Bible Dictionary: Hn. 1840
- HO, a word of calling or invitation,
Ruth 4:1; Isa. 55:1.
- HOAR, whitish, as frozen dew on the
grass, Exod. 16:14; or grey hairs, Isa.
46:4; Lev. 19:32.
- HOARY, whitish, as grey hairs, Lev.
19:32; or as foam of agitated water,
- HO'BAB, [h] (favoured and beloved), the
father of the wife of Moses, Judg. 4:11:
he is called also Jethro, Exod. 3:1;
18:1-12. Some, however, suppose that
Hobab was the son of Jethro, Exod. 2:
18; Num. 10:29. He is believed to have
yielded to the entreaty of Moses, and to
have accompanied the Israelites to Ca-
naan, Judg. 4:11.
- HO'HAM, [h] (woe to them), a king of
Hebron, one of the four kings who united
with Adonizedek in besieging Gibeon,
Josh. 10:1, 3, 23.
- HOISED, drawn up, as the sail of a
ship, Acts 27:40.
- HOLD, a castle or fortification, Judg.
- HOLD, to keep fast, 2 Sam. 6:6: to
commemorate, as by a feast, Exod. 5:1:
to regard or account for praise or blame,
to maintain, as a custom or an opinion,
- HOLDEN, held or bound, Job 36:8;
Acts 2:24: sustained, Rom. 14:4.
- HOLDING, maintaining, Mark 7:3:
exhibiting exemplary obedience, Phil. 2:
16: restraining, Rev. 7:1.
- HOLE, a hollow place or cave, Isa. 11:
8; Matt. 8:20: a rent, as in a bag,
Hag. 1:6: a passage bored, as in the lid
of a chest, 2 Kings 12:9.
- HOLIER, more holy or pure, Isa. 45:5.
- HOLIEST, most holy or sacred, Heb.
- HOLILY, piously, with sanctity, 1 Thess.
- HOLINESS, sanctity, moral purity, and
excellency: hence God, who is infinite
in righteousness, purity, goodness, and
moral excellency, is celebrated as "glo-
rious in holiness," Exod. 15:. Holi-
ness is that perfection in the nature of
God that renders Him supremely worthy
of the veneration, confidence, and love
of all His intelligent creatures, Psal. 60:
6; Rev. 4:8; 6:10. Holiness in godly
persons, is that spirit of moral purity
and sanctity, by which they are consti-
tuted partakers of the Divine nature,
2 Pet. 1:4; and this is derived to them
from God, by means of the doctrines and
promises of his gospel, under the disci-
pline of his providence, and sanctified by
the gracious influences of his Holy Spirit,
2 Cor. 3:3; Gal. 5:22; 1 Pet. 1:22; Heb.
12:10-14. Holiness in places and things
consists in their separation from common
use for sacred purposes, especially in the
ordinances of religious worship, Isa. 62:
9; Zech. 14:20, 21.
- Holiness. See Revival, Holiness,
and the Man of God.
- HOLLOW, the cavity, as of a bone, Gen.
32:25; or of the hand, Isa. 40:12.
- HOLLOW, not solid, having a cavity,
- HOLPEN, helped or assisted, Dan. 11:
- HOLY, sacred, pure, morally good:
God is infinitely holy, as celebrated by
the seraphim, Isa. 6:3; Rev. 4:8.
Angels of God are holy, as they were
created perfect, and having never sinned,
they surround the throne of their Creator,
Matt. 25:31. Godly men are holy,
having been renewed and sanctified by
the Holy Spirit, Rom. 8:9-16; 1 Cor.
3:16, 17: hence the term saints, the
proper meaning of which is holy persons.
The Israelites were called a "holy
people," Deut. 7:6; and a "holy na-
tion," Exod. 19:6, as they were sepa-
rated from the heathen, and called to
holiness in the service of God. Christians
are called a "holy nation," on account
of their personal holiness, 1 Pet. 2:5-9.
- HOLYDAYS were the sabbaths, and the
sacred festivals of the Israelites, Exod.
35:2; Psal. 42:4.
- HOLY PLACE: this was that part of
the tabernacle and of the temple in
which the ark of the covenant was set
up, separated from the other part by the
vail or curtain, and into which the high-
priest alone entered once a year, on the
great day of atonement, Exod. 26:33;
- HOLY GHOST, the third Person of the
adorable Trinity, Matt. 28:19. See
GHOST and SPIRIT.
- HOLY SPIRIT, the Spirit of God, Psal.
51:11: the third Person of the adorable
Trinity, Luke 11:13. See SPIRIT.
- Holy Spirit, the. He, 1 John 5:7.
See The Holy Spirit.
- HOME, a dwelling-place, the residence
of the family, Gen. 43:16; Deut. 21:
12; Tit. 2:5. See Home.
- HOMER or COR, the largest of the
Hebrew measures, containing about se-
venty-five gallons, Ezek. 45:11-14; Lev.
:16; Num. 11:32. See MEASURES.
- HONEST, upright, just, sincere, Luke
8:15; 2 Cor. 8:21.
- HONESTLY, uprightly, justly, chastely,
- HONESTY, justice, truth, fidelity, vir-
tue, 1 Tim. 2:2.
- HONEY, a luscious substance prepared
by bees, Judg. 14:8. Canaan, on account
of its fertility, is called a "land flowing
with milk and honey," Exod. 3:8-17.
Bees were exceedingly numerous in
Palestine; and the swarms settling on
the rocks and in the hollow trunks of
trees, occasioned it to be said that the
Israelites should "suck honey out of the
rock," Deut. 32:13. Hence John fed
on locusts and wild honey, Matt. 3:4.
Honey being the sweetest and most deli-
cious thing known to the ancients, before
the art of preparing sugar was known,
things that are desirable, pleasant, and
delightful, are compared to honey, Prov.
24:13; as divine doctrine, Psal. 119:
- HONOUR, dignity, reputation; as God
promised to Israel, Deut. 26:19; as
David attained by his prosperous reign,
1 Chron. 29:28; as true religion brings
to every pious man before God, Prov. 3:
16; as God the Father gave to Christ
by a voice from heaven, 2 Pet. 1:17; as
the whole inhabitants of heaven ascribe
to God, Rev. 4:11; and to the exalted
Redeemer, 5:12, 13.
- HONOUR, to reverence, to regard with
[respect]; as children should their
parents, Exod. 20:12; as the people
should the king, 1 Pet. 2:17; as pious
men worship and glorify God, Dan. 4:
37; 1 Tim. 1:17.
- HONOURABLE, elevated to dignity; as
princes, by rank, Num. 22:15; by
office, as captains, 2 Kings 5:1; by
wealth, as merchants, Isa. 23:8: that
which is according to the will of God, as
lawful marriage, Heb. 13:4.
- HONOURED, did honour or worship,
as Nebuchadnezzar, after his return to
reason, worshipped God, Dan. 4:34.
- HONOURED, reverenced, as God would
be by impious Pharaoh in his punish-
ment, Exod. 14:4: distinguished with
favours, as Paul and his friends were by
the Maltese, after his apostolic mission
had been manifestly illustrated by his
healing the sick, Acts 28:10.
- HOOD, a kind of bonnet, turban, or
head-dress, Isa. 3:23.
- HOOF, the horny substance on the feet
of animals, Lev. 11:3-7; Isa. 5:28.
- HOOK, anything bent, so as to catch:
those hooks used in the tabernacle to
hold the curtains and vail were made,
some of gold and some of silver, Exod.
26.; 27. "Pruning-hooks beaten into
spears," indicate war, Joel 3:10. "Spears
into pruning-hooks" denote general peace,
- HOPE, expectation of future good,
Prov. 14:32. This affection of the
mind is essential to our nature, though
in this world of sin and calamity dis-
appointments are innumerable. In rela-
tion to a future life, ungodly men are
without hope, Eph. 2:12: or theirs is
the hope of the hypocrite, which will
perish, Job 8:13; Matt. 7:21-23.
Christian hope is a holy principle of
grace created or excited in the hearts of
believers by the Holy Spirit, Rom. 15:
13: the object of this hope is immor-
tality and eternal life, Tit. 2:13; the
warrant of it is the promise of God in
the gospel, 1:2; the influence of it is the
purification of the heart and life in holi-
ness, 1 John 3:3; the support of it is
the love of God shed abroad in the heart
by the Holy Spirit, Rom. 5:5.
- HOPE OF ISRAEL: the grand hope of
Israel, and of all the pious, from age to
age until the advent of Christ, was His
appearance as the promised Saviour,
through whom they expected the bless-
ings of pardon and life eternal, Gen. 49:
10; Psal. 72.; Job 19:25; Acts 28:
20; John 4:25.
- HOPE, to expect future good, Job 6:
11. Every human being on earth natu-
rally cherishes hope of some future relief
or benefit: but they who die in their
sins sink into despair; they cannot hope
for the mercy of God, Isa. 38:18.
Those who fear God, and believe His
gospel, are inspired with confidence, that
the present trials will be beneficial, and
that they shall inherit immortality in
eternal life, Lam. 3:24; Rom. 8:28-39.
- HOPED, did hope or expect, Est. 9:1;
- HOPED, expected, Jer. 3:23: trusted,
- HOPING, expecting, Luke 6:35.
- HOPH'NI, [h] (he that covers, or my fist),
a priest of Israel, a vile son of pious Eli,
1 Sam. 1:3; 2:12; 3:13; 4:4-11.
- HOPHRA, (Pharaoh-hophra), the name
of one of the kings of Egypt, who formed
an alliance with Zedekiah, king of Judah,
but vainly attempted to assist him against
Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon, Jer.
44:30; Ezek. 29:2-19.
- HOR, [h] (who conceives), a lofty moun-
tain in the range of Seir in Idumea,
Arabia Petrea, famous by the death and
burial of Aaron, Num. 20:22-28.
- HOR, a summit on the eastern range
of the mountains of Lebanon, Num.
- HO'RAM, [h] (who conceives them), a king
of Gezer, who was overcome by Joshua,
- HO'REB, [h] (desert, solitude, or the
sword), the western peak or summit of
mount Sinai, called the "mountain of
God," Exod. 3:2, 12; 18:5. Horeb is
famous for the manifestation of God to
Moses, Exod. 3:1, 6, 13; for the en-
campment of the Israelites, when they
received the law from Sinai, 28:6;
Deut. 1:6; 4:10-15; and for its being
the retreat of Elijah when threatened
by Jezebel, 1 Kings 19:8.
- HOR'MAH, [h] (destruction or devoted
to God), a district and city, first called
Zephath, Num. 21:3; Judg. 1:17.
- HORN, the defensive weapon of an ox,
Exod. 21:29; and of some other ani-
mals, as unicorns, Deut. 33:17, and
goats, Dan. 8:5: a flask for oil, 1 Sam.
16:1, 16; as such a vessel was some-
times formed of the horn of an ox.
Horns, as indicating the strength of a
beast, are variously referred to in the
Scriptures: and the word is employed
to denote the triumph of an individual,
1 Sam. 2:1, and the power of kings,
Dan. 7:7, 20, 24; 8:3, 6, 20; Rev.
12:3; 13:1. Head ornaments were
sometimes fitted with horns, as repre-
sented in our engraving.
- HORNET, a large and strong species
of stinging insects, conjectured by Bruce
to be the zimb of Abyssinia, Deut. 7:20:
swarms were sent as a judgment from
God upon the wicked Canaanites, Exod.
23:28; Josh. 24:12.
- HORRIBLE, dreadful, shocking, Jer.
23:14; Psal. 11:6.
- HORRIBLY, dreadfully, Jer. 2:11, 12.
- HORROR, terror, Gen. 15:12.
- HORSE, a well-known noble and useful
animal, Job 39:18-25. Moses forbade
the people to keep many horses, Deut.
17:16; yet Solomon, in his pomp, pro-
cured forty thousand horses for his cha-
riots, 1 Kings 4:26; 10:29. Various
dispensations of Divine Providence are
represented under the emblems of red,
white, pale, and black horses, Rev. 6:2-
8; 19:14; Zech. 6:2-6.
- HORSEBACK, the state of riding on a
horse, Gen. 50:9.
- HORSELEECH, a species of large black-
ish worm living in the water, remarkable
for its fastening upon the flesh, and not
quitting it till entirely full of blood,
- HORSEMAN, a warrior or messenger
riding on horseback, 2 Kings 9:17; Nah.
3:3. Vast numbers of horsemen were
employed in some of the armies of the
Philistines, 1 Sam. 13:5; Syrians, 2 Sam.
10:18, and Egyptians, 2 Chron. 12:3.
Elisha regarded the great prophet Elijah,
his patron, and the friend of his country,
as "the chariot of Israel and the horse-
men thereof," 2 Kings 2:12: so king
Joash regarded the [respect]able prophet
- HOSAN'NA, Ώσαννα (save, I beseech thee),
a Jewish exclamation, often used in the
prayers of the Jews: it was shouted by
multitudes in a procession, when our
Saviour entered Jerusalem at His last
passover, they hoping that He was the
promised Messiah, Matt. 21:9-15.
- HOSE'A, [h] (saviour or salvation), a
prophet of Israel at the time that Isaiah
flourished in Judah: he exercised his
ministry about sixty years, Hos. 1:1.
- HOSEA, BOOK OF: the first in order of
the twelve minor prophets: it represents
the folly and wickedness of idolatry:
denounces the Divine judgments on
idolaters, and earnestly invites sinners,
with promises of mercy and grace, to
return in obedience to God. See Commentary.
- HOSEN, coverings for the legs, Dan.
- HOSHE'A, the same as Hosea and Joshua,
- HOSHEA, a usurper on the throne of
Israel, and the last of its kings; his
royal master, whom he murdered and
succeeded, was also a usurper, king
Pekah, 2 Kings 15:25-30; 17:4.
- HOSHEA, a pious chief of Judah in the
days of Nehemiah, Neh. 10:23.
- HOSPITALITY, kindness to strangers,
especially in giving them entertainment,
Rom. 12:13. Abraham, Gen. 18:2, 3,
and Lot, 19:1, 2, are commended as
examples of hospitality to Christians,
- HOST, one who entertains guests, Rom.
16:23: an innkeeper, Luke 10:35.
- HOST, a great number in orderly array,
as the heavenly luminaries, Gen. 2:1;
as the angels of God, Luke 2:13; as an
army, Exod. 14:4, 24.
- HOSTAGES, persons given as securities
to conquerors; as kings sometimes gave
their sons, or the sons of the nobles, as
pledges of their fidelity and of engage-
ments to pay the imposed taxes, 2 Kings
- HOSTS, multitudes in array, as the
Israelites, Exod. 12:41; and the angels
of God, Psal. 103:21. Hence that title
of the blessed God, LORD OF HOSTS.
- HOT, heated, as by the sun, Exod. 16:
21; or by fire, Dan. 3:22; or by anger,
Judg. 6:39; or with zeal, Rev. 3:15.
- HOTLY, with heat or passion, Gen.
- HOTTEST, most violent or dangerous,
2 Sam. 11:15.
- HOUGH (pronounced hok), to lame by
cutting the chief tendon on the back of
the leg, as of a horse, Josh. 11:6-9.
- HOUGHED, did hough or lame, Josh.
11:9; 2 Sam. 8:4.
- HOUR, the twenty-fourth part of the
day from noon to noon. Daniel is the
first that mentions the hour, Dan. 4:19,
33; which he is thought to have learnt
of the Chaldeans, and this mode of com-
puting time was adopted by the Greeks
and Romans, who reckoned twelve hours
in the day from morn to even, Matt. 20:
3, 5, 6, 12; John 11:9; and the same in
the night, Acts 23:23: hence the third
hour was nine o'clock, the sixth noon
or midnight, and the ninth was three
o'clock, Acts 27:45. See TIME. Hour
denotes a certain period, Luke 10:21:
season of acting, 22:53, or of trial,
- HOUSE, a family, Gen. 7:1; 12:1-17;
Exod. 12:23; as house of Israel, house
of David, 2 Sam. 3:1: kindred, 2 Sam.
7:18: lineal posterity, Luke 1:27: the
professed worshippers of God, Heb. 3:
2: the property belonging to a family,
- HOUSE, the habitation of a family,
Gen. 19:2, 3: the mortal body, the
habitation of the soul, 2 Cor. 5:1: the
grave, Job 30:23: the heavenly dwell-
ing-place, 2 Cor. 5:1, 2: a place of wor-
ship, as the tabernacle, Psal. 5:7: the
temple of Solomon, 1 Kings 6:12, 8:
27. Houses of the poor were miserable
dwellings, either tents or slightly built,
generally with rough stone or mud walls.
Those of the wealthy citizens or nobles
were spacious, and fitted up with great
elegance and expense, Jer. 22:14; Amos
3:16. Large houses usually had few
windows on the outside: they opened
into a court within, Luke 5:19, paved
with flag-stones or marble, having a well
or fountain of water, 2 Sam. 17:18.
In this court large companies might
assemble, when it was covered with a
kind of awning: a part of this, it appears,
was uncovered to let down the paralytic
man in the midst of the crowd before
Jesus, Mark 2:4. The rooms on the
ground-floor were used as stores for pro-
visions, oil, lodgings of servants, and the
upper story or chambers were furnished,
14:15: those on the farthest side were
alloted to the females of the family, and
called "palaces," 1 Kings 16:18. Ori-
ental dwelling-houses were constructed
very differently from those of our country;
and a correct idea of them may best be
formed from our engravings, which re-
present the more elegant houses of modern
- HOUSEHOLD, a large family dwelling
together, Gen. 18:19; Phil. 4:22.
- HOUSEHOLDER, the head of a family
with servants, Matt. 13:37.
- HOUSETOPS, terraces on the roofs of
eastern houses, so that persons might
walk, or even place their beds on them
for sleeping, Luke 5:19; 12:3; 17:31.
- HOW, in what manner or degree, a
word of inquiry or admiration, Exod. 10:
37; Matt. 23:37.
- HOWBEIT, nevertheless, Judg. 4:17;
- HOWL, a cry of deep distress, Joel 1:
5, 11, 13.
- HOWLED, did howl or cry in distress,
- HOWLING, crying in distress, Isa. 15:
8; Zech. 11:5.
- HOWLING, dreadful or dangerous, as
from howling beasts of prey and robbers,
- HUGE, very great, 2 Chron. 16:8.
- HUL, [h] (pain or expectation), a son of
Aram, and great-grandson of Noah, Gen.
- HUL'DAH, [h] (the world), a prophetess
of great fame for her sanctity in Judah,
when the nation was sunk in idolatry:
she was consulted to know the will of
God in a solemn crisis by the high-priest
Hilkiah, in the time of king Josiah, 2
Kings 22:14; 2 Chron. 34:22-28.
- HUMBLE, modest, lowly in mind, espe-
cially before God, Isa. 57:15; Jam. 4:6.
- HUMBLE, to bow down, as Pharaoh's
haughty spirit refused to do, in acknow-
ledgment of the glorious power of God,
Exod. 10:3; as a sinner is required in
seeking the mercy of God, Jam. 4:10.
- HUMBLED, made humble, as by afflic-
tion: thus Hezekiah and Manasseh hum-
bled themselves before God, 2 Chron.
32:26; 33:12: degraded, as a
woman robbed of her honour, Deut. 21:
14. Christ humbled Himself in suffering
death for our redemption, Phil. 2:8.
- HUMBLENESS, modesty or meekness,
- HUMBLY, modestly, piously, 2 Sam.
16:4; Mic. 6:8.
- HUMILIATION, a state of degradation,
as that of Christ in His sufferings for us,
- HUMILITY, modesty of mind, meek-
ness of heart, in opposition to self-suffi-
ciency and haughtiness of spirit, Prov.
15:33; Acts 20:19; 1 Pet. 5:5. Humi-
lity is not crouching mean-spiritedness,
but a disciplined state of the heart con-
sistent with true dignity of mind; for
it is a fruit of the Spirit of God. Humi-
lity may be seen in the pious temper
and modest, but dignified bearing, of
Daniel and his companions in Babylon,
Dan. 2:14-29; 3:16-19; 6:21, 22; and
also in the apostles of Christ, before the
Jewish rulers, Acts 4:8-20.
- HUNDRED, ten times ten in number,
Gen. 11:10; John 19:39.
- Hungarian Bible. See Ministry.
- HUNGER, pain from want of food,
Exod. 16:3; Luke 15:17.
- HUNGER, to desire food eagerly, Deut.
8:3: to desire vehemently, as the
godly do divine influences, Matt. 5:6.
- HUNGERED, pained by want of food,
Matt. 4:2; 12:3.
- HUNGRY, desirous of food, Prov. 6:30;
- HUNT, to chase wild animals, Gen.
27:5: to pursue, as punishment fol-
lows the guilty, Psal. 140:11: to ensnare
by deception, as is the practice of wicked
men, Ezek. 13:18-20.
- HUNTED, chased, as prey, Ezek. 13:21.
- HUNTER, one who chases wild animals,
- HUNTING, chasing wild animals, Gen.
- HUR, [h] (liberty or whiteness), a pious
friend of Moses and Aaron, thought to
have been their brother-in-law, the hus-
band of Miriam, Exod. 17:10-12; 24:
14. This Hur is believed to have been
of the tribe of Judah, the son of Caleb,
father of Uri, and grandfather of the
inspired mechanic Bezaleel, Exod. 31:
2; 1 Chron. 2:19, 20.
- HUR, a prince of the Midianites, Num.
- HURAM or HIRAM, 2 Chron. 2:3. See
- HURL, to throw with violence, Num.
- HURLING, throwing with violence, as
soldiers were trained to hurl stones, 1
- HURT, an injury, Gen. 26:29: loss
or damage, Acts 27:10.
- HURT, to injure or wound, Exod. 21:
35; 1 Sam. 25:7.
- HURT, wounded, Exod. 22:10: in-
jured, 1 Sam. 25:15.
- HURTFUL, injurious, Ezra 4:15; 1 Tim.
- HURTING, injuring, 1 Sam. 25:34.
- HUSBAND, a married man, Gen. 3:6;
Ruth 1:3: a protector, as God was to
Israel, Jer. 31:32; as Christ is to the [local]
church, 2 Cor. 11:2.
- HUSBANDMAN, a cultivator of land, a
farmer, Gen. 9:20.
- HUSBANDRY, the cultivation of land,
2 Chron. 26:11: the [local] church is God's
husbandry, as he cultivates it, by train-
ing its members in holiness, 1 Cor. 3:9;
- HU'SHAI, [h] (their haste), a faithful
friend of David, by whose wisdom the
sagacious counsel of Ahithophel was de-
feated, Absalom's rebellion overthrown,
and David restored to his throne, 2 Sam.
- HU'SHAM, [h] (their haste or sensuality),
a king of Edom, successor of Jobab,
- HUSK, the skin of fruit or grain, Num.
6:4; 2 Kings 4:42; Luke 15:16.
- HUZ'ZAB, [h] (molten), supposed to be
the queen of Nineveh, Nah. 2:7.
- HYMENE'US, [g] (nuptial, or the god
of marriage), an apostate from the gospel,
whose pernicious sentiments, denying the
resurrection to life eternal, were de-
nounced by Paul, 1 Tim. 1:20; 2 Tim. 2:17.
- HYMN, a sacred song, Matt. 26:30;
Eph. 5:19. Those used in the time of
our Saviour were taken from the book
- Hymn. See Music.
- HYPOCRISY, deceitful profession of
virtue, Mark 12:14, 15; or religion,
- HYPOCRITE, a false character in reli-
gion or morals, Isa. 9:17. Such were
the unprincipled scribes and Pharisees,
Matt. 23:13, 14.
- HYPOCRITICAL, deceitful in religion,
- HYSSOP, a garden herb, whose deter-
sive and cleansing qualities are well
known, Exod. 12:22; Heb. 9:19; John
19:. A species of hyssop grows wild
in the East, on the mountain-crags, or
even between stones, 1 Kings 4:33.
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