Bible Dictionary: B.   1840

  1. BA'AL, בעל, BOL, BEL, BELUS, (lord,
    master, or he that rules): this title was
    applied to the chief idol among the
    Chaldeans, Phenicians, Moabites, &c.,
    Num. 22:4.   It is believed to have
    been originally used as an appellative of
    the blessed Cre.; but religion having
    been corrupted, it was given to renowned
    benefactors and tyrants, who were deified
    and their images worshipped, Judg. 2:
    11-13, 6:25; 1 Kings 18:21-40.   Hence
    there were many Baalim or lords, Judg.
    2:11; Hos. 2:13-17.   See
    IDOLATRY.
    Baal was a title superadded to the
    names of [important] men and celebrated
    places, of which many examples are
    found in the Scriptures.
  2. BA'AL-BE'RITH, [h]-בעל (lord of the
    covenant
    ), an idol adopted and worshipped
    by Israel, Josh. 8:34.
  3. BA'AL-GAD, [h]-בעל (lord of the troop), a
    city of Hermon, near Lebanon, Josh.
    11:17.
  4. BA'AL-HAM'ON, [h]-בעל (lord of the
    multitude
    ), a fertile district of Judea,
    Song 8:11.
  5. BA'AL-HER'MON, [h]-בעל (lord of de-
    struction
    ), a district of Hermon, on Leba-
    non, Judg. 3:3.
  6. BA'ALI, בעלי (my lord), a title of honour
    used in idolatry, Hos. 2:16.
  7. BA'AL-PE'OR, [h]-בעל, BAAL-PHEGOR
    (lord of the opening), an idol worshipped
    with obscene rites by the Moabites,
    Num. 25:3-5.
  8. BA'AL-PER'AZIM, [h]-בעל (lord of divi-
    sions
    , or the plain of breaches), a plain or
    valley near Jerusalem, 2 Sam. 5:20.
  9. BA'AL-TA'MAR, [h]-בעל (lord of palm-
    tree
    ), a place near the city of Gibeah,
    Judg. 20:33.
  10. BA'AL-ZE'BUB, [h]-בעל (lord of the fly),
    the idol deity of the Ekronite Philistines,
    2 Kings 1:2.   Swarms of flies being
    noisome in the East, this fabulous divi-
    nity was worshipped as the protector
    from flies, as Jupiter Muscarius, or the fly-
    driver, was by the Romans.   The Jews
    changed his name to Beelzebub or Beelze-
    bul, the god of the dunghill: they also, in
    contempt, gave this name to the chief of
    the evil spirits, "the prince of the devils[,]"
    Matt. 12:24.
  11. BA'AL-ZE'PHON, [h]-בעל (lord of the
    north
    , or of the watch-tower), a fortified
    place on the north point of the Red sea,
    supposed to have a temple and idol of
    Baal to guard Egypt, Exod. 14:2.
  12. BA'ASHA, [h], or BOSHA (in the work,
    or who lays waste), a general in the army
    of Nadab, son of Jeroboam, king of Israel,
    who killed his master and usurped the
    throne, 1 Kings 15:27-29; 16:1-14.
  13. BA'BEL, בבל (confusion or mixture), a
    tower commenced, as is generally sup-
    posed, during the life of Noah, under the
    direction of
    Nimrod, a grandson of Ham,
    and about A.M. 1770, or 113 years after
    the deluge, though some place this work
    two or three hundred years later, Gen. 10:
    10; 11:1-9.   Nimrod is believed to have
    formed a system of idolatry for his adhe-
    rents, designing, by this means, to esta-
    blish a national union under his govern-
    ment, thereby frustrating the Divine
    designs, which required their dispersion,
    to repeople the earth.   This impious
    attempt occasioned their miraculous
    confusion of speech, on which account
    the building ceased, and the purpose of
    God was accomplished in the replenishing
    of the world, by the scattered people.
    How far the work had proceeded we are
    not informed; but it is believed that,
    besides three years in preparing mate-
    rials, twenty-two had been expended in
    the undertaking, and that the tower had
    been carried up several stories, laying
    the foundation for the city of Babylon.
    See BABYLON and ACCAD.
  14. BABBLER, an idle or vain talker,
    Eccles. 10:11; Acts 17:18.
  15. BABBLING, idle or vain talk, Prov.
    23:29; 1 Tim. 6:20.
  16. BABE, an infant, Exod. 2:6: an inex-
    perienced believer, 1 cor 3:1: a foolish
    person, Isa. 3:4.
  17. BAB'YLON, in Heb. BABEL, בבל, in
    Gr. Βαβυλων (confusion or mixture): this
    city arose from the building of Babel,
    and became the famous capital of Chaldea.
    This most celebrated metropolis of the
    East, enlarged by Belus, and further
    extended by queen Semiramis, about
    the year 1200 B.C., reached its summit
    of magnificence under Nebuchadnezzar,
    about the year 570 B.C., or when further
    embellished, by his daughter-in-law
    Nitocis.   Its magnitude was 480 fur-
    longs, or 60 miles in compass; being an
    exact square square of 15 miles on each side:
    its walls were built of brick laid in
    bitumen, 87 feet thick, and 350 feet high,
    on which were 250 towers, or, according
    to some, 316.   The materials for building
    the wall were dug from a vast ditch or
    moat, which was lined with brick-work,
    and, being filled with water from the
    river Euphrates, surrounded the city as
    a defence.   The city had 100 gates of
    solid brass, one at each end of its 50
    streets, 150 feet wide: these crossed the
    city; so that the whole was divided into
    676 squares, four and a half furlongs on
    each side, around which were houses, the
    inner parts being reserved for gardens,
    pleasure-grounds, and fields.   Facing the
    wall, on every side, was a row of houses,
    with a street between, of 200 feet wide;
    and the city was divided into two equal
    parts by the river Euphrates, over which
    was a bridge, and at each end of it a
    palace, communicating with each other
    under the river by a subterraneous pas-
    sage.   Near to the old palace stood the
    tower of Babel: this prodigious pile,
    being completed, consisted of eight towers,
    each 75 feet high, rising one upon
    another, with an outside winding stair-
    case, to its summit, which, with its chapel
    on the top, reached an elevation of 660
    feet.   In this chapel was a golden image
    40 feet high, valued at L3,500,000, and
    the whole of the sacred utensils were
    reckoned worth L40,000,000!   Besides
    these wonders, were the hanging gardens,
    on a series of elevated terraces, the up-
    permost equalling the height of the city
    walls, and having a reservoir, supplied
    by a machine with water from the river.
    This great work was designed by Nebu-
    chadnezzar to represent a hilly country,
    for the gratification of his wife Amytis,
    a native of Media.   Babylon flourished
    for nearly 200 years in this scale of
    grandeur; during which idolatry, pride,
    cruelty, and every abomination, prevailed
    among all ranks of the people; when
    God, by His prophets, denounced its utter
    ruin, and which was accordingly accom-
    plished, commencing with Cyrus taking
    the city, after a siege of two years, in
    the year 538 B.C., to emancipate the
    Jews, as foretold by the prophets.   By
    successive overthrows, this once "glory
    of the Chaldees' excellency,"
    this "lady
    of kingdoms,"
    has become a "desolation,"
    "without an inhabitant," and its temple
    a vast heap of rubbish!   Dan. 2. 6.; Isa.
    13. 45.; Jer. 50. 51.   "Birs Nemroud," as
    the ancient tower of Babel is called,
    Mr. Rich says, "is a mound of an oblong
    form, the total circumference of which
    is 762 yards.   At the eastern side it is
    cloven by a deep furrow, and is not more
    than 50 or 60 feet high; but on the
    western side it rises in a conical figure
    to the elevation of 198 feet, and on its
    summit is a solid pile of brick, 37 feet
    high by 28 in breadth, diminishing in
    thickness to the top, which is broken
    and irregular, and rent by a large fissure
    extending through a third of its height.
    It is perforated by small holes, disposed
    in rhomboids.   The fire-burnt bricks of
    which it is built have inscriptions on
    them; and so excellent is the cement,
    which appears to be lime-mortar, that it
    is nearly impossible to extract one whole.
    The other parts of the summit of this
    hill are occupied by immense fragments
    of brick-work, of no determinate figure,
    tumbled together, and converted into
    solid vitrified masses, as if they had
    undergone the action of the fiercest fire,
    or had been blown up with gunpowder,
    the layers of brick being perfectly dis-
    cernible."
      These ruins proclaim the
    divinity of the Holy Scriptures!
  18. BABYLON, or BABYLONIA, the country
    or province of Chaldea, so named from
    its capital city: it comprised a vast plain
    of extraordinary fertility, watered by
    the rivers Euphrates and Tigris, Psal.
    127:1; Ezek. 23:15, 17.
  19. BABYLON, a city which arose from the
    ancient Babel, and distant about 45
    miles: it was situated on the river Tigris,
    and called Seleucia from its founder, and
    New Babylon from its site, and from its
    being enriched with the spoils of the old
    city.   Here the apostle Peter is believed
    to have written one, or both, of his
    Epistles, 1 Pet. 4:13.   Jews have always
    resided in this city; and one of their
    famous collections of traditions with a
    commentary being made here, is called
    the Babylon Talmud.   The present city
    is called Bagdad, having a population of
    about 20,000, including Moh_mm_dans,
    Jews, and Greek and Romish Chris-
    tians.
  20. BABYLON THE GREAT, a symbolical
    title applied to
    Rome, on account of the
    popish hierarchy and its various cor-
    ruptions of Christianity, Rev. 16.; 17.;
    18.   See ANTICHRIST.
  21. BA'CA, [h] (mulberry-tree, or weeping wil-
    low
    ), a fertile vale through which was a
    great road from the south-west to Jeru-
    salem, supposed to be in the valley of
    Rephaim, Psal. 84:6; Isa. 17:5.
  22. BACK, the hind part of the body, 1
    Sam. 10:9; Dan. 7:6.   God casting our
    sins behind his back, denotes his for-
    giveness
    , Isa. 38:17: showing his
    back and not his face, designs disregard-
    ing the prayers of the insincere in dis-
    tress, Jer. 18:17.
  23. BACK, the place whence one came,
    Exod. 18:2; Ruth 2:6: behind, Luke
    9:62.
  24. BACKBITER, a censurer or calumniator,
    Rom. 1:30; Psal. 15:3.
  25. BACKBITING, censuring or calumniat-
    ing, Prov. 25:23.
  26. BACKSIDE, the further side, as of a
    desert, Exod. 3:1: the outside, as of
    a roll of a book, Rev. 5:1.
  27. BACKSLIDE, to fall back, as a beast
    from labour when in harness, Hos.
    4:16.
  28. BACKSLIDER, one who falls off from
    religion; first in heart, Prov. 14:14:
    then in practical godliness, Jer. 3:11,
    14; Hos. 14:4.
  29. BACKWARD, with the back forwards,
    Gen. 9:23; 1 Sam. 4:18: from bad to
    worse, Isa. 1:4.
  30. BAD, unfavourable, Gen. 24:50:
    evil, Lev. 27:10, 12; 2 Cor. 5:10.
  31. BADGER, a large animal that borrows
    in the ground: but the "badgers' skins,"
    used for covering the tabernacle, some
    understand of colour.   Dr. Harris and
    others suppose Moses to intend the skins
    of the sea-calf or seal, caught on the
    shores of the Red sea
    , Exod. 25:5;
    35:7, 23; Ezek. 16:10.
  32. BADNESS, evil in quality, Gen. 41:19.
  33. BAG, a sack or pouch, Deut. 25:13;
    1 Sam. 17:40: a purse for money, Hag.
    1:6; John 12:6.
  34. BAKE, to heat, as in preparing food,
    especially bread, Gen. 19:3; Exod.
    16:23.
  35. BAKEN, prepared for food by heating,
    Lev. 2:4; 1 Kings 19:6.
  36. BAKER, a maker of bread, Gen. 40:1;
    Jer. 37:21; Hos. 7:4.
  37. BA'LAAM, [h] (without the people), a
    pretended prophet or diviner of Pethor,
    on the Euphrates.   He had apostatized
    from the true worship of God, and
    acquired great fame by his practice in
    divination: his avarice, hypocrisy, and
    wickedness of heart are manifest, in his
    eagerness to obtain the rewards of king
    Balak, using various incantations in
    seeking permission to curse Israel.   Con-
    trary to his own will he was inspired to
    bless the people, and to prophesy their
    future prosperity.   He perished, how-
    ever, by the sword of Israel, with many
    of the Midianites, after the Israelites had
    been enticed by them to idolatry and
    uncleanness, through the wicked counsel
    of Balaam, Num. 22.; 24.; 31:8; 2
    Pet. 2:15; Rev. 2:14.   Balaam's ass [donkey]
    speaking was a miracle, which was fre-
    quently been a subject of cavil with
    infidels: but if we reflect that God
    alone gave to any of His creatures the
    power of speech, we shall not wonder at
    His conferring that faculty, in a single
    case for a specific purpose, on a dumb
    animal.   Besides, the miracle was most
    appropriate to the occasion: for God
    was about to restrain the tongue of
    Balaam, and make him say what was in
    his heart to speak concerning Israel.
    Bishop Newton well remarks, that the
    ass being merely passive, a greater
    miracle was wrought in restraining
    Balaam's tongue, than in speaking by
    the mouth of the ass.
  38. BALA'DAN, [h] (the Lord God, or ripe-
    ness of judgment
    , or without judgment), a
    famous king of Babylon, called by pro-
    fane authors, Belesis and Nabonassar,
    and whose son was in friendly alliance
    with Hezekiah, king of Judah, 2 Kings
    20:12.   See BERODACH.
  39. BA'LAK, [h] (who lays waste), an idola-
    trous king of Moab, who is famous
    through seeking to engage the false pro-
    phet Balaam to execrate Israel, Num.
    22.; 25.   See BALAAM.
  40. BALANCE, an instrument for weighing,
    the weights to which were stones, usually
    kept in small bags, Prov. 11:1; 16:11;
    Isa. 40:12; 46:6.   The Hebrew balance
    is supposed to have resembled our steel-
    yard, which is derived from the Romans.
  41. BALANCES, scales for weighing, as a
    pair of scales, Lev. 19:36; Jer. 32:
    10; Rev. 6:5.   To be "weighed in the
    balances,"
    is to be tried by the revealed
    will or law of God, Job 6:2; Dan. 5:27.

    In Egyptian monuments, the balance
    most frequently occurs, "Death Judg-
    ment;"
    and from these we have drawn
    our illustrations.

  42. BALD, wanting hair, Lev. 13:40; 2
    Kings 2:23; Jer. 48:37.
  43. BALDNESS, want of hair on the head,
    Lev. 21:5; Ezek. 7:18.
  44. BALM, balsam, an aromatic resinous
    gum, from the balsam-tree, used as a
    medicine.   Gilead was famous for the
    most precious kind, though it was pro-
    duced in abundance in the neighbour
    province of Arabia Felix, whence it was
    obtained by the Israelites, Egyptians,
    and Tyrians, for traffic, Gen. 37:25;
    Jer. 8:22; Ezek. 27:17.   Our engrav-
    ing represents the branches and leaves
    of the Balsamodendron Gileadense.
  45. BAND, a tie or bandage, Exod. 39:
    23; Judg. 15:14: a chain, Dan. 4:15,
    23: law or government, Psal. 2:3: rea-
    son or argument, Hos. 11:4: a company,
    as of soldiers, Acts 10:1: a family, Gen.
    32:7, 10.
  46. BANDED, covenanted or agreed in an
    enterprise, Acts 23:12.
  47. BANISHMENT, the state of expulsion
    from home or country, Ezr. 7:26; 2
    Sam. 14:13, 14.
  48. BANK, the side or brink of a river,
    Gen. 41:17: a heap of earth raised, 2
    Sam. 20:15: a place where money is
    kept, and let out of those in trade on
    interest, Luke 19:23.
  49. BANNER, an ensign of distinction,
    elevated as a standard, and used by
    armies to assemble, direct, and encourage
    the troops.   The tribes of Israel had
    peculiar banners or standards, Isa. 13:
    2; Num. 2:2.
  50. BANQUET, a sumptuous luxurious feast
    or supper, Esth. 5:5; Amos 6:7.
  51. BANQUETINGS, luxurious feastings, 1
    Pet. 4:3.
  52. BAPTISM, a kind of [immersion only], Matt 3:
    7.   [I]n what manner the Christian [church] ordinance of baptism was ad-
    ministered by the apostles, learned men
    are agreed: [Bible-obeying Christians] believe that it was done
    by the submersion of the whole body
    under water.  
  53. BAPTIZE, to [immerse] or [submerse],
    Mat. 3:6, 16; John 1:33; Acts 1:5.
  54. BAPTIZE WITH FIRE, the miraculous
    [immersion] of the Holy Spirit, Matt. 3:11;
    Acts 1:5; 2:3, 4.   Some think this
    refers also to the Divine judgments upon
    the corrupt Jews in the destruction of
    the city of Jerusalem
    , Matt. 24.
    • Baptize, -ed, -eth with the Holy Ghost.   An event that happened only during the days of the apostles in the book of Acts.
      "For John truly baptized with water; but ye shall be baptized with the Holy Ghost not many days hence."   Acts 1:5
      "Then remembered I the word of the Lord, how that he said, John indeed baptized with water; but ye shall be baptized with the Holy Ghost."   Acts 11:16
  55. BAPTIZED, did baptize, John 3:22;
    1 Cor. 1:14, 16.
  56. BAPTIZED, [completely] with water,
    Matt. 3:6, 11; Acts 9:18; 16:15, 33.
  57. BAPTIZED FOR THE DEAD, the "dead"
    seems to refer to Christ crucified, but if
    his resurrection is disallowed, baptism,
    administered in his name, in profession
    of dedication to his service, was vain,
    1
    Cor. 15:29-32.
  58. BAPTIZING, administering baptism,
    Matt. 28:19; John 1:28-31.
  59. BAPTIST, the surname of John, the
    herald of Christ; and who was so called
    on account of his ministry requiring
    purity of life, of which the baptism of
    his disciples was a significant profession,
    Matt. 3:1, 8 ["fruits" of "repentance"]; 14:2.  
    • Baptist, the historic faith of true Christianity, Eph. 4:5; Jude 1:3.
      See Baptist History.
  60. BAR, a bolt, as for fastening a large
    door, Judg. 16:3; Neh. 3:3: a kind of
    rafter in a building, Exod. 26:26, 28:
    a boundary, Job 38:10.
  61. BARAB'BAS, Βαραββας (son of the father),
    a notorious Jewish robber, whose liberty
    was solicited by the malignant Jews
    rather than that Pilate should liberate
    Jesus, Mark 15:7-12.
  62. BARACHI'AS, [g] (who blesses the
    Lord
    ), supposed to have been the same
    as Jehoiada, whose son, Zacharias, was
    slain between the temple and the altar,
    by order of king Joash, Matt. 23:35;
    2 Chron. 24:20, 21.   See ZECHARIAH.
  63. BARAK, [h] (thunder), a judge and
    deliverer of Israel from the oppression
    of Jabin, king of the Canaanites, Judg.
    4.   See DEBORAH.
  64. BARBARIAN, a stranger or foreigner,
    1 Cor. 14:11: an uncivilised and un-
    learned person; such the Greeks called
    all foreigners, and so the apostle used
    the term, Rom. 1:14.
  65. BARBAROUS, uncivilised or rude in the
    mode of life, Acts 28:2.
  66. BARBED, having points like sharp
    hooks, Job 41:7.
  67. BARBER, one who shaves or cuts hair,
    Ezek. 5:1.
  68. BARE, uncovered, Lev. 13:45: naked,
    Isa. 32:11: destitute, Jer. 49:10:
    real or merely, 1 Cor. 15:37.
  69. BAREFOOT, destitute of shoes on the
    feet, 2 Sam. 15:30.
  70. BAR-JESUS, [g] (son of Jesus), a
    Jewish false prophet, or magician, an
    apostate from the true religion, settled
    in the isle of Cyprus: his proper name
    in Arabic was Elymas, or the sorcerer,
    Acts 13:6-12.
  71. BAR-JONA, Βαριωνας (the son of Jona),
    the Syriac designation of
    Peter, as the
    son of Jonas, used by our Lord, probably
    to promote humility in the mind of the
    apostle, John 1:42; 21:15-17.
  72. BARK, to yelp as dogs: unpreaching
    careless ministers are denounced by the
    prophet as dumb dogs that cannot bark,
    Isa. 56:10.
  73. BARKED, destroyed, by injuring the
    bark of trees, Joel 1:7.
  74. BARLEY, a well-known species of
    grain, used for food in the earliest times,
    Exod. 9:31; Num. 5:15; 2 Chron. 2:10:
    and as food for cattle, 1 Kings 4:28.
  75. BARN, a storehouse for corn, 2 Kings
    6:27; Luke 12:18-24.
  76. BAR'NABAS, Βαρναβας (the son of pro-
    phecy
    , or of consolation), the name given by
    the apostles to Joses, a Levite
    converted
    to Christ, on account of his [...] style
    of preaching: as an evangelist he be-
    came eminently successful among the
    apostolic churches, Acts 4:36, 37; 11:
    22-24.
  77. BARREL, a round wooden domestic
    vessel used for keeping liquors, 1 Kings
    17:12; 18:33.
  78. BARREN, unproductive or fruitless, as
    land without corn or herbage, 2 Kings
    2:19: as a woman without children,
    Gen. 11:3; 25:21: as professed Chris-
    tians without divine knowledge and holy
    tempers, 2 Pet. 1:8.
  79. BARRENNESS, unfruitfulness in land,
    Psal. 107:34.
  80. BAR'SABAS, [g] (son of rest, called
    also Joseph the just), a distinguished Chris-
    tian, probably one of the seventy disci-
    ples of Christ, Acts 1:23; Luke 10:1, 17.
  81. BARTHOL'OMEW, Βαρθολομαιος (the son
    that suspends the waters
    , or the son of Thol-
    mai
    ) a name of Nathanael the apostle,
    Matt. 10:3; John 1:45; Acts 1:11; 2:7.
    See
    NATHANAEL.
  82. BARTIME'US, [g] (the son of
    Timeus
    , or of the honourable), a blind beggar
    of Jericho, whose sight was restored by
    Christ, Mark 10:46-52; Matt. 20:30.
  83. BA'RUCH, [h] (who is blessed), a noble
    Jew, and attached as a friend to Jere-
    miah
    , acting as his scribe or amanuensis,
    Jer. 32:12; 36.; 45.
  84. BARZIL'LAI, [h] (the son of iron), a
    wealthy Gileadite, who supplied food to
    David when driven from Jerusalem by
    his son Absalom, 2 Sam. 17:27; 19:32.
  85. BARZILLAI, a noble Simeonite of
    Meholah, 2 Sam. 21:8.
  86. BASE, a foundation for pillars in a
    building, 1 Kings 7:27.
  87. BASE, worthless, Job 30:8: mean,
    inelegant, 2 Cor. 10:1.
  88. BASER, notoriously shameful, Acts
    17:5.
  89. BA'SHAN, [h] (in the teeth, or in slumber-
    ing
    ), a rich country east of Jordan, famous
    for its pasturage, flocks, and cattle, its
    oaks, and sixty cities, Deut. 3:4-13; Ezek.
    39:18; Mic. 7:14.   Modern travellers
    describe the country as abounding with
    magnificent scenery, noble forests and
    fertile plains, resembling many of the
    richest parts of Europe.
  90. BASKET, a light vessel, as of twigs or
    rushes, for the carrying of food, Gen. 40:
    16, 17; Matt. 14:20: or fruits, Jer. 6:
    9; Acts 9:25.
  91. BASON, a small vessel for the holding
    of liquid, as for the washing of the hands,
    Exod. 12:22; John 13:5.
  92. BASTARD, a person born out of wed-
    lock, Deut. 23:2.
  93. BAT, a flying animal, resembling a
    mouse, and frequenting caves and de-
    serted buildings, Lev. 11:19; Isa. 2:20.
    Many species are common in Palestine.
  94. BATH, a Hebrew measure for liquids
    containing a firkin, or about seven gal-
    ons and two quarts, Ezek. 45:10, 14;
    2 Chron. 2:10; Ezr. 7:22.   Solomon's
    molten sea held 2000 baths, 1 Kings 7:
    26, and with the foot-brim 3000 baths, 2
    Chron. 4:5.
  95. BATHE, to cleanse, as by washing, Lev.
    15:5; 17:16.
  96. BATH'SHEBA [h] (the daughter of an
    oath
    ), the wife of Uriah the Hittite, and
    afterwards of king David, and the mother
    of Solomon, 2 Sam. 11.; 12.; 1 Kings 1.; 2:
    13, 35.   See URIAH.
  97. BATTERED, beaten down, as the wall
    of a city by soldiers, 2 Sam. 20:16.
  98. BATTERING-RAM, a ponderous instru-
    ment of war for beating down the walls
    of cities, Ezek. 4:2; 21:22.
  99. BATTLE, a general fight, Gen. 14:8;
    Deut. 2:24; 1 Cor. 14:8: war, 1 Sam.
    17:13: victory, Eccles. 9:11.
  100. BATTLEMENT, a wall round the top of
    a flat-roofed house common in the East,
    Deut. 22:8; Jer. 5:10.
  101. BAY, a brown colour, rather inclining
    to red, Zech. 6:3-7.
  102. BAY-TREE, an evergreen, believed to
    denote the laurel, Psal. 37:35.   Lau-
    rus nobilis.
  103. BDELLIUM, a precious stone of a
    whitish colour, by some supposed to be
    a kind of crystal or beryl, Gen. 2:12;
    Num. 11:1; some have thought it to
    have been a kind of gum, or pearl.
  104. BEACON, a signal placed on a moun-
    tain or hill, Isa. 30:17.
  105. BEAM, a large piece of timber for build-
    ing, Judg. 16:14; 2 Kings 6:25.
  106. BEAN, a large kind of pulse, of which
    there are many species, 2 Sam. 17:28;
    Ezek. 4:9.
  107. BEAR, a well-known fierce beast of
    prey, of which there are many species[,]
    1 Sam. 17:36; 2 Kings 2:24.   Our cut
    represents the Ursus Syriacus.
  108. BEAR, to sustain, Gen. 13:6: to carry,
    Exod. 28:12: to produce, Gen. 17:
    17: to endure, 4:13; Prov. 18:14: to
    declare, John 1:7, 8.
  109. BEARD, the hair that grows upon the
    chin, Lev. 14:9; 1 Sam. 17:35.   The
    beard was regarded with great venera-
    tion; and pulling or injuring it was
    deemed a grievous insult, 2 Sam. 10:45:
    or a token of deep distress, Jer. 41:5.
    "May God preserve thy blessed beard,"
    is now an expression of cordial friend-
    ship among the Arabians.
  110. BEARER, a carrier of burdens, 2 Chron.
    2:18.
  111. BEARING, carrying, Josh. 3:3: pro-
    ducing, as herbs or fruits, Gen. 1:29: or
    children, 16:2.
  112. BEAST, a brute animal devoid of rea-
    son, Gen. 1:24, 25.   Beast, in prophetic
    language, means a chief corrupter of
    religion, and a persecuting power, Rev.
    13:1, 11; 16:13.
  113. BEASTS (Gr. ζωα): CHM re-
    marks on Rev. 4:6: "It was no
    mistake in our translators, to
    render the word, beasts: it certainly
    signifies any other kind of animals, that
    is, creatures which have animal life, as
    well as beasts.   The word beast, does not
    degrade the signification, and the
    animals here mentioned are represented
    as in the highest sense rational."
      The
    word in Rev. 4. 5. 6., evidently means
    angelic beings of peculiar glory, pro-
    perly called, living creatures, Ezek. 1:6.
  114. BEAT, to strike or smite, Deut. 25:
    3; Acts 16:22: to bruise, or pound,
    Exod. 30:36: to conquer, 2 Kings 13:
    25: to demolish, Judg. 8:18: to forge
    with a hammer, Isa. 2:4; Joel 3:10.
  115. BEATEN, smitten or struck, as a
    punishment, Exod. 5:14; Acts 5:40; 2
    Cor. 11:25: defeated, Josh. 8:15;
    2 Sam. 2:17: forged, or made with a
    hammer, Exod. 25:18: broken, 2 Chron.
    34:7; Mic. 1:7.
  116. BEATING, striking or smiting, 1 Sam.
    14:16; Mark 12:5.
  117. BEAUTIFUL, fair, handsome, Gen.
    29:17; 1 Sam. 16:12: splendid, Ezek.
    16:12: grand, Acts 3:2.
  118. BEAUTIFY, to adorn as a building, Ezr.
    7:27; Isa. 60:13: to sanctify and com-
    fort, Psal. 149:4.
  119. BEAUTY, handsomeness, 2 Sam. 1:19:
    elegance, Exod. 28:2: grandeur,
    Lam. 1:6: spiritual graces, Psal. 90:17:
    divine joy, Isa. 61:3.   Solomon's temple,
    at Jerusalem, was the "beauty of Israel,"
    Lam. 2:1.   Babylon was called the
    "beauty of the Chaldees' excellency,"
    Isa. 13:19.   God is the "beauty of holi-
    ness,"
    2 Chron. 20:21.
  120. BECAUSE, for this reason, Gen. 3:14;
    John 6:26.
  121. BECKONED, made a sign, Luke 1:22;
    John 13:24; Acts 19:33.
  122. BECKONING, making a sign, Acts 12:
    17; 13:16.
  123. BECOME, to appear, Gen. 3:22: to be
    made
    , John 1:12: to result from, Exod.
    37:20: to be suitable, Psal. 93:5.
  124. BED, that on which a person sleeps at
    night, 1 Sam. 19:13: a couch for repose
    at noon, 2 Sam. 4:5: conjugal fidelity,
    Heb. 13:4: the grave, Isa. 57:21.
    Beds in the East were commonly only
    thick mats or mattresses, laid down on
    the floor at night, and easily removed,
    Exod. 8:3; Matt. 9:6; John 5:11,
    12.   In larger houses a kind of bench
    was fixed, about a foot high and three
    feet broad, covered with a cushion, used
    both for sitting and lying on; but at
    one end of the room it was more ele-
    vated for a bed, 2 Kings 1:4; Psal. 132:
    3.   Some used beds laid on moveable
    frames, as bedsteads, Amos 6:4; Mark
    4:21.   Our engraving represents several
    as found in Egyptian paintings.
  125. BED-CHAMBER, a lodging-room, Exod.
    8:3; 2 Kings 11:2.
  126. BEDSTEAD, the frame on which a bed
    is laid, Deut. 3:11.
  127. BEE, a well-known species of flying
    insect, whose industrious economy in
    preparing honey and wax, "nature's con-
    fectioner,"
    has excited the admiration of
    all nations, Judg. 14:8.   Bees abound-
    ing in Canaan, it was therefore called
    "a land flowing with milk and honey,"
    Exod. 2:8-17
  128. BEEL'ZEBUB, [g] (lord of flies,
    or of the dunghill), the name given in con-
    tempt by the Jews to the god of flies
    worshipped by the Ekronites, Matt. 12:
    24.   See BAALZEBUB.
  129. BE'ER, [h] (a well), a place between
    Jerusalem and Shechem, Judg. 9:21.
  130. BEER, a station of the Israelites in
    Moab, Num. 21:16; Isa. 15:8.
  131. BEER-LAHA'I-ROI, [h] (the well
    of the vision of life
    ), a place in the desert
    of Shur, so called by Hagar, after her
    vision of an angel, Gen. 16:14.
  132. BEE'ROTH, [h] (the wells, or illumina-
    tions
    ), a city of the Gibeonites allotted
    to the tribe of Benjamin, Josh. 9:17;
    2 Sam. 4:2.
  133. BEER'-SHEBA, [h] (the well of an
    oath
    , or the well of seven), a city on the
    south of Canaan, in Judah, and so deno-
    minated from Abraham making a cove-
    nant of friendship with king Abimelech,
    giving him seven lambs as a token, Gen.
    21:31-33; Judg. 20:1.
  134. BEETLE, a large black insect, sup-
    posed to be a species of locust in Lev.
    11:22; and the Scarabaeus worshipped
    by the Egyptians.
  135. BEEVES, cattle, as oxen, cows and
    calves, Lev. 22:19-21; Num. 31:
    28, 38.
  136. BEFAL, to happen, Gen. 42:4, 38;
    Acts 20:22.
  137. BEFORE, in the presence of, Gen. 43:
    14; Rev. 10:11: earlier, Gen. 24:45:
    formerly, Job 42:10: rather than, 2
    Sam. 6:21.
  138. BEFOREHAND, previously, Mark 13:
    11; 1 Pet. 1:11.
  139. BEFORETIME, formerly, Josh. 20:5;
    Acts 8:9.
  140. BEG, to supplicate alms, Psal. 109:10;
    Luke 16:3.
  141. BEGET, to generate, Gen. 17:20: to
    bring up, Ezek. 18:10-14.
  142. BEGGAR, a pauper, 1 Sam. 2:8: one
    living upon alms, Luke 16:20-22.
  143. BEGGARLY, useless, as the Levitical
    ceremonies were after the establishment
    of Christianity, Gal. 4:9.
  144. BEGGING, asking alms, Mark 10:46;
    Luke 18:35.
  145. BEGIN, to commence, or enter upon a
    work or proceeding, Josh. 3:7; 1 Pet. 4:
    17.
  146. BEGINNING, the first period, Gen. 1:1:
    the commencement, Exod. 12:2; Job
    42:12: the first evidence, Gen. 49:
    3: the author, Rev. 1:8; 3:14.
  147. BEGOTTEN, naturally generated, Judg.
    8:30: spiritually regenerated by the
    doctrine of the gospel
    , 1 Pet. 1:3; 1 Cor.
    4:15; Jam. 1:18.
  148. BEGUILE, to deceive, Gen. 3:13; Col.
    2:4, 18: to impose upon by a false state-
    ment, Josh. 9:22.
  149. BEHALF, favour, Exod. 27:21: for
    the sake, Phil. 1:29.
  150. BEHAVE, to act in the presence of
    others, Deut. 32:27; 1 Tim. 3:15.
  151. BEHAVIOUR, personal conduct, 1 Sam.
    21:13; 1 Tim. 3:2.
  152. BEHEAD, to cut off the head, 2 Sam.
    4:7; Mark 6:16, 27.
  153. BEHELD, did behold, or look upon,
    Num. 21:9; Luke 19:41.
  154. BE'HEMOTH, [h] (animals, or beasts,
    or the animal).   Calmet and some others
    suppose the behemoth of Job was the
    ele.; but commentators now gene-
    rally consider it the hippo. or
    river hor., found only in the Nile and

    other great rivers of Africa: it is nearly
    as large as an elephant; a male hippopo-
    tamus having been found seventeen feet
    long, fifteen feet in circumference, and
    seven feet in height, with jaws extend-
    ing upwards of two feet, and its skin so
    hard and thick as to resist the stroke of
    a sabre
    , Job 40:15.   Dr. Good thinks the
    behemoth of Job is extinct, as is evident
    of some other monstrous animals.   Our
    engraving represents the Hippopotamus
    Amphibius.

    • Behemoth.   Possibly some sort of dinosaur.
  155. BEHIND, backwards, Judg. 20:20;
    Neh. 9:26: after, 2 Sam. 3:16: left
    remaining, Exod. 10:26; Luke 2:23:
    inferior to, 1 Cor. 1:7; 2 Cor. 11:5: yet
    to come, Col. 1:24.
  156. BEHOLD, to look at, Gen. 31:6; 40:
    6; 2 Cor. 3:7: to consider, Lam 1:11.
  157. BEHOLD, a note of admiration, Isa. 7:
    14: a call to consideration, Gen. 28:
    15; John 1:29: an assurance of certainty,
    Rev. 22:7, 12.
  158. BEHOVED, became necessary or proper,
    Luke 24:46; Heb. 2:17.
  159. BEING, existence, or state of life, Psal.
    104:33; Acts 17:28.
  160. BEING, existing, Jer. 34:9: con-
    tinuing, 1 Kings 15:13.
  161. BEL, בל (ancient), the Chaldean idol
    deity Baal, Isa. 46:1; Jer. 50:2; 51:44.
    Bel or Belus denoted the first Baal, lord,
    or king of Babylon, supposed to be Nim-
    rod, or Belus, the father of Ninus.   See
    BAAL.
  162. BE'LA, a city, Gen. 14:8.   See ZOAR.
  163. BELCH, the profane speaking of the
    wicked, Psal. 59:7.
  164. BE'LIAL, [h] (wicked, rebellious, or
    worthless), a rebellious licentious person,
    Deut. 13:13; 1 Sam. 2:12; 1 Kings 21:
    10.   The Jews in the time of Christ
    applied this title especially to the devil,
    2 Cor. 6:15.
  165. BELIED, falsely pretended, Jer. 5:12.
  166. BELIEF, credit given to a declaration
    or promise: such is the required "belief
    of the truth"
    contained in the
    gospel,
    2 Thess. 2:13.   See FAITH.
  167. BELIEVE, to credit a report or record
    as
    true: thus sincere believers credit
    the gospel of Christ as the doctrine of
    their salvation
    , John 3:15, 18, 38; Rom.
    10:9, 10; 1 John 5:1, 10.   Wicked men,
    or even devils, may believe certain
    doctrines; but theirs is merely yielding
    an involuntary assent of the mind by
    the force of evidence, they believe not
    the gospel, Acts 8:12, 13; Jam. 2:19.
  168. BELIEVED, credited as true, Gen. 45:
    26; Exod. 4:31; John 2:11, 22: trusted,
    as pious men trust in the faithful care of
    God, Dan, 6:23.
  169. BELIEVER, one who cordially embraces
    the
    doctrines of Christ in the gospel, Acts
    5:14; 1 Tim. 1:12 [faithful].
    • Believers, 1 Tim. 4:12.
  170. BELL, a hollow metal instrument for
    giving sound, Exod. 28:33, 34.
  171. BELLOW, to make a noise, as bulls,
    Jer. 50:11.
  172. BELLOWS, an instrument to blow the
    fire, Jer. 6:29.
  173. BELLY, that part of the body which
    contains the bowels, Matt. 15:17: the
    bowels, Rev. 10:9, 10: the womb, Jer. 1:
    5: the animal appetites, Phil. 3:19: the
    intelligent believing mind, John 7:38:
    extreme danger of death, Jonah 2:2.
  174. BELONG, to be the property, as houses
    or land, Lev. 27:24: to be under the
    government, as a district, Luke 23:7:
    to be in the power, as the knowledge of
    future and secret things does to God,
    Gen. 40:8; Deut. 29:29.
  175. BELOVED, much approved and re-
    garded, Dan. 9:23; Acts 15:25.   Christ
    is especially beloved of God the Father,
    on account of His unspotted holiness and
    perfect obedience in the work of human
    redemption
    , Matt. 3:17; 17:5.   Christ
    is therefore called the Beloved
    , Eph. 1:6.
  176. BELSHAZ'ZAR, [h] (master of the
    treasure
    ), the profligate son of Evil-mero-
    dach, king of Babylon, and grandson of
    Nebuchadnezzar, 2 Kings 25:1, 27:
    his government was carried on chiefly
    by his mother, Nitocris; but he was the
    last Chaldean king of Babylon, being
    slain by the army of Cyrus in the night
    of the taking of the city by the Medes
    and Persians, Dan. 5:1, 10, 30.
  177. BELTESHAZ'ZAR, [h] (who lays up
    treasures in secret
    ), the new name given to
    Daniel in the court of Babylon, Dan 1:
    7; 4:8.
  178. BEMOAN, to lament or bewail, Job 42:
    11; Nah. 3:7.
  179. BENA'IAH, [h] (son of the Lord, or
    understanding of the Lord), the son of
    Jehoiada, captain of the royal guard of
    David: he was a man of extraordinary
    strength and courage, and became chief
    general to Solomon, 2 Sam. 23:20;
    1 Kings 1:32; 2:25, 35.
  180. BENAIAH, a famous prince of Judah,
    Ezek. 11:1, 13.
  181. BENCHES, seats, Ezek. 27:6.
  182. BENDING, bowing the head, stooping
    to do homage, Isa. 60:14.
  183. BENEATH, under, Exod. 20:4: at the
    lower part, 32:19: inferior, Deut.
    28:13: earthly, John 8:23.
  184. BENEFACTOR, he that confers a benefit
    on others, Luke 22:25.
  185. BENEFIT, a favour or present, Phil.
    14.   God grants unto us the benefits of
    life, health, and all our enjoyments in
    this world, and the blessings of eternal
    salvation, Psal. 103:2.
  186. BENEFIT, to confer a favour, or do a
    service, Jer. 18:10.
  187. BENEVOLENCE, kindnes, 1 Cor. 8:3.
  188. BEN'HADAD, [h] (son of Hadad), a
    king of Syria, who was hired by Asa,
    king of Judah, to break his bond of alli-
    ance with, and make war upon, Baasha,
    king of Israel, 1 Kings 15:18.   Some
    think this was Hadad the Edomite, who
    had rebelled against Solomon, or rather
    his son, 1 Kings 11:14-25.
  189. BENHADAD II., son and successor of
    the former, as king of Syria, famous for
    his unsuccessful war with Ahab, king of
    Israel, 1 Kings 20; 2 Kings 6; 8:1, 15.
  190. BENHADAD, the son of Hazael, and
    successor of his father on the throne of
    Israel, 2 Kings 10:32, 33; 13:3, 25.
  191. BEN'JAMIN, [h] (son of the right hand),
    the youngest son of Jacob and Rachel:
    his mother called him Benoni, and died
    in giving him birth: but he became the
    founder of one of the tribes of Israel,
    Gen. 35:16-18; 44:22; 46:21.
  192. BENJAMIN (the tribe of): this formed an
    important body in Israel, but it was
    once nearly destroyed by the rashness of
    the other tribes, when 25,000 were slain,
    Judg. 20; 21.
  193. BEN'JAMITE, a person of the tribe of
    Benjamin, as Saul, the first king of Israel,
    1 Sam. 9:21; Est. 2:5.
  194. BENO'NI, [h] (son of my sorrow).   See
    BENJAMIN.
  195. BENT, made crooked, as a bow, Isa. 5:
    28.
  196. BENT, strongly inclined, Hos. 11:7;
    Zech. 9:12.
  197. BERE'A, Βεροιη (heavy), a city of Mace-
    donia, where the people received the
    gospel most readily from
    Paul, Acts
    17:9-13.   It is now an important city,
    containing about 20,000 inhabitants,
    Greeks and Turks, and called Veria.
  198. BEREAVE, to deprive, as of children,
    Jer. 15:7.
  199. BEREAVED, deprived, as a parent of
    his children, Gen. 42:36: as a country
    of its people, Ezek. 36:13: as a beast
    of its young, Hos. 13:8.
  200. BERNICE, [g] (one bringing victory),
    the daughter of Agrippa the Great: she
    was first betrothed to Mark, son of Alex-
    ander, chief of the Jews of Alexandria,
    but married to her uncle Herod, king of
    Chalcis, after whose death she married
    Polemon, king of Pontus, whom she aban-
    doned for an incestuous [relationship] with
    her brother Agrippa, Acts 25:13-23.
  201. BERO'DACH, [h] (who creates contrition,
    or the son of death), the son of Baladan,
    king of Babylon: he lived in friendship
    with Hezekiah, king of Judah, 2 Kings
    20:12: he is called MERODACH in Isa.
    38:1.
  202. BERRIES, small fruits with seeds, Isa.
    17:6; Jam. 3:12.
  203. BERYL, a precious stone, supposed to
    be a rich topaz; but some regard it as
    of a bluish-green colour, very brilliant,
    and now called Aqua-Marina, Dan. 10:6;
    Rev. 21:20.
  204. BESEECH, to entreat earnestly, Exod.
    33:18; Jonah 1:14.
  205. BESET, to surround, Judg. 19:22: to
    embarrass, Hos. 7:2; Heb. 12:1.
  206. BESIDE, near to, 1 Sam. 19:3; Psal.
    23:2; Isa. 32:20: mentally de-
    ranged, Acts 26:24.
  207. BESIDES, over and above, Gen. 19:12;
    26:1.
  208. BESIEGE, to beset with armed forces,
    Deut. 28:52.
  209. BESIEGED, surrounded as a city with
    warriors or an army in battle array,
    Eccles. 9:14; Isa. 1:8.
  210. BESOM, an instrument to sweep the
    ground, Isa. 14:23.
  211. BE'SOR, [h] (joyful or beautiful), a small
    stream on the south-west border of
    Canaan, 1 Sam. 30:9.   See SIHOR.
  212. BESOUGHT, entreated, Gen. 42:21;
    Acts 16:15, 39.
  213. BEST, most valuable, Exod. 20:5;
    1 Cor. 10:11, 31.
  214. BESTEAD, not benefited, perplexed,
    Isa. 8:21.
  215. BESTIR, to put into vigorous action,
    2 Sam. 5:24.
  216. BESTOW, to give as a favour, Exod.
    32:29: to expend, 2 Chron. 24:7:
    to lay up, Luke 12:17, 18.
  217. BESTOWED, granted as a favour,
    1 Chron. 29:2; Isa. 63:7; 1 John
    3:1.
  218. BETHAB'ARA, [g] (the house of
    passage
    ), a well-known ford of the river
    Jordan, John 1:28, supposed to be the
    same as Bethbarah, Judg. 7:24.
  219. BETH'ANY, Βηθανια (the house of song or
    of affliction), a noted village at the foot of
    mount Olivet, nearly two miles from
    Jerusalem, Luke 24:50; John 11:1, 18.
  220. BETHA'VEN, [h] (the house of vanity
    or of grief), a city near to Bethel, Josh.
    7:2.
  221. BETH'EL, [h] (the house of God), a
    place so named by Jacob, though for-
    merly called Luz, Gen. 12:8; 28:19:
    it became a city of great note, the capital
    of one of the kings of Canaan, Judg. 1:
    22-26: it was distinguished for religion,
    1 Sam. 7:16; 10:3, and for idolatry, 1
    Kings 12:29.   "Come to Bethel," invited
    to idol worship, Amos 4:4.   Bethel was
    twelve miles north of Jerusalem.
  222. BETH'ELITE, a native of Bethel,
    1 Kings 16:34.
  223. BE'THER, [h] (division), a place or
    town supposed to be near Jerusalem,
    Song 2:17.
  224. BETHES'DA, [g] (the house of mercy),
    a pool with a public bath, north of the
    temple at Jerusalem, and celebrated for
    miraculous healing at the time of our
    Saviour, John 5:2.   Our engraving re-
    presents the remains of the pool of Bethesda.
  225. BETHINK, to recal to remembrance,
    1 Kings 5:47.
  226. BETH'LEHEM, [h] (the house of
    bread
    ), a city of Judah, situated on an
    eminence overlooking Tekoah at the
    distance of nine miles south, and about
    six miles south-west of Jerusalem.   It
    was also called Ephrath, Gen. 35:
    16-19, and Ephratah, Ruth 4:11.   Though
    a city of no great note, it was celebrated
    as the birth-place of
    David, 1 Sam. 16:
    1; and it became famous as the birth-
    place of the Messiah
    , Mic. 5:2; Matt. 2:
    5-8.   The village of Bethlehem, in 1784,
    was supposed to contain six hundred
    men capable of bearing arms; but war
    and tyrannical government have reduced
    it to a miserable condition.   Mr. Whiting
    an American my., visited it in
    1834, when it had just suffered severely
    from oppressive despotism; and he
    passed over the ruins of houses and
    fields that had just then been demolished
    and parks of olive and fig-trees which
    had been cut down by order of the
    Pasha, for alleged rebellion and flight.
    It is now called Beet-la-hm, and con-
    tains about 1000 professing Christians.

    Our engraving represents the present
    city, and the large building in the centre
    indicates the convent, erected over what
    tradition affirms to have been the cave
    of the nativity.

  227. BETH'PHAGE, [g] (the house of the
    valley
    , or of fire, or of figs), a village near
    to Jerusalem, on the side of mount Olivet,
    Matt. 21:1.
  228. BETHSA'IDA, [g] (the house of
    hunters
    , or of fishers), the native city of
    Peter, in Galilee, on the lake of Tibe-
    rias, John 1:45; Mark 6:45.   It is now
    called BATSIDA.
  229. BETH'SHAN, [h] (the house of the
    tooth
    , or the dwelling of sheep), a city near
    Jordan, supposed to be Bethshean, Judg.
    1:27; 1 Sam. 31:10.
  230. BETH'SHEMESH, [h] (the house of
    the sun
    ), a famous city of Judah allotted
    under Joshua to the Levites, Josh. 21:
    16; 1 Sam. 6:19.
  231. BETHSHEMESH, a city of Egypt noted
    for idolatry, Jer. 43:13.
  232. BETHU'EL, [h] (the filiation of God),
    a nephew of Abraham, and father of
    Rebekah, Gen. 24:15, 24.
  233. BETIMES, early, Gen. 26:31: fre-
    quently or continually, 2 Chron. 36:
    15: seasonably, Prov. 13:24: sincerely,
    Job 8:5.
  234. BETRAY, to give into the power of
    enemies, Matt. 24:10; John 6:64.
  235. BETRAYER, he that betrays, a traitor,
    Acts 7:52.
  236. BETROTH, to contract to any one, as
    for a wife, Deut. 20:7; 28:30: to
    engage, as God promises to betroth His
    church to Himself for eternal salvation,
    Hos. 2:19, 20, 23 [people].
  237. BETTER, more excellent, 2 Kings 5:
    12; Rom. 3:9: more honourable, 1 Kings
    1:47; Heb. 1:4: more profitable, Prov.
    8:11; Num. 14:3: more comfortable,
    Prov. 15:16, 17: more blissful, Phil. 1:
    23.
  238. BETTERED, made better, improved,
    Mark 5:26.
  239. BETWEEN, from one to another, as of
    persons, Exod. 8:23; 1 Tim. 2:5: as
    of things, Gen. 15:17.
  240. BETWIXT, the same as between, Job
    36:32; Phil. 1:23.
  241. BEU'LAH, [h] (married), a prophetic
    name given to the church to indicate
    the special kindness of God, Isa. 62:4.
  242. BEWAIL, to lament or bemoan, Lev. 10:
    6; Judg. 11:37.
  243. BEWARE, to regard with care, Gen.
    24:6; Isa. 36:18: to be watchful,
    Matt. 7:15.
  244. BEWITCHED, deceived by tricks or
    wiles, Acts 8:9; Gal. 3:1.
  245. BEWRAY, to make known or discover,
    Isa. 16:3; Matt. 26:73.
  246. BEYOND, on the other side, Deut. 30:
    13: further than, Num. 22:18; Gal. 1:13.
  247. BEZALE'EL, [h] (in the shadow of
    God
    ), an artificer divinely inspired, with
    his colleague Aholiab, to perform the
    various work required for the tabernacle
    and its furniture in the worship of God,
    Exod. 31:1, 2.   See AHOLIAB.
  248. BE'ZEK, [h] (lightning), a city of Judah,
    originally the capital of Adonibezek,
    Judg. 1:4-7.
  249. BE'ZER, [h] (fortification, vintage, or dis-
    tress
    ), a city of Reuben east of Jordan in
    Arabia Deserta, Deut. 4:43; Josh. 21:
    36: it is supposed to have been Bozrah
    in Idumea, Isa. 63:1.
  250. BIBBER, an excessive drinker, Prov.
    23:20; Matt. 11:19.
  251. BIBLE, Βιβλος (the book), the expressive
    title commonly given to the volume of
    Holy
    Scripture.   See the INTRODUCTION
    to this work.
    • Bible, the Holy.   66 (39 O.T. & 27 N.T.) inspired books of
      the Hebrew MT & the Greek TR.
      The English King James Bible is God's preserved Word too.
      See Bibliology.
  252. BID, to command, Josh. 6:10: to
    invite, Matt. 22:9.
  253. BIDDEN, commanded, Matt. 1:24:
    invited, Luke 7:9.
  254. BIDE, to continue or remain as in a
    state, Rom. 11:23.
  255. BIER, a carriage for the dead, 2 Sam.
    3:31; Luke 7:14.
  256. BIG'THAN, [h] (a garden), a chamber-
    lain of king Ahasuerus, Est. 2:21: called
    Bigthana, 6:2.
  257. BIL'DAD, [h] (a son of strife), one of
    Job's friends, thought by some to be a
    son of Shuah, a son of Abraham, Gen.
    25:21.
  258. BIL'HAH, [h] (who is old, or troubled),
    one of the subordinate wives of Jacob,
    and mother of Dan and Naphtali, Gen.
    29:29; 30:4-8.
  259. BILL, a legal written document, Deut.
    24:1; Mark 10:4: a written account of
    goods purchased, Luke 16:6.
  260. BILLOWS, swelling waves, Jonah 2:3:
    heavy afflictions, Psal. 42:7.
  261. BIND, to tie up or fasten, Exod. 28:
    28: to engage by vow or promise, Num.
    30:2: to determine or settle by the
    inspiration of God, Matt. 16:19; 18:
    18: to restrain, Job 38:31: to heal,
    Isa. 61:1.
  262. BINDING, tying or fastening, Gen.
    37:7; Acts 22:4: obliging as by
    oath, Num. 30:13.
  263. BIRD, a general name to fowl, Gen.
    7:14; Jam. 3:7.   See FOWL.
  264. BIR'SHA, [h] (in evil), the king of
    Gomorrah, subject to king Chedorlaomer,
    Gen. 14:2-8.
  265. BIRTH, the act of being born into the
    world, Matt. 1:18; Luke 1:14: the act
    of
    conversion of the heart to God, Gal.
    4:19.
    • Birth, the New.   You "must be born again."--Jesus says in John 3:3, 7.
      When was your spiritual birthday?   See Tract.
  266. BIRTH-DAY, the anniversary day of
    one's birth, Gen. 40:20; Matt. 14:6.
  267. BIRTHRIGHT, the privilege of the first-
    born son; among the Israelites it con-
    sisted of special consecration to God,
    Exod. 22:29; a double portion of the
    paternal estate, Deut. 21:17; and the
    paternal blessing, Gen. 25:33; 1 Chron.
    5:1.   The office of priesthood in the
    family was a patriarchal birthright of
    the firstborn; but Esau despised this
    privilege, together with the honour of
    the ancestry of the Messiah, Heb. 12:
    16, 17.   Polygamy prevailing, the right
    was required to be fixed among the
    Israelites, Deut. 21:15-17.
  268. BISHOP, an overseer, the official title
    of the pastor of a Christian
    congregation,
    Phil. 1:1; 1 Tim. 3:1-7; Tit. 1:5-9: he
    was chosen by the people, as a man of
    piety, gifts, and gravity, generally an
    elderly person, and therefore called elder.
    See ELDER.
  269. BISHOP OF SOULS, a title applied to our
    blessed Saviour, as the shepherd or pastor

    of the [local] congregation of Chris-
    tians, 1 Pet. 2:25; Heb. 13:20.
  270. BISHOPRICK, the office or apostleship
    attributed to Judas the traitor, Acts [1]:
    20: it properly signifies overseership or
    office, as in the margin, and as the Hebrew
    word rendered, Psal. 109:8.
  271. BIT, the iron of a horse's bridle, Psal.
    32:19; Jam. 3:3.
  272. BIT, did bite, Num. 21:6.
  273. BITE, to crush or pierce with the teeth,
    Eccles. 10:8; Amos 9:3.
  274. BITHYN'IA, [g] (violent precipitation),
    a province of Asia Minor, stretching
    along the Euxine or Black sea.   Many
    Christians were found here for several
    centuries, 1 Pet. 1:1.
  275. BITTEN, wounded with the teeth,
    Num. 21:8, 9.
  276. BITTER, having a hot acrid taste,
    Exod. 12:8; 15:23: calamitous, Jer. 2:
    19; 4:18: severe, Col. 3:19: piercing,
    Gen. 27:34; Est. 4:1.
  277. BITTERLY, severely, Judg. 5:23: sor-
    rowfully, Ezek. 27:30; Matt. 26:75.
  278. BITTERN, a large fowl of the heron
    kind, Isa. 14:23.
  279. BITTERNESS, deep sorrow, 1 Sam. 1:
    10: the means of extreme sorrow, as the
    sword of war, 2 Sam. 2:26, or a wicked
    son, Prov. 17:25: great depravity,
    Acts 8:23.
  280. BLACK, very dark, 1 Kings 18:45:
    cloudly, Jer. 4:28.
  281. BLACKISH, dark, Job 6:16.
  282. BLACKNESS, cloudiness, Isa. 50:3: terror,
    Joel 2:6: future torment, Jude 13.
  283. BLADE, the broad point of an iron
    weapon, Judg. 3:22: the green shoots
    of growing corn, Matt. 13:26: the broad
    bone of the shoulder, Job 31:22.
  284. BLAINS, blisters or sore pustules, Exod.
    9:9.
  285. BLAME, fault, Eph. 1:4: imputation of
    fault, Gen. 43:9.
  286. BLAME, to censure or charge with
    fault, 2 Cor. 8:20.
  287. BLAMED, censured, 2 Cor. 6:3; Gal.
    2:11.
  288. BLAMELESS, without fault, Matt. 12:
    5; 1 Tim. 3:2: exemplary, Luke 1:6
    sanctified and accepted, 1 Cor. 1:8.
  289. BLASPHEME, to speak evil of, revile,
    or ridicule, sacred things, especially the
    names, perfections, ordinances, word, or
    works of God, 1 Kings 21:10; 1 Tim. 1:
    6; Tit. 2:5.
  290. BLASPHEMED, did blaspheme, Lev.
    24:11; 2 Kings 19.
  291. BLASPHEMED, reviled or scorned,
    Rom. 2:24; 1 Tim. 6:2.
  292. BLASPHEMER, a wicked person that
    speaks daringly against God or sacred
    things, 1 Tim. 1:13; Acts 19:37.
  293. BLASPHEMING, opposing with impious
    words, Acts 13:45.
  294. BLASPHEMOUS, impious reviling, Acts
    6:11-13.
  295. BLASPHEMOUSLY, profanely or impi-
    ously, Luke 22:65.
  296. BLASPHEMY, profane words impiously
    spoken against God or sacred things,
    2 Kings 19:3; Rev. 13:1, 5, 6.   Pro-
    fane swearing is of the nature of blas-
    phemy, and highly offensive to God.
  297. BLASPHEMY against the Holy Ghost, a
    malicious rejection of Christ, ascribing
    His miracles to a diabolical influence,
    Matt. 12:31.   Persons now, it is believed
    by many, may be guilty of this unpar-
    donable crime in the malicious rejection
    of the gospel, despising the provisions of
    the new covenant for pardon and salva-
    tion by Jesus Christ
    , Heb. 10:26, 29.
  298. BLAST, a storm of wind with destruc-
    tive rain or frost, 2 Kings 19:7: the
    expressed anger of God, Exod. 15:8:
    furious temptations of wicked men or
    evil spirits, Isa. 25:4: the blowing in
    horns for alarm, John 6:5.
  299. BLASTED, destroyed by storm or per-
    nicious wind, Gen. 41:6.
  300. BLASTING, destruction by storm, Deut.
    28:22.   See MILDEW.
  301. BLAS'TUS, [g] (one that sprouts or
    brings forth), the chamberlain of Herod
    Agrippa, whose interest was secured by
    the Tyrians and Sidonians, Acts 12:20.
  302. BLEATING, crying as sheep, Judg. 5:
    16.
  303. BLEMISH, bodily defect, Exod. 12:5:
    personal injury or deformity, Lev. 24:
    19, 20: fault or crime, 1 Pet. 1:19.
    Blemishes denote immoralities in social
    life, 2 Pet .2:13.
  304. BLESS, to endue with excellent and
    useful qualities, as God blessed man and
    all living beings on the day of their
    creation, Gen. 1:22-28: to endow with
    spiritual benefits, as God blesses His
    people with the saving gifts and graces
    of the new covenant in Jesus Christ
    ,
    Eph. 1:3: to afford tokens of favour, as
    God blesses his worshippers, Gen. 32:
    26: to grant favours, as God blessed
    Abraham with protection, plenty, and
    eternal salvation, Gen. 22:17: to favour
    with the means of salvation
    , Acts 3:26:
    to grant special favours, as children,
    Gen. 17:16: to give plenty and peace,
    Deut. 15:4, 18.
  305. BLESS, to glorify and praise God for
    His mercies, Deut. 8:10; Psal. 103:1-
    20, 22: to pray for mercies upon any
    one, Gen. 48:9; Exod. 12:32; or for
    a family, 2 Sam. 6:20: to express wishes
    for happiness, Matt. 5:44; Rom. 14:14.
  306. BLESSED, infinitely possessed of all
    perfections, glory, and joy, as God
    , Rom.
    1:25; 1 Tim. 1:11: endowed with good
    natural qualities, as all the creatures
    were at the first blessed by their Creator,
    Gen. 1:22: enriched with spiritual bless-
    ings, as the people of God are blessed
    in Christ, Eph. 1:3: interested in the
    mercy and grace of God, Psal. 32:1:
    highly privileged, Deut. 2:7; Num. 22:
    12: made happy in heaven, Rev. 14:13.
  307. BLESSED, declared glorious and gra-
    cious, as Daniel and Ezra blessed God,
    Dan. 2:19; Neh. 8:8: made prosper-
    ous, Gen. 9:1; 25:11: pronounced
    happy with prayer for divine mercies,
    Gen. 14:19; Lev. 9:22, 23.
  308. BLESSEDNESS, happiness, Gal. 4:15:
    a state of spiritual privilege and enjoy-
    ment, Rom. 4:6-9.
  309. BLESSING, a divine favour, Psal. 3:8;
    Rom. 15:29: a benefit, Gen. 12:2; Neh.
    9:10: the ascription of divine excel-
    lency and sufficiency, Rev. 5:12-19.
  310. BLEW, did blow, as the wind, Matt. 7:
    25: did sound, as with a trumpet, Josh.
    6:8.
  311. BLIND, destitute of natural sight, John
    9:1: ignorant through wicked preju-
    dices, as ungodly men, Matt. 15:14, or
    through want of instruction, as the un-
    educated, Rom. 2:19.
  312. BLIND, to pervert the judgment, as
    wicked judges are corrupted by bribes,
    Deut. 16:19; 1 Sam. 12:3, or as wicked
    men are blinded in heart by their de-
    praved passions
    , 2 Cor. 3:14; 1 John 2:
    11.   God giving up wicked men to their
    own hearts' lusts, is said to blind their
    eyes
    , John 12:40.
  313. BLINDFOLDED, having the eyes covered
    with a bandage, Luke 22:64.
  314. BLINDNESS, want of sight, Gen. 19:
    11; 2 Kings 6:18: alienation of heart
    from the truth of God, as wicked men
    ,
    Rom. 11:25; Eph. 4:18.
  315. BLOCK, a heavy piece of timber or
    stone, Lev. 19:14.   A thing causing
    offence or hindrance in duty is called a
    stumbling-block, 1 Cor. 1:23; Rev. 2:14.
  316. BLOOD, the red fluid of life in the
    bodies of animals, Gen. 37:31;
    1 Kings 18:28: guilt of taking away
    life, 2 Sam. 1:16; Matt. 27:24, 25:
    human nature, Eph. 6:12: human wis-
    dom, Matt. 16:17.   To wash the feet in
    blood, is to gain a bloody victory, Psal.
    58:10: to build a town with blood, is
    by the death of the oppressed labourers,
    as slaves, Hab. 2:12: the moon being
    turned into blood, denotes terrific red-
    ness, Joel 2:31.
  317. BLOOD of Christ: this phrase denotes
    the virtue or efficacy of the
    death of
    Christ as an atonement for sin
    , Eph. 2:
    13; Heb. 9:14; or the symbol of His
    blood in the supper, Matt. 26:28.
    • Blood of Christ.   See Tract.
  318. BLOOD of the covenant, the blood of the
    sacrifice offered under the law, Exod.
    24:8; Zech. 9:11: the death of Christ
    as the true sacrifice for sin
    , Heb. 10:26;
    13:29.
  319. BLOODY, stained with blood, Acts
    28:8: cruel or murderous, 2 Sam.
    21:1; Psal. 5:6.
  320. BLOOMED, yielded blossoms, Num.
    17:8.
  321. BLOSSOM, a flower of a tree, Gen. 40:
    10: national hopes, as the youth, Isa. 5:
    24.
  322. BLOSSOM, to put forth flowers, Hab.
    3:17; Num. 17:5.
  323. BLOT, a mark of disgrace, Job 31:7;
    Prov. 9:7.
  324. BLOT OUT, to obliterate, as a written
    name, Rev. 3:5; or of a record, Psal.
    51:1, 9.
  325. BLOTTED, obliterated, as names or
    written records, Col. 2:14: thus God
    promises to
    pardon the sins of His people,
    Isa. 44:22.
  326. BLOW, a stroke or calamity, Psal.
    39:10; Jer. 14:17.
  327. BLOW, to breathe as in a trumpet,
    Num. 10:5-9: to move in a current, as
    the wind, Exod. 15:10: to inflate with
    wind, as bellows, Isa. 54:16.
  328. BLUE, the sky-colour, or a kind of
    azure-coloured cloth, Exod. 25:4.
  329. BLUENESS, the quality of being blue
    in colour, Prov. 20:20.
  330. BLUNT, dull in the edge, not sharp,
    Eccles. 10:10.
  331. BLUSH, to indicate shame by a red
    colour in the cheek, Ezra 9:6.

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