Bible Dictionary: G. 1840
, Psal. 18:35.
- GA'AL, [h] (contempt or abomination), a
turbulent man, probably a descendant of
Hamor, an ancient prince of the Canaan-
ites, Judg. 9:26-41.
- GA'ASH, [h] (tempest), a hill in mount
Ephraim, near to which the people buried
Joshua, Josh. 24:30.
- GAB'BATHA, [g] (high or elevated),
the Hebrew name of an elevated gallery
or balcony in the palace of the Roman
governor at Jerusalem, and from its being
paved with marble, it was called the
Pavement, from the Greek Λιθοστρωτος,
- GA'BRIEL, [h] (strength of God), an
angel of high distinction in the presence of
God, as appears by his mission to Daniel,
Dan. 8:16; 9:21; to Zacharias, Luke
1:; and to the virgin Mary, ver. 26.
Some learned men have considered
Gabriel, as being the archangel, and the
Son[?] of God.
- GAD, [h] (a band or troop, or armed), a
son of Jacob of Zilpah, Gen. 30:11.
- GAD (the tribe of): this was one of the
tribes of Israel, and which was located
on the east of the river Jordan, Num.
1:25; 26:15-18; 32:1-33.
- GAD, an [important] seer or prophet, a
faithful friend of David, and one of the
original inspired writers of the books of
the Kings, 2 Sam. 24:11-19; 1 Chron.
- GAD, to ramble about idly, Jer. 2:36.
- GADARENES, [g] (surrounded or
fenced), the people of Gadara, the chief
city in the province of Perea, about five
miles east of the sea of Galilee; they
were also called Gergesenes, as being
by some supposed to have descended
from a remnant of the ancient Girgas-
hites, Gen. 10:16; Josh. 3:10.
- GAD'DI, [h] (my troop), one of the spies
sent by Moses to explore the land of
Canaan, Num. 13:11.
- GAD'DIEL, [h] (God is my happiness),
the spy from the tribe of Zebulon sent
to explore Canaan, Num. 13:10.
- GAIN, profit, Judg. 5:19; James 4:13:
advantage, Phil. 1:22.
- GAIN, to obtain a profit, Matt. 16:26;
or opportunity, Dan. 2:8: to influence,
1 Cor. 9:19-22.
- GAINED, obtained as profit, Matt. 25:
17-20; Luke 19:15; or loss, damage,
Acts 27:21: influenced, as by kind-
ness, Matt. 18:15.
- GAINSAY, to confute or contradict,
- GAINSAYERS, opponents, cavilling ene-
mies, Tit. 1:19.
- GAINSAYING, objecting, Acts 10:29:
contradicting or opposing, Rom. 10:21;
- GAIUS, Γαιος (earthy or lord), a generous
patron of the first preachers of the gos-
pel: he appears to have been a native of
Macedonia, Acts 19:29, but settled at
Corinth, to aid the apostle Paul and
others in their my. labours, Rom.
16:23. Gaius is believed by some to have
become bishop or pastor of the church at
- GAIUS of Derbe, Acts 20:4, is thought
to have been the hospitable friend of the
apostle John, and of other of the aposto-
lic mies., 3 John 1, 5.
- GALA'TIA, Γαλατια (milky or milk- white),
a province of Asia Minor, which, having
been seized by a body of Gauls, who had
been invited to aid the king of Bithy-
nia, was called Gaul-Asia, and afterwards
Gaul-Grecia, and thence Galatia. Paul's
labours were successful in the gathering
of churches in this province, and they
having been endangered in their prin-
ciples by some erroneous teachers, he
was inspired to write his Epistle to the
Christian Galatians, Acts 16:6; 18:
23; Gal. 1:2. Galatia is now a province
of Turkey, and called Natolia.
- GALATIANS, the Christians in the pro-
vince of Galatia, Gal. 3:1.
- GALATIANS, EPISTLE TO THE. Paul
having left the Galatian churches, con-
sisting of both Jews and Gentile con-
verts, their principles were perverted by
certain teachers, who required the ob-
servance of Levitical rites, slandering the
character of the apostle, as if he had re-
ceived no commission from Christ. To
reclaim the erring disciples, vindicating
his claims to the apostleship, refuting the
pernicious errors, and re-establishing the
purity of evangelical doctrine and prac-
tice, the apostle was inspired to write
this epistle to the Galatians, from Co-
rinth, about A.D. , Acts 16:6; 18:
1. It is chiefly remarkable for its state-
ment and illustration of the capital doc-
trine of the free justification of sinners,
through faith in the righteousness and
atonement of Jesus Christ. See Commentary.
- GALBANUM, an aromatic gum, ex-
tracted from the plant Bubon galbanum
of Linnæus; it grew in Arabia and Syria,
and formed an ingredient in the sacred
ointment, Exod. 30:34.
- GAL'EED, [h] (the heap of witness, or
Gilead), a large mountainous district east
of Jordan, containing several cities: the
name originated with Jacob and Laban
making a covenant of friendship and re-
conciliation at this place, Gen. 31:21,
25, 47; after which the whole district
around the mountain was so called. It
was celebrated for its excellent balm,
Gen. 37:25; Jer. 8:21.
- GALILEANS, the inhabitants of Galilee:
these consisted, in the time of our
Saviour's ministry, of a mingled people,
from several nations; they had, there-
fore, a peculiar or corrupt dialect, which
was readily perceived by the more
polished Jews of Jerusalem, Acts 2:7.
Jesus having spent His early years chiefly
in one of its cities, and having chosen His
apostles from that province, both He and
they were regarded as destitute of edu-
cation, and being recognised by their
dialect, were called Galileans, John 1:
46; 7:15, 41, 52; Mark 14:70.
- GALILEANS, a turbulent, political fac-
tion of the Jews, whose chief was Judas,
a Galilean, Luke 22:1, 2; Acts 5:37.
- GAL'ILEE, [h] (revolution of the wheel),
the most northern and the largest of the
three chief provinces of Canaan, Josh.
20:7; 1 Kings 9:11: the southern and
western parts of it were occupied by the
tribes of Naphthali, Issachar, and Zebu-
lon; and the northern and eastern parts
by the tribe of Asher, and half the tribe
of Manasseh, around the sea of Gennesa-
ret or Tiberias, Matt. 4:15-18; John 6:
1. This district, or, as some suppose,
part of it around Capernaum, was called
Galilee of the Gentiles, Isa. 9:1; Matt. 4:
15, because its population was increased
by numerous emigrants from the adja-
cent nations of Phœnicia, Syria, and
parts of Arabia.
- GALILEE, SEA OF: this body of water
is formed by the river Jordan, and is
called the sea of Tiberias, John 6:1,
and the lake of Gennesareth, Luke 5:1:
it is about fifteen miles long, and five
broad, abounding with fish, which af-
forded employment for many to supply
the surrounding towns of Bethsaida,
Capernaum, Chorazin, Dalmanutha, Ti-
berias, &c. See JORDAN.
- GALL, the bile, Job 16:13: what is
bitter, indicating wickedness, Deut. 32:
32: part of the nauseous draught given to
Christ: Matt. 27:34: impiety and
mental wickedness, Acts 8:23: deep
calamity, Jer. 8:14.
- GALLANT, stately in appearance or
motion, Isa. 33:21.
- GALLERIES, upper terraces in palaces
or mansions, Sol. Song 7:5; Ezek. 41:
- GALLEY, a large ship of the ancients,
having oars, Isa. 33:21.
- GAL'LIM, [h] (who heap up or who cover),
a city of Benjamin, 1 Sam. 25:44; Isa.
- GAL'LIO, [g] (he that sucks milk), a
Roman governor of Achaia, under the em-
peror Claudius Gallio, who was brother
to the famous moralist Seneca; but his
name was taken from Lucius Junius
Gallio, by whom he had been adopted as
his son. He was a discriminating magis-
trate, Acts 18:12-14: but a man of
no sense of religious principle, ver. 17.
Gallio is said to have been murdered by
order of the monster Nero.
- GALLOWS, a beam laid over two erect
posts, on which to hang malefactors,
Esth. 6:4; 7:10, 9:13.
- GAMA'LIEL, [h] (recompense of God, or
camel of God), prince of the tribe of
Manasseh, when Israel left Egypt, Num.
1:10; 2:20; 7:54.
- GAMALIEL, Γαμαλιηλ, the most cele-
brated Jewish doctor of the law at Jeru-
salem in the time of the apostles: he
was a Pharisee, and chief instructor of
the apostle Paul before his conversion to
Christ, Acts 22:3. Barnabas and Ste-
phen are supposed to have been among
his pupils, and he is believed to have
been a near relative of Nicodemus.
Gamaliel was greatly esteemed for his
wisdom, as is evident from his powerful
influence with the Jewish council, in
regard to the imprisonment of the apos-
tles, Acts 5:34-40.
- GAM'MADIMS, [h] (courageous men),
guards, invincibles in the garrison of
Tyre, Ezek. 27:11.
- GAP, a breach, as in a provocation
against God, Ezek. 13:5; 22:30.
- GAPED, did gape or stare, Job 16:10;
- GARDEN, a plot of ground enclosed for
the growth of plants, fruits, and flowers,
Gen. 2:15. Garden is used to denote
fertility, Num. 24:6; Deut. 11:10, and
an emblem of the church of God, whose
members are called "trees of righteous-
ness" and the "planting of the LORD,"
Isa. 58:11; 61:3.
- GARDENER, one that cultivates gar-
dens, John 20:15.
- GA'REB, [h] (a scab), one of the mighty
captains of David, 1 Chron. 11:40.
- GARLAND, a chaplet or crown of flowers
or ribands, worn at festivals by the pagan
priests and the idolatrous worshippers,
and also by their victims offered in
sacrifice, Acts 14:13.
- GARLICK, a plant resembling the onion,
much used for food, and even worshipped,
in Egypt, Num. 11:5.
- GARMENT, a chief robe or article of
clothing, Josh. 7:21; Matt. 21:8. The cos-
tume of the Israelites necessarily varied
with the changes of their circumstances.
In the patriarchal period, it is probable,
a dress similar to that of the Bedouin
Arabs prevailed; but, in the times of
their early kings, it would lose much of
its primitive rudeness, and adaptation to
the exigencies of a wandering life, and
approximate to the garments worn by
the oriental nations of the present day;
but with these differences, that the head-
dresses would be less various and fanci-
ful, sandals instead of shoes, and through-
out, a greater simplicity of embellish-
ment, and less attention to distinctions
of rank and office by forms of dress.
Our cut exhibits a party of townsmen
bidding farewell to their families, on
their departure for a festival at Jerusa-
lem, and shows the ordinary costume of
the second period. The turban or "bon-
net," the "upper and under garment,"
and the sash or "girdle," will be readily
- GARMENTS, articles of clothing, Gen.
35:2; Exod. 28:3: much of the
wealth of princes in the East consisted
in garments, 2 Kings 5:26; Neh. 7:70-
72. Various instructive allusions are
made to these necessaries of human life
and comfort by most of the sacred writers,
and by our Saviour. Peace, holiness, and
consolation, the blessings of the new
covenant, are called the "garments of
salvation," Isa. 61:10: "undefiled gar-
ments," denote personal sanctity in all
Christian graces, Rev. 3:4. Wedding
garments, as robes of honour, being pro-
vided by eastern princes and nobles, for
their guests at marriage feasts, our
Saviour refers to the custom in His para-
ble, Matt. 22:11, by which He teaches,
that the provisions of divine grace, in
which the robe of the righteousness of
Christ is "unto all and upon all them
that believe[,]" entitle them to all the
blessings of salvation with eternal glory
at the marriage supper of the Lamb,
Rom. 3:22; 5:17; Rev. 19:7-9. "[N]ew
cloth on an old garment[,]" refers to the
unfitness of cutting up a new garment to
repair an old one, for many reasons,
Matt. 9:16; Luke 5:36. "Wearing a
rough garment to deceive," denotes a
false teacher assuming the garb of an
extraordinary prophet, as in a hairy robe,
to impose upon the people, Zech. 13:4.
- GARNER, a granary, Psal. 144:13:
the storehouse of Christ for His saints in
Heaven, Luke 3:17.
- GARNISH, to adorn, decorate, or beau-
tify, Matt. 23:29.
- GARNISHED, adorned or beautified,
Job 26:13; Rev. 21:19.
- GARRISON, a military station with a
guard of soldiers for the defence of
a town or country, 1 Sam. 10:5; 2 Sam.
8:6; 2 Cor. 11:30.
- GAT, did get or acquire, 2 Sam. 8:
13: did obtain, Eccles. 2:8: did arise,
Exod. 24:18; Judg. 9:51.
- GATE, the entrance to a house or city,
Acts 3:2-10; 10:17; Luke 7:12. The
"strait gate[,]" denotes the entrance to a
life of holiness by regeneration, Matt.
7:13. Gate signifies power or dominion,
Gen. 22:17; and from this mode of
speech, especially as the chief entrance
to the city of Constantinople was by a
most magnificent and splendid gate, the
emperor of Turkey has assumed the title
of PORTE, the SUBLIME PORTE.
- GATES, the chief entrances, especially
of cities, Neh. 1:3; 7:3; Acts 9:24;
Rev. 21:12. Justice was commonly
administered in halls erected near to or
over the gates of cities, Deut. 21:19;
Ruth 4:11; 2 Sam. 15:2. Mordecai is
thought to have sat in the king's gate as
a magistrate, Esth. 2:19-21; 5:13. Coun-
cils were held in these halls, Jer. 39:
3: hence the counsels of wicked men and
of evil spirits are called the "gates of
hell[,]" Matt. 16:18. The "gates of
Zion[,]" denote the ordinances of Divine
worship, Psal. 87:2: the "gates of
death[,]" signify infirmities by mortal
diseases, Psal. 9:13.
- GATH, [h] (a wine press), a chief city of
the Philistines, Josh. 11:22; 1 Sam. 6:
17: it was about thirty-two miles west
of Jerusalem, and famous as the birth-
place of the giant Goliath, 17:4; 2
- GATH-HE'PHER, a city of Galilee, and
the native place of the prophet Jonah,
2 Kings 14:25.
- GATH-RIM'MON, the name of two cities,
one in the tribe of Dan, Josh. 21:24,
and another in Manasseh, ver. 25.
- GATHER, to collect, as stones for a
heap, Gen. 31:46; as the produce of
the earth in harvest, Lev. 25:5-20; as
an assembly or an army, Lev. 8:3;
Num. 20:8; Zeph. 14:2; as the nations
to Messiah, Gen. 49:10; Isa. 11:12; 56:
8; Jer. 3:17; Eph. 1:10; as the elect for
eternal salvation, Matt. 24:31.
- GATHERED, did collect, as food, Exod.
16:17-21: or wealth, Eccles. 2:8: or
an assembly, Acts 4:26.
- GATHERED, collected, as the harvest,
Exod. 23:16; as a people, Judg. 20:
1; received, as in death, the body was
placed with the mortal remains of the
family, and the soul with those of its
character in the world of spirits, Gen.
- Gathered. See 7 STEPS TO God.
- GATHERER, a collector, as of fruit,
Jer. 6:9; Amos 7:14.
- GATHERING, the act of assembling, as
the nations to the acknowledgment of
Christ, Gen. 49:10; and the saints to
ascend with him in glory, 2 Thess. 2:1:
the making of a pecuniary contribution,
1 Cor. 16:2.
- GATHERING, collecting, 1 Kings 17:
10; 2 Chron. 20:25: concluding or in-
ferring, Acts 16:10.
- GAVE, did give, as Adam gave names
to the creatures, Gen. 2:20: did offer for
a present, as Abraham gave a tenth part
of the spoils of his enemies, 14:20: did
bestow, as God gave His Son to be our
Mediator and Redeemer, John 3:16;
and His Spirit in all needful gifts for the
service of His church, Eph. 4:8-11; and
His blessed revelation, in the Scriptures
of His inspired prophets and apostles,
1 John 5:10: did die, as Abraham gave
up the ghost, Gen. 25:8.
- GAY, costly or rich, Jam. 2:6.
- GA'ZA, [h] (strong, or a goat), a princi-
pal city of the Philistines, given to Judah
by Joshua, Josh. 15:47; Judg. 1:18: it
lay about sixty miles south-west of Jeru-
salem, three miles from the Mediterra-
nean sea, and near to the confines of
Egypt, Gen. 10:19. Gaza is famous for
some of the exploits and the death of
Samson, while in possession of the Phi-
listines, Judg. 16:1-21. Being a border
town, its changes were many in the
course of ages. Alexander the Great
made it desolate, as predicted; but it was
rebuilt nearer to the sea; and in its
vicinity, the Ethiopian nobleman was
baptized by Philip, Acts 8:26. Gaza,
as a sea-port, has been called the "Key
of Syria:" it is now called Rassa.
- GAZE, to look or view intently, Exod.
- GAZING, looking with steady counte-
nance, Acts 1:11.
- GAZINGSTOCK, a person gazed at with
scorn, Nah. 3:6; Heb. 10:33.
- GE'BA, [h] (a hill), a city of Benjamin
given to the priests, Josh. 21:17.
- GE'BAL, [h] (boundary), a city in the
south of Canaan, Psal. 83:7.
- GE'BIM, [h] (grasshoppers), a town, sup-
posed to be in Judah, Isa. 10:31.
- GEDALI'AH, [h] (greatness of the Lord),
a Jewish prince, who swore allegiance to
the Chaldeans, as advised by Jeremiah.
He was made governor of Judea, by the
king of Babylon, after the taking of
Jerusalem, but treacherously assassinated
by a prince named Ishmael, 2 Kings
25:22-25; Jer. 40:5-16; 41:1-10.
- GEDE'ROTH, [h] (hedges), several
towns of little note in Judah, Josh. 15:
41; 2 Chron. 28:18.
- GEHA'ZI, [h] (valley of sight), a servant
of the prophet Elisha, perhaps also of
Elijah, noted for his avarice in obtaining
falsely in his master's name some of the
intended presents of Naaman, on account
of which he was afflicted with the leprosy,
as the miraculous visitation of God, 2
Kings 4:12; 5:21-27; 8:4, 5.
- GEHENNA, a literal place. See Hell.
- GENDER, to breed, Lev. 19:19: to
produce, 2 Tim. 2:23: to lead to, Gal.
- GENEALOGY, a register of ancestors in
a family or tribe: such was kept with
great care in the early ages, especially
by the Israelites, to distinguish the
several tribes, and for the sake of the
Messiah, who was to arise in the tribe of
Judah, Gen. 5. 10.; 1 Chron. 1. 4. 5:1; 9:
1. Many of the private, and some of the
public genealogies, were lost[?] during the
revolutions in Israel, during fifteen hun-
dred years from the time of Moses; hence
various difficulties and useless disputa-
tions arose among the vain and ambi-
tious, from the changes and omission of
names in the families of the Jews, 1 Tim.
1:4; Tit. 3:9. These difficulties exist to
some extent in the lists copied from the
acknowledged national registers, by Mat-
thew and Luke, Matt. 1.; Luke 3.
- GENERAL, one that has the command
over an army, 1 Chron. 27:34.
- GENERAL, the whole or universal, Heb.
- General. "To the general assembly and
church of the firstborn, which are written in heaven,"
- General. Christ's church: The Heavenly Assembly of
the saints (Heb. 12:23; 2:12).--DWC
- GENERALLY, without excep-
tion, 2 Sam. 17:11; Jer. 48:38.
- GENERATION, natural production or
birth, Deut. 23:2-8: progress, or course
of existence, Gen. 2:4: geneaology, 10:1:
the people of an age, 7:1: a particular
class of persons, Matt. 3:7; 12:59; 17:
17; 1 Pet. 2:9. "[T]he book of the genera-
tions of Adam[,]" is the history of his
creation and of his posterity, Gen. 5:1:
and the "book of the generation of Jesus
Christ," is the record of His ancestry and
course of life, Matt. 1:1. Generation sig-
nifies the ordinary period of human life,
which was upwards of one hundred years
in the time of Abraham; hence his de-
scendants were to return to Canaan in
the fourth generation, Gen. 15:14-16;
Exod. 12:40, 41. In the time of our
Saviour, human life was reduced to little
more than thirty years: hence He said,
"This generation shall not pass [away],
till all these things be fulfilled[,]" Matt.
24:34, which intended that, before the
decease of the Jews then living, Jerusa-
lem would be destroyed by the Romans:
and this calamity happened about thirty-
seven years afterwards. "[W]ho shall
declare his generation?" means the man-
ner of life and character of our Lord, as
his advocate on His trial before His con-
demnation. Such was the malignity of
the Jewish rulers who had determined
on His death, that no one dared to arise
and declare the innocency of our Saviour,
Isa. 53:8; Matt. 26:3, 15, 65.
- GEN'ESIS, Γενεσις (generation or creation):
this Greek title is used, because this first
book in the Bible relates the history of
the creation of all things by the word of
Almighty God. Genesis is the most
ancient book in the world; and without
its information, mankind would remain
in distressing ignorance of those great
subjects most necessary to be known as
the basis of all religion. But its records
concerning the creation; the fall of man
and his consequent suffering, misery, and
mortality; God's gracious promise of a
Saviour; the long duration of human life
in the first stages; the corruption of the
world; the universal deluge; the con-
fusion and diversity of languages; the
dispersion of mankind for the foundation
of nations; and the separation of Abra-
ham for the preservation of true religion,
and of a written revelation from God
until the times of the Messiah; prove this
book to have been composed under Divine
inspiration, and make it serve as the key
to the studies of historians, chronologers,
philosophers, and astronomers, even in
their various modern discoveries and im-
provements in general science. Genesis
evinces such simplicity in its narratives,
such consistency in its several parts,
such correctness in its dates, such accu-
racy in its philosophical details, such
purity in its morality, such impartiality
in its biography, and such benevolence
in its design, that it appears to every
serious reader as given by inspiration
from God. Moses is believed to have
written this book of Genesis while an
exile in Midian; and it contains the his-
tory of the world for the period of 2369
years, from the creation of Adam to the
death of Joseph in Egypt.
- GENESIS, to be taken literally. See Commentary.
- GENTILE, a heathen, one of another
nation, not a Jew, Rom. 2:9.
- GENTILES, [h] (the nations, or Gentiles),
Gen. 10:5; Isa. 11:10: thus all those were
called by the Hebrews who had not
received the faith of Abraham and the
laws of God by Moses. God gave His
written oracles to the Israelites, Rom.
9:4, constituting them His visible church,
Deut. 4:6-10, 20; to whose communion
converts were admitted from the nations
as proselytes, Matt. 23:15; Acts 2:11;
13:43. Messiah was promised espe-
cially, as a Redeemer, to the Gentiles,
Gen. 22:17, 18; Isa. 42:1-6; Rom. 15:
9-18; for their conversion, pious Jews
ardently prayed, Psal. 72:19; 1 Kings
8:41-43; and their incorporation with
the church was the subject of many pro-
phecies, Isa. 11.; 52:15; 60:3. The Jews
called all besides themselves Gentiles,
with singular contempt, John 7:35;
but Christ, by His mediation, broke down
the middle wall of partition between
Jews and Gentiles, Eph. 3:1, 6, 8, 14;
and commissioned His apostles to preach
salvation to the Gentiles, many of whom
were admitted by them into communion
with the church of God, Acts 10:45; 11:
1-18; 15:3. While the Jews have gene-
rally disowned Jesus Christ as the Mes-
siah, the books of the New Testament
have chiefly been written for the Gen-
tiles, who have constituted the body of
the church of the Redeemer, Eph. 3:1,
6, 8; who are now waiting and praying
for the conversion of Israel, with the
fulness of the nations, Rom. 11.
- GENTLE, mild, peaceable, amiable,
- GENTLENESS, mildness, amiableness,
- GENTLENESS OF CHRIST, Christian
kindness, possessed by influence of the
grace of Christ, 2 Cor. 10:1.
- GENTLENESS OF GOD, His merciful
GENTLY, tenderly, 2 Sam. 18:5;
GERAH, the smallest Hebrew coin, the
twentieth part of a shekel, and in value
about a penny halfpenny, Exod. 30:13;
GE'RAR, [h] (pilgrimage), a royal city
of the Philistines, Gen. 20:1; 26:1.
GERGESENES, [g] (those who come
from pilgrimage or fight), the Gadarenes, a
people on the east of the sea of Tiberias,
Matt. 8:28. See GADARENES.
GER'IZIM, [h] (safeties or cuttings), as
of reapers, a mountain about one thou-
sand feet high, near mount Ebal, at the
foot of which Sychar was situated, in
Samaria. Gerizim was fertile, but Ebal
was barren; and hence they were used
by the tribes of Israel on which to pro-
nounce with great solemnity the blessings
and curses of the law of God. Deut. 11:
29; Josh. 8:33. Gerizim became famous
for its temple, erected by the Samaritans,
who were settled in several cities by the
king of Assyria, 2 Kings 17:24-34, in
opposition to the temple built at Jerusa-
lem by the Jews who had returned from
Babylon, Ezra 4:1-10. The temple on
Gerizim was demolished about the year
129 B.C., by Hyrcanus, a Jewish prince;
but the mountain was still held sacred
by the Samaritans in the time of our
Saviour, John 4:20.
GER'SHOM, [h] (a stranger here), the
eldest son of Moses, born in Midian,
GER'SHON, [h] (a stranger), the eldest
son of Levi, Gen. 46:11.
GER'SHONITES, the family and de-
scendants of Gershon, a numerous branch
of the Levites, who served the taberna-
cle, Num 3:17-21.
GE'SHUR, [h] (a walled valley), a noted
city of Bashan in Syria, a daughter of
whose king, Talmai, was wife to David,
and mother of Absalom, 2 Sam. 3:3;
13:37, 38; 15:8.
GESH'URITES, the people of Geshur, a
clan of whom dwelt in the south of
Canaan, among the Philistines, Josh. 12:
5; 13:2-13; 1 Sam. 27:8.
GET, to obtain, as property, Gen.
34:10; or requisite supplies, Lev.
14:21, 22: to go to, or arrive at, a place,
Exod. 1:10; Acts 22:18.
GETTING, procuring, as property, Gen.
21:18; Prov. 21:6.
GETHSEM'ANE, [g] (a very fat
valley), a village, situated between Jeru-
salem at the foot of mount Olivet, and fa-
mous for its garden, in which our Saviour
endured His agony, Matt. 26:30-36.
GHOST, the old Saxon word for spirit,
Gen. 49:33; Matt. 27:50; Acts 5:10.
See SPIRIT, and HOLY SPIRIT.
GI'AH, [h] (to guide), a vale or stream,
near Gibeon, 2 Sam. 2:24.
GIANT, a monstrous or terrible man,
Gen. 6:4. Nimrod, in the Greek ver-
sion, is said to have been "a giant in the
earth," 10:8, and "a giant before the
LORD." Mighty, daring men, who were
terrible to others, are also called "Ana-
kims," "Rephaims," and "Emims," 14:
5; 15:20; Deut. 2:10, 11. Some of theses
terrible men were of great stature, 3:
11-13. Goliath was upwards of ten feet
in height, 1 Sam. 17:4; and several
members of his family were of extra-
ordinary height, 2 Sam. 21:16-22.
GIB'BETHON, [h] (a high house), a city
of Dan, given to the Levites, but mostly
possessed by the Philistines, Josh. 21:
23; 1 Kings 15:27; 16:15.
GIB'BEAH, [h] (a hill), a city of Judah,
but possessed by Benjamin, Josh. 15:57:
it is memorable for its being destroyed,
when the tribe of Benjamin was nearly
ruined, Judg. 19.; 20. Gibeah was re-
built, and became the residence of king
Saul, 1 Sam. 15:34; 2 Sam. 21:6.
GIB'EON, [h] (a hill), a city of Judah,
famous for the treaty of its elders with
Joshua, and for the miracle of the sun
and moon standing still over it, when he
conquered the five confederate kings,
Josh. 9:1-12; 10:3-26.
GIB'EONITES, the citizens of Gibeon, a
tribe of the Amorites, who secured an
alliance with Israel, Josh. 9:3-17. Having
been injured by king Saul, they were
avenged on his posterity, by the indi-
cated will of God, 2 Sam. 21:1-9.
GID'EON, [h] (he that bruises), a man
of the tribe of Manasseh, and one of the
judges of Israel, Judg. 6:11-15. Gideon
was famous for his deliverance of the
people of Israel from the oppressions of
the Midianites, 7; 8.
GIER-EAGLE, a species of vulture, Lev.
GIFT, a present, Gen. 34:12; Exod.
23:8: a favour bestowed, Esth. 2:18;
9:22; Dan. 2:6; 5:17. Jesus Christ is
God's unspeakable gift to mankind, John
3:16; 4:10; 2 Cor. 9:15. Eternal life
is the gift of God, Rom. 6:23. Spiritual
blessings are the gifts of God, 1 Cor. 12:
1-4; 14:1-12. Ministerial endowments,
apostolical and pastoral, are bestowed by
Christ, as the exalted, Redeemer, Eph.
4:8. Every good gift, intellectual and
moral, is originally from God, James 1:.
GI'HON, [h] (valley of grace), one of the
four primitive rivers in the land of Eden,
GIHON, a fountain at Jerusalem, where
the people proclaimed king Solomon,
1 Kings 1:33, 38, 45; 2 Chron. 32:30.
GIL'BOA, [h] (a revolution of inquiry), a
range of mountains in Samaria, famous
for the fall of king Saul and his three
sons, in a battle, when defeated by the
Philistines, 1 Sam. 28:4; 31:1-8.
GIL'EAD or GALEED, a district east of
Jordan, Gen. 31:47, 48; Num. 32:
1, 40. See GALEED.
GIL'EADITE, a native of Gilead, Judg.
10:3; 2 Sam. 17:27.
GIL'GAL, [h] (a wheel, a revolution), a
place near the famous passage of the
Jordan, Josh. 4:19, 20, where Joshua
pitched the camp of Israel, and observed
circumcision, 5:9, 10.
GIL'GAL, a city near the river Jordan,
where Saul was confirmed king of Israel,
1 Sam. 12:14, 15.
GI'LOH, [h] (he that rejoices), a city of
Judah, Josh. 15:51.
GI'LONITE, a citizen of Giloh, as
Ahithophel, 2 Sam. 15:12.
GIN, a net, as for the taking of birds,
Amos 3:5: a snare, as a teacher hated
by irreligious men, Isa. 8:14.
GIRD, to bind or fasten anything, as a
robe to the body, Exod. 24:5; Acts 12:
8: or a weapon to the side, Judg. 3:16;
GIRDED, did gird, Lev. 8:7; Ezek.
16:10; Josh. 13:4.
GIRDED, bound, as with a robe by a
girdle, Psal. 109:19; Rev. 15:6.
GIRDING, a robe or girdle, Isa. 3:24. GIRDLE, a sash or belt to fasten loose
garments, as worn in the East: some
were of golden wrought stuffs, Rev. 1:
13; 15:13; Exod. 28:8. Those of
Elijah and John were leather, 2 Kings
1:8; Matt. 3:4. Sackcloth was used for
parts of girdles in seasons of mourning
and calamity, Isa. 3:24. Some girdles
denoted office, as of a commander in the
army, 2 Sam. 18:11.
GIR'GASHITES, [h] (who arrives from
pilgrimage), an ancient people of Canaan,
on the east of the sea of Tiberias, Gen.
10:16; 15:21; Judg. 3:10. See GERGE-
GIRL, a young woman, or female child,
Joel 3:3; Zech. 8:5
GIRT, girded or dressed, as for a jour-
ney, 2 Kings 1:8. The "loins girt about
with truth," Eph. 6:14, means the mind
being sanctified by an intelligent recep-
tion of the doctrine of Christ, so as to be
ready for the service of God.
GIT'TITE, [h] (a wine press), a native of
Gath, as Goliath, 2 Sam. 21:19, and
Obededom and Ittai, friends of David, 6:
10, 11; 15:19.
GIT'TITH, [h] (a wine press), relating
to Gath: this word occurs in the titles
of Psalms, 8. 81. and 84., and
means that they are to be played on a
harp, or tune of Gath; according to
others, after the defeat of Goliath, or at
the time of the vintage, when the presses
burst out with new wine, Prov 3:10.
GIVE, to bestow freely, Luke 11:13:
to grant, Gen. 14:21: to allot, Num.
26:54: to pay, Psal. 49:7: to devote,
GIVEN, offered, Gen. 15:13; 21:7:
granted as a favour, 24:35: com-
mitted, Dan. 2:38; Eph. 3:2-8: im-
parted, Rom. 5:5; 1 John 3:24: paid,
2 Sam. 18:11: addicted, Eph. 4:19.
GIVER, he who gives, as a donor,
2 Cor. 9:7: or a lender, Isa. 24:2.
GIVING, affording, Deut. 10:18: grant-
ing, Ruth 1:6: attributing, Rom. 4:20:
proclaiming, Acts 8:9.
GLAD, joyful, Exod. 4:14; Acts 11:
23: merry, Esth. 5:9; Hos. 7:3.
GLADLY, joyfully, Acts 21:17: fa-
vourably, Mark 6:20: willingly, cheer-
fully, 2 Cor. 12:9.
GLADNESS, joyfulness, 2 Sam. 6:12;
Phil. 2:29: merriment, Esth. 9:17; Jer.
GLASS, transparent substance, made
by fusing fixed salts and flint or sand
together: it was first invented in Syria,
several centuries before the birth of
Christ. Ancient looking-glasses, how-
ever, were mirrors made of copper highly
polished, Exod. 38:8; Isa. 3:23;
Job 38:18: and the apostles seem
to refer to bright metal mirrors, 2 Cor.
3:18; James 1:17, 18.
GLEAN, to gather grapes and ears of
corn, left by the reapers and fruit-pickers,
Lev. 19:9, 10; Ruth 2:2.
GLEANED, did glean, Judg. 20:45;
GLEANING, corn or fruits obtained by
the gleaners, Lev. 19:9; Jer. 49:9.
GLEDGE, a bird of prey, the black vul-
ture, Deut. 14:13; Lev. 11:14.
GLISTERING, splendidly bright, 1
Chron. 29:2; Luke 9:29.
GLITTER, to shine, as a polished sword,
GLITTERING, very bright or shining,
as a polished steel weapon, Deut. 32:
41; Hab. 3:11.
GLOOMINESS, threatening or terrify-
ing darkness, Joel 2:2.
GLORIFIED, did glorify, praise, or hon-
our, Matt. 15:31; Acts 4:21.
GLORIFIED, honoured, as God has glo-
rified Christ, by sustaining Him through
His sufferings in His work of mediation,
raising Him to the honour of His throne
after it was accomplished, granting Him
the gifts of the Holy Spirit, for the
supply of the church, and, as the reward
of His sufferings, blessing the nations
with the knowledge of His name, and a
participation of His exalted glories as
their Saviour, John 7:39; 17:1, 4, 23;
Acts 3:13; 2 Thess. 1:10.
GLORIFY, to make great with im-
mortal honour and happiness, as God
will glorify His people, Jer. 30:19;
Rom. 8:17-30. To glorify God, is to
set forth the excellency of His Divine
perfections; celebrating His greatness
and goodness with our lips and in our
lives, Psal. 50:23; 1 Cor. 6:20; 10:31. God
glorifies His name by manifesting His
faithfulness in the fulfilment of His gra-
cious promises, John 12:28.
GLORIFYING, praising and honouring,
Luke 2:20; 5:25.
GLORIOUS, great with excellency and
honour: thus God is essentially and infi-
nitely glorious, Exod. 15:6: the name
of Christ, as the Son of God and our
Saviour, is glorious, Psal. 72:19: his
gospel is glorious, as the declaration of
the harmony of the Divine perfections
in the salvation of sinners through Christ,
2 Cor. 4:4; 1 Tim. 1:11: the second
coming of Christ will be glorious, Tit. 2:
13: the final state of the saints will be
divinely glorious, Rom. 8:21; Eph. 5:27.
GLORIOUSLY, majestically with hon-
our, power, and splendour, Exod. 15:1;
GLORY, greatness, excellency, honour,
and happiness, Est. 5:11. God's glory
is declared by the grandeur and excel-
lency of His works, Psal. 19:1: the gos-
pel, as a system of divine grace and
mercy to mankind, by the incarnation
of the Son of God, manifests His glory,
Eph. 1:17, 18: the future condition of
the righteous will especially display his
glory, 1 Pet. 4:13; 5:1-10; Rev. 21:23.
GLORY, to rejoice or boast, Psal. 106:5;
Jer. 9:23, 24; 1 Cor. 1:29.
GLORYING, rejoicing or boasting, 1 Cor.
5:6; 2 Cor. 7:4.
GLUTTON, an excessive eater, a sen-
sualist, Deut. 21:20; Prov. 23:21.
GLUTTONOUS, greedy or excessive in
eating, Matt. 11:19.
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