Bible Dictionary: U.   1840

  1. U'CAL, [h] (power or prevalency), a pupil
    or disciple of the prophet Agur; to
    whom was delivered an inspired dis-
    , Prov. 30:1.
    • Ukrainian Bible portions, ....   See Ministry.
  2. U'LAI, [h] (strength or fool), a river of
    Persia, near to which was the royal city
    of Shushan, Dan. 8:2, 16.   This river
    is now called Kerah.
  3. UNACCUSTOMED, not trained or used,
    Jer. 31:18.
  4. UNADVISEDLY, inconsiderately or
    rashly, Psal. 106:33.
  5. UNAWARES, secretly or without notice,
    Gen. 31:20; Gal. 2:4: without design,
    Num. 35:11: not expected, Heb.
  6. UNBELIEF, incredulity or infidelity,
    Matt. 13:[58]; Rom. 3:3; Heb. 3:12:
    weak confidence, Mark 9:24.   Unbelief,
    as felt and lamented by pious persons,
    is imperfect confidence: but this may
    be remedied by contemplating the
    of God, as exhibited in the
    gospel, and by prayer for the grace of
    the Holy Spirit
    , 1 Cor. 1:9; 10:13; Rom.
    15:13.   Unbelief, as cherished by un-
    men, increases in strength and
    leads to perdition; as it arises from the
    corruption of the heart in a state of
    enmity against God
    , Heb. 4:11; Acts
    14:2; Rev. 21:8.
  7. UNBELIEVER, one not believing the
    gospel, 1 Cor. 14:23: an infidel, an obsti-
    nate rejecter of the published gospel of
    Christ, Luke 12:46: a heathen, 1 Cor.
    6:6; 2 Cor. 6:14.
  8. UNBELIEVING, infidel, the state of un-
    belief, Acts 14:2; Rev. 21:8.
  9. UNBLAMEABLE, not censurable or
    meriting reproach, Col. 1:22; 1 Thess.
  10. UNBLAMEABLY, irreproachably exem-
    plarily, 1 Thess. 2:10.
  11. UNCERTAIN, doubtful, 1 Cor. 14:8:
    not permanent, 1 Tim. 6:17.
  12. UNCERTAINTY, doubtful, without secu-
    rity, 1 Cor. 9:26.
  13. UNCHANGEABLE, immutable, perma-
    nent, not passing to another, Heb. 7:
  14. UNCIRCUMCISED, not circumcised, Gen.
    17:14; Jer. 9:25:
    ungodly, Judg. 15:
    7; Isa. 52:1: unqualified, as the lips for
    eloquent speaking, Exod. 6:12; or the
    heart for holy obedience, Acts 7:51.
  15. UNCIRCUMCISION, the state of being
    uncircumcised, Rom. 4:10: the Gentile
    world, as contradistinguished from the
    Jews, who were privileged with the
    covenant of circumcision, Rom. 3:30.
  16. UNCLE, a father's or mother's brother,
    Lev. 10:4; Est. 2:7.
  17. UNCLEAN, filthy, Lev. 14:40; Rev.
    18:2: morally impure, as a
    man, Eph. 5:5; or an evil spirit, Luke
    4:33; Acts 5:16: ceremonially disallowed,
    as persons under particular circumstances,
    Lev. 22:5; Acts 10:28; or as food, Lev.
    11:4, 8.   The children of the heathen,
    not being in covenant with God, were
    regarded as unclean, but holy, or entitled
    to religious privileges, when one of the
    parents had become a believer, 1 Cor.
  18. UNCLEANNESS, filth, Lev. 5:3; Matt.
    23:27: moral impurity or sin, Zech.
    13:1; Ezek. 36:29: lewdness, Rom.
  19. UNCLOTHED, dislodged, as the soul
    from the body at death, 2 Cor. 5:4.
  20. UNCOMELY, wanting elegance or
    beauty, 1 Cor. 12:23.
  21. UNCOMELY, unbecomingly or shame-
    fully, 1 Cor. 7:36.
  22. UNCONDEMNED, not convicted or found
    guilty, or not examined judicially, Acts
    16:37; 22:28.
  23. UNCORRUPTNESS, purity, as of doc-
    trine, Tit. 2:7.
  24. UNCOVER, to make bare, as the head,
    Lev. 10:6; Num. 5:18; or the body, 2
    Sam. 6:20.
  25. UNCOVERED, did uncover or strip off
    clothes, 2 Sam. 6:20.
  26. UNCOVERED, stripped or made bare,
    Gen. [9]:21; Isa. 20:4: unveiled, 1 Cor.
    11:5, 13.
  27. UNCTION, an anointing, as the grace
    of the
    Holy Spirit in regenerating and
    sanctifying believers is called, 1 John 2:
    20.   See ANOINTING.
  28. UNDEFILED, not corrupted or vitiated,
    Heb. 13:4: holy, as the nature and life
    of Christ
    , 7:26; as the heavenly state,
    1 Pet. 1:4.
  29. UNDER, beneath, Gen. 49:25; 1 Kings
    18:23: in a state of subjection, 2 Kings
    8:20; Rom. 3:9; Jude 6.
  30. UNDERGIRDING, binding round the
    bottom, as a ship with ropes, to prevent
    it falling to pieces, Acts 27:17.
  31. UNDERNEATH, below, as a support
    under, Deut. 33:27.
  32. UNDERSETTERS, props, as feet to the
    brazen lavers of Solomon, 1 Kings 7:
  33. UNDERSTAND, to know or compre-
    hend, as the meaning of words, Gen. 11:
    7; or of a dream, 41:15; or a language,
    1 Kings 18:26; or divine doctrine,
    Prov. 2:5; 8:5; or the prophetical
    Scriptures, Luke 24:45.   God graci-
    ously gives wisdom to His people praying
    for it to understand his loving-kindness
    and his holy will
    , Psal. 107:43; 119:27;
    Jam. 1:5.
  34. UNDERSTANDING, that noble faculty
    of the
    mind by which it perceives and
    knows, Luke 24:45; Eph. 1:18: know-
    ledge and wisdom which indicate that
    faculty, Exod. 31:3; 1 Kings 3:11;
    Luke 1:3; 2 Tim. 2:7.   God's under-
    standing is infinite
    , Psal. 147:5: the
    understanding of wicked men is darkened
    by their unholy prejudices in the blind-
    ness of their heart
    , Eph. 4:18.
  35. UNDERSTANDING, knowing, wise, skil-
    ful, Deut. 4:6; 1 Kings 3:9-12; Prov.
  36. UNDERSTOOD, did understand or dis-
    cover, Gen. 42:23; Dan. 9:2; Acts
    23:27, 34.
  37. UNDERTAKE, to engage or act, as in
    favour of another, Isa. 38:14.
  38. UNDERTOOK, did undertake, Est. 9:
  39. UNDO, to unloose, as from an oppres-
    sive burden or service, Isa. 58:6; Zeph.
  40. UNDONE, not done, Josh. 11:15; Luke
    11:42: ruined, Num. 21:29; Isa. 6:5.
  41. UNDRESSED, not prepared, as a vine
    not pruned in the year of release, Lev.
  42. UNEQUAL, not equal, or unjust, Ezek.
  43. UNEQUALLY, not equally, not suitably,
    as to religious principles and character,
    2 Cor. 6:14.
  44. UNFAITHFUL, not faithful, perfidious,
    Prov. 25:19.
  45. UNFAITHFULLY, falsely, perfidiously,
    Psal. 78:57.
  46. UNFEIGNED, sincere, without dissimu-
    lation, 2 Cor. 6:6; 1 Pet. 1:22.
  47. UNFRUITFUL, not fruitful, barren; as
    a useless life, 2 Pet. 1:8; as ungodli-
    ness, Eph. 5:11.
  48. UNGIRDED, did ungird or unload, as
    camels of their burden, Gen. 24:32.
  49. UNGODLINESS, irreligion, impiety, 2
    Tim. 2:16; Tit. 2:12:
    wickedness in
    general, Rom. 1:18.
  50. UNGODLY, irreligious, unlike in tem-
    per and practice to the character of
    God, 2 Chron. 19:2; Rom. 5:6; 2 Pet.
    2:5, 6.
  51. UNHOLY, corrupt, as ungodly men,
    1 Tim. 1:9; 2 Tim. 3:2: ceremonially
    unlawful, Lev. 10:10: common or worth-
    less, Heb. 10:29.
  52. UNICORN, a beast of prodigious strength,
    having a powerful horn erect upon the
    head, between the forehead and nose:
    it is generally described as having a
    single horn, Num. 23:22; 24:8;

    Deut. 33:17; Job 39:9, 10;
    Psal. 22:21; 29:6; 92:10.   In all
    these places the original is [h], Reem,
    which the Sept. renders μονοκερως
    (one-horned): it is believed that the ani-
    mal was sometimes found with two
    horns; hence "his [Joseph's] horns are
    like the horns of unicorns
    [or reems,]"
    Deut. 33:17.   Some commentators
    have supposed a species of wild bull to
    have been intended;
    but most agree
    with the Abyssinian traveller, Bruce.
    Mr. Bruce says, "The reem I suppose
    to be the rhinoceros.   The derivation of
    this word, both in the Hebrew and
    Ethiopic, seems to be from erectness or
    standing straight.   The horns of all
    other animals are inclined to some de-
    gree of parallelism with the nose or os
    frontis.   The horn of the rhinoceros
    alone is erect and perpendicular to this
    bone, on which it stands at right angles;
    thereby possessing a greater purchase or
    power, as a lever, than any horn could
    possibly have in any other position.
    This situation of the horn is very hap-
    pily alluded to in the sacred writings:
    'my horn shalt thou exalt like the horn
    of an unicorn
    [reem,]' Psal. 92:10.   Balaam, a
    priest of Midian, and so in the neigh-
    bourhood of the haunts of the rhino-
    ceros, and intimately connected with
    Ethiopia, in a transport, from contem-
    plating the strength of Israel, whom he
    was brought to curse, says, that they
    had as it were the strength of the reem,
    Num. 23:22.   Job makes frequent
    allusion to his great strength, ferocity,
    and indocility, 39:9, 10.   If the
    Abyssinian rhinoceros had invariably
    two horns, it seems to me improbable
    the Sept. would call him mono-
    keros, especially as they must have seen
    an animal of this kind exposed at Alex-
    andria in their time, when first men-
    tioned in history, at an exhibition given
    to Ptolemy Philadelphus, at his acces-
    sion to the crown, before the death of
    his father.   The principal reason for
    translating the word reem unicorn, and
    not rhinoceros, is from a prejudice that
    he must have but one horn."
      Next to
    the elephant, the rhinoceros is believed
    to be the most powerful of beasts; he is
    frequently twelve feet long from the tip
    of the nose to the tail, from six to seven
    feet high, and the circumference of its

    body nearly equal to its length.   The
    skin of this monster is naked, rough, and
    knotty, lying upon the body in folds,
    and so thick as to turn the edge of a
    scimiter, and to resist a musket-ball.
    Defended on every side by such a hide,
    which the claws of the tiger and lion
    are unable to pierce, and armed with a
    weapon which the elephant will not
    oppose, this terrible animal fears no
    enemy.   Travellers indeed have assured
    us, that the elephant is sometimes found
    dead in the forests, pierced with the
    horn of the rhinoceros.   Yet he is
    neither ferocious nor carnivorous: he is
    perfectly indocile and untractable: he is
    subsists principally on plants, shrubs,
    and branches of trees, and lives to the
    age of seventy or eighty years.   Dr.
    Parsons has given drawings of the horns
    of the rhinoceros, from Dr. Mead's and
    from Sir Hans Sloane's collections: from
    these we ascertain that the straight horn
    on a double-horned animal was twenty-
    five inches in length; the curved one
    being somewhat shorter; and the two
    diameters of the bases thirteen inches.
    But he mentions a horn of the larger
    kind thirty-two inches, and another
    thirty-seven inches.   Buffon mentions
    one whose length was three feet eight
    inches, fully justifying the allusions of
    the sacred writers.

  53. UNITE, to join together: God unites
    the heart to fear His name, by the graci-
    ous influences of his Spirit, Psal. 86:
    11; Rom. 8:14-16.
  54. UNITED, joined together, as a com-
    pany of men for any purpose, Gen.
  55. UNITY, union, oneness, concord or
    agreement, as a united family, Psal.
    133:1; as in affection and faith, Eph.
    4:3, 13.
  56. UNJUST, not just, unrighteous, as all
    men are
    , examined by the
    law of God,
    1 Pet. 3:18: wicked, as irreligious,
    impenitent men are
    , Acts 24:15; 2 Pet.
    2:19: unfaithful or dishonest, as a servant
    may be, Luke 16:8: partial, as a magi-
    strate may be, violating equity, 18:6;
    1 Cor. 6:1.
  57. UNJUSTLY, dishonestly, Psal. 82:2;
    Isa. 26:10.
  58. UNKNOWN, not known personally, Gal.
    1:22: strange, as a foreign tongue, need-
    ing an interpreter, 1 Cor. 14:2, 4, 14, 27.
  59. UNKNOWN GOD: this title the apostle
    found on an altar at Athens, and he made
    it his text in preaching to the judges at
    Areopagus, Acts 17:23, 24.   How it
    came to be so inscribed we cannot learn:
    but it is supposed to have been in honour
    of Jehovah, whose fame had been reported
    by the Jews
    , who yet scrupled to mention
    His name.   Inscriptions were numerous
    at Athens in honour of benefactors: the
    following, among others, is still found on
    a column in that city, and it will illustrate
    Acts 17:23 :--"The people [honour]
    Lucius Cæsar, the son of the emperor
    Augustus Cæsar, the son of the God."
  60. UNLADE, to unload, Acts 21:3.
  61. UNLAWFUL, not allowed by law as
    commonly interpreted, Acts 10:28; Deut.
    criminal, by the moral law, 2 Pet.
  62. UNLEARNED, uneducated, not exer-
    cised in letters, Acts 4:13: imperfectly
    instructed, 1 Cor. 14:16, 23; 2 Pet 3:
    16.   Unlearned questions are such as
    conduce not to edification, 2 Tim. 2:23.
  63. UNLEAVENED, not prepared with
    leaven, as cakes of bread made in haste,
    Exod. 12:39; Josh. 5:11.   Negligent
    Christians are called unleavened, because
    of manifest inperfections, 1 Cor. 5:7.
  64. UNLESS, except, if not, Lev. 22:6; 1
    Cor. 15:2.
  65. UNLOOSE, to untie, Mark 1:7.
  66. UNMARRIED, not married, in a single
    state, 1 Cor. 7:8, 32.
  67. UNMERCIFUL, cruel, without tender-
    ness, Rom. 1:31.
  68. UNMINDFUL, regardless, ungrateful,
    Deut. 32:18.
  69. UNMOVEABLE, fixed, not to be moved,
    as a ship driven into a sandy shore, Acts
    27:41; or minds established in true
    principles of
    religion, 1 Cor. 15:58.
  70. UNOCCUPIED, not used, as roads in a
    disordered country, Judg. 5:6.
  71. UNPERFECT, imperfect, unformed,
    Psal. 139:16.
  72. UNPREPARED, not ready or furnished,
    2 Cor. 9:4.
  73. UNPROFITABLE, useless, not beneficial,
    Job 15:3; Matt. 25:30; Tit. 3:9: in-
    jurious, Phil. 11: distressing, Heb. 13:17.
  74. UNPROFITABLENESS, producing no
    essential service, Heb. 7:18.
  75. UNPUNISHED, exempted or excused
    punishment, Prov. 11:21; Jer. 49:
  76. UNQUENCHABLE, which cannot be
    extinguished, as the
    fire of Divine
    wrath against the impenitent, Matt. 3:
  77. UNREASONABLE, irrational or foolish,
    Acts 25:27: passionate with bigotry,
    2 Thess. 3:2.
  78. UNREBUKABLE, without deserving re-
    proach, 1 Tim. 6:14.
  79. UNREPROVEABLE, not meriting cen-
    sure, Col. 1:22.
  80. UNRIGHTEOUS, unjust, as a false wit-
    ness, Exod. 23:1; as oppressive rulers,
    Isa. 10:1; as
    impenitent violators of the
    holy law of God, 1 Cor. 6:9.   God is
    not unrighteous, either in governing the
    world; punishing the wicked
    ; Rom. 3:
    5; or in rewarding the benevolent works
    of His people
    , Heb. 6:10.
  81. UNRIGHTEOUSLY, unjustly, Deut. 25:
  82. UNRIGHTEOUSNESS, injustice, as in exe-
    cuting the laws, Lev. 19:15; or in ordi-
    nary transactions among men, Jer. 22:
    13; as sin or wickedness against the law
    of God
    , Rom. 1:18, 29; Heb. 8:12; 1
    John 5:17: deceitfulness or falsehood,
    John 7:18.
  83. UNRIPE, not grown to maturity, Job
  84. UNRULY, disorderly, as licentious pro-
    fessors, 1 Thess. 5:14; as ungoverned
    children, Tit. 1:6; or an unrestrained
    tongue, Jam. 3:8.
  85. UNSATIABLE, not to be satisfied, as the
    Jews in their idolatry, Ezek. 16:28.
  86. UNSAVORY, not palatable or relishing,
    Job 6:6.
  87. UNSEARCHABLE, that cannot be fully
    explored, as the works, Job 5:9; Rom. 11:
    33, and perfections of God, Psal. 145:3;
    and the treasures of blessings in the cove-
    nant of grace by Christ, Eph. 3:8.
  88. UNSEEMLY, unbecoming, Rom. 1:27.
  89. UNSHOD, without shoes, so as to serve
    idols, Jer. 2:25.
  90. UNSKILFUL, inexpert from ignorance,
    Heb. 5:13.
  91. UNSPEAKABLE, what cannot be ex-
    pressed in words, as the value of God's
    gift of Christ, 2 Cor. 9:15; as the lan-
    guage of paradise, 12:41; and the delight-
    fulness of Christian joy, 1 Pet. 1:8.
  92. UNSPOTTED, unstained by immoral,
    though fashionable practices, in the world,
    Jam. 1:27.
  93. UNSTABLE, unfixed or unsteady, as a
    person of a fickle mind, Gen. 49:4; Jam.
    1:8; 2 Pet. 3:16.
  94. UNSTOPPED, opened, as the ears of the
    deaf, Isa. 35:5.
  95. UNTAKEN, not taken, 2 Cor. 3:14.
  96. UNTEMPERED, not duly prepared; such
    were the deceitful schemes of false
    teachers, proposed to the distracted Jews,
    Ezek. 13:10, 15; 22:28.
  97. UNTHANKFUL, regardless of received
    favours, as irreligious men, for the
    of God, Luke 6:35; 2 Tim. 3:2.
  98. UNTIL, to the time that, Matt. 2:13;
    Rev. 20:5.
  99. UNTIMELY, unseasonable, Job 3:16;
    Rev. 6:13.
  100. UNTOWARD, perverse, as the Jews
    were, in rejecting and crucifying
    Acts 2:40.
  101. UNWALLED, without walls or fortifica-
    tions, as small towns, Deut. 3:5; Esth.
  102. UNWASHED, not washed, as the hands,
    Matt. 15:20.
  103. UNWEIGHED, not weighed, or not com-
    puted as to weight, 1 Kings 7:47.
  104. UNWISE, inconsiderate, especially as to
    the will of God, Deut. 32:6; Hos. 13:
    13; Eph. 5:17: unlearned or uncivilised,
    Rom. 1:14.
  105. UNWITTINGLY, ignorantly, Lev. 22:
    14: unintentionally, Josh. 20:3.
  106. UNWORTHILY, unbecomingly, or im-
    properly, as some Christians of Corinth
    partook of the Lord's supper, irreverently
    and with various irregularities, dishonour-
    ing the ordinance and their own profes-
    sion, 1 Cor. 11:27, 29.
  107. UNWORTHY, unqualified, or unfit, 1 Cor.
    6:2.   The infidel Jews acted as if they
    judged themselves unworthy of everlast-
    ing life, in rejecting the
    gospel, Acts 13:
  108. UP, to rise, Gen. 19:14; 44:4; Exod.
  109. UP, risen, Judg. 8:13; Matt. 13:6.
  110. UP, on high, Num. 14:42: to the top,
    John 2:7.
  111. UPBRAID, to reproach, Judg. 8:15;
    Jam. 1:5: to censure, as our
    censured the infidelity of the citizens of
    Bethsaida, Capernaum, and Chorazin,
    Matt. 11:20.
  112. UPHAR'SIN, [h] (and they are divided),
    the last of the mysterious words written
    on the wall of Belshazzar's palace.
    Though they are Chaldee words, the
    reason of their not being read, some sup-
    pose, was, their being written in the
    Samaritan or Hebrew character: the
    interpretation, however, could be given
    only by one inspired of God, Dan. 5:7,
    25.   The whole sentence may be trans-
    lated thus :--"He is numbered: he is
    numbered: he is weighed: and they are
  113. U'PHAZ, [h] (gold of Phasis), a place
    famous for its gold, believed by some to
    be the same as Ophir; by others to have
    been called Paz or Topaz, and situated
    on the river Phasis on the Black sea, Jer.
    10:9; Dan. 10:5.
  114. UPHELD, did uphold or sustain, Isa.
  115. UPHOLD, to sustain or support, as God
    supports His people by the influences of
    his Spirit, Psal. 37:17, 24; 51:12; Isa.
    41:10: to assist, Ezek. 30:6.
  116. UPHOLDEN, supported or honoured,
    Prov. 20:28.
  117. UPHOLDING, sustaining or preserving,
    Heb. 1:3.
  118. UPPER, higher, Exod. 12:7; Deut. 24:
    6; Acts 1:13.
  119. UPPERMOST, the most elevated, Gen.
    40:17; Isa. 17:6: the most honourable,
    Matt. 23:6.
  120. UPRIGHT, erect, as a pillar or a palm-
    tree, Gen. 37:7; Jer. 10:5: honest,
    faithful, and sincere, 1 Sam. 29:6; Job
    1:1: holy, or sinless, as man at his crea-
    tion, Eccles. 7:29; Gen. 1:26, 27.
  121. UPRIGHTLY, sincerely, faithfully, Psal.
    15:2; Gal. 2:14.
  122. UPRIGHTNESS, faithfulness, honesty, or
    sincerity, 1 Kings 3:6; Psal. 9:8.
  123. UPRISING, the act of rising, as in the
    morning from sleep, Psal. 139:2.
  124. UPROAR, a tumult or confusion, as
    among the people of a city, 1 Kings 1:41;
    Acts 17:5.
  125. UPSIDE, the upper part, 2 Kings 21:
    13.   Turning upside-down, denotes making
    confusion, Isa. 29:16; Acts 17:6.
  126. UPWARD, above, in a higher place, 1
    Sam. 9:2; Eccles. 3:21: in a higher
    degree, Exod. 38:26; Num. 4:3.
  127. UR, [h] (light or fire), the birthplace of
    Abraham, in Chaldea, Gen. 11:28, beyond
    the river Euphrates, near to the river
    Tigris, 15:17; Josh. 24:3.   Tradition
    reports Ur to have been the site of the
    modern Orfah, which is said to contain
    20,000, or, according to others, 50,000
    inhabitants; as it lies in the route from
    Aleppo into Persia.
  128. UR'BANE, Ούρβανος (polite), a Roman
    Christian, a friend and helper of the
    Paul, Rom. 16:9.
  129. URGE, to intreat earnestly, Luke 11:
  130. URGED, did urge, or intreat earnestly,
    Gen. 33:11; Judg. 16:16; 2 Kings 5:
  131. URGENT, pressing, requiring haste,
    Exod. 12:33; Dan. 3:22.
  132. U'RI, [h] (fire or light), the father of
    Bezaleel, one of the inspired artificers who
    constructed the tabernacle, Exod. 31:2.
  133. URI'AH, [h] (the Lord is my light, or
    light of the Lord), a brave commander in
    the army of
    David, who basely contrived
    his death, for the purpose of concealing
    his own guilt, after criminal intercourse
    with his beautiful wife Bathsheba, 2 Sam.
    11. 12:1-10.
  134. U'RIEL, [h] (the fire of God), the
    father of Michaiah, a wife of king Reho-
    boam, mother of Abijah, king of Judah,
    2 Chron. 12:16; 13:1, 2.
  135. URI'JAH, as URIAH, the high- priest of
    Israel in the reign of Ahaz, whose ini-
    quitous order he obeyed in making an
    altar, after the fashion of that which the
    king had dedicated to idolatry at Damas-
    cus; and he further complied with king
    Ahaz in using it for sacrifice, instead of
    the proper altar in the temple of the
    Lord, 2 Kings 16:10, 12, 16.
  136. URIJAH, a faithful prophet of God in
    the time of Jeremiah, murdered by order
    of king Jehoiakim, with his nobles, on
    account of his fidelity in warning the
    Jews of their impending calamities, for
    their apostacy, idolatry, and wickedness,
    Jer. 26:20, 21.
  137. U'RIM, [h] (lights).   Urim and Thum-
    mim, signifying lights and perfections, formed
    oracle of God put into the sacred
    breastplate of judgment of Aaron, by
    which the Divine will was to be sought
    on solemn occasions: but while learned
    men have offered many and various con-
    jectures, it is not agreed what they were,
    as it is not fully declared by Moses, Exod.
    28:30; Lev. 8:8.   Josephus supposes
    they were the twelve precious stones of
    the breastplate, on which were engraven
    the names of the several tribes of Israel,
    Exod. 28:15, 21; and that God gave
    answers to the high-priest inquiring be-

    fore the most holy place, by an extraordi-
    nary glory illustrating the letters: but
    others are of opinion that they were given
    by an audible voice from the Shekinah,
    in the cloud of glory over the mercy seat,
    Psal. 80:1; 99:1.   This oracle, it is
    believed, was not used during the life of
    Moses, as God spake to him directly,
    Exod. 33:11; Num. 7:89; and after-
    wards only in national difficulties, by the
    high-priest only, and not for any private
    person, Num. 27:21; Josh. 7:6, 15.
    This sacred instrument is supposed to
    have been destroyed with the temple of
    Solomon, if not before; as the Jews ac-
    knowledge that it did not exist in the
    second temple, Ezra 2:13; Neh. 7:65.
    The rabbins indeed say, that it con-
    tinued in use only under the tabernacle,
    1 Sam. 28:6: they have a maxim that
    the Holy Ghost spoke to Israel under the
    tabernacle by Urim and Thummim;
    under the first temple by prophets; and
    after the captivity of Babylon, by the
    Bath-kol, or Daughter of the voice; mean-
    ing a voice from heaven, as at the bap-
    , and transfiguration of Christ, Matt.
    3:17; 17:5; 2 Pet. 1:17.   See THUMMIM,

  138. US, the oblique case of we, Deut. 5:3.
    God sometimes uses this pronoun, to indi-
    cate a plurality of Persons in the God-
    , Gen. 1:[26]; 11:7; Isa. 6:8.
    • Us, the Holy Trinity of God, Gen. 3:22
      [Jehovah Elohim].
  139. USE, service or purpose, Lev. 7:24;
    Tit. 3:14: exercise, 2 Sam. 1:18; Heb. 5:
  140. USE, to employ, Lev. 19:26; Jer. 23:
    31: to make use of, Num. 10:2; 1 Chron.
    12:2: to exercise, 1 Tim. 3:10.
  141. USED, did employ, Lev. 7:24; Acts
    8:9: did practice, Acts 19:19.
  142. USING, making use of, Col. 2:22; 1 Pet.
  143. USURP, to claim haughtily, 1 Tim. 2:
  144. USURER, one who takes unlawful in-
    terest or payment, for the loan of money
    or goods, Exod. 22:25.
  145. USURY, unlawful profit, by lending
    money or goods, Exod. 22:25; Jer. 15:
    10: lawful profit upon goods or money
    lent: profit of this kind was allowed to
    Jews in relation to strangers, but not
    to be taken of their own brethren, Deut.
    23:19; Matt. 25:27.   Considering the
    pastoral character of the Israelites, and
    their limited commercial transactions in
    the early ages, the laws of Moses on the
    subject of usury have been regarded as
    exceedingly wise and merciful.   But as
    their foreign commerce increased, usu-
    rious transactions became attended with
    most oppressive and ruinous extortion,
    Ezek. 22:12; Neh. 5:7-10.
  146. UTMOST, the outermost, Gen. 49:26;
    Luke 11:31.
  147. UTTER, to speak, tell, or publish, Lev.
    5:1; Josh. 2:14, 20; 1 Cor. 14:9.
  148. UTTER, extreme, as in place, Ezek. 10:
    5; or in ruin, 1 Kings 20:42; Nah. 1:8.
  149. UTTERANCE, pronunciation, Acts 2:4:
    eloquence, 1 Cor. 1:5: liberty to
    Eph. 6:19; Col. 4:3.
  150. UTTERED, did utter or declare, Num.
    30:6: did publish, Rev. 10:3, 4.
  151. UTTERING, declaring, Isa. 59:13.
  152. UTTERLY, altogether or wholly, Exod.
    17:14; 1 Kings 9:21; 2 Pet. 2:12.
  153. UTTERMOST, outermost, 2 Kings 7:5:
    the whole, Acts 24:22: the extreme,
    as of necessity or distress, Heb. 7:25.
  154. UZ, [h] (counsel), the eldest son of Aram,
    and grandson of
    Shem, Gen. 10:23.
  155. UZ, a son of Dishan the Horite, Gen.
    36:21, 28.
  156. UZ, LAND OF, an extensive district of
    Arabia Deserta, extending, on the east of
    Jordan, from Egypt even to the Euphrates:
    it was famous as the country of the pa-
    triarch Job, Job 1:1.   Idumea appears
    evidently to have been a part of the land
    of Uz, Gen. 36:21, 31, 43; Jer. 25:
    20; Lam. 4:21.
  157. UZ'ZAH, [h] (strength, a goat, or a kid), a
    Levite, who was smitten to death while
    removing the
    ark of God from Kirjath-
    jearim, 2 Sam. 6:2, 4, 7; 1 Chron. 13:
    5, 11; Josh. 15:9, 10; 1 Sam. 7:1, 2.
    Uzziah's "error," appears to have been in
    suffering the ark to be carried in a cart,
    exposed, and in danger of being injured:
    he being a Levite, and having the direc-
    tion of its removal, should have kept
    it covered, while it should have been
    borne on the shoulders of his brethren,
    Exod. 25:14; Josh. 3:6, 17.   Some sup-
    pose that while urging the restive beast,
    Uzziah fell, and was mortally wounded by
    the wheels of the carriage, which was
    understood as an immediate visitation of
    God, 1 Chron. 15:13.
  158. UZ'ZI, [h] (my strength, or my kid), the
    sixth high-priest of Israel, 1 Chron. 6:5, 6.
  159. UZZI'AH, [h] (strength of the Lord), son of
    Uriel, and father of Shaul, a Levite of the
    family of Kohath, 1 Chron. 6:22, 24.
  160. UZZI'AH, son of Amaziah, king of
    Judah, called also Azariah, 2 Kings 14:
    21; 15:13; 2 Chron. 25:25; 26:1, 23.
    Uzziah reigned fifty-two years, in the
    former of which he served the Lord faith-
    fully, and his kingdom greatly prospered:
    but presuming to invade the priest's
    office, he was struck with an incurable
    leprosy.   There is no record of repentance,
    which seems probable, as he enjoyed the
    ministry of the prophet
    Isaiah, 2 Chron.
    26:22; Isa. 1:1; 6:1.
  161. UZZI'EL, [h] (strength of God), a son of
    Kohath, a Levite, and chief of a family in
    Israel, Exod. 6:18, 22; Num. 3:19, 27.

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