Bible Dictionary: W.   1840

  1. WAFERS, thin cakes made of fine flour
    prepared with pure oil, Exod. 16:31;
    Lev. 2:4: these formed part of the offer-
    ings at the consecration of the priests,
    Exod. 29:2, 23; in the meat-offerings,
    Lev. 2:4; thank-offerings, 7:12; and
    Nazarites' offerings, Num. 6:19.
  2. WAG, to shake, as the hand or the
    head in contempt and scorn, Jer. 18:
    16; Zeph. 2:15.
  3. WAGES, pay for service or labour, Gen.
    29:15; 31:7; Exod. 2:9; John 4:36;
    2 Cor. 11:8; 2 Pet. 2:15.  
    Death is the
    wages of sin
    , Rom. 6:23.
  4. WAGGING, shaking, as the head, to
    offer insult, Matt. 27:39.
  5. WAGGON, a strong carriage for the con-
    veyance of heavy burdens, Num. 7:3-8;
    Gen. 46:19; Ezek. 23:24.
  6. WAIL, to cry loudly, as in deep afflic-
    tion, Ezek. 32:18; Rev. 1:7.
  7. WAILED, did wail, Mark 5:38.
  8. WAILING, loud crying in lamentation,
    Esth. 4:3; Jer. 9:10-20; Matt. 13:12.
  9. WAIT, ambush or stratagem, as an
    enemy for mischief, Num. 35:20, 22;
    or as a robber, for plunder, Jer. 9:8.
  10. WAIT, to stay or tarry, as for an ex-
    pected event, Job 14:14; or for a bless-
    ing, Acts 1:4; Gal. 5:5: to attend, as in
    service, Num. 3:10; Rom. 12:7: to ob-
    serve, as God waits to be gracious, adapt-
    ing his blessings to our seasons of need,
    Isa. 30:18.
  11. WAITED, did wait, or stay for, 1 Kings
    20:38; Acts 10:24: did attend, as in ser-
    vice, 2 Kings 5:2; Acts 10:7: did expect
    or hope for, Mark 15:43.
  12. WAITING, staying, John 5:3; 1 Cor. 1:
    7: attending, as in service, Num. 8:25.
  13. WAKE, to watch, Psal. 127:1: to
    arise from sleep, 139:18; Joel 3:9.
  14. WAKED, did rouse up as from sleep,
    Zech. 4:1.
  15. WAKEN, to arouse, to excite, Isa. 50:4.
  16. WAKENED, aroused, Zech. 4:1; Joel
    3:12.
  17. WAKING, watching, sleepless, Psal.
    77:4.
  18. WALK, to move or go on the feet, Gen.
    13:17; Exod. 21:19: to act, as in the
    course of life, Gen. 24:40; as in the
    service of God, Exod. 16:4; Deut. 5:33;
    1 Kings 3:14; Psal. 86:11.   God
    walks with men when, in their obedience
    to his ordinances, he manifestly blesses
    them, Lev. 26:12.   He walks "in the
    circuit of heaven,"
    Job 22:14, or "on
    the wings of the wind,"
    by his evident
    providence, Psal. 104:3.
  19. WALKED, did walk, as on foot, Exod.
    14:29; Mark 16:12: did sojourn, as
    Israel during forty years in the Arabian
    deserts, Josh. 5:6: did act, as in a course
    of life wickedly, 1 Sam. 8:3; 1 Kings
    15:24; Eph. 2:2; or piously, 2 Kings
    22:2; 2 Chron. 11:17.  
    Enoch and Noah
    "walked with God;" they observed His
    ordinances and, by faith, glorified Him,
    Gen. 5:24; 6:9.
  20. WALKING, going on foot, Eccles. 10:7;
    Matt. 14:25, 26: acting, as in holy obedi-
    ence, Luke 1:6; or in wickedness, 2 Pet.
    3:3: moving, as the Moon in its orbit
    round the Earth, Job 31:26.
  21. WALL, the side of a building, 1 Sam.
    18:11; 20:25: a fence of brick or
    stone, as of a city, Josh. 2:15; 6:5; Neh.
    1:3; Acts 9:25; or of a garden or field,
    Prov. 24:31.   The Levitical ceremo-
    nies were as a wall of separation between
    the Israelites and Gentiles: but these
    being abolished by the priesthood of
    Christ, the "partition" was broken down,
    Eph. 2:14.
  22. WALLED, enclosed or fenced with a
    wall, as a city, Lev. 25:30; Num. 13:
    28.
  23. WALLOW, to roll or turn, as with grief,
    Jer. 5:26; 25:34; or in filthiness, 48:
    26.
  24. WALLOWED, did wallow or roll, as a
    wounded warrior in his blood, 2 Sam. 20:
    12; or a demoniac in his vexation, Mark
    9:20.
  25. WALLOWING, rolling, as a swine in the
    mire, 2 Pet. 2:22.
  26. WANDER, to travel without a settled
    habitation, Gen. 20:13; Num. 14:33: to
    deviate from divine truth and ordinances,
    Psal. 119:10; as to idolatry, Jer. 14:
    10.
  27. WANDERED, did wander, or travel des-
    titute of a home, Gen. 21:14; Heb. 11:
    37, 38.
  28. WANDERING, a travelling, as David's
    when driven by persecution, Psal. 56:8.
  29. WANDERING, travelling, as a stranger
    having lost his way, Gen. 37:15:
    rambling, as in idleness, 1 Tim. 5:13.
  30. WANT, necessity, or destitution of tem-
    poral supplies, Deut. 15:3; 28:48, 57;
    Prov. 6:11, Phil. 4:11.
  31. WANT, to be destitute, Psal. 23:1;
    Ezek. 4:17: to fail of, Prov. 9:4.
  32. WANTING, failing, 2 Kings 10:19: being
    deficient, Dan. 5:27; Jam. 1:4.
  33. WANTON, licentious, impudent, Isa. 3:
    16; 1 Tim. 5:11; Jam. 5:5.
  34. WANTONNESS, licentiousness, Rom.
    13:13; 2 Pet. 2:18.
  35. WAR, violence of hostile nations, Exod.
    1:10; 13:17.   Human depravity by
    sin has
    originated a continued series of wars; so
    that the whole course of history is but as a
    detail of human wickedness and violence,
    even in the records of the sacred Scrip-
    tures, Jam. 4:1.   See the books of
    JOSHUA, JUDGES, SAMUEL, and KINGS.
  36. WAR, to make war, as against a nation,
    2 Chron. 6:34: to besiege or attack, as
    a city, 2 Kings 16:5: to command an
    army, 2 Sam. 22:35: to contend, as
    against sin and evil spirits, 2 Cor. 10:3; 1
    Tim. 1:18.
  37. WARRED, did make war, Num. 31:
    7; Josh. 24:9; 2 Kings 6:8.
  38. WARRING, besieging, as a city by an
    army, 2 Kings 19:8: opposing, as passion
    against grace in the heart, Rom. 7:23.
  39. WARRIORS, soldiers, men trained or dis-
    ciplined for war, 1 Kings 12:21; Isa. 9:5.
  40. WARD, an apartment or division of a
    large building, Acts 12:10: a place or
    state of custody, as in a prison, Gen. 40:3;
    42:17; Ezek. 19:9; a guard or garrison
    of soldiers, Isa. 21:8; Jer. 37:13; of
    the Levites, 1 Chron. 26:16.
  41. WARDROBE, the official garments, or
    the apartment in the temple for the pre-
    servation of the robes of the priests and
    Levites, 2 Kings 22:14.
  42. WARE, merchandise, or goods for sale,
    as at a mart, Neh. 10:31; 13:16-20; Ezek.
    27:16; Jon. 1:5.
  43. WARE, did wear, Luke 8:27.
  44. WARE, aware, or apprehensive, Matt.
    24:50; Acts 14:6: distrustful, 2 Tim.
    4:15.
  45. WARFARE, military service, 1 Sam.
    28:1; 1 Cor. 9:7: spiritual conflict,
    the contest of
    ministers of the gospel for
    the kingdom of Christ, 2 Cor. 10:4; 1 Tim.
    1:18.
  46. WARM, heated, as the body for com-
    fortable health, 2 Kings 4:34; Eccles. 4:
    11.
  47. WARM, to heat, as for health, Isa. 44:
    15, 16; or for the hatching of eggs, Job
    39:14.
  48. WARMED, did warm or heat, Mark 14:
    54.
  49. WARMED, made warm, as with cloth-
    ing, Job 31:20; or by fire, Jam. 2:16.
  50. WARMING, heating, or making warm,
    Mark 14:67.
  51. WARN, to admonish, 2 Chron. 19:10;
    Ezek. 3:18, 21; Acts 20:31.
  52. WARNED, admonished, informed or in-
    structed, as how to avoid sin or evil, or
    to perform some duty, Ezek. 3:21; Matt.
    3:7; Heb. 11:7.
  53. WARNING, a notice to avoid evil, Jer.
    6:10; Ezek. 3:17, 18.
  54. WARNING, admonishing, Col. 1:28.
  55. WARP, a set of threads in cloth, which,
    in weaving it, crosses another set, or the
    woof, Lev. 13:48.
  56. WAS, the past sense of "To be;" as
    every work was
    good when it was made
    by the word of God, Gen. 1:3, 31.
  57. WASH, to cleanse with water, Gen.
    18:4: to bathe, Exod. 2:5: to pardon
    and purify, as spiritual blessings were
    implored by David, after his awful trans-
    gressions, Psal. 51:2-7: to cleanse, by a
    return to holiness, as wicked men are
    commanded, Jer. 2:22; 4:14.
  58. WASHED, did wash with water, as the
    feet after travelling, Gen. 43:24; Judg.
    19:21: did bathe, as wounds for the pur-
    pose of healing, Act 16:33: did pardon
    and sanctify, as Christ, by virtue of His
    sacrifice
    and grace, blesses the redeemed
    ,
    Rev. 1:5.
    • Washed.   "the blood of Jesus Christ
      his Son cleanseth us from all sin[,]"

      1 John 1:7.
  59. WASHED, cleansed with water, Ezek.
    16:4; Acts 9:37; 1 Tim. 5:10: regene-
    rated
    or purified
    , 1 Cor. 6:11.
  60. WASHING, the act of cleansing, as
    clothes, Neh. 4:24; or domestic utensils,
    Matt. 7:4; Heb. 9:10.   Regeneration
    by the word and Spirit of God is called
    "washing[,]"
    Tit. 3:5.
  61. WASHING, cleansing, 2 Sam. 11:2; Luke
    5:2.
  62. WASH-POT, a vessel to bathe the feet
    in; to which the Psalmist likens Moab,
    Psal. 60:8.
  63. WASTE, a desert, as uncultivated or
    barren land, to which state some ancient
    cities have been reduced through the
    wickedness of their inhabitants, Jer.
    49:13: useless expenditure, Matt.
    26:8.
  64. WASTE, desert or barren, as the deserts
    of Arabia, Deut. 32:10: void or empty
    of inhabitants, Jer. 46:19; Ezek. 5:14;
    Nah. 2:10.
  65. WASTE, to make desert or barren, Mic.
    5:6; Jer. 50:21.
  66. WASTE, to become less or to fail, 1
    Kings 17:14.
  67. WASTED, did lay waste, or ravage, 1
    Chron. 20:1: did expend, Luke 15:13:
    did injure, or destroy, as by persecution,
    Gal. 1:13.
  68. WASTED, expended, Luke 16:1: de-
    stroyed, Num. 14:33; Deut. 2:14; Isa.
    60:12.
  69. WASTENESS, barrenness or solitude,
    Zeph. 1:15.
  70. WASTER, a destroyer, as a spendthrift,
    Prov. 18:9; as a dreadful desolating
    conqueror, Isa. 54:16.
  71. WASTING, desolation or crime, Isa. 59:
    7; 60:18.
  72. WATCH, a band of soldiers to guard, as
    a city watching during part of the night,
    Judg. 7:19; Neh. 4:9; Matt. 27:65,
    66: a band of Levites on sacred duty,
    Neh. 12:9: a part of the night, or about
    three or four hours, in which one band of
    soldiers continued on guard, Exod. 14:
    24; 1 Sam. 11:11; Psal. 90:4; Matt. 14:
    25: guard or care by watching, as shep-
    herds in the night, Luke 2:8.   Watches
    in the night were reckoned by the Jews
    only three, but four by the Romans: the
    first began about six o'clock in the even-
    ing; the second about nine; the third
    about twelve; and the fourth about three
    o'clock till six in the morning, Matt. 14:
    25.
  73. WATCH, to keep awake, as the porter
    at a gate, Mark 13:34, 37; as a guard
    or sentinel on duty, Isa. 21:5; or as
    those who have difficult services to per-
    form, Matt. 24:42; 1 Cor. 16:13; 2
    Tim. 4:5: to observe carefully, 1 Sam.
    19:11; Psal. 37:32; Rev. 16:5.
  74. WATCHED, did watch or observe
    narrowly, Mark 3:2; Luke 20:20; Acts
    9:24.
  75. WATCHER, a celestial guard, as an
    angel, Dan. 4:13-17: a spy, Jer. 4:16.
  76. WATCHFUL, diligently, observant, Rev.
    3:2.
  77. WATCHING, the act of looking or wait-
    ing, as in various labours, Lam. 4:17; 2
    Cor. 6:5; 11:27.
  78. WATCHING, observing or waiting, 1
    Sam. 4:13: guarding, Matt. 27:54.
  79. WATCHMAN, a sentinel, 2 Sam. 4:25;
    Psal. 127:1; Ezek. 33:2.  
    Ezekiel,
    the prophet, was a spiritual sentinel or
    watchman to the Jews, Ezek. 3:17.
    Ministers of the gospel are, in prophetic
    language, spiritual watchmen, Isa. 62:6.
  80. WATCH-TOWER, a lofty building, as a
    castle in a city, 2 Chron. 20:24: a mili-
    tary platform, Isa. 21:5, 8.
  81. WATER, that liquid element essential
    to life and health, Gen. 16:7; 2 Kings 2:
    19: rain, Job 24:11: necessary drink,
    1 Sam. 25:11; Isa. 33:16.   Water
    being, in hot countries especially, essen-
    tial to human life, a spring or fountain,
    not dependent on the flowing of a river,
    was valuable in the highest degree, and
    called "living water:" hence many of the
    most striking images are taken from
    water to represent spiritual blessings.
    Divine grace is called "living water[,]"
    and a [well] "rivers of living water" in the soul,
    John 4:10, 11; 7:38: communicating
    the blessings of the Holy Spirit is repre-
    sented as pouring, or sprinkling water on
    the worshippers of God, Isa. 44:3 [yatsaq]; Ezek.
    36:25 [zaraq].   [
    Church renovation] is called the
    "washing of water by the word," Eph.
    5:26.   God, as the source of blessings, is
    called the
    "[F]ountain of living waters,"
    Jer. 2:13; and divine succours in ex-
    treme need, or to promote peculiar joys,
    are denoted by supplies of water, Isa. 12:
    3; 41:17.   Gospel-blessings are offered
    to mankind under the same figurative
    language, 55:1.
  82. WATER, to moisten, as the ground of
    gardens to promote vegetation, Gen. 2:10;
    Deut. 11:10; Isa. 55:10: to supply beasts
    for drink, Gen. 29:7: to wet, as with
    tears, Psal. 6:6; or with blood of slain
    men, Ezek. 32:6.
  83. WATER-BROOKS, small rivulets, Psal.
    42:1.
  84. WATER-COURSES, the beds of rivers,
    sometimes dry, 2 Chron. 32:30; Isa.
    44:4.
  85. WATER-FLOODS, excessive floods after
    heavy rains; to which calamities are
    likened, Psal. 69:15.
  86. WATER-POT, a jar or jug, John 4:
    28.   Two firkins would be about fifteen
    gallons, the lowest computed measure of
    those water-pots at Cana, 2:6, 7.
  87. WATER-SPOUTS, collections of water
    carried into the air by whirlwinds, and
    falling in dangerous effusions at sea or on
    land: they are frequent in Canaan and
    other countries; and to these afflictions
    are likened, Psal. 42:7.
  88. WATER-SPRINGS, wells or fountains,
    making ground to be fruitful, Psal. 107:
    33, 35.
  89. WATERS, collections of waters, as seas,
    Gen. 1:2-9; or overflowings of rivers,
    Judg. 5:19; 2 Kings 5:12.   Nations or
    multitudes of people are represented as
    waters, Rev. 17:15.   Unlawful gratifi-
    cations are called "stolen waters," Prov.
    9:17.
  90. WAVE, a billow of the sea, Jam. 1:6;
    Acts 27:41.   Afflictions are compared
    to waves of the sea, Psal. 42:7; and the
    turbulence of excited people, 93:3, 4.
  91. WAVE, to move to and fro, as in pre-
    senting an offering before God, Exod. 29:24-26.
  92. WAVED, moved to and fro, as an offer-
    ing to God, Lev. 14:21.
  93. WAVER, to be unsettled or undecided
    in mind, Jam 1:6.
  94. WAVERING, hesitating or changing,
    Heb. 10:23; Jam. 1:6.
  95. WAX, a substance formed by bees, well
    known for its melting and cementing
    qualities, Psal. 22:14; Mic. 1:4.
  96. WAX, to grow or become, as heated,
    Job 6:17; as incensed to anger, Exod.
    22:24; as increased in wealth or fallen
    to poverty, Lev. 25:47; or declined in
    holy affection, Matt. 24:12; or strength-
    ened in wicked courses, 2 Tim. 3:13.
  97. WAXED, did become, as rich, Gen. 26:
    13; or powerful, Exod. 1:7; or excited,
    32:19; or courageous, Acts 13:46.
  98. WAXEN, become, Gen. 18:12; Jer. 5:
    27.
  99. WAXING, growing or becoming, Phil.
    1:14.
  100. WAY, a road for travellers, 1 Kings
    18:6; Luke 10:31: a course of progress
    or motion, as of a bird or ship, Prov. 30:
    19: an enterprise or adventure, Gen.
    24:42: a journey, 45:25: a course of
    life or conduct, Deut. 31:29; 1 Sam. 12:
    23; Jer. 6:16; Matt. 7:13, 14: profession,
    as that of Christian, Acts 9:2; 22:4:
    method of action or operation, Eccles. 11:
    5.   God's way are His works of creation,
    Job 40:19; the dispensations of His pro-
    vidence, Isa. 55:8, 9; and His precepts
    and doctrines: obedience to these is the
    way of wisdom, Prov. 3:17.  
    Christ is
    the way, as He is our Mediator with God,
    and our only infallible Instructor, by His
    word, His example, and His Spirit
    , John
    14:6.
  101. WAY-FARING, journeying or travelling,
    Judg. 19:17; Isa. 33:8.
  102. WAY-MARKS, pillars or other tokens to
    show the way to travellers, Jer. 31:21.
  103. WEAK, feeble in strength, Judg. 16:7:
    necessitous, Acts 20:35; 2 Thess. 5:14:
    doubtful, Rom. 14:1-21: useless, Gal. 4:
    9.   Weak consciences are such as are not
    invigorated by a matured knowledge of
    the truth, 1 Cor. 8:12; 9:22.
  104. WEAK-HANDED, unarmed, or unpro-
    vided with the means of defence, 2 Sam.
    17:2.
  105. WEAKEN, to make weak or impoverish,
    Job 12:21; Isa. 14:12; Jer. 38:4.
  106. WEAKENED, did weaken, as by disease,
    Psal. 102:23: did discourage, Ezra 4:4;
    Neh. 6:9.
  107. WEAKER, more depressed, or more
    destitute of resources, 2 Sam. 3:1: less
    capable of rule or government, 1 Pet. 3:7.
  108. WEAKNESS, feebleness or infirmity, 1
    Cor. 2:3; Heb. 11:34: inefficacy, 7:18:
    small displays of power or glory, as the
    proud philosophers of Greece alleged
    the want of human dignity in the ministry
    of the gospel, or in the way of salvation
    by Christ, 1 Cor. 1:25.   See INFIRMITY.
  109. WEALTH, riches, property in general,
    Gen. 34:29; Deut. 8:17, 18; Ruth
    2:1: gain or profit, Acts 19:25: advan-
    tage, 1 Cor. 10:24.
  110. WEALTHY, rich, abounding in the
    means of wealth, Psal. 66:12; Jer. 49:
    31.
  111. WEANED, did wean, or take from the
    breast, as a sucking child, 1 Kings 11:20;
    Hos. 1:8.
  112. WEANED, taken from the breast, 1 Sam.
    1:22.   Children, among the Hebrews,
    were weaned from the breast at any age
    from one to about three years old, Gen.
    21:8; from the nurse at about seven,
    1 Sam. 1:22; from childish occupations at
    about twelve, Luke 2:42.
  113. WEAPON, an offensive instrument, as
    an arrow, Gen. 27:3; as spears, 2
    Kings 11:10, 11; as swords and staves,
    John 18:3; Matt. 27:47.   Evan-
    gelical weapons, in the
    Christian warfare,
    are only the words of divine truth; but
    these are mighty through the grace of
    God, 2 Cor. 10:4.
  114. WEAR, to use as clothes, Deut. 22:5;
    1 Sam. 22:18: to decline or waste, as
    human strength, Exod. 18:18; or as
    daylight in the evening, Luke 9:12.
    • Wear.   "The woman shall not wear that
      which pertaineth unto a man, neither shall
      a man put on a woman's garment: for all
      that do so are abomination unto the LORD
      thy God."
      (Deut. 22:5)
  115. WEARIED, did fatigue or waste strength,
    Gen. 19:11; Jer. 12:5.
  116. WEARIED, worn with fatigue, John 4:
    6; Heb. 12:3.
  117. WEARINESS, fatigue, Eccles. 12:12; 2
    Cor. 11:27.
  118. WEARING, using, as clothes or robes,
    1 Sam. 14:3; John 19:5; 1 Pet. 3:5.
  119. WEARISOME, distressing, as fatiguing
    with pain, Job 7:3.
  120. WEARY, fatigued, as with labour or
    exercise, Judg. 4:31; 2 Sam. 16:14:
    displeased, as with some afflictions or
    providential discipline, Job 10:1; Prov. 3:
    11: distressed, as by the wicked manners
    of the ungodly, Gen. 27:46.
  121. WEASEL, a small animal, remarkable
    for its enmity to serpents, rats, and mice:
    though the mole is believed to be [perhaps] in-
    tended by the word rendered weasel,
    used only once in Scripture, Lev. 11:29.
  122. WEATHER, the state of the air, as fair,
    Job 37:22; or cold weather, Prov.
    25:20.
  123. WEAVE, to form by texture, as in net-
    work, or in making cloth, Isa. 19:9; or
    plait, as with the hair, Judg. 16:16.
  124. WEAVER, a man who makes cloth by
    weaving, Exod. 35:35; Job 7:6.
  125. WEB, a texture, as cloth woven in a
    loom, Isa. 59:6; as a spider's web, Job
    8:14.   Samson's hair was formed into a
    web by plaiting, Judg. 16:13, 14.
  126. WEDDING, the marriage ceremony, or
    the festival of marriage, Matt. 22:3-11;
    Luke 14:8.
  127. WEDGE, a short bar thin at one end,
    as for the cleaving of wood: a wedge of
    gold, is an ingot or mass, cast nearly in
    the form of a wedge, Josh. 7:21, 24; Isa.
    13:12.
  128. WEDLOCK, the state or bond of mar-
    riage
    , Ezek. 16:38.
  129. WEEDS, noxious plants, growing in the
    sea, as well as on land, Jon. 2:5.
  130. WEEK, seven days, as from sabbath to
    sabbath, the time in which Jacob kept
    the marriage-feast for Leah, before he
    received Rachel, Gen. 29:27, 28; Luke
    18:12.
  131. WEEK OF YEARS, or sabbath of years,
    a period of seven years, seven of which
    periods issued in a jubilee, Lev. 25:3-8.
    See JUBILEE.   SABBATH.
  132. WEEKS OF YEARS.   Daniel was inspired
    to record, that "Seventy weeks[,]" or weeks
    of years, as is agreed by all commentators
    of reputation, denoting 490 years, were
    decreed to be terminated by the eventful
    death of the Messiah, Dan. 9:24, 25.
    Commentators are not perfectly agreed
    as to the commencement of that period,
    some reckoning from the seventh year of
    Artaxerxes, in which the royal commis-
    sion was given to Ezra, to restore the
    Jewish services in the temple, Ezra 7:
    7, 26;
    and others from the twentieth
    year, when Nehemiah was commissioned
    to rebuild Jerusalem, Neh. 2:1.   "Seventy
    weeks of years, or 490 years, which
    reckoned from the seventh year of
    Artaxerxes, coinciding with the 4256th
    year of the Julian Period, and in the
    month Nisan, in which Ezra was com-
    missioned to restore the Jewish state and
    polity, will bring us to the month Nisan
    of the 4746th year of the same period, or
    A.D. 33, the very month and year
    in which
    our LORD suffered and completed the
    work of our redemption
    ."
  133. WEEP, to lament with tears, Gen. 23:
    2: to be sorrowful, Luke 6:21, 25: to
    sympathise, Rom. 12:15.
  134. WEEPING, lamentation, Deut. 34:
    8; Esth. 4:3; Matt. 8:12.
  135. WEEPING, sorrowing with tears, Num.
    25:6; John 11:33.
  136. WEIGH, examine heaviness, 1 Chron.
    20:2; Ezra 8:29: to inspect or observe,
    Prov. 16:2; Isa. 26:7.
  137. WEIGHED, did weigh, as money, Gen.
    23:16; 2 Sam. 14:26; Ezra 8:25.
  138. WEIGHED, examined as to heaviness,
    1 Sam. 17:7: examined as to life and
    character, Dan. 5:27.
  139. WEIGHING, examining as to heaviness,
    Num. 7:85, 86.
  140. WEIGHT, heaviness, Gen. 43:21;
    Exod. 30:34: a standard for weighing
    articles of trade, Lev. 19:35; as bread,
    26:26; or jewels, Judg. 8:26; 2 Sam.
    12:30; 1 Chron. 28:14; a burden or
    hindrance, as an unnecessary or sinful
    engagement, Heb. 12:1.   "Weight of
    glory,"
    denotes the excellency and splen-
    dour of the heavenly state, 2 Cor. 4:17.
  141. WEIGHTIER, more important or neces-
    sary, as the essential duties of morality
    above all ceremonial observances, Matt.
    23:23.
  142. WEIGHTS: these the Hebrews regu-
    lated by the shekel, which was their
    standard weight: and this was their chief
    money, which in traffic they weighed for
    ages before they had any coins, as a circu-
    lating medium: and hence it was called
    the "shekel of the sanctuary."   See
    SHEKEL.   The following were the prin-
    cipal weights of the Israelites, reduced
    to Troy-weight :--
     

    lbs.

    oz.

    dwts.

    grs.

    Gerah, about

    0

    0

    0

    12

    Bekah, ten Gerahs

    0

    0

    5

    0

    Shekel, two Bekahs

    0

    0

    10

    0

    Mina, sixty Shekels

    2

    6

    0

    0

    Talent, fifty Minas

    125

    0

    0

    0

  143. WEIGHTY, heavy, Prov. 27:3: im-
    pressive or convincing, 2 Cor. 10:10.
  144. WELFARE, success or health, Gen. 43:
    27; Exod. 18:7: prosperity, 1 Chron.
    18:10; Neh. 2:10.
  145. WELL, a spring or fountain, Gen. 21:
    19; Exod. 15:27: a deep narrow pit, dug
    for water, Gen. 26:15, 18: sources or
    means of supply such as the word and
    ordinances of Christ to believers, Isa. 12:
    3.   See JACOB'S WELL.
  146. WELL-SPRING, a fountain or source,
    as divine wisdom and knowledge form a
    well-spring of happiness to pious persons,
    Prov. 16:22; 18:4.
  147. WELL, properly, Gen. 4:7: rightly,
    Jam. 2:12: orderly, 1 Tim. 3:4: happily,
    Gen. 12:13, 16: correctly or fully, Acts
    25:10; 2 Tim. 1:18: plentifully, Gen.
    13:10.
  148. WELL-BELOVED, regarded affection-
    ately, Mark 12:6; Rom. 16:5.
  149. WEN, a fleshly excrescence, which, on
    an animal, rendered it unfit for sacrifice,
    Lev. 22:22.
  150. WENCH, a rustic young girl, 2 Sam.
    17:17.
  151. WEPT, did weep, Gen. 21:16; John
    11:35.
  152. WEST, the part in which the sun sets,
    Gen. 28:14; Josh. 15:12; 1 Kings 7:25.
  153. WESTERN, lying or extending to the
    west, Num. 34:6.
  154. WESTWARD, towards the west, Gen.
    13:14; Ezek. 48:18.
  155. WET, moistened with water, as land
    is wet with rain or dew, Job 24:8; Dan.
    4:15.
  156. WHALE, a monstrous fish, supposed to
    be the largest animal of the sea, Gen. 1:
    21; Job 7:12.   Whales much larger
    than at present were formerly caught;
    though they are now found upwards of
    sixty feet in length: and a skeleton of a
    whale has been exhibited in London,
    whose carcase was found on the coast of
    Belgium, near Ostend, November 3rd,
    1827: the total length of the animal was
    ninety-five feet; its height eighteen feet;
    length of the head, twenty-two feet;
    height of the cranium, four and a half
    feet; length of the vertebral column,
    sixty-nine and a half feet; number of the
    vertebrae, sixty-two; of the ribs, twenty-
    eight; the length of them nine feet;
    length of the fins, twelve and a half feet;
    of the fingers, four and a half feet; width
    of the tail twenty-two and a half feet;
    length of it three feet.   Weight of the
    monster when found, 240 tons, or 480,000
    lbs.; weight of the skeleton, thirty-five
    tons, or 70,000 lbs.   Quantity of oil ex-
    tracted from the blubber, 4000 gallons, or
    40,000 lbs.; weight of the rotten fish
    buried in the sand, eighty-five tons, or
    170,000 lbs.   The upper jaw was fitted up
    with 800 fannons or whalebones; and
    Baron Cuvier and other professors sup-
    posed this enormous animal must have
    lived 900 or 1000 years!
      Moses is, by
    some, supposed to have intended croco-
    diles[?],
    in his account of the creation, Gen.
    1:21; as the Israelites had seen those
    terrible monsters, found in the river
    Nile, worshipped in Egypt.   The croco-
    dile
    of the Nile is generally believed to
    be meant by the whale in Ezekiel 32:
    2.   Our translators call the great fish
    that swallowed
    Jonah, a whale, Matt. 12:
    40: but that is believed to have been the
    Canis Charcaris, or a species of shark[?], a
    voracious fish common in the Mediterra-
    nean:
    however, it must be remembered
    that the prophet declares of that miracle,
    the fish was "prepared" by "the LORD[,]"
    Jon. 1:17; 2:1-10.   See LEVIATHAN.
  157. WHAT, that which, Gen. 39:8; 1
    John 3:2.   Commonly used as an inter-
    rogative pronoun, Deut. 20:5; Matt. 8:
    29.
  158. WHATSOEVER, anything or any state,
    Gen. 31:16; Phil. 4:8.
  159. WHEAT, a kind of grain, the most
    valuable and nutritious that is used as
    bread-corn for human food, Exod. 9:32;
    Deut. 32:14; 1 Kings 5:11.   Canaan
    was astonishingly productive in wheat,
    returning sometimes sixty or a hundred
    fold, Gen. 26:12; Matt. 13:8: large
    exportations, therefore, were made to
    other countries, Acts 12:20; 27:38.
  160. WHEATEN, made of wheat, Exod.
    29:2.
  161. WHEEL, a circular body moving on an
    axis, as of a cart or chariot, Exod. 14:
    25; Isa. 28:28; or of a manufacturing
    instrument of a potter, Jer. 18:3: a
    machine to punish criminals, Prov. 20:
    26.
  162. WHELPS, the young of bears, lions, or
    dogs, 2 Sam. 17:8; Hos. 13:8.
  163. WHEN, at the time which, or at what
    time, Deut. 6:7; Matt. 24:3.
  164. WHENCE, from what place, Gen. 16:
    8: from what circumstances, John 1:48.
  165. WHENSOEVER, at what time, Matt. 14:
    7.
  166. WHERE, in what place, Gen. 3:9;
    Exod. 2:20.
  167. WHEREABOUT, concerning what, 1 Sam.
    21:2.
  168. WHEREAS, since indeed, 1 Kings 8:
    18: when on the contrary, 1 Sam. 24:
    17.
  169. WHEREBY, by which, Jer. 33:8;
    Rom. 8:15.
  170. WHEREFORE, for what reason, 2 Sam.
    12:23; Matt. 14:31.
  171. WHERETO, to which, Isa. 55:11: to
    what, Phil. 3:16.
  172. WHEREWITH, by what means, Judg.
    6:15: with that, Mic. 6:6: with which,
    John 17:26.
  173. WHEREWITHAL, with that, Matt. 6: 31.
  174. WHET, to sharpen, Deut. 32:41;
    Eccles. 10:10.
  175. WHETHER, which of the two, Matt.
    21:31: if indeed, John 7:17.
  176. WHICH, the pronoun relating to things,
    Gen. 3:17; Acts 26:16.
  177. WHILE, a space of time, Gen. 46:29;
    1 Sam. 22:4; Acts 20:11.
  178. WHILE, as long as, Gen. 8:22; Mark
    2:19.
  179. WHIP, a lash to drive horses by flog-
    ging, Prov. 26:3.   King Solomon's
    heavy taxation of Israel being com-
    plained of by the elders, his proud and
    foolish son Rehoboam compared it to
    flogging with whips, rejecting their pe-
    tition, 1 Kings 12:11.
  180. WHIRL, to turn round rapidly, Eccles.
    1:6.
  181. WHIRLWIND, a stormy wind moving
    circularly, 2 Kings 2:1.   Such winds are
    very terrible in Arabia, Job 37:9; Isa.
    21:1.
  182. WHISPER, to speak in a low tone, as
    was the practice of diviners in their
    deceitful art, Isa. 29:4: to slander or
    backbite, Psal. 41:7.
  183. WHISPERED, did speak softly, 2 Sam.
    12:19.
  184. WHISPERER, a slanderer, a revealer of
    secrets, Prov. 16:28.
  185. WHISPERING, reporting secrets or
    slandering, 2 Cor. 12:20.
  186. WHIT, point or particular, 1 Sam. 3:
    18; John 7:23.
  187. WHITE, the colour of snow or of our
    teeth, Gen. 49:12.   White being the
    brightest and purest in regard to colour,
    it is used to represent things that are
    excellent, pure, and glorious.  
    God being
    represented with a "garment white as
    snow, and the hair of his head like the
    pure wool,"
    indicates His holiness and
    eternity
    , Dan. 7:9.   Christ having "his
    head and hairs white like wool, as white
    as snow,"
    denotes His eternal divinity
    ,
    Rev. 1:14.   White robes denote sanctity,
    felicity, and honour, 3:4, 5, 18.
  188. WHITE, to whiten or make white,
    Mark 9:3.
  189. WHITED, made white, Matt. 23:27:
    hypocritical, as pretending to uprightness,
    Acts 23:3.
  190. WHITER, more white or pure, Psal. 51:
    7; Lam. 4:7.
  191. WHITHER, to what place, Gen. 16:8;
    Heb. 11:8.
  192. WHITHERSOEVER, to whatsoever place,
    2 Sam. 8:6; Matt. 8:19.
  193. WHO, the pronoun relating to persons,
    Gen. 27:18: which of many persons,
    Exod. 32:26.
  194. WHOLE, all, Exod. 29:18: complete
    as to parts, Matt. 5:29; or not broken,
    Jer. 19:11: healed, Josh. 5:8; Matt. 9:
    21: sound or healthy, Acts 4:9; 9:34.
  195. WHOLESOME, healthful, as edifying
    words or discourses are to the minds of
    the hearers, Prov. 15:4; 1 Tim. 6:3.
  196. WHOLLY, totally or altogether, Lev.
    6:22; Jer. 50:13; Acts 17:16: com-
    pletely, 1 Thess. 5:23: sincerely, up-
    rightly, Deut. 1:36; Josh. 14:8, 14.
  197. WHOMSOEVER, any without exception,
    Gen. 31:32: any certain person, Matt.
    12:27; Acts 8:19.
  198. WHORE, a fornicatress, an unchaste
    woman, Lev. 19:29.
  199. WHOREDOM, fornication, unchastity,
    Lev. 19:29:
    idolatry, 2 Kings 9:22; Jer.
    3:2.
  200. WHOREMONGER, an unchaste man,
    Eph. 5:5.
  201. WHORING, practising idolatry, Exod.
    34:15, 16; Ezek. 6:9.
  202. WHORISH, unchaste, Prov. 6:26; Ezek.
    6:9.
  203. WHOSE, of whom, Gen. 32:17; Acts
    27:23.
  204. WHOSESOEVER, of whomsoever, John
    20:23.
  205. WHOSOEVER, any one, 1 Kings 13:33;
    Matt. 11:6.
  206. WHY, for what reason, Gen. 25:22;
    Matt. 21:25.
  207. WICKED, morally bad, addicted to evil,
    Gen. 18:23; Psal. 7:11; Matt. 12:45.
  208. WICKEDLY, badly, corruptly, Gen. 19:
    7; Dan. 12:10.
  209. WICKEDNESS, moral evil, corruptness
    of heart and manners
    , Gen. 6:5; Deut.
    9:4; 1 John 5:19.
  210. WIDE, broad or extended, as land, 1
    Chron. 4:40; or the sea, Psal. 104:25:
    capacious, Prov. 21:9; Jer. 22:14: free
    of entrance, as a course of evil, Matt. 7:
    13.
  211. WIDE, eagerly, as the mouth of a per-
    son in high expectation, Job 29:23:
    liberally, as the hand in giving supplies,
    Deut. 15:8.
  212. WIDENESS, breadth or extent, Ezek.
    41:10.
  213. WIDOW, a woman whose husband is
    dead, Exod. 22:24; 2 Sam. 14:5.   He-
    brew widows, having no children, were
    allowed to marry the brothers of their
    husbands, for the purpose of children to
    preserve their families, Gen. 38:6-
    11: this custom was enjoined by the law
    of Moses, to secure the family inherit-
    ances, Deut. 25:5-10; Ruth 4:3-10.
    Widows are objects of the special regard
    of God, Exod. 22:22; Deut. 10:18; Isa. 1:
    17-23.
  214. WIDOWHOOD, the condition of a widow,
    Isa. 47:9.   Widows of kings continued
    in their widowhood, 1 Kings 2:13, 14.
    David's concubines, defiled by Absalom,
    were shut up for the rest of their life in
    perpetual widowhood, 2 Sam. 20:3.
  215. WIFE, a married woman having a hus-
    band
    , Gen. 2:24; 24:4; 41:45.   Having
    more than one wife was common at an
    early period of the world, Gen. 4:19:
    many of the patriarchs fell into that
    guilty custom, by which the law of God
    was dishonoured, while numerous mise-
    ries were the consequence, the secondary
    wife or wives being subject to various
    oppressions and degradations; as may be
    seen even in the families of Abraham,
    Jacob, and David.   See HAGAR, and CON-
    CUBINE
    .
  216. WILD, savage or ferocious, as a beast
    of prey, Lev. 26:26; 1 Sam. 17:46;
    Job 39:15: bold or daring, as
    Ishmael,
    the son of Abraham, Gen. 16:12: uncul-
    tivated, as vines or olives, 2 Kings 4:39;
    Rom. 11:24.
  217. WILDERNESS, a desert, or unculti-
    vated tract of land, Exod. 14:3; 1 Kings
    19:15; Acts 21:38.   The north-western
    part of Arabia was almost wholly uncul-
    tivated; and hence Moses calls it "a ter-
    rible and a waste howling wilderness,"
    Deut. 1:19; 32:10.   Paran, Sin, and
    Sinai, were deserts in that dangerous
    country.   Several wildernesses or small
    deserts existed in Canaan; as "the wilder-
    ness of Judea," famous for the ministry
    of the Baptist
    John, Matt. 3:1.
  218. WILES, stratagems or allurements,
    Eph. 6:11.
  219. WILFULLY, daringly, obstinately, Heb.
    10:26.
  220. WILILY, craftily, cunningly, Josh. 9:
    4.
  221. WILL, that faculty of the soul by which
    we choose or refuse.   Man endowed with
    reason, must necessarily be free to choose
    and to refuse, or he cannot be a subject
    of virtue or vice, praise or blame; nor
    can he otherwise be an accountable being,
    1 Cor. 9:16, 17.   The human will being
    free, cannot, however, but choose what is
    agreeable to the state of the heart, and
    man being a fallen creature, whose nature
    is corrupted, the will never acts or
    chooses in a manner that is perfectly
    virtuous and holy, as required by the
    Divine law, until the mind is renewed by
    the Holy Spirit
    , John 5:4; Rom. 8:6,
    14; Phil. 2:13.   Hence the need of
    divine grace, regeneration, and sanctifica-
    tion.   This gracious renovation is there-
    fore represented as giving a new heart
    and a right spirit, as putting the law of
    God into the mind
    , Jer. 31:33; Ezek.
    11:19, 20; Heb. 8:10.
  222. WILL OF MAN, the desire, purpose, or
    policy of man, Lev. 1:3; John 1:13; 1 Cor.
    16:12; 2 Pet. 1:21.
  223. WILL OF GOD, the supreme and
    holy purpose and determination of the
    Almighty, by which He at first created
    the universe, and by which He preserves
    and governs all creatures and things both
    in nature and grace
    , Dan. 4:17-35; John
    5:30; 6:39; Eph. 1:11: the Divine favour,
    Deut. 33:16; Heb. 10:10; Jam. 1:19:
    the Divine permission or direction, Acts
    21:14; Rom. 1:10: the Divine revelation,
    containing laws, institutions, and promises
    in the Holy Scriptures
    , Matt. 3:31; John
    7:17; 2 Cor. 8:5; Col. 1:9.
  224. WILL, to choose, Deut. 21:14; Phil.
    2:13: to desire, Matt. 20:15, 32; Rom.
    7:18; Tit. 3:14: to permit, Jam. 4:15.
  225. WILLING, consenting or inclining, Gen.
    24:5, 8; Matt. 1:19: desiring, Isa. 1:19;
    Mark 15:15; Luke 23:20.
  226. WILLINGLY, readily, Exod. 25:2:
    cordially, 1 Cor. 9:17.
  227. WILLOW, a small tree growing chiefly
    in low wet lands, or by brooks, Lev. 23:
    40; Ezek. 17:5.   Its rapid growth is
    made an emblem of the future prosperity
    of the church with numerous converts,
    Isa. 44:4.
  228. WILL-WORSHIP, ceremonies of religion
    not required by the
    Scriptures, Col. 2:23.
  229. WIMPLES, hoods or veils worn by
    women, Isa. 3:22.
  230. WIN, to gain, or get into possession,
    2 Chron. 32:1.   To "win souls," is to
    convert them to the knowledge and love
    of God by the
    gospel of Christ, Prov. 11:
    30.   To "win Christ," is to gain possession
    of the blessings of salvation with eternal
    glory, Phil. 3:8.
  231. WIND, the air in powerful motion,
    Exod. 15:10.   Divine Providence per-
    forms many of its most important opera-
    tions, in producing the various seasons,
    with the beneficial changes in the weather,
    by the mysterious power of the wind,
    Gen. 8:1; Num. 11:31; Jer. 10:13.
    Violent winds fly, as it is computed, at
    the rate of more than 4000 feet in a
    minute; and storms and whirlwinds are
    sometimes very terrible, but always bene-
    ficial in their influence, though they are
    made instrumental in fulfilling the decrees
    of God, 1 Kings 19:11; Psal. 148:8.
    See STORM, TEMPEST, and WHIRLWIND.
    Wind is made an emblem of the gracious
    influence of the
    Spirit of God acting upon
    the minds of men
    , Ezek. 37:9; John
    3:8.
  232. WINDING, turning, as a terrace, stair-
    case, or passage, around a house, Ezek.
    41:7.
  233. WINDOW, an opening in a house to
    admit the light, Gen. 6:16; 26:8; Josh.
    2:15.   Window casements were com-
    monly filled with a kind of lattice or net-
    work before the invention of glass, Judg.
    5:28; Dan. 6:10.
  234. WINDY, tempestuous, Psal. 55:8.
  235. WINE, the preserved juices of grapes,
    Gen. 9:20, 21; 14:18.   Many have been
    of opinion that Noah was the first maker
    of wine, and that it was not known, or
    not in use, before the deluge.   Various
    conjectures, also, have been formed as to
    the quality of the ancient wines; some
    supposing that they were not fermented,
    but merely the preserved pulp or juice of
    the grapes: others, however, believe that
    some, at least, were prepared by that
    process, Isa. 25:6.   Wine of Canaan
    was highly exciting, 2 Sam. 13:28; and
    to the excessive use of it many were
    addicted, Prov. 20:6; 23:30; Isa. 28:
    7; though it was altogether forbidden
    from the
    Nazarites, Num. 6:3; Judg. 13:
    7; Luke 1:15.
  236. WINE-BIBBER, a drunkard, Prov. 23:
    20; Matt. 11:19.
  237. WINE-BOTTLES, skins of goats or sheep,
    prepared to hold wine, Josh. 9:4.   See
    BOTTLE.
  238. WINE-CELLARS, stores under ground
    for the preserving of wine, 1 Chron. 27:
    27.
  239. WINE-FAT, a vessel in which grapes
    were pressed or the juice preserved, Isa.
    63:2.
  240. WINE-PRESS, a kind of mill for the
    pressing of grapes, Neh. 13:15.
  241. WING, the limb of a bird by which it
    flies, Isa. 10:14; Ezek. 17:27.   Angels,
    cherubim and seraphim, are represented
    with wings, as ready to fly performing
    the commands of God, Exod. 25:20; Isa.
    6:2.   The beams of the sun are called
    wings, emanating from that luminary,
    Mal. 4:2.   Companies of an army stretch-
    ing forth are called wings, Isa. 8:8.
    Wings are made emblems of protection,
    especially of the Divine care, Exod. 19:
    4; Ruth 2:12; Psal. 17:8.
  242. WINGED, having wings, as flying fowl,
    Gen. 1:21; Ezek. 17:3.
  243. WINK, to shut the eyes, especially in
    derision or scorn, Job 15:12; Psal. 35:
    19; Prov. 6:13.
  244. WINKED, did shut the eyes or overlook,
    as God is said to have suffered the igno-
    rant idolatries of the heathen, Acts 17:
    30.
  245. WINNOW, to clean corn from the chaff,
    Ruth 3:2.
  246. WINNOWED, cleaned, as corn from the
    chaff after thrashing, Isa. 30:24.
  247. WINTER, the cold season of the year,
    Gen. 8:22: this, in northern countries,
    continues long, in some more than half
    the year, as in Russia and Sweden.
    Winter, in
    Canaan, was cold, wet, and
    stormy, from about the middle of Decem-
    ber till the latter end of January, Sol.
    Song 2:11; John 10:22.
  248. WINTER, to pass the winter, 1 Cor.
    16:6; Tit. 3:12: to shelter during the
    stormy season, Acts 27:12: to feed in
    the scarce winter, Isa. 18:6.
  249. WINTERED, sheltered in the stormy
    season, Acts 28:11.
  250. WIPE, to cleanse by rubbing gently,
    2 Kings 21:13; Luke 7:38; John 13:5:
    to dry up tears, as by removing the cause
    of grief, Isa. 25:8; or by forgetfulness,
    Neh. 13:14.
  251. WIPED, cleansed or removed, Prov. 6:
    33.
  252. WIPING, cleansing by rubbing, 2 Kings
    21:13.
  253. WIRES, very thin bars or strips, as of
    metal, Exod. 39:3.
  254. WISDOM, practical knowledge, Exod.
    31:3; 1 Kings 3:28; 4:29, 30; Dan. 1:
    4; 2:23; 5:11.   Intelligence or knowledge
    in a
    wicked mind is not properly wisdom,
    but subtlety or craftiness: evil spirits,
    therefore, though knowing and intelli-
    gent, and appearing to possess wisdom,
    are not wise, Gen. 3:1; Exod. 1:10; Jam.
    3:15.   Wisdom is put for learning or
    science, Acts 7:22: large experience,
    Job 12:12: true religion, in the know-
    ledge and fear of God, 28:28; Prov.
    4:7; Jam. 3:17: the Scriptures, as the
    oracles of Divine wisdom
    , Luke 11:49.
    God is the only source of wisdom, Rom.
    11:33; 16:27; Dan. 2:20, 23; Jam. 1:5, 17.
    Christ possesses all the treasures of
    wisdom and knowledge
    , Col. 2:3: and,
    therefore, He is the donor of wisdom to
    His disciples for their salvation, 1 Cor. 1:
    24-30.
  255. WISE, manner, or thing, Exod. 22:23;
    Matt. 1:18.
  256. WISE, prudently intelligent, Gen. 3:
    6; 41:39; Dan. 12:3; 2 Tim. 3:15: know-
    ing and discriminating, 1 Chron. 23:8:
    skilful or ingenious, 36:1, 2: learned,
    1 Cor. 1:19, 20: cunning, Judg. 5:29; Job
    5:13.
  257. WISE-HEARTED, skilful in discovery
    or handicraft, Exod. 28:3; 35:10,
    25.
  258. WISE-MEN, counsellers, astrologers,
    magicians
    , pretenders to the knowledge
    of futurity, Gen. 41:8; Exod. 7:11.
    The Wise-Men who came to worship
    Jesus, as the promised Messiah, appear
    to have come from eastern Arabia, where
    the Divine tradition is believed to have
    been retained with pious veneration from
    age to age, up to the time of Balaam, or
    Abraham, Matt. 2:1, 11, 16; Num. 24:
    17; Job 19:25; Gen. 12:2, 3; 22:14-
    18; 49:10.
  259. WISE-WOMAN, a matron of great saga-
    city, Prov. 14:1, or who pretends to super-
    natural wisdom, 2 Sam. 14:2; 20:16, 22.
  260. WISER, having more knowledge or
    wisdom, 1 Kings 4:31; Job 35:11:
    more dexterous or skilful, Luke 16:8.
  261. WISELY, discreetly or prudently, 1
    Sam. 18:5: with sound policy, 2 Chron.
    11:23: cunningly, Exod. 1:10.
  262. WISH, a desire, or what is desired, Job
    33:6.
  263. WISH, to desire, Psal. 40:14; 2 Cor.
    13:9.
  264. WISHED, did desire, or long for, Jon.
    4:8; Acts 27:29.
  265. WISHING, desiring, Job 31:30.
  266. WIST, knew, Exod. 16:15; Luke 2:
    49.   This word is now [old English].
  267. WIT, skill or contrivance: for men to
    be at their "wit's end," is to be in per-
    plexity beyond their ability to extricate
    themselves, Psal. 107:27.
  268. WIT, to inform, as "To wit," that is to
    say, 2 Cor. 5:19, "We do you to wit,"
    for We give you information, 8:1.
    These phrases are now [old English].
  269. WITCH, a woman pretending to inter-
    course [connection] with infernal spirits, so as to gain
    supernatural knowledge: such
    wicked
    persons have been numerous in heathen
    nations; and, though denounced by the
    law of Moses, Exod. 22:18; Deut. 18:
    10, they were found in the land of Israel,
    especially when the people fell away from
    the Divine ordinances to idolatry, 2 Kings
    9:22; 2 Chron. 33:6.   See WIZARD.
  270. WITCHCRAFT, the wicked profession
    of those who pretend to possess or to
    hold intercourse with "familiar spirits,"
    as witches and wizards, 2 Kings 9:22;
    2 Chron. 33:6.   Witchcraft is highly
    provoking to God, 1 Sam. 15:23; Mic. 5:
    12; Gal. 5:20.
  271. WITHAL, likewise, 1 Kings 19:1;
    Acts 25:27: altogether, Psal. 141:10.
  272. WITHDRAW, to leave off, 1 Sam. 14:
    19: to cease, Isa. 60:20; Joel 2:10: to
    retire or refrain from, 2 Thess. 3:6; 1
    Tim. 6:5.
  273. WITHDRAWN, retired, Luke 22:41:
    seduced, Deut. 13:13.
  274. WITHDREW, did withdraw, or retire,
    Matt. 12:15; Gal. 2:12.
  275. WITHER, to dry up or decay, as plants
    for want of water or moisture, Isa. 19:
    6, 7.
  276. WITHERED, dried up, Gen. 41:23;
    Lam. 4:8: decayed, Jon. 4:7; John 5:3.
  277. WITHHELD, did withhold, Gen. 20:6;
    Eccles. 2:10.
  278. WITHHOLD, to refuse or keep back,
    Gen. 23:6; 2 Sam. 13:13: to restrain,
    Job 12:15; 2 Thess. 2:6.
  279. WITHHOLDEN, refused, Psal. 21:2:
    restrained, 1 Sam. 25:26; Jer. 3:3.
  280. WITHIN, in the inside, as of a house,
    Gen. 39:11; or a city, Eccles. 9:14;
    or of the heart, Matt. 23:28; or of a
    church, as its members, 1 Cor. 5:12: be-
    fore a defined period, as a year, Lev. 25:
    29.
  281. WITHOUT, on the outside, as of a
    house, Gen. 24:31; 2 Kings 10:24: des-
    titute of, Jer. 33:10; Hos. 3:4: not
    possessing, as a privilege; thus Israel,
    through idolatry, was without Divine
    ordinances, 2 Chron. 15:3; as were the
    heathen nations, and so without God,
    Eph. 2:12: impenitent men are beyond
    or without the pale of the Christian
    church, 1 Cor. 5:12, 13; Col. 4:5: beyond
    or without the city or society of Heaven,
    as the unholy, Rev. 22:15.
  282. WITHS, osiers, or thin branches or
    twigs of the willow, Judg. 16:7-9.
  283. WITHSTAND, to resist or oppose, Num.
    22:32; Esth. 9:2; Dan. 11:15; Eph. 6:
    13.
  284. WITHSTOOD, did oppose, 2 Chron. 26:
    18.   Paul withstood Peter, by rebuking
    him for his dissimulation, Gal. 2:11.
    Jannes and Jambres withstood
    Moses in
    Egypt, by their contrivances with en-
    chantments
    against his miracles, 2 Tim.
    3:8.
  285. WITNESS, a person giving testimony
    concerning anything, Gen. 21:30; Acts
    1:8, 22.   Two witnesses were required
    in a criminal charge, by the law of Moses,
    Num. 35:30; Deut. 17:6.   Thus the
    Jewish rulers, who hired Judas to betray
    his Master, procured other wicked men,
    as false witnesses against Christ, for his
    destruction, Matt. 26:59, 60; and such
    were engaged against Stephen, Acts 6:
    13.   Witness is put for a person who is
    capable of giving testimony from his
    knowledge of facts, Gen. 30:50; Ruth
    4:9-11; for evidence, Exod. 22:13; Jer.
    32:10-25; and for testimony itself, as
    the gospel testimony is the witness of
    Jesus
    , Rev. 20:4.   God is a witness,
    giving the most satisfactory evidence to
    the minds of His servants
    , Rom. 1:9; and
    to the wicked for their confusion, Mal.
    3:5.   Jesus Christ is a witness, making
    known His truth and ordinances
    , Rev. 1:
    5.   The Holy Ghost is a witness, effectu-
    ally persuading the hearts of believers
    by His sanctifying grace
    , Heb. 10:15: His
    holy influence, producing Christian tem-
    pers, constitutes the witness in the mind
    ,
    1 John 5:10.
  286. WITNESS, to testify, 1 Sam. 12:3,
    especially in court against an accused
    person, Matt. 26:62; 27:13: to in-
    form, Acts 20:23.
  287. WITNESSED, did testify, as the false
    witness against Naboth, 1 Kings 21:13:
    did declare, 1 Tim. 6:13.
  288. WITNESSED, testified or declared, as
    the great things of
    salvation by Christ in
    the Scriptures
    , Rom. 3:21; Heb. 7:8.
  289. WITNESSING, testifying or declaring,
    Acts 25:22.
  290. WITTINGLY, warily, skilfully, wisely,
    Gen. 48:14.
  291. WITTY, skilful, ingenious, Prov. 8:
    12.
  292. WIVES' FABLES, rabbinical stories, of
    which many were extremely absurd,
    Jewish fables, 1 Tim. 4:7; Tit. 1:14.
  293. WIZARD, a man pretending to familiar
    intercourse [connection] with infernal spirits, and by
    that means possessing the knowledge of
    future events: they were doomed to
    death by the law of Moses, as the greatest
    enemies to the spiritual welfare of the
    people of Israel, Lev. 20:27; Deut. 18:
    11.   Wicked men, under the painful
    apprehensions awakened by their guilty
    consciences, have commonly sought to
    obtain relief by their pernicious delusions:
    such was the criminal policy of king Saul,
    1 Sam. 28:3-7-9; and of king Manas-
    seh, 2 Kings 21:6; Isa. 19:3.   See
    WITCH.

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