Bible Dictionary: En. 1840
- ENABLED, made able or endowed,
1 Tim. 1:12.
- ENCAMP, to fix tents for lodging, as
an army, Exod. 14:2; 2 Sam. 12:28.
- ENCAMPED, did encamp, Exod. 18:
5; 1 Sam. 11:1.
- ENCAMPED, lodged in tents, as an
army of soldiers, 2 Sam. 11:11.
- ENCAMPING, lodging as in a camp,
- ENCHANTER, an impostor in religion,
who by pretended miracles deludes igno-
rant people, especially superstitious idola-
tors, Deut. 18:10; Jer. 27:9.
- Enchanter. See Charismatic Movement.
- ENCHANTMENTS, delusions, pretended
miracles, Exod. 7:11, 22; 8:7, 18.
- ENCOUNTERED, did encounter, or meet
as an opponent, Acts 17:18.
- ENCOURAGE, to incite or embolden,
Deut. 1:38; 2 Sam. 11:25.
- ENCOURAGED, did encourage or ani-
mate, Isa. 41:7: did console, 1 Sam.
- END, the extreme part, as of the
mercy-seat, Exod. 25:19; or of a rod,
Judg. 6:21: the termination, Gen. 6:
13: the design or purpose, John 18:
37: the result, Matt. 27:56.
- ENDAMAGE, to injure, Ezra 4:13.
- ENDANGER, to put to extreme hazard,
- ENDANGERED, put in danger or hazard,
- ENDEAVOUR, to labour, 2 Pet. 1:15.
- ENDEAVOURED, did labour or strive,
- ENDEAVOURING, labouring, Eph. 4:3.
- ENDEAVOURS, attempts or labours,
- ENDED, terminated, Gen. 2:2: closed,
- ENDING, a title of Christ, indicating
His eternity, Rev. 1:8.
- ENDLESS, without end, 1 Tim. 1:4:
eternal, Heb. 7:16.
- EN'DOR, [h] (fountain of generation),
a city near mount Tabor, famous as the
residence of the witch who was consulted
by king Saul, 1 Sam. 28:7.
- ENDOW, to enrich with a portion,
- ENDUED, furnished with gifts or valu-
able qualifications, 2 Chron. 2:12, 13;
- ENDURE, to bear, as on a journey,
Gen. 33:13: to sustain labour, Exod.
18:23; or suffering, Heb. 12:7: to con-
tinue in faithful obedience, Matt. 10:22.
- ENDURED, did endure or bear, Rev.
9:22; Heb. 6:15.
- ENDURING, bearing or sustaining,
2 Cor. 1:6: remaining or continuing,
- ENE'AS, [g] (laudable), a man at
Lydda, who had been afflicted with palsy
eight years, but who was miraculously
healed by Peter in the name of Christ,
- EN-EGLA'IM, [h] (the fountain of
the calves), a town at the north end of the
Dead sea, near En-gedi, Ezek. 47:10.
- ENEMY, one who hates and seeks to
hurt or kill, Exod. 15:6. Satan is the
enemy of God and man, Matt. 13:25,
39. Wicked men are enemies of God
and holiness, Acts 13:10; Jam. 4:4.
God appears the enemy of wicked men
by his afflictive dispensations, 1 Sam.
28:16. Death is represented as an
enemy to the saints; but it will be de-
stroyed, 1 Cor. 15:26.
- ENGAGED, did engage, bind, or devote,
- EN'-GEDI, [h] (the fountain of the goat),
a city not far from En-eglaim, called also
Hazazon-tamar, Ezek. 47:10.
- ENGINES, instruments of war, 2 Chron.
26:15; Ezek. 26:9.
- English Bible. See King James Bibles.
- ENGRAFTED, implanted or deeply
rooted, as the divine doctrine in the
renewed mind, Jam. 1:21.
- ENGRAVE, to cut letters or figures on
stone or metals, Exod. 28:11.
- ENGRAVEN, cut or carved on stone,
2 Cor. 3:7.
- ENGRAVER, one who engraves, a
sculptor, Exod. 28:11; 35:34, 35.
- ENGRAVINGS, words or figures en-
graved on stone or metal, Exod. 28:
11, 21, 36. The art of engraving was
practised at a very early period; and
the perfection of it was given by divine
inspiration, 31:1-6; 35:35. The
art of engraving diamonds, which seems
to have been possessed by the workmen
who made the tabernacle, is now un-
- EN-HAKKORE, [h] (the well of him
that cried), a well or spring miraculously
formed for Samson, Judg. 15:19.
- ENJOIN, to direct or require, Phil. 8.
- ENJOINED, ordered or commanded,
Est. 9:31; Heb. 9:20.
- ENJOY, to possess with delight, Num.
36:8; 1 Tim. 6:17: to feel with
pleasure, Eccles. 2:1; Heb. 11:25.
- ENJOYED, did possess in rest, 2 Chron.
- ENLARGE, to extend, Deut. 12:20: to
increase, Gen. 9:27; Job 12:23: to ex-
pand, as of the heart, Psal. 119:23.
- ENLARGED, increased in size, Isa. 5:
14: released or consoled, Psal. 4:1:
expanded, as with delight, 2 Cor. 6:11.
- ENLARGEMENT, relief or deliverance,
- ENLARGING, an extension, Ezek. 41:7.
- ENLIGHTEN, to illuminate or allevi-
ate, Psal. 18:28.
- ENLIGHTENED, did illuminate, Psal.
- ENLIGHTENED, illuminated, Job
33:30; especially as the minds of
Christians by the teaching of the Holy
Spirit, Eph. 1:18; Heb 6:4.
- ENLIGHTENING, illuminating, Psal.
- ENMITY, bitter hatred, Gen. 3:15:
the occasion of hatred, as the Levitical
ceremonial was to the Gentiles against
the Jews, Eph. :15, 16. The mind of
man, uninfluenced by the power of heart-
felt religion, is in a state of enmity against
God, Rom. 8:7.
- E'NOCH, [h] (dedicated), a son of Cain,
who built a city which was called by his
name, Gen. 4:17, 18.
- ENOCH, an antediluvian patriarch and
prophet, eminent for the holiness of his
life, and the faithfulness of his ministry:
his controversy with the ungodly infidels
of his day was terminated by his being
translated to heaven without dying; an
honour with which no one else has ever
been distinguished except the prophet
Elijah, Gen. 5:22-24; Heb. 11:5; Jude 14.
- E'NON, Αίνων (cloud), a place of many
rivulets or streams near the river Jordan,
- E'NOS, [h] (mortal man), a son of Seth,
about the time of whose birth the power
of religion became publicly remarkable,
- ENOUGH, sufficient as in quantity, Gen.
24:25; or in degree, Exod. 9:28; or
in time, Deut. 1:6; or in honour, Matt.
- ENQUIRE, to ask, Gen. 24:57: to
search or investigate, Deut. 18:9; Job
10:6: to consult God by his oracle, Exod.
18:15: to pray, Psal. 27:4.
- ENQUIRED, did enquire, Judg. 20:27;
1 Sam. 28:6: did consult with, Dan.
1:20: did study, 1 Pet. 1:10.
- ENQUIRY, investigation, Prov. 20:25:
a search by question, Acts 10:17.
- ENRICH, to make wealthy, 1 Sam. 17:
25; Ezek. 27:33.
- ENRICHED, made affluent with tem-
poral or spiritual endowments, 2 Cor. 9:
11; 1 Cor. 1:5.
- EN-RO'GEL, [h] (the fuller's fountain),
a well or pool at the foot of mount Zion,
in Jerusalem, Josh. 15:7; 2 Sam. 17:
17; 1 Kings 1:9.
- ENSAMPLE, an example, a pattern,
Phil. 3:17; 1 Thess. 1:7; 1 Cor. 10:11.
- ENSIGN, a signal to attract attention,
as the standard of an army, Isa. 18:3.
Christ is the ensign to attract all nations,
Isa. 5:26; 11:10.
- ENSNARED, deluded, deceived, Job
- ENSUE, to follow or practise diligently,
1 Pet. 3:11.
- ENTANGLE, to perplex or confuse,
Matt. 22:15; 2 Tim. 2:4.
- ENTANGLED, hedged around, as with
mountains, Exod. 14:3: perplexed with
ceremonial superstitions, Gal. 5:1.
- ENTER, to go within, Exod. 40:35.
To "enter in at the strait gate[,]" and
"into the kingdom of God[,]" is to believe
the gospel for salvation, and so to become
repentant, believing, and the sincere
disciples and servants of Christ, Matt.
7:13; John 3:5.
- ENTERED, did enter or go within,
Gen. 7:13; Luke 1:40: did engage with,
- ENTERED, gone within, Jer.37:
- ENTERING, the entrance, the place of
entering, as into a city, Josh. 8:29; or
of a house, Isa. 23:1; or of an apart-
ment, 1 Kings 8:31.
- ENTERING, approaching to the inner
part, as of a house, Acts 8:3; or to
a privileged state, Heb. 9:1.
- ENTERPRISE, a hazardous undertaking,
- ENTERTAIN, to receive hospitably,
- ENTERTAINED, received hospitably,
- ENTICE, craftily to persuade to what
is dangerous or wicked, Deut. 13:6;
Judg. 14:15; 2 Chron. 18:19, 20.
- ENTICED, persuaded or deluded, Job
31:27; Jam. 1:14.
- ENTICING, fascinating or alluring, 1
Cor. 2:4; Col. 2:4.
- ENTIRE, complete, Jam. 1:4.
- ENTRANCE, the place of entering, as
into a city, Judg. 1:24: the act of enter-
ing, as the apostles among a people,
1 Thess. 2:1; or as the saints into Hea-
ven, 2 Pet. 1:11.
- ENTREAT, to supplicate, Gen. 23:8:
to pray, Exod. 8:8, 9: to behave to,
- ENTREATED, did pray, Exod. 13:30:
did entertain, Gen. 12:16: did behave
to, Acts 27:3.
- ENTRIES, doors or passages, as to
chambers, Ezek. 40:38.
- ENTRY, a door or passage, as to a
house, 2 Kings 16:18; or city, Prov.
- ENVIED, did envy or hate, on account
of success or happiness, Gen. 26:14;
- ENVIOUS, infected with envy, grieving
at the success of others, as saints are
tempted to be at the prosperity of wicked
men, Psal. 73:3.
- ENVIRON, to surround or encompass
for the purpose of besieging, Josh. 7:9.
- ENVY, grief or hatred at seeing the
success of another, Prov. 14:30; Tit. 3:
3; Jam. 4:3.
- ENVY, to hate or grieve at the success
of another, Prov. 3:31; Isa. 11:13.
- ENVYINGS, emotion of the mind that
envies, 2 Cor. 12:20; Gal. 5:21.
- EP'APHRAS, Έπαφρας (covered with foam),
a faithful minister of Christ, and thought
to have been the first bishop [pastor] of the
Colossian church, by whom he was sent
to visit the apostle Paul when a prisoner
at Rome, Col. 1:7.
- EPAPHRODI'TUS, Έπαφροδιτος (agreeable
or handsome), a messenger from the Phi-
lippian Christians to the apostle Paul,
when a prisoner at Rome, carrying from
them pecuniary relief: he is thought to
have been a bishop [pastor] or deacon of their
church, Phil. 1:1; 4:18.
- EPEN'ETUS, Έπαινετος (worthy of praise),
Paul's first convert to Christ in Greece,
- E'PHAH, [h] (weary), a son of Midian,
son of Abraham, Gen. 25:4.
- EPHAH, Caleb's concubine, 1 Chron.
- EPHAH, a tribe of Arabs, descended
from Abraham, by Midian, Gen. 25:4;
- EPHAH, a Hebrew measure of about
seven gallons and two quarts, Exod. 16:
3; Ezek. 45:11-14. See MEASURE.
- E'PHES-DAM'MIN, [h] (the effusion
of blood), a place west of the Dead sea,
where the Philistines were encamped
when David slew their champion Goliath,
1 Sam. 17:1: it is called Pas-dammim,
1 Chron. 11:13.
- EPHESIANS, the people of Ephesus,
Acts 19:28. See EPHESUS.
- EPHESIANS, EPISTLE TO THE: this
most instructive letter was written by
the apostle Paul from Rome, to the
Christian church at Ephesus, about A.D.
61, to direct and encourage them in their
course of constancy in faith and holy
obedience. This epistle is remarkable
for its rich exhibition of the grand plat-
form of evangelical doctrines, and for its
forcible exhortations to the practice of
universal holiness. See Commentary.
- EPH'ESUS, Έφεσος (desirable), one of the
most famous cities of Asia Minor, cele-
brated for its splendid temple, 425 feet
long, 220 broad, and its roof supported
by 127 pillars 75 feet high: it was ac-
counted one of the seven wonders of the
world: it was dedicated to the fabulous
goddess Diana, whose worship was at-
tended with the grossest impurities,
Acts 19. Yet here the apostle Paul's
ministry was effectual in gathering a
flourishing church about A.D. 55, and he
continued to labour among them more
than three years, Acts 21:31. John
the apostle is believed to have finished
his mortal course in this city: but the
church declined, indications of which
appeared in the days of the apostle for
which they were reproved; and "the
candlestick was removed" after religion
had been corrupted, Rev. 2:1-7; and
now Ephesus is a heap of ruins, near to
which there appears only a wretched vil-
lage named Aijasoluc, with only a few
huts of miserable Turks and Greeks, none
professing the name of Christ!
- EPHOD, a short upper garment of plain
linen, resembling a gown without sleeves,
worn by the Levitical priests, 1 Sam. 2:
18: that for the high-priest was richly
embroidered, Exod. 28:4, 31; 39:
1, 2. David wore an ephod on a solemn
occasion, 2 Sam. 6:14.
- E'PHRAIM, [h] (that brings forth fruit,
or that increases), the younger son of
Joseph, born in Egypt, Gen. 41:52.
Jacob, in blessing his sons, at his death,
by a spirit of prophecy declared that
Ephraim should be the more numerous
as a family or tribe, 48:14-20.
- EPHRAIM, THE TRIBE OF: Ephraim
had many sons, and his posterity mult-
plied in Egypt, so as to become a nume-
rous tribe, that the adult males, in the
second year of their emancipation,
amounted to 40,500. Joshua gave this
tribe their portion between the Jordan
on the east, and the Mediterranean on
the west; and after the division of the
Israelites in the reign of Rehoboam, the
kingdom of the ten tribes was frequently
called Ephraim, especially as its capital
was Samaria, Josh. 14:4; 16:5-10; Isa.
7:2-9; 1 Kings 13:32; 16:22-24.
- EPHRAIM, a hilly district near Bethel,
famous as the birthplace of the prophet
Samuel, 1 Sam. 1:1-19. See RAMAH.
- EPH'RATAH, [h] (abundance, or bear-
ing fruit), a name of the city Bethlehem,
- EPH'RATH, the same as Ephratah,
Gen. 35:19; Ruth 1:2.
- E'PHRON, [h] (dust), a Hittite chief,
and friend of Abraham, Gen. 23:8-10.
- EPICUREANS, followers of the doctrines
of Epicurus, an Athenian philosopher,
who flourished about 300 years before
the birth of Christ. They denied the
creation and providence of God, the
resurrection of the body, and the immor-
tality of the soul, holding that happiness
consists in pleasure. Some understood
Epicurus to mean peace of mind, from
the practice of virtue; but most con-
sidered that he intended sensual enjoy-
ments, Acts 17:18.
- EPISTLE, a letter communicating the
mind of the writer: such are twenty-
one of the books of the New Testament,
inspired by the Holy Spirit, on occasion
of the circumstances of the [early]
churches, or of individuals, but designed
for the edification of the people of God in
all ages. Some of the epistles are called
"general," as they were not intended
for a particular church, but generally for
Christians. Every believer is "a living
epistle of Christ," his personal holiness
declaring his character, 2 Cor. 3:2-3.
- EQUAL, just or righteous, Ezek. 18:
25: of the same nature, John 5:18; Phil.
2:6: a companion, Psal. 55:13.
- EQUALITY, the same degree of rank
or privilege, 2 Cor. 8:14.
- EQUALLY, in the same degree with
another, Exod. 36:22.
- EQUITY, righteousness, justice, Psal.
98:9; Mic. 3:9.
- ER, [h] (watch or weary), the eldest son
of Judah, Gen. 38:7.
- ERAS'TUS, [g] (lovely or amiable),
the city treasurer of Corinth, converted
to Christianity by the ministry of the
apostle Paul, Rom. 16:23; 2 Tim. 4:20.
- ERE, before, sooner than, Exod. 1:19.
- E'RECH, [h] (length), an ancient city
of Chaldea, near Babylon, Gen. 10:10.
- ERECTED, did erect or place perpen-
dicularly, Gen. 33:20.
- ERR, to wander, as from the paths of
rectitude, Isa. 63:17, or from the doc-
trines of divine truth, in the Scriptures,
Matt. 22:29; Jam. 5:19.
- ERRAND, a message or commission,
Gen. 24:33; 2 Kings 9:5.
- ERRED, wandered, as from the way of
truth and holiness, 1 Sam. 26:21; 1 Tim.
- ERROR, a mistake, Eccles. 10:5: a sin,
Jude 11; Psal. 19:12.
- E'SARHAD'DON, [h] (that binds joy,
or Sargon), Isa. 20:1, son of Sennacherib,
king of Assyria: he succeeded his father
on the throne of Nineveh, and acquired
Babylon, whither he carried Manasseh,
king of Judah, captive, after he had
conquered Jerusalem, 2 Kings 19:37;
2 Chron. 33:11.
- E'SAU, [h] (he that does, or acts, or
finishes), the elder son of Isaac, and twin-
brother of Jacob, Gen. 25:25. Esau
appears to have been a profane malevo-
lent man, by his selling his birthright,
and purposing to kill his brother: but
we know very little of his latter history
or character, ver. 34; 27.; 35:29;
36.; Heb. 12:16. See EDOM.
- ESCAPE, to flee so as to avoid evil or
danger, Gen. 19:17-20; Matt. 23:33.
- ESCAPED, did escape, Judg. 3:26:
did avoid injury, Acts 27:44: did get
away from, 2 Pet. 1:4.
- ESCAPING, the person or thing deli-
vered from danger, Ezra 9:14.
- ESCHEW, to shun or avoid, Job 1:8.
- ESCHEWED, did eschew or avoid, Job
- ESH'BAAL, [h] (the fire of the idol),
a son of king Saul, called also Ishbosheth,
2 Sam. 2:8; 1 Chron. 8:33. See
- ESH'COL, [h] (a bunch of grapes), an
ally and friend of Abraham in Canaan,
- ESHCOL, VALLEY OF, a vale in Judah,
near Hebron, so called because of the
very large bunch of grapes which the
spies cut down to carry to the people of
Israel, Num. 13:23, 24.
- ESH'TAOL, [h] (strong woman), a city
of Dan, where Samuel was born and
buried, Judg. 13:25; 16:31.
- ESHTEM'OA, [h] (bosom of a woman),
a city of Judah given to the priests, Josh.
- ESPECIALLY, chiefly, particularly, Acts
- ESPIED, did discover, Gen. 42:27.
- ESPOUSALS, the ceremonials of be-
trothing a man and woman previously
to marriage, Sol. Song 3:11: first en-
gagements in self-dedication to the ser-
vice of God, Jer. 2:2.
- ESPOUSED, engaged with joyful cere-
monies in promise of marriage, Matt. 1:
18; Luke 1:27.
- ESPY, to search or discover, Josh. 14:
7: to question, Jer. 48:19.
- ESTABLISH, to fix or confirm as a
covenant, Gen. 6:18; 9:9; 1 Sam. 1:23:
to perform or accomplish a revealed
purpose, Isa. 62:17: to strengthen and
comfort in holiness, 1 Thess. 3:2, 13.
- ESTABLISHED, confirmed, Gen. 9:17:
strengthened, 1 Kings 2:12, 44.
- ESTABLISHMENT, accomplishment, 2
- ESTATE, condition in life, Est. 1:19;
Eccles. 1:16: a nobleman, governor, or
magistrate, Mark 6:21.
- ESTEEM, to care for, Job 36:19;
41:27: to regard as excellent, Psal.
119:128; or as worthy, 1 Thess. 5:13;
or as justly punished, Isa. 53:4.
- ESTEEMED, regarded or estimated,
1 Sam. 2:30; Luke 16:15.
- ESTEEMING, regarding or estimating,
- ES'THER, [h] (secret or hidden), called
also Hadassah, Est. 2:1, a Jewish cap-
tive, who was elevated to be queen to
Ahasuerus, king of Persia, and whose
history is recorded in the book of Esther.
- ESTHER, THE BOOK OF: this book
records an extraordinary display of
Divine providence, in the elevation of
an orphan Jewess to be queen of Persia,
and by her means to accomplish a great
deliverance of the Jews from the san-
guinary policy of the haughty prime-
minister Haman. This book is pecu-
liarly valuable also for an illustration
of the manners of the court and gov-
ernment of the ancient Persians. See
AHASUERUS and HAMAN.
- ESTIMATE, to determine the value or
fix the price of a thing, Lev. 27:14.
- ESTIMATION, the reputed value, Lev.
- ESTRANGED, alienated, as persons,
Job 19:13; Psal. 58:3; Ezek. 14:5;
or things, Jer. 19:4.
- E'TAM, [h] (their bird), a precipitous
mountain, situated in the tribe of Dan,
- ETAM, a city of Judah, 2 Chron. 11:6.
- ETERNAL, everlasting, without begin-
ning or ending, Deut. 33:27. This
word and everlasting, applied to God,
denote a proper eternity: applied to a
future life, whether of blessedness or of
torment, they signify endless duration,
Matt. 25:46; 2 Cor. 4:17. Eternal,
ever, and everlasting, sometimes denote
only a long duration, according to the
nature and continuance of the things
under consideration, as the possession of
Canaan by the posterity of Abraham
Gen. 17:8, or of the throne of Israel by
the house of David, 2 Sam. 7:16. Infi-
dels especially have objected to the ap-
plication of this word to future punish-
ments, urging that the Greek word does
not signify a proper eternity: but it is
replied that it is the strongest term in
that language to express the idea of an
eternal state, and that which is used to
declare the happiness of the righteous,
and the eternity of God.
- Eternal. See HELL.
- Eternal Life. See Tract.
- ETERNITY, duration without begin-
ning or end, Isa. 57:15.
- E'THAM, [h] (their strength, or their
sign), an extensive desert around the
western arm of the Red sea, Exod. 13:
20; Num. 33:6-8.
- ETHAN, [h] (strong, or gift of the island),
supposed to be Jeduthun, a chief musi-
cian in the temple of Solomon, and
famous for his extraordinary wisdom, 1
Kings 4:31; 1 Chron. 2:6: he is believed
to have written the eighty-ninth psalm,
on occasion of the revolt of the ten tribes
- ETH'ANIM, [h] (strong, or valiant),
the seventh Hebrew month of the sacred
year, 1 Kings 8:2.
- ETHIO'PIA, [h], CUSH (blackness), a
country in Arabia Felix, along the east-
ern shore of the Red sea, and including
the land of Midian: hence the wife of
Moses is called an Ethiopian, Num. 12:
1; Exod. 2:15-21; 2 Chron. 21:16.
- ETHIOPIA, a large country lying south
and south-east of Egypt, along the
western shore of the Red Sea, and now
called Abyssinia, Acts 8:27; Nah.
- ETHIO'PIAN, [g], ÆTHIOPS (heat, or
burning), a native of Ethiopia, Num. 12:
1; Jer. 17:23; Dan. 11:43.
- Ethiopic Bible. See Ministry.
- EUBU'LUS, [g] (a good counseller),
a companion or friend of the apostle
Paul at Rome, 2 Tim. 4:21.
- EUNI'CE, [g] (good victory), a Jewess,
the intelligent and pious mother of
Timothy, but married to a Greek, 2 Tim.
1:5; Acts 16:1.
- EUNUCH, an officer who served in the
chambers in the palaces of the East, 2
Kings 20:18; Acts 8:27. Such offi-
cers were commonly emasculated, to pre-
vent jealousy, Matt. 19:12.
- EUO'DIAS, [g] (sweet scent), a female
Christian at Philippi, Phil. 4:2.
- EUPHRA'TES, [h] (that makes fruit-
ful), Rev. 9:14, Heb. [h], PHRATH, Gen.
2:14, the most celebrated river of western
Asia, called the Great river, Gen. 15:18;
Deut. 1:7: it rises in the mountains of
Armenia, and, after flowing about 1840
miles through many countries, falls, with
the river Tigris, into the Persian gulf.
Babylon was built upon the banks of
the Euphrates. See BABYLON. The
modern name of this river is almost as
the Hebrew, Phrat or Epherat.
- EUROC'LYDON, [g] (a tempestuous
wind), a kind of whirlwind from the
north-east, in the Mediterranean, now
called a Levanter, Acts 27:14.
- EU'TYCHUS, Εύτυχος (happy or fortu-
nate), a young man at Troas restored to
life by the power of Christ in the apostle
Paul, Acts 20:9-12.
- EVANGELIST, Εύαγγελιστης (a messenger
of good), a title given to an early preacher
of the gospel, Acts 21:8; 2 Tim. 4:5.
Evangelists, in the [early] church were
extraordinary assistant missionaries, to
aid the apostles in founding the churches
of Christ, Eph. 4:11. Philip, Timothy,
Titus, Mark, Luke, Barnabas, and others,
were of this class: but the title has been
more particularly applied to Matthew,
Mark, Luke, and John, as the writers of
the four "Gospels."
- EVE, חוה (life), the first woman, and
the original mother of all mankind, Gen.
2:20, 25; 3:20; 4:1, 2: the brief his-
tory of the creation, temptation, and
transgression, of Eve are singularly in-
structive; and though nothing is known
concerning the period of the death of
Eve, it has been presumed that she lived
930 years, and closed her life about the
same time as Adam.
- EVEN, the close of the day, Gen. 19:
1: night, Deut. 28:67.
- EVEN, equal, Job 31:6: level, Psal.
26:12; Luke 19:44.
- EVEN, certainly, 1 Kings 1:48; Ezek.
20:11: that is, 2 Cor. 1:3; Phil. 2:8.
- EVENING, night, Gen. 1:58: the close
of the day, the beginning of night, Josh.
10:26; Acts 28:23.
- EVENING, relating to the evening,
1 Kings 18:29; Zeph. 3:3.
- EVENT, an occurrence, a thing that
happens, Eccles. 9:2, 3.
- EVEN-TIDE, the time of evening, Josh.
8:29; Mark 11:11.
- EVER, at all times, Lev. 6:13: con-
stantly, through life, 1 Kings 5:1: at
any time, Job 4:7: eternally, 1 Thess.
4:17. "[F]or ever and ever" denotes
eternally, but expressed with emphasis,
Exod. 15:18; Rev. 11:15. See ETERNAL.
- EVERLASTING, perpetual, Gen. 17:8:
eternal, Matt. 25:46; Jude 6.
- EVERMORE, perpetually, Deut. 28:
29: eternally, Psal. 16:11; Rev. 1:18.
- EVERY, each one of all, Gen. 6:5;
- EVIDENCE, manifest proof, Heb. 11:1:
written memorials or records of proof,
Jer. 32:10, 16, 44.
- EVIDENT, plain, apparent, Job 6:28;
Phil. 1:28: clearly proved by evidence,
Heb. 7:14, 15.
- EVIDENTLY, plainly, certainly, Acts
10:3; Gen. 3:1.
- EVIL, calamity, Gen. 19:19; Amos
3:16: wickedness, 1 Kings 16:23;
- EVIL, calamitous or sorrowful, Gen.
47:9; Eccles. 12:1: wicked, Gen. 8:
21; Matt. 12:35; 2 Kings 17:13.
- EVIL, badly, Exod. 5:22: oppressively,
Acts 7:6: wickedly, 2 Pet. 2:2, 12.
- E'VIL-MERO'DACH, [h] (the fool of
Merodach), the son and successor of Ne-
buchadnezzar, king of Babylon, and
father of Belshazzar, 2 Kings 25:27-30;
Jer. 52:31; Dan. 5:1-30.
- EWE, a female sheep, Gen. 21:28;
- EXACT, to demand with vigour, as
lent money, Neh. 5:7; or taxes imposed,
Luke 3:13; or undue labour from ser-
vants, Isa. 58:3.
- EXACTED, did exact or demand, as
money in payment of tribute, 2 Kings
- EXACTION, tax, tribute, or demand,
Neh. 10:31; Ezek. 45:9
- EXACTOR, a receiver of taxes, such
were generally oppressive under the de-
spotic governments of the East, Isa. 60:17.
- EXALT, to extol in praise, Exod. 15:2:
to elevate to a higher station or dignity,
Isa. 14:13; Dan. 11:36.
- EXALTED, elevated, honoured or dig-
nified, Num. 24:7; Acts 2:33; Phil.
- EXAMINATION, judicial trial, Acts 25:
- EXAMINE, to observe and try carefully,
Ezra 10:16: to question, 1 Cor. 9:3: to
investigate, 2 Cor. 13:5.
- EXAMINED, questioned, Luke 23:14:
interrogated with severity or torture, as
by scourging, Acts 12:19; 22:24.
- EXAMINING, questioning judicially,
- EXCEED, to go beyond in anything,
Deut. 25:3: to surpass, 2 Cor. 3:9;
1 Kings 10:7.
- EXCEEDED, did exceed or surpass,
1 Sam. 20:41; 1 Kings 10:23.
- EXCEEDING, surpassing, Gen. 15:1;
1 Kings 4:29; Eph. 2:7.
- EXCEEDINGLY, very greatly, Gen. 7:
19; Acts 16:20; Gal. 1:14.
- EXCEL, to surpass, as in good qualities,
Psal. 103:20; or in endowments, 1 Cor.
14:12: to exceed in riches or fame,
- EXCELLED, did surpass, 1 Kings 4:30.
- EXCELLENCY, goodness, dignity, power,
Gen. 49:3; Phil. 3:8: honour, glory,
2 Cor. 4:7: grandeur or fame, as of a
metropolis, Isa. 13:19.
- EXCELLENT, surpassing or eminent in
good qualities, Psal. 8:1; 36:7:
worthy, Prov. 12:26; Rom. 2:18: offi-
cial, Acts 23:26.
- EXCEPT, unless, Gen. 31:42.
- EXCEPTED, exempted, not included,
1 Cor. 15:27.
- EXCESS, intemperance, transgression,
1 Pet. 4:3, 4.
- EXCHANGE, traffic by barter, one thing
being given for another, Gen. 47:17;
- EXCHANGE, to give one thing for
another, Ezek. 48:14.
- EXCHANGERS, bankers: those who
took in people's money to make a profit,
allowing them a share of it, Matt. 25:27.
- EXCLUDE, to shut out or hinder, Gal.
- EXCLUDED, shut out, Rom. 3:27.
- EXCUSE, a reason for doing or not
doing anything, Luke 14:18.
- EXCUSED, to throw off imputation by
a feigned apology, 2 Cor. 12:9.
- EXCUSED, disengaged from obligation,
- EXCUSING, justifying or vindicating,
- EXECRATION, a curse, an abomination,
- EXECUTE, to perform, or put in act
fully, Exod. 12:12; Jude 16: to admi-
nister justice as a magistrate or judge,
Deut. 10:18; Rom. 13:4.
- EXECUTED, did execute or perform,
Luke 1:8; Psal. 106:30.
- EXECUTING, performing, 2 Kings 10:
30; 2 Chron. 22:8.
- EXECUTION, performance, Est. 9:1.
- EXECUTIONER, he that puts criminals
or prisoners to death at the command of
a judge or a despot, Mark 6:27.
- EXEMPTED, excused or favoured,
1 Kings 15:2.
- EXERCISE, use or activity, 1 Tim. 4:8.
- EXERCISE, to practise, Acts 24:16:
to employ, Rev. 13:12.
- EXERCISED, employed, Eccles. 1:13;
2 Pet. 2:14.
- EXHORT, kindly and earnestly to ad-
vise, Acts 2:40; 1 Tim. 2:1; Heb. 3:13.
- EXHORTATION, the act of exhorting
to good, Luke 3:18: consolatory advice,
Acts 20:2: the word of gracious counsel
in the Scriptures, Heb. 12:5.
- EXHORTED, did exhort, counsel, or
encourage, Acts 11:23.
- EXHORTING, counselling or encourag-
ing, Acts 14:22.
- Exhorting. See Biblical Counseling.
- EXILE, a person banished to a strange
land, 2 Sam. 15:19; Isa. 51:14.
- EX'ODUS, Έζοδος (the going out or de-
parture), the title given to the second
book in the Bible, as it details the
departure of the Israelites from Egypt,
and the particular organization of the
church of Israel, under the special direc-
tion of God, as their immediate sove-
reign. Exodus is a most instructive
book, as it records the history of the
persecutions of the Hebrews in Egypt,
the birth, education, and conversion of
Moses; his mission to Pharaoh, the
plagues on the Egyptians; the deliver-
ance of Israel, the passage through the
Red sea; the miracle of the manna forty
years; the giving of the law, and the con-
struction of the tabernacle, with its sacred
utensils; all of which deserve the serious
regard of Christians. Exodus includes
the history of about 145 years, from the
death of Joseph, to the celebration of
the second passover, Num. 9:1-5.
- EXORCISTS, pretenders to expel evil
spirits by using the name of God: some
of these wickedly attempted this in the
name of Christ, Acts 19:13.
- EXPECTATION, the prospect of some
advantage or good hoped for, Psal. 62:
10; Acts 12:11; Phil. 1:20.
- EXPECTED, desired or hoped for, Jer.
- EXPECTING, hoping, Acts 3:5: wait-
ing for what is secured, Heb. 10:13.
- EXPEDIENT, suitable or profitable,
John 11:50; 2 Cor. 12:1.
- EXPEL, to drive out or eject, Josh.
23:5; Judg. 11:7.
- EXPELLED, did eject or drive out,
Judg. 1:2; Acts 13:30.
- EXPENCES, costs or charges of work
or business, Ezra 6:4-8.
- EXPERIENCE, knowledge gained by
trial or practice, Gen. 30:27.
- EXPERIMENT, the trial of anything,
2 Cor. 9:13.
- EXPERT, skilful by practice or experi-
ence, 1 Chron. 12:33; Acts 26:3.
- EXPIRED, completed or brought to an
end, Est. 1:5; Rev. 20:7.
- EXPLOITS, deeds of war, as some bold
men recovered and defended Jerusalem,
when the king of Assyria had abolished
the worship of God in the temple, Dan.
- EXPOUND, to explain the meaning,
- EXPOUNDED, did explain the meaning,
as of a dream, or the Scriptures, Judg.
14:19; Luke 24:27; Acts 18:26.
- EXPRESS, exact or perfectly like, Heb.
- EXPRESSED, marked or enrolled, 1
Chron. 12:3; Ezra 8:20.
- EXPRESSLY, plainly or directly, 1 Sam.
20:21; 1 Tim. 4:1.
- EXTEND, to stretch out, Psal. 109:12:
to diffuse, Isa. 66:12.
- EXTENDED, stretched out or displayed,
as in favourable circumstances, Ezra 7:
- EXTINCT, put out or expended, as the
past days of our life, Job 17:1: de-
stroyed, as the terror of an invading
army, Isa. 43:17.
- EXTOL, to praise highly, Psal. 145:1;
- EXTOLLED, greatly honoured or cele-
brated, Isa. 52:13.
- EXTORTION, excessive demands, or
gaining by oppression, Ezek. 22:12:
purposes of oppression, Matt. 23:25.
- EXTORTIONER, one who practises ex-
tortion, 1 Cor. 5:11.
- EXTREME, the greatest degree, Deut.
- EXTREMITY, the utmost point, as of
distress, Job 35:15.
- EYE, the organ of vision, Exod. 21:
24-26. Our perceptions and knowledge
being principally by means of sight, eye,
or eyes, is figuratively employed in many
places to denote knowledge, understand-
ing, regard, and watchfulness, Gen. 3:7;
Deut. 16:19; 1 Kings 1:20.   "The eyes
of the LORD" denote the omniscience of
God, Prov. 15:3. "[S]ee[ing] eye to eye,"
intends being perfectly agreed in opinion
and judgment, Isa. 52:8.
- EYED, did eye or watch with suspicion,
1 Sam. 18:9.
- EYED, pertaining to the eye, as tender
or weak in the eyes, Gen. 29:17.
- EYELIDS, the membranes that shut
over the eyes, used to denote sight, Job
16:16; Psal. 11:4: day-break or sun-
rising, Job 41:18.
- EYESALVE, God's word and promised
grace to give illumination, Rev. 3:18.
- EYE-SERVICE, diligence of servants
merely in the presence of their masters,
- EZE'KIEL, [h] (the strength of God),
a Jewish priest, carried captive with
king Jehoiachim to Babylon, by Nebu-
chadnezzar, Ezek. 1:2; 2 Kings 24:
8-16. His prophetic ministry began in
the fifth year of the captivity, and con-
tinued, as is supposed, about twenty-one
years, until about the year B.C. 575.
Ezekiel is believed to have died a mar-
tyr for the truth of God, while testifying
against the idolatry and wickedness of
the Jews in Chaldea.
- EZEKIEL, THE BOOK OF: this book of
predictions confirms the truth of Jere-
miah's ministry, for which purpose Eze-
kiel was inspired and commissioned;
and the whole is remarkable for the
several descriptions of the prophet's
visions, which indicated the events of
Divine Providence in relation to the
recovery of the Jews from captivity, the
coming of Messiah, and the destruction
of the enemies of Israel, the Ammonites,
Edomites, &c. See Commentary.
- E'ZION-GA'BER, [h] (the back-bone
of the man), a sea-port town in Arabia, on
the eastern gulf of the Red sea, Deut. 2:8;
1 Kings 9:26. See ELATH.
- EZ'RA, [h] (a helper), a priest of great
skill, piety, and zeal, but a captive in
Persia after the first return of the Jews
from Babylon: he was highly respected
by the king Artaxerxes, who gave him
a commission, with valuable presents of
silver and gold, and letters of credit to
a large amount, to return and prosecute
the rebuilding of Jerusalem. Ezra be-
came, therefore, the leader of a new
colony of the exiled Israelites to Canaan,
and the chief reformer [revival] of the Jewish
church after the captivity in Babylon,
Ezra 7:1, 6, 12, 21, 25. Ezra was
divinely inspired to [read], [teach], and
arrange the books of Scripture; and he
established the preaching or expounding
of the word of God, Neh. 8:1-8: he
compiled the books of Chronicles, adding
the history of his own times, which,
some think, was finished by Nehemiah;
but it is not improbable that Ezra sur-
vived that pious governor, as it is sup-
posed that he lived to the advanced age
of 120 years, dying in Persia, on a journey
to visit Artaxerxes.
- EZRA, THE BOOK OF: this valuable
book relates the history of the Jews
from their return to Jerusalem by the
edict of Cyrus, to the time of its author,
including notices of a period of nearly
100 years: the latter four chapters record
the appointment of Ezra to the govern-
ment of Judea by Artaxerxes, king of
Persia, and some particulars of the vari-
ous beneficial reforms [revival] which he effected
among the Jews, especially in connexion
with the temple, at Jerusalem.
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