Bible Dictionary: G.   1840

  1. GA'AL, [h] (contempt or abomination), a
    turbulent man, probably a descendant of
    Hamor, an ancient prince of the Canaan-
    ites, Judg. 9:26-41.
  2. GA'ASH, [h] (tempest), a hill in mount
    Ephraim, near to which the people buried
    Joshua, Josh. 24:30.
  3. GAB'BATHA, [g] (high or elevated),
    the Hebrew name of an elevated gallery
    or balcony in the palace of the Roman
    governor at Jerusalem, and from its being
    paved with marble, it was called the
    Pavement, from the Greek Λιθοστρωτος,
    John 19:13.
  4. GA'BRIEL, [h] (strength of God), an
    angel of high distinction in the presence of
    God, as appears by his mission to Daniel,
    Dan. 8:16; 9:21; to Zacharias, Luke
    1:[19]; and to the virgin Mary, ver. 26.
    Some learned men have considered
    Gabriel, as being the archangel, and the
    Son[?] of God.
  5. GAD, [h] (a band or troop, or armed), a
    son of Jacob of Zilpah, Gen. 30:11.
  6. GAD (the tribe of): this was one of the
    tribes of Israel, and which was located
    on the east of the river Jordan, Num.
    1:25; 26:15-18; 32:1-33.
  7. GAD, an [important] seer or prophet, a
    faithful friend of David, and one of the
    original inspired writers of the books of
    the Kings, 2 Sam. 24:11-19; 1 Chron.
    29:29.
  8. GAD, to ramble about idly, Jer. 2:36.
  9. GADARENES, [g] (surrounded or
    fenced), the people of Gadara, the chief
    city in the province of Perea, about five
    miles east of the sea of Galilee; they
    were also called Gergesenes, as being
    by some supposed to have descended
    from a remnant of the ancient Girgas-
    hites, Gen. 10:16; Josh. 3:10.
  10. GAD'DI, [h] (my troop), one of the spies
    sent by Moses to explore the land of
    Canaan, Num. 13:11.
  11. GAD'DIEL, [h] (God is my happiness),
    the spy from the tribe of Zebulon sent
    to explore Canaan, Num. 13:10.
  12. GAIN, profit, Judg. 5:19; James 4:13:
    advantage, Phil. 1:22.
  13. GAIN, to obtain a profit, Matt. 16:26;
    or opportunity, Dan. 2:8: to influence,
    1 Cor. 9:19-22.
  14. GAINED, obtained as profit, Matt. 25:
    17-20; Luke 19:15; or loss, damage,
    Acts 27:21: influenced, as by kind-
    ness, Matt. 18:15.
  15. GAINSAY, to confute or contradict,
    Luke 21:15.
  16. GAINSAYERS, opponents, cavilling ene-
    mies, Tit. 1:19.
  17. GAINSAYING, objecting, Acts 10:29:
    contradicting or opposing, Rom. 10:21;
    Jude 11.
  18. GAIUS, Γαιος (earthy or lord), a generous
    patron of the first preachers of the gos-
    pel: he appears to have been a native of
    Macedonia, Acts 19:29, but settled at
    Corinth, to aid the apostle Paul and
    others in their my. labours, Rom.
    16:23.   Gaius is believed by some to have
    become bishop or pastor of the church at
    Thessalonica.
  19. GAIUS of Derbe, Acts 20:4, is thought
    to have been the hospitable friend of the
    apostle John, and of other of the aposto-
    lic mies., 3 John 1, 5.
  20. GALA'TIA, Γαλατια (milky or milk- white),
    a province of Asia Minor, which, having
    been seized by a body of Gauls, who had
    been invited to aid the king of Bithy-
    nia, was called Gaul-Asia, and afterwards
    Gaul-Grecia, and thence Galatia.   Paul's
    labours were successful in the gathering
    of churches in this province, and they
    having been endangered in their prin-
    ciples by some erroneous teachers, he
    was inspired to write his Epistle to the
    Christian Galatians, Acts 16:6; 18:
    23; Gal. 1:2.   Galatia is now a province
    of Turkey, and called Natolia.
  21. GALATIANS, the Christians in the pro-
    vince of Galatia, Gal. 3:1.
  22. GALATIANS, EPISTLE TO THE.   Paul
    having left the Galatian churches, con-
    sisting of both Jews and Gentile con-
    verts, their principles were perverted by
    certain teachers, who required the ob-
    servance of Levitical rites, slandering the
    character of the apostle, as if he had re-
    ceived no commission from Christ.   To
    reclaim the erring disciples, vindicating
    his claims to the apostleship, refuting the
    pernicious errors, and re-establishing the
    purity of evangelical doctrine and prac-
    tice, the apostle was inspired to write
    this epistle to the Galatians, from Co-
    rinth, about A.D. [53], Acts 16:6; 18:
    1.   It is chiefly remarkable for its state-
    ment and illustration of the capital doc-
    trine of the free justification of sinners,
    through faith in the righteousness and
    atonement of Jesus Christ.   See
    Commentary.
  23. GALBANUM, an aromatic gum, ex-
    tracted from the plant Bubon galbanum
    of Linnæus; it grew in Arabia and Syria,
    and formed an ingredient in the sacred
    ointment, Exod. 30:34.
  24. GAL'EED, [h] (the heap of witness, or
    Gilead), a large mountainous district east
    of Jordan, containing several cities: the
    name originated with Jacob and Laban
    making a covenant of friendship and re-
    conciliation at this place, Gen. 31:21,
    25, 47; after which the whole district
    around the mountain was so called.   It
    was celebrated for its excellent balm,
    Gen. 37:25; Jer. 8:21.
  25. GALILEANS, the inhabitants of Galilee:
    these consisted, in the time of our
    Saviour's ministry, of a mingled people,
    from several nations; they had, there-
    fore, a peculiar or corrupt dialect, which
    was readily perceived by the more
    polished Jews of Jerusalem, Acts 2:7.
    Jesus having spent His early years chiefly
    in one of its cities, and having chosen His
    apostles from that province
    , both He and
    they were regarded as destitute of edu-
    cation, and being recognised by their
    dialect, were called Galileans, John 1:
    46; 7:15, 41, 52; Mark 14:70.
  26. GALILEANS, a turbulent, political fac-
    tion of the Jews, whose chief was Judas,
    a Galilean, Luke 22:1, 2; Acts 5:37.
  27. GAL'ILEE, [h] (revolution of the wheel),
    the most northern and the largest of the
    three chief provinces of
    Canaan, Josh.
    20:7; 1 Kings 9:11: the southern and
    western parts of it were occupied by the
    tribes of Naphthali, Issachar, and Zebu-
    lon; and the northern and eastern parts
    by the tribe of Asher, and half the tribe
    of Manasseh, around the sea of Gennesa-
    ret or Tiberias, Matt. 4:15-18; John 6:
    1.   This district, or, as some suppose,
    part of it around Capernaum, was called
    Galilee of the Gentiles, Isa. 9:1; Matt. 4:
    15, because its population was increased
    by numerous emigrants from the adja-
    cent nations of Phœnicia, Syria, and
    parts of Arabia.
  28. GALILEE, SEA OF: this body of water
    is formed by the river Jordan, and is
    called the sea of Tiberias, John 6:1,
    and the lake of Gennesareth, Luke 5:1:
    it is about fifteen miles long, and five
    broad, abounding with fish, which af-
    forded employment for many to supply
    the surrounding towns of Bethsaida,
    Capernaum, Chorazin, Dalmanutha, Ti-
    berias, &c.   See
    JORDAN.
  29. GALL, the bile, Job 16:13: what is
    bitter, indicating wickedness, Deut. 32:
    32: part of the nauseous draught given to
    Christ: Matt. 27:34: impiety and
    mental wickedness, Acts 8:23: deep
    calamity, Jer. 8:14.
  30. GALLANT, stately in appearance or
    motion, Isa. 33:21.
  31. GALLERIES, upper terraces in palaces
    or mansions, Sol. Song 7:5; Ezek. 41:
    15; 42:3.
  32. GALLEY, a large ship of the ancients,
    having oars, Isa. 33:21.
  33. GAL'LIM, [h] (who heap up or who cover),
    a city of Benjamin, 1 Sam. 25:44; Isa.
    10:30.
  34. GAL'LIO, [g] (he that sucks milk), a
    Roman governor of Achaia, under the em-
    peror Claudius Gallio, who was brother
    to the famous moralist Seneca; but his
    name was taken from Lucius Junius
    Gallio, by whom he had been adopted as
    his son.   He was a discriminating magis-
    trate, Acts 18:12-14: but a man of
    no sense of religious principle, ver. 17.
    Gallio is said to have been murdered by
    order of the monster Nero.
  35. GALLOWS, a beam laid over two erect
    posts, on which to hang malefactors,
    Esth. 6:4; 7:10, 9:13.
  36. GAMA'LIEL, [h] (recompense of God, or
    camel of God), prince of the tribe of
    Manasseh, when Israel left Egypt, Num.
    1:10; 2:20; 7:54.
  37. GAMALIEL, Γαμαλιηλ, the most cele-
    brated Jewish doctor of the law at Jeru-
    salem in the time of the apostles: he
    was a Pharisee, and chief instructor of
    the apostle
    Paul before his conversion to
    Christ, Acts 22:3.   Barnabas and Ste-
    phen
    are supposed to have been among
    his pupils, and he is believed to have
    been a near relative of Nicodemus.
    Gamaliel was greatly esteemed for his
    wisdom, as is evident from his powerful
    influence with the Jewish council, in
    regard to the imprisonment of the apos-
    tles, Acts 5:34-40.
  38. GAM'MADIMS, [h] (courageous men),
    guards, invincibles in the garrison of
    Tyre, Ezek. 27:11.
  39. GAP, a breach, as in a provocation
    against God, Ezek. 13:5; 22:30.
  40. GAPED, did gape or stare, Job 16:10;
    Psal. 22:13.
  41. GARDEN, a plot of ground enclosed for
    the growth of plants, fruits, and flowers,
    Gen. 2:15.   Garden is used to denote
    fertility, Num. 24:6; Deut. 11:10, and
    an emblem of the church of God, whose
    members are called "trees of righteous-
    ness"
    and the "planting of the LORD,"
    Isa. 58:11; 61:3.
  42. GARDENER, one that cultivates gar-
    dens, John 20:15.
  43. GA'REB, [h] (a scab), one of the mighty
    captains of David, 1 Chron. 11:40.
  44. GARLAND, a chaplet or crown of flowers
    or ribands, worn at festivals by the pagan
    priests and the idolatrous worshippers,
    and also by their victims offered in
    sacrifice, Acts 14:13.
  45. GARLICK, a plant resembling the onion,
    much used for food, and even worshipped,
    in Egypt, Num. 11:5.
  46. GARMENT, a chief robe or article of
    clothing, Josh. 7:21; Matt. 21:8.   The cos-
    tume of the Israelites necessarily varied
    with the changes of their circumstances.
    In the patriarchal period, it is probable,
    a dress similar to that of the Bedouin
    Arabs prevailed; but, in the times of
    their early kings, it would lose much of
    its primitive rudeness, and adaptation to
    the exigencies of a wandering life, and
    approximate to the garments worn by
    the oriental nations of the present day;
    but with these differences, that the head-
    dresses would be less various and fanci-
    ful, sandals instead of shoes, and through-
    out, a greater simplicity of embellish-
    ment, and less attention to distinctions
    of rank and office by forms of dress.
    Our cut exhibits a party of townsmen
    bidding farewell to their families, on
    their departure for a festival at Jerusa-
    lem, and shows the ordinary costume of
    the second period.   The turban or "bon-
    net,"
    the "upper and under garment,"
    and the sash or "girdle," will be readily
    distinguished.
  47. GARMENTS, articles of clothing, Gen.
    35:2; Exod. 28:3: much of the
    wealth of princes in the East consisted
    in garments, 2 Kings 5:26; Neh. 7:70-
    72.   Various instructive allusions are
    made to these necessaries of human life
    and comfort by most of the sacred writers,
    and by our Saviour.   Peace, holiness, and
    consolation, the blessings of the new
    covenant, are called the "garments of
    salvation,"
    Isa. 61:10: "undefiled gar-
    ments,"
    denote personal sanctity in all
    Christian graces, Rev. 3:4.   Wedding
    garments, as robes of honour, being pro-
    vided by eastern princes and nobles, for
    their guests at marriage feasts, our
    Saviour refers to the custom in His para-
    ble, Matt. 22:11, by which He teaches,
    that the provisions of divine grace, in
    which the robe of the righteousness of
    Christ is "unto all and upon all them
    that believe[,]"
    entitle them to all the
    blessings of salvation with eternal glory
    at the marriage supper of the Lamb,
    Rom. 3:22; 5:17; Rev. 19:7-9.   "New
    cloth on an old garment,"
    refers to the
    unfitness of cutting up a new garment to
    repair an old one, for many reasons,
    Matt. 9:16; Luke 5:36.   "Wearing a
    rough garment to deceive,"
    denotes a
    false teacher assuming the garb of an
    extraordinary prophet, as in a hairy robe,
    to impose upon the people, Zech. 13:4.
  48. GARNER, a granary, Psal. 144:13:
    the storehouse of Christ for His saints in
    Heaven, Luke 3:17.
  49. GARNISH, to adorn, decorate, or beau-
    tify, Matt. 23:29.
  50. GARNISHED, adorned or beautified,
    Job 26:13; Rev. 21:19.
  51. GARRISON, a military station with a
    guard of soldiers for the defence of
    a town or country, 1 Sam. 10:5; 2 Sam.
    8:6; 2 Cor. 11:30.
  52. GAT, did get or acquire, 2 Sam. 8:
    13: did obtain, Eccles. 2:8: did arise,
    Exod. 24:18; Judg. 9:51.
  53. GATE, the entrance to a house or city,
    Acts 3:2-10; 10:17; Luke 7:12.   The
    "strait gate[,]" denotes the entrance to a
    life of holiness by
    regeneration, Matt.
    7:13.   Gate signifies power or dominion,
    Gen. 22:17; and from this mode of
    speech, especially as the chief entrance
    to the city of Constantinople was by a
    most magnificent and splendid gate, the
    emperor of Turkey has assumed the title
    of PORTE, the SUBLIME PORTE.
  54. GATES, the chief entrances, especially
    of cities, Neh. 1:3; 7:3; Acts 9:24;
    Rev. 21:12.   Justice was commonly
    administered in halls erected near to or
    over the gates of cities, Deut. 21:19;
    Ruth 4:11; 2 Sam. 15:2.   Mordecai is
    thought to have sat in the king's gate as
    a magistrate, Esth. 2:19-21; 5:13.   Coun-
    cils were held in these halls, Jer. 39:
    3: hence the counsels of wicked men and
    of evil spirits are called the "gates of
    hell[,]"
    Matt. 16:18.   The "gates of
    Zion[,]"
    denote the ordinances of Divine
    worship, Psal. 87:2: the "gates of
    death[,]"
    signify infirmities by mortal
    diseases, Psal. 9:13.
  55. GATH, [h] (a wine press), a chief city of
    the Philistines, Josh. 11:22; 1 Sam. 6:
    17: it was about thirty-two miles west
    of Jerusalem, and famous as the birth-
    place of the giant Goliath, 17:4; 2
    Sam. 21:19-22.
  56. GATH-HE'PHER, a city of Galilee, and
    the native place of the prophet Jonah,
    2 Kings 14:25.
  57. GATH-RIM'MON, the name of two cities,
    one in the tribe of Dan, Josh. 21:24,
    and another in Manasseh, ver. 25.
  58. GATHER, to collect, as stones for a
    heap, Gen. 31:46; as the produce of
    the earth in harvest, Lev. 25:5-20; as
    an assembly or an army, Lev. 8:3;
    Num. 20:8; Zeph. 14:2; as the nations
    to Messiah, Gen. 49:10; Isa. 11:12; 56:
    8; Jer. 3:17; Eph. 1:10; as the elect for
    eternal salvation, Matt. 24:31.
  59. GATHERED, did collect, as food, Exod.
    16:17-21: or wealth, Eccles. 2:8: or
    an assembly, Acts 4:26.
  60. GATHERED, collected, as the harvest,
    Exod. 23:16; as a people, Judg. 20:
    1; received, as in death, the body was
    placed with the mortal remains of the
    family, and the soul with those of its
    character in the world of spirits, Gen.
    25:8-17; 35:29.
  61. GATHERER, a collector, as of fruit,
    Jer. 6:9; Amos 7:14.
  62. GATHERING, the act of assembling, as
    the nations to the acknowledgment of
    Christ, Gen. 49:10; and the saints to
    ascend with him in glory, 2 Thess. 2:1:
    the making of a pecuniary contribution,
    1 Cor. 16:2.
  63. GATHERING, collecting, 1 Kings 17:
    10; 2 Chron. 20:25: concluding or in-
    ferring, Acts 16:10.
  64. GAVE, did give, as Adam gave names
    to the creatures, Gen. 2:20: did offer for
    a present, as Abraham gave a tenth part
    of the spoils of his enemies, 14:20: did
    bestow, as God gave His Son to be our
    Mediator and Redeemer
    , John 3:16;
    and His Spirit in all needful gifts for the
    service of His church, Eph. 4:8-11; and
    His blessed revelation, in the Scriptures
    of His inspired prophets and apostles
    ,
    1 John 5:10: did die, as Abraham gave
    up the ghost, Gen. 25:8.
  65. GAY, costly or rich, Jam. 2:6.
  66. GA'ZA, [h] (strong, or a goat), a princi-
    pal city of the Philistines, given to Judah
    by Joshua, Josh. 15:47; Judg. 1:18: it
    lay about sixty miles south-west of Jeru-
    salem, three miles from the Mediterra-
    nean sea, and near to the confines of
    Egypt, Gen. 10:19.   Gaza is famous for
    some of the exploits and the death of
    Samson, while in possession of the Phi-
    listines, Judg. 16:1-21.   Being a border
    town, its changes were many in the
    course of ages.   Alexander the Great
    made it desolate, as predicted; but it was
    rebuilt nearer to the sea; and in its
    vicinity, the Ethiopian nobleman was
    baptized by Philip, Acts 8:26.   Gaza,
    as a sea-port, has been called the "Key
    of Syria:"
    it is now called Rassa.
  67. GAZE, to look or view intently, Exod.
    19:21.
  68. GAZING, looking with steady counte-
    nance, Acts 1:11.
  69. GAZINGSTOCK, a person gazed at with
    scorn, Nah. 3:6; Heb. 10:33.
  70. GE'BA, [h] (a hill), a city of Benjamin
    given to the priests, Josh. 21:17.
  71. GE'BAL, [h] (boundary), a city in the
    south of Canaan, Psal. 83:7.
  72. GE'BIM, [h] (grasshoppers), a town, sup-
    posed to be in Judah, Isa. 10:31.
  73. GEDALI'AH, [h] (greatness of the Lord),
    a Jewish prince, who swore allegiance to
    the Chaldeans, as advised by Jeremiah.
    He was made governor of Judea, by the
    king of Babylon, after the taking of
    Jerusalem, but treacherously assassinated
    by a prince named Ishmael, 2 Kings
    25:22-25; Jer. 40:5-16; 41:1-10.
  74. GEDE'ROTH, [h] (hedges), several
    towns of little note in Judah, Josh. 15:
    41; 2 Chron. 28:18.
  75. GEHA'ZI, [h] (valley of sight), a servant
    of the prophet Elisha, perhaps also of
    Elijah, noted for his avarice in obtaining
    falsely in his master's name some of the
    intended presents of Naaman, on account
    of which he was afflicted with the leprosy,
    as the miraculous visitation of God, 2
    Kings 4:12; 5:21-27; 8:4, 5.
  76. GENDER, to breed, Lev. 19:19: to
    produce, 2 Tim. 2:23: to lead to, Gal.
    4:34.
  77. GENEALOGY, a register of ancestors in
    a family or tribe: such was kept with
    great care in the early ages, especially
    by the Israelites, to distinguish the
    several tribes, and for the sake of the
    Messiah, who was to arise in the tribe of
    Judah
    , Gen. 5. 10.; 1 Chron. 1. 4. 5:1; 9:
    1.   Many of the private, and some of the
    public genealogies, were lost[?] during the
    revolutions in Israel, during fifteen hun-
    dred years from the time of Moses; hence
    various difficulties and useless disputa-
    tions arose among the vain and ambi-
    tious, from the changes and omission of
    names in the families of the Jews, 1 Tim.
    1:4; Tit. 3:9.   These difficulties exist to
    some extent in the lists copied from the
    acknowledged national registers, by Mat-
    thew and Luke, Matt. 1.; Luke 3.
  78. GENERAL, one that has the command
    over an army, 1 Chron. 27:34.
  79. GENERAL, the whole or universal, Heb.
    12:23 [below].
    • General.   "To the general assembly and
      church of the firstborn, which are written in heaven,"

      Heb. 12:23a.
    • General.   Christ's church: The Heavenly Assembly of
      the saints (Heb. 12:23; 2:12).--DWC
  80. GENERALLY, without excep-
    tion, 2 Sam. 17:11; Jer. 48:38.
  81. GENERATION, natural production or
    birth, Deut. 23:2-8: progress, or course
    of existence, Gen. 2:4: geneaology, 10:1:
    the people of an age, 7:1: a particular
    class of persons, Matt. 3:7; 12:59; 17:
    17; 1 Pet. 2:9.   "[T]he book of the genera-
    tions of Adam
    [,]" is the history of his
    creation and of his posterity, Gen. 5:1:
    and the "book of the generation of Jesus
    Christ,"
    is the record of His ancestry and
    course of life, Matt. 1:1.   Generation sig-
    nifies the ordinary period of human life,
    which was upwards of one hundred years
    in the time of Abraham; hence his de-
    scendants were to return to Canaan in
    the fourth generation, Gen. 15:14-16;
    Exod. 12:40, 41.   In the time of our
    Saviour, human life was reduced to little
    more than thirty years: hence He said,
    "This generation shall not pass [away],
    till all these things be fulfilled
    [,]" Matt.
    24:34, which intended that, before the
    decease of the Jews then living, Jerusa-
    lem would be destroyed by the Romans:
    and this calamity happened about thirty-
    seven years afterwards.   "Who shall
    declare his generation?"
    means the man-
    ner of life and character of our Lord, as
    his advocate on His trial before His con-
    demnation.   Such was the malignity of
    the Jewish rulers who had determined
    on His death, that no one dared to arise
    and declare the innocency of our Saviour
    ,
    Isa. 53:8; Matt. 26:3, 15, 65.
  82. GEN'ESIS, Γενεσις (generation or creation):
    this Greek title is used, because this first
    book in the Bible relates the history of
    the creation of all things by the word of
    Almighty
    God.   Genesis is the most
    ancient book in the world; and without
    its information, mankind would remain
    in distressing ignorance of those great
    subjects most necessary to be known as
    the basis of all religion.   But its records
    concerning the creation; the fall of man
    and his consequent suffering, misery, and
    mortality; God's gracious promise of a
    Saviour; the long duration of human life
    in the first stages; the corruption of the
    world; the universal deluge; the con-
    fusion and diversity of languages; the
    dispersion of mankind for the foundation
    of nations; and the separation of Abra-
    ham for the preservation of true religion,
    and of a written revelation from God
    until the times of the Messiah; prove this
    book to have been composed under Divine
    inspiration
    , and make it serve as the key
    to the studies of historians, chronologers,
    philosophers, and astronomers, even in
    their various modern discoveries and im-
    provements in general science.   Genesis
    evinces such simplicity in its narratives,
    such consistency in its several parts,
    such correctness in its dates, such accu-
    racy in its philosophical details, such
    purity in its morality, such impartiality
    in its biography, and such benevolence
    in its design, that it appears to every
    serious reader as given by inspiration
    from God
    .   Moses is believed to have
    written this book of Genesis while an
    exile in Midian; and it contains the his-
    tory of the world for the period of 2369
    years, from the creation of Adam to the
    death of Joseph in Egypt.
    • Genesis, to be taken literally.   See Commentary.
  83. GENTILE, a heathen, one of another
    nation, not a Jew, Rom. 2:9.
  84. GENTILES, [h] (the nations, or Gentiles),
    Gen. 10:5; Isa. 11:10: thus all those were
    called by the Hebrews who had not
    received the faith of Abraham and the
    laws of God by Moses.   God gave His
    written oracles to the Israelites
    , Rom.
    9:4, constituting them His visible church,
    Deut. 4:6-10, 20; to whose communion
    converts were admitted from the nations
    as proselytes, Matt. 23:15; Acts 2:11;
    13:43.   Messiah was promised espe-
    cially, as a Redeemer, to the Gentiles
    ,
    Gen. 22:17, 18; Isa. 42:1-6; Rom. 15:
    9-18; for their conversion, pious Jews
    ardently prayed, Psal. 72:19; 1 Kings
    8:41-43; and their incorporation with
    the church was the subject of many pro-
    phecies, Isa. 11.; 52:15; 60:3.   The Jews
    called all besides themselves Gentiles,
    with singular contempt, John 7:35;
    but Christ, by His mediation, broke down
    the middle wall of partition between
    Jews and Gentiles
    , Eph. 3:1, 6, 8, 14;
    and commissioned His apostles to preach
    salvation to the Gentiles, many of whom
    were admitted by them into communion
    with the church of God
    , Acts 10:45; 11:
    1-18; 15:3.   While the Jews have gene-
    rally disowned Jesus Christ as the Mes-
    siah, the books of the New Testament
    have chiefly been written for the Gen-
    tiles, who have constituted the body of
    the church of the Redeemer, Eph. 3:1,
    6, 8; who are now waiting and praying
    for the conversion of Israel, with the
    fulness of the nations, Rom. 11.
  85. GENTLE, mild, peaceable, amiable,
    Tit. 3:2.
  86. GENTLENESS, mildness, amiableness,
    Gal. 5:22.
  87. GENTLENESS OF CHRIST, Christian
    kindness, possessed by influence of the
    grace of Christ, 2 Cor. 10:1.
  88. GENTLENESS OF GOD, His merciful
    kindness
    , Psal. 18:35.
  89. GENTLY, tenderly, 2 Sam. 18:5;
    Isa. 40:11.
  90. GERAH, the smallest Hebrew coin, the
    twentieth part of a shekel, and in value
    about a penny halfpenny, Exod. 30:13;
    Lev. 27:25.
  91. GE'RAR, [h] (pilgrimage), a royal city
    of the Philistines, Gen. 20:1; 26:1.
  92. GERGESENES, [g] (those who come
    from pilgrimage
    or fight), the Gadarenes, a
    people on the east of the sea of Tiberias,
    Matt. 8:28.   See GADARENES.
  93. GER'IZIM, [h] (safeties or cuttings), as
    of reapers, a mountain about one thou-
    sand feet high, near mount Ebal, at the
    foot of which Sychar was situated, in
    Samaria.   Gerizim was fertile, but Ebal
    was barren; and hence they were used
    by the tribes of Israel on which to pro-
    nounce with great solemnity the blessings
    and curses of the law of God.   Deut. 11:
    29; Josh. 8:33.   Gerizim became famous
    for its temple, erected by the Samaritans,
    who were settled in several cities by the
    king of Assyria, 2 Kings 17:24-34, in
    opposition to the temple built at Jerusa-
    lem by the Jews who had returned from
    Babylon, Ezra 4:1-10.   The temple on
    Gerizim was demolished about the year
    129 B.C., by Hyrcanus, a Jewish prince;
    but the mountain was still held sacred
    by the Samaritans in the time of our
    Saviour, John 4:20.
  94. GER'SHOM, [h] (a stranger here), the
    eldest son of Moses, born in Midian,
    Exod. 2:16-22.
  95. GER'SHON, [h] (a stranger), the eldest
    son of Levi, Gen. 46:11.
  96. GER'SHONITES, the family and de-
    scendants of Gershon, a numerous branch
    of the Levites, who served the taberna-
    cle, Num 3:17-21.
  97. GE'SHUR, [h] (a walled valley), a noted
    city of Bashan in Syria, a daughter of
    whose king, Talmai, was wife to David,
    and mother of Absalom, 2 Sam. 3:3;
    13:37, 38; 15:8.
  98. GESH'URITES, the people of Geshur, a
    clan of whom dwelt in the south of
    Canaan, among the Philistines, Josh. 12:
    5; 13:2-13; 1 Sam. 27:8.
  99. GET, to obtain, as property, Gen.
    34:10; or requisite supplies, Lev.
    14:21, 22: to go to, or arrive at, a place,
    Exod. 1:10; Acts 22:18.
  100. GETTING, procuring, as property, Gen.
    21:18; Prov. 21:6.
  101. GETHSEM'ANE, [g] (a very fat
    valley
    ), a village, situated between Jeru-
    salem at the foot of mount Olivet, and fa-
    mous for its garden, in which our Saviour
    endured His agony
    , Matt. 26:30-36.
  102. GHOST, the old Saxon word for spirit,
    Gen. 49:33; Matt. 27:50; Acts 5:10.
    See
    SPIRIT, and HOLY SPIRIT.
  103. GI'AH, [h] (to guide), a vale or stream,
    near Gibeon, 2 Sam. 2:24.
  104. GIANT, a monstrous or terrible man,
    Gen. 6:4.   Nimrod, in the Greek ver-
    sion, is said to have been "a giant in the
    earth,"
    10:8, and "a giant before the
    LORD."
      Mighty, daring men, who were
    terrible to others, are also called "Ana-
    kims,"
    "Rephaims," and "Emims," 14:
    5; 15:20; Deut. 2:10, 11.   Some of theses
    terrible men were of great stature, 3:
    11-13.   Goliath was upwards of ten feet
    in height, 1 Sam. 17:4; and several
    members of his family were of extra-
    ordinary height, 2 Sam. 21:16-22.
  105. GIB'BETHON, [h] (a high house), a city
    of Dan, given to the Levites, but mostly
    possessed by the Philistines, Josh. 21:
    23; 1 Kings 15:27; 16:15.
  106. GIB'BEAH, [h] (a hill), a city of Judah,
    but possessed by Benjamin, Josh. 15:57:
    it is memorable for its being destroyed,
    when the tribe of Benjamin was nearly
    ruined, Judg. 19.; 20.   Gibeah was re-
    built, and became the residence of king
    Saul, 1 Sam. 15:34; 2 Sam. 21:6.
  107. GIB'EON, [h] (a hill), a city of Judah,
    famous for the treaty of its elders with
    Joshua, and for the miracle of the sun
    and moon standing still over it, when he
    conquered the five confederate kings,
    Josh. 9:1-12; 10:3-26.
  108. GIB'EONITES, the citizens of Gibeon, a
    tribe of the Amorites, who secured an
    alliance with Israel, Josh. 9:3-17.   Having
    been injured by king Saul, they were
    avenged on his posterity, by the indi-
    cated will of God, 2 Sam. 21:1-9.
  109. GID'EON, [h] (he that bruises), a man
    of the tribe of Manasseh, and one of the
    judges of Israel, Judg. 6:11-15.   Gideon
    was famous for his deliverance of the
    people of Israel from the oppressions of
    the Midianites, 7; 8.
  110. GIER-EAGLE, a species of vulture, Lev.
    11:18.
  111. GIFT, a present, Gen. 34:12; Exod.
    23:8: a favour bestowed, Esth. 2:18;
    9:22; Dan. 2:6; 5:17.   Jesus Christ is
    God's unspeakable gift to mankind
    , John
    3:16; 4:10; 2 Cor. 9:15.   Eternal life
    is the gift of God
    , Rom. 6:23.   Spiritual
    blessings are the gifts of God, 1 Cor. 12:
    1-4; 14:1-12.   Ministerial endowments,
    apostolical and pastoral, are bestowed by
    Christ, as the exalted, Redeemer, Eph.
    4:8.   Every good gift, intellectual and
    moral, is originally from God, James 1:[17].
  112. GI'HON, [h] (valley of grace), one of the
    four primitive rivers in the land of Eden,
    Gen. 2:12.
  113. GIHON, a fountain at Jerusalem, where
    the people proclaimed king Solomon,
    1 Kings 1:33, 38, 45; 2 Chron. 32:30.
  114. GIL'BOA, [h] (a revolution of inquiry), a
    range of mountains in Samaria, famous
    for the fall of king Saul and his three
    sons, in a battle, when defeated by the
    Philistines, 1 Sam. 28:4; 31:1-8.
  115. GIL'EAD or GALEED, a district east of
    Jordan, Gen. 31:47, 48; Num. 32:
    1, 40.   See GALEED.
  116. GIL'EADITE, a native of Gilead, Judg.
    10:3; 2 Sam. 17:27.
  117. GIL'GAL, [h] (a wheel, a revolution), a
    place near the famous passage of the
    Jordan, Josh. 4:19, 20, where Joshua
    pitched the camp of Israel, and observed
    circumcision, 5:9, 10.
  118. GIL'GAL, a city near the river Jordan,
    where Saul was confirmed king of Israel,
    1 Sam. 12:14, 15.
  119. GI'LOH, [h] (he that rejoices), a city of
    Judah, Josh. 15:51.
  120. GI'LONITE, a citizen of Giloh, as
    Ahithophel, 2 Sam. 15:12.
  121. GIN, a net, as for the taking of birds,
    Amos 3:5: a snare, as a teacher hated
    by irreligious men, Isa. 8:14.
  122. GIRD, to bind or fasten anything, as a
    robe to the body, Exod. 24:5; Acts 12:
    8: or a weapon to the side, Judg. 3:16;
    Psal. 45:3.
  123. GIRDED, did gird, Lev. 8:7; Ezek.
    16:10; Josh. 13:4.
  124. GIRDED, bound, as with a robe by a
    girdle, Psal. 109:19; Rev. 15:6.
  125. GIRDING, a robe or girdle, Isa. 3:24.
  126. GIRDLE, a sash or belt to fasten loose
    garments, as worn in the East: some
    were of golden wrought stuffs, Rev. 1:
    13; 15:13; Exod. 28:8.   Those of
    Elijah and John were leather, 2 Kings
    1:8; Matt. 3:4.   Sackcloth was used for
    parts of girdles in seasons of mourning
    and calamity, Isa. 3:24.   Some girdles
    denoted office, as of a commander in the
    army, 2 Sam. 18:11.
  127. GIR'GASHITES, [h] (who arrives from
    pilgrimage
    ), an ancient people of Canaan,
    on the east of the sea of Tiberias, Gen.
    10:16; 15:21; Judg. 3:10.   See GERGE-
    SENES
    .
  128. GIRL, a young woman, or female child,
    Joel 3:3; Zech. 8:5
  129. GIRT, girded or dressed, as for a jour-
    ney, 2 Kings 1:8.   The "loins girt about
    with truth,"
    Eph. 6:14, means the mind
    being sanctified by an intelligent recep-
    tion of the doctrine of Christ, so as to be
    ready for the service of God.
  130. GIT'TITE, [h] (a wine press), a native of
    Gath, as Goliath, 2 Sam. 21:19, and
    Obededom and Ittai, friends of David, 6:
    10, 11; 15:19.
  131. GIT'TITH, [h] (a wine press), relating
    to Gath: this word occurs in the titles
    of Psalms, 8. 81. and 84., and
    means that they are to be played on a
    harp, or tune of Gath; according to
    others, after the defeat of Goliath, or at
    the time of the vintage, when the presses
    burst out with new wine, Prov 3:10.
  132. GIVE, to bestow freely, Luke 11:13:
    to grant, Gen. 14:21: to allot, Num.
    26:54: to pay, Psal. 49:7: to devote,
    Acts 6:4.
  133. GIVEN, offered, Gen. 15:13; 21:7:
    granted as a favour, 24:35: com-
    mitted, Dan. 2:38; Eph. 3:2-8: im-
    parted, Rom. 5:5; 1 John 3:24: paid,
    2 Sam. 18:11: addicted, Eph. 4:19.
  134. GIVER, he who gives, as a donor,
    2 Cor. 9:7: or a lender, Isa. 24:2.
  135. GIVING, affording, Deut. 10:18: grant-
    ing, Ruth 1:6: attributing, Rom. 4:20:
    proclaiming, Acts 8:9.
  136. GLAD, joyful, Exod. 4:14; Acts 11:
    23: merry, Esth. 5:9; Hos. 7:3.
  137. GLADLY, joyfully, Acts 21:17: fa-
    vourably, Mark 6:20: willingly, cheer-
    fully, 2 Cor. 12:9.
  138. GLADNESS, joyfulness, 2 Sam. 6:12;
    Phil. 2:29: merriment, Esth. 9:17; Jer.
    7:34.
  139. GLASS, transparent substance, made
    by fusing fixed salts and flint or sand
    together: it was first invented in Syria,
    several centuries before the birth of
    Christ.   Ancient looking-glasses, how-
    ever, were mirrors made of copper highly
    polished, Exod. 38:8; Isa. 3:23;
    Job 38:18: and the apostles seem
    to refer to bright metal mirrors, 2 Cor.
    3:18; James 1:17, 18.
  140. GLEAN, to gather grapes and ears of
    corn, left by the reapers and fruit-pickers,
    Lev. 19:9, 10; Ruth 2:2.
  141. GLEANED, did glean, Judg. 20:45;
    Ruth 2:3.
  142. GLEANING, corn or fruits obtained by
    the gleaners, Lev. 19:9; Jer. 49:9.
  143. GLEDGE, a bird of prey, the black vul-
    ture, Deut. 14:13; Lev. 11:14.
  144. GLISTERING, splendidly bright, 1
    Chron. 29:2; Luke 9:29.
  145. GLITTER, to shine, as a polished sword,
    Ezek. 21:10.
  146. GLITTERING, very bright or shining,
    as a polished steel weapon, Deut. 32:
    41; Hab. 3:11.
  147. GLOOMINESS, threatening or terrify-
    ing darkness, Joel 2:2.
  148. GLORIFIED, did glorify, praise, or hon-
    our, Matt. 15:31; Acts 4:21.
  149. GLORIFIED, honoured, as God has glo-
    rified Christ, by sustaining Him through
    His sufferings in His work of mediation,
    raising Him to the honour of His throne
    after it was accomplished, granting Him
    the gifts of the Holy Spirit, for the
    supply of the church, and, as the reward
    of His sufferings, blessing the nations
    with the knowledge of His name, and a
    participation of His exalted glories as
    their Saviour
    , John 7:39; 17:1, 4, 23;
    Acts 3:13; 2 Thess. 1:10.
  150. GLORIFY, to make great with im-
    mortal honour and happiness, as God
    will glorify His people, Jer. 30:19;
    Rom. 8:17-30.   To glorify God, is to
    set forth the excellency of His Divine
    perfections; celebrating His greatness
    and goodness with our lips and in our
    lives, Psal. 50:23; 1 Cor. 6:20; 10:31.   God
    glorifies His name by manifesting His
    faithfulness in the fulfilment of His gra-
    cious promises, John 12:28.
  151. GLORIFYING, praising and honouring,
    Luke 2:20; 5:25.
  152. GLORIOUS, great with excellency and
    honour: thus God is essentially and infi-
    nitely glorious
    , Exod. 15:6: the name
    of Christ, as the Son of God and our
    Saviour, is glorious
    , Psal. 72:19: his
    gospel is glorious, as the declaration of
    the harmony of the Divine perfections
    in the salvation of sinners through Christ
    ,
    2 Cor. 4:4; 1 Tim. 1:11: the second
    coming of Christ will be glorious, Tit. 2:
    13: the final state of the saints will be
    divinely glorious, Rom. 8:21; Eph. 5:27.
  153. GLORIOUSLY, majestically with hon-
    our, power, and splendour, Exod. 15:1;
    Isa. 24:23.
  154. GLORY, greatness, excellency, honour,
    and happiness, Est. 5:11.   God's glory
    is declared by the grandeur and excel-
    lency of His works
    , Psal. 19:1: the gos-
    pel, as a system of divine grace and
    mercy to mankind, by the incarnation
    of the Son of God, manifests His glory
    ,
    Eph. 1:17, 18: the future condition of
    the righteous will especially display his
    glory, 1 Pet. 4:13; 5:1-10; Rev. 21:23.
  155. GLORY, to rejoice or boast, Psal. 106:5;
    Jer. 9:23, 24; 1 Cor. 1:29.
  156. GLORYING, rejoicing or boasting, 1 Cor.
    5:6; 2 Cor. 7:4.
  157. GLUTTON, an excessive eater, a sen-
    sualist, Deut. 21:20; Prov. 23:21.
  158. GLUTTONOUS, greedy or excessive in
    eating, Matt. 11:19.

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