Bible Dictionary: M. 1840
, Mal. 3:1.
- MA'ACAH, [h] (to squeeze), the daughter
of king Talmai, wife of king David, and
mother of Absalom, 2 Sam. 3:3.
- MAACAH, a Syrian king in the time of
David, 2 Sam. 10:6.
- MAACAH, a city of Syria near the source
of the Jordan, 2 Sam. 10:8.
- MAACHAH or MAACAH, a son of Nahor,
- MAACHAH or MAACAH, the wife of king
Rehoboam, 1 Kings 14:3; 15:2.
- MAACH'ATHI, the people of Maacah
in Syria, Deut. 3:14; 2 Sam. 10:6-8.
- MAACH'ATHITES, the people of Maacah,
- MAASEI'AH, [h] (work of the Lord), a
nobleman of Judah, who aided in es-
tablishing king Josiah on the throne,
2 Chron 23:1.
- MAASEIAH, a son of king Ahaz, assassi-
nated by Zichri, 2 Chron. 28:7.
- MACEDO'NIA, [g] (elevated or emi-
nent), northern Greece, 2 Cor. 9:2,
peopled originally by the descendants of
Javan, Gen. 10:4, 5: it is bounded on the
north by the mountains of Haemus, on
the south by Thessaly and Epirus, on
the west by the Adriatic sea, and on
the east by Thrace and the Egean sea.
Macedonia was the country of king
Philip, and of his famous son Alexander
the Great, who made it the head of one
of the most powerful monarchies of
antiquity: it was at length taken about
the year B.C. 184, by the Romans; and
when the empire was divided, it fell to
the share of the emperor of the east; it
was conquered by the Ottoman Turks,
with Constantinople, and it now forms a
province of Turkey. Christianity was
published in Macedonia by the apostle
Paul, under the direction of a heavenly
vision, Acts 16:9-12: and several flou-
rishing churches arose in Philippi, in
Thessalonica its capital, perhaps at Berea,
and other places distinguished for their
zeal and liberality in promoting the gos-
pel of Christ, 2 Cor. 8:1; 1 Thess. 1:8.
- MA'CHIR, [h] (he that sells, or knows) a
son of Manasseh, and grandson of Joseph,
Gen. 50:23; Num. 26:29.
- MACHIR, a friend of king Saul, and
foster-father of Mephibosheth, son of
Jonathan, 2 Sam. 4:4-9.
- MACHPE'LAH, [h] (double), a field
near Hebron, famous for the cave which
was the burying-place of Abraham, Isaac,
and Jacob, Gen. 23:9-19; 49:30, 31.
Over the cave there is a noble structure,
said to have been built by Helena, mother
of Constantine the Great, for a Christian
church; but it is now used as a mosque
by the Moh_mm_dans.
- MAD, deprived of reason, Deut. 28:
34, as David pretended to be at Gath,
1 Sam. 21:13, 14: furious, 2 Kings 9:
11, as Paul had been in persecuting the
Christians, Acts 26:11.
- MA'DAI, [h] (measure, covering, or clothed),
a son of Japhet, and the supposed pro-
genitor of the Medes, Gen. 10:2.
- MADE, did make or form, as God formed
or made His various works after creating
the heavens and the earth, Gen. 1:7-16:
appointed, as a person to an office, Exod.
2:14; 1 Sam. 8:1: did work, or prepare
by labour, Eccles. 2:4, 5: did cause to
be, by any means, Gen. 21:6; 45:8:
did pretend, Josh. 8:15; 9:4.
- MADE, appointed, Mark 2:27: con-
stituted, Heb. 5:5: brought into a state,
Luke 23:12: united with, John 1:14.
- MADNESS, distraction, insanity, Deut.
28:28: fury, Luke 6:11: irrational
conduct, 2 Pet. 2:16.
- MAG'DALA, [g] (tower or greatness,
elevated or magnificent), a town on the lake
Gennesareth, Matt. 15:39.
- MAGDALE'NE, [g]: one named
Mary, was surnamed from her having
lived in the town of Magdala, Matt.
27:56. See MARY MAGDALENE.
- MAG'DIEL, [h] (who proclaims God),
a prince of the Idumeans, Gen. 36:
- MAGICIAN, a title given to wise men,
priests, and philosophers, in Persia, Dan.
- MAGICIANS, wise men and sorcerers of
Egypt, Gen. 41:8-28; Exod. 7:11; 8:
19, and of Chaldea, Dan. 1:20. They
were the learned men in the East, who
professed the knowledge of future events
by the science of astrology, and were
therefore consulted by kings, whom they
served as instruments of their despotism,
Dan. 2:2; 4:7-9. See WISE MEN.
- MAGISTRATE, a civil ruler, appointed
for the administration of justice in a city
or country, Judg. 18:7; Ezra 7:25.
- MAGNIFICAL, grand or splendid, 1
- MAGNIFICENCE, grandeur in appear-
ance, Acts 19:27.
- MAGNIFIED, did magnify, or render
honourable, Josh. 4:4; 1 Chron. 29:
- MAGNIFIED, made great, Gen. 19:19:
made honourable, Acts 19:17.
- MAGNIFY, to make great, as God mag-
nified and honoured Joshua, Josh. 3:7;
4:14: to declare great, as men do in
praising God, Psal. 34:3; Acts 10:46.
- MA'GOG, [h] (roof, or that covers, or dis-
solves), a son of Japheth, and progenitor
of the Scythians or Tartars, Gen. 10:2.
- Magog. Tartars are possibly Russians. See Ministry.
- MA'GOR-MIS'SABIB, [h] (fear round
about), the name by Jeremiah to an
infidel priest, Pashur, a false prophet,
who barbarously treated him on account
of his foretelling the captivity of the
Jews in Babylon, Jer. 20:[1-6].
- MAHALALE'EL, [h] (he that praises
God), one of the antediluvian patriarchs,
Gen. 5:12, 17.
- MAHA'LATH, [h] (melodious song, or
infirmity), wife of Esau, Gen. 28:9.
- MAHALATH, wife of Rehoboam, king
of Judah, 2 Chron. 11:18.
- MAHANA'IM, [h] (the two fields, or two
armies), a city east of the Jordan, the
place being so called by Jacob, on account
of his vision of angels, Gen. 32:2;
- MA'HER-SHA'LAL-HASH'-BAZ, [h]
(making speed to the spoil), the name
divinely given to a son of the prophet
Isaiah, intimating the speedy ruin of
Damascus, Isa. 8:1-3.
- MAH'LON, [h] (song, or infirmity), the
first husband of Ruth, Ruth 1:2-4; 4:5.
- MA'HOL, [h] (song, choir, or infirmity),
father of the celebrated Ethan, Heman,
Chalcol, and Darda, 1 Kings 4:31.
- MAID or MAIDEN, a woman- servant,
Exod. 2:5; Gen. 30:18: a virgin,
Esth. 2:7; Luke 8:51.
- MAID-SERVANT, a female domestic,
- MAIL, a coat of plaited leather or metal
net-work, worn for defence, 1 Sam. 17:5.
- MAIMED, wounded or injured, Lev. 5:
22; Matt. 15:30.
- MAINSAIL, the chief sail belonging to
the main-mast of a ship, Acts 27:40.
- MAINTAIN, to defend or preserve, 1
Kings 8:45: to practise, Tit. 3:8, 14.
- MAINTAINED, supported or preserved,
- MAINTENANCE, allowance for support
or sustenance, Ezra 4:14; Prov. 27:27.
- MAJESTY, royal greatness and dignity
in kings, Esth. 1:4; Dan. 5:18, especially
of Almighty God, 1 Chron. 29:11; Job
37:22; Heb. 1:3.
- MAKE, to form or fashion, as the works
of God, Gen. 1:2, or of man, 11:3: to
compel, Psal. 110:1: to appoint to an
office, Deut. 1:13.
- MAKER, God our Creator, Psal. 95:6:
a workman, Heb. 2:18.
- MAKING, preparing, Eccles. 12:12:
rendering, Mark 7:13.
- MAKKE'DAH, [h], a city of Canaan,
granted to Judah, Josh. 10:10-28; 15:
- MAL'ACHI, [h] (my angel, or my am-
bassador), the last of the inspired prophets
whose writings concluded the canon of
the Old Testament. Malachi was contem-
porary with Nehemiah. He exercised
his ministry about one hundred and
twenty years after the return of the Jews
from Babylon, closing it about the year
four hundred before the advent of Jesus
Christ, Mal. 1:1.
- MALACHI, THE BOOK OF, intimates the
irreligious character of the Jews in the
time of the prophet; for though they
were not guilty of idolatry, but retained
the forms of godliness, they were hypo-
critical, profane, and immoral. Malachi
reproves the wickedness of the people,
invites them to repentance, and predicts
the coming of Messiah, as the Sun of
Righteousness, Matt. 4:2. See Commentary.
- MALCHI'AH, [h] (the Lord is my king,
or the Lord rules me), the keeper of the
prison in Jerusalem, who ill-treated the
prophet Jeremiah, Jer. 38:6.
- MALEHI'AH, a patriotic goldsmith's son,
who built part of the wall of Jerusalem,
- MALCHISHU'A, [h] (my king is a
saviour), a son of king Saul, slain with
his father at Gilboa, 1 Sam. 31:2.
- MAL'CHUS, [g] (king, or kingdom), a
servant of Caiaphus, noted as having his
ear cut off by Peter, Luke 22:51, 52.
- MALE, the he of any species, Exod.
12:5; Num. 1:2-20.
- MALEFACTOR, an offender against law,
a criminal, John 18:30: two such
were crucified with Jesus, Luke 23:
- MALICE, hatred or ill-will, Eph. 4:31.
- MALICIOUS, ill-disposed, malignant,
3 John 10.
- MALICIOUSNESS, malice, evil intention,
- MALIGNITY, settled malice, Rom 1:
- MALLOWS, common medicinal plants,
famous for their emollient properties and
the size and brilliancy of their flowers.
Job is supposed to have meant a species
called by the Greeks Halimus, a saltish
plant, growing commonly on the deserts
and on poor land, and eaten as we eat
greens, by the more wretched inhabitants
in Syria, Job 30:4.
- MAMMON, a Syriac word signifying
wealth. No man can serve God and
Mammon, means, no man, while eagerly
bent on acquiring riches, can love God
and delight in his service, Matt. 6:24.
- MAM'RE, [h] (rebellious, or bitter, or ele-
vated), an Amorite, a friend of Abraham,
- MAMRE, a plain near Hebron, famous
for being the residence of Abraham in
Canaan, Gen. 18:1.
- MAN, a human being, the noblest crea-
ture of God on earth, consisting of a
rational spirit and a material body, pos-
sessing thus a mysterious conjunction of
the angelical and animal natures, Gen. 1:
26; 2:7. Man being thus created in the
image of God in righteousness and true
holiness, was constituted by his Maker
lord of all creatures on earth and in the
sea, accountable for all the actions of his
life, and for the disposition of his heart
towards his Creator. Disobedience to
his holy law, however, brought guilt,
misery, and mortality upon the offender
and all his posterity, from which there is
no recovery but by the mediation of
Christ, the second man, the Lord from
heaven, Rom. 5:12-15; 1 Cor. 15:21-47.
The outward man means the body: the
inward, or inner man, intends the spirit,
2 Cor. 4:16: the natural man is an
ungodly, sensual person, even though
learned in worldly wisdom, 1 Cor. 2:14:
the old man means our unholy affections,
Rom. 6:6; Col. 3:9: the new man is
the renewed and sanctified mind, Eph.
4:24; Col. 3:10.
- Man, the new creature. See Tract.
- MANA'EN, [g] (comforter), an [im-
portant] teacher or prophet in the Christian
church at Antioch: he had been educated
with Herod Antipas, but was called by
Christ, and, as some suppose, was one of
the seventy evangelists, Acts 13:11.
- MANAS'SEH [h] (forgetfulness, or he
that is forgotten), the eldest son of Joseph,
and so called, as an expression of grati-
tude to God, for his goodness in causing
him to forget the unkindness of his
brethren, Gen. 41:5; 48:32.
- MANASSEH, THE TRIBE OF: this be-
came a numerous tribe, as predicted by
Jacob, Gen. 48:20; Deut. 33:17:
it was divided in its settlement in Canaan,
one part on the east of Jordan, and the
other on the west of the country reaching
to the Mediterranean, Josh. 16. 17.
- MANASSEH, son of king Hezekiah, and
at twelve years of age his successor on
the throne of Judah, was extraordinarily
impious and wicked, exceeding, in his
idolatry and cruelty, the very heathen:
he burnt one of his own sons as a sacri-
fice to the idol Molech, and barbarously
murdered, as is believed, the prophet
Isaiah, filling Jerusalem with innocent
blood, 2 Kings 21:1-18. Provoked by
his crimes, God gave him into the hands
of the king of Assyria, who put him in
chains and imprisoned him in Babylon,
where he humbled himself greatly, and
then obtained mercy from God, who
wrought deliverance for him and restored
him to his throne. Manasseh laboured,
for the last thirty years of his life, to
repair the evils which he had done to his
kingdom by his former wickedness, and
died after a reign of fifty-five years, 2
Chron. 33:1, 20.
- MANASSEH, the name of two Jews
returned from captivity in Babylon,
Ezra 10:30, 33.
- MANDRAKE, supposed to be the Atropa
Mandragora, a narcotic plant resembling
the beet in its root, and the potato in its
flowers and fruit: this plant was in high
estimation among the ancients; its vir-
tues are extolled by the Arabs, the
Greeks, and the Romans, for recovering
the spirits of the dejected, and for ren-
dering barren women fruitful, Gen. 30:
14, 16; Song 7:13
- MANEH, a Hebrew weight of sixty
shekels, Ezek. 45:12. See WEIGHTS.
- MANGER, a trough out of which beasts
eat their corn, Luke 2:7, 12.
- MANIFEST, to make plainly visible,
John 15:21, 22.
- MANIFEST, clearly visible, Acts 4:16;
Gal. 5:19: made publicly known, 1 Tim.
3:9: fully revealed, 3:16.
- MANIFESTATION, a public discovery,
Rom. 8:19: a full exhibition, 1 Cor.
- MANIFESTED, did make public or evi-
dent, John 2:11.
- MANIFESTED, publicly exhibited, 1
- MANIFESTLY, clearly, openly, 1 Cor.
- MANIFOLD, multiplied in manner, or
many in number, Neh. 9:19; 1 Pet.
- MANKIND, man, Lev. 18:22: the
species of man, Job 12:10.
- MANNA, a nutritious provision of food,
which God miraculously supplied daily
to the Israelites, during forty years in
the wilderness of Arabia. Reckoning
the people at only 1,000,000, and the
omer for each at three quarts, the quan-
tity consumed each day amounted to
93,750 bushels; and to 1,368,750,000
bushels in the forty years! Everything
relating to the nature, the origin, the
continuance, and the termination of this
supply, was miraculous, Exod. 16:15,
33, 35; Num. 11:6-9; John 5:31. Arabia
now furnishes, in rainy seasons, a small
quantity of a gum or juice, dropping from
the tafa or tamarisk tree, greatly resem-
bling the food of the Israelites; the
annual produce is reckoned at about 500
or 600 pounds weight: some eat it, but it
is chiefly used as a medicine, under the
name of Manna. To eat of the hidden
manna, as promised by Christ, is to be
made a partaker of the enjoyments of
heaven, Rev. 2:17.
- MANNER, custom, Ruth 4:7: service
or worship, 2 Kings 18:26, 27: sort or
order, Exod. 12:16.
- MANO'AH, [h] (rest or present), the
father of Samson. Manoah appears to
have been a true worshipper of God,
but his wife appears to have surpassed
him both in piety and wisdom, Judg.
13. See SAMSON.
- MANSIONS, noble habitations: such are
provided for the redeemed in the king-
dom of God, John 14:2
- MANSLAYER, a person who has killed
a human being: such a one, in the land
of Israel, might seek an asylum in one
of the cities of refuge, of which six were
appointed for that purpose, Num. 35:
6-12. There he might dwell until he
could be brought to trial, or until the
death of the high-priest: this was a pecu-
liarly wise ordinance in that age, when
the law of retaliation almost universally
- MANTLE, a kind of cloak, 1 Kings
19:13-19; Job 1:20; 2:12.
- MANY, a great number, Judg. 9:40:
as all mankind, or all the redeemed, Rom.
5:16-19: all who perish, Matt. 7:13:
often repeated, Psal. 78:38: a long
period, Hos. 3:4.
- MA'ON, [h] (house or habitation), a
city of Judah, Josh. 15:55: it had a
desert or wilderness near it, 1 Sam.
- MAR, to disfigure, Lev. 19:27: to
spoil, 1 Sam. 6:5.
- MA'RAH, [h] (bitterness), the name of a
place in Arabia, at which the Israelites
encamped, so called on account of the
bitterness of its water, Exod. 15:23.
- MARAH, a name assumed by the widow
of Naomi, because of her bereavements
in the land of Moab, Ruth 1:20.
- MA'RAN-ATH'A, Μαραν αθα (the Lord
comes): this compound Syriac word, with
Anathema, a curse, is used in a most
solemn manner by the apostle, to indicate
the awful perdition of infidel aliens from
Christ, 1 Cor. 16:22.
- MARBLE, fine-grained stone of various
colours, which takes a beautiful polish,
and is used for pillars and other orna-
ments in sumptuous buildings, 1 Chron.
29:2; Esth. 1:6.
- MARCH, to proceed in ranks, as soldiers
to the battle, Jer. 46:22.
- MARCHED, did march, as an army,
- MAR'CUS, the Latin form of Mark.
- MARE'SHAH, [h] (from the head, or
from the beginning), a city of Judah, famous
for the victory over the Ethiopians by
Asa, king of Judah, 2 Chron. 14:9;
- MARINERS, seamen, those occupied at
sea, Ezek. 27:8-29; Jon. 1:5.
- MARISHES, boggy plots of land, Ezek.
- MARK, Μαρκος (polite, or shining), the
evangelist so named is believed to have
been the nephew of Barnabas, Col. 4:
10, son of Mary, a pious woman, in whose
house the Christians held their meetings
for prayer at Jerusalem, Acts 12:12: he
accompanied Paul and Barnabas in their
missionary labours, but afterwards with-
drew from the work, Acts 15:36-41: yet
Paul was reconciled to him, and desired
him to accompany Timothy on a visit to
him at Rome, 2 Tim. 4:11. Mark is
believed to have accompanied Peter in
his apostolic work for some time, and
under his direction to have written his
Gospel for the Christians of Asia Minor.
- Mark, John Mark.
- MARK, THE GOSPEL OF: this book is
more concise than the others, while it
records most of the things narrated by
Matthew concerning Christ; and it has
therefore been called "the shortest and
clearest, the most marvellous, and at the
same time, the most satisfactory history
in the world." See Commentary.
- MARK, an impression, Gen. 4:15; Lev.
19:28: a sign, 1 Sam. 20:20.
- MARK, to observe or notice, Psal.
48:13; Rom. 16:17.
- MARKED, did observe or notice, 1 Sam.
1:12; Luke 14:7.
- MARKET, a public place in a town or
city, for the purchase and sale of goods,
Ezek. 27:13. Divisions of the ancient
markets, as one side of a square, were
appropriated for courts of justice, Mark
12:38; Acts 16:19; for theaters and
temples, the resort of philosophers and
strangers, Acts 17:17.
- MARRIAGE, a solemn contract, by
which a man and woman are united as
husband and wife, according to the insti-
tution of our Creator, Gen. 1:27, 28; 2:
22, 25; Matt. 22:24-30.
- Marriage, Counterfeit. Two s*d*mites co- habitating.
God's word always condemns this as sin
regardless of what people may say and/or think.
- MARRIAGE SUPPER OF THE LAMB:
this denotes the assembly of all nations
in Christian fellowship on earth, or of
the whole congregation of the redeemed
in their being united with their Lord in
Heaven, Rev. 19:7-9.
- Marriage supper of the Lamb.
See Bible Prophecy.
- MARRIED, did marry, 2 Chron. 13:21;
- MARRIED, united with a man or a
woman in marriage, 1 Cor. 7:10: united
in sacred bonds, Jer. 3:14: engaged in
idolatry, Mal. 2:11.
- MARROW, the fat substance contained
in the bones, Job 21:24: hence nutri-
tious food is said to be full of marrow, to
denote emblematically the spiritual pro-
visions of the gospel, Isa. 25:6.
- MARRY, to unite as husband and wife,
- MARRYING, uniting in marriage, Neh.
- MARSE'NA, [h] (bitterness, or myrrh of
the bush), one of the chief officers of king
Ahasuerus, Esth. 1:14.
- MARS' HILL, the famous court of justice
at Athens, Acts 17:19-22. See AREO-
- MART, a place of public sale, a commer-
cial city or market for the merchandise of
nations, Isa. 23:3.
- MAR'THA, Μαρθα (who becomes bitter, mis-
tress, or that teaches), a hospitable matron
of Bethany, who, with her sister Mary,
and her brother Lazarus, was greatly
beloved by Jesus Christ, John 11:1-5.
Though on one occasion she received a
gentle but sympathising rebuke from her
Saviour, Luke 10:40, 42, Martha was a
woman of intelligent and exalted piety,
which was remarkably displayed on the
occasion of the death of her brother
Lazarus, John 11:20-27.
- MARTYR, a witness; one who bears
witness to religion by his death, Acts
22:2; Rev. 2:13; 17:6.
- MARVEL, a wonder, 2 Cor. 11:14.
- MARVEL, to wonder, John 5:20-28;
- MARVELLED, did wonder, Gen. 43:
33; Luke 2:33; Acts 2:7.
- MARVELLOUS, wonderful, Job 5:9;
- MARVELLOUSLY, wonderfully, 2 Chron.
- MA'RY, Μαριαμ (bitterness of the
sea, myrrh of the sea, or mistress of the sea):
several of this name are mentioned in
1. MARY, the mother of Jesus: she
was of the royal, but impoverished house
of David, and betrothed, at an early age,
to Joseph, of the same family; but while
yet a virgin, by the miraculous influence
of the Holy Spirit, she became the mother
of our blessed Redeemer, Matt. 1:16-25;
Luke 1:26-38; 2:4-21. The brief notices
of the virgin Mary in the New Testa-
ment evince her piety and wisdom, but
they give us no information of her death,
which tradition says was at an extreme
age, with John the Apostle at Ephesus,
John 19:25, 27.
2. MARY, the sister of Lazarus: she
was a woman of elevated piety, which
was remarkably manifested on several
occasions, Luke 10:40-42; John 11.; 12:1-3.
3. MARY MAGDALENE: she seems to
have resided at Magdala, whence she is
surnamed, and to have been a person of
property, as she, with others, "ministered
to Christ of her substance," Luke 8:
1-3. There is no evidence that she was
the "woman in the city, who was a
sinner," as some have supposed, Luke
7:37. Luke states, that "out of her
went seven devils," 8:2; but no testi-
mony of Scripture hints that she was a
person of depraved habits, any more than
"the young daughter of the Syrophenician
woman," or the child of the Jew, Mark
8:24-30; 9:38-42. Mary Magdalene
continued one of the most faithful and
devoted of the disciples of Christ until
His death, and she was greatly honoured
by the Saviour, Matt. 27:55-61; 28:
1-10; John 20:1-18.
4. MARY, the wife of Cleophas, is sup-
posed to have been a sister of the mother
of our Lord, John 19:25: she was the
mother of James the less, Jude[?], Joses,
and Salome, and they were called the
brethren of Christ, Matt. 13:55 ["his brethren,
James, and Joses, and Simon, and Judas"]; Mark
6:3 ["the brother of James, and Joses, and of Juda,
and Simon"]; 15:40.
5. MARY, the mother of Mark, seems
to have been a pious woman, as the first
Christians held their meetings for prayer
at her house, Acts 12:12.
6. MARY, of Rome: this was a person
who was known to the apostle Paul,
probably a native of Jerusalem, Rom.
- Mary, the mother of Jesus. She was a
typical sinner saved by God's grace.
She was not the 'perpetual virgin Mary' idol of the RCC
nor the 'Mother of God'.
- MAS'CHIL, [h] (one that instructs), a
word in the title of several psalms, Psal.
32: it may have been the name of a
musical instrument; but it seems to de-
note an instructive song.
- MASH, [h] (he that teaches or takes away),
a son of Aram, Gen. 10:23, called also
Meshech, 1 Chron. 1:17.
- MASONS, builders with stone, 2 Sam.
5:11; 2 Kings 12:12: their art appears
to have reached great perfection, so early
as the times of Solomon.
- MAST, the erected pole or beam to
which the sail of a ship is fixed, Prov.
23:34; Ezek. 27:5.
- MASTER, the ruler of a house, Gen.
24:10, 51: or of a kingdom, 2 Sam. 2:
7: the chief of a profession, Dan. 4:9: a
teacher, 2 Kings 2:3; Mal. 2:12: a pub-
lic instructor, John 3:10. Christ is our
Master, as He is our Teacher, Lawgiver,
and King, Matt. 23:8; John 13:13.
- MASTER-BUILDER, an inspired teacher,
as the apostle Paul, 1 Cor. 3:10.
- MASTERY, conquest or victory, Exod.
32:1-8; 2 Tim. 2:5.
- MATE, a companion, male or female,
Isa. 34:15, 16.
- MATRIX, the womb, Exod. 13:12.
- MAT'TAN, [h] (gift, or death of them), a
priest of Baal, who was killed before the
altar of his false god, 2 Kings 11:18.
- MATTANI'AH, [h] (gift of the Lord, or
expectation of God), a name of king Zede-
kiah, 2 Kings 24:17. Two others are
so called, 1 Chron. 25:4-16.
- MATTER, business or care, Gen. 24:
9; Jam. 3:5.
- MATTH'EW, Ματθαιος (a gift or reward),
an evangelist and apostle of Christ: he
is also called LEVI, Matt. 9:9; Luke 5:
27: his occupation was that of a publi-
can, or collector of customs, near the sea
of Tiberias, when Jesus called him to be
one of his apostles. Matthew continued
with Christ till his death, and afterwards
he exercised his ministry in Judea; and,
as is supposed, preached the gospel in
Parthia or Ethiopia, where he suffered
- MATTHEW, THE GOSPEL OF: this in-
valuable book was written for the use of
the Jewish Christians; and, as some
critics think, in the Hebrew language
about A.D. 38, but translated into Greek,
during the life of Matthew, by himself or
under his direction. As a Jew, Matthew
shows that Christ descended from Abra-
ham by David, and that he was born at
Bethlehem, as predicted by the prophet
Micah. See Commentary.
- MATTHI'AS, Ματθιας (the gift of the Lord),
the apostle chosen in the place of Judas:
he had been an attendant from the com-
mencement on the ministry of Christ,
and a disciple of established reputation;
but his apostolic history is not recorded,
except his election and appointment to
the office, Acts 1:16-20.
- MATTOCK, a kind of pick-axe, used in
agriculture, 1 Sam. 13:20, 21; Isa. 7:
- MAUL, a heavy hammer, Prov. 25:
- MAW, the stomach of an animal, Deut.
- MAY, indicating permission or possi-
bility in the doing of a thing, 2 Sam. 15:
- MAZZA'ROTH, [h] (the twelve signs), the
Chaldean name for the signs of the zodiac,
by which are indicated the revolving
seasons of the year, Job 38:32.
- MEADOW, pasture land well watered,
suited for the feeding of cattle, Gen. 41:
2; Judg. 20:33.
- MEAL, the flour of bread-corn, Num.
5:15; Isa. 47:2.
- MEAL-TIME, the season for refresh-
ment by eating, Ruth 2:14.
- MEAN, to signify, Exod. 12:26; Deut.
6:20; Acts 10:17.
- MEAN, inferior or despicable, Prov.
22:29; Acts 21:39.
- MEANING, the signification, Dan. 8:
15; 1 Cor. 14:11.
- MEANING, intending, Acts 27:2.
- MEANS, manner, Exod. 34:7: or
instrumentality, Psal. 49:7; Jer. 5:31.
- MEANT, intended, Gen. 50:20; Luke 25:
- MEASURE, a standard rule for ascer-
taining the length, breadth, height, or
quantity of anything, Deut. 25:14, 15;
1 Kings 4:22; 5:11: length and breadth,
as of a curtain, Exod. 26:2: a stinted
allowance, Ezek. 4:11: a limit, Jer. 51:
13: a rich proportion, Eph. 4:7, 13, 16.
- MEASURE, to find out by a rule the
extent or quantity of a thing, Num. 25:
5; Zech. 2:2.
- MEASURED, did measure, Ruth 3:15;
2 Sam. 8:2.
- MEASURED, estimated by a measure,
Isa. 40:12; Hos. 1:10.
- MEASURES, standards for measuring,
as vessels of capacity, Deut. 25:14; or
rules of length, Ezek. 40:24. See MEA-
SURES OF LENGTH.
I.--MEASURES OF LENGTH.
Yds. Ft. In.1. Finger, Jer. 52:21, the Breadth of a
man's finger . . . . 0 0 0¾
2. Handbreadth, Exod. 25:25, four
fingers . . . . . 0 0 3½
3. Span, Exod. 28:16, three Hand-
breadths . . . . . 0 0 10½
4. Cubit, Gen. 6:15, two Spans . 0 1 9
5. Fathom, Acts 17., four Cubits . 2 1 0
Yds. Ft. In.6. Reed, Ezek. 40:3-5, nearly eleven
feet, or . . . . . 3 2 0
7. Line, Ezek. 40:3, eighty Cubits, or 46 2 0
8. Furlong, or Greek Stadium, Luke
24:13 . . . . . 233 0 0
9. Mile, Matt. 5:4, eight Furlongs . 1864 0 0
10. Sabbath-day's Journey, Acts 1:12 a Mile.
Gals. Qts. Pts.1. Log, Lev. 14:10, six egg-shells full 0 0 0¾
2. Hin, Exod. 29:4 . . . 1 1 0
3. Bath, 1 Kings 7:26, or Firkin,
John 2:6 . . . . . 7 2 0
4. Cor or Homer, Ezek. 45:14; Isa.
5:10 . . . . . . 75 0 0
III.--DRY MEASURES.1. Pot, or Sextarius, Mark 7.. . 0 0 1½
2. Cab, 2 Kings 6:25, Chenix, Rev.
6:6, the measure of corn allowed
to a slave for a day's food . . 0 1 1
3. Omer, Exod. 16:36, Tenth-deal,
29:4, about . . . . 0 3 0
4. Seah, Matt. 13:33, about . . 2 2 0
5. Ephah, or Bath, Ezek. 45:11,
about . . . . . 7 2 0
6. Homer, Ezek. 45:11-14; Num. 11:
32 . . . . . .75 0 0
- MEASURING, estimating by a rule, 2
- MEAT, food, Gen. 1:29; John 4:8:
animal food, 1 Cor. 8:8-13. Moses, in
his laws, distinguishes those animals
which should be received as clean for
food by the Israelites, Lev. 11.; Deut. 14.
The soul-inspiring doctrines of the gospel
are called Meat, because of their saving
influence on the minds of believers, 1
Cor. 3:2; Heb. 5:12-14.
- MEAT-OFFERING, fine flour, with oil
and frankincense, or first fruits of corn,
presented to the priests, part of which
was consumed on the altar with the
burnt-offering, Lev. 2.: a portion of fine
flour was offered with the daily sacrifice
as a meat-offering, Exod. 29:40; Num.
15:4-9; 28:5, 8, 12. See OFFERING.
- MEATS, various articles of food, 1 Tim.
4:3-5. Abstinence from certain meats
was sought to be imposed upon the early
Christians, by the professors of the gospel
from among the Pharisees, occasioning
much perplexity; but it was decided by
the apostles that the Levitical differences
had been abolished by Christianity, Acts
10:9-16; 15:23, 29; Rom. 14:1, 14, 17;
1 Cor. 8:1, 13.
- ME'DAD, [h] (he that measures), one of
the elders of Israel, whom God inspired
to preach in the camp, and to assist
Moses in the government of the people,
Num. 11:24-29. See ELDAD.
- ME'DAN, [h] (judgment or process), a son
of Abraham by Keturah, Gen. 25:2.
- MEDDLE, to interfere or quarrel, 2
Kings 14:10: to associate, Prov. 20:19.
- MEDDLED, officiously interposed, Prov.
- MEDDLING, officiously interfering,
- MEDE, a native of Media, as was king
Darius, the conqueror of Babylon, Dan.
- MEDES, the people of Media, Isa. 13:
17; Jer. 25:25.
- ME'DIA, [h] (measure, habit, or abundance),
one of the most ancient and fertile king-
doms of Asia, called by the Hebrews
Madai, Est. 1:3-14; 10:2; Dan. 8:20.
See MADAI. One province of this coun-
try, on the west of the Caspian sea, the
Lesser Media, is now called Adserbijam;
and Greater Media forms the modern
frak Adjemi, both provinces belonging to
the kingdom of Persia.
- MEDIATOR, one that acts between two
parties to secure friendship, or to effect
a reconciliation. Hence God appointed
Moses to act between himself and the
people of Israel, Exod. 19:17-24; 20:
19; Gal. 3:19, 20. Jesus Christ is the
only Mediator, or peace-maker and in-
tercessor, between God and man; and by
His obedience unto death, as the incar-
nate Son of God, and His sacrifice for
sin, He has magnified the law of God
brought in everlasting righteousness, and
become "the author of eternal salvation un-
to all them that obey him[,]" 1 Tim. 2:5; Heb.
- MEDICINE, a remedy against disease,
Prov. 17:22; Jer. 46:11.
- MEDITATE, piously to reflect or pray,
Gen. 24:63; Josh. 1:8; 1 Tim. 4:15.
- MEDITATION, serious reflection and
prayer, Psal. 5:1; 19:14.
- MEEK, mild in temper and manners,
Num. 12:3; Matt. 5:5.
- MEEKNESS, mildness of temper and
gentleness of manner, Gal. 5:23; 6:1:
reverence for the revealed truth of God,
- MEET, suitable as a companion, Gen.
2:18, 20: worthy as to character, 1 Cor.
15:9: as to behaviour, Exod. 8:26.
- MEET, to come face to face, Gen. 14:
17; Exod. 4:14: to encounter, Luke 14:
- MEETING, an assembly, Isa. 1:13: an
interview, 1 Sam. 21:1.
- MEGID'DO, [h] (that declares, or his pre-
cious fruit), a city in the valley of Jezreel,
famous for the victory of Deborah and
Barak, Judg. 5:19; and for the defeat of
king Josiah, 2 Kings 23:29, 30.
- MEHU-MAN, [h] (who is troubled), chief
chamberlain to king Ahasuerus, Est. 1:10.
- MELCHIS'EDEC, [h] (king of right-
eousness), the king of Salem in the time
of Abraham, and though a Canaanite, a
most exemplary priest of the most high
God, Gen. 14:18-20. From what is said
of Melchisedec in the Epistle to the
Hebrews, he has been supposed, by dif-
ferent critics, to have been an angel,
Enoch, Shem, and even Jesus Christ by
some; but he seems to have been a
native prince of Canaan, whose piety
corresponded with his significant name;
and his immediate ancestry, his birth
and death not being registered in the
genealogies of Israel, he may fitly be
regarded as a type of the Messiah, whose
appointment was not according to the
order of Aaron, whose origin, consecra-
tion, life, and death, are fully known, but
made our "great High Priest of the most
high God after the order of Melchi-
sedec," Heb. 7:1-28; 8:1, 2.
- MELI'TA, [g] (affording honey), an
island in the Mediterranean sea, between
Sicily and Africa, now called Malta; it
is famous as the asylum of the apostle
Paul after his memorable shipwreck,
Acts 27:27; 28:1. Malta contains
now about 50,000 inhabitants, chiefly
Roman Catholics, ignorant and degraded;
but it has been made the seat of scrip-
tural operations, to benefit the nations
around the Mediterranean, by mies.
from England and America.
- MELODY, harmonious music, Isa. 23:
- MELONS, the rich fruit of a family of
plants of the cucumber kind, abounding
in Egypt, and serving the people, accord-
ing to their language, for "meat, drink,
and physic," Num. 11:5.
- MELT, to dissolve, or make a hard
substance become fluid, as silver, Ezek.
22:22; wax, Psal. 97:5; or snow,
147:18: to faint, Isa. 13:7.
- MELTING, dissolving, as the power of
a fierce fire, Isa. 64:2.
- MEL'ZAR, [h] (dispenser or steward), a
master or steward over a part of the
royal domestics in Babylon, Dan. 1:11.
- MEMBER, any part of the body, 1 Cor.
12:14; Jam. 3:5: sensual passions and
unholy affections, Rom. 6:13-19. Chris-
tians, as united in fellowship with Christ,
are members of the churches, 1 Cor. 12:
27; Eph. 4:23-30.
- MEMORIAL, a monument, or thing to
preserve the memory of an event or
action, Exod. 28:12-19: a record
published, Matt. 26:13.
- MEMORY, the faculty of the mind by
which things are remembered, 1 Cor. 15:
2: the recollection of past occurrences,
- MEMU'CAN, [h] (impoverished), one of
the seven counsellers of king Ahasuerus,
- MEN'AHEM, [h] (comforter, or who con-
ducts), a wicked king of Israel, who ob-
tained the throne by murdering his royal
master, king Shallum, 2 Kings 15:14-16.
- MEND, to repair or rebuild, 2 Chron.
- MENDING, repairing, Matt. 4:21.
- ME'NE, [h] (he is numbered), one of the
mysterious words which, written on his
palace wall, terrified king Belshazzar,
Dan. 5:25. See UPHARSIN.
- MENTION, to tell or report, Isa. 63:
- MENTIONED, reported, 1 Chron. 4:
38; Ezek. 33:16.
- MEPHIB'OSHETH, [h] (out of my mouth
proceeds reproach), a son of king Saul,
2 Sam. 21:8, 9.
- MEPHIBOSHETH, a son of Jonathan,
the son of Saul: he was sought out by
David, and honoured for the sake of his
father: he exhibited an excellent spirit
under certain injurious slanders against
him by his steward Ziba, 2 Sam. 4:4;
- ME'RAB, [h] (that disputes, or mistress),
the eldest daughter of king Saul, who
had promised her as wife to David if he
should kill Goliath, 1 Sam. 14:49; 18:
- MERA'RI, [h] (bitter, or to provoke), the
third son of Levi, and head of a great
family, Exod. 6:19; Num. 3:33-37.
- MERCHANDISE, goods bought and sold
by merchants, Ezek. 27:9-16.
- MERCHANTS, dealers in goods of foreign
countries: those in the early ages were
accustomed to travel in companies with
large caravans of camels, conveying the
productions or manufactures of different
countries, for exchange or sale, as is now
the custom in many parts of Asia. Tyre
was for ages the most famous emporium
of trade, receiving the commerce both of
India and Europe, Gen. 37:28; Ezek.
- MERCIES, undeserved favours bestowed
on the needy and miserable, Psal. 103:4.
God is the "Father of mercies," 2 Cor. 1:
3; and His mercies are multiplied beyond
our enumeration, Isa. 63:7.
- MERCIFUL, compassionately kind, Gen.
19:16; Heb. 2:17.
- MERCU'RIUS, a fabulous divinity of the
Romans, so called as presiding over mer-
chandise, from the Latin word mercari,
to buy or sell, Acts 14:12. The Greeks
call him Έρμης, Hermes, the word which
is used by Luke, an orator or interpreter;
and they regarded his as the god of
eloquence, but he is famous among them
for lying and deceit. The same Greek
word is literally rendered, Rom. 16:14,
as the name of a Christian at Rome.
- MERCY, pity or compassionate of kind-
ness towards the distressed, Deut. 7:2;
Dan. 4:27; Luke 10:37.
- MERCY OF GOD, is that perfection of
His nature which inclines Him to pity
and relieve the miseries of sinful men,
Exod. 34:6, 7; Psal. 130:7. Divine
justice necessarily interferes with the
exercise of mercy to sinners: but these
perfections are made to harmonise by
the atonement of Christ, who, by His
obedience and death, has satisfied the
claims of justice, or made peace, through
which God can be just, and the justifier
of every penitent [repentant] believer in Jesus, Psal.
85:10; Rom. 3:25, 26.
- MERCY-SEAT, or propitiatory, was the
lid of the sacred ark of the covenant,
over which God manifested His glory to
the interceding priest for blessings to
Israel, Exod. 25:17-22. Christ is the
true propitiatory or mercy-seat for all
the people, through whom alone we can
have access to God, and by whom alone
He can bless sinners: He is therefore
called the propitiation, Rom. 3:25;
John 2:2; Heb. 9:5-14.
- MER'EMOTH, [h] (bitterness, or myrrh
of death), a priest who returned from
Babylon, having charge of the sacred
vessels of the temple, Ezra 8:33.
- ME'RES, [h] (watering, or distillation), a
chief prince in the court of Ahasuerus,
- MER'IB-BAAL, [h] (he that resists
Baal), a name of Mephibosheth, son of
Saul, 1 Chron. 8:3; 2 Sam. 9:12.
- MERO'DACH, [h] (bitter, or contrition), a
name of several kings of Babylon, 2 Kings
25:27; Jer. 50:2.
- ME'ROM, [h] (eminences), the higher
lake of the river Jordan, in the north of
Galilee, Josh. 11:5: it is reckoned nearly
four miles wide, and about five and a
half miles long.
- ME'ROZ, [h] (secret or leanness), an
ancient city of Galilee, near the river
Kishon, Judg. 5:23.
- MERRILY, happily, or with mirth, Eph.
- MERRY, gladsome, especially in feast-
ing, Gen. 43:34; Luke 15:23-29.
- ME'SHA, [h] (salvation or saved), a king
of Moab, infamous for sacrificing his own
son when his city was besieged by the
allied army of Israel, Judah, and Edom,
2 Kings 3:4-27.
- ME'SHACH, [h] (that draws with fate),
the Chaldean name of Mishael, a noble
youth of Judah, who is famous for his
piety in Babylon, as one of the com-
panions of Daniel, Dan. 1:6, 7.
- MESOPOTA'MIA, [g] (between the
rivers), Acts 7:2: in Hebrew it is
[h] Aramnaharim, or Syria of the
two rivers: it is a fertile province between
the two rivers Euphrates and Tigris,
- MESS, a quantity of food sent from
table, Gen. 43:3; 2 Sam. 11:8.
- MESSAGE, an errand or communica-
tion, Judg. 3:20; 1 John 1:6.
- MESSENGER, one who carries a mes-
sage, Gen. 50:16: an ambassador, 1 Kings
20:2: a spy, Jam. 2:25; Num. 22:5: a
prophet or inspired teacher, Job 33:
23. Christian pastors are messengers of
the churches, as their delegates to sister
churches, 2 Cor. 8:23.
- MESSENGER OF THE COVENANT, a title
of Christ, as He came from the Father to
earth, declaring the message of eternal
mercy to men
MESSI'AH, משיח (the anointed): the
Hebrew designation of our Saviour, as
Christ is in Greek, Dan. 9:25, 26; John
1:41. See CHRIST.
- Messiah. See Tract.
MESSI'AS, Μεσσιας, the same as Messiah
in Hebrew, but with the Greek form of
ending the word, John 4:25.
- Messias. See Tract.
MET, did meet, Gen. 32:1. METE, to measure, Exod. 16:18. METED, measured, Isa. 40:. METE-YARD, a measure of length, Lev.
ME'THEG-AM'MAH, [h] (the bridle
of bondage), a strong city of the Philis-
tines, supposed to be Gath, 2 Sam. 8:1.
METHU'SELAH, [h] (he has sent his
death), the oldest of mankind mentioned
in history, Gen. 5:21-27.
MI'CAH, [h] (poor or humble, who is
struck), a prophet of Judah, contemporary
with Isaiah, Mic. 1:1.
MICAH, THE BOOK OF: this is regarded
as the most important single prophecy
in the Old Testament, declaring the
birth-place, personal character, and king-
dom of Messiah, Mic. 4:1-6; 5:1-4.
MICAH, a noted idolator of Mount
Ephraim in the time of the judges, Judg.
MICAI'AH, [h] (poor or humble), a
faithful prophet of Israel, a reprover of
king Ahab, 1 Kings 20:35-43.
MICE, small, destructive animals,
abounding in most countries, 1 Sam. 6:
4-6. See MOUSE.
MI'CHAEL, [h] (who is like God?), the
archangel, Jude 9: a chief of the angels,
Rev. 12:7: he is believed to be the same
whom Daniel calls "one of the chief
princes," and "the great prince," Dan.
MICHAEL, the name of the father of
one of the spies, Num. 13:13.
MICHAEL, a son of king Jehoshaphat,
and who was killed by his brother, king
Jehoram, 2 Chron. 21:2.
MI'CHAL, [h] (who is perfect?), a daughter
of king Saul, and wife of David: her his-
tory is instructive, though there is no
evidence of her piety, 1 Sam. 18:20.
MICH'MASH, [h] (he that strikes), a
city of Benjamin, famous for the defeat
of the Philistines by king Saul, 1 Sam.
MID-DAY, noon, meridian, Neh. 8:3. MIDDLE, the part in the centre, Judg.
MIDDLEMOST, being in the centre,
MID'IAN, [h] (judgment or measure), a
son of Abraham by Keturah, Gen. 25:2.
MIDIAN, THE COUNTRY OF: this was
situated near the eastern branch of the
Red sea, in Arabia: it included part of
the district of Sinai, and was celebrated
for its camels and dromedaries, Exod.
2:15; 3:1; Isa. 60:6.
MID'IANITES, the descendants of Mi-
dian, a numerous people, who, for a
while at least, retained the true religion,
one of their priests being Jethro, the
father-in-law of Moses, Exod. 2:15:
these people dwelt near the Red sea, in
Arabia, and were called Ethiopians or
Cushites, Num. 12:1. Several tribes of
this people dwelt further north, and
became corrupt idolators, and a snare
to Israel under the counsel of Balaam,
Num. 22:4-15; 25:15; 31:3-8.
MIDNIGHT, the depth of night, Exod.
11:4; Acts 16:25.
MIDST, the centre, Gen. 1:6: the
depth, Exod. 14:27-29: in a throng,
Luke 4:30: in public, Deut. 13:5:
well known, Deut. 18:15.
MIDWIFE, a woman who assists women
in childbirth, Gen. 35:17; Exod. 1:16.
MIG'DOL, [h] (a tower), an Egyptian
town and fortress near the Red sea,
MIGHT, power, Num. 14:13: glory,
Est. 10:2: the eldest son, as the honour
of a father, Gen. 49:3.
MIGHTIER, more powerful, Gen. 26:
16: more worthy or honourable, Matt.
MIGHTIES, powerful warriors, 1 Chron.
MIGHTILY, powerfully, Deut. 6:3:
grievously, Judg. 4:3.
MIGHTY, powerful, as the chief of a
patriarchal family, Gen. 23:6: as a
nation, Jer. 5:15: as an angel, Rev. 10:
1. God is emphatically the MIGHTY ONE,
MIL'CAH, [h] (queen), the wife of Na-
hor, and niece of Abraham, Gen. 11:29;
MILCH, the state of giving milk, Gen.
MIL'COM, [h] (their king), the idol Mo-
lech, 1 Kings 11:5, 7, 33. See MOLECH.
MILDEW, a disease in plants, caused
by the growth of a pernicious vegetation,
whose development is in some cases
favoured by warm and moist winds:
hence "blasting and mildew" were
threatened as the Divine judgments upon
a wicked people, Deut. 28:22; Amos
MILE, a measure of eight furlongs, or
1866 yards Hebrew, or 1760 English,
MILE'TUM or MILETUS, [g] (red
or scarlet), a seaport of Asia Minor, and
capital of Caria, about thirty-six miles
from Ephesus, Acts 20:15-17; 2 Tim. 4:
20. Christianity was professed here for
several centuries, until the place was
ravaged by the Saracens; and now it is
occupied only by a few shepherds, and
called by the Turks Melas.
MILK, a nutritious liquid furnished
for the young of animals, and in abund-
ance by cows, Gen. 18:8; Isa. 7:22:
plain and easy doctrines, 1 Cor. 3:2;
Heb. 5:12. "Land flowing with milk
and honey," denotes a country of extra-
ordinary fertility, Josh. 5:6.
MILL, a machine for grinding corn,
Num. 11:8; Jer. 25:10.
MILLET, an inferior kind of grain,
MILLION, a thousand thousands, Gen.
MIL'LO, [h] (fulness), a person of some
note residing near Shechem, Judg. 9:6-20.
MILLO, a royal building in Jerusalem,
2 Sam. 5:9. It is supposed to have
been originally a deep ditch between
the fort of Jebus and the city, but was
filled up partly by David, and partly by
Solomon, 1 Kings 9:15-24; 11:27, and
that thus it greatly extended the citadel,
which, with a senate-house adjoining,
was called the "house of Millo," 2 Kings
MILLSTONE, a grinding-stone, as for
the grinding of corn, Isa. 47:2.
MINCING, behaving immodestly in
walking, Isa. 3:16.
MIND, the human spirit or reasoning
faculty, Gen. 26:35; Isa. 22:3; Rom.
1:28: the memory, Psal. 31:12: the
will, 1 Pet. 5:2: the affections, Acts
17:17: the intention, Prov. 21:27:
opinion or sentiment, Rom. 16:6; 2
Thess. 2:2. "The mind of the Lord,"
denotes the deep purposes of God, 1 Cor.
2:16. "The mind of Christ," is an ex-
perimental knowledge of the gracious
will of God in the gospel, influencing
the believer in holiness, 1 Cor. 2:16.
MIND, to regard with attention, Rom.
MINDED, inclined in mind, Ruth 1:18. MINDFUL, full of kindly regard, Psal.
MINDING, intending, Acts 20:13. MINDS, the faculties of the soul, Phil.
4:7: sentiments or opinions, Judg. 19:
30; Acts 28:6.
MINE, my own, Exod. 19:5; Josh.
MINGLE, to mix, Isa. 5:22: to unite
with, Dan. 2:43.
MINGLED, mixed, Exod. 9:24; Lev.
19:19; Mark 15:23.
MINISH, to lessen in quantity, Exod.
MINISHED, weakened, Psal. 107:39. MINISTER, an official attendant, Exod.
24:13, especially in the services of
religion, Luke 4:20: a magistrate, Rom.
13:4-6: a preacher of the gospel, Luke
1:2; Acts 26:16: a pastor of a [real] Chris-
tian church, Col. 1:7. Christ was a
minister of the circumcision, as His com-
mission regarded the people of Israel,
MINISTER, to serve in an office, as a
priest [O.T.], Exod. 28:1, 31 ; as an angel,
Heb. 1:14; as a preacher, 1 Pet. 1:12:
to relieve, Acts 24:20.
MINISTERED, did minister, Num. 3:
4: did contribute, as relief, 2 Tim. 1:18:
did preach and pray, Acts 13:2.
MINISTERING, serving in office, Heb.
10:11: contributing means of support, and
affording needful relief, Matt. 27:55.
MINISTRATION, a service, Luke 1:23:
distribution of alms, Acts 6:1; 2 Cor.
9:13: preaching divine doctrine: hence
the preaching of the law of God, as the
"ministration of death," or condemna-
tion, is contrasted with that of the gos-
pel, as the "ministration of the Spirit
and of life," for pardon and salvation,
2 Cor. 3:7-9.
MINISTRY, official service, as of the
tabernacle, Num. 4:12, 47; or of the
temple, 2 Chron. 7:6; or that of Christ,
Heb. 8:6; or of the preachers of the
gospel, Acts 6:4; Eph. 4:12.
MINISTRY OF CHRIST: our Saviour's
ministry includes His whole work of
human redemption, Heb. 8:6; but the
following list of the remarkable dis-
courses of Christ will illustrate His wis-
dom and His doctrine :--
DISCOURSES. PLACE. RECORD. Conversation with Nicodemus Jerusalem John 3:1-21. " " the Samaritan woman Sychar John 4:1-42. Discourse in the synagogue Nazareth Luke 4:16-31. Sermon on the mount Near Nazareth Matt. 5. 6. 7. Ordination charge to the apostles Galilee Matt. 10. Denunciations against Chorazin Galilee Matt. 11:20-24. Discourse concerning healing the infirm man at Bethesda Jerusalem . . John 5. " " His disciples plucking ears of corn}
on the sabbath }
Judea Matt. 12:1-8. Refutation of the charge, of his working miracles by}
the agency of Beelzebub }
Capernaum Matt. 12:22-37. Discourse on the bread of life Capernaum John 6. " concerning internal purity Capernaum . . Matt. 15:1-20. " against giving or taking offence and forgiving}
of injuries }
Capernaum . . Matt. 18. " at the feast of tabernacles Jerusalem . . . John 7. " on occasion of the adulteress Jerusalem . . John 8:1-11. " concerning the sheep Jerusalem . . . John 10. Denunciation against the scribes and Pharisees Peræa . . . . Luke 11:37-45. Discourse on humility and prudence Galilee . . . . Luke 14:7-14. Directions how to attain Heaven Peræa . . . . Matt. 19:16-30. Discourse on the sufferings of Christ Jerusalem . . . Matt. 20:17-19. Denunciations against the Pharisees Jerusalem . . Matt. 23. Predictions of the ruin of Jerusalem Jerusalem . . . Matt. 24. Discourse of consolation Jerusalem . . John 14.-16. " on the way to Gethsemane Jerusalem . . . Matt. 26:31-36. " with Peter after His resurrection Galilee . . . . John 21:5-22. " with His disciples before His ascension Mount Olivet Luke 24:50-53. MIN'NI, [h] (prepared), an ancient king-
dom in Armenia, in alliance with the
Medes against Babylon, Jer. 51:27.
MIN'NITH, [h] (counted or prepared),
a city of the Ammonites, Judg. 11:33:
it was in a fertile district of country,
and its wheat was famous as an article
of commerce, Ezek. 27:17.
MINSTREL, a musician, 2 Kings 3:
16. Singing-women were a kind of min-
strels, attending funerals for hire, Matt.
9:23; Jer. 9:17.
MINT, a genus of well-known aromatic
herbs, Matt. 23:23.
MIRACLE, a work beyond human
power, or the operation of nature, Exod.
7:9. Miracles have been wrought only
in confirmation of the ministry of the
servants of God, Deut. 11:3; 29:3.
Moses, Joshua, and Elijah, were greatly
honoured by the interposition of God,
confirming their ministry. Jesus Christ
wrought many miracles in confirmation
of His claims as the Son of God and the
promised Messiah, John 12:37; and
endowed His apostles and first ministers
with similar powers, Acts 6:8; 19:11;
1 Cor. 12:10.
- Miracle, supernatural.
MIRACLES OF CHRIST: our Saviour's
miracles were exceedingly numerous, va-
rious, and benevolent in their character,
but only a very small number of them
are specifically mentioned. The follow-
ing is, therefore, only a list of those
more particularly noted of the miracles
of Christ :--
MIRACLES. PLACE. RECORD. Water turned into wine [grape juice] Cana . . . . John 2:1-11. The Capernaum nobleman's son cured Cana . . . . . John 4:46-54. Surprising draught of fishes Sea of Galilee . Luke 5:1-11. Demoniac cured Capernaum . . Mark 1:22-28. Peter's mother-in-law healed Capernaum . . Mark 1:30, 31. Leper healed Capernaum . . Mark 1:40-45. Centurion's servant healed Capernaum . . Matt. 8:5-13. Widow's son raised from the dead Nain . . . . . Luke 7:11-17. Tempest calmed Sea of Galilee . Matt. 8:23-27. Demoniacs of Gadara cured Gadara . . . . Matt. 8:28-34. Man sick of the palsy cured Capernaum . . Matt. 9:1-8.
MIRACLES. PLACES. RECORD. Jairus's daughter raised to life Capernaum . . Matt. 9:18-26. Sight restored to two blind men Capernaum . . Matt. 9:27-31. Dumb demoniac cured Capernaum . . Matt. 9:32, 33. Woman diseased with issue of blood healed Capernaum . . Luke 8:43-48. Diseased cripple at Bethesda cured Jerusalem . . . John 5:1-9. Man with a withered hand cured Judea . . . . Matt. 12:10-13. Demoniac cured Capernaum . . Matt. 12:22, 23. Five thousand fed Decapolis . . . Matt. 14:15-21. Canaanite woman's daughter cured Near Tyre . . Matt. 15:23-28. Man deaf and dumb cured Decapolis . . . Mark 7:31-37. Four thousand fed Decapolis . . . Matt. 15:32-39. Blind man restored to sight Bethsaida . . . Mark 8:22-26. Boy possessed of a devil cured Tabor . . . . Matt. 17:14-21. Man born blind restored to sight Jerusalem . . . John 9. Woman of eighteen years' infirmity cured Galilee . . . . Luke 13:11-17. Dropsical man cured Galilee . . . . Luke 14:1-6. Ten lepers cleansed Samaria . . . Luke 17:11-19. Lazarus raised from the grave to life Bethany . . . John 11. Two blind men restored to sight Jericho . . . Matt. 20:30-34. Fig-tree blasted Olivet . . . . Matt. 21:18-21. The ear of Malchus healed Gethsemane . Luke 22:50, 51. Wondrous draught of fishes Sea of Galilee . John 21:1-14. MIRE, mud, Job 8:11: disease, 30:
MIR'IAM, [h] (exa.ed, myrrh of the sea,
or mistress of the sea), the sister of Moses
and Aaron, Num. 26:59. Miriam is
honoured with the title of prophetess,
Exod. 15:20; and in being associated
with Moses and Aaron in the leading of
Israel to Canaan, Mic. 5:4: the notices
of her life are instructive, Num. 12:1-15;
and, supposing her to have been ten
years old when Moses was born, Exod.
2:4-7, she must have been nearly one
hundred and thirty years of age at her
death, in the last year of Israel in the
wilderness, Num. 20:1.
MIRTH, gladness, as at feasting, Gen.
MIRY, composed of mud, Ezek. 47:
MISCARRYING, failing, Hos. 9:14. MISCHIEF, evil or injury, Gen. 42:4;
MISCHIEVOUS, injurious, Eccles. 10:13. MISERABLE, wretched, calamitous, Job
MISERABLY, sorrowfully, Matt. 21:41. MISERIES, calamities, Lam. 1:7. MISERY, calamity, Job 3:20. MISH'AEL, [h] (who is asked for, or
God takes away), one of the three Hebrew
confessors in Babylon, Dan. 1:7; 2:17.
MISS, to fail, Judg. 20:16: to perceive
wanting, 1 Sam. 20:6.
MISSED, did miss or lose, 25:15-21. MISSING, wanting, 1 Kings 20:39.
- Missionaries = Mies.
- Missionary = My.
- Missions, Biblical.
See Missions History/Techniques.
MIST, a fog, Gen. 2:6: darkness, Acts
MISTRESS, a female head of a family,
1 Kings 17:17. "[M]istress of witch-
crafts" is a chief of idolatry, Nah. 3:4.
MISUSED, persecuted and injured, 2
MITE, the smallest Jewish coin, Mark
12:4. See MONEY.
MITRE, the sacred cap or linen bonnet
in the dress of a priest, Exod. 28:4,
39; Lev. 8:9.
MITYLE'NE, [g] (purity or cleans-
ing), the capital city of the isle of Les-
bos, in the Mediterranean, Acts 20:14.
MIXED, mingled, as various people,
Exod. 12:38; as silver and dross, Isa. 1:
22; as iron with clay, Dan. 2:41.
MIXTURE, a mingled mass, as of spices,
John 19:39: an intoxicating drink, Psal.
MI'ZAR, [h] (little), a hill of Judah,
MIZ'PAH, [h] (a sentinel or speculation),
a city of Judah, 1 Kings 15:22.
MIZ'PEH or MIZPAH, some think the
same city, famous for being the residence
of Samuel, 1 Sam. 7:5, 6; 10:17.
MIZPEH, a district near mount Her-
mon, Josh. 11:3.
MIZPEH, a city of Moab, 1 Sam. 22:3. MIZ'RAIM, [h] (tribulations), a grand-
son of Noah, Gen. 10:6, and head of
several people, particularly the nation of
Egypt, the Hebrew name of which is
Mizraim. See EGYPT.
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