Bible Dictionary: Pn.   1840

  1. POETS, those who compose verses or
    songs in metre.   Paul refers, in Acts
    17:28, to the Greek poets, among the
    greatest of whom were Homer, Pindar,
    Anacreon, and Sappho: Virgil, Horace,
    and Ovid, were the best among the Ro-
    mans; and Milton, Young, Cowper, and
    Watts, among the Christian poets of
    England.   Moses, Job, David, Solomon,
    Isaiah, and Jeremiah, were eminent
    poets, among the Hebrews, many parts
    of whose writings were originally in
    metre; and tneir beautiful imagery and
    poetical fire are evident even in the
    English translation of their books.   The
    poet particularly referred to by the
    apostle is supposed to be Aratus of
    Cilicia, of whom there is a Grecian bust
    in the British Museum.
  2. POINT, the sharp tip, Jer. 17:1: a
    particular precise moment of time, Gen.
    25:32; John 4:47: particular article,
    Jam. 2:10.
  3. POINT, to mark or describe carefully,
    Num. 34:7, 8.
  4. POINTED, having a point, Job 41:30.
  5. POISON, venom, Jam. 3:8, especially
    that of serpents, Deut. 31:24-33.
  6. POLE, a long staff, Num. 21:8.
  7. POLICY, cunning contrivance, Dan.
    8:25.
  8. POLISHED, smoothed and brightened,
    as marble or metal, Psal. 144:12.
  9. POLISHING, the complexion, Lam. 4:7.
  10. POLL, a list of names, as of the adult
    males of a nation, Num. 1:2; 3:47.
  11. POLL, to crop or cut, as the hair, Ezek.
    44:20.
  12. POLLED, did poll or cut, 2 Sam. 14:
    26.
  13. POLLUTE, to defile, Ezek. 20:31, or
    profane, 39.
  14. POLLUTED, did pollute or profane, 2
    Chron. 36:14: destroyed, 2 Kings
    23:16.
  15. POLLUTED, defiled, Jer. 3:1; Hos. 6:
    8: punished, Lam. 2:2.
  16. POLLUTING, profaning, Isa. 56:2.
  17. POLLUTION, defilement, as by idolatry,
    Acts 15:20, or sensual indulgences, 2 Pet.
    2:20.
  18. POLLUX, a fabulous divinity, Acts
    28:11.   See CASTOR.
  19. POMEGRANATE (the Punica granatum
    of Linnaeus), a valuable fruit-tree, which
    grows wild in Syria, in the south of
    Europe, and north of Africa.   The fruit
    is of the size of an orange: the rind
    is a reddish-brown, containing nume-
    rous seeds, each enclosed in a crimson
    coat, full of juicy pulp, which in a wild
    state is a pure and strong acid, but in
    the cultivated plant, sweet and grateful.
    This fruit was used to give meats and
    liquors a delicious flavour, especially
    before the extensive growth of oranges
    and lemons, Num. 13:23; Deut. 8:8.
  20. POMMELS, projecting ornaments on
    pillars, 2 Chron. 4:12.
  21. POMP, grandeur in dress and equipage,
    Isa. 5:14; Acts 25:23.
  22. PONDER, to consider seriously, Luke
    2:19: to observe exactly, Prov. 5:21.
  23. PONDERED, seriously considered, Luke
    2:19.
  24. PONDS, pools of water, Exod, 7:19.
    See POOL.
  25. PON'TIUS, [g] (marine, or of the sea),
    the first name of the Roman governor
    who crucified Christ.   See PILATE.
  26. PON'TUS, [g] (the sea), a province in
    Asia Minor, bounded on the east by the
    river Euphrates, and Colchis, on the
    north by the Black sea, on the west by
    Galatia, and on the south by Cappadocia,
    Acts 2:9; 1 Pet. 1:1.
  27. POOL, a small lake of water: artificial
    pools abounded in Egypt, Exod. 7:19,
    and in the valleys of Canaan, where
    they were exceedingly valuable in the
    hot seasons, 2 Sam. 2:13; 4:12.
  28. POOR, destitute of the comforts or
    necessities of life, Lev. 25:25; Rom. 15:
    26: spiritually necessitous, Psal. 40:17;
    Matt. 5:3: morally destitute, as the im-
    penitent
    , Rev. 3:[17], 18.
  29. POPLAR, a lofty, straight, and beautiful
    tree, of rapid growth, Gen. 30:37:
    groves were planted of it for the pur-
    poses of idolatry, Hos. 4:13.
  30. POPULOUS, full of people, Deut. 26:
    5; Nah. 3:8.
  31. PORCH, the entrance to a house, a
    portico or covered walk, Judg. 3:23:
    in eastern houses they were large, and
    princes and nobles rarely admitted visi-
    tors beyond them, except at special sea-
    sons, Ezek. 33:30; Est. 4:11.
  32. POR'CIUS, Πορκιος (a calf), a name of
    Festus, the Roman governor, Acts 24:
    27.   See
    FESTUS.
  33. PORTER, a keeper of a gate or door,
    especially of a city, 2 Sam. 18:26; 2
    Kings 7:10.   David appointed four
    thousand as porters of the doors of the
    temple, 1 Chron. 23:5; 2 Chron. 8:
    14; 35:15.
  34. PORTION, a part, Job 31:2: a right-
    ful share, Gen. 14:24; 47:22: pro-
    perty, Job 24:18: the chief good, Psal.
    16:5; 119:57.
  35. POSSESS, to hold or enjoy, as property,
    Lev. 20:24; 1 Kings 21:18.   To "pos-
    sess the soul in patience,"
    is to be calmly
    reposing the mind on God, Luke 21:19.
  36. POSSESSED, did possess or occupy, Num.
    21:24; 1 Cor. 7:30.
  37. POSSESSED, occupied, Josh. 13:1: en-
    joyed, Isa. 63:18.
  38. POSSESSED OF AN EVIL SPIRIT, held
    under its power, Luke 8:36.
  39. POSSESSING, enjoying, assured of the
    favour of God, 2 Cor. 6:10.
  40. POSSESSION, an estate, as property,
    Gen. 17:8: actual enjoyment, 1 Kings
    21:15-19: riches, as lands, goods, cattle,
    &c., Matt. 19:22.   The whole body of
    the [local] church constitutes the purchased
    possession of Christ, Eph. 1:14.
  41. POSSESSOR, the owner or proprietor,
    Gen. 14:19-22; Acts 4:34.
  42. POSSIBLE, able to be done, Matt. 9:
    23: agreeable to the purpose of God,
    Matt. 26:39.
  43. POST, a pillar, 1 Sam. 1:9; Deut. 6:9.
    The Jews set up "their post by my [God's]
    post," when they established idolatry
    in opposition to Divine ordination, Ezek.
    43:8: a courier or royal messenger,
    Jer. 51:31: such were often sent with
    despatches riding on swift dromedaries,
    Est. 8:10-14.
  44. POSTERITY, the succeeding generations
    or a succession of offspring, Gen. 45:7;
    1 Kings 21:21.
  45. POT, a domestic vessel of earth or
    metal, Judg. 6:19; Exod. 16:33: a
    drinking-cup, Jer. 35:5: a crucible
    for melting gold and silver, Prov. 17:3.
    To "lien among the pots," is to be defiled
    or enslaved, Psal. 68:13.
  46. POTENTATE, a monarch or sovereign:
    God is in reality the only Potentate,
    King of kings, and Lord of lords
    , 1 Tim.
    6:15; Rev. 19:16.
  47. POT'IPHAR, [h] (the bull of Africa,
    or fat bull), the captain of the guard, or
    marshal of Pharaoh, king of Egypt, to
    whom the Midianites sold Joseph, Gen.
    37:36.
  48. POTIPH'ERAH, [h] (he that scatters
    or demolishes the fat), the priest of On, or
    the city of the sun, in Egypt, and father-
    in-law of Joseph, Gen. 41:45.
  49. POTSHERD, a piece of a broken earthen
    vessel, Job 2:8.   Potsherds is a term
    of contempt applied to feeble mortals,
    who practised idolatry in defiance of the
    admonitions of the prophet, Isa. 45:9.
  50. POTTAGE, a kind of soup or broth,
    made chiefly with herbs, Gen. 25:29-34;
    2 Kings 4:38-40.
  51. POTTER, a maker of earthenware, Jer.
    18:2.
  52. POTTER'S FIELD, a piece of clay- land
    near
    Jerusalem, bought with the price
    which had been paid for the betraying
    of our Saviour
    , Matt. 27:7-10.
  53. POUND or MANEH, sixty shekels, 1
    Kings 10:17; Ezra 2:69; Neh. 7:71, 72;
    Ezek. 45:12.   See
    WEIGHTS.
  54. POUR, to diffuse or let out, as water
    from a vessel, Exod. 4:9: to communi-
    cate, as the influences of the
    Holy Spirit,
    Prov. 1:23.
  55. POURED, did pour, as oil, Gen. 28:
    18, or water, 1 Sam. 7:6: did impart,
    as the gifts and grace of the Holy Spirit
    ,
    Ezek. 39:29.
  56. POURED, distilled or showered, Exod.
    9:33: scattered, 1 Kings 13:3: exe-
    cuted, as the Divine judgments on the
    wicked, Dan. 9:11: imparted, as divine
    influences, Acts 10:45.
  57. POURING, distilling, Luke 10:34: mani-
    festing, as the Divine displeasure, Ezek.
    9:8.
  58. POURTRAY, to depict, Ezek. 4:1.
  59. POURTRAYED, depicted or drawn,
    Ezek. 8:10; 23:14.
  60. POVERTY, want or distress, Gen. 45:
    11; 2 Cor. 8:2.
  61. POWDER, dust, as fine sand, Exod.
    32:20.
  62. POWDERS, preparations of perfume,
    Sol. Song 3:6.
  63. POWER: this word is variously used,
    as for physical brute strength, Job 41:
    12: individual ability, Gen. 31:6: per-
    sonal influence, 32:28: national re-
    sources, 2 Chron. 32:9: official autho-
    rity, John 19:10: constituted right or
    privilege, 1:12: mental energy, Mic. 3:
    8: intellectual and spiritual qualifications,
    Acts 1:8.
  64. POWER OF CHRIST, His essential ability
    or omnipotence, as the Son of God
    , Heb.
    1:3: His official authority, founded on
    His divinity and Messiahship
    , Matt.
    28:18; John 17:2: His mediatorial
    right
    , Matt. 9:6: His gracious influence,
    2 Cor. 12:9.
  65. POWER OF GOD, His infinite perfection
    of omnipotence, as the Almighty Creator
    ,
    Gen. 17:10.   Creation and all His works
    in nature and providence exhibit His
    eternal power and
    Godhead, Rom. 1:20:
    which are seen also in the moral renova-
    tion of believers, and their daily pre-
    servation in the ways of holiness to glory
    ,
    Col. 1:11-13; 1 Pet. 1:5.   The gospel of
    Christ, as the instrument of regeneration
    and salvation, is called the power of God
    ,
    Rom. 1:18; 1 Cor. 1:18.
  66. POWERFUL, potent or energetic, Psal.
    29:2: efficacious, Heb. 4:2.
  67. PRACTICES, manners and actions, 2
    Pet. 2:14.
  68. PRACTISE, to do habitually, Psal. 141:
    4; Dan. 8:12, 24.
  69. PRAISE, honour or high reputation, 2
    Cor. 8:18.   God's praise is infinite,
    and His honour and glory are proclaimed
    by all His works, material and intelligent
    ,
    Psal. 19:1; 145:5-12; Rev. 4:8-11.
  70. PRAISE, to commend, Prov. 27:2;
    1 Cor. 11:2-17.   To praise
    God is to give
    Him honour, especially in psalms and
    hymns, as our Creator, Preserver, and
    Benefactor, the gracious Giver of our
    life and all our enjoyments, especially
    as the God of salvation
    , Dan. 2:23; 4:
    37; Psal. 86:6; Luke 2:13-20.
  71. PRAISED, did praise or worship, as
    God, 1 Chron. 27:5, or idols, Judg.
    16:24; Dan. 5:4.
  72. PRAISED, worshipped, 2 Sam. 22:4:
    commended, Psal. 31:30.
  73. PRAISING, worshipping, Ezra 3:11;
    Luke 2:13.
  74. PRANCING, treading the ground as a
    spirited horse, Nah. 3:2.
  75. PRATING, talking idly, Prov. 10:8; 3
    John 10.
  76. PRAY, to entreat, Mark 5:17; 2 Cor. 5:
    20.   To pray to
    God [alone], is humbly to entreat
    His favour, and the blessings of His grace
    and mercy for ourselves and others, for
    the sake of Jesus Christ, 1 Tim. 2:8;
    Jam. 5:13.
  77. PRAYED, did pray or implore, Num.
    11:2; 21:7: did say a form of words as
    prayer, Luke 18:11: did request, Mark
    5:18.
  78. PRAYER is the offering up of our de-
    sires to
    God [alone] for His favour and blessings
    in the name of Christ, believing His pro-
    mises in the gospel, and with thanks-
    giving for all His benefits.   Prayer is
    the natural duty of every man, as a
    creature dependent on God, Acts 8:
    22; 1 Tim. 2:8.   Prayer is represented
    in Scripture by every form of expression
    which can indicate human exigencies,
    by which we are taught its nature and
    necessity; as looking up to God, Psal. 5:
    3; lifting up the soul, 25:1; pouring
    out the heart, 62:8; asking, seeking,
    knocking, Matt. 7:7-9.   To instruct us
    in prayer, God has given us all the
    Scriptures, especially the Lord's prayer,
    Matt. 6.; John 17., and the prayers of
    the apostles, Eph. 1:16-21; 3:14-21, &c.
    Prayer, as offered in public, for the edi-
    fication of others, should be a subject of
    serious meditation, according to the ne-
    cessities of individuals, our country, or
    the world; and it may be considered
    under these following heads:--Invocation,
    Adoration, Confession, Petition, Interces-
    sion, Dedication, Thanksgiving, and Bless-
    ing.
  79. PRAYING, offering prayer, 1 Sam. 1:12;
    Eph. 6:18.
  80. PREACH, to proclaim as a herald, Neh.
    6:7; Jon. 3:2-7; Dan. 3:2-4; Isa. 41:1:
    thus the
    gospel of Christ is proclaimed
    to every nation and people, as the doc-
    trine of reconciliation and salvation
    , Mark
    16:18; Eph. 3:8.
  81. PREACHED, did preach or proclaim,
    Mark 1:7; Acts 4:2.
  82. PREACHED, proclaimed, Matt. 11:5;
    Acts 13:38.
  83. PREACHER, one who proclaims the
    will of
    God, as a public religious teacher,
    Rom. 10:14.   Solomon was a preacher,
    as inspired with divine wisdom, Eccles.
    1:1-12; 12:9, 10.   Noah was the seventh
    of the extraordinary preachers of righte-
    ousness to the old world, 2 Pet. 2:5.
    Paul, the apostle, was an extraordinary
    preacher to the Gentiles, having his com-
    mission with the other apostles directly
    from Christ, 1 Tim. 2:7; Acts 26:
    15-20.
  84. PREACHING, publishing or making pro-
    clamation, Matt. 3:1: a ministry: hence
    the preaching of
    Jonah, Jon. 3:2: the
    ministry of the gospel, Col. 1:18-20.
  85. PRECEPT, a command or authoritative
    direction, as an article of law, Neh. 9:
    14; Mark 10:5; Heb. 9:19.
  86. PRECIOUS, valuable, Gen. 24:53; 2
    Kings 20:13: highly esteemed, Psal.
    72:14; 116:15: of infinite worth, 1
    Pet. 1:19.
  87. PREDESTINATE, to appoint before to
    a particular office, privilege, or benefit;
    as the elect [believers] to conformity with Christ in
    holiness, to the privilege of divine adop-
    tion, and to eternal glory, Rom. 8:28, 29,
    30.
  88. PREDESTINATED, foreordained, Eph.
    1:5-11 [believers].
  89. PRE-EMINENCE, superior honour, 3
    John 9.   Man by sin is mortal, and in
    death he has no pre-eminence above a
    beast, Eccles. 3:19.  
    Christ, as Media-
    tor
    , has pre-eminence above all men and
    all angels
    , Col. 1:18.
  90. PREFER, to regard most, Psal. 137:
    6.
  91. PREFERRED, regarded above others,
    Est. 2:9; Dan. 6:13.   Christ, as pos-
    sessing infinite worthiness, was preferred
    above the greatest prophet
    , John 1:15,
    27, 30.
  92. PREFERRING, modestly yielding hon-
    our to others, Rom. 12:10.
  93. PREMEDITATE, to consider beforehand
    what to say, Mark 13:11.
  94. PREPARATION, the act of getting ready,
    as materials for a building, 1 Chron. 22:
    5; or provisions for a feast, Matt. 27:
    62.
  95. PREPARE, to get ready, as for a jour-
    ney, Josh. 1:11.
  96. PREPARED, got ready, as victuals for
    supply, Exod. 12:39: apartments for a
    guest, Gen. 24:31:
    Heaven for the
    righteous [saved], 1 Cor. 2:9; Heb. 11:16.
  97. PREPARING, making ready, Neh. 13:
    7; 1 Pet. 3:30.
  98. PRESBYTERY, a body of seniors or
    elders.   "[L]aying on of the hands of the
    presbytery[,]"
    in the case of Timothy, 1
    Tim. 4:14; 2 Tim. 1:6, was a special
    appointment to the Christian ministry,
    in an important service, as that done
    to Paul and Barnabas in the
    church at
    Antioch, Acts 13:1-3.
  99. PRESCRIBED, specifically mentioned,
    Isa. 10:7; Ezra 7:22.
  100. PRESENCE, the state of being immedi-
    ately present, Gen. 45:3.
  101. PRESENCE OF GOD, a special appear-
    ance, as in
    Eden, Gen. 3:8: to Moses
    and the Israelites, Exod. 33:14, 15:
    to His angels and saints in heaven, Luke
    1:19; Jude 24.
  102. PRESENT, a gift, as an expression of
    friendship or obligation to secure favour,
    Gen. 32:13, 20.
  103. PRESENT, to be near, Exod. 34:2:
    to bring near, 2 Cor. 4:14: to dedicate,
    Luke 2:22: to manifest, Jude 24.
  104. PRESENT, near at hand, 1 Sam. 13:
    15: on the spot, Ezra 7:25.
  105. PRESENTED, did present or bring near,
    Gen. 46:29; Num. 3:6: offered as a
    gift, Matt. 2:11: stated or made known,
    Jer. 38:26.
  106. PRESENTING, stating or making known,
    Dan. 9:20.
  107. PRESENTLY, soon or immediately, 1
    Sam. 2:16; Matt. 26:53.
  108. PRESERVE, to keep safely, Gen. 45:
    57: to
    uphold or sustain, Psal. 36:6:
    to secure, 2 Tim. 4:13.
  109. PRESERVED, kept safely, Josh. 24:
    17; 1 Thess. 5:23.
  110. PRESERVER, a keeper, as God is the
    preserver of all, Job 7:20.
  111. PRESIDENTS, chief governors under a
    king, having the direction of other rulers,
    Dan. 6:2, 7.
  112. PRESS, a machine for squeezing grapes
    to make wine [juice], Joel 3:13; Hag. 2:16.
  113. PRESS, to squeeze or throng, Luke
    8:45: to urge forward, Phil. 3:14: to
    distress, Psal. 38:2.
  114. PRESSED, did squeeze, Gen. 40:11: did
    urge or entreat, Judg. 16:16: did throng,
    Luke 5:1.
  115. PRESSED, squeezed, Luke 6:30: ex-
    cited, Acts 18:5.
  116. PRESS-FAT, a vessel which receives
    the juice of grapes when pressed, Hag.
    2:16.
  117. PRESUME, to dare or venture, Deut.
    18:20; Est. 7:5.
  118. PRESUMED, did presume or dare, Num.
    14:44.
  119. PRESUMPTUOUS, daring, Psal. 19:13:
    insolent, 2 Pet. 2:10.
  120. PRESUMPTUOUSLY, daringly, Exod.
    21:14.
  121. PRETENCE, hypocritical show, Matt.
    23:14.
  122. PRETORIUM, the palace of the pretor,
    or Roman governor at Jerusalem, espe-
    cially that part of it which was used for
    the justice-hall, Mark 15:16; John 18:
    28-33.
  123. PREVAIL, to rise in force, Gen. 7:20:
    to succeed, Num. 22:6: to overcome,
    1 Kings 20:22: to influence, Matt. 27:
    24.
  124. PREVAILED, did prevail, or rise in
    force, Gen. 8:18-24: did overcome,
    1 Sam. 17:50: did increase, 2 Kings
    25:3: became influential, Acts 19:
    20.
  125. PREVENT, to come before so as to
    hinder, 1 Thess. 4:15: to distress, Psal.
    18:5: to succour, 79:8.
  126. PREVENTED, interrupted, Matt. 17:
    25: did distress, 2 Sam. 22:6-19.
  127. PREY, what is caught by savage beasts,
    Job 4:11; 9:26: plunder of robbers,
    Isa. 10:26, or of armies, Num. 31:12.
  128. PREY, to seize on property, as booty,
    Jer. 30:13.
  129. PRICE, the money paid for anything
    purchased, 1 Kings 10:28: value, Prov.
    31:10: high esteem, 1 Pet. 3:4.   The
    price of our
    redemption is the obedient
    and suffering life of Jesus Christ
    , 1 Cor.
    6:20; 1 Pet. 1:19.
  130. PRICK, a sharp point, Num. 33:35;
    as of iron at the end of a staff to drive
    cattle, to which allusion is made in re-
    proving the persecuting madness of Saul,
    Acts 9:5.
  131. PRICKED, pierced in mind or wounded
    in spirit, Psal. 73:21; Acts 2:37.
  132. PRICKING, piercing or wounding, Ezek.
    28:24.
  133. PRIDE, excessive self- esteem, evinced
    by haughtiness, Isa. 16:6; Dan. 5:20,
    and vain glory, 2 Chron. 32:26-31.
  134. PRIEST, one who offers sacrifice for
    sin, and intercedes with God for sinners,
    Heb. 5:1; 8:3; 10:11.   The office of
    priest, from its first institution on the
    fall of man, pertained to the head of
    every family: hence Adam, Abel, Noah,
    Abraham, Isaac, Abimelech, Job, Jacob,
    and Laban, offered their own sacrifices.
    Moses performed the office of priest for
    all Israel, assisted by young men, until
    the giving of the ceremonial law, when
    the tribe of
    Levi was chosen as the Lord's
    lot, or clergy, to be the instructors, judges,
    and magistrates of the people, the priest-
    hood being restricted to the family of
    Aaron, Exod. 28:1; 29.; Lev. 8.
    9.; Num. 8:6-26.   Christianity being
    the substance of the typical Levitical
    ceremonies, the office of priest has no
    existence in the character of ministers
    of the gospel, that being limited solely to
    the Person of our Redeemer Jesus Christ
    ,
    Heb. 7. 8. 9.
  135. PRIESTHOOD, the office and character
    of a priest, Exod. 40:15; Heb. 7:5-24.
    The costume of the priesthood is ex-
    hibited in our engraving, and the inci-
    dent illustrated is the ceremony of the
    scape-goat, Lev. 16:20-24.
  136. PRIESTHOOD, a Levitical title, used
    twice to designate the body of true Chris-
    tians, who offer up prayer and praise as
    spiritual sacrifices, acceptable to God by
    Jesus Christ, 1 Pet. 2:5-9.   Hence, as
    Israel was called "a kingdom of priests,"
    Exod. 19:6, Christians are said to be "a
    royal priesthood,"
    1 Pet. 2:9, and "made
    us kings and priests unto God[,]"
    Rev. 1:6.
  137. PRIESTHOOD OF CHRIST.   Jesus Christ,
    in His character of
    Mediator, sustains the
    office of priest, the antitype of Aaron and
    Melchisedec, having accomplished in His
    own Person, by offering up Himself once
    a sacrifice for the sins of the world, all
    that was prefigured in the ancient cere-
    monies; and having entered into Heaven
    itself, He ever lives to make intercession
    for us as our great High-Priest with God
    ,
    Heb. 2. 3. 5. 7. 8. 9. 10.
  138. PRINCE, a person of royal birth, or of
    chief authority, as the head of a tribe,
    Gen. 12:15; 23:6; 34:2; Num. 17:
    2: the emperor of Rome, Dan. 9:26, or
    of Persia, 10:20.  
    Satan, having influence
    over wicked men, is called "the prince
    of this world
    [,]" John 12:31, and "of the
    power of the air
    [,]" Eph. 2:2.   Christ is
    Lord of all, "[P]rince of the kings of the
    earth
    [,]"
    Rev. 1:5: and God, as Sovereign
    of the universe, is called "Prince of
    princes
    [,]"
    Dan. 8:11, 25.
  139. PRINCES, royal personages, Josh. 13:
    21: nobles and officers in a kingdom,
    Isa. 10:8: persons of worth, Eccles. 10:
    7-17: teachers of high authority, 2 Cor.
    2:6-8.
  140. PRINCESS, a daughter of a king, or a
    lady of the highest rank, 1 Kings 11:3.
  141. PRINCIPAL, an article of property bor-
    rowed, or the value of it, Lev. 6:5; Num.
    5:7.
  142. PRINCIPAL, the chief in value or esteem,
    as of spices, Exod. 30:23, or of corn,
    Isa. 28:5: most eminent in dignity,
    as an officer in a king's court, 1 Kings 4:
    5; Mic. 5:5.
  143. PRINCIPALITY, sovereignty in a state,
    Jer. 13:18: civil rulers, Tit. 3:1.
    Angels, as high in power in the kingdom
    of God, are called principalities, Eph. 1:
    21; Col. 1:16.   Evil angels are so called
    on account of their power
    , Eph. 6:12.
  144. PRINCIPLES, elementary truths or doc-
    trines, Heb. 5:12; 6:1.
  145. PRINT, a visible mark, Job 13:27;
    20:25.
  146. PRINT, to make a mark, Lev. 19:28.
  147. PRINTED, written indelibly, as the
    earliest books, with a pen of iron on lead
    or stone, Job 19:23.
  148. PRIS'CA, Πρισκα (ancient), the wife of
    Aquila, a tent-maker, in whose house
    Paul resided at Corinth: she appears to
    have been an [important] Christian, Acts
    18:2-26; Rom. 16:3; 1 Cor. 16:19;
    2 Tim. [4]:19.   She is called PRISCILLA.
  149. PRISCIL'LA, Πρισκιλλα, the same as
    Prisca.   See PRISCA.
  150. PRISON, a place of confinement for
    debtors, Matt. 25:36, and violators of
    public laws, Luke 23:29.   Many of the
    most holy servants of God have been shut
    up in prison by despotism and tyranny,
    from hatred to their principles and cha-
    racter, which have been slandered by
    their enemies, as
    Joseph, Jeremiah, John,
    and the apostles, Gen. 40:3; Jer. 32:
    2; Mark 14:3; Acts 5:18, 19.
  151. PRISONER, a person confined in prison,
    Acts 23:18.
  152. PRISON-HOUSE, a building used as a
    prison, Judg. 16:21-25.
  153. PRIVATE, secret, 2 Pet. 1:20.
  154. PRIVATELY, secretly, apart from com-
    pany, Matt. 24:3; Gal. 2:2.
  155. PRIVILEGE (marg. read. of John 1:12,
    for
    power), a constituted right.
  156. PRIVILY, secretly, Judg. 9:31; Gal. 2:
    2: by stealth, 1 Sam. 24:4.
  157. PRIVY, secret, Ezek. 21:14: inti-
    mately acquainted with, Acts 5:2.
  158. PRIZE, a reward offered to racers,
    1 Cor. 9:24: as the recompense
    of [heavenly] reward to faithful believers in Christ,
    Phil. 3:14.
  159. PRIZED, valued as for price, Zech. 11:
    13.
  160. PROCEED, to go out from, as branches
    from a stem, Exod. 25:35: or words
    from the mouth, Matt. 15:18, 19: or a
    law from a sovereign, Isa. 51:4: to go on
    in a work, Isa. 29:14, or in wickedness,
    2 Tim. 3:9.
  161. PROCEEDED, did proceed, or go on,
    Job 36:1; Acts 12:3.
  162. PROCEEDING, going out, Rev. 22:1.
  163. PROCESS, a course, as a length or period
    of time, Gen. 4:3; Exod. 2:23.
  164. PROCH'ORUS, Προχορος (president of the
    choir
    ), one of the seven Grecian deacons
    in the
    church at Jerusalem, Acts 6:5.
  165. PROCLAIM, to make public, as by pro-
    clamation, Exod. 33:19; Est. 6:11;
    Rev. 5:2: to exhibit, Prov. 12:23; 20:6.
  166. PROCLAIMING, publishing, Rev. 5:2.
  167. PROCLAMATION, a public notice made
    by a crier, Exod. 32:5; Ezra 10:7;
    Dan. 5:29.
  168. PROCURE, to bring or occasion, Jer.
    26:19.
  169. PROCURED, gained, Jer. 2:17; 4:17.
  170. PRODUCE, to bring forth as arguments
    in a cause, Isa. 41:21.
  171. PROFANE, ungodly, as Esau, Heb. 12:
    16: irreligious, 1 Tim. 4:7: in common
    use, Ezek. 44:23.
  172. PROFANED, abused or violated, Lev.
    19:8; Mal. 1:12.
  173. PROFANENESS, irreverence of sacred
    things, Jer. 23:15.
  174. PROFESS, to declare solemnly or pub-
    licly, Deut. 26:3: to pretend, Tit. 1:
    16.
  175. PROFESSED, declared, 2 Cor. 9:13.
  176. PROFESSING, declaring as their posses-
    sions, 1 Tim. 2:10: boasting, Rom. 1:22.
  177. PROFESSION, declaration of belief and
    hope, 1 Tim. 6:12: our calling or Chris-
    tian vocation, Heb. 3:1.
  178. PROFIT, advantage or gain, Gen. 25:
    32; 1 Cor. 10:33.
  179. PROFIT, to make advantage, 1 Sam.
    12:21; Mark 8:36.
  180. PROFITABLE, advantageous, Job 22:
    2: edifying, 2 Tim. 3:16.
  181. PROFOUND, very skilful, Hos. 5:2.
  182. PROGENITORS, forefathers, Gen. 49:26.
  183. PROGNOSTICATORS, pretenders to the
    knowledge of future events: such were
    the astrologers, who imposed upon the
    people by monthly declarations concern-
    ing the planetary motions, Isa. 47:13.
  184. PROLONG, to extend, Deut. 4:26: to
    delay, Ezek. 12:25-28.
  185. PROLONGED, extended in length of
    time, Job 6:11; Dan. 7:12.
  186. PROMISE, an assurance of the per-
    formance of an engagement, Neh. 5:12,
    13: a gracious assurance of life and
    sal-
    vation
    through Christ
    , Rom. 4:13; 2 Tim.
    1:1; 1 John 2:25.
  187. PROMISES.   God made promises to
    Abraham, of Canaan, as the land of his
    inheritance, and of a numerous posterity
    to enjoy it, from whom the Messiah
    should arise to bless all nations, Gen.
    17:1-8; and these were all fulfilled in
    due time, Luke 1:72; 2:45-55; Rom. 4:
    13, 14; Gal. 3:14-29; Heb. 6:13-15.
    God "has "given unto us exceeding great
    and precious promises[,]"
    2 Pet. 1:4, for
    our consolation and salvation, Heb. 6:17.
    Christ, having finished the work of re-
    demption
    , according to His gracious assu-
    rance, "that holy Spirit of promise" is
    the great blessing now to be expected
    to give full effect to all the merciful pur-
    poses of God, John 14:16, 17; Eph. 1:13.
  188. PROMISED, assured, Exod. 12:25; Rom.
    1:2; Tit. 1:2; 1 John 2:25.
  189. PROMISING, assuring, Ezek. 13:22.
  190. PROMOTE, to advance in dignity, Num.
    22:17.
  191. PROMOTED, advanced, Judg. 9:9;
    Dan. 3:30.
  192. PROMOTION, advancement in station,
    Prov. 3:35.
  193. PRONOUNCE, to speak, Judg. 12:6: to
    utter a sentence or an oath with solem-
    nity, Lev. 5:4.
  194. PRONOUNCED, did pronounce or declare
    solemnly, Neh. 6:12; Jer. 11:17.
  195. PROOF, convincing evidence, 2 Cor.
    13:3; Acts 1:3.
  196. PROPER, one's own, 1 Chron. 29:3:
    common, Acts 1:19: appropriate, 1 Cor.
    7:7: remarkable, Heb 11:23.
  197. PROPHECY, a prediction, a declaration
    of things to come to pass in future, Neh.
    6:12; Matt. 13:14: the gift to fortel
    things to come, 1 Cor. 13:2: a declara-
    tion of obscure things, Prov. 30:1: the
    gift of interpreting the prophetic Scrip-
    tures, 1 Cor. 12:10.   Inspired prophecy
    in the Scriptures
    , relating to
    Christ and
    His kingdom, in connexion with the rise,
    progress, glory, overthrow, and present
    state of many great nations, is a subject
    of vast importance to the edification of
    Christians, in contemplating the govern-
    ment and providence of God.
    • Prophecy, True.   Today, the only real and reliable
      predictions come from the Scriptures.
      See Bible Prophecy.
  198. PROPHESIED, did prophesy or fortel,
    Mark 7:6: did sing praises to God, 1
    Chron. 25:1: did preach, Num. 11:25.
  199. PROPHESY, to foretel future events, 1
    Kings 22:8-18; Ezek. 12:27: to preach,
    Num. 11:27: to sing praises to God, 1
    Chron. 25:1.
  200. PROPHET, a messenger of God inspired
    to declare His will, 1 Sam. 3:20; 9:9;
    1 Kings 18:36; Ezra 5:1; 6:14: the
    book of any prophet, as of Isaiah, Matt.
    1:22, or Daniel, 24:15: a pupil of the
    prophets, 1 Kings 18:40.   Prophet is
    applied also to individuals who were
    false teachers, as to Balaam, 2 Pet. 2:
    16; to Barjesus, Acts 13:6; to the
    ministers of the idol Baal, 1 Kings 18:
    19, 40.   Abraham, Moses, Nathan, and
    others, were eminent prophets of God;
    but the appellation is commonly limited
    to those sixteen who have left us their
    inspired books.   See OLD TESTAMENT.
  201. PROPHETESS, a female prophet: those
    named in Scripture are, Miriam, Exod.
    15:20; Deborah, Judg. 4:4; Huldah,
    2 Kings 22:14; Anna, Luke 2:36.
    Noadiah appears to have been a false
    prophetess, Neh. 6:14; and Jezebel is a
    symbolical name for some wicked female
    teacher among the early Christians, Rev.
    2:20.
  202. PROPITIATION, that which atones for
    an offence, satisfying an offended party,
    and securing a reconciliation.  
    Christ,
    our Mediator with God, is set forth by
    the riches of His sovereign mercy as a
    full propitiation for the sins of the whole
    world
    , Rom. 3:25; 1 John 2:2.
  203. PROPORTION, agreement in all the
    parts, as in an ornament, 1 Kings 7:36;
    in a beast, Job 41:12; or in a course of
    instruction, Rom. 12:6.
  204. PROSELYTE, a foreigner converted to
    the religion of Israel, Matt. 23:15;
    Acts 2:10; 13:43.   Proselytes of the
    Gate were admitted without circumcision,
    as they engaged to observe the seven pre-
    cepts of Noah: 1, to relinquish idolatry:
    2, to worship God: 3, to commit no mur-
    der: 4, to abhor uncleanness: 5, to refrain
    from theft: 6, to enforce judgment on the
    wicked: 7, to abstain from the blood of a
    living animal.
      Such were Naaman, Cor-
    nelius, and the Ethiopian Eunuch.   Prose-
    lytes of righteousness observed all the
    law of Moses
    : some learned men, how-
    ever, deny the existence of any difference
    as forming two classes of proselytes.
  205. PROSPECT, the object of view, Ezek.
    40:44-46.
  206. PROSPER, to make successful, Gen.
    24:40-42; Dan. 6:28.
  207. PROSPERED, made sucessful, Gen.
    24:56; Dan. 6:28; 1 Cor. 16:2.
  208. PROSPERITY, welfare, Deut. 23:6:
    wealth or abundance, 1 Sam. 25:6; 1
    Kings 10:7.
  209. PROSPEROUS, successful or happy, Gen.
    39:2; Rom. 1:10.
  210. PROSPEROUSLY, successfully or joy-
    fully, 2 Chron. 7:11.
  211. PROSTITUTE, to expose to crimes for
    gain, Lev. 19:29.
  212. PROTECTION, defence from harm, Deut.
    32:38.
  213. PROTEST, to declare solemnly, Gen.
    43:3; 1 Sam. 8:9.
  214. PROTESTED, did declare solemnly, 2
    Kings 2:42; Zech. 3:6.
  215. PROTESTING, charging solemnly, Jer.
    11:7.
  216. PROUD, arrogant, Jer. 48:29; 2 Tim.
    3:2.
  217. PROUDLY, haughtily or insolently, Isa.
    3:5.
  218. PROVE, to make trial, Exod. 16:4: to
    examine, as by questions, 1 Kings 10:1:
    to show by evidence, Acts 24:13: to
    investigate, 1 Thess. 5:21.
  219. PROVED, did prove or try, Dan. 1:14:
    did make manifest, Rom. 3:9.
  220. PROVED, discovered, Eccles. 7:23:
    exercised or used, 1 Sam. 17:39.
  221. PROVENDER, dry food for cattle, as hay
    or corn, Gen. 24:25; Isa. 30:24.
  222. PROVERB, a wise saying briefly ex-
    pressed, Prov. 1:6; Luke 4:23: a com-
    mon expression indicating contempt,
    Deut. 28:37.   "Proverbs of the an-
    cients"
    are common in all nations, gene-
    rally containing much practical wisdom
    adapted to impress and instruct the mind,
    1 Sam. 24:13; 2 Pet. 2:22; Num. 21:
    27.   "Solomon spake three thousand
    proverbs,"
    some of which have been pre-
    served in a large book, as given by
    inspi-
    ration
    of God, 1 Kings 4:32.
  223. PROVERBS, THE BOOK OF: this collec-
    tion of inspired Hebrew proverbs, chiefly
    spoken by
    Solomon, was made by several
    hands: they were written in the poetic
    style, and they relate to almost every
    branch of moral and religious duty: they
    are a storehouse of practical wisdom, an
    invaluable treasure to the church of God.
    The first nine chapters contain the most
    affectionate and forcible exhortation to
    the study of wisdom in the fear of God;
    the following twenty chapters are pro-
    perly proverbs, and the last two are wise
    instructions of Agur to his pupils, and of
    the mother of king Lemuel to her son.
    See Commentary.
  224. PROVIDE, to prepare, Gen. 22:8, as
    for the support of a family, 30:30: to
    look out for, Exod. 18:21.
  225. PROVIDED, did prepare, 1 Kings 4:7;
    2 Chron. 32:29.
  226. PROVIDED, prepared, 1 Sam. 16:1;
    Luke 12:20; Heb. 11:40.
  227. PROVIDENCE, prudent and efficient
    care for the future, Acts 24:2.   Provi-
    dence, as applied to
    God, is His sovereign,
    almighty, bountiful, universal and per-
    petual care of all His creatures, especially
    regarding the preservation and govern-
    ment of men
    , Psal. 104. 155.
  228. PROVINCE, a conquered country, Acts
    23:34; Est. 1:1: a district of a country,
    Dan. 2:48; 8:2.
  229. PROVING, showing by argument, Acts
    9:22: learning by experience, Eph. 5:
    10.
  230. PROVISION, food prepared, Gen. 42:
    25: preparation of all necessaries, 1 Kings
    4:7, 22.
  231. PROVOCATION, great offence, Psal. 95:
    8; Neh. 9:18: cause of great offence, as
    the establishment of idolatry in Israel,
    1 Kings 15:30; 21:22.
  232. PROVOKE, to offend greatly, Num. 14:
    11; Luke 11:53: to excite, Rom. 10:19;
    Heb. 10:24.
  233. PROVOKED, did provoke or offend, Num.
    14:23: did excite, 1 Chron. 21:1.
  234. PROVOKED, offended, 1 Cor. 13:5:
    excited, 2 Cor. 9:2.
  235. PROVOKING, offending, 1 Kings 14:
    15: exciting, Gal. 5:26.
  236. PRUDENCE, wisdom applied to prac-
    tice, 2 Chron. 2:2; Eph. 1:8.
  237. PRUDENT, practically wise or discreet
    in conduct, 1 Sam. 16:18; Acts 13:7:
    cunning or shrewd, Isa. 5:21; Matt. 11:25.
  238. PRUDENTLY, wisely, Isa. 52:13.
  239. PRUNE, to cut off superfluous branches
    of fruit trees, Lev. 25:3, 4.
  240. PRUNED, dressed, as a vine, by cutting
    off useless branches, Isa. 5:6.
  241. PRUNING, adapted, as a hooked knife,
    to prune, Isa. 2:2.
  242. PSALM, a holy song of praise to God,
    1 Chron. 16:7.
  243. PSALMIST, a writer of holy songs: it
    is applied in the Scriptures only to
    David,
    2 Sam. 23:1.
  244. PSALMS, THE BOOK OF: this book is
    so called as it is a collection of inspired
    songs, hymns, meditations, and prayers,
    containing the substance of Divine Reve-
    lation
    adapted to the purposes of devo-
    tion: they represent all the various ex-
    ercises of the spiritual mind, and furnish
    the most appropriate materials for reflec-
    tion, praise, and prayer, and the precious-
    ness of so large a part of Scripture
    to the devout mind, has ever been re-
    garded by pious Jews and Christians.
    The Psalms were originally written in
    every possible variety of Hebrew metre;
    and they are frequently called the "Psalms
    of David,"
    as the greater number of them
    came from the pen of that eminent ser-
    vant of God: but many of them were
    composed by others, the chief of whom
    were, Heman, Moses, Asaph, Solomon,
    and Jeduthun.   While the language of
    the Psalms has a literal application to
    the circumstances of the several writers,
    and the histories to which they refer,
    various parts are evidently prophetic,
    pointing out some future events, especi-
    ally the mission and ministry of Messiah,
    and the triumphs of the church, as dic-
    tated by the inspiring Spirit.   David
    himself, as an extraordinary king, priest,
    and prophet, was a type of Christ, and
    the [O.T.] church of Israel prefigured the [N.T.] church[es]
    of professing Christians.   Profitably to read
    the Psalms, therefore, every one should
    possess--1. A renewed spiritual mind.   2.
    A comprehensive knowledge of Scripture
    history.   3. An acquaintance with the Old
    Testament prophecies concerning Christ.
    See
    Commentary.
  245. PSALMS, THE CLASSES OF THE: the
    Psalms have been classed under these
    six heads :--
    1. Prayers.--I. For pardon of sin, 6-
      25; 38; 51-130: those called
      penitential are, 6; 32; 51; 102; 130-
      143.
        II. In absence from public wor-
      ship, 42; 43; 63; 84.
        III. In affliction, 3-13; 22; 69;
      77; 88; 143.
        IV. In trouble, 4; 5; 28; 41;
      44; 55; 64; 79; 80; 83;
      109; 120; 140; 141; 142.
    2. Thanksgiving Psalms.--I. For per-
      sonal mercies, 9; 18; 30; 34;
      40; 75; 103; 108; 116; 118;
      138; 144; 145.
        II. For mercies to the church,
      46; 48; 65; 66; 68; 76;
      81; 85; 98; 105; 116; 117;
      124; 126; 129; 135; 136;
      149.
    3. Psalms of Adoration.--I. Of the
      majesty and perfections of God,
      8; 19; 24; 29; 33; 47; 50;
      65; 66; 76; 77; 89; 93;
      96; 99; 104; 111; 113; 114; 115;
      134; 139; 148; 150.
        II. Of the providential care of
      God over good men, 23; 34;
      36; 91; 100; 103; 107; 117; 121;
      145; [146?].
    4. Psalms of Doctrinal Instruction.-- I.
      The excellency of the Scriptures,
      19; 119.
        II. The vanity of mortal man,
      39; 49; 90.
        III. The characters and destinies
      of good and bad men, 1; 5; 7; 9;
      10; 11; 12; 14; 15; 17; 24; 32;
      34; 36; 37; 50; 52; 58;
      73; 75; 84; 91; 92; 94;
      112; 119; 121; 125; 127; 128;
      133.
    5. Prophetical Psalms.-- Relating to
      Messiah and His kingdom, 2; 8;
      16; 22; 40; 45; 68; 72;
      87; 109; 110; 118.
    6. Historical Psalms.--78; 105; 106;
      135; 136.

    CHRONOLOGICAL ARRANGEMENT OF THE PSALMS.
    COMPILED CHIEFLY FROM CALMET, HORNE, AND TOWNSEND.

    Probable
    Dates.
    A.M.   B.C.
    Number of Psalms.
    Probable Authors.
    Probable Occasions.
    Scripture Con-
    nexions.
    2473   1531 88 Heman Oppression of Israel in Egypt Exod. 2:23-25.
    2514   1490 90 Moses Shortening of human life Num. 14:35.
    2941   1063 9 David Victory over Goliath 1 Sam. 18:6.
    2942   1062 11   Do. On his flight to the mountains -- 19:3.
    --   -- 59   Do. Saul's soldiers surrounding his house -- -- 11-17.
    --   -- 56   Do. When with the Philistines at Gath -- 21:15.
    --   -- 34   Do. On leaving the city of Gath -- -- --
    --   -- 142   Do. In the cave of Adullam -- 22:1.
    --   -- 17   Do. On Saul murdering the priests -- -- 17-19.
    --   -- 52, 109, 35, 140   Do. His persecution of Doeg -- -- --
    2943   1061 64, 31   Do. His persecution of Saul -- 23:12.
    --   -- 54   Do. Treachery of the Ziphites -- -- 23.
    --   -- 57, 58   Do. His refusal to kill Saul -- 24:22.
    --   -- 83   Do. In the wilderness of Engedi -- -- --
    2946   1058 141   Do. When driven out of Judea -- 27:1.
    2956   1048 139   Do. When made king of Israel 1 Chron. 12:40.
    2962   1042 68   Do. First removal of the ark 2 Sam. 6:1-11.
    --   -- 24, 132, 105, 96, 106   Do. Bringing the ark to Jerusalem 1 Chron. 15:3.
    --   -- 2, 45, 22, 16, 118, 110   Do. Nathan's prophetic address to David -- 17:7-15.
    2964   1040 60, 108   Do. Conquest of Syria and Edom by Joab -- 18:6-13.
    2968   1036 20, 21   Do. War with Ammonites and Syrians 2 Sam. 10.
    2970   1034 {6, 51, 32, 38, 39,}
    {40, 41, 103}
      Do. {Repenting of his adultery, and}
    {    murder of Uriah}
    -- 12:13.
    2983   1021 3   Do. His flight on the rebellion of Absalom -- 15:30.
    --   -- 7   Do. On the reproaches of Shimei -- 16:5-11.
    --   -- {42, 43, 55, 4, 5, 62,}
    {143, 144, 70, 71}
      Do. Beyond Jordan in the wilderness -- 17:29.
    2986   1018 18   Do. Conclusion of David's wars -- 22:1-51.
    2987   1017 30   Do. Dedication of Araunah's floor 1 Chron 21:30.
    2989   1015 91   Do. After counselling Solomon -- 28:10.
    --   -- 72   Do. Coronation of Solomon -- 29:19.
    --   -- 145   Do. {On reviewing the Divine mercies
    {    through life.
     
      {8, 12, 19, 23, 28,}
    {29, 33, 61, 65, 69,}
    {86, 95, 101, 104,}
    {120, 121, 122, 124,}
    {131, 132, 133}
      Do. Occasions and Dates unknown  
    3000   1004 47, 97, 98, 99, 100 Solomon Placing the ark in the temple 2 Chron. 5:7-13.
    --   -- 135, 136   Do. Dedication of the temple -- 6:3.
    3074   930 78 Asaph Asa's victory over Israel -- 16:6.
    3108   896 82, 115, 46 Asaph and others The reign of Jehoshaphat -- 20:27, 28.
    3294   710 44 Hezekiah The blasphemy of Rabshakeh 2 Kings 19:14.
    --   -- 73, 75, 76 Asaph Destruction of Sennacherib's army -- -- 19, 35.
    3416   588 74, 79, 83, 94   Do. Burning of the temple of Jerusalem -- 25:9-12.
    --   --

    3468   536

    {137, 130, 80, 77,}
    {37, 67, 49, 53, 50,}
    {10, 13, 14, 15, 25,}
    {26, 27, 36, 89, 92,}
    {93, 123}
    Asaph, Ethan, and}
        others . . . .}
    During the captivity in Babylon Dan. 7:28.
    3466   538 102 Daniel About the close of the captivity -- 9:27.
    3468   536 126, 85 Sons of Korah Decrees of Cyrus to restore the Jews Ezra 1:1-4.
    --   -- {107, 87, 111, 112,}
    {113, 114, 116, 117,}
    {125, 127, 128, 134}
    Various Emancipation of the Jews -- 3:7.
    3469   535 84, 66 Sons of Korah Foundation of the second temple -- -- 10-13.
    3470   534 129 Ezra or Nehemiah Opposition of the Samaritans -- 4:1-24.
    3485   519 138 Haggai or Zechariah Rebuilding the temple -- 6:1-14.
    3489   515 {48, 81, 146, 147,}
    {148, 149}
    Various Dedication of the second temple -- -- 16-22.
    3560   444 1, 119 Ezra As a manual of devotion Neh. 13:3.

  246. PSALTERY, a kind of harp, having a
    triangular frame of hollow wood, with
    twelve strings, 1 Sam. 10:6; Psal. 150:3;
    Dan. 3:5.   The modern psaltery is tri-
    angular, strung with iron or brass wire,
    and played with a bow
    , different from
    that of the Hebrews.
  247. PTOL'EMAIS, [g] (disposed for
    war
    ), a seaport of Galilee, Acts 21:7,
    anciently called Accho, and now Acre.
    See ACCHO.
  248. PU'AH, [h] (that groans, cries, or ap-
    pears
    ), one of the Israelitish midwives in
    Egypt, Exod. 1:15.
  249. PUBLIC, open or notorious, Matt. 1:19.
  250. PUBLICAN, a collector of tolls, as the
    public revenue, Matt. 9:10, 11; Luke 5:
    27.   Publicans were commonly extor-
    tioners; and, being officers of the Roman
    government, and living monuments of
    Jewish degradation, they were abhorred
    by the whole nation of the Jews, Luke
    5:30; 19:2.
  251. PUBLICLY, openly, as in the midst of
    an assembly, Acts 18:28; 20:20.
  252. PUBLISH, to make generally known,
    Jer. 4:5; Mark 1:45; 13:10; Est. 1:20.
  253. PUBLISHED, made public or generally
    known, Est. 1:20; Acts 13:49.
  254. PUB'LIUS (common), the name in Latin
    of the chief governor of the island of
    Melita, when Paul and his company
    were shipwrecked, Acts 28:7, 8.
  255. PU'DENS, Πουδης (shame-faced), a Chris-
    tian of some note at Rome, supposed to
    have been a senator and husband of
    Claudia, a British princess, 2 Tim. 4:21.
    See
    CLAUDIA.
  256. PUFF, to express contempt or threaten,
    Psal. 10:5; 12:5.
  257. PUFFED, vain and inflated in mind,
    1 Cor. 4:6-18; 13:4.
  258. PUL, [h] (bean or destruction), a king of
    Assyria, who aided, for a great reward,
    in establishing the wicked usurper Me-
    nahem on the throne of Israel, 2 Kings
    15:19, 20.
  259. PULL, to draw or drag forcibly, Psal.
    31:4.
  260. PULLED, did draw or drag, Gen. 19:10.
  261. PULLED, dragged or torn, Acts 23:
    10.
  262. PULLING, the act of dragging with
    force, 2 Cor. 10:4.
  263. PULPIT, an elevated desk from which
    to read or preach to an assembly, Neh.
    8:4.
  264. PULSE, inferior grain, as beans, peas,
    vetches, &c., 2 Sam. 17:28; Dan. 1:28.
  265. PUNISH, to afflict, Lev. 26:18: to
    chastise, as with scourging, by order of
    the magistrate, Acts 4:21: to torment,
    as impenitent [unrepentant]
    sinners in eternal dark-
    ness
    , 2 Thess. 1:9.
  266. PUNISHED, chastised or afflicted, as
    for a crime, Exod. 21:20: tormented,
    2 Pet. 2:9.
  267. PUNISHMENT, suffering inflicted as
    the penalty of crime, 1 Sam. 28:9,
    10: calamity, as a divine visitation on a
    wicked nation, Lev. 26:41-43: ever-
    lasting
    torment to the wicked, Matt.
    25:46.
    • Punishment is an absolute certainty for
      every lost, unforgiven person.
      See Hell.
  268. PU'NON, [h] (precious stone), a station of
    the Israelites in the desert of Arabia,
    Num. 33:42.
  269. PUR, [h] (the lot), Est. 3:7; 9:24-26;
    and
  270. PU'RIM, [h] (the lots): names given
    to the days of a Jewish feast, held to
    commemorate the overthrow of Haman,
    who cast pur, or the lot, for a whole
    year, to ascertain the most lucky day on
    which he might destroy the Jews, Est.
    3:7; 9:24-26.
  271. PURCHASE, anything bought for a price,
    as land, Gen. 49:32; Jer. 32:9-16.
  272. PURCHASE, to buy for money, Lev.
    25:10: to acquire, as reputation by
    well-doing, 1 Tim. 3:13.
  273. PURCHASED, did buy for money, Gen.
    25:10: did acquire, or become the
    means of acquiring, Acts 1:18.
  274. PURCHASED, bought for money, Acts
    8:20: gained by power, Psal. 74:2.
    Christ is said to have purchased His
    church with His own blood, as the price
    of redemption
    , Acts 20:28; Eph. 1:14.
  275. PURE, unmixed, as gold without alloy,
    Exod. 25:17: clean, as linen, Rev. 15:
    6:
    true, as the word of God, Prov. 30:
    5: upright, as pious men, Tit. 1:15.
  276. PURELY, perfectly or fully, Isa. 1:25.
  277. PURENESS, justice, Job 22:30: holi-
    ness, 2 Cor. 6:6.
  278. PURER, more holy, Hab. 1:13: more
    exemplary, Lam. 4:7.
  279. PURGE, to cleanse, 2 Chron. 34:3:
    to sanctify, Mal. 3:3.
  280. PURGED, cleansed, as from idolatry,
    by destroying the idols, 2 Chron. 34:
    8: reclaimed, as from immoral habits,
    2 Pet. 1:9: atoned for, 1 Sam. 3:14;
    Heb. 1:3.
  281. PURGING, cleansing, Mark 7:19.
  282. PURIFICATION, cleansing: various
    ceremonies of "purification of the sanc-
    tuary"
    were established by Moses, to
    teach, not only the importance of per-
    sonal cleanliness and moral purity, but
    the purging of our sins by the sacrifice
    of
    Christ, Num. 19:9-17; 2 Chron. 30:
    19; Heb. 9:13.
  283. PURIFIED, washed, Num. 31:23:
    ceremonially cleansed, Lev. 8:15; Acts
    24:18: refined, as metals, Psal. 12:6:
    sanctified, 1 Pet. 1:22.
  284. PURIFIER, a prophetic title of Mes-
    siah, as the Divine sanctifier of his
    church
    , Mal. 3:3.
  285. PURIFY, to cleanse ceremonially, Num.
    19:12-20; Acts 21:24: to
    repent of sin,
    Jam. 4:8: to sanctify, Tit. 2:14.
  286. PURIFYING, the act of cleansing, Num.
    8:7; John 2:6.
  287. PURITY, personal holiness, 1 Tim. 4:
    12.
  288. PURLOINING, stealing or pilfering, Tit.
    2:10.
  289. PURPLE, a red colour tinctured with
    blue, Num. 4:13: a rich cloth of purple
    or scarlet colour worn by nobles and
    kings, Judg. 8:26; Est. 8:15; Luke
    16:19: its richness was produced by
    the famous Tyrian dye, so costly and
    celebrated in the East, Acts 16:14.
    This dye, called, in 1 Maccab. iv. 23,
    "purple of the sea," was extracted from
    the blood or juice of a turbinated shell-
    fish, found on the coasts of the Mediter-
    ranean, near Tyre; and it is now found
    in the West Indies.   Robes of royalty
    being purple, the soldiers by means of
    such grossly insulted and mocked our
    Saviour, John 19:2-5.
  290. PURPOSE, intention, Ruth 2:16; Neh.
    8:4: practical effect, Isa. 30:7: con-
    trivance, Dan. 6:17: fixed design, Acts
    11:23; 27:43.
  291. PURPOSE OF GOD, the Divine design
    or decree relating to the redemption
    and salvation of men by Jesus Christ,
    Rom. 9:11; Eph. 1:11; 2 Tim. 1:9.
  292. PURPOSE, to intend or design, 1 Kings
    5:5.
  293. PURPOSED, did purpose or intend, Acts
    19:21: did determine, Dan. 1:8.
  294. PURPOSED, determined, Isa. 23:9:
    decreed, Eph. 1:9; 3:11.
  295. PURPOSING, desiring, Gen. 27:42.
  296. PURSE, a small bag in which a tra-
    veller carried his money, usually kept in
    the fold of his girdle, Luke 10:4; Matt. 10:
    9: a treasury or stock of money, Prov. 1:
    14.
  297. PURSUE, to follow after, as an enemy,
    Gen. 35:5; Exod. 15:9: to practise,
    as peace and holiness, Psal. 34:14;
    or wickedness, Prov. 11:19.
  298. PURSUED, did follow, as an enemy,
    Gen. 14:14; 2 Kings 25:5.
  299. PURSUER, an enemy in pursuit, Josh.
    2:16.
  300. PURSUING, following, as an enemy,
    Judg. 8:4.
  301. PURTENANCE, what belongs to any-
    thing, as the heart, liver, &c., of the
    paschal lamb, Exod. 12:9.
  302. PUSH, to thrust at, as an incensed ox
    with his horns, Exod. 21:29, or a fight-
    ing ram, Dan. 11:40: to fight against,
    1 Kings 22:11.
  303. PUSHED, did push or thrust, at Ezek.
    34:21.
  304. PUSHING, fighting or conquering, Dan.
    8:4.
  305. PUT, to place, Gen. 2:8; 27:15, 16:
    to inscribe, 2 Chron. 36:22: to sug-
    gest, Ezra 7:27: to inspire, Neh. 2:12;
    Heb. 8:10.  
    Christ put away sin, by
    the sacrifice of Himself as an atonement
    ,
    9:26.   God puts away sin by forgive-
    ness
    , 2 Sam. 12:13.   Men put away the
    evil of their doings by repentance [change of mind] and
    reformation [of life], Isa 1:16.
  306. PUTRIFYING, rotting, diseased, mortal,
    Isa. 1:6.
  307. PUTE'OLI, [g] (the city of wells),
    a city in Campania, eight miles from
    Naples: it was famous for its hot wells,
    from which it was so called, as its proper
    name was Dicearchia: it was a place of
    great trade with Alexandria in Egypt,
    and for several centuries it was known
    as having many Christians, Acts 28:
    13.   It is now a poor village called Poz-
    zuoli.
  308. PU'TIEL, [h] (God is my fatness), a
    Levite of note, Exod. 6:25.
  309. PUTTING, placing, Gen. 21:14: re-
    minding, 2 Pet. 1:13.
  310. PY'GARG (white buttocks), from the Greek
    πυγαργος; the Hebrew is [h] (dishon):
    it has been considered as a species of
    gazelle, antelope, or wild goat: but some
    think that it probably denotes a species
    of small wild ox, now known as the
    bison, Deut. 14:5.

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