Bible Dictionary: F. 1840
, Heb. 12:2.
- FABLES, fictions, stories destitute of
truth, 1 Tim. 4:7; 2 Pet. 1:16.
- Fables. The theory of evolution is a lie.
- FACE, the surface, Gen. 1:2, 29; 2:6:
the countenance, Exod. 34:29-33: the
presence, 2:15. Face is referred to God
denoting his favour, Psal. 31:16; his
anger, 34:16; his manifest presence,
Exod. 33:11, 14, 20.
- FADE, to wither away, Isa. 1:30; Ezek.
47:2; Jam. 1:11.
- FADING, withering or perishing, Isa.
- FAIL, to be diminished or spent, Gen.
47:16: to decline, Luke 22:32: to
be insufficient, Heb. 11:32: to be desti-
- FAILED, did diminish, Josh. 3:16:
did decline, Job 19:14.
- FAILING, losing their power, Luke
- FAIN, willingly or gladly, Luke 15:16.
- FAINT, to lose vigour, Josh. 2:9, 24;
Heb. 12:3: to be insufficient, 11:32: to
be destitute, 12:15.
- FAINT, fatigued or weary, Judg. 8:
4, 5; 2 Sam. 21:15.
- FAINTED, did faint or become weak,
Gen. 47:13: did swoon or become
sick, Dan. 8:27.
- FAINT-HEARTED, timorous or fearful,
Deut. 20:8; Isa. 7:4.
- FAINTNESS, timorousness, dejection,
- FAIR, beautiful, Gen. 12:11-14; Acts
7:20: elegant, Isa. 5:9: delightful,
Matt. 16:2: plausible, Prov. 7:21.
- FAIRER, more beautiful or comely,
Judg. 15:2; Psal. 45:2; Dan. 1:15.
- FAIR-HAVENS, a place or town with
good anchorage for ships in the Medi-
terranean, on the coast of Crete, Acts
- FAIRS, periodical meetings of dealers
in merchandise, for the purposes of buy-
ing and selling, Ezek. 27:12, 27.
- FAITH, belief, an act of the mind giv-
ing credit to testimony or promises, Heb.
11:13. Faith in God, is the belief of His
existence as the Creator and Governor
of the world, Heb. 11:3, 6, 7: faith in
Christ, is the belief of Him as the only
Saviour of sinners, Rom. 3:22-24: faith
in the gospel, is believing its declarations
of pardon, holiness, and immortal bless-
edness, through the mediation, atone-
ment, and intercession, of the Son of
God, John 3:16; 2 Tim. 1:5-10; 1 Pet. 1:
3-7. Faith, as signifying the belief of a
manifest truth, is exercised by irreligious
or wicked men, and even by evil spirits:
but this bare credence is a dead faith,
and may consist with the most deter-
mined malignity of heart, as was the
character of the apostate Balaam, the
wicked prophet, Num. 24:13-16; Rev.
2:14; and as is the case with devils,
Jam. 2:17-19. Faith in true Christians
is a vital principle productive of real
holiness, and universal obedience, 1 Pet.
1:1-4, as it is believing with the heart
unto righteousness, Rom. 10:10: this dis-
position is a grace of the Holy Spirit,
Gal. 5:22; it is of the operation of God,
Col. 2:12; it is the principle by which
pious men live to the honour of God,
Rom. 1:17; it works by love, Gal. 5:6,
purifies the heart, Acts 15:9, and is the
means of spiritual blessings and eternal
salvation, Rom. 5:1-5; 1 Pet. 1:7-9. Faith
is put for the gospel believed, Gal. 1:22;
for the profession of Christianity, Rom.
1:8; for fidelity, or faithfulness in the
habits of life, Luke 18:8; for fidelity
in God, Rom. 3:3.
- Faith, a necessary part of true Bible salvation,
Rom. 10:17; Eph. 2:8, 9.
- FAITHFUL, firm in obedience, Num.
12:7, especially in religion, Col. 1:2-7.
God is faithful in performing His pro-
mises, 1 Cor. 1:7; 10:13.
- FAITHFULLY, honestly, 2 Kings 12:
15: generously, 3 John 5.
- FAITHFULNESS, truth, fidelity, and
honesty, Psal. 5:9. The faithfulness of
God is manifest in His performance of
His promises relating to the preservation
of the world, its ordinances and seasons.
Psal. 89:1-5; Isa. 54:9; Jer. 31:
35-37; and those relating to the coming
and kingdom of Christ, and the fulfilment
of the predictions in the Scriptures, Isa.
25:1; Rom. 15:4-12.
- FAITHLESS, unbelieving, Matt. 17:17;
- FALL, a ruin, Matt. 7:27: a ruinous
descent from a state of dignity and hon-
our, Prov. 16:18: as the fall of Israel,
Rom. 11:11, 12, is their descent from
the evident favour of God, by their
apostacy from his worship and ordi-
nances, and their rejection of Christ.
The fall of man is his descent from holi-
ness and happiness by the apostacy of
our first parents, by which moral depra-
vity and death have been inherited by
all mankind, Gen. 3:1-19; Rom. 5:19.
In the fall of man are seen, horrid in-
greatest infidelity,--daring contempt of
the majesty and justice of God,--prodi-
gious pride,--and cruelty to himself and
- FALL, to drop down, Gen. 49:17;
Num. 11:31: to attack, Judg. 8:21:
to be dishonoured, 1 Cor. 10:12; 2 Pet. 1:
10; or afflicted, Jam. 1:2: to apostatise
from Christianity, Heb. 6:6.
- FALLEN, dropped down, Judg. 3:25;
1 Sam. 5:3: become poor, Lev. 25:13:
dead, 2 Sam. 3:28: happened, Phil. 1:
- FALLING, dropping down, Isa. 34:
4; Acts 1:18: declining, 2 Thess. 2:3.
- FALLOW, ploughed, but not sowed, as
ground, Jer. 4:3.
- FALLOW-DEER, a red species of deer,
Deut. 14:5; 1 Kings 4:23. See DEER.
- FALSE, untrue, deceitful, Exod. 23:
1. False prophets, false apostles, and
false Christs, were impostors, Zech. 10:2;
Matt. 24:24; 2 Cor. 11:13; 2 Pet. 2:1.
- FALSEHOOD, treachery, 2 Sam. 18:
13; deceit, Jer. 10:14.
- FALSELY, untruly, Gen. 21:23; Lev.
6:3: perfidiously, 1 Pet. 3:16.
- FALSIFYING, counterfeiting, Amos
- FAME, common report of any one's
power, greatness, or excellency, Josh. 6:
27; 9:9; 1 Kings 10:1; Matt. 4:24.
- FAMILIAR, intimate, as a near friend,
- FAMILIARS, intimate friends or do-
mestics, Jer. 20:10.
- FAMILIAR SPIRIT, a spirit of divina-
tion--a wicked pretence to intimate
communication with celestial or infernal
spirits, so as to be able to fortel future
events, Lev. 20:6; 1 Sam. 28:
7, 8. See DIVINATION.
- FAMILY, a natural household, Exod.
12:4, 21: a kindred, Num. 36:6: a
nation, Zech. 14:18: the whole company
of the worshippers of God, including
good men and angels, Eph. 3:13.
- Family, The. God's original design for. See Tract.
- FAMINE, destitution of food in a
country, Gen. 12:10; 2 Kings 6:25.
- FAMISH, to be distressed by want of
food, Prov. 10:3. To famish the gods of
the earth, is to distress or punish idol-
ators, Zeph. 2:11.
- FAMISHED, distressed by want of food,
Gen. 41:55; Isa. 5:13.
- FAMOUS, of honourable name among
men, Num. 16:2.
- FAN, an instrument to winnow corn,
Isa. 30:24; Matt. 3:12.
- FAN, to winnow corn, Jer. 4:11: to
afflict, so as to purify by repentance,
denoted by the expression "to fan," Isa.
41:16; Jer. 51:2.
- FAR, very much, Gen. 18:25; Phil.
1:23: greatly, Eph. 1:21: very distant,
Isa. 10:3; Acts 11:19.
- FARE, the price of a passage, as in a
ship, Jon. 1:3.
- FARE, to be entertained or supplied,
1 Sam. 17:18.
- FARED, was entertained, Luke 16:19.
- FAREWELL, the expression of good
wishes on parting, Acts 15:29; 18:21.
- FARM, land cultivated for the growth
of corn and the feeding of cattle, Matt.
- FARTHING, a Roman coin of brass:
the assarion, Matt. 10:29, was the tenth
part of a Roman penny, or about three
farthings English: the quadrans, Mark
12:42, was equal to two mites, the fifth
part of the farthing English.
- FASHION, the pattern or form of a
thing, Gen. 6:15; Exod. 26:30; Phil.
2:8: the appearance, Luke 9:29; 1 Cor.
7:31: manner, Mark 2:12.
- FASHIONED, did fashion or form, Exod.
- FASHIONED, formed or perfectly made,
Job 10:8; Ezek. 16:7; Phil. 3:21.
- FASHIONING, framing or acting, 1 Pet.
- FAST, firmly, Prov. 4:13: closely, Job
38:38: securely, Judg. 15:13; 16:
11: near, Ruth 2:8: rapidly, Ezra 5:8.
- FAST, to abstain from food for an un-
usual period of time, Est. 4:16; Isa.
58:3, especially for the purpose of more
solemn prayer, Jer. 14:12; Matt. 6:16.
- Fast. See Prayer & Fasting.
- FASTED, did fast or abstain from food
on solemn occasions, 1 Sam. 31:13;
- FASTEN, to make fast or firm, Exod.
28:14: to fix, Jer. 10:4.
- FASTENED, did fasten or fix, Judg.
16:14; 1 Sam. 31:10; 1 Chron. 10:10;
- FASTENING, fixing, or looking stead-
fastly, Acts 3:4.
- FASTING, abstinence from the usual
refreshments of food, Dan 9:3. Moses,
Elijah, and Jesus Christ, fasted forty
days and forty nights at a time, Exod.
34:28; 1 Kings 19:3; Matt. 4:2.
Fasting and special humiliation with
prayer were customary in times of cala-
mity, and on other extraordinary occa-
sions, Judg. 20:26; Neh. 9:1, as the ordi-
nation of ministers, Acts 13:2; 14:23.
- Fasting. See Prayer & Fasting.
- FAT, the oily part of animals, Gen. 4:
4; Lev. 4:8, 26: the richest produce of
the land, Gen. 45:18: lustiness, fulness
of flesh, Psal. 17:10.
- FATHER, the male parent, Gen. 2:24:
a remote ancestor, John 4:12; 8:39,
53, 56: an inventor, or master of an art,
Gen. 4:20, 21: a religious instructor,
2 Kings 2:12: a [respect]ed counseller,
13:14: a patron, Job 29:16. God,
as our Creator and Preserver, is in the
highest sense our Father, Matt. 6:9;
23:3; Rom. 8:15. Satan, as the
prompter of the ungodly to sin, is virtu-
ally the father of the wicked, Matt. 13:
38; John 8:44; 1 John 3:8-10.
- Father, Distinguishing Title of the New Testament Psa. 103:13.
The Father, My Father, Your Father, Our Father,
Holy Father, Righteous Father, Abba Father--HL.
- FATHERLESS, without a father, desti-
tute, Exod. 22:22-24; Jam. 1:27.
- FATHOM, a measure of six feet, Acts
- FATLING, a young animal specially
fed, Isa. 11:6; Matt. 22:4.
- FATNESS, fruitfulness, Gen. 27:28:
spiritual blessings, Psal. 36:8; Jer.
- FATS, vessels to contain new wine or
oil, Joel 2:24; 3:13.
- FATTED, specially fed, as a calf, Luke
- FATTER, fuller of flesh, or more healthy,
- FAULT, offence, 1 Cor. 7:7: crime,
Gen. 41:9; Dan. 6:4.
- FAULTLESS, perfect, Heb. 8:7: free
from blame or defect, Jude 24.
- FAULTY, blamable, 2 Sam. 14:13:
criminal, Hos. 10:2.
- FAVOUR, kindness, Gen. 39:21;
Exod. 3:21: affection, Dan. 1:9: coun-
tenance or support in a cause, Acts
- FAVOUR, to support or countenance,
1 Sam. 29:6; Psal. 35:27.
- FAVOURABLE, propitious or kind, Job
- FAVOURED, regarded with kindness,
- FAVOURED, comely or handsome, Gen.
- FEAR, a natural passion by which we
flee from evil or danger, Neh. 6:14:
depressing dread, Gen. 9:2: awe of God,
Gen. 20:11: filial reverence, Jer. 32:
40: the whole knowledge and practice
of religion, Psal. 34:11.
- FEAR, to dread, Gen. 15:1: to regard
with circumspection, Heb. 4:1: to reve-
rence, Deut. 13:4.
- FEARED, did fear or dread, Gen. 19:
30; Exod. 9:20: did reverence, Neh. 7:
2; Acts 10:2.
- FEARFUL, terrible, Heb. 10:31: awful,
Exod. 15:11: timid, Isa. 35:4: cow-
ardly or base in conduct, Rev. 21:8.
- FEARFULLY, adapted to excite admi-
ration and fear, as the human frame,
- FEARFULNESS, timorousness, dread,
Isa. 21:4; 33:14.
- FEARING, dreading, Mark 5:33: wor-
shipping, Josh. 22:25.
- FEAST, an entertainment, Gen. 21:8.
God appointed many festivals to the
Israelites, to promote their religious
edification and social happiness: the
feast of unleavened bread or the pass-
over, of pentecost, and of tabernacles,
Exod. 12:14, 18, 27; Lev. 23:5, 15-
17, 34. See PASSOVER, PENTECOST,
- FEAST, to eat sumptuously, 2 Pet. 2:
13; Jude 12.
- FEASTED, did feast, or partake of an
entertainment, Job 1:4.
- FEASTING, eating at a feast, or feeding
joyfully, Est. 9:17; Eccles. 7:12.
- FEATHERED, covered or clothed with
feathers, Psal. 78:27.
- FEATHERS, the plumage or clothing of
birds, Lev. 1:16; Job 39:13: the pro-
tecting care of God, Psal. 91:4.
- FED, did feed, as a shepherd does
his flock, Gen. 30:36: supplied, as God
did the Israelites with manna, by miracle,
- FED, specially fatted, as beasts, Isa. 1:
11: supplied, Luke 16:21: instructed,
1 Cor. 3:2.
- FEEBLE, weak, as a person diseased,
Psal. 105:37; as a king, having lost his
counsellers and captains, 2 Sam. 4:1;
Jer. 50:43; as a kingdom, deprived of its
army, 49:24. "Feeble knees" denotes
timid doubting Christians, Heb. 12:12.
- FEEBLER, weaker or less flourishing,
- FEEBLENESS, weakness, infirmity, Jer.
- FEED, to eat, Isa. 27:10: to sup-
ply with food, 1 Kings 17:4: to tend
a flock, Gen. 37:12-16: to govern,
2 Sam. 5:2: to instruct and counsel,
John 21:15-17: to bless with saving
instruction and knowledge, Isa. 40:11.
- FEEDING, eating, as the beasts of the
field, Job 1:14; Matt. 8:30: tending, as
a shepherd, Gen. 37:2; Luke 17:7.
- FEEL, to discern by the touch, Gen.
27:12: to seek, Acts 17:27.
- FEELING, the act of perceiving, Eph.
4:19: sympathy, Heb. 4:15.
- FEET, the parts of the body which
touch the ground, Exod. 3:5: the seat
of a pupil in receiving instruction from
his tutor, Acts 22:3. Feet denote a
guide, Job 29:15; and labour, Isa.
32:20. To be "under the feet" is
to be degraded, 1 Cor. 15:25.
- FEIGN, to pretend, 2 Sam. 14:2; Luke
- FEIGNED, did feign or pretend, 1 Sam.
- FEIGNED, insincere or hypocritical,
Psal. 17:1; 2 Pet. 2:3.
- FEIGNEDLY, insincerely, Jer. 3:10.
- FE'LIX, Φηλιξ (happy or prosperous), a
Roman governor of Judea: he delivered
the country from the Egyptian magician,
who had headed a large body of the
people, to seize upon the temple and
city of Jerusalem, Acts 21:38, and from
the four thousand murderers, who were
headed by a noted robber named Eleazar,
whom he sent a prisoner to Rome, 24:
2; but he was a very bad man: for he
connived at the murder of Jonathan the
high-priest, and prevailed on Drusilla
to live with him as his wife, forsaking
her husband Azizus, king of Emessa.
Paul, knowing his evil character, "rea-
soned on righteousness, temperance, and
judgment to come," at which "Felix
trembled." His avarice led him fre-
quently to send for Paul, hoping to
extort some money from him; but his
crimes led to his being recalled to Rome,
A.D. 60, where he was saved from de-
served execution only by the interest of
his brother Pallas, 24:25-27.
- FELL, to cut down, 2 Kings 3:19.
- FELL, did fall, as on the ground, Gen.
44:14; or absorbed in a trance, Acts
10:10: did die, as in a plague, 1 Cor. 10:8
became an apostate, as miraculously with
spiritual gifts, 10:44.
- FELLED, did cut down, 2 Kings 3:25.
- FELLING, cutting down, 2 Kings 6:5.
- FELLOES, the circumferences of wheels,
1 Kings 7:33.
- FELLOW, a companion or associate,
Judg. 7:13, 22. Fellow is frequently
used as a term of contempt, Gen. 19:9;
1 Kings 22:27; Matt. 26:61, 71.
- FELLOW-CITIZENS, Eph. 2:19; fellow-
heirs, Eph. 3:16; fellow-helpers, 2 Cor.
8:23; fellow-labourers, Phil. 4:3;
fellow-prisoners, Rom. 16:7; fellow-
servants, Col. 1:7; Rev. 19:10; fellow-
soldiers, Phil. 2:25; and fellow-workers,
Col. 4:11; denote associates in those
- FELLOW OF JEHOVAH: Messiah is
called by Jehovah, "the [M]an that is my
[F]ellow," Zech. 13:7, denoting His essen-
tial Divinity, though appointed to become
incarnate, and suffer from the sword of
Divine justice, as our Redeemer, Phil.
2:6; John 1:1.
- FELLOWSHIP, companionship, common
interest, Lev. 6:2: so the first Christians
lived in holy fellowship with one another,
observing the ordinances of Christ, Acts
2:42. Believers being in a state of re-
conciliation with God, and holy obedi-
ence to his will, are said to "walk with
God," as Enoch, Gen. 5:22-24; and
thus in church communion, they are
said to "have fellowship...with the Father,
and with his Son Jesus Christ[,]" 1 John
1:3-6. Taking by the hand, in the ad-
mission of new members to a Christian
church, is "giving the right hand of
fellowship," Gal. 2:9. Companionship
with infidels, or with immoral persons,
is "fellowship with the unfruitful works
of darkness," Eph. 5:11.
- FELT, did feel, Gen. 27:22: pal-
pable, gross, thick, Exod. 10:21.
- FEMALE, one of the sex which brings
forth young, Gen. 1:27; 6:19; Gal. 3:28.
- FENCE, a wall or other enclosure, as of
a garden, Psal. 62:3.
- FENCED, fortified, as walled towns on
continents, Deut. 3:5; 2 Chron. 8:5;
or as a man in armour, 2 Sam. 23:7.
- FENS, marshy places in low lands by
the sides of rivers, Job 40:21.
- FERRET, a small animal, a species of
weasel, Lev. 11:30.
- FERRY-BOAT, a small boat used in the
conveying of passengers over a river,
2 Sam. 19:18.
- FERVENT, warm or ardent in mind,
Acts 18:25; 1 Pet. 4:8: burning or
dissolving, 2 Pet. 3:10.
- FERVENTLY, ardently, Col. 4:12; 1
- FES'TUS, Φηστος (festival or joyful), Por-
cius Festus, a Roman governor of Judea,
in which office he was the successor of
Felix, Acts 24:27. Festus is known
to us chiefly by his trial of Paul, who
had been detained two years in prison
at Cæsarea. Festus is thought to have
been influenced by a bribe from the
Jews, in proposing to send Paul to be
tried at Jerusalem: but their designs
were frustrated by his using his privilege
as a Roman citizen, and appealing to
Cæsar. Festus, being ignorant of the
gospel, on hearing Paul relate the his-
tory of his conversion, declared that he
had become mad by much learning. He
sent Paul to Rome, and is believed to
have died soon after; but he does not
appear to have embraced or investigated
Christianity, Acts 26:1-24.
- FETCH, to go and bring, Gen. 18:5;
27:9, 45; Acts 16:37: to strike
- FETCHED, did fetch, Gen. 18:7; 1
Kings 9:28: did traverse, 2 Kings 3:9;
- FETTERS, chains for the legs and
wrists of madmen and prisoners, 2 Kings
25:7; Matt. 5:4.
- FEVER, a disease with excessive heat
in the blood, Deut. 28:22.
- FEW, a comparatively small number,
Gen. 24:55; Matt. 7:14; Rev. 3:4.
- FEWER, a small number, Num. 33:
- FIDELITY, veracity, probity, Tit. 2:10.
- FIELD, a plot of land, Gen. 50:13; Lev.
19:19: the open country, Gen. 4:8:
the place of labour, as the whole inha-
bited world is the proper field of the
gospel ministry, Matt. 13:38.
- Field. See Countries of the World.
- FIERCE, violent or furious, Gen. 49:
7; Matt. 8:28.
- FIERCENESS, furiousness, Job 39:
- FIERCER, more vehement or power-
ful, 2 Sam. 19:49.
- FIERY, burning, Dan. 3:6: fierce,
Num. 21:6: piercing, Eph. 6:16:
severe, 1 Pet. 4:12.
- FIFTEEN, five and ten, Gen. 7:20;
- FIFTH, the next to the fourth, 1 Kings
- FIFTY, five tens, Gen. 6:15; Luke 7:
- FIGS, the nutritious and medicinal
fruit of the fig-tree; vast quantities of
which have been exported to all coun-
tries, 1 Sam. 25:18; 30:12.
- FIG-TREE, a very fruitful tree in Pa-
lestine and other warm countries, illus-
trative of the bountiful goodness of God,
by its growing in perfection on rocky
and barren places, affording the most de-
lightful shade, as some have said, for
three hundred men, and each tree gene-
rally yielding 280 pounds weight of figs,
1 Kings 4:25; Mic. 4:4; John 1:48.
Adam and Eve, after their transgression,
used the large leaves of this tree to make
themselves aprons, Gen. 3:7. Peace
and prosperity are represented by "every
man dwelling under his own vine and
fig-tree" in the reign of Solomon, 1 Kings
4:25; and the like security and happi-
ness are predicted of the blessed reign
of Messiah, Mic. 4:4. Figs were ripe
according to their species, from July to
October; but in mild winters, the first
ripe figs might be found on some syca-
more fig-trees as early as March: a
beautiful fig-tree of this kind that had
no fruit was cursed by our Saviour, an
emblem of the impending curse of Al-
mighty God upon the Jewish nation,
because of their unprofitableness and
unfruitfulness, Hos. 9:10; Mark 11:13.
- FIGHT, a battle between two armies,
1 Sam. 17:20: a contest or combat, as
between Christians and the powers of
darkness and sinful practices, 1 Tim. 6:
12; 2 Tim. 4:7: the conflict with perse-
cutions, as endured by the early Chris-
tians, Heb. 10:32.
- FIGHT, to contend in battle, Deut. 1:
41, 42; 1 Kings 22:31. God fights, in
exerting His power, Exod. 14:14.
Christians fight, in resisting sin and the
devil, by steadfast faith in Jesus Christ,
1 Tim. 6:12; 2 Tim. 4:7; Eph. 6:11, 17.
- FIGURE, a form, statue, or image,
Deut. 4:16; Isa. 44:13; 1 Kings 6:29:
a representation in office, as Adam,
Aaron, and others were, as public cha-
racters, figures, or representations of
Jesus Christ as our Mediator, Rom. 5:
14; Heb. 7.; and the Levitical cere-
monies were figures of his offices, and
of the more spiritual ordinances of the
gospel, Heb. 9:9, 24.
- FILE, a tool of steel with fine teeth to
smooth metals or sharpen iron instru-
ments, 1 Sam. 13:21.
- FILL, fulness or sufficiency, as of food,
Lev. 25:19; Deut. 23:24.
- FILL, to put into a vessel as much as
it can hold, Exod. 16:32: to lay up
store, Prov. 1:13: to influence, as God
fills the mind with wisdom, Exod. 28:
3; and with grace, Rom. 15:13. Men,
by sinning, fill up the measure of their
iniquity, Matt. 23:32; 1 Thess. 2:16.
Christ fills all things, being everywhere
present with His church, Eph. 1:23; 4:10.
- FILLED, did fill, as with water, Gen.
21:19; or with sand, 26:15: did
overspread, Exod. 1:7; 1 Kings 20:27.
- FILLED, made full or satisfied, as with
food, Deut. 26:12; or with pleasure,
Eccles. 1:8; 6:3, 7: influenced, Acts 2:4;
5:3; 13:9: excited or inflamed with
passion, 5:17; 13:45.
- FILLET, a band, especially an architec-
tural ornament round the top or bottom
of a pillar, Exod. 27:10-17; 36:38;
- FILLETED, ornamented with fillets,
Exod. 27:17; 38:28.
- FILLING, satisfying, Acts 14:17.
- FILTH, dirt, Nah. 3:16: moral pollu-
tion, Isa. 4:4.
- FILTHINESS, rubbish, 2 Chron. 29:
5: works of moral defilement, Ezra 6:
21: lewd speeches, Eph. 5:4.
- FILTHY, nasty, foul, Zech. 3:3: im-
moral, Col. 3:18; Rev. 22:11.
- FINALLY, lastly, enclosing, 2 Cor. 13:
- FIND, to discover, Gen. 29:11; 1
Sam. 24:19: to obtain, Matt. 7:7:
to recover, Luke 15:4-8.
- FINDING, discovering, Gen. 4:15; Job
9:10: obtaining, Acts 21:2: enjoying,
- FINE, precious, Ezra 8:27: pure, 2
Chron. 3:5, 8: beautiful in texture, Gen.
41:42: most wholesome, Lev. 2:1.
- FINE, to purify, as metal from the ore,
- FINER, a refiner, one who purifies me-
tals, Prov. 25:4.
- FINGERS, the wonderful members of
the human hand, by which all the as-
tonishing works of man have been per-
formed, 2 Sam. 21:20; Isa. 2:8; 17:3.
The finger of God denotes His infinite
power and skill, as seen in His works of
creation, Psal. 8:3. Miracles are works
wrought by the finger of God, Exod. 8:
19; 31:18: thus our Saviour wrought
His various miracles proving His divinity,
- FINING, refining or purifying, as me-
tals, Prov. 17:3.
- FINISH, to perfect or complete, as a
work or building, Gen. 6:16, or a course
of life, Acts 20:24. Messiah was ap-
pointed to finish transgression, by offering
Himself a sacrifice of atonement, Dan. 9:
24; John 19:30.
- FINISHED, did finish or complete, as a
building, 1 Kings 6:9; 7:1.
- FINISHED, completed, as the work of
creation, Gen. 2:1; as the Levitical in-
struments of religious service, Exod.
39:32; as the writing of the law,
Deut. 31:24; as the temple of Solo-
mon, 1 Kings 6:38; as the work of re-
demption by Jesus Christ on the cross,
according to the decrees of God, and the
predictions and types of Scripture, John
17:4; 19:30; Dan. 9:24.
- FINISHER, a title of Christ, as having
by His death and resurrection finished
the work of eternal redemption for sin-
- Finnish Bible, Suomi. See Ministry.
FINS, the wings or arms of a fish, Lev.
FIR-TREE, a beautiful and majestic
evergreen, Hos. 14:8, whose lofty height
and dense foliage afford a habitation for
large birds, Psal. 104:17, and a shelter
for the traveller, 2 Kings 19:23; its
timber, a kind of deal, was variously used
in Palestine, 2 Sam. 6:5; Ezek. 27:5.
FIRE, one of the principal elements of
nature, the source of heat and the means
of destruction, Deut. 4:11. Fire has
commonly been regarded as a symbol of
God, denoting His self-existence, holiness,
and glory, Dan. 7:9; Rev. 10:1. God
appeared to Moses in fire, Exod. 3:2;
he gave his law in fire, 19:18; and re-
vealed himself to his servants, the pro-
phets, in fire, Ezek. 1:4; Dan. 7:10; Rev.
1:14. Many of the divine judgments
have been executed by fire, as in Sodom
and Gomorrah, Gen. 19:24. God has
revealed that He will destroy the world
by fire, 2 Pet. 3:7, 12; and that with
fire He will torment the wicked for ever
in the prison of Hell, Matt. 25:41.
- Fire. Lost sinners go to this place.
FIREBRAND, a burning piece of wood,
Judg. 15:4; Amos 4:11.
FIREPANS, shovels to use at the fire
on the altar of burnt-offering, Exod.
FIRES, afflictions or calamities, Isa.
FIRKIN, a Grecian measure, supposed
to be equal to the Hebrew bath, about
seven gallons and a half, John 2:6. See
FIRM, solid, Job 41:23, 24: unchange-
able, Dan. 6:7.
FIRM, firmly, securely, Josh. 3:17; 4:3. FIRMAMENT, the firm and expanded
heavens, including those immense re-
gions in which the vast planetary and
stellary bodies are fixed by our glorious
Creator, Gen. 1:6, 8; Dan. 12:3.
FIRST, the chief or earliest in order or
time, Num. 24:20: hence, Adam was
the first man, 1 Cor. 15:45; Gen. 1:26.
FIRST-BEGOTTEN, FIRST-BORN from
the dead, and FIRST-BORN of every crea-
ture, are titles of our Saviour, denoting
His essential divinity, His true humanity,
and His official dignity, as our Mediator
with God, Col. 1:15; Rev. 1:5.
FIRST-BORN was a title among the
Hebrews of great importance, Gen. 27:
19, 32; and God claimed every first-born
Israelite as his own, on account of His
sparing them in Egypt, Exod. 13:2; in-
stead of whom he took the tribe of Levi,
Num. 3:12, 13, 39, 43.
FIRST-FRUITS, the earliest produce of
the land, which God required in Canaan
to be presented before him, in acknow-
ledgment of His being the Creator, Exod.
23:16, 19. Christ is the first-fruits
of the [several] resurrection[s], 1 Cor. 15:
20-23. Believers are the first-fruits of
the creatures, to glorify God, Jam. 1:18;
and their holy tempers, indicating their
sanctification, are the first-fruits of the
Spirit, Rom. 8:23. See EARNEST.
FIRSTLING, the first produce or off-
spring, Gen. 4:4; Exod. 13:12; Num.
FISH, animals living in the water, Gen.
1:26; 9:2, and of which several hundred
different species are reckoned by Lin-
næus. Some are monstrous, as the
whale, which sometimes exceeds 100 feet
in length. The multitude of fishes seems
to exceed all our conception: a single
cod-fish has been found to contain
9,344,000 eggs, a flounder 1,000,000, and
a mackarel 500,000. This vast fecundity
is adapted to their condition, as the
larger fishes live on the smaller, and
these on the various spawn. Palestine
was well supplied with fish from the
Mediterranean and Galilean seas, and
all having scales were clean by the law
of Moses, Lev. 11:9, 10. See WHALE.
FISHERMEN, men whose business or
trade is to catch fish for sale, Luke 5:2.
FISHERS, fishermen, Isa. 19:8; Matt.
4:18. Jesus Christ called His apostles
"fishers of men[,]" as they were commis-
sioned and qualified by Him to catch
men in the net of salvation by the
preaching of the gospel, 19.
- Fishers. See Personal Evangelism.
FISHING, catching of fish, John 21:3. FIST, the hand closed, as for smiting,
Exod. 21:18: the almighty power of
God, Prov. 30:4.
FIT, adapted or trained, 1 Chron. 7:
11: proper and becoming, Job 34:18;
Col. 3:18: useful, Luke 14:35.
FIT, to adjust, as a carpenter fits wood-
work, Isa. 44:13.
FITCHES, a species of wild pea:
vetches, Isa. 28:25, 27; Ezek. 4:9.
FITLY, suitably, Eph. 2:21; 4:16:
seasonably, Prov. 25:11.
FITTED, made to fit, as one piece upon
another in work, 1 Kings 6:35: pre-
pared, Rom. 9:22.
FIVE, four and one, Gen. 14:9; Matt.
14:17; John 4:18.
FIXED, firmly determined, Psal. 57:7:
placed, Luke 16:26.
FLAG, a large kind of river-rush, Exod.
2:3, 5; Job 8:11.
FLAGON, a wine-jug, holding sufficient
for one person to drink, 2 Sam. 6:19.
FLAKES, layers, as of flesh on the bones
of an animal, Job 41:23.
FLAME, a blazing light arising from a
fire, Exod. 3:2; Dan. 3:22.
FLAMING, blazing, Gen. 3:24; Ezek.
20:47; Nah. 2:3.
FLANKS, the side, or the fleshy parts
of a quadruped or a man, Lev. 3:4; Job
FLASH, a sudden blaze, Ezek. 1:14. FLAT, level with the ground, Num.
22:31; Josh. 6:5, 20: deformed by
depression, Lev. 21:18.
FLATTER, to praise falsely, Psal. 5:9;
FLATTERING, false or complimentary,
Job 32:21; Ezek. 12:24: pleasing by
flattery, 1 Thess. 2:5.
FLATTERY, false praise, Prov. 6:24;
FLAX, a fibrous plant from which the
finest thread and linen are made, Exod.
9:31; Prov. 31:13.
FLAY, to take the skin off a living
animal, to which the oppressions of the
rulers of Israel and Judah are compared
by the prophet, Mic. 3:3.
FLAYED, did take off the skins, as of
the sacrifices, 2 Chron. 35:11.
FLEA, a small insect, noted for its
agility, 1 Sam. 24:14.
FLED, did flee, Gen. 14:10; Josh. 10:16. FLED, escaped, Num. 35:32; 2 Sam.
19:9: betaken, as sinners to Christ for
salvation, Heb. 6:18.
FLEE, to run from impending danger,
FLEECE, the coat of wool shorn from
a sheep, Judg. 6:37-39.
FLEEING, escaping, Lev. 26:36;
FLESH, the soft part of an animal
body, Gen. 2:21; Num. 11:33: living
men and beasts, Gen. 6:13-19: all human
beings, ver. 12, Jer. 32:17: near rela-
tionship, Gen. 37:27: frail mortality,
17:5: the outward appearance, John
8:15: human wisdom, Matt. 16:17:
human merit, Rom. 4:1: state of unre-
generacy, 8:8: remains of sin in the
godly, Gal. 5:17: the human nature of
Christ, Heb. 10:10: the benefit of Christ's
humiliation and sacrifice, John 6:53-55.
"A heart of flesh," is a feeling, pious
state of mind, the fruit of regeneration,
Ezek. 11:19. To be "one flesh" is to
be indissolubly united in the sacred bonds
of marriage, Gen. 2:24.
FLESHLY, feeling, 2 Cor. 3:3: sen-
sual, 1 Pet. 2:11: corrupted in reason,
FLEW, did fly, Isa. 6:6: did haste,
1 Sam. 14:32.
FLIES, insects which swarm in hot
countries, especially in Egypt; and the
plague of flies was sent to punish the
Egyptians for their worshipping an idol
as their protector from those trouble-
some insects, Exod. 8:21-31.
FLINT, very hard stone, Deut. 8:15;
FLINTY, of or resembling flint, Deut.
FLOATS, flat-bottomed vessels for the
conveyance of heavy loads, as timber, by
water, 1 Kings 5:9; 2 Chron. 2:16.
FLOCK, a company of sheep or goats,
Gen. 21:28; 27:9: the people of
God's care, Jer. 13:17-20; Ezek. 34:
6-8; 36:38: the disciples and church
of Christ, who is the Shepherd and
Bishop of our souls, Isa. 40:11; Luke 12:
32; Acts 20:28; 1 Pet. 2:25.
FLOOD, a vast overflow of water, Gen.
6:17: the universal deluge, 9:11: the
river Euphrates, Josh. 24:2: the Red
sea, Psal. 56:6: the prevalence of error
by the influence of Satan, Isa. 59:19:
profusion of spiritual blessings, 44:3.
"Noah's flood" is the most awful of
the righteous Creator and Judge of the
world, in punishing guilty mankind; of
whom it is supposed by some learned
men, that there were thus overwhelmed
[one] times as many inhabitants as at pre-
sent on the earth, or about ,000,000,000
of persons! Scripture is most explicit
and full in its testimony concerning that
dreadful event; but infidels doubt or
reject that testimony: nevertheless its
truth is confirmed by the traditions of
all nations; and by the actual condition
of the earth's surface: for marine sub-
stances are found on inland plains, and
near the summits of the highest moun-
tains of Europe, Asia, and America; and
various remains of both land and sea
animals have been found imbedded in
different strata of the earth in elevated
situations, remote from the sea, and even
in rocks of stone, clearly indicating that
awful catastrophe, as recorded by Moses.
- Flood, Noah's. The worldwide flood which
God sent as judgment upon mankind, Gen. 6-9.
FLOOR, the bottom of a room, 1 Kings
6:15, 30: a place used for the threshing
of corn, Gen. 50:10.
FLOOR, to cover the bottom of a room,
as with boards, 2 Chron. 34:11.
FLOUR, the fine part of meal for the
making of bread, Exod. 29:2; Judg.
FLOURISH, to blossom as a tree, Psal.
90:6; 92:12: to prosper and increase,
FLOURISHED, budded and indicated
fruit-bearing, Sol. Song 6:11: became
active in beneficence, Phil. 4:10.
FLOURISHING, prospering in peace and
joy, Psal. 92:14: glorying in health
and royal magnificence, Dan. 4:4.
FLOW, to run, as the water in a brook,
Isa. 48:21: to assemble, as people, in
great multitudes, 2:2.
FLOWED, did flow, Josh. 4:18: did
befal, as troubles, Lam. 3:54.
FLOWERS, the beautiful and fragrant
blossoms of plants, as roses, Isa. 40:6:
ornaments resembling blossoms, 1 Kings
6:6, 18: the prime or vigour of life,
1 Sam. 2:33.
FLOWING, running, Isa. 66:12:
abounding, Exod. 3:8, 17.
FLUTE, a musical pipe, Dan. 3:5, 15. FLUTTER, to fly with agitation or ir-
regularity, Deut. 32:11.
FLUX, the act of flowing, a painful
disease with the voiding of blood, Acts
FLY, an insect of which the species
are numerous, especially in hot humid
countries, Exod. 8:21; Psal. 78:45;
FLY, to move swiftly, as a bird, Gen.
1:20: to proceed with haste, Isa. 11:14:
to vanish or decay, Prov. 23:5.
FLYING, moving as a bird in the air,
FLYING, capable of flying, Lev. 11:21;
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