Bible Dictionary: Sn. 1840
, for the welfare of be-
- SNAIL, a slimy reptile with a shell on
its back, Lev. 11:3. As snails waste
themselves by their own motion, so do
the wicked in their irreligious courses,
- SNARE, a trap or net to catch birds or
fishes, Prov. 7:23; Job 40:24: that
which hinders or entangles for hurt,
Judg. 8:27: evil example, Josh. 23:
13; Psal. 106:36: an occasion of sin or
misery, 1 Cor. 7:35; 2 Tim. 2:26. God
rains snares on men when He allows their
sins to bring distress upon them, Psal.
- SNATCH, to seize greedily, Isa. 9:20.
- SNORTING, the noise of well-fed horses,
especially in order of battle, Jer. 8:16.
- SNOUT, the nose of a beast, Prov. 11:
- SNOW, frozen vapours falling in white
flakes: though not common in Palestine,
it sometimes falls on the mountain regions
in very large flakes, from which the ex-
pression "He giveth snow like wool,"
Psal. 147:16; 68:14[;] Jer. 18:14.
Various allusions are made to snow by
the sacred writers, on account of its
whiteness and purity, especially as the
emblem of holiness, Psal. 51:7; Isa. 1:18;
- SNOWY, having snow, 1 Chron. 11:22.
- SNUFF, to draw in the breath as a
beast, Jer. 2:24; 14:6: to express con-
tempt, Mal. 1:13.
- SNUFF-DISHES, trays for holding the
sacred snuffers and the snuffs of the
lamps, Exod. 25:28; Num. 4:9.
- SNUFFERS, a kind of tongs for trim-
ming the sacred lamps, Exod. 37:38;
2 Kings 12:13.
- SO, [h], (a measure for grain), a king of
Egypt, with whom an alliance was formed
by Hoshea king of Israel, and which led
to the overthrow of the kingdom of the
ten tribes by the king of Assyria, 2
- SO, thus, or in this manner, Gen. 1:7-9;
19:7; Col. 2:6.
- SOAKED, deeply moistened or wetted,
- SOAP, soap earth is an unctuous kind
of clay, much esteemed in baths in the
East, for cleansing and softening the
skin. Naaman is supposed to have de-
sired two mule loads of this earth, 2
Kings 5:17. But borith, rendered soap,
is believed by some to have been the
herb saltwort, a plant common in Syria,
Judea, Egypt, and Arabia, where it is
burnt and water poured upon the ashes,
from which is prepared a strong alkaline
or lixivial salt, a kind of soda, adapted
for taking stains or impurities out of
wool or cloth, Jer 2:22.
- SOBER, abstemious, 1 Thess. 5:6, 8; 1
Tim. 3:2: considerate, 1 Pet. 1:13; 5:8:
rational, 2 Cor. 5:13.
- SOBERLY, considerately, Rom. 12:3;
- SOBERNESS, soundness of mind, ratio-
nality, Acts 26:25.
- SOBRIETY, temperance, seriousness, 1
Tim. 2:9, 15.
- SO'COH or SHOCHOH, [h] (tents or taber-
nacles), a city of Judah, south-west of
Jerusalem, near to which the Philistines
encamped when David slew Goliath, Josh.
15:35, 48; 1 Sam. 17:1.
- SOCKET, a hollow foot in which the end
of a pillar may be fixed, Exod. 38:
27. Vast numbers of sockets were re-
quired for the extensive frame-work of
the tabernacle, some of which were of
brass and others of silver, 26:19; 27:
- SOD, did seethe, boil, or stew, Gen. 25:
29; 2 Chron. 35:13.
- SODDEN, boiled or stewed, Exod. 12:
9; Lev. 6:28; Lam. 4:10.
- SODERING, fastening parts together
with metallic cement: gold and silver
idols were thus put together by a process
in the fire, Isa. 41:7.
- SOD'OM, [h] (their secret or their cement),
the capital city of a district on the south-
east of Canaan. Beauty and fertility
distinguished this region, through which
the Jordan flowed, and therefore it was
chosen as his residence by Lot the nephew
of Abraham, Gen. 13:10, 13. But irre-
ligion and crime prevailed fearfully in
Sodom, so that God destroyed it by fire
from heaven, with three neighbouring
cities, equally corrupt, Gomorrah, Admah,
and Zeboim, 18:20; 19:24, 25; Deut.
29:23. This direful visitation of the
Divine wrath caused the waters of the
Jordan to overflow and stagnate upon
the ruins, thus forming the sea of the
plain, or salt sea, usually called the Dead
sea, Gen. 14:3; Deut. 3:17; Josh. 15:5.
Vol. describes the district of Sodom
thus :--"The south of Syria, that is, the
hollow through which the Jordan flows,
is a country of volcanoes; the bituminous
and sulphureous resources of the lake As-
phaltites, the lava, the pumice-stones
thrown upon its banks, and the hot baths
of Tabaria, demonstrate that this valley
has been the seat of a subterraneous fire,
which is not yet extinguished. Clouds
of smoke are often observed to issue from
the lake, and new crevices to be formed
upon its banks. If conjectures in such
cases were not too liable to error, we
might suspect that the whole valley has
been formed only by a violent sinking of
a country which formerly poured the
Jordan into the Mediterranean." This
description, by a modern infidel, confirms
the language of Moses, Deut. 29:23.
- Sod_m's Sin. See Tract.
e.g. San Francisco, Washington, D.C., etc.
- SOFT, moist, as the ground after rain,
Psal. 65:10. A soft heart is humble
and penitent, Job 23:16. A soft tongue
is mild in expression, Prov. 15:1; 25:15.
Soft clothing is costly raiment, Matt. 11:8.
- SOFTLY, slowly, Gen. 33:14: mildly,
Acts 27:13: gently, Judg. 4:21:
mournfully, 1 Kings 21:27.
- SOIL, earth, ground, or land, Ezek. 17:
- SOJOURN, to dwell in a country with-
out, a fixed habitation, Gen. 12:10; 47:
4; Ruth 1:1.
- SOJOURNED, did sojourn, or dwell for
a time, Gen. 20:1; 35:27; Heb. 11:9.
- SOJOURNER, a stranger or visitor, Gen.
23:4. Such is every true Christian in
this world having his everlasting habi-
tation and home in Heaven, Psal. 39:
12; Heb. 11:13, 16.
- SOJOURNING, the act of dwelling in a
country without being settled in a habi-
tation, Judg. 19:1. The time of the
sojourning of the Israelites is said to
have been 430 years, Exod. 12:40: but
this includes the period from the call of
Abraham to leave Ur of the Chaldees, to
become a sojourner, to the emancipation
of Israel from Egypt, Gen. 15:13; Acts
7:1; Gal. 3:17.
- SOLACE, to cheer, to delight, Prov. 7:
- SOLD, did sell, Gen. 25:33; 47:20,
22: did engage, as Ahab to work iniquity,
1 Kings 21:20.
- SOLD, disposed of for a price, Lev. 25:
25: burdened, Rom. 7:14.
- SOLDIER, a warrior, John 19:23; Acts
10:7. Every Christian being engaged in
a warfare of truth and holiness, is repre-
sented as a soldier, 2 Tim. 2:3.
- SOLDIERS, warlike men, 2 Chron. 25:
13: guards of a country, Ezra 8:22;
Acts 23:23. Different weapons and
costume distinguished the soldiers of the
various nations, the most terrible of whom
were the Romans.
- SOLE, the bottom of the foot, Gen. 8:
9; Josh. 1:3.
- SOLEMN, religious, Num. 10:10: serious
or reverential, Psal. 92:3.
- SOLEMNITY, a sacred festival, Deut.
31:10; Isa. 30:29; 33:20.
- SOLEMNLY, seriously, earnestly, Gen.
- SOLITARY, alone, friendless, 1 Sam.
8:9; Job 30:3; Psal. 68:6: gloomy,
dismal, Job 3:7; Isa. 35:1.
- SOLITARILY, in solitude, without com-
pany, Mic. 7:14.
- SOL'OMON, [h] (peaceable, perfect, or
that recompenses). Solomon was the son of
David by Bathsheba, born in the year
B.C. 1033. At his birth the prophet
Nathan was inspired to declare that the
Lord loved him, and to call him Jedidiah,
or Beloved of the Lord, 2 Sam. 12:24,
25. Solomon was educated for the throne
of Israel: he was favoured with extra-
ordinary intellectual endowments; and
his fame was spread through the sur-
rounding countries for wisdom and pru-
dence, in which he exceeded all the sages
of the East and of Egypt. Solomon
enjoyed universal peace, reigning over
the several countries from the Nile to
the Euphrates; and foreigners flocked
to hear his discourses on the various
works of God: his songs were above one
thousand, and his proverbs were three
thousand. He commenced his reign by
a sacrifice of a thousand burnt-offerings
which were accepted of God, who favoured
him with visions. He erected the mag-
nificent temple of Jehovah, and flourished
in unexampled prosperity, riches, and
glory: but his excessive indulgences led
him to establish idolatry for the gratifi-
cation of his thousand heathenish wives
and concubines, who drew him to comply
with their blasphemous abominations, by
which he provoked the LORD. Solomon
appears to have returned to the LORD
by repentance; and his books of Proverbs
and Ecclesiastes are evident proofs of his
sincerity; still the deplorable effects of
his iniquities were seen in the dissolution
of the nation, under his foolish son Reho-
boam, and in a long series of calamities
to Israel. Every Christian should study
the various records of the deeply instruc-
tive history of Solomon, 1 Kings 1:11; 11:
1 Chron. 22.; 29.; 2 Chron. 1.; 9.
- SOLOMON'S SONG: this song is a poem
believed to have been composed by
Solomon on occasion of his marriage with
the daughter of Pharaoh, 1 Kings 3:1.
Commentators consider Solomon's Song
as a mystical allegory founded on the
spiritual relations which existed between
Jehovah and the Jewish church, and
especially as they now exist between
Jesus Christ and His church[es].
- SOME, a few of a number, Gen. 33:
15: a part of the whole, Lev. 4:7.
- SOMEBODY, one body, Luke 8:46: a
person of dignity or worth, Acts 5:36.
- SOMETHING, a thing of any sort, as a
piece of money, John 13:29; a portion
of food, Mark 5:43: a calamity, 1 Sam.
20:26: information, Acts 23:15, 18: a
person of consequences, Gal. 6:3.
- SOMETIMES, formerly, Eph. 2:13: a
certain time, 1 Pet. 3:20.
- SOMEWHAT, something, 2 Kings 5:20.
- SON, a male child correlative to father
and mother, Gen. 21:2-10: a grandson,
Gen. 29:5; 2 Sam. 9:9: a pupil or son
by education, 1 Sam. 3:6: a disciple,
1 Tim. 1:2. Israel, as an adopted nation,
God calls His son, Exod. 4:22.
- SON OF GOD, one created of God, as
Adam, Luke 3:38: an angel, Job 1:1;
38:7: a regenerated person bearing
the moral image of God and adopted into
the family of God, John 1:12; Rom. 8:
14; 1 John 3:1. Professors of the true
religion are called sons of God, Gen. 6:
- SON OF GOD, a title of our Lord and
Saviour. Christ is regarded as the Son
of God, by the miraculous production of
his human nature of the virgin Mary,
Luke 1:36: by His commission as sent of
God, John 10:36: by His resurrection, as
the first-born from the dead, Acts 13:
33: by actual possession of all things as
the appointed heir, Heb. 1:2, 5: by an
ineffable generation, John 3:16; Rom.
8:3, 32; 1 John 4:9.
- Son of God, The. See The Deity
of Jesus Christ.
- SON OF MAN, a title of our Saviour,
given to Him on account of His true
humanity, Dan. 7:13; Matt. 9:9; Rev.
- SON OF MAN, a title indicating human
mortality, Num. 23:19; Job 25:6: a
title of emphasis, Ezek. 2:1, 8.
- SONG, a hymn or psalm, Exod. 15:1;
2 Sam. 22:1; Rev. 5:9: a poem for
popular use by repetition, as that pre-
pared by Moses for the Israelites, Deut.
31:19, 30: the subject of a song, Exod.
2:2; Psal. 69:12.
- SOON, early, Exod. 2:18: in a short
time, Deut. 4:26: quickly, Prov. 14:
17; Tit. 1:7.
- SOONER, in a shorter time, Heb. 13:19.
- SOOTHSAYER, a prognosticator, magi-
cian, astrologer, or fortune-teller, Dan. 2:
27; 5:7; Exod. 7:11. These pretenders
were generally a class of the heathen
priests, and they abounded in all pagan
nations, practising upon the credulity of
the ignorant people.
- SOOTHSAYING, pretending to foretel
future events, Acts 16:16.
- SOP, a piece of bread or other food
steeped in liquor, John 13:26 [juice].
- SOP'ATER, [g] (who defends the
faith), a Christian of Berea, a friend of
the apostle Paul, Acts 20:4.
- SORCERER, a magician, a pretender to
supernatural knowledge, a soothsayer,
Acts 13:6, 8.
- SORCERESS, a female magician, Isa.
- SORCERY, the practice of soothsaying,
Acts 8:9: wicked pretensions to spi-
ritual powers, Rev. 9:21; 18:23.
- SORE, a wound, Lev. 13:42; Rev. 16:
2: calamity, Psal. 38:16: misery
or trouble, 2 Chron. 6:28, 29.
- SORE, painful or tender, Job 2:7: dis-
- SORE, painfully, 1 Sam. 28:15:
severely, Isa. 64:9: distressingly, Mark
- SO'REK, [h] (vine or hissing), a valley
whose brook ran through the lot of Dan
into the Mediterranean, near Gaza, Judg.
- SORELY, painfully, Gen. 49:23: griev-
ously, Isa. 23:5.
- SORER, more grievous or severe, Heb.
- SORROW, pain, Gen. 3:16, 17: grief,
Lev. 16:16: calamity, Matt. 24:8:
sympathising commiseration, Rom. 9:2.
"Sorrow of the world" causes despair and
guilt; but "godly sorrow" issues in peace
with God through Christ, 2 Cor. 7:10.
- SORROW, to grieve, Jer. 31:12; 1
- SORROWED, did sorrow or grieve, 2 Cor.
- SORROWFUL, mournful, 1 Sam. 1:15:
distressed, Matt. 19:22; 26:23-38.
- SORROWING, grieving, Luke 2:48;
- SORRY, grieved, 1 Sam. 22:8; 2 Cor.
- SORT, kind, Gen. 6:19: variety, Eccles.
2:8: class or value, Ezra 1:10: rank,
Acts 17:5: manner, Rom. 15:15.
- SOSIP'ATER, [g] (that saves the
father, or safety of the father), supposed to
be a native of Berea, and the same with
Sopater, a relative of the apostle Paul,
Rom. 16:21; Acts 20:4.
- SOS'THENES, [g] (saviour, strong,
powerful), the chief ruler of the Jewish
synagogue at Corinth, supposed to have
been converted to the faith of Christ by
the ministry of Paul, Acts 18:17; 1
- SOTTISH, senseless, inconsiderate, stu-
pid, Jer. 4:22.
- SOUGHT, did seek, Exod. 2:15; 1 Sam.
10:21; Luke 2:44.
- SOUL, the human mind; the vital,
immaterial, active substance in man, by
which he understands, remembers, rea-
sons, and wills: it is the immediate pro-
duction of God, partaking of his spiritual
nature, created originally in his moral
image, in knowledge, righteousness, and
true holiness, Gen. 1:26; 2:7; Eccles. 3:
21; 12:7; Matt. 10:28; 22:37. This
intelligent noble distinction of man con-
stituted its likeness to God, and its
accountability to its Creator; but the
fall of Adam defaced the Divine image:
and though it still possesses its physical
powers of understanding will, and affec-
tions, they are corrupted by sin, and
every unregenerated soul cherishes en-
mity against the moral character of the
blessed God. "[S]pirit and soul and body[,]"
1 Thess. 5:23, intend, by the spirit, the
rational mind, which man possesses in
common with angels; and, by soul and
body, the animal faculties and parts which
we possess in common with brutes.
- Soul. The importance of your soul.
See How To Find God.
- SOUL is used also for a person, Gen. 12:
5; 14:21; Acts 2:43: life, Psal. 7:5;
23:3: affection, Gen. 34:8: appe-
tite, Prov. 6:30; 1 Sam. 18:1: a dead
body, it having been the residence of the
soul, Psal. 16:10: so Num. 6:6; 9:6,
in Hebrew. Soul or spirit is used to
denote the life of a perishable animal,
- SOUND, a noise, Exod. 28:35; 2
- SOUND, to make a noise, Lev. 25:9;
1 Cor. 15:52.
- SOUND, whole or healthy, Prov. 14:
30: true, Prov. 2:7; Tit. 1:9: pure, 2:8:
rational, 2 Tim. 1:7: decided, Tit. 1:13.
- SOUNDED, did sound, Exod. 19:19:
became published, 1 Thess. 1:8: did
measure, as at sea, Acts 27:28.
- SOUNDING, making a noise, 2 Chron.
5:12: capable of giving a sound, 1 Cor.
- SOUNDNESS, healthiness, Psal. 38:
3: political righteousness, Isa. 1:6.
- SOUR, acid, unripe, Isa. 18:5. "Eat-
ing the sour grape" denotes wicked
practices, which bring misery, Jer. 31:
- SOUTH, the local situation of a place,
as Egypt and Sheba lay to the south of
Canaan, Gen. 12:9; 20:1; Matt. 12:42.
- SOUTHWARD, towards the south, Gen.
- SOW, a female pig, 2 Pet. 2:22.
- SOW, to scatter seed on the cultivated
ground with a view to fruit in harvest,
Gen. :23; Matt. 13:3: to disperse,
as a people, Zech. 10:9: to preach the
gospel, 1 Cor. 9:11: to employ talents
for the honour of God, 2 Cor. 9:10.
"Sowing to the flesh" is leading a life
of sensual indulgence; "sowing to the
Spirit" is leading a life of holiness in
glorifying God, Gal. 6:8.
- SOWED, did sow, Gen. 26:12.
- SOWER, he that scatters the seed, Isa.
55:10; 2 Cor. 9:10.
- SOWN, scattered as seed, Judg. 6:3:
laid in the grave, or buried, as the body
1 Cor. 15:42-44: performed, as works of
righteousness, 2 Cor. 9:10.
- SPACE, distance of place, John 3:4;
Rev. 14:20: a period of time, Lev. 25:
8-30; Acts 20:31.
- SPAIN, Σπανια (rare or precious), a large
country, about 650 miles long and 550
broad, forming a peninsula at the western
extremity of Europe: this great country
was peopled by the descendants of Japhet,
Gen. 10:2-5: its present population ex-
ceeds 14,000,000, and they are mostly
Roman Catholics. Paul purposed to
preach the gospel in Spain; but we have
little evidence of his ever proceeding
westward beyond Rome, Rom. 15:24-
- SPAKE, did speak, Gen. 19:14; John
1:15; 11:13, 51.
- SPAN, a measure of three hand-breadths,
or about eleven inches, Exod. 28:16;
1 Sam. 17:4.
- Spanish Bible, Español. See Spanish Bible.
- SPANNED, measured accurately, Isa.
- SPARE, to forgive and preserve, Gen.
18:24-26: to withhold, Prov. 19:18:
to reserve, Luke 15:17.
- SPARED, did spare or reserve, 1 Sam.
15:1: did withhold, Rom. 8:32: did
exempt from punishment, 2 Pet. 2:4, 5.
- SPARINGLY, niggardly, 2 Cor. 9:6.
- SPARK, a particle darted from a fire,
Job 18:5; Isa. 50:11.
- SPARKLED, glittered, Ezek. 1:7.
- SPARROW, a small bird, well known as
frequenting the habitations of men, Psal.
84:3; Luke 12:6.
- SPEAK, to say, Gen. 18:27: to de-
clare, Judg. 12:30: to address, 1 Sam.
25:17: to converse, 2 Sam. 3:19: to
discourse, Exod. 4:14: to preach, Acts
5:20; 1 Pet. 4:11: to entreat, 1 Kings
2:19: to report, Jam. 4:11.
- SPEAKER, one who speaks, Psal. 140:
11: an orator, Acts 14:12.
- SPEAKING, uttering words, Matt. 6:7:
censuring, Eph. 4:31: talking, Job 1:16:
arguing, Ruth 1:18: preaching, Acts 14:
3: praying, Gen. 24:15.
- SPEAR, a long weapon with a sharp
point, 1 Sam. 26:7-16; John 19:34.
- SPEARMEN, soldiers armed with spears,
- SPECIAL, peculiar, selected, Deut. 7:
6: extraordinary, Acts 19:11.
- SPECKLED, variously spotted, as some
cattle, Gen. 30:32; Zech. 1:8.
- SPECTACLE, a public show, as some
criminals were exposed to wild beasts in
theatres, for the entertainment of the
populace, especially at Rome, 1 Cor. 4:
9; 15:32; Heb. 10:32, 33.
- SPED, succeeded, Judg. 5:30.
- SPEECH, a discourse, Gen. 4:23: lan-
guage, 11:1: utterance, Exod. 4:10;
2 Cor. 10:10: articulation, Mark 7:32:
conversation, Col. 4:6.
- SPEECHLESS, destitute of the power of
speech, Luke 1:22: mute with dread,
Matt. 22:12; or astonishment, Acts
- SPEED, haste, Ezra 6:12: success,
- SPEEDILY, quickly, 2 Sam. 17:16:
immediately, Eccles. 8:11: certainly,
- SPEEDY, early, immediate, Zeph. 1:18.
- SPEND, to make use of, as money, Isa.
55:2; or time, Acts 20:16; or life, Job
21:13; 2 Cor. 12:15: to waste, Prov.
- SPENT, used, Gen. 21:15: consumed,
Jer. 37:21: passed away, Rom. 13:
- SPICE, an aromatic substance, especi-
ally calamus, cassia, cinnamon, frankin-
cense, myrrh, &c., Gen. 43:11. Spices,
were used for perfume, Exod. 25:6;
2 Kings 20:13; to season food or wine,
Ezek. 24:10; Sol. Song 8:2; to em-
balm the dead, Luke 23:56. See
INCENSE and PERFUME.
- SPICE, to season, as for food, Ezek.
- SPICED, seasoned, flavoured, Sol. Song
- SPICERY, the commodity of spices, as
articles of commerce, Gen. 37:25.
- SPIDER, a well-known insect, of which
there are many species, remarkable for
their webs and nests of curious texture,
Job 8:14; Isa. 59:5. Solomon is be-
lieved to have intended a small lizard
by the word rendered spider, Prov. 30:
- SPIED, did spy or observe, Exod. 2:
- SPIES, those who are set to watch or
explore a country or place, Gen. 42:9;
- SPIKENARD, a highly aromatic plant
of India or Persia; the oil or extract of
which was formed into a precious oint-
ment of perfume, Sol. Song 1:12; 4:12;
Mark 14:3; John 12:3.
- SPILLED, did spill, shed, or pour out,
- SPILT, shed or poured out, 2 Sam. 14:
- SPIN, to draw out into a thread, as
wool, flax, or silk, Exod. 35:25.
Spinning was the almost universal em-
ployment of women in the East; and the
spinning-wheel was therefore a piece of
necessary domestic furniture in Judea
- SPINDLE, the long axis of a wheel
used for spinning, Prov. 31:19.
- SPIRIT (Heb. רוח, ruach, Gr. πνευμα,
pneuma, Lat. spiritus), a word denoting
something incorporeal, and variously ap-
plied in the Scriptures, Job 4:15; Luke
24:37-39, both to God and to men: it
is especially used to express the human
mind or rational soul, Exod. 6:9; or
some passion, temper, or disposition, both
in the godly and the ungodly, Matt.
26:41; Col. 2:5.
- SPIRIT: God is a spirit, the self-exist-
ent, eternal, and infinitely excellent Spirit,
the Author, Source, and Preserver of all
created spirits, John 4:23, 24; Num.
16:22; Heb. 12:9.
- SPIRIT, THE: this title is emphatically
applied to the Spirit of God, the Holy
Spirit, Mal. 2:15; Matt. 4:1; Acts 2:4;
- SPIRIT OF GOD, God Himself, the
Deity, Job 27:3; 33:4. This title
is especially applied to the Holy Spirit,
Gen. 1:2; Exod. 31:3; Matt. 3:16;
Rom. 8:9-15. Spirit of God denotes
the extraordinary gifts of wisdom, know-
ledge, and practical skill, Exod. 31:3.
- SPIRIT, HOLY, the peculiar title of
the third Person in the adorable God-
head, as distinguished in the economy
of redemption and grace, from the Father
and the Son, Isa. 63:10, 11; Luke 11:
13; Matt. 28:19.
- SPIRIT OF CHRIST, a title of the Holy
Spirit, His gifts and graces being poured
forth by Christ after His ascension to
heaven, as the fruit of His work of re-
demption, 1 Pet. 1:11; Acts 2:32, 33;
- SPIRIT OF TRUTH, a title of the Holy
Spirit, on account of His filling the devout
mind with saving doctrine, John 14:17;
15:26: the doctrine of salvation, 1 John
- SPIRIT OF MAN, the intelligent rational
soul, Prov. 20:27; 1 Cor. 2:11.
- SPIRIT OF A BEAST, the animal life
and instinct of a brute, Eccles. 3:21.
- SPIRIT OF ADOPTION, the temper and
disposition of the true children of God,
- SPIRIT OF PROPHECY, the doctrine of
inspired prophecy, Rev. 19:.
- SPIRIT OF DIVINATION (Gr. a spirit of
Python), the same as "a familiar spirit,"
denounced by Moses, Lev. 20:6-27; 1
Sam. 28:7. Apollo, the fabulous
divinity of the heathen, was called Py-
thius; his famous oracle at Delphos,
Pytho; his priestesses, Pythia: and ven-
triloquists, who were soothsayers or for-
tune-tellers, were supposed to be inspired
by Apollo, having the spirit of divination,
- SPIRITS, intelligent incorporeal beings,
Heb. 12:9: angels, Psal. 104:4: devils,
Luke 10:20: the souls of the blessed,
Heb. 12:23: the souls of the lost, to
whom Noah, inspired by the Spirit of
Christ, preached but in vain, while he
was preparing the ark, 1 Pet. 3:19.
- SPIRITUAL, relating to spirits, Eph. 1:
3; 6:12: holy and reaching to the heart,
Rom. 7:14: devoutly religious, Hos. 2:
7; 1 Cor. 2:15.
- SPIRITUAL BODY, a body adapted to
the heavenly state, as the glorified body
of the Christian at the resurrection,
formed after the body of Christ, 1 Cor.
15:44; Phil. 3:21.
- SPIRITUAL HOUSE, the regenerated
family of Christians, 1 Pet. 2:5.
- SPIRITUALLY, devoutly, religiously,
Rom. 8:6: morally, or according to
the moral quality, Rev. 11:8.
- SPIT, to eject from the mouth, Lev.
15:8; 1 Sam. 21:13. To spit on a per-
son, especially on the face, was the
greatest insult in the East, Deut. 25:9;
- SPITE, malice or hatred, Psal. 10:14.
- SPITEFULLY, maliciously, Matt. 22:6.
- SPITTLE, the moisture of the mouth,
Job 7:9; John 9:6.
- SPOIL, goods taken from those con-
quered, Deut. 2:35; 2 Chron. 20:25.
- SPOIL, to seize the goods of the con-
quered, 1 Sam. 14:36: to plunder, Jer.
20:5: to injure in property, Exod. 3:
22; or in mind, Col. 2:8.
- SPOILED, plundered, Gen. 34:27;
2 Kings 7:16.
- SPOILER, an enemy, Isa. 21:2; Judg.
- SPOILING, violent injuring, Heb. 10:34:
grief, Psal. 35:12.
- SPOILS, goods taken from a conquered
enemy, Josh. 7:21; Heb. 7:4.
- SPOKEN, declared, Gen. 18:19: ut-
tered, Matt. 26:65: counselled, 2 Sam.
17:6: preached, Acts 16:14: cele-
brated or extolled, Rom. 1:8.
- SPOKES, the bars of a wheel, 1 Kings
- SPOKESMAN, a speaker for another,
- SPOON, a small ladle used in trimming
and supplying the lamps of the taber-
nacle, Num. 4:7; 7:14.
- SPORT, diversion, Judg. 16:25; Prov.
- SPORT, to make diversion, Isa. 57:4.
- SPORTING, playing, diverting, Gen.
26:8. Wicked men "sport with their
own deceivings" in trifling with reli-
gious matters, 2 Pet. 2:13.
- SPOT, a mark on the skin, Num. 19:
2; Jer. 13:23: a defect, 1 Pet. 1:19:
characteristic behaviour, Deut. 32:
5: a moral stain, a sin, 2 Pet. 2:13; 3:
- SPOTTED, marked on the skin, Gen.
30:32, 39: defiled, Jude 23.
- SPOUSE, a wife, Sol. Song 4:8; Hos.
- SPRANG, did spring, leap, or haste,
Acts 16:29: did arise, as fruit from
seed, Mark 4:8; as children from a
founder of a family, Heb. 7:14; 11:12.
- SPREAD, to extend, Gen. 10:18; Lev.
13:5-32: to expand, Gen. 33:19:
to lay open, Judg. 8:25: become pub-
lic, Acts 4:17.
- SPREADING, extending, Lev. 13:57;
- SPRIGS, small branches, Isa. 18:5;
- SPRING, a fountain, 2 Kings 2:21;
Deut. 4:49: sunrise, 1 Sam. 9:26:
shooting forth, as a tree, Ezek. 17:9.
- SPRING, to rise, as water in a fountain,
Num. 21:17; Deut. 8:7: to grow, Isa.
61:11: to originate, Job 5:6.
- SPRING, did spring or grow, Gen. 41:
6; Matt. 13:5: did appear, Lev. 13:42:
did arise, Matt. 4:16.
- SPRINGING, flowing, Gen. 26:19:
growing, 2 Sam. 23:4: appearing,
- SPRINKLE, to scatter, as dust or ashes,
Exod. 9:8; or water, Num. 8:7; 19:
18: to distinguish with imparted benefits,
- SPRINKLED, scattered in small par-
ticles, as ashes, Exod. 9:10; or in small
drops, as water, Num. 19:13; or blood,
Heb. 9:19. "Our hearts sprinkled
from an evil conscience," intends the
mind being relieved or purified from
guilt, by faith in the atonement of Christ,
- SPRINKLING, scattering, as ashes, Heb.
9:13; or blood, 11:28.
- SPROUT, to germinate, Job 14:7.
- SPUE, to vomit, Lev. 18:28; Jer.
25:27; Rev. 3:16.
- SPUN, did spin, Exod. 35:25, 26.
- SPUNGE, a submarine substance, formed
by a species of worms, and most fitted of
all bodies to imbibe a large quantity of
fluid, Matt. 27:48; John 19:29.
- SPY, to search or survey, Num. 13:
16; Josh. 2:1: to discover, Gal. 2:4.
- SQUARE, a figure having four equal
sides, Ezek. 43:15; 45:2; Rev. 21:16.
- SQUARED, made square, Ezek. 41:21.
- STABILITY, firmness, fixedness, Isa.
- STABLE, a shed or house for beasts, as
camels or horses, Ezek. 25:5.
- STABLE, firm or fixed, 1 Chron. 16:30.
- STABLISH, to fix, settle, or make firm,
as temporal interests, 1 Chron. 17:12;
the servant of God in a course of holi-
ness, Rom. 16:25; or the heart in assur-
ance of the Divine favour, 1 Pet. 5:10.
- STACHYS, Σταχυς (spike), a beloved
Christian friend of the apostle Paul at
Rome, Rom. 16:9.
- STACKS, piles or heaps, as of corn,
- STACTE, liquid myrrh in its purest
state, the fragrant gum that distils from
the myrrh tree, Exod. 30:34.
- STAFF, a traveller's walking-stick,
Gen. 32:10: a supporter, Isa. 3:1;
- STAGGER, to reel in walking, as a
drunken man, Job 12:25.
- STAGGERED, hesitated or doubted, Rom.
- STAIN, to mark with disgrace, Job 3:
5; Isa. 23:9.
- STAIRS, steps leading to upper apart-
ments, 1 Kings 6:8; Ezek. 43:17.
- STAKES, poles fixed in the ground to
support a tent; in allusion to which the
supporters of the church are so called,
Isa. 33:20; 54:2.
- STALK, the stem of an ear of corn,
Gen. 41:5; or of flax, Josh. 2:6.
- STALL, a place for an ox or a horse to
stand and feed under shelter, Luke 16:
15; 2 Chron. 24:28. Solomon had
40,000 stalls for horses, 1 Kings 4:26.
- STALLED, fed in a stall, as a fatted ox,
- STAMMERERS, those who speak with
difficulty, usually through some defect
in the organs of speech, Isa. 32:4.
- STAMMERING, hesitating in speech,
- STAMP, to tread with violence, 2 Sam.
22:43; Ezek. 6:11.
- STAMPED, did stamp or destroy, Deut.
9:21; 2 Kings 23:6.
- STANCHED, stopped from running, as
blood, Luke 8:44.
- STAND, a halt, as through lameness,
- STAND, to be upon the feet, Gen. 24:
43; 2 Kings 5:11: to wait upon, as in
service, Deut. 18:5; 1 Kings 18:1:
to appear, as in judgment, Acts 25:10:
to abide trial in judgment, Est. 3:4;
Psal. 1:5: to be fixed or established, Isa.
40:8; 1 Cor. 15:1: to be determined in
duty, Eph. 6:13, 14: to continue, Dan.
2:44; Matt. 12:25.
- STANDARD, an ensign or flag, to indi-
cate a division or part of a camp, as each
of the tribes had a distinct standard in
the camp of Israel, Num. 2:3, 25.
- STANDARD-BEARER, the man who car-
ries the standard before or in the midst
of a division in a camp; a leader, Isa. 10:18.
- STANDING, power to stand, Mic. 1:2.
- STANDING, being on the feet, 1 Sam.
22:6: being erect, Lev. 26:1: being
in the appointed station, 1 Sam. 19:20;
1 Kings 22:19: continuing, Heb. 9:8.
- STANK, did stink, Exod. 7:21: became
abhorred, 2 Sam. 10:6.
- STAR, a celestial luminary, 1 Cor. 15:
41. Stars, in common language, include
all the heavenly bodies except the sun
and moon: some revolve round the sun,
and are called planets and comets; others
retain the same relative distance from
the stars which surround them, and are
therefore called fixed stars. God created
all these, probably [during the same week as]
that of the creation of our world,
or of the solar system, and for purposes
worthy of His infinite wisdom. God calls
them all by their names, Psal. 147:4:
but how many are the stars, no human
being knows. About a thousand are
visible to the naked eye. Tycho Brahe,
about the year 1590, gave a catalogue of
770 stars: Mr. Flamsted's telescopes
enabled him to discover about three
thousand: but Riccioli supposed there
are 400,000,000! Astronomers have cal-
culated that Sirius, or the Dog Star, is
the nearest of the fixed stars to us, and
that its distance is not less than 400,000
times greater than that of the sun; while
some of them are six hundred times more
remote than Sirius! Several thousand
years are therefore required for the light
of some of the stars to reach the earth,
although light travels at the rate of
thirteen millions of miles in a minute!
And as new stars have been discovered
within the last few years, it is thought
probable that some exist whose light
has not yet reached our world. How in-
finitely glorious therefore must be the
majesty and greatness of God the Creator!
See SUN. CONSTELLATION.
- STAR, DAY, that perfect illumination
and knowledge which will be possessed
by the Christian in Heaven, 2 Pet. 1:19.
- STAR, MORNING, a title of Christ, indi-
cating His fulness of intelligence, blessed-
ness, and glory
lievers, Rev. 22:16; 2:28.
STAR OF BALAAM; the involuntary
prediction of that wicked man denoted a
mighty conqueror, as king David, who
vanquished Moab, 2 Sam. 8:2; or Christ
whose spiritual conquests regard all na-
tions, as do his awful retribution in judg-
STARS denote princes and rulers, Dan.
8:10; Isa. 14:13: and ministers of the
gospel, pastors of Christian churches,
Rev. 1:16, 20.
STARE, to gaze upon, Psal. 22:17. STARGAZERS, astrologers, pretenders
of the knowledge of future events, Isa.
STATE, condition, Psal. 39:5; Matt.
STATELY, grandly, majestically, Ezek.
STATION, situation, settled place, Isa.
STATURE, height, as of a man, Num.
13:32; 2 Sam. 21:20; or tree, Ezek.
31:3: advancement in spiritual attain-
ments, Eph. 4:13.
STATUTE, a law, Exod. 29:9; Dan.
STATUTES, laws and ordinances, Lev.
10:11; Num. 30:16: precepts or doc-
trines, Psalm 19:8; 119:12, 54.
STAVES, staffs, Num. 21:18: bars,
Exod. 25:13, 14.
STAY, a stop or ceasing, Lev. 13:5: a
supporter, 2 Sam. 22:19; 1 Kings 10:19:
the means of support, Isa. 3:1.
STAY, to remain, Exod. 9:28: to delay,
Gen. 19:17: to hinder or oppose, Dan.
4:35: to prevent, Job 38:37.
STAYED, waited, Gen. 8:10: con-
tinued, 33:4: detained, Exod. 10:24;
Luke 4:42: supported, Exod. 17:12:
satisfied, 1 Sam. 24:7: reposed, Isa.
STEAD, place or room, Gen. 2:21; 4:
25; Esth. 2:4.
STEADY, supported, Exod. 17:12. STEAL, to commit theft, to take the
property of another without his consent,
Gen. 44:8: to go off privily as a thief
with stolen goods, 31:27.
STEALING, the act of theft, Deut. 24:7. STEDFAST, fixed, constant, Psal. 78:
8; Heb. 6:19: immutable, as God, Dan.
6:26; or his revealed will, 2:2.
STEDFASTLY, firmly, determinately,
Ruth 1:18; Luke 9:51: intently, Acts 1:
10; 2 Cor. 3:7.
STEDFASTNESS, resoluteness, 2 Pet. 3:
17; Col. 2:5.
STEEL, iron peculiarly purified and
hardened, Job 20:24; Jer. 15:12.
STEEP, a place deeply inclining, a pre-
cipice, Ezek. 38:20; Matt. 8:32.
STEM, the stalk or trunk of a tree,
metaphorically a principal founder of a
family, Isa. 11:1.
STEP, a distance that a person steps in
walking, 1 Sam. 20:3: a stair, Exod. 20:
26; 1 Kings 10:20: a course of life, Job
31:7; Rom. 4:12: God's steps are the
precepts of his law, Job 23:11.
- Steps. See 7 STEPS TO God.
STEPHANAS, Στεφανας (a crown, or
crowned), a Corinthian Christian of great
honour and benevolence: he was with
the apostle Paul at Ephesus, 1 Cor. 1:16;
STEPHEN, Στεφανος (a crown or crowned),
one of the seven Greek deacons of the
Christian church at Jerusalem; he was a
man of extraordinary piety and gifts, and
his murder, by the Jewish populace, after
his noble defence of Christianity before
the council, has rendered his name famous,
as [one of] the first [N.T.] martyr[s] for Christ, Acts 7:59;
- Stephen. A real, Baptist preacher.
STERN, the hinder part of a ship,
STEWARD, a chief servant or officer in
a great family, appointed to manage the
affairs of the household, Gen. 15:2; 43:
19: a deputy of a king for the manage-
ment of a particular branch of the public
service, 1 Kings 16:9: a provincial rule,
1 Chron. 28:1: and Christian pastors
are therefore called stewards, Tit. 1:7;
1 Cor. 4:1.
STEWARDSHIP, the office of a steward,
Luke 16:2, 4.
STICK, a piece of wood, as a wand or
walking-stick, Ezek. 37:16, 20: a
fragment of a tree, 2 Kings 6:6; Num.
STICK, to adhere or join, Job 41:17;
Ezek. 29:4: to pierce in, Psal. 38:
2: to protrude, Job 33:21.
STIFF, unbending, obstinate, Jer. 17:
STIFF-NECKED, hardened in heart,
impenitent, Exod. 32:9; Acts 7:
STILL, motionless, Exod. 15:16: quiet,
Psal. 107:29: weak in sound, 1 Kings
19:12: considerate, Psal. 46:10.
STILL, yet, till now, Gen. 41:21: con-
tinually, 2 Kings 7:4: nevertheless,
STILLED, did still or quiet, Num. 13:
30; Neh. 8:11.
STING, that which pierces and pains,
1 Cor. 15:55, 56: the offensive weapon
of a serpent, Prov. 23:32; or scorpion,
Rev. 9:10: the agony of a guilty con-
science in a future life is called a sting,
1 Cor. 15:55.
STINK, to emit an offensive smell,
Exod. 7:18; John 11:39: to be regarded
with horror, Gen. 34:30.
STIR, a commotion or tumult, Acts 12:
STIR, to move or excite, Num. 34:
9: to admonish, 2 Pet. 1:13: to use, 2 Tim.
STIRRED, excited, 1 Kings 11:14; Acts
STOCK, the stem or trunk of a tree,
Job 14:8: an idol-deity made of wood,
Isa. 44:19: the lineage of a family,
Lev. 25:47; Acts 13:26.
STOCKS, idols made from logs of wood,
Jer. 3:9; Hos. 4:12: a wooden instru-
ment to torture prisoners by the feet,
Job 13:27; Jer. 20:2; Acts 16:24.
STO'ICS, Στωικοι, philosophers of a
Grecian sect, founded by Zeno, a native
of Cyprus, who died in the year B. C.
264: they were called Stoics from Zeno
having taught in the stoa or portico, at
Athens, Acts 17:18. The Stoics held
that God is eternal, underived, and in-
corruptible, possesses infinite wisdom and
goodness, the Creator of all things from
an original and eternal matter, and the
constant preserver and governor of the
world, yet bound by an irresistible fate.
Philosophers of this sect taught that
external evils were only imaginary; that
virtue was its own reward: some of them
held that all spirits, both of men and of
their gods, would at length be absorbed
in the Deity. Some of their notions are
absurd, while others were evidently bor-
rowed from the Old Testament.
STOLE, did steal, Gen. 31:20; Eph.
4:28: gained by corrupt means, 2 Sam.
15:16: secreted, 2 Kings 11:2.
STOLEN, taken by theft, Gen. 31:19,
30: retained fraudulently, 30:33.
STOMACH, the ventricle of digestion,
the appetite, 1 Tim. 5:23.
STOMACHER, a garment for the breast
or waist, a kind of girdle, Isa. 3:24.
STONE, a mineral of which great varie-
ties are found in the East, especially suit-
able for building, Deut. 8:9; 1 Kings 5:
17; and jewels, 2 Sam. 12:30; 1 Kings 10:2.
STONE, is put for a distinguished per-
sonage, as Joseph, being the support of
his father's house, became the stone of
Israel, Gen. 49:24: Christ, as the sup-
port and defence of His church, is the
chief corner stone, Matt. 21:42. See
CORNER STONE. LIVING STONE.
STONE, to put to death by throwing
stones at a condemned person, Lev. 20:
2; 1 Kings 21:10.
STONED, did stone to death, Josh. 7:
25; 1 Kings 21:15; Acts 7:58.
STONED, killed, beaten with stones,
Exod. 19:13: persecuted with the throw-
ing of stones, Acts 14:19.
STONING, execution with the throwing
of stones, 1 Sam. 30:6.
STONY, rocky, abounding with stones,
STONY-HEART, a senseless impious
mind, Ezek. 11:19.
STOOD, did stand, Gen. 18:22: did
flow, Josh. 3:16.
STOOD, were stationed, Isa. 6:2: con-
sisted, Heb. 9:10.
STOODEST, didst stand, Deut. 4:10. STOOL, a seat without a back, 2 Kings
STOOP, to bend forward, Mark 1:7:
to yield or submit, Job 9:13: to be de-
graded, Isa. 46:1.
STOOPED, did stoop, John 8:6. STOP, to hinder, 1 Kings 18:44: to
obstruct, Psal. 35:3: to prevent, 2 Cor.
STOPPED, closed, Gen. 8:2; Neh. 4:
7: covered or concealed, Gen. 26:15:
confounded, Tit. 1:2.
STORE, an abundance, Gen. 26:14:
a large quantity, 1 Kings 10:10; Neh. 5:
18: reserve, 1 Cor. 16:2; 2 Pet. 3:7.
STORE, to heap up, Amos 3:10. STORE-CITIES, towns consisting of store-
houses, 1 Kings 11:19.
STORE-HOUSES, houses for the preser-
vation of corn, arms, and needful things,
Gen. 41:56; 2 Chron. 32:28.
STORIES, flights of rooms in a house,
Gen. 6:16; Ezek. 41:16.
STORK, a large bird resembling the
crane, remarkable for its annual migra-
tions, and for tenderness in supporting
its dam in decrepitude. On this account
the stork is still an object of veneration
among the common people in some parts
of Europe, Lev. 11:19; Psal. 104:17; Jer.
STORM, a tempest, violent wind with
rain, Isa. 4:6; Mark 4:37. See
STORMY, tempestuous, violent with
wind and rain, Psal. 148:8; Ezek. 13:
STORY, a narrative or history, 2 Chron.
STOUT, strong, courageous, Job 4:11;
Dan. 7:20: daring, haughty, Isa. 10:12;
STOUT-HEARTED, bold, resolute, Psal.
76:5: ungodly, Isa. 46:12.
STOUTNESS, boldness, obstinacy, Isa.
STRAIGHT, directly forward, Josh. 6:
5: erect, upright, Luke 13:13: Isa. 40:
3, 4: safe, Jer. 31:9.
STRAIGHTWAY, immediately, 1 Sam.
28:20; Acts 5:10: in a little time, 1
Sam. 9:13; Jam. 1:24.
STRAIN, to squeeze through something:
to strain out a gnat, is to filter, as insects
and worms are strained out of wine be-
fore drinking, Matt. 23:24.
STRAIT, distress, as in danger from an
enemy in a narrow road, 1 Sam. 13:6;
2 Sam. 24:14: perplexity, Phil. 1:21.
STRAIT, small, limited, or narrow, 2
Kings 6:1; Matt. 7:13: strict, Acts
STRAITEN, to make narrow, or con-
tract, Jer. 19:9; Job 12:23.
STRAITENED, narrowed, contracted,
Job 37:10: pressed as with difficulty,
2 Cor. 6:12.
STRAITLY, directly, particularly, Gen.
43:7: strictly, Josh. 6:1: rigorously,
STRAITNESS, necessity, distress, Deut.
28:53; Jer. 19:9.
STRAKE, struck, did strike or pull
down, Acts 27:17.
STRAKES, marks or stripes, Gen. 30:
37; Lev. 14:37.
STRANGE, distant or foreign, as of
another nation, family, or religion, Gen.
42:7; Job 19:3; 1 Kings 11:8: un-
common, or severe, 1 Pet. 4:4: unlawful,
STRANGELY, wonderfully, haughtily,
STRANGER, one at a distance from his
native country, Gen. 23:4; Heb. 13:
2: a captive, Obad. 12: a false teacher,
John 10:5: one who regards Heaven as
his eternal home, Heb. 11:13: one not
interested in the privileges of the cove-
nant of grace, Eph. 2:12.
STRANGLED, suffocated by violent com-
pression of the throat, Nah. 2:12; Acts
STRANGLING, suffocation by violence
round the throat, Job 6:15.
STRAW, the stalks of corn, Gen. 24:
STRAWED, spread, as straw upon a
stable floor, Matt. 21:8: scattered, as
dust, Exod. 32:20.
STREAM, a current of running water,
Num. 21:15; Luke 6:48.
STREET, a paved road in a town, Gen.
19:2; Judg. 19:15; Acts 12:10: a public
establishment, 1 Kings 20:34. "Truth
fallen in the street," denotes the preva-
lence of wickedness in a city, Isa. 59:14.
STRENGTH, vigour or power, as of the
body, 1 Sam. 28:22; Acts 3:7: of
the mind, Psal. 138:3: of a king,
Isa. 30:3: of a country, Ezek. 30:15:
of the earth, to be fruitful, Gen. 4:12.
God, as the source of being and blessed-
ness to His people, is their strength,
Exod. 15:2. Men, as guilty, destitute of
holiness, are without strength, Rom. 5:6.
STRENGTHEN, to make strong, Judg.
16:28; Neh. 6:9: to invigorate, 1 Pet.
5:10: to instruct and encourage, Luke
22:32: to repair what is decayed, Rev.
STRENGTHENED, did strengthen, Gen.
48:2; Dan. 10:18.
STRENGTHENED, made strong, Ezra
7:28: invigorated, Col. 1:11.
STRETCH, to reach out or extend,
Exod. 7:19. To stretch out the hand
to God, is to worship, Job 11:13; Psal.
68:31: to stretch out the hand to a
person, is to afford relief, Prov. 31:20;
or to inflict evil, Acts 12:1.
STRETCHED, did stretch, Gen. 22:10;
STRETCHED, extended, 1 Chron. 21:
16: overspread, Jer. 6:4.
STRICKEN, beaten, Prov. 23:35:
afflicted, Isa. 53:8: advanced and marked,
as in age, Gen. 18:11; Luke 1:7.
STRIFE, contention, Gen. 13:7, 8;
STRIKE, to hit or give a blow, Deut.
21:4; Mark 14:65: to contract or bar-
gain, the sign of which was striking
hands, Job 17:3; Prov. 22:26: to
pierce with a weapon thrown, Job 20:
24; Prov. 7:23.
STRIKER, one that strikes, a violent
man, 1 Tim. 3:3.
STRING, a cord, as of a bow, Psal. 11:
2; or of a musical instrument, Psal. 92:
3: a ligament, as of the tongue, Mark
STRINGED, having strings, as musical
instruments, Psal. 150:4.
STRIP, to take off clothes, Num. 20:
26; 1 Sam. 31:8: to bereave, Hos. 2:3.
STRIPE, a blow with a whip or scourge,
Exod. 21:25; Deut. 25:3: punishment,
Luke 12:47: wounds made by blows,
Acts 16:35: afflictions, Isa. 53:5; 1
STRIPLING, a youth, 1 Sam. 17:56. STRIPPED, did strip or unclothe, Gen.
37:23; Exod. 33:6: did deprive,
STRIPPED, unclothed, Mic. 1:8. STRIVE, to contend, Gen. 26:20: to
endeavour earnestly, Rom. 15:30: to
admonish, Gen. 6:3.
STRIVING, contending, Heb. 12:4:
labouring, Phil. 1:27.
STRIVINGS, contentions, 2 Sam. 22:
44: disputings, Tit. 3:9.
STROKE, a blow, Deut. 19:5: de-
struction, Esth. 9:5: matter of com-
plaint, Deut. 21:5: calamity, Job 23:
STRONG, robust, fit for labour, Gen.
49:14; 1 Sam. 14:52: powerful, Exod.
6:1: vigorous, Luke 1:80: overpower-
ing, 2 Thess. 2:11: stimulating, Heb. 5:
12: animating, 6:18: piously confident,
STRONGER, more powerful, Gen. 25:
23; 2 Sam. 3:1.
STRONGHOLD, a fortified place, as a
castle, 2 Sam. 5:7; Lam. 2:2: vain
imaginations, 2 Cor. 10:4.
STRONGLY, firmly, sufficiently, Ezek.
STROVE, did strive, Gen. 26:20: did
dispute, John 6:52; Acts 23:9.
STRUCK, did strike, 1 Sam. 2:14; Matt.
26:51: did afflict, 2 Sam. 12:15; 2
STRUGGLED, did contend, Gen. 25:
STUBBLE, the stalks of corn left in the
field by the reapers, Exod. 5:12. Wicked
men are weak and worthless as stubble,
Job 21:18; Mal. 4:1. Unscriptural
doctrines or ceremonies are as stubble,
1 Cor. 3:12.
STUBBORN, obstinate in evil, Deut. 21:
18; Judg. 2:19.
STUBBORNNESS, obstinacy in evil, Deut.
STUCK, adhered, Psal. 119:31: held,
1 Sam. 26:7; Acts 27:41.
STUD, a centre of a button, Sol. Song
STUDY, mental labour, Eccles. 12:
STUDY, to endeavour, 1 Thess. 4:11;
Prov. 15:28: to labour, 2 Tim. 2:15.
STUFF, household furniture, Gen. 31:
37; Exod. 22:7: stored corn, 1 Sam. 10:
22: baggage or provision, 25:13.
STUMBLE, to trip or slide in walking,
Prov. 3:23; Jer. 13:16: to be mistaken,
Isa. 28:7: to be offended, Matt. 2:8;
1 Pet. 2:8.
STUMBLED, did stumble, 1 Chron. 13:
9: became offended, Rom. 9:32: fell
into trouble, Jer. 46:12.
STUMBLING, being offended, 1 John 2:
STUMBLING-BLOCK, a block of wood
in the way to occasion stumbling, Lev.
19:14: a thing that occasions injury,
Ezek. 3:20: loss, Rom. 9:9: offence,
1 Cor. 1:23; or ruin, Rev. 2:14.
STUMBLING-STONE, an occasion of
stumbling, as a stone in a road to a
traveller at night, Isa. 8:14: Christ, in
His doctrine is an occasion of offence to
ungodly infidel men, Rom. 9:32; 1 Pet.
STUMP, the thick part of a tree, Dan.
4:15: the block of the body of an idol,
1 Sam. 5:4.
SUBDUE, to overcome, Dan. 7:24: to
make to yield, Phil. 3:21.
SUBDUED, conquered, Num. 32:22:
reduced to subjection, 1 Sam. 7:13.
SUBJECT, obedient, Luke 2:51; 10:17;
Rom. 13:1: liable, Jam. 5:17.
SUBJECTION, obedience, Psal. 106:42;
Heb. 12:9: slavery, Jer. 34:21: per-
formance of duty, 1 Tim. 2:11.
SUBMIT, to yield in obedience, Gen.
16:9: to observe as a duty, 1 Pet. 2:13:
to observe as pastoral instruction, Heb.
SUBMITTED, did submit or yield obe-
dience, 1 Chron. 29:24: yielded, as to
a divine ordinance or gift, Rom. 10:3.
SUBORNED, hired for a wicked purpose,
SUBSCRIBE, to write, as on a roll of
parchment, as agreeing to a contract,
Jer. 32:44. To "subscribe with the
hand unto the Lord," is solemnly to make
profession of obedience to the will of
God, Isa. 44:5.
SUBSCRIBED, did write, as in a deed of
sale of property, Jer. 32:10.
SUBSTANCE, a creature, an existing
thing, Gen. 7:4, 23: property, Deut. 11:
6: wealth, 2 Chron. 32:29: imperish-
able possessions of glory in Heaven, Heb.
10:34: faith, as the evidence of glory in
the mind, 11:1.
SUBTIL, crafty, deceitful, Gen. 3:1;
2 Sam. 13:3.
SUBTILLY, craftily, 1 Sam. 27:22:
injuriously, Acts 7:19.
SUBTILTY, craft, deceit, Gen. 27:
35; 2 Kings 10:19: impious malice, Acts
SUBVERT, to turn away from truth and
equity, Lam. 3:36.
SUBVERTED, led away from divine
truth by false doctrine, Tit. 3:11.
SUBVERTING, deceiving, to turn the
heart from the truth, Acts 15:24.
SUBURBS, the environs of a city, Josh.
14:4. The tribe of Levi having no
division of the land of Canaan, had forty-
eight cities with some adjacent grounds
for them to inhabit: their grounds or
suburbs extended 1000 cubits for small
buildings, and 2000 more for gardens and
pastures, Num. 35:3-7.
SUCCEED, to come in the place of
another, Deut. 2:12; 12:29; 25:6.
SUCCESS, prosperity in an enterprise,
SUC'COTH, [h] (tents or tabernacles), the
first encampment of the Israelites on
their leaving Egypt, Exod. 12:37.
SUCCOTH, a city east of Jordan allotted
to the tribe of Gad, Gen. 33:17; Josh.
13:27; Judg. 8:5.
SUCCOTH-BENOTH, [h] (the taber-
nacles of young women), tents or booths set
up by the Assyrians for the devoting of
young maidens to the licentious worship
of the false goddess Venus, 2 Kings 17:
SUCCOUR, to help or relieve, 2 Sam.
8:5; Heb. 2:18.
SUCCOURED, did help or relieve, 2 Sam.
21:17; 2 Cor. 6:2.
SUCCOURER, a helper, as the generous
matron Phebe, Rom. 16:2.
SUCH, of the like kind, Gen. 4:20;
Matt. 18:5; Heb. 5:12.
SUCK, to draw in with the mouth, as
children their mother's milk, Joel 2:16;
or as eaglets the blood of prey, Job
39:30: to derive riches, as from the
treasures of the seas, Deut. 32:13. To
"suck honey out of the rock," is to enjoy
temporal prosperity, 32:13. To "suck
the milk of the Gentiles," and "the breast
of kings," is to prosper by means of foreign
commerce, Isa. 60:16.
SUCKING, nourished by its mother's
milk, as a sucking child, Num. 11:12;
or a sucking lamb, 1 Sam. 7:9.
SUCKLING, an infant nourished by the
breast, Jer. 44:7; 1 Sam. 22:9.
SUDDEN, unexpected, hasty, Job 22:
10; 1 Thess. 5:3.
SUDDENLY, unexpectedly, Num. 6:9:
in a short time, Luke 2:13; 2 Chron.
SUE, to prosecute by law, Matt. 5:40. SUFFER, to bear or undergo, Luke
22:15; Acts 3:18; 5:41: to permit or
allow, Exod. 12:23; 1 Tim. 2:12.
SUFFERED, did suffer or undergo, as
pain and loss, Mark 5:26; as Christ
suffered for our sins, 1 Pet. 3:18; as
believers suffered for his sake, 1 Pet. 5:
10: did permit or allow, Deut. 8:3;
Mark 1:34; 5:37.
SUFFERING, pain endured, Jam. 5:10.
Sufferings include all the various calami-
ties of this life, Rom. 8:18; Phil. 3:10.
SUFFERING, enduring, Jude 7: per-
mitting, Acts 27:7.
SUFFERINGS of Christ: those circum-
stances of humiliation, pains of body and
agonies of soul, which Christ endured in
making atonement for the sins of the
world, as our Redeemer, Phil. 3:10; 1
Pet. 1:11; Isa. 53.
SUFFICE, to satisfy the appetite, Num.
11:22: to be enough, Deut. 3:26.
SUFFICED, did satisfy, as the appetite,
Ruth 2:14: was enough, Judg. 21:14.
SUFFICIENCY, competency, ability, 2
Cor. 3:5; 9:8.
SUFFICIENT, enough in quantity, Exod.
36:7; or in amount, Luke 14:28; or
in influence, 2 Cor. 12:9.
SUFFICIENTLY, enough, Isa. 23:18;
2 Chron. 30:3.
SUIT, a set, as of garments, Judg. 17:
10: a claim to be decided by a judge,
2 Sam. 15:4: a petition or request, Job
SUM, a certain amount, as of money,
Exod. 21:30: the whole number, Num.
1:2: the signification, Ezek. 28:12;
SUM, to reckon the amount, 2 Kings
SUMMER, the warm season of the year,
when the productions of the earth appear
in their beauty and glory as the gifts of
our Creator, Gen. 8:22; Matt. 24:32.
Summer denotes favourable opportunities
and the means of salvation, Prov. 10:5;
SUMMER, to feed, as upon plenty, Isa.
SUMPTUOUSLY, expensively, with great
costliness, Luke 16:19.
SUN, the glorious orb which is the
principal source of light and heat to our
earth, by the wise and powerful appoint-
ment of the Creator, Gen. 1:16. Benefits
so many and valuable as those which we
enjoy by means of this wonderful monu-
ments of Almighty goodness, have engaged
the contemplation of the most intelligent
of mankind. Astronomers have there-
fore discovered that the sun is the centre
of a magnificent system, in which there
are numerous planets and comets per-
forming their periodical revolutions in
perfect harmony, according to the will of
the Almighty Creator. Our distance
from the sun is estimated at about
95,000,000 of miles, and the diameter of
the sun is reckoned to exceed 800,000
miles: but the following table will aid
the reader in forming a more accurate
notion of the solar system, as a part of
THE MANIFOLD WORKS OF GOD.
GENERAL VIEW OF THE SOLAR SYSTEM. Ceres, Pallas, Juno, and Vesta, were
Names. Periodical Revolution. Greatest distance
from the Earth
in English miles.
from the Earth
in English miles.
Sun yrs. d. h. m. s. 97 [million] 93 [m] 886,473 Mercury 0 87 23 14 33 132 [m] 58 [m] 3,191 Venus 0 224 16 41 27 164 [m] 26 [m] 7,63[?] Earth 1 0 5 48 48 -- -- -- -- -- -- 7,954 Moon 0 27 7 43 5 254,084 222,920 2,172 Mars 1 321 22 18 27 241 [m] 50 [m] 4,135 Jupiter 11 315 14 39 2 592 [m] 401 [m] 86,396 Saturn 29 164 7 21 50 1,006 [m] 815 [m] 79,405 Saturn's King 29 164 7 21 50 1,006 [m] 815 [m] 185,280 Herschel 83 294 8 39 0 1,918 [m] 1,727 [m] 34,457 Ceres -- -- -- -- -- 345 [m] 155 [m] 1,624 Pallas -- -- -- -- -- 365 [m] 175 [m] 2,000 Juno -- -- -- -- -- 385 [m] 190 [m] 1,425 Vesta -- -- -- -- -- unknown. unknown. unknown.
all discovered at the beginning of the
nineteenth century; our knowledge of
them is therefore but imperfect. Igno-
rance and superstition have led mul-
titudes of the heathen to pay divine
honours to the sun: hence he was wor-
shipped by the ancients under the names
of Baal, Chemosh, Moloch, Phebus, Fire,
and the King of heaven, as the moon was
called the Queen, Jer. 7:18; 44:17, 18.
Three miraculous events are related
regarding the sun: that it stood still for
a day at the command of Joshua, Josh. 10:
12, 13: that it returned back in the time
of Hezekiah, 2 Kings 20:9-11: that it
was involved in darkness at the cruci-
fixion of Christ, Matt. 27:45. Divine
inspiration refers to the sun as furnish-
ing the most noble similitudes, besides
giving to the Messiah the title of the
"Sun of Righteousness," Mal. 4:2. His
illustrious and glorious reign is said to
"continue as long as the sun," Psal. 72:
17; 89:36; and under his influence,
wisdom and knowledge shall so greatly
increase, that the intelligence and happi-
ness of the world are signified by the
light of the moon being equal to the light
of the sun, and the light of the sun being
seven times more than ordinary, Isa. 30:
26. "A woman clothed with the sun
having the moon under her feet," repre-
sents [National Israel] clothed with the
righteousness and grace of Christ, rising
superior to the attractive glories of this
sublunary world, Rev. 12:1. See STAR.
SUN OF RIGHTEOUSNESS, a title of
Messiah, employed to denote the bene-
ficial influence of His divine doctrine and
grace, in the illumination of the world,
and in saving all who become obedient
to the ordinances of Christ, Mal. 4:2.
SUNDER, division, separation, or parts,
Isa. 27:9; Nah. 1:13; Luke 12:26.
SUNDERED, separated, Job 41:17. SUNDRY, several or various, Heb. 1:
SUNG, did sing, Ezra 3:11; Matt.
SUP, to take an evening meal, Luke
17:8: to destroy or consume, Hab. 1:9.
Christ offering to sup with His people,
denotes the communication of blessings
to the obedient believer, Rev. 3:20.
SUPERFLUITY, an overflow: "super-
fluity of naughtiness," denotes the over-
flowing of unholy affections and passions,
SUPERFLUOUS, overflowing, excessive,
Lev. 21:18; 22:23: unnecessary, 2 Cor.
SUPERSCRIPTION, the writing on a
thing, as on a coin, Matt. 22:20: the
writing over a suffering prisoner, stating
the accusation against him: such a writing
was made by Pilate regarding Christ, and
exhibited in Hebrew, Greek, and Latin,
Matt. 15:2; John 19:19-22.
SUPERSTITION, false religion, as the
extravancies of idolatry were, and as the
Roman governor regarded even the reli-
gion of the Jews and of Paul, Acts 17:
SUPERSTITIOUS, excessively fearful,
so as to do things in religion not required,
or even extravagant and absurd, Acts
SUPPER, an evening meal, Luke 14:
12: a feast, Mark 6:21.
SUPPER, the Lord's, the principal sym-
bolical ordinance of Christianity, so called
because, consisting of bread and [juice], it
was instituted in the evening, after the
commemoration of the Passover supper,
by our Lord with His apostles. This
[church] ordinance is to be [seriously]
observed by the [baptized] disciples of Christ, as
the appointed memorial of His body and
blood sacrificed for our redemption, by
the doctrines of which our minds are
nourished and excited to duty, as our
bodies are fed by the bread and [juice].
The Lord's supper was observed by the
first Christians at [some] of their solemn
meetings, especially on [Tues]day,
Matt. 26:26, 36; 1 Cor. 11:20, 30; Acts
20:7. Besides the "Lord's supper[,]" this
ordinance is called the "breaking of
bread," Acts 2:42; "the feast," 1 Cor. 5:;
and the "communion[:]" but several others
have been added by designing teachers,
representing its table as an altar, its
symbols as a sacrifice or sacrament, and
its ministers as priests, to the fearful
injury of the cause of religion and the
perversion of Christianity.
SUPPLANT, to displace by stratagem,
SUPPLANTED, displaced by stratagem,
SUPPLE, to soften, to cleanse, Ezek.
SUPPLIANTS, persons soliciting favours,
SUPPLICATION, entreaty, prayer, 1 Sam.
13:12; Dan. 6:11; 1 Tim. 2:1.
SUPPLIED, furnished with relief for
necessities, 1 Cor. 16:17; or parts adapted
for use and comfort, Eph. 4:16.
SUPPLY, relief of want, temporal or
spiritual, 2 Cor. 8:14; Phil. 1:19.
SUPPORT, to sustain, relieve, or main-
tain, Acts 20:35; 1 Thess. 5:14.
SUPPOSE, to think, Luke 7:43: to
imagine as fact, 2 Sam. 13:32.
SUPPOSED, did suppose, did think, Mark
6:49: did expect, Matt. 20:10.
SUPPOSED, reputed, Luke 3:23. SUPPOSING, thinking, John 20:15:
intending, Phil. 1:16: expecting, Luke
SUPREME, chief, as a ruler or king,
1 Pet. 2:13.
SUR, [h] (that withdraws or departs), the
eastern gate to the temple of Solomon,
called by several names, 2 Kings 11:6;
15:35; 2 Chron. 27:3. In the second
temple it was called the Beautiful, Acts
SURE, fixed or lasting, Isa. 28:16;
2 Sam. 23:5: certain, unfailing, Dan.
2:45: confident, Rom. 15:29. Believers
making their calling and election sure,
is proving their privileged state by
advancement in knowledge and holiness,
2 Pet. 1:19.
SURELY, certainly, Gen. 2:17; 50:24:
confidently, Heb. 6:14.
SURETISHIP, the obligation of a surety,
SURETY, certainty, Gen. 15:13; Acts
12:11: one who undertakes to discharge
the obligations of another, Gen. 43:9;
SURETY, Christ, as the surety of the
better testament, undertook to render a
perfect obedience to the law of God and
to satisfy the claims of divine justice,
thereby making an atonement for sinners,
and to preserve believers in their course
of holiness to everlasting glory and im-
mortality, Heb. 7:22.
SURFEITING, luxurious feasting, Luke
SURMISINGS, suspicious thoughts re-
specting others, 1 Tim. 6:4.
SURPRISED, seized unexpectedly, Isa.
SUSANNA, [g] (a lily, a rose, or joy),
a holy woman who contributed to the
support of Christ, Luke 8:2, 3.
SU'SI, [h] (horse or swallow), a chief of
Manasseh, one of the spies sent to exa-
mine Canaan, Num. 13:11.
SUSTAIN, to support, 1 Kings 17:9:
to relieve and comfort, Psal. 55:22.
SUSTAINED, supported, Gen. 27:37:
preserved, Psal. 3:5.
SUSTENANCE, food or corn, 2 Sam. 19:
32; Acts 7:11.
SWADDLE, to wrap up in folds or bands
as children newly-born, Lam. 2:22; Ezek.
SWADDLING-BAND, a bandage, Job
SWADDLING CLOTHES, clothes to bind
round the bodies of newly-born children,
SWALLOW, a small well-known bird of
passage, which builds its nest in chimneys
or the roofs of houses, and is common in
Europe, as well as in the East, Psal.
84:3; Jer. 8:7.
SWALLOW, to take down the throat,
Job 7:19; Jon. 1:17: to engulf, Num.
16:30: to seize upon, Psal. 21:9; Prov.
SWALLOWED, taken down the throat,
Exod. 7:17: engulfed, Num. 16:32:
absorbed, Job 6:3. Death will be
swallowed up of victory and life in the
destruction of sorrow and death by the
resurrection to eternal life, 1 Cor. 15:54;
2 Cor. 5:4.
SWAN, a large well-known water-fowl,
Lev. 11:18; Deut. 14:16.
SWARE, did swear, Gen. 21:31; Luke
SWARM, a great multitude of insects,
Exod. 8:21-31; Judg. 14:8.
SWEAR, to utter an oath, Gen. 21:23:
to promise with special solemnity, Josh.
2:12; Heb. 6:13.
SWEARING, appealing to God, Hos. 10:
4: profanely appealing to God, Jer. 23:
SWEAT, perspiration, Ezek. 44:8.
Terror and agony sometimes produce
bloody sweat, as was the case with our
Saviour in the garden of Gethsemane,
SWEEP, to clean a floor with a broom
or besom, Luke 15:8: to carry off with
violence, as a tempest, Isa. 14:23; 28:
SWEET, palatable, delicious, Neh. 8:
10; Prov. 24:13: odoriferous, Isa. 3:
24: delightful, consoling, Psal. 55:14:
amiable, 2 Sam. 23:1.
SWEETLY, deliciously, Job 24:20;
Sol. Song 7:9.
SWEETNESS, deliciousness, Ezek. 3:3:
fragrance, Judg. 9:11: pleasantness,
Prov. 16:21; 27:9.
SWELL, to distend, Num. 5:21, 27: to
become sore, blistering, Deut. 8:4.
SWELLING, overflowing, as the river
Jordan by the melting of the snow on
Lebanon, Jer. 49:19: boasting, 2 Pet.
SWEPT, cleansed by sweeping, Matt.
12:44: borne away, as by an overflowing
river, Judg. 5:21; or by death, Jer. 46:
SWERVED, wandered or departed, 1
SWIFT, quick in motion, Deut. 28:
49: speedy, in time, 2 Pet. 2:1: ready or
prepared in mind, Jam. 1:19.
SWIFTER, more swift, more quick in
motion, 2 Sam. 1:23; Hab. 1:8.
SWIFTLY, fleetly, rapidly, Dan. 9:21:
quickly, soon, Isa. 5:26; Joel 3:4.
SWIM, to float on the water, 2 Kings
6:6; Isa. 25:11: to wet profusely,
SWINE, a hog, a pig, declared unclean
by the ritual law of Moses, Lev. 11:7;
and abhorred by the Jews: hence the
implied degradation of the prodigal son in
feeding swine, Luke 15:15. "A jewel of
gold in a swine's snout," is a proverbial ex-
pression regarding propriety of manners
and behaviour, Prov. 11:22. To "cast...
pearls before swine," Matt. 7:6, is also
proverbial, denoting that so to act is not
more absurd and wasteful, than to offer
the words of wisdom to sensual profane
scoffers. The herd of swine miraculously
destroyed belonged to Jews, kept in vio-
lation of the law of God, Matt. 8:32;
SWOLLEN, swelled, Acts 28:6. SWOON, to faint away, as with want or
wounds, Lam. 2:11, 12.
SWORD, a sharp cutting weapon of war,
adapted for cutting or thrusting, Gen.
34:25; 1 Sam. 31:4: the means of
destruction, Exod. 5:21; Ezra 9:7: war
with its calamities, Lev. 26:33; Mic.
SWORD OF THE SPIRIT, the word of
God, which is so called as being the
means of piercing the soul with convic-
tions of guilt, and of cutting off evil affec-
tions, in leading to repentance and salva-
tion by the grace of the Holy Spirit, Eph.
6:17; Heb. 4:12.
SWORN, promised or engaged by oath,
Gen. 22:16; Josh. 9:18, 19; Acts 2:30.
SYCAMINE, a kind of mulberry tree,
SYCAMORE, a species of fig-tree, called
the Egyptian or mulberry tree; it
grows to a magnificent size, and is com-
mon in Palestine, Egypt, and Arabia
Luke 19:4; 1 Kings 10:27.
SYCHAR, a city of Samaria, John 4:5;
the same as Shechem. See SHECHEM.
SYCHEM, Sychar, or Shechem, Acts 7:
16. See SHECHEM.
SYE'NE, [h] (a bush), a fortified place
or city on the southern frontiers of Egypt
towards Ethiopia, Ezek. 29:10; 30:6.
SYNAGOGUE, an assembly or congre-
gation, John 9:22; 12:42; Rev. 2:4: the
building in which a Jewish congregation
assembled to read the law and worship
God, Luke 7:5; Acts 18:20. Build-
ings of this kind were erected in most of
the cities of Judea and Galilee after the
return of the Jews from Babylon, and the
completion of the Old Testament. Ezra
is thought to have suggested this pro-
vision; and it became common after the
time of the Maccabees; though there were
previously places of prayer erected at a
short distance from the cities, Acts 16:
13: they are also called synagogues,
SYNAGOGUE OF SATAN; a congregation
of Jews maliciously opposed to the gospel,
Rev. 2:9; 3:9.
SYN'TYCHE, [g] (that speaks, or dis-
courses, or is affable), a women of some
note in the church at Philippi, Phil. 4:2.
SYRACU'SE, [g] (that draws vio-
lently), a famous city on the east of Sicily,
Acts 28:12. The history of this
place, honoured by the birth of the great
mathematician Archimedes, is identified
with that of Sicily: it was once the
largest city of the Greeks; it was taken
by the Romans about the year 206 B.C.,
when they slew that extraordinary man.
Syracuse still continues, and contains
about 15,000 inhabitants, nominally Chris-
SYR'IA, Heb. [h] (Aram), Gr. Συρια
(sublime, or that deceives): this country was
called Aram, from a grandson of Noah,
whose descendants gave this name to the
whole country of Mesopotamia and Chal-
dea: but Syria properly was bounded on
the west by the Mediterranean, on the
north by Cilicia, on the east by the
Euphrates, and on the south by Canaan
and part of Arabia Deserta, Judg. 10:6.
Damascus was the chief city on
the south, as its northern capital was
Antioch, 2 Sam. 8:5; Isa. 7:2; Acts
SYRIACK, the vernacular language of
Syria, Dan. 2:4.
- Syriack. See Syriac Ministry.
SYRIAN, a native of Syria, Gen. 25:
20; Deut. 26:5.
SYRIAN, belonging to Syria, as the
language, Ezra 4:7.
SYROPHENICIAN, a native of Syrophe-
nicia, Matt. 7:26. This country was
properly Phenicia, but it became so
denominated after it had been annexed
by conquest to the kingdom of Syria.
The Syrophenician woman is called a
woman of Canaan, of the coasts of Tyre
and Sidon, Matt. 15:21, 22.
Go to index.htm or Previous