
  168. AGATE, [g] (Achates), a gem of
    variegated colour, Exod. 28:19; Ezek.
    27:16.   Those now called Scotch and
    Egyptian pebbles are beautiful.
  169. AGE, a limited duration of human life,
    Gen. 47:28; or of the Divine dis-
    pensations, Eph. 2:7.   See CHRONO-
  170. AGED, old, or advanced in life, 2 Sam.
  171. AGO, past time, 1 Sam. 9:20; 2 Cor.
  172. AGONY, extreme pain, Luke 22:44.
  173. AGREE, to be of one mind, Matt. 18:
    18: to bargain, 20:2, 13.
  174. AGREEMENT, concord, 2 Cor. 6:16:
    a bargain, or stipulation, 2 Kings
  175. AGRIP'PA, [g] (who causes pain at
    the birth
    ), the name of several kings of
    Judea, Acts 25:13.   See
  176. AGROUND, on the sand in shallow
    water near the shore, Acts 27:41.
  177. AGUE, an intermitting fever, Lev.
  178. A'GUR, [h] (a stranger or gathering), the
    son of Jakeh, an ancient Hebrew sage,
    and writer of the thirtieth chapter of the
    book of
    Proverbs, Prov. 30:1.
  179. AH, a term of contempt, Psa. 35:25;
    Mark 15:29: and of lamentation, Isa. 1:
    6; Jer. 34:5.
  180. AHA, a term intimating contempt and
    triumph, Psa. 70:3.
  181. A'HAB, [h] (uncle of the father, or
    brother of the father), one of the kings of
    Israel, notorius for his idolatries and
    crimes, in which he was confirmed by
    wicked wife Jezebel, notwithstanding
    the zealous ministry of the faithful pro-
    Elijah, 1 Kings 16:28; [ch.] 22.
  182. A'HAB, a false prophet, who, with his
    wicked colleague Zedekiah, seduced the
    Jews to rebellion, for which they were
    put to a dreadful death by Nebuchad-
    nezzar, Jer. 29:21, 22.
  183. AHASUE'RUS, [h] (prince or chief),
    the king of Persia, and husband of
    Esther.   This mighty prince is made
    famous by Divine providence employing
    him to favour the Jews, making Esther
    his queen; and, having defeated the
    bloody stratagems of Haman, granting
    liberty to her people dispersed through
    various provinces of the Persian empire.
    Dr. Prideaux holds that he was Arta-
    xerxes Longimanus, following Josephus
    and others, Ezr. 4:6; Esth. 1.   See
  184. AHA'VA, [h] (essence or generation), a
    river of Assyria, at which Ezra as-
    sembled the Israelites, who went up
    from Babylon to Jerusalem on the de-
    cree of Artaxerxes, Ezr. 7:6, 7; 8:
    15, 21, 31.
  185. A'HAZ, [h] (one that possesses), a wicked
    king of Judah, and father of
    his short history is a record of his
    crimes, idolatries, and miseries, 2 Kings
    16:2; 2 Chron. 28.
  186. AHAZI'AH, [h] (possession of the Lord,
    or vision of the Lord), the wicked son and
    successor of
    Ahab on the throne of
    Israel, 1 Kings 22:51, 53; 2 Kings 1:
    1, 18.
  187. AHI'JAH, [h] (brother of the Lord), a
    prophet of God, whose ministry was ex-
    ercised in the reign of Solomon.   He re-
    proved him for his idolatries, 1 Kings 11:
    9-11; called Jeroboam to reign over the
    ten tribes, ver. 29, and wrote the annals
    of the reign of Solomon, 2 Chron. 9:29.
  188. AHI'KAM, [h] (brother of an enemy), a
    nobleman in the court of king Josiah,
    and friendly to Jeremiah, 2 Kings 22:
    12; Jer. 26:24.
  189. AHIM'AAZ, [h] (brother of anger), the
    son and successor of Zadok, the high-
    priest in the reign of David, 2 Sam. 15:
    27; 18:19, 20.
  190. AHIM'ELECH, [h] (brother of the king),
    the high-priest of Israel, murdered with
    his family, and the inhabitants and
    priests of the city of Nob, by the atrocious
    order of king Saul, 1 Sam. 21:1; 22:
  191. AHIT'HOPHEL, [h] (brother of folly),
    chief counseller to David, but a traitor:
    having been rejected, he closed his guilty
    course by the act of suicide, 2 Sam. 17:
    15; 18:1.
  192. AHI'TUB, [h] (brother of goodness), a
    high-priest, and father of Ahimelech, 1
    Sam. 22:9, 12; 1 Chron. 6:8.
  193. AHITUB, a high-priest, father of Zadok,
    2 Sam. 8:17; 1 Chron. 6:12; 24:3.
  194. AHO'LAH, [h] (his tabernacle), and
  195. AHO'LIBAH, [h] (my tabernacle is in
    ): these were two symbolical names,
    under which the prophet reproves the
    idolatry of Israel and Judah.   Aholah
    denoted Samaria, and Aholibah signified
    Jerusalem, Ezek. 23:4.
  196. AHO'LIAB, [h] (the tabernacle of the
    ), an inspired artificer, filled with
    wisdom to construct the tabernacle and
    its furniture with his colleague Bezaleel,
    Exod. 35:30, 35.   See BEZALEEL.
  197. A'I, [h], or HAI, Gen. 12:8 (mass or
    heap), a city of Canaan near to Jericho,
    taken by
    Joshua, Josh. 7:2; 8:1.
  198. AIDED, helped or assisted, Judg. 9:24.
  199. AILED, affected, pained, or troubled,
    Gen. 21:17; Judg. 18:23; 1 Sam. 11:5.
  200. AIR, that transparent elastic fluid in
    which we breathe, and which is essential
    to the
    life of all creatures both on land
    and in the waters.   Our Creator has en-
    wrapped the earth in this wonderful ele-
    ment to the height of about fifty miles:
    it is nearly the thousandth part of the
    weight of water, yet the column of it
    which presses on a square foot is about
    2160 lbs.; and, allowing fifteen square
    feet for a human body, the pressure of air
    on it amounts to 32,400 pounds weight.
  201. AJ'ALON, [h], or AIJALON, (strength, or
    an oak), the name of several small towns
    in Canaan, and of a valley famous for the
    miracle of the sun and moon standing still
    in favour of Joshua, Josh. 10:12; 21:24;
    Judg. 1:35; 12:12.
  202. ALABASTER, a white stone, a genus
    of fossils nearly allied to marble: this
    name was given to boxes or urns of
    stone, glass, gold, or silver, holding ten
    ounces of ointment of rich perfume,
    Mark 14:3.   Breaking the seal is in-
    tended by the evangelist saying the
    woman "brake the box."
  203. ALARM, a notice of danger, or call to
    war, Num. 10:5-9.
  204. ALAS, a term of lamenting, Num.
    12:11; Josh. 7:7; Rev. 18:10.
  205. ALBEIT, although, or notwithstanding,
    Ezek. 13:7.
  206. ALEXAN'DER, ’Αλεξανδρος (one that as-
    sists men
    , or turns away evil), a son of
    Simon, who was compelled to carry the
    cross of our Saviour
    , Mark 15:21.
  207. ALEXANDER, one of the Jewish coun-
    cil who threatened Peter and John,
    preaching Jesus Christ, Acts 4:
  208. ALEXANDER, a Jew of Ephesus, who
    endeavoured to quell the commotion of
    the excited populace after the preaching
    of Paul, Acts 19:33.
  209. ALEXANDER, a coppersmith who
    apostatized from Christianity, 1 Tim. 1:
    20; 2 Tim. 4:14.
  210. ALEXANDER THE GREAT, king of
    Macedon and conqueror of the East; he
    overthrew the Persian, and set up the
    Grecian, monarchy, as the third kingdom
    of brass, described by
    Daniel 2:39: he is
    represented as the leopard, 7:6, and
    the he-goat, 8:4, 7, 20, 21.   He died
    about the year 323 B.C.
  211. ALEXAN'DRIA, a famous city of Egypt,
    so named after its founder Alexander the
    Great, who peopled it with colonies of
    Greeks and Jews, Acts 18:24; 27:6.
    Alexandria was situated on the western
    branch of the Nile, near the Mediterra-
    nean: and being enlarged and made the
    royal residence of Alexander's suc-
    cessors, it became very populous, having
    about 300,000 inhabitants; and, next to
    Rome, the chief mart of commerce in the
    world, embracing the whole trade of
    India with Europe.   Ptolemy Philadel-
    phus established here a library, which is
    said to have increased so as to contain
    700,000 volumes; to enrich which, he
    procured or encouraged the first transla-
    tion of the law of Moses into Greek,
    about 280 years before the birth of Christ.
    Soon after this good work, the whole of
    the Old Testament was translated into
    the same language, and thus the Holy
    Scriptures became known, not only to
    the Jews who used the Greek tongue,
    but to the learned among the Gentiles,

    preparing the way for the preaching of
    the gospel after the advent of Christ.
    Christianity was early planted at Alex-
    andria, of which city Apollos was a
    native, and the evangelist Mark is said
    to have been chosen bishop of its first
    Christian church.   Modern Alexandria
    is built on the east of its ancient city,
    some of the ruins of which are repre-

    sented in our engraving.   The city con-
    tains about 15,000 inhabitants, and forms
    the port of Cairo.

  212. ALEXANDRIANS, Jews of Alexandria
    having a synagogue at Jerusalem, Acts
  213. ALGUM.   See ALMUG.
  214. ALIEN, foreign, not of the same family
    or country, Exod. 18:3; Deut. 14:21.
  215. ALIENATED, averse from: thus the
    heart of man being naturally depraved
    and alienated from holiness, is
    against God
    , Eph. 4:18; Col. 1:21.
  216. ALIKE, similar, Psal. 33:15: with-
    out any difference, Rom. 14:5.
  217. ALIVE, living, Gen. 7:23; Deut. 4:4:
    active in holiness, Luke 15:24, 32: pre-
    sumptuous and careless in self-righteous-
    ness, Rom. 7:9.
  218. ALL, the whole, Gen. 48:15: every
    thing, Exod. 20:11; Acts 14:15: every
    class, 1 Tim. 2:4; Tit. 2:11: many of
    every class, Matt. 3:5; Phil. 2:21; John
  219. ALLEDGING, declaring, Acts 17:3.
  220. ALLEGORY, a symbolical discourse,
    nearly resembling a parable or fab.,
    commonly used in the East to teach or
    illustrate some principle or doctrine;
    such is our
    Saviour's discourse con-
    cerning Himself as the Shepherd
    , John 10:
    1-28; and the Vine, 15:1-8.
  221. ALLELU'IA, ’Αλληλουια (praise ye the
    ): the Hebrew word הללו-יה HAL-
    , is so rendered in many psalms,
    111.   112. &c. as the expression of uni-
    praise to God from all nations,
    Jews and gentiles, Rev. 19:1, 3, 4, 6.
  222. ALLIED, related, by family, or mar-
    riage, Neh. 13:4
  223. ALLOW, to admit or approve, Luke 11:
    48; Rom. 7:15.
  224. ALLOWANCE, a sum or portion, as for
    daily use, 2 Kings 25:30.
  225. ALLURE, to attract, Hos. 2:14: to
    entice, 2 Pet. 2:18.
  226. ALMIGHTY (Heb. שדי Shaddai), omni-
    potent, all-sufficient, or all-bountiful, one
    of the Divine titles, indicating His glorious
    attributes, which inspires hope and con-
    fidence in Him as the
    Creator and Pre-
    of the world
    : this title was espe-
    cially used in the early ages, Gen. 17:1;
    Exod. 6:3; 2 Cor. 6:18.
  227. ALMONDS, nuts of the almond-tree,
    and which still form a considerable
    article of European commerce with the
    East, Gen. 43:11.
  228. ALMOND-TREE, Amygdalus communis, a
    beautiful nut tree, resembling the peach-
    tree in its leaves and blossoms, as repre-
    sented in our engraving, Exod. 25:33,34.
    Our second engraving represents the nuts
    of the almond on the centre branch;
    that on the left its flower, and that on
    the right the flowers of the Caucasian
    species.   Almond-flowers being beautiful,
    were limited in various ornaments,
    Exod. 37:19, 20; and they are alluded
    to as indicating a flourishing condition,
    Num. 17:8; Jer. 1:11.
  229. ALMS, gifts of charity to the poor,
    Matt. 6:1; Acts 3:2; 9:36.
  230. ALMUG, or ALGUM TREE, it was
    valuable for building and furniture,
    and Dr. Shaw thinks it was the cypress,
    1 Kings 10:11, 12; 2 Chron. 2:8; 9:
    10, 11.
  231. ALOES, a perfume prepared from the
    aloe plant, which grows about two feet
    high, with broad leaves nearly two inches
    thick: the gum extracted from which is
    so antiseptic, that it was used for em-
    balming, John 19:39, and in the com-
    position of various perfumes, Psal. 14:
    8; Prov. 7:17; Song 4:14.   The drug,
    which is still valuable, as a medicine, is
    formed from the juice of the leaves
    hardened in the sun.   Several species
    are enumerated; among which, the
    American aloe is regarded as most
    remarkable for its fine flowers.   Our
    engraving represents the Aloe socotrina.
  232. ALONE, single, or solitary, Gen. 2:8:
    only, Dan. 10:7.
  233. ALONG, forward, Num. 21:22.
  234. AL'PHA, the first letter of the Greek
    alphabet (Α α) as Omega (Ω ω) is the last:
    they are both used to indicate the divi-
    nity and eternity of our blessed
    Rev. 1:8, 11.
  235. ALPHE'US, ’Αλφαιος (a thousand), the
    father of
    James the Less, Matt. 10:3;
    Luke 6:15: he was the husband of
    Mary, Mark 15:40; John 19:25, sup-
    to have been sister to Mary the
    mother of Jesus.   Many suppose him to
    have been Cleopas, that being his name
    in Hebrew or Syriac, as Alpheus was in
  236. ALPHEUS, the father of Levi, or
    Matthew, Mark 2:14.
  237. ALREADY, at this present time, Exod.
    1:5; Matt. 17:12.
  238. ALTAR, an elevated sacred hearth on
    sacrifices and offerings were pre-
    sented to God, Gen. 8:20; 12:7; Exod.
    17:15.   Until after the deliverance of
    Noah from the deluge we do not find
    the word altar, although, before that
    event, the pious patriarchs offered sacri-
    fice by faith in the promised Messiah.
    Altars were at first heaps of earth or
    stones: but for tabernacle services, two
    with metal coverings were made by the
    direction of Moses, Exod. 30:27; 40:
  239. ALTAR (of burnt offering): this was about
    nine feet square, and five feet high, made
    of precious wood, and encased with brass,
    having a grate of the same metal: on
    this were offered the various sacrifices
    according to the law of Moses, Exod.
    27:1-8; 29:36-39.   Solomon made
    one much larger, it being nearly thirty-
    seven feet square, and half as much in
    height, with an easy ascent on each side,
    2 Chron. 4:1.   Our engraving represents
    the probable form of it, with an ordinary
    priest officiating.
  240. ALTAR (of incense): this was also made
    of precious wood, overlaid with gold,
    Exod. 30:1-9: it was about twenty-two
    inches square, and three feet eight inches
    in height.   Our engraving represent the
    probable form of it, with the high-priest

       Both of these altars prefigured the
    work of redemption by Jesus Christ; the
    altar of burnt offering denoted the sacri-
    fice of His death, and the altar of incense
    His sacerdotal prevailing intercession in
    Heaven, Heb. 9.

  241. ALTAR (of Christians): "We have an
    Heb. 13:10, which is Christ, on
    whose infinitely excellent Person, and
    perfect righteousness alone, all our offer-
    ings are presented acceptably to God.

    Ceremonial figures and types having been
    abolished by the sacrifice of Christ, there
    is no material altar allowed by Christi-
    anity, nor can there be any official priest,
    except our exalted Redeemer.
  242. ALTAR (TO THE UNKNOWN GOD): this was
    observed by the apostle Paul at Athens;
    from which he preached to the judges
    and people in the court of Areopagus:
    to what divinity this altar was raised is
    not known; but many learned men sup-
    pose that it was designed for the only
    living God, Jehovah
    , of whom some of
    their sages had gained considerable infor-
    mation from [connection] with the people
    of Israel, Acts 17:23.
  243. ALTER, to change, Lev. 27:10, Ezr.
    6:11, 12.
  244. ALTHOUGH, notwithstanding, Exod.
    13:17; Mark 14:29.
  245. ALTOGETHER, in all respects, Num.
  246. ALWAYS, perpetually, Deut. 5:29.
  247. AM'ALEK, [h], or OMELEK (a people
    that licks up
    , or a people that harasses), a
    grandson of
    Esau, Gen. 36:12.
  248. AMALEK, or AMALEKITES, a very
    ancient people, supposed to have de-
    scended from Ham, Gen. 14:7; Num.
    24:20; but especially the posterity of
    Esau's grandson: they were powerful in
    Arabia, and cherishing the hatred of Esau
    against Jacob, they endeavored to cut
    off Israel in the desert, but they were
    defeated by Joshua, Exod. 17:8-16.
    For this wickedness God doomed them
    to be extirpated, Num. 24:20; 1 Sam.
    15:1-33; 30:1-18.
  249. AMA'SA, [h], or OMESHA (a forgiving
    , or the burden of the people), a nephew
    of David, son of his sister Abigail: he
    was made general by his cousin Absalom,
    whom he joined in the rebellion, 2 Sam.
    17:25; he was pardoned and promoted
    by David, 19:13; but murdered by
    Joab, 20:10.
  250. AMAS'AI, [h], or OMESHI (the present
    of the people
    ), the chief of the captains of
    Judah and Benjamin, who joined David
    during the life of Saul, 1 Chron. 12:16-
    18.   Some commentators have supposed
    him to have been the Levite, son of
    Elkanah, 6:26.
  251. AMAZED, astonished, Job 32:15;
    Mark 2:12.
  252. AMAZEMENT, astonishment, Acts 3:
    10: horror, 1 Pet. 3:6.
  253. AMAZI'AH, [h] (the strength of the
    ), the eighth king of Judah; his reign
    was eventful, and his calamities many,
    as his heart was not perfect with God,
    2 Kings 14:1-20; 2 Chron. 25:1-28.
  254. AMAZIAH, an idolatrous priest of
    Bethel of great influence under king
    Jeroboam II., Amos 7:10-17.
  255. AMBASSADOR, a messenger of a king,
    or sovereign state, to another king or
    state, 2 Chron. 32:31.   The apostles
    were ambassadors of the King Messiah,

    offering by proclamation the blessings of
    pardon and eternal life to rebellious
    sinners against God
    , 2 Cor. 5:20.
  256. AMBASSAGE, a message from a king or
    state; including the public messenger
    and his communication, Luke 14:32.
  257. AMBER, Heb. CHASMAL, a yellow semi-
    transparent hard bitumen: it is found in
    many parts, especially in Germany; but
    that mentioned in Scripture is thought
    to have been a metal, a mixture of silver
    and copper, Ezek. 1:4, 27; 8:2
  258. AMBUSH, a party of soldiers, concealed
    to surprise an enemy, Josh. 8:2.
  259. AMBUSHMENT, a party prepared to
    fall on an enemy by surprise, 2 Chron.
    13:13; 20:22.
  260. A'MEN', אמן, Gr. ’Αμην, true, certain,
    faithful, so be it, 1 Kings 1:36; Matt. 6:
    13: it is rendered verily in John 3:3-5;
    10:1; and is used to denote the certainty
    of a thing, 2 Cor. 1:20.   Christ is called
    "the Amen, the faithful and true wit-
    of God's mercy to mankind, as
    revealed in the gospel
    , Rev. 3:14.
  261. AMEND, to correct, or reform, Jer. 7:
    3: to recover health, John 4:52.
  262. AMENDS, full reparation for injury
    done, Lev. 5:16.
  263. AMERCE, to punish with a fine or
    penalty, Deut. 22:19.
  264. AMETHYST, a precious stone, of a
    purple or violet colour, though some are
    nearly colourless, Exod. 28:19; Ezek.
    27:16; Rev. 21:12.   This gem is
    found chiefly in the East, in Spain, Ger-
    many and Russia.
  265. AMIABLE, lovely, attractive, or delight-
    ful, Psal. 84:1.
  266. AMISS, faultily, criminally, Dan. 3:
    29; Luke 23:41.
  267. AM'MI, [h] (my people), a name given
    to Israel to indicate God's mercy to the
    people, and their final restoration, Hos.
    2:1; 3:5.
  268. AMMIN'ADAB, [h] (my people is liberal,
    or prince of my people), father of Elisheba,
    wife of
    Aaron, Exod. 6:23.
  269. AM'MON, [h] (son of my people), a name
    of Ben-ammi, the son of Lot's younger
    daughter by her father, Gen. 19:38.
  270. AMMON, or AMMONITES, descendants
    of Benammi: they dwelt on the east of
    Jordan, where it formed the sea of
    Sodom, Gen. 19:30-38; Deut. 2:19-22.
    The Ammonites were enemies of the
    Israelites, Judg. 10:11; 11:4-35; 1 Sam.
    11:11; and they were exceeding cor-
    rupt and guilty, worshipping the idol
    Molech, 1 Kings 11:7, 33; Zeph. 2:9.
  271. AM'NON, [h] (faithful), the eldest son
    David, 1 Chron. 3:1: his base cruelty
    to his sister Tamar procured his own
    murder, and occasioned dreadful guilt to
    his brother, and much calamity in the
    whole nation, 1 Sam. 13.
  272. A'MON, [h] (faithful), as Amnon, a king
    of Judah, son of Manasseh, and father of
    Josiah: he was a wicked man, and his
    crimes provoked his own servants to
    murder him, 2 Kings 21:18-26.
  273. AMONG, mingled with others, Jer. 5:
    26: in the midst, Num. 14:14.
  274. AM'ORITES, [h], AMORI (rebels or bab-
    ), a tribe of
    Canaanites, all of whom
    are sometimes comprehended under this
    name, Gen. 10:16; 15:16: they dwelt
    around the south of the sea of Sodom,
    Num. 13:29; 21:21, 30: they were
    idolaters, a corrupt people, doomed to
    extirpation on account of their abomina-
    tions, Deut. 20:17; Judg. 11:23.
  275. A'MOS, [h], or OMOS (loading, or
    weighty), a prophet of Israel, originally a
    herdsman of Tekoah, Amos 1:1; 7:14.
    He flourished with
  276. A'MOS (the Book): this book was de-
    signed to reclaim the Israelites from
    idolatry, denouncing the Divine judg-
    ments upon them and the surrounding
    nations, on account of their iniquities,
    calling to
    repentance with evangelical
    promises: the style of Amos is regarded
    as rural, but beautiful.   See Commentary.
  277. A'MOS, father of Mattathias in the
    genealogy of Christ, Luke 3:25.
  278. A'MOZ, [h] (strong, or robust), the father
    of the prophet Isaiah: he is believed to
    have been a son of king Joash, and
    brother of king Amaziah, 2 Kings 19:
    2-20; Isa. 1:1.   See ISAIAH.
  279. AMPHIP'OLIS, [g] (a city encom-
    ), a city of Macedonia between
    Philippi and Thessalonica, Acts 17:1.
    It is now called Emboli by the Turks.
  280. AM'PLIAS, [g] (large, or extensive), a
    Christian of note at Rome, Rom. 16:8;
    some say that he was one of the seventy dis-
    ciples, and at length bishop [pastor] of the Christian
    church at Odyssopolis in Mœsia.
  281. AM'RAM, [h] (exalted people), a Levite
    in Egypt, father of
    Aaron, Miriam, and
    Moses, Exod. 6:20.
  282. AM'RAPHEL, [h] (one that speaks
    hidden things
    ), the ancient king of Shinar,
    conquered by Abraham in recovering his
    nephew Lot, Gen. 14:17.

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