Bible Dictionary: M.   1840

  1. MA'ACAH, [h] (to squeeze), the daughter
    of king Talmai, wife of king David, and
    mother of Absalom, 2 Sam. 3:3.
  2. MAACAH, a Syrian king in the time of
    David, 2 Sam. 10:6.
  3. MAACAH, a city of Syria near the source
    of the Jordan, 2 Sam. 10:8.
  4. MAACHAH or MAACAH, a son of Nahor,
    Gen. 22:24.
  5. MAACHAH or MAACAH, the wife of king
    Rehoboam, 1 Kings 14:3; 15:2.
  6. MAACH'ATHI, the people of Maacah
    in Syria, Deut. 3:14; 2 Sam. 10:6-8.
  7. MAACH'ATHITES, the people of Maacah,
    Josh. 12:5.
  8. MAASEI'AH, [h] (work of the Lord), a
    nobleman of Judah, who aided in es-
    tablishing king Josiah on the throne,
    2 Chron 23:1.
  9. MAASEIAH, a son of king Ahaz, assassi-
    nated by Zichri, 2 Chron. 28:7.
  10. MACEDO'NIA, [g] (elevated or emi-
    nent
    ), northern Greece, 2 Cor. 9:2,
    peopled originally by the descendants of
    Javan, Gen. 10:4, 5: it is bounded on the
    north by the mountains of Haemus, on
    the south by Thessaly and Epirus, on
    the west by the Adriatic sea, and on
    the east by Thrace and the Egean sea.
    Macedonia was the country of king
    Philip, and of his famous son Alexander
    the Great, who made it the head of one
    of the most powerful monarchies of
    antiquity: it was at length taken about
    the year B.C. 184, by the Romans; and
    when the empire was divided, it fell to
    the share of the emperor of the east; it
    was conquered by the Ottoman Turks,
    with Constantinople, and it now forms a
    province of Turkey.
      Christianity was
    published in Macedonia by the apostle
    Paul, under the direction of a heavenly
    vision, Acts 16:9-12: and several flou-
    rishing churches arose in Philippi, in
    Thessalonica its capital, perhaps at Berea,
    and other places distinguished for their
    zeal and liberality in promoting the gos-
    pel
    of Christ, 2 Cor. 8:1; 1 Thess. 1:8.
  11. MA'CHIR, [h] (he that sells, or knows) a
    son of Manasseh, and grandson of Joseph,
    Gen. 50:23; Num. 26:29.
  12. MACHIR, a friend of king Saul, and
    foster-father of Mephibosheth, son of
    Jonathan, 2 Sam. 4:4-9.
  13. MACHPE'LAH, [h] (double), a field
    near Hebron, famous for the cave which
    was the burying-place of Abraham, Isaac,
    and Jacob, Gen. 23:9-19; 49:30, 31.
    Over the cave there is a noble structure,
    said to have been built by Helena, mother
    of Constantine the Great, for a Christian
    church; but it is now used as a mosque
    by the Moh_mm_dans.
  14. MAD, deprived of reason, Deut. 28:
    34, as David pretended to be at Gath,
    1 Sam. 21:13, 14: furious, 2 Kings 9:
    11, as Paul had been in persecuting the
    Christians, Acts 26:11.
  15. MA'DAI, [h] (measure, covering, or clothed),
    a son of Japhet, and the supposed pro-
    genitor of the Medes, Gen. 10:2.
  16. MADE, did make or form, as God formed
    or made His various works after creating
    the heavens and the earth
    , Gen. 1:7-16:
    appointed, as a person to an office, Exod.
    2:14; 1 Sam. 8:1: did work, or prepare
    by labour, Eccles. 2:4, 5: did cause to
    be, by any means, Gen. 21:6; 45:8:
    did pretend, Josh. 8:15; 9:4.
  17. MADE, appointed, Mark 2:27: con-
    stituted, Heb. 5:5: brought into a state,
    Luke 23:12: united with, John 1:14.
  18. MADNESS, distraction, insanity, Deut.
    28:28: fury, Luke 6:11: irrational
    conduct, 2 Pet. 2:16.
  19. MAG'DALA, [g] (tower or greatness,
    elevated or magnificent), a town on the lake
    Gennesareth, Matt. 15:39.
  20. MAGDALE'NE, [g]: one named
    Mary, was surnamed from her having
    lived in the town of Magdala, Matt.
    27:56.   See MARY MAGDALENE.
  21. MAG'DIEL, [h] (who proclaims God),
    a prince of the Idumeans, Gen. 36:
    43.
  22. MAGICIAN, a title given to wise men,
    priests, and philosophers, in Persia, Dan.
    2:10.
  23. MAGICIANS, wise men and sorcerers of
    Egypt, Gen. 41:8-28; Exod. 7:11; 8:
    19, and of Chaldea, Dan. 1:20.   They
    were the learned men in the East, who
    professed the knowledge of future events
    by the science of astrology, and were
    therefore consulted by kings, whom they
    served as instruments of their despotism,
    Dan. 2:2; 4:7-9.   See WISE MEN.
  24. MAGISTRATE, a civil ruler, appointed
    for the administration of justice in a city
    or country, Judg. 18:7; Ezra 7:25.
  25. MAGNIFICAL, grand or splendid, 1
    Chron. 22:5.
  26. MAGNIFICENCE, grandeur in appear-
    ance, Acts 19:27.
  27. MAGNIFIED, did magnify, or render
    honourable, Josh. 4:4; 1 Chron. 29:
    25.
  28. MAGNIFIED, made great, Gen. 19:19:
    made honourable, Acts 19:17.
  29. MAGNIFY, to make great, as God mag-
    nified and honoured Joshua, Josh. 3:7;
    4:14: to declare great, as men do in
    praising God, Psal. 34:3; Acts 10:46.
  30. MA'GOG, [h] (roof, or that covers, or dis-
    solves
    ), a son of Japheth, and progenitor
    of the Scythians or Tartars, Gen. 10:2.
    See
    GOG.
    • Magog.   Tartars are possibly Russians.   See Ministry.
  31. MA'GOR-MIS'SABIB, [h] (fear round
    about
    ), the name by Jeremiah to an
    infidel priest, Pashur, a false prophet,
    who barbarously treated him on account
    of his foretelling the captivity of the
    Jews in Babylon, Jer. 20:[1-6].
  32. MAHALALE'EL, [h] (he that praises
    God
    ), one of the antediluvian patriarchs,
    Gen. 5:12, 17.
  33. MAHA'LATH, [h] (melodious song, or
    infirmity), wife of Esau, Gen. 28:9.
  34. MAHALATH, wife of Rehoboam, king
    of Judah, 2 Chron. 11:18.
  35. MAHANA'IM, [h] (the two fields, or two
    armies
    ), a city east of the Jordan, the
    place being so called by Jacob, on account
    of his vision of angels, Gen. 32:2;
    Josh. 21:38.
  36. MA'HER-SHA'LAL-HASH'-BAZ, [h]
    (making speed to the spoil), the name
    divinely given to a son of the prophet
    Isaiah, intimating the speedy ruin of
    Damascus, Isa. 8:1-3.
  37. MAH'LON, [h] (song, or infirmity), the
    first husband of Ruth, Ruth 1:2-4; 4:5.
  38. MA'HOL, [h] (song, choir, or infirmity),
    father of the celebrated Ethan, Heman,
    Chalcol, and Darda, 1 Kings 4:31.
  39. MAID or MAIDEN, a woman- servant,
    Exod. 2:5; Gen. 30:18: a virgin,
    Esth. 2:7; Luke 8:51.
  40. MAID-SERVANT, a female domestic,
    Exod. 21:7.
  41. MAIL, a coat of plaited leather or metal
    net-work, worn for defence, 1 Sam. 17:5.
  42. MAIMED, wounded or injured, Lev. 5:
    22; Matt. 15:30.
  43. MAINSAIL, the chief sail belonging to
    the main-mast of a ship, Acts 27:40.
  44. MAINTAIN, to defend or preserve, 1
    Kings 8:45: to practise, Tit. 3:8, 14.
  45. MAINTAINED, supported or preserved,
    Psal. 9:4.
  46. MAINTENANCE, allowance for support
    or sustenance, Ezra 4:14; Prov. 27:27.
  47. MAJESTY, royal greatness and dignity
    in kings, Esth. 1:4; Dan. 5:18, especially
    of Almighty God
    , 1 Chron. 29:11; Job
    37:22; Heb. 1:3.
  48. MAKE, to form or fashion, as the works
    of God, Gen. 1:2, or of man, 11:3: to
    compel, Psal. 110:1: to appoint to an
    office, Deut. 1:13.
  49. MAKER, God our Creator, Psal. 95:6:
    a workman, Heb. 2:18.
  50. MAKING, preparing, Eccles. 12:12:
    rendering, Mark 7:13.
  51. MAKKE'DAH, [h], a city of Canaan,
    granted to Judah, Josh. 10:10-28; 15:
    21-41.
  52. MAL'ACHI, [h] (my angel, or my am-
    bassador
    ), the last of the inspired prophets
    whose writings concluded the canon of
    the Old Testament.   Malachi was contem-
    porary with
    Nehemiah.   He exercised
    his ministry about one hundred and
    twenty years after the return of the Jews
    from Babylon, closing it about the year
    four hundred before the advent of Jesus
    Christ, Mal. 1:1.
  53. MALACHI, THE BOOK OF, intimates the
    irreligious character of the Jews in the
    time of the prophet; for though they
    were not guilty of idolatry, but retained
    the forms of godliness, they were hypo-
    critical, profane, and immoral.   Malachi
    reproves the wickedness of the people,
    invites them to
    repentance, and predicts
    the coming of Messiah, as the Sun of
    Righteousness, Matt. 4:2.   See Commentary.
  54. MALCHI'AH, [h] (the Lord is my king,
    or the Lord rules me), the keeper of the
    prison in Jerusalem, who ill-treated the
    prophet Jeremiah, Jer. 38:6.
  55. MALEHI'AH, a patriotic goldsmith's son,
    who built part of the wall of Jerusalem,
    Neh. 3:31.
  56. MALCHISHU'A, [h] (my king is a
    saviour
    ), a son of king Saul, slain with
    his father at Gilboa, 1 Sam. 31:2.
  57. MAL'CHUS, [g] (king, or kingdom), a
    servant of Caiaphus, noted as having his
    ear cut off by
    Peter, Luke 22:51, 52.
  58. MALE, the he of any species, Exod.
    12:5; Num. 1:2-20.
  59. MALEFACTOR, an offender against law,
    a criminal, John 18:30: two such
    were crucified with
    Jesus, Luke 23:
    32, 33.
  60. MALICE, hatred or ill-will, Eph. 4:31.
  61. MALICIOUS, ill-disposed, malignant,
    3 John 10.
  62. MALICIOUSNESS, malice, evil intention,
    Rom. 1:29.
  63. MALIGNITY, settled malice, Rom 1:
    29.
  64. MALLOWS, common medicinal plants,
    famous for their emollient properties and
    the size and brilliancy of their flowers.
    Job is supposed to have meant a species
    called by the Greeks Halimus, a saltish
    plant, growing commonly on the deserts
    and on poor land, and eaten as we eat
    greens, by the more wretched inhabitants
    in Syria, Job 30:4.
  65. MAMMON, a Syriac word signifying
    wealth.   No man can serve God and
    Mammon, means, no man, while eagerly
    bent on acquiring riches, can love God
    and delight in his service, Matt. 6:24.
  66. MAM'RE, [h] (rebellious, or bitter, or ele-
    vated
    ), an Amorite, a friend of Abraham,
    Gen. 14:13.
  67. MAMRE, a plain near Hebron, famous
    for being the residence of
    Abraham in
    Canaan, Gen. 18:1.
  68. MAN, a human being, the noblest crea-
    ture of
    God on earth, consisting of a
    rational spirit and a material body, pos-
    sessing thus a mysterious conjunction of
    the angelical and animal natures, Gen. 1:
    26; 2:7.   Man being thus created in the
    image of God in righteousness and true
    holiness, was constituted by his Maker
    lord of all creatures on earth and in the
    sea, accountable for all the actions of his
    life, and for the disposition of his heart
    towards his Creator.   Disobedience to
    his holy law, however, brought guilt,
    misery, and mortality upon the offender
    and all his posterity, from which there is
    no recovery but by the mediation of
    Christ, the second man, the Lord from
    heaven, Rom. 5:12-15; 1 Cor. 15:21-47.
    The outward man means the body: the
    inward, or inner man, intends the spirit,
    2 Cor. 4:16: the natural man is an
    ungodly, sensual person, even though
    learned in worldly wisdom, 1 Cor. 2:14:
    the old man means our unholy affections,
    Rom. 6:6; Col. 3:9: the new man is
    the renewed and sanctified mind, Eph.
    4:24; Col. 3:10.
    • Man, the new creature.   See Tract.
  69. MANA'EN, [g] (comforter), an [im-
    portant] teacher or prophet in the Christian
    church at Antioch: he had been educated
    with Herod Antipas, but was called by
    Christ, and, as some suppose, was one of
    the seventy evangelists, Acts 13:11.
  70. MANAS'SEH [h] (forgetfulness, or he
    that is forgotten
    ), the eldest son of
    Joseph,
    and so called, as an expression of grati-
    tude to God, for his goodness in causing
    him to forget the unkindness of his
    brethren, Gen. 41:5; 48:32.
  71. MANASSEH, THE TRIBE OF: this be-
    came a numerous tribe, as predicted by
    Jacob, Gen. 48:20; Deut. 33:17:
    it was divided in its settlement in Canaan,
    one part on the east of Jordan, and the
    other on the west of the country reaching
    to the Mediterranean, Josh. 16. 17.
    22.
  72. MANASSEH, son of king Hezekiah, and
    at twelve years of age his successor on
    the throne of Judah, was extraordinarily
    impious and wicked, exceeding, in his
    idolatry and cruelty, the very heathen:
    he burnt one of his own sons as a sacri-
    fice to the idol Molech, and barbarously
    murdered, as is believed, the prophet
    Isaiah, filling Jerusalem with innocent
    blood, 2 Kings 21:1-18.   Provoked by
    his crimes, God gave him into the hands
    of the king of Assyria, who put him in
    chains and imprisoned him in Babylon,
    where he humbled himself greatly, and
    then obtained mercy from God, who
    wrought deliverance for him and restored
    him to his throne.   Manasseh laboured,
    for the last thirty years of his life, to
    repair the evils which he had done to his
    kingdom by his former wickedness, and
    died after a reign of fifty-five years, 2
    Chron. 33:1, 20.
  73. MANASSEH, the name of two Jews
    returned from captivity in Babylon,
    Ezra 10:30, 33.
  74. MANDRAKE, supposed to be the Atropa
    Mandragora, a narcotic plant resembling
    the beet in its root, and the potato in its
    flowers and fruit: this plant was in high
    estimation among the ancients; its vir-
    tues are extolled by the Arabs, the
    Greeks, and the Romans, for recovering
    the spirits of the dejected, and for ren-
    dering barren women fruitful, Gen. 30:
    14, 16; Song 7:13
  75. MANEH, a Hebrew weight of sixty
    shekels, Ezek. 45:12.   See
    WEIGHTS.
  76. MANGER, a trough out of which beasts
    eat their corn, Luke 2:7, 12.
  77. MANIFEST, to make plainly visible,
    John 15:21, 22.
  78. MANIFEST, clearly visible, Acts 4:16;
    Gal. 5:19: made publicly known, 1 Tim.
    3:9: fully revealed, 3:16.
  79. MANIFESTATION, a public discovery,
    Rom. 8:19: a full exhibition, 1 Cor.
    12:7.
  80. MANIFESTED, did make public or evi-
    dent, John 2:11.
  81. MANIFESTED, publicly exhibited, 1
    John 3:5-8.
  82. MANIFESTLY, clearly, openly, 1 Cor.
    3:3.
  83. MANIFOLD, multiplied in manner, or
    many in number, Neh. 9:19; 1 Pet.
    1:6.
  84. MANKIND, man, Lev. 18:22: the
    species of man, Job 12:10.
  85. MANNA, a nutritious provision of food,
    which God miraculously supplied daily
    to the Israelites, during forty years in
    the wilderness of
    Arabia.   Reckoning
    the people at only 1,000,000, and the
    omer for each at three quarts, the quan-
    tity consumed each day amounted to
    93,750 bushels; and to 1,368,750,000
    bushels in the forty years!   Everything
    relating to the nature, the origin, the
    continuance, and the termination of this
    supply, was miraculous, Exod. 16:15,
    33, 35; Num. 11:6-9; John 5:31.   Arabia
    now furnishes, in rainy seasons, a small
    quantity of a gum or juice, dropping from
    the tafa or tamarisk tree, greatly resem-
    bling the food of the Israelites; the
    annual produce is reckoned at about 500
    or 600 pounds weight: some eat it, but it
    is chiefly used as a medicine, under the
    name of Manna.   To eat of the hidden
    manna, as promised by Christ, is to be
    made a partaker of the enjoyments of
    heaven, Rev. 2:17.
  86. MANNER, custom, Ruth 4:7: service
    or worship, 2 Kings 18:26, 27: sort or
    order, Exod. 12:16.
  87. MANO'AH, [h] (rest or present), the
    father of Samson.   Manoah appears to
    have been a true worshipper of God,
    but his wife appears to have surpassed
    him both in piety and wisdom, Judg.
    13.   See
    SAMSON.
  88. MANSIONS, noble habitations: such are
    provided for the
    redeemed in the king-
    dom of God, John 14:2
  89. MANSLAYER, a person who has killed
    a human being: such a one, in the land
    of Israel, might seek an asylum in one
    of the cities of refuge, of which six were
    appointed for that purpose, Num. 35:
    6-12.   There he might dwell until he
    could be brought to trial, or until the
    death of the high-priest: this was a pecu-
    liarly wise ordinance in that age, when
    the law of retaliation almost universally
    prevailed.
  90. MANTLE, a kind of cloak, 1 Kings
    19:13-19; Job 1:20; 2:12.
  91. MANY, a great number, Judg. 9:40:
    as all mankind, or all the redeemed, Rom.
    5:16-19: all who perish, Matt. 7:13:
    often repeated, Psal. 78:38: a long
    period, Hos. 3:4.
  92. MA'ON, [h] (house or habitation), a
    city of Judah, Josh. 15:55: it had a
    desert or wilderness near it, 1 Sam.
    23:24.
  93. MAR, to disfigure, Lev. 19:27: to
    spoil, 1 Sam. 6:5.
  94. MA'RAH, [h] (bitterness), the name of a
    place in
    Arabia, at which the Israelites
    encamped, so called on account of the
    bitterness of its water, Exod. 15:23.
  95. MARAH, a name assumed by the widow
    of Naomi, because of her bereavements
    in the land of Moab, Ruth 1:20.
  96. MA'RAN-ATH'A, Μαραν αθα (the Lord
    comes
    ): this compound Syriac word, with
    Anathema, a curse, is used in a most
    solemn manner by the apostle, to indicate
    the awful perdition of infidel aliens from
    Christ, 1 Cor. 16:22.
  97. MARBLE, fine-grained stone of various
    colours, which takes a beautiful polish,
    and is used for pillars and other orna-
    ments in sumptuous buildings, 1 Chron.
    29:2; Esth. 1:6.
  98. MARCH, to proceed in ranks, as soldiers
    to the battle, Jer. 46:22.
  99. MARCHED, did march, as an army,
    Exod. 14:10.
  100. MAR'CUS, the Latin form of Mark.
    See
    MARK.
  101. MARE'SHAH, [h] (from the head, or
    from the beginning), a city of Judah, famous
    for the victory over the Ethiopians by
    Asa, king of Judah, 2 Chron. 14:9;
    Josh. 15:44.
  102. MARINERS, seamen, those occupied at
    sea, Ezek. 27:8-29; Jon. 1:5.
  103. MARISHES, boggy plots of land, Ezek.
    47:10.
  104. MARK, Μαρκος (polite, or shining), the
    evangelist so named is believed to have
    been the nephew of
    Barnabas, Col. 4:
    10, son of Mary, a pious woman, in whose
    house the Christians held their meetings
    for prayer at Jerusalem, Acts 12:12: he
    accompanied Paul and Barnabas in their
    missionary labours, but afterwards with-
    drew from the work, Acts 15:36-41: yet
    Paul was reconciled to him, and desired
    him to accompany Timothy on a visit to
    him at Rome, 2 Tim. 4:11.   Mark is
    believed to have accompanied Peter in
    his apostolic work for some time, and
    under his direction to have written his
    Gospel for the Christians of Asia Minor.
  105. MARK, THE GOSPEL OF: this book is
    more concise than the others, while it
    records most of the things narrated by
    Matthew concerning Christ; and it has
    therefore been called "the shortest and
    clearest, the most marvellous, and at the
    same time, the most satisfactory history
    in the world."
      See Commentary.
  106. MARK, an impression, Gen. 4:15; Lev.
    19:28: a sign, 1 Sam. 20:20.
  107. MARK, to observe or notice, Psal.
    48:13; Rom. 16:17.
  108. MARKED, did observe or notice, 1 Sam.
    1:12; Luke 14:7.
  109. MARKET, a public place in a town or
    city, for the purchase and sale of goods,
    Ezek. 27:13.   Divisions of the ancient
    markets, as one side of a square, were
    appropriated for courts of justice, Mark
    12:38; Acts 16:19; for theaters and
    temples, the resort of philosophers and
    strangers, Acts 17:17.
  110. MARRIAGE, a solemn contract, by
    which a
    man and woman are united as
    husband and wife, according to the insti-
    tution of our Creator, Gen. 1:27, 28; 2:
    22, 25; Matt. 22:24-30.
    • Marriage, Counterfeit.   Two sod_mites co- habitating.
      God's word always condemns this as sin
      regardless of what people may say and/or think.
  111. MARRIAGE SUPPER OF THE LAMB:
    this denotes the assembly of all nations
    in Christian fellowship on earth, or of
    the whole congregation of the
    redeemed
    in their being united with their Lord in
    Heaven, Rev. 19:7-9.
  112. MARRIED, did marry, 2 Chron. 13:21;
    Luke 16:27.
  113. MARRIED, united with a man or a
    woman in
    marriage, 1 Cor. 7:10: united
    in sacred bonds, Jer. 3:14: engaged in
    idolatry, Mal. 2:11.
  114. MARROW, the fat substance contained
    in the bones, Job 21:24: hence nutri-
    tious food is said to be full of marrow, to
    denote emblematically the spiritual pro-
    visions of the gospel, Isa. 25:6.
  115. MARRY, to unite as husband and wife,
    Num. 36:6.
  116. MARRYING, uniting in marriage, Neh.
    13:27.
  117. MARSE'NA, [h] (bitterness, or myrrh of
    the bush
    ), one of the chief officers of king
    Ahasuerus, Esth. 1:14.
  118. MARS' HILL, the famous court of justice
    at Athens, Acts 17:19-22.   See AREO-
    PAGUS
    .
  119. MART, a place of public sale, a commer-
    cial city or market for the merchandise of
    nations, Isa. 23:3.
  120. MAR'THA, Μαρθα (who becomes bitter, mis-
    tress
    , or that teaches), a hospitable matron
    of Bethany, who, with her sister Mary,
    and her brother
    Lazarus, was greatly
    beloved by Jesus Christ, John 11:1-5.
    Though on one occasion she received a
    gentle but sympathising rebuke from her
    Saviour, Luke 10:40, 42, Martha was a
    woman of intelligent and exalted piety,
    which was remarkably displayed on the
    occasion of the death of her brother
    Lazarus, John 11:20-27.
  121. MARTYR, a witness; one who bears
    witness to
    religion by his death, Acts
    22:2; Rev. 2:13; 17:6.
  122. MARVEL, a wonder, 2 Cor. 11:14.
  123. MARVEL, to wonder, John 5:20-28;
    Acts 3:12.
  124. MARVELLED, did wonder, Gen. 43:
    33; Luke 2:33; Acts 2:7.
  125. MARVELLOUS, wonderful, Job 5:9;
    Zech. 8:6.
  126. MARVELLOUSLY, wonderfully, 2 Chron.
    26:15.
  127. MA'RY, Μαριαμ (bitterness of the
    sea
    , myrrh of the sea, or mistress of the sea):
    several of this name are mentioned in
    Scripture, viz.--
    1. MARY, the mother of Jesus: she
    was of the royal, but impoverished house
    of David, and betrothed, at an early age,
    to Joseph, of the same family; but while
    yet a virgin, by the miraculous influence
    of the Holy Spirit, she became the mother
    of our blessed Redeemer, Matt. 1:16-25;
    Luke 1:26-38; 2:4-21.   The brief notices
    of the virgin Mary in the New Testa-
    ment evince her piety and wisdom, but
    they give us no information of her death,
    which tradition says was at an extreme
    age
    , with John the Apostle at Ephesus,
    John 19:25, 27.
    2. MARY, the sister of Lazarus: she
    was a woman of elevated piety, which
    was remarkably manifested on several
    occasions, Luke 10:40-42; John 11.; 12:1-3.
    3. MARY MAGDALENE: she seems to
    have resided at Magdala, whence she is
    surnamed, and to have been a person of
    property, as she, with others, "ministered
    to Christ of her substance,"
    Luke 8:
    1-3.   There is no evidence that she was
    the "woman in the city, who was a
    sinner,"
    as some have supposed, Luke
    7:37.   Luke states, that "out of her
    went seven devils,"
    8:2; but no testi-
    mony of Scripture hints that she was a
    person of depraved habits, any more than
    "the young daughter of the Syrophenician
    woman,"
    or the child of the Jew, Mark
    8:24-30; 9:38-42.   Mary Magdalene
    continued one of the most faithful and
    devoted of the disciples of Christ until
    His death, and she was greatly honoured
    by the Saviour, Matt. 27:55-61; 28:
    1-10; John 20:1-18.
    4. MARY, the wife of Cleophas, is sup-
    posed to have been a sister of the mother
    of our Lord, John 19:25: she was the
    mother of James the less, Jude[?], Joses,
    and Salome, and they were called the
    brethren of Christ, Matt. 13:55 ["his brethren,
    James, and Joses, and Simon, and Judas"
    ]; Mark
    6:3 ["the brother of James, and Joses, and of Juda,
    and Simon"
    ]; 15:40.
    5. MARY, the mother of Mark, seems
    to have been a pious woman, as the first
    Christians held their meetings for prayer
    at her house, Acts 12:12.
    6. MARY, of Rome: this was a person
    who was known to the apostle Paul,
    probably a native of Jerusalem, Rom.
    16:6.
  128. MAS'CHIL, [h] (one that instructs), a
    word in the title of several psalms, Psal.
    32: it may have been the name of a
    musical instrument; but it seems to de-
    note an instructive song.
  129. MASH, [h] (he that teaches or takes away),
    a son of
    Aram, Gen. 10:23, called also
    Meshech, 1 Chron. 1:17.
  130. MASONS, builders with stone, 2 Sam.
    5:11; 2 Kings 12:12: their art appears
    to have reached great perfection, so early
    as the times of Solomon.
  131. MAST, the erected pole or beam to
    which the sail of a ship is fixed, Prov.
    23:34; Ezek. 27:5.
  132. MASTER, the ruler of a house, Gen.
    24:10, 51: or of a kingdom, 2 Sam. 2:
    7: the chief of a profession, Dan. 4:9: a
    teacher, 2 Kings 2:3; Mal. 2:12: a pub-
    lic instructor, John 3:10.  
    Christ is our
    Master, as He is our Teacher, Lawgiver,
    and King
    , Matt. 23:8; John 13:13.
  133. MASTER-BUILDER, an inspired teacher,
    as the apostle Paul, 1 Cor. 3:10.
  134. MASTERY, conquest or victory, Exod.
    32:1-8; 2 Tim. 2:5.
  135. MATE, a companion, male or female,
    Isa. 34:15, 16.
  136. MATRIX, the womb, Exod. 13:12.
  137. MAT'TAN, [h] (gift, or death of them), a
    priest of Baal, who was killed before the
    altar of his false god, 2 Kings 11:18.
  138. MATTANI'AH, [h] (gift of the Lord, or
    expectation of God), a name of king Zede-
    kiah, 2 Kings 24:17.   Two others are
    so called, 1 Chron. 25:4-16.
  139. MATTER, business or care, Gen. 24:
    9; Jam. 3:5.
  140. MATTH'EW, Ματθαιος (a gift or reward),
    an evangelist and apostle of Christ: he
    is also called
    LEVI, Matt. 9:9; Luke 5:
    27: his occupation was that of a publi-
    can, or collector of customs, near the sea
    of Tiberias, when Jesus called him to be
    one of his apostles.   Matthew continued
    with Christ till his death, and afterwards
    he exercised his ministry in Judea; and,
    as is supposed, preached the gospel in
    Parthia or Ethiopia, where he suffered
    martyrdom
    .
  141. MATTHEW, THE GOSPEL OF: this in-
    valuable book was written for the use of
    the Jewish Christians; and, as some
    critics
    think, in the Hebrew language
    about A.D. 38, but translated into Greek,
    during the life of Matthew, by himself or
    under his direction.   As a Jew, Matthew
    shows that Christ descended from Abra-
    ham by David, and that he was born at
    Bethlehem, as predicted by the prophet
    Micah.   See Commentary.
  142. MATTHI'AS, Ματθιας (the gift of the Lord),
    the apostle chosen in the place of Judas:
    he had been an attendant from the com-
    mencement on the ministry of Christ,
    and a disciple of established reputation;
    but his apostolic history is not recorded,
    except his election and appointment to
    the office, Acts 1:16-20.
  143. MATTOCK, a kind of pick-axe, used in
    agriculture, 1 Sam. 13:20, 21; Isa. 7:
    25.
  144. MAUL, a heavy hammer, Prov. 25:
    18.
  145. MAW, the stomach of an animal, Deut.
    18:13.
  146. MAY, indicating permission or possi-
    bility in the doing of a thing, 2 Sam. 15:
    20.
  147. MAZZA'ROTH, [h] (the twelve signs), the
    Chaldean name for the signs of the zodiac,
    by which are indicated the revolving
    seasons of the year, Job 38:32.
  148. MEADOW, pasture land well watered,
    suited for the feeding of cattle, Gen. 41:
    2; Judg. 20:33.
  149. MEAL, the flour of bread-corn, Num.
    5:15; Isa. 47:2.
  150. MEAL-TIME, the season for refresh-
    ment by eating, Ruth 2:14.
  151. MEAN, to signify, Exod. 12:26; Deut.
    6:20; Acts 10:17.
  152. MEAN, inferior or despicable, Prov.
    22:29; Acts 21:39.
  153. MEANING, the signification, Dan. 8:
    15; 1 Cor. 14:11.
  154. MEANING, intending, Acts 27:2.
  155. MEANS, manner, Exod. 34:7: or
    instrumentality, Psal. 49:7; Jer. 5:31.
  156. MEANT, intended, Gen. 50:20; Luke 25:
    26.
  157. MEASURE, a standard rule for ascer-
    taining the length, breadth, height, or
    quantity of anything, Deut. 25:14, 15;
    1 Kings 4:22; 5:11: length and breadth,
    as of a curtain, Exod. 26:2: a stinted
    allowance, Ezek. 4:11: a limit, Jer. 51:
    13: a rich proportion, Eph. 4:7, 13, 16.
  158. MEASURE, to find out by a rule the
    extent or quantity of a thing, Num. 25:
    5; Zech. 2:2.
  159. MEASURED, did measure, Ruth 3:15;
    2 Sam. 8:2.
  160. MEASURED, estimated by a measure,
    Isa. 40:12; Hos. 1:10.
  161. MEASURES, standards for measuring,
    as vessels of capacity, Deut. 25:14; or
    rules of length, Ezek. 40:24.   See MEA-
    SURES OF
    LENGTH.

    I.--MEASURES OF LENGTH.

    Yds. Ft. In.

    1. Finger, Jer. 52:21, the Breadth of a
          man's finger . . . . 0 0 0¾
    2. Handbreadth, Exod. 25:25, four
          fingers . . . . . 0 0 3½
    3. Span, Exod. 28:16, three Hand-
          breadths . . . . . 0 0 10½
    4. Cubit, Gen. 6:15, two Spans . 0 1 9
    5. Fathom, Acts 17., four Cubits . 2 1 0

    Yds. Ft. In.

    6. Reed, Ezek. 40:3-5, nearly eleven
          feet, or   . . . . . 3 2 0
    7. Line, Ezek. 40:3, eighty Cubits, or   46 2 0
    8. Furlong, or Greek Stadium, Luke
          24:13   . . . . . 233 0 0
    9. Mile, Matt. 5:4, eight Furlongs . 1864 0 0
    10. Sabbath-day's Journey, Acts 1:12   a Mile.

    II.--LIQUID MEASURES.

    Gals. Qts. Pts.

    1. Log, Lev. 14:10, six egg-shells full   0 0 0¾
    2. Hin, Exod. 29:4   . . . 1 1 0
    3. Bath, 1 Kings 7:26, or Firkin,
          John 2:6 . . . . . 7 2 0
    4. Cor or Homer, Ezek. 45:14; Isa.
          5:10 . . . . . . 75 0 0

    III.--DRY MEASURES.

    1. Pot, or Sextarius, Mark 7.. . 0 0 1½
    2. Cab, 2 Kings 6:25, Chenix, Rev.
          6:6, the measure of corn allowed
          to a slave for a day's food . . 0 1 1
    3. Omer, Exod. 16:36, Tenth-deal,
          29:4, about . . . . 0 3 0
    4. Seah, Matt. 13:33, about . . 2 2 0
    5. Ephah, or Bath, Ezek. 45:11,
          about   . . . . . 7 2 0
    6. Homer, Ezek. 45:11-14; Num. 11:
          32   . . . . . .75 0 0

  162. MEASURING, estimating by a rule, 2
    Cor. 10:12.
  163. MEAT, food, Gen. 1:29; John 4:8:
    animal food, 1 Cor. 8:8-13.   Moses, in
    his laws, distinguishes those animals
    which should be received as clean for
    food by the Israelites, Lev. 11.; Deut. 14.
    The soul-inspiring doctrines of the
    gospel
    are called Meat, because of their saving
    influence on the minds of believers, 1
    Cor. 3:2; Heb. 5:12-14.
  164. MEAT-OFFERING, fine flour, with oil
    and frankincense, or first fruits of corn,
    presented to the priests, part of which
    was consumed on the altar with the
    burnt-offering, Lev. 2.: a portion of fine
    flour was offered with the daily sacrifice
    as a meat-offering, Exod. 29:40; Num.
    15:4-9; 28:5, 8, 12.   See OFFERING.
  165. MEATS, various articles of food, 1 Tim.
    4:3-5.   Abstinence from certain meats
    was sought to be imposed upon the early
    Christians, by the professors of the gospel
    from among the Pharisees, occasioning
    much perplexity; but it was decided by
    the apostles that the Levitical differences
    had been abolished by Christianity, Acts
    10:9-16; 15:23, 29; Rom. 14:1, 14, 17;
    1 Cor. 8:1, 13.
  166. ME'DAD, [h] (he that measures), one of
    the elders of Israel, whom God inspired
    to preach in the camp, and to assist
    Moses in the government of the people,
    Num. 11:24-29.   See ELDAD.
  167. ME'DAN, [h] (judgment or process), a son
    of Abraham by Keturah, Gen. 25:2.
  168. MEDDLE, to interfere or quarrel, 2
    Kings 14:10: to associate, Prov. 20:19.
  169. MEDDLED, officiously interposed, Prov.
    17:14.
  170. MEDDLING, officiously interfering,
    Prov. 20:3.
  171. MEDE, a native of Media, as was king
    Darius, the conqueror of Babylon, Dan.
    11:1.
  172. MEDES, the people of Media, Isa. 13:
    17; Jer. 25:25.
  173. ME'DIA, [h] (measure, habit, or abundance),
    one of the most ancient and fertile king-
    doms of Asia, called by the Hebrews
    Madai, Est. 1:3-14; 10:2; Dan. 8:20.
    See MADAI.   One province of this coun-
    try, on the west of the Caspian sea, the
    Lesser Media, is now called Adserbijam;
    and Greater Media forms the modern
    frak Adjemi, both provinces belonging to
    the kingdom of
    Persia.
  174. MEDIATOR, one that acts between two
    parties to secure friendship, or to effect
    a reconciliation.   Hence
    God appointed
    Moses to act between himself and the
    people of Israel, Exod. 19:17-24; 20:
    19; Gal. 3:19, 20.   Jesus Christ is the
    only Mediator, or peace-maker and in-
    tercessor, between God and man; and by
    His obedience unto death, as the incar-
    nate Son of God, and His sacrifice for
    sin, He has magnified the law of God
    brought in everlasting righteousness, and
    become
    "the author of eternal salvation un-
    to all them that obey him
    [,]" 1 Tim. 2:5; Heb.
    8:6; 9:15.
  175. MEDICINE, a remedy against disease,
    Prov. 17:22; Jer. 46:11.
  176. MEDITATE, piously to reflect or pray,
    Gen. 24:63; Josh. 1:8; 1 Tim. 4:15.
  177. MEDITATION, serious reflection and
    prayer, Psal. 5:1; 19:14.
  178. MEEK, mild in temper and manners,
    Num. 12:3; Matt. 5:5.
  179. MEEKNESS, mildness of temper and
    gentleness of manner, Gal. 5:23; 6:1:
    reverence for the revealed
    truth of God,
    Jam. 1:21.
  180. MEET, suitable as a companion, Gen.
    2:18, 20: worthy as to character, 1 Cor.
    15:9: as to behaviour, Exod. 8:26.
  181. MEET, to come face to face, Gen. 14:
    17; Exod. 4:14: to encounter, Luke 14:
    31.
  182. MEETING, an assembly, Isa. 1:13: an
    interview, 1 Sam. 21:1.
  183. MEGID'DO, [h] (that declares, or his pre-
    cious fruit
    ), a city in the valley of
    Jezreel,
    famous for the victory of Deborah and
    Barak, Judg. 5:19; and for the defeat of
    king Josiah, 2 Kings 23:29, 30.
  184. MEHU-MAN, [h] (who is troubled), chief
    chamberlain to king Ahasuerus, Est. 1:10.
  185. MELCHIS'EDEC, [h] (king of right-
    eousness
    ), the king of Salem in the time
    of Abraham, and though a Canaanite, a
    most exemplary priest of the most high
    God, Gen. 14:18-20.   From what is said
    of Melchisedec in the Epistle to the
    Hebrews, he has been supposed, by dif-
    ferent critics, to have been an angel,
    Enoch, Shem, and even Jesus Christ by
    some; but he seems to have been a
    native prince of Canaan, whose piety
    corresponded with his significant name;
    and his immediate ancestry, his birth
    and death not being registered in the
    genealogies of Israel, he may fitly be
    regarded as a type of the Messiah, whose
    appointment was not according to the
    order of Aaron, whose origin, consecra-
    tion, life, and death, are fully known, but
    made our "great High Priest of the most
    high God after the order of Melchi-
    sedec,"
    Heb. 7:1-28; 8:1, 2.
  186. MELI'TA, [g] (affording honey), an
    island in the Mediterranean sea, between
    Sicily and Africa, now called Malta; it
    is famous as the asylum of the apostle
    Paul after his memorable shipwreck,
    Acts 27:27; 28:1.   Malta contains
    now about 50,000 inhabitants, chiefly
    Roman Catholics, ignorant and degraded;
    but it has been made the seat of scrip-
    tural operations, to benefit the nations
    around the Mediterranean, by mies.
    from England and America.
  187. MELODY, harmonious music, Isa. 23:
    16.
  188. MELONS, the rich fruit of a family of
    plants of the cucumber kind, abounding
    in Egypt, and serving the people, accord-
    ing to their language, for "meat, drink,
    and physic,"
    Num. 11:5.
  189. MELT, to dissolve, or make a hard
    substance become fluid, as silver, Ezek.
    22:22; wax, Psal. 97:5; or snow,
    147:18: to faint, Isa. 13:7.
  190. MELTING, dissolving, as the power of
    a fierce fire, Isa. 64:2.
  191. MEL'ZAR, [h] (dispenser or steward), a
    master or steward over a part of the
    royal domestics in Babylon, Dan. 1:11.
  192. MEMBER, any part of the body, 1 Cor.
    12:14; Jam. 3:5: sensual passions and
    unholy affections, Rom. 6:13-19.   Chris-
    tians, as united in fellowship with Christ,
    are members of the
    churches, 1 Cor. 12:
    27; Eph. 4:23-30.
  193. MEMORIAL, a monument, or thing to
    preserve the memory of an event or
    action, Exod. 28:12-19: a record
    published, Matt. 26:13.
  194. MEMORY, the faculty of the mind by
    which things are remembered, 1 Cor. 15:
    2: the recollection of past occurrences,
    Psal. 109:15.
  195. MEMU'CAN, [h] (impoverished), one of
    the seven counsellers of king Ahasuerus,
    Est. 1:14-21.
  196. MEN'AHEM, [h] (comforter, or who con-
    ducts
    ), a wicked king of Israel, who ob-
    tained the throne by murdering his royal
    master, king Shallum, 2 Kings 15:14-16.
  197. MEND, to repair or rebuild, 2 Chron.
    24:12.
  198. MENDING, repairing, Matt. 4:21.
  199. ME'NE, [h] (he is numbered), one of the
    mysterious words which, written on his
    palace wall, terrified king
    Belshazzar,
    Dan. 5:25.   See UPHARSIN.
  200. MENTION, to tell or report, Isa. 63:
    7.
  201. MENTIONED, reported, 1 Chron. 4:
    38; Ezek. 33:16.
  202. MEPHIB'OSHETH, [h] (out of my mouth
    proceeds reproach
    ), a son of king Saul,
    2 Sam. 21:8, 9.
  203. MEPHIBOSHETH, a son of Jonathan,
    the son of Saul: he was sought out by
    David, and honoured for the sake of his
    father: he exhibited an excellent spirit
    under certain injurious slanders against
    him by his steward Ziba, 2 Sam. 4:4;
    16:4; 19:25.
  204. ME'RAB, [h] (that disputes, or mistress),
    the eldest daughter of king Saul, who
    had promised her as wife to David if he
    should kill Goliath, 1 Sam. 14:49; 18:
    17, 19.
  205. MERA'RI, [h] (bitter, or to provoke), the
    third son of Levi, and head of a great
    family, Exod. 6:19; Num. 3:33-37.
  206. MERCHANDISE, goods bought and sold
    by merchants, Ezek. 27:9-16.
  207. MERCHANTS, dealers in goods of foreign
    countries: those in the early ages were
    accustomed to travel in companies with
    large caravans of camels, conveying the
    productions or manufactures of different
    countries, for exchange or sale, as is now
    the custom in many parts of Asia.   Tyre
    was for ages the most famous emporium
    of trade, receiving the commerce both of
    India and Europe, Gen. 37:28; Ezek.
    27:13-36.
  208. MERCIES, undeserved favours bestowed
    on the needy and miserable, Psal. 103:4.
    God is the "Father of mercies," 2 Cor. 1:
    3; and His mercies are multiplied beyond
    our enumeration, Isa. 63:7.
  209. MERCIFUL, compassionately kind, Gen.
    19:16; Heb. 2:17.
  210. MERCU'RIUS, a fabulous divinity of the
    Romans, so called as presiding over mer-
    chandise, from the Latin word mercari,
    to buy or sell, Acts 14:12.   The Greeks
    call him Έρμης, Hermes, the word which
    is used by Luke, an orator or interpreter;
    and they regarded his as the god of
    eloquence, but he is famous among them
    for lying and deceit.   The same Greek
    word is literally rendered, Rom. 16:14,
    as the name of a Christian at Rome.
  211. MERCY, pity or compassionate of kind-
    ness towards the distressed, Deut. 7:2;
    Dan. 4:27; Luke 10:37.
  212. MERCY OF GOD, is that perfection of
    His nature which inclines Him to pity
    and relieve the miseries of sinful men
    ,
    Exod. 34:6, 7; Psal. 130:7.   Divine
    justice necessarily interferes with the
    exercise of mercy to sinners: but these
    perfections are made to harmonise by
    the
    atonement of Christ, who, by His
    obedience and death
    , has satisfied the
    claims of justice, or made peace, through
    which God can be just, and the justifier
    of every penitent [repentant] believer in Jesus
    , Psal.
    85:10; Rom. 3:25, 26.
  213. MERCY-SEAT, or propitiatory, was the
    lid of the sacred ark of the covenant,
    over which God manifested His glory to
    the interceding priest for blessings to
    Israel, Exod. 25:17-22.   Christ is the
    true propitiatory or mercy-seat for all
    the people, through whom alone we can
    have access to God, and by whom alone
    He can bless sinners: He is therefore
    called the propitiation
    , Rom. 3:25;
    John 2:2; Heb. 9:5-14.
  214. MER'EMOTH, [h] (bitterness, or myrrh
    of death
    ), a priest who returned from
    Babylon, having charge of the sacred
    vessels of the temple, Ezra 8:33.
  215. ME'RES, [h] (watering, or distillation), a
    chief prince in the court of Ahasuerus,
    Est. 1:14.
  216. MER'IB-BAAL, [h] (he that resists
    Baal
    ), a name of Mephibosheth, son of
    Saul, 1 Chron. 8:3; 2 Sam. 9:12.
  217. MERO'DACH, [h] (bitter, or contrition), a
    name of several kings of Babylon, 2 Kings
    25:27; Jer. 50:2.
  218. ME'ROM, [h] (eminences), the higher
    lake of the river Jordan, in the north of
    Galilee, Josh. 11:5: it is reckoned nearly
    four miles wide, and about five and a
    half miles long.
  219. ME'ROZ, [h] (secret or leanness), an
    ancient city of Galilee, near the river
    Kishon, Judg. 5:23.
  220. MERRILY, happily, or with mirth, Eph.
    5:14.
  221. MERRY, gladsome, especially in feast-
    ing, Gen. 43:34; Luke 15:23-29.
  222. ME'SHA, [h] (salvation or saved), a king
    of Moab, infamous for sacrificing his own
    son when his city was besieged by the
    allied army of Israel, Judah, and Edom,
    2 Kings 3:4-27.
  223. ME'SHACH, [h] (that draws with fate),
    the Chaldean name of Mishael, a noble
    youth of Judah, who is famous for his
    piety in Babylon, as one of the com-
    panions of
    Daniel, Dan. 1:6, 7.
  224. MESOPOTA'MIA, [g] (between the
    rivers
    ), Acts 7:2: in Hebrew it is
    [h] Aramnaharim, or Syria of the
    two rivers: it is a fertile province between
    the two rivers Euphrates and Tigris,
    Gen. 24:10.
  225. MESS, a quantity of food sent from
    table, Gen. 43:3; 2 Sam. 11:8.
  226. MESSAGE, an errand or communica-
    tion, Judg. 3:20; 1 John 1:6.
  227. MESSENGER, one who carries a mes-
    sage, Gen. 50:16: an ambassador, 1 Kings
    20:2: a spy, Jam. 2:25; Num. 22:5: a
    prophet or inspired teacher, Job 33:
    23.   Christian pastors are messengers of
    the
    churches, as their delegates to sister
    churches, 2 Cor. 8:23.
  228. MESSENGER OF THE COVENANT, a title
    of Christ, as He came from the Father to
    earth, declaring the message of eternal
    mercy to men
    , Mal. 3:1.
  229. MESSI'AH, משיח (the anointed): the
    Hebrew designation of our
    Saviour, as
    Christ is in Greek
    , Dan. 9:25, 26; John
    1:41.   See CHRIST.
  230. MESSI'AS, Μεσσιας, the same as Messiah
    in Hebrew, but with the Greek form of
    ending the word
    , John 4:25.
  231. MET, did meet, Gen. 32:1.
  232. METE, to measure, Exod. 16:18.
  233. METED, measured, Isa. 40:[12].
  234. METE-YARD, a measure of length, Lev.
    19:35.
  235. ME'THEG-AM'MAH, [h] (the bridle
    of bondage
    ), a strong city of the Philis-
    tines, supposed to be Gath, 2 Sam. 8:1.
  236. METHU'SELAH, [h] (he has sent his
    death
    ), the oldest of mankind mentioned
    in history, Gen. 5:21-27.
  237. MI'CAH, [h] (poor or humble, who is
    struck
    ), a prophet of Judah, contemporary
    with
    Isaiah, Mic. 1:1.
  238. MICAH, THE BOOK OF: this is regarded
    as the most important single
    prophecy
    in the Old Testament, declaring the
    birth-place, personal character, and king-
    dom of Messiah
    , Mic. 4:1-6; 5:1-4.  
    See Commentary.
  239. MICAH, a noted idolator of Mount
    Ephraim in the time of the judges, Judg.
    17.; 18.
  240. MICAI'AH, [h] (poor or humble), a
    faithful prophet of Israel, a reprover of
    king
    Ahab, 1 Kings 20:35-43.
  241. MICE, small, destructive animals,
    abounding in most countries, 1 Sam. 6:
    4-6.   See MOUSE.
  242. MI'CHAEL, [h] (who is like God?), the
    archangel, Jude 9: a chief of the angels,
    Rev. 12:7: he is believed to be the same
    whom Daniel calls "one of the chief
    princes,"
    and "the great prince," Dan.
    10:13; 12:1.
  243. MICHAEL, the name of the father of
    one of the spies, Num. 13:13.
  244. MICHAEL, a son of king Jehoshaphat,
    and who was killed by his brother, king
    Jehoram, 2 Chron. 21:2.
  245. MI'CHAL, [h] (who is perfect?), a daughter
    of king Saul, and wife of
    David: her his-
    tory is instructive, though there is no
    evidence of her piety, 1 Sam. 18:20.
  246. MICH'MASH, [h] (he that strikes), a
    city of Benjamin, famous for the defeat
    of the Philistines by king Saul, 1 Sam.
    13:2-23; 14:5-31.
  247. MID-DAY, noon, meridian, Neh. 8:3.
  248. MIDDLE, the part in the centre, Judg.
    16:29.
  249. MIDDLEMOST, being in the centre,
    Ezek. 42:5.
  250. MID'IAN, [h] (judgment or measure), a
    son of
    Abraham by Keturah, Gen. 25:2.
  251. MIDIAN, THE COUNTRY OF: this was
    situated near the eastern branch of the
    Red sea, in Arabia: it included part of
    the district of
    Sinai, and was celebrated
    for its camels and dromedaries, Exod.
    2:15; 3:1; Isa. 60:6.
  252. MID'IANITES, the descendants of Mi-
    dian, a numerous people, who, for a
    while at least, retained the true religion,
    one of their priests being
    Jethro, the
    father-in-law of Moses, Exod. 2:15:
    these people dwelt near the Red sea, in
    Arabia, and were called Ethiopians or
    Cushites, Num. 12:1.   Several tribes of
    this people dwelt further north, and
    became corrupt idolators, and a snare
    to Israel under the counsel of Balaam,
    Num. 22:4-15; 25:15; 31:3-8.
  253. MIDNIGHT, the depth of night, Exod.
    11:4; Acts 16:25.
  254. MIDST, the centre, Gen. 1:6: the
    depth, Exod. 14:27-29: in a throng,
    Luke 4:30: in public, Deut. 13:5:
    well known, Deut. 18:15.
  255. MIDWIFE, a woman who assists women
    in childbirth, Gen. 35:17; Exod. 1:16.
  256. MIG'DOL, [h] (a tower), an Egyptian
    town and fortress near the Red sea,
    Exod. 14:2.
  257. MIGHT, power, Num. 14:13: glory,
    Est. 10:2: the eldest son, as the honour
    of a father, Gen. 49:3.
  258. MIGHTIER, more powerful, Gen. 26:
    16: more worthy or honourable, Matt.
    3:11.
  259. MIGHTIES, powerful warriors, 1 Chron.
    11:12, 19.
  260. MIGHTILY, powerfully, Deut. 6:3:
    grievously, Judg. 4:3.
  261. MIGHTY, powerful, as the chief of a
    patriarchal family, Gen. 23:6: as a
    nation, Jer. 5:15: as an angel, Rev. 10:
    1.   God is emphatically the MIGHTY ONE,
    Isa. 1:24.
  262. MIL'CAH, [h] (queen), the wife of Na-
    hor, and niece of Abraham, Gen. 11:29;
    22:20.
  263. MILCH, the state of giving milk, Gen.
    32:15.
  264. MIL'COM, [h] (their king), the idol Mo-
    lech, 1 Kings 11:5, 7, 33.   See
    MOLECH.
  265. MILDEW, a disease in plants, caused
    by the growth of a pernicious vegetation,
    whose development is in some cases
    favoured by warm and moist winds:
    hence "blasting and mildew" were
    threatened as the Divine judgments upon
    a wicked people, Deut. 28:22; Amos
    4:9.
  266. MILE, a measure of eight furlongs, or
    1866 yards Hebrew, or 1760 English,
    Matt. 5:41.
  267. MILE'TUM or MILETUS, [g] (red
    or scarlet), a seaport of Asia Minor, and
    capital of Caria, about thirty-six miles
    from Ephesus, Acts 20:15-17; 2 Tim. 4:
    20.   Christianity was professed here for
    several centuries, until the place was
    ravaged by the Saracens; and now it is
    occupied only by a few shepherds, and
    called by the Turks Melas.
  268. MILK, a nutritious liquid furnished
    for the young of animals, and in abund-
    ance by cows, Gen. 18:8; Isa. 7:22:
    plain and easy
    doctrines, 1 Cor. 3:2;
    Heb. 5:12.   "Land flowing with milk
    and honey,"
    denotes a country of extra-
    ordinary fertility, Josh. 5:6.
  269. MILL, a machine for grinding corn,
    Num. 11:8; Jer. 25:10.
  270. MILLET, an inferior kind of grain,
    Ezek. 4:9.
  271. MILLION, a thousand thousands, Gen.
    24:60.
  272. MIL'LO, [h] (fulness), a person of some
    note residing near Shechem, Judg. 9:6-20.
  273. MILLO, a royal building in Jerusalem,
    2 Sam. 5:9.   It is supposed to have
    been originally a deep ditch between
    the fort of Jebus and the city, but was
    filled up partly by David, and partly by
    Solomon, 1 Kings 9:15-24; 11:27, and
    that thus it greatly extended the citadel,
    which, with a senate-house adjoining,
    was called the "house of Millo," 2 Kings
    12:20.
  274. MILLSTONE, a grinding-stone, as for
    the grinding of corn, Isa. 47:2.
  275. MINCING, behaving immodestly in
    walking, Isa. 3:16.
  276. MIND, the human spirit or reasoning
    faculty, Gen. 26:35; Isa. 22:3; Rom.
    1:28: the memory, Psal. 31:12: the
    will, 1 Pet. 5:2: the affections, Acts
    17:17: the intention, Prov. 21:27:
    opinion or sentiment, Rom. 16:6; 2
    Thess. 2:2. "The mind of the Lord,"
    denotes the deep purposes of God, 1 Cor.
    2:16.   "The mind of Christ," is an ex-
    perimental knowledge of the gracious
    will of God in the gospel, influencing
    the believer in holiness, 1 Cor. 2:16.
  277. MIND, to regard with attention, Rom.
    8:5.
  278. MINDED, inclined in mind, Ruth 1:18.
  279. MINDFUL, full of kindly regard, Psal.
    8:4.
  280. MINDING, intending, Acts 20:13.
  281. MINDS, the faculties of the soul, Phil.
    4:7: sentiments or opinions, Judg. 19:
    30; Acts 28:6.
  282. MINE, my own, Exod. 19:5; Josh.
    16:14, 15.
  283. MINGLE, to mix, Isa. 5:22: to unite
    with, Dan. 2:43.
  284. MINGLED, mixed, Exod. 9:24; Lev.
    19:19; Mark 15:23.
  285. MINISH, to lessen in quantity, Exod.
    5:19.
  286. MINISHED, weakened, Psal. 107:39.
  287. MINISTER, an official attendant, Exod.
    24:13, especially in the services of
    religion, Luke 4:20: a magistrate, Rom.
    13:4-6: a
    preacher of the gospel, Luke
    1:2; Acts 26:16: a pastor of a [real] Chris-
    tian church, Col. 1:7.   Christ was a
    minister of the circumcision, as His com-
    mission regarded the people of Israel
    ,
    Rom. 15:8.
  288. MINISTER, to serve in an office, as a
    priest [O.T.], Exod. 28:1, 31 ; as an angel,
    Heb. 1:14; as a preacher, 1 Pet. 1:12:
    to relieve, Acts 24:20.
  289. MINISTERED, did minister, Num. 3:
    4: did contribute, as relief, 2 Tim. 1:18:
    did
    preach and pray, Acts 13:2.
  290. MINISTERING, serving in office, Heb.
    10:11: contributing means of support, and
    affording needful relief, Matt. 27:55.
  291. MINISTRATION, a service, Luke 1:23:
    distribution of alms, Acts 6:1; 2 Cor.
    9:13:
    preaching divine doctrine: hence
    the preaching of the law of God, as the
    "ministration of death," or condemna-
    tion, is contrasted with that of the gos-
    pel, as the "ministration of the Spirit
    and of life,"
    for pardon and salvation,
    2 Cor. 3:7-9.
  292. MINISTRY, official service, as of the
    tabernacle, Num. 4:12, 47; or of the
    temple, 2 Chron. 7:6; or that of Christ,
    Heb. 8:6; or of the
    preachers of the
    gospel, Acts 6:4; Eph. 4:12.
  293. MINISTRY OF CHRIST: our Saviour's
    ministry includes His whole work of
    human redemption
    , Heb. 8:6; but the
    following list of the remarkable dis-
    courses of
    Christ will illustrate His wis-
    dom and His doctrine
    :--

    DISCOURSES.
    PLACE.
    RECORD.
    Conversation with NicodemusJerusalemJohn 3:1-21.
    " " the Samaritan womanSycharJohn 4:1-42.
    Discourse in the synagogueNazarethLuke 4:16-31.
    Sermon on the mountNear NazarethMatt. 5. 6. 7.
    Ordination charge to the apostlesGalileeMatt. 10.
    Denunciations against ChorazinGalileeMatt. 11:20-24.
    Discourse concerning healing the infirm man at BethesdaJerusalem . .John 5.
    " " His disciples plucking ears of corn}
       on the sabbath }
    JudeaMatt. 12:1-8.
    Refutation of the charge, of his working miracles by}
       the agency of Beelzebub }
    CapernaumMatt. 12:22-37.
    Discourse on the bread of lifeCapernaumJohn 6.
    " concerning internal purityCapernaum . .Matt. 15:1-20.
    " against giving or taking offence and forgiving}
       of injuries }
    Capernaum . .Matt. 18.
    " at the feast of tabernaclesJerusalem . . .John 7.
    " on occasion of the adulteressJerusalem . .John 8:1-11.
    " concerning the sheepJerusalem . . .John 10.
    Denunciation against the scribes and PhariseesPeræa . . . .Luke 11:37- 45.
    Discourse on humility and prudenceGalilee . . . .Luke 14:7-14.
    Directions how to attain HeavenPeræa . . . .Matt. 19:16-30.
    Discourse on the sufferings of ChristJerusalem . . .Matt. 20:17-19.
    Denunciations against the PhariseesJerusalem . .Matt. 23.
    Predictions of the ruin of JerusalemJerusalem . . .Matt. 24.
    Discourse of consolationJerusalem . .John 14.-16.
    " on the way to GethsemaneJerusalem . . .Matt. 26:31-36.
    " with Peter after His resurrectionGalilee . . . .John 21:5-22.
    " with His disciples before His ascensionMount OlivetLuke 24:50-53.

  294. MIN'NI, [h] (prepared), an ancient king-
    dom in Armenia, in alliance with the
    Medes against Babylon, Jer. 51:27.
  295. MIN'NITH, [h] (counted or prepared),
    a city of the Ammonites, Judg. 11:33:
    it was in a fertile district of country,
    and its wheat was famous as an article
    of commerce, Ezek. 27:17.
  296. MINSTREL, a musician, 2 Kings 3:
    16.   Singing-women were a kind of min-
    strels, attending funerals for hire, Matt.
    9:23; Jer. 9:17.
  297. MINT, a genus of well-known aromatic
    herbs, Matt. 23:23.
  298. MIRACLE, a work beyond human
    power, or the operation of nature, Exod.
    7:9.   Miracles have been wrought only
    in confirmation of the ministry of the
    servants of God, Deut. 11:3; 29:3.
    Moses, Joshua, and Elijah, were greatly
    honoured by the interposition of God,
    confirming their ministry.   Jesus Christ
    wrought many miracles in confirmation
    of His claims as the Son of God and the
    promised Messiah
    , John 12:37; and
    endowed His apostles and first ministers
    with similar powers, Acts 6:8; 19:11;
    1 Cor. 12:10.
    • Miracle, supernatural.
  299. MIRACLES OF CHRIST: our Saviour's
    miracles were exceedingly numerous, va-
    rious, and benevolent in their character
    ,
    but only a very small number of them
    are specifically mentioned.   The follow-
    ing is, therefore, only a list of those
    more particularly noted of the miracles
    of Christ
    :--

    MIRACLES.
    PLACE.
    RECORD.
    Water turned into wine [grape juice]Cana . . . .John 2:1-11.
    The Capernaum nobleman's son curedCana . . . . .John 4:46-54.
    Surprising draught of fishesSea of Galilee .Luke 5:1-11.
    Demoniac curedCapernaum . .Mark 1:22-28.
    Peter's mother-in-law healedCapernaum . .Mark 1:30, 31.
    Leper healedCapernaum . .Mark 1:40-45.
    Centurion's servant healedCapernaum . .Matt. 8:5-13.
    Widow's son raised from the deadNain . . . . .Luke 7:11-17.
    Tempest calmedSea of Galilee .Matt. 8:23-27.
    Demoniacs of Gadara curedGadara . . . .Matt. 8:28-34.
    Man sick of the palsy curedCapernaum . .Matt. 9:1-8.

    MIRACLES.
    PLACES.
    RECORD.
    Jairus's daughter raised to lifeCapernaum . .Matt. 9:18-26.
    Sight restored to two blind menCapernaum . .Matt. 9:27-31.
    Dumb demoniac curedCapernaum . .Matt. 9:32, 33.
    Woman diseased with issue of blood healedCapernaum . .Luke 8:43-48.
    Diseased cripple at Bethesda curedJerusalem . . .John 5:1-9.
    Man with a withered hand curedJudea . . . .Matt. 12:10-13.
    Demoniac curedCapernaum . .Matt. 12:22, 23.
    Five thousand fedDecapolis . . .Matt. 14:15-21.
    Canaanite woman's daughter curedNear Tyre . .Matt. 15:23-28.
    Man deaf and dumb curedDecapolis . . .Mark 7:31-37.
    Four thousand fedDecapolis . . .Matt. 15:32-39.
    Blind man restored to sightBethsaida . . .Mark 8:22-26.
    Boy possessed of a devil curedTabor . . . .Matt. 17:14-21.
    Man born blind restored to sightJerusalem . . .John 9.
    Woman of eighteen years' infirmity curedGalilee . . . .Luke 13:11-17.
    Dropsical man curedGalilee . . . .Luke 14:1-6.
    Ten lepers cleansedSamaria . . .Luke 17:11-19.
    Lazarus raised from the grave to lifeBethany . . .John 11.
    Two blind men restored to sightJericho . . .Matt. 20:30-34.
    Fig-tree blastedOlivet . . . .Matt. 21:18-21.
    The ear of Malchus healedGethsemane . Luke 22:50, 51.
    Wondrous draught of fishesSea of Galilee .John 21:1-14.

  300. MIRE, mud, Job 8:11: disease, 30:
    19.
  301. MIR'IAM, [h] (exa.ed, myrrh of the sea,
    or mistress of the sea), the sister of
    Moses
    and Aaron, Num. 26:59.   Miriam is
    honoured with the title of prophetess,
    Exod. 15:20; and in being associated
    with Moses and Aaron in the leading of
    Israel to Canaan, Mic. 5:4: the notices
    of her life are instructive, Num. 12:1-15;
    and, supposing her to have been ten
    years old when Moses was born, Exod.
    2:4-7, she must have been nearly one
    hundred and thirty years of age at her
    death, in the last year of Israel in the
    wilderness, Num. 20:1.
  302. MIRTH, gladness, as at feasting, Gen.
    31:27.
  303. MIRY, composed of mud, Ezek. 47:
    11.
  304. MISCARRYING, failing, Hos. 9:14.
  305. MISCHIEF, evil or injury, Gen. 42:4;
    Acts 13:10.
  306. MISCHIEVOUS, injurious, Eccles. 10:13.
  307. MISERABLE, wretched, calamitous, Job
    16:2.
  308. MISERABLY, sorrowfully, Matt. 21:41.
  309. MISERIES, calamities, Lam. 1:7.
  310. MISERY, calamity, Job 3:20.
  311. MISH'AEL, [h] (who is asked for, or
    God takes away), one of the three Hebrew
    confessors in Babylon, Dan. 1:7; 2:17.
  312. MISS, to fail, Judg. 20:16: to perceive
    wanting, 1 Sam. 20:6.
  313. MISSED, did miss or lose, 25:15-21.
  314. MISSING, wanting, 1 Kings 20:39.
    • Missionaries = Mies.
    • Missionary = My.
  315. MIST, a fog, Gen. 2:6: darkness, Acts
    13:11.
  316. MISTRESS, a female head of a family,
    1 Kings 17:17.   "[M]istress of witch-
    crafts"
    is a chief of idolatry, Nah. 3:4.
  317. MISUSED, persecuted and injured, 2
    Chron. 36:16.
  318. MITE, the smallest Jewish coin, Mark
    12:4.   See
    MONEY.
  319. MITRE, the sacred cap or linen bonnet
    in the dress of a priest, Exod. 28:4,
    39; Lev. 8:9.
  320. MITYLE'NE, [g] (purity or cleans-
    ing
    ), the capital city of the isle of Les-
    bos, in the Mediterranean, Acts 20:14.
  321. MIXED, mingled, as various people,
    Exod. 12:38; as silver and dross, Isa. 1:
    22; as iron with clay, Dan. 2:41.
  322. MIXTURE, a mingled mass, as of spices,
    John 19:39: an intoxicating drink, Psal.
    75:8.
  323. MI'ZAR, [h] (little), a hill of Judah,
    Psal. 42:6.
  324. MIZ'PAH, [h] (a sentinel or speculation),
    a city of Judah, 1 Kings 15:22.
  325. MIZ'PEH or MIZPAH, some think the
    same city, famous for being the residence
    of Samuel, 1 Sam. 7:5, 6; 10:17.
  326. MIZPEH, a district near mount Her-
    mon, Josh. 11:3.
  327. MIZPEH, a city of Moab, 1 Sam. 22:3.
  328. MIZ'RAIM, [h] (tribulations), a grand-
    son of
    Noah, Gen. 10:6, and head of
    several people, particularly the nation of
    Egypt, the Hebrew name of which is
    Mizraim.   See EGYPT.

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