Bible Dictionary: H.   1840

  1. HA, a cry of daring or contempt, Job
    38:25.
  2. HABAI'AH, [h] (hidden of the Lord),
    a priest who returned from Babylon to
    Jerusalem, Ezra 2:61; Neh. 7:63.
  3. HAB'AKKUK, [h] (a wrestler), a pro-
    phet
    contemporary with the early part
    of the ministry of
    Jeremiah, Hab. 1.
  4. HABAKKUK, THE BOOK OF: this warns
    the wicked Jews of the speedy ruin of
    their nation by the Chaldeans, and fore-
    tels
    the overthrow of their enemies,
    while it consoles the godly in looking
    for salvation, Hab. 1:6; 3:17-19.   See
    Commentary.
  5. HABER'GEON, a soldier's breastplate,
    Exod. 28:32: a hand-spear or lance,
    Job 41:26.
  6. HABITABLE, capable of being inhabited,
    Prov. 8:31.
  7. HABITATION, a settled dwelling-place,
    Exod. 12:20; Acts 1:20.   Heaven is the
    habitation of God, Deut. 26:15.   Solo-
    mon's temple at Jerusalem was God's
    declared special habitation on earth, 2
    Chron. 6:2; and the second temple,
    Ezra 7:15.   Believers in Christ are
    now the habitation of God through the
    Spirit, Eph. 2:22.
  8. HA'BOR, [h] (a partaker), a city of
    Assyria, in which king Shalmanezer
    placed some of the captive Israelites,
    2 Kings 17:6.
  9. HACHALI'AH, [h] (who waits for the
    Lord
    ), the father of Nehemiah, Neh. 1:1;
    10:1.
  10. HACH'ILAH, [h] (my hope is in her),
    a hill of Judah, the resort of David when
    persecuted by Saul, 1 Sam. 33:19.
  11. HAD, did have, Exod. 16:18: did
    possess, Josh. 6:25.
  12. HA'DAD, [h] (joy? or cry of mariners), the
    son of Bedad, and a king of Edom, Gen.
    36:35.
  13. HADAD, a prince of east Edom, carried
    into Egypt by his father's servants, when
    Joab extirpated the male Edomites; he
    became brother-in-law of the king of
    Egypt, and a powerful adversary of Solo-
    mon, 1 Kings 11:14-25.
  14. HADADE'ZER, [h] (the beauty of assist-
    ance
    ), a king of Zobah in Syria, van-
    quished by David in two wars with great
    loss, 2 Sam. 8:3-12; 10:16-19.
  15. HA'DADRIM'MON, [h] (the voice of
    height
    ), the city in the valley of Megiddo,
    near to which king Josiah was slain by
    Pharaoh Necho, Zech. 12:11; 2 Chron.
    35:22-25.
  16. HA'DAR, [h] (a chamber), a son of Ish-
    mael, Gen. 25:15.
  17. HADAR or HADAD, a king of Edom,
    reigning in the city of Pau, Gen. 36:
    39; 1 Chron. 1:50.
  18. HADAS'SAH, [h] (a myrtle), the He-
    brew name of Esther, Est. 2:7.   See
    ESTHER.
    • Hades, Pagan.   No more than just mythology.
  19. HAD'LAI, [h] (loitering), a pious noble-
    man of Ephraim, 2 Chron. 28:12.
  20. HADO'RAM, [h] (their beauty), a prince
    of Hamath, 1 Chron. 18:10.
  21. HADORAM, the treasurer of king Reho-
    boam, called also Adoram and Adoniram,
    2 Chron. 10:18.   See ADORAM.
  22. HA'DRACH, [h] (joy of tenderness), a
    city or province of Syria, Zech. 9:1.
  23. HAFT, the handle, as of a knife or
    dagger, Judg. 3:22.
  24. HA'GAR, [h] (a stranger), an Egyptian
    waiting-maid of
    Sarah, who gave her to
    be a wife to Abraham, that she might
    bear a child for her, and she therefore
    became the mother of Ishmael, Gen. 16:
    1-16; 21:9.
  25. HAGARE'NES or HA'GARITES, [h]
    (strangers), descendants of Hagar by Ish-
    mael, the son of Abraham, 1 Chron. 5:
    10-20; Psal. 83:6.
  26. HAG'GAI, [h] (feast or solemnity), a pro-
    phet
    of Judah, who, with
    Zechariah,
    encouraged the Jews to proceed in re-
    building the city and temple of Jeru-
    salem, after their return from Babylon,
    Ezra 5:1.
  27. HAGGAI, THE BOOK OF: Haggai wrote
    in the most awakening, reproving, and
    consolatory strain; urging the Jews to
    vigorous activity in rebuilding the tem-
    ple, assuring them that the Divine suc-
    cours would be afforded to them, and
    that the latter temple should be more
    glorious than that of Solomon, as it
    should be visited by the "Desire of all
    nations,"
    the long-predicted Messiah,
    Hag. 2:7-9.   See
    Commentary.
  28. HAG'GITH, [h] (rejoicing), a wife of
    David, and mother of Adonijah, 2 Sam.
    3:4; 1 Kings 1:5.
  29. HAIL, drops of frozen rain, congealed
    while falling through the air, Exod. 9:
    18; Psal. 148:8.
  30. HAIL, to descend in hailstones, Isa.
    32:19.
  31. HAIL, a form of friendly salutation,
    Matt. 27:49; Luke 1:28.
  32. HAILSTONES, large congelations of
    water in the form of hail, Josh. 10:11.
    Some have been known as large as
    pigeons' eggs, or even larger.
  33. HAIR, one of the natural teguments
    of the body, 1 Cor. 11:14, 15.   Nazarites,
    among the Israelites, were not allowed
    to cut their hair during the obligation
    of their vows, Num. 6:5, 9, 18, 19: hence
    the weakness of Samson after the viola-
    tion of his obligation, Judg. 16:17-20.
    God numbering the hairs of our head,
    denotes his infinite observance of us, as
    the objects of his universal providence,
    Matt. 10:30.
  34. HAIRY, overgrown with hair, Gen.
    27:11, 23; 2 Kings 1:8.
  35. HALE, to drag, Luke 12:58.
  36. HALF, one of two equal parts, Exod.
    24:6; Lev. 6:20.
  37. HALING, dragging forcibly, Acts 8:3.
  38. HALL, a court of justice, or of a palace,
    Matt. 27:27.
  39. HALLOW, to regard as sacred, setting
    it apart for a holy use, Lev. 22:2, 3.
  40. HALLOWED, did hallow or set apart
    for a sacred use, Exod. 20:1.
  41. HALLOWED, sacred, set apart for sacred
    purposes or uses, Exod. 29:21, 1 Sam.
    21:4-6.
  42. HALT, to walk lamely, Mic. 4:6: to
    hesitate in regard to the principles of
    religion, 1 Kings 18:21.
  43. HALT, lame, Matt. 18:8; John 5:3.
  44. HALTED, did halt in lameness, Gen.
    32:31.
  45. HALTING, faltering or declining, as
    from duty, Jer. 20:10.
  46. HAM, [h] (hot, heat, or brown), Noah's
    youngest son, who, with his son Canaan,
    ridiculed his father.   Their filial irrever-
    ence occasioned the prediction of
    Noah
    relating to Canaan, according to which,
    his posterity were most degraded on
    account of their wickedness; and the
    descendants of Ham generally have been
    among the most debased tribes of man-
    kind, especially on their chief territory
    the continent of Africa, Gen. 9:22-25;
    10:6-20.
  47. HA'MAN, [h] (tumult or trouble), a de-
    scendant of king Agag, the Amalekite:
    his ambition and vanity were gratified
    by his being made prime-minister to
    Ahasuerus; but his malignity against
    the Jews, in seeking their destruction,
    providentially wrought his speedy ruin,
    Est. 3. 9.
  48. HA'MATH, [h] (anger, or a wall), a city
    on the river Orontes, in Syria, Judg. 3:
    3; 2 Sam. 8:9; 2 Kings 18:34.   "The
    entering in of Hamath,"
    is a narrow pass
    leading from Canaan to Syria, through
    the valley between Libanus and Anti-
    libanus.   "Hamath the great," Amos 6:
    2, is supposed to denote Antioch.   Ha-
    math is still a place of importance, called
    Hamah, in the Pachalik of Damascus.
  49. HA'MATHITE, [h], the population of
    Hamath, a family of the Canaanites in
    the north of the country, Gen. 10:18.
  50. HAMMEDA'THA, [h] (he that troubles
    the law
    ), an Agagite, father of Haman,
    prime-minister of the king of Persia,
    Est. 3:1.
  51. HAMMER, an instrument of force, espec-
    cially to drive nails, Judg. 4:21; 1 Kings
    6:7.   God's word is compared to a ham-
    mer, for its power on the mind of man
    ,
    Jer. 23:29.   Babylon, as an oppressive
    domination, is called the hammer of the
    earth, 50:23.
  52. HAM'ONAH, [h] (the multitude), a new
    name for the city of Hamon-Gog, Ezek.
    39:16.
  53. HA'MON-GOG, [h] (the multitude of
    Gog
    ), the prophetic name for the place
    of a great slaughter of the church's
    enemies, Ezek. 39:11-15.
  54. HA'MOR, [h] (an ass, clay, or wine), a
    Hivite prince of Shechem, Gen. 33:
    19; 34:2.
  55. HAMU'TAL, [h] (the shadow of his heart),
    wife of king Josiah, and mother of Je-
    hoahaz and Zedekiah, kings of Judah,
    2 Kings 23:31.
  56. HANAME'EL, [h] (the grace that comes
    from God
    ), a son of the uncle of Jeremiah,
    Jer. 32:7, 8.
  57. HANANE'EL, [h] (the grace of God), a
    tower at Jerusalem, Neh. 12:39.
  58. HAN'ANI, [h] (giving or gracious), the
    name of a prophet who reproved king
    Asa, 2 Chron. 16:7-10.
  59. HANANI, a Levite chief musician, 1
    Chron. 25:4, 23.
  60. HANANI, an eminently pious man,
    whom Nehemiah appointed as one of
    the governors of Jerusalem, Neh. 12:2.
  61. HANANI'AH, [h] (grace or gift of God),
    one of the princes of Judah, carried cap-
    tive to Babylon: his name was changed
    to Shadrach, and he has become famous
    by his having been one of the three
    delivered from the fiery furnace, into
    which he was cast by order of Nebuchad-
    nezzar, Dan. 1:7; 3.   See
    SHADRACH.
  62. HANANIAH, a general in the army of
    king Uzziah, 2 Chron. 26:11.
  63. HANANIAH, a false prophet, whose de-
    ceitful teaching deluded the people,
    confirming them in their rebellion against
    God, and in their contempt for the minis-
    try of Jeremiah.   He died in his iniquity
    the same year, according to the word of
    the prophet of God, Jer. 28:1-17.
  64. HANANIAH, a ruler of the palace, one
    that feared God above many, appointed
    by Nehemiah to the charge of the city
    of Jerusalem, Neh. 7:2; 3:8-30.
  65. HAND, that wonderful member of the
    human body so remarkably adapted to
    be the instrument of the intelligent
    mind, in performing its mighty works,
    Exod. 21:24; Jer. 18:4-6.   The hand
    being the chief instrument of all the
    works of man, allusions are made to it
    literally and figuratively throughout the
    Scriptures, denoting various things, as
    authority, Gen. 9:2; power or subjec-
    tion, 1 Kings 2:46; course of life, Psal.
    24:4; Jam. 4:8; instrumentality,
    2 Sam. 3:18; ministry, 2 Kings 14:21.
    Hand of God means the Divine power,
    1 Sam. 5:11; Acts 2:33.   Divine inspira-
    tion is thus signified
    , 1 Kings 18:46;
    Ezek. 1:3.
  66. HANDBREADTH, the breadth of a man's
    hand, a measure of nearly four inches,
    Exod. 25:25; Ezek. 40:5.
  67. HANDFUL, the quantity, as of flour,
    which may be grasped by the hand, Lev.
    2:2: a small quantity, 1 Kings 17:12:
    abundance, Psal. 72:16; Gen. 41:47.
    Some consider "the handful of corn"
    on the top of the mountain, denotes the
    Messiah, Psal. 72:16.
  68. HANDKERCHIEF, a small cloth of silk
    or linen to wipe the face, Acts 19:12.
  69. HANDLE, the part of a thing to be
    held in the hand, Sol. Song 5:5.
  70. HANDLE, to touch or use with the
    hand, Gen. 4:21; Ezek. 27:29: to
    feel, Luke 24:39.
  71. HANDLED, touched or felt, 1 John 1:
    1: used by the hand, Exod. 21:11:
    treated or abused, Mark 12:4.
  72. HANDLING, using in the hand, Ezek.
    38:4: applying, as the word of God,
    2 Cor. 4:2.
  73. HANDMAID, a maidservant ready in
    waiting on her mistress, Gen. 16:1.
    This term is commonly employed by
    women, as indicating humility, 1 Sam. 1:
    11; Luke 1:38.
  74. HANDMAIDEN, a maidservant, or term
    of humility, as handmaid, Luke 1:48.
  75. HANDWRITING, the written institu-
    tions of Moses, so called as its rites were
    the means of debarring the Gentiles from
    the church of God, Col. 2:14.
  76. HANDY-WORK, skilful contrivances,
    Psal. 19:1.
  77. HANG, to suspend, as a criminal, Gen.
    40:19; Gal. 3:13; Esth. 6:4; as the
    earth is suspended in the firmament, Job
    26:7: to depend, as the doctrines of
    the prophets on the law of God, Matt.
    22:40.
  78. HANGED, did hang, as a mode of exe-
    cution, Gen. 40:22; Josh. 10:26.
  79. HANGED, executed, Ezra 6:11; Luke
    23:39: suspended, Matt. 18:6.
  80. HANGING, being suspended, Josh. 10:
    26.
  81. HANGINGS, curtains, Exod. 26:36,
    37; Esth. 1:6.
  82. HAN'NAH, [h] (gracious or merciful),
    the pious mother of the prophet Samuel,
    1 Sam. 1:2-9; 2:1.
  83. HAN'NIEL, [h] (grace, or rest of God),
    a prince of Manasseh, one of the depu-
    ties to view the land of Canaan, Num.
    34:23.
  84. HA'NOCH, [h] (dedicated), a grandson
    of Abraham by Keturah, Gen. 25:6.
  85. HANOCH, a son of Reuben, Gen. 46:9.
  86. HA'NUN, [h] (gracious or merciful), a
    king of the Ammonites, who insulted
    David, by abusing his ambassadors, 2
    Sam. 10:1-4.
  87. HAP, a casual event, Ruth 2:3.
  88. HAPLY, perhaps, possibly, Acts 5:39;
    17:27.
  89. HAPPEN, to come to pass, Isa. 41:22;
    Mark 10:32
  90. HAPPENED, did come to pass, Esth. 4:
    7; 2 Pet. 2:22.
  91. HAPPIER, more happy, 1 Cor. 7:4.
  92. HAPPY, joyful, Prov. 3:13: highly
    privileged, Deut. 33:29; Psal. 144:
    15; 1 Pet. 4:14.
  93. HA'RAN, [h] (mountain), the elder bro-
    ther of
    Abraham, and father of Lot, Gen.
    11:26-31.
  94. HARAN (called CHARRAN, Acts 7:2),
    a place in Mesopotamia, where Abra-
    ham's father died, so named in memory
    of his late brother Haran, Gen. 11:28-31.
    It is now called Harran, inhabited by a
    few Arabs.
  95. HARBO'NA, [h] (destruction, sword, or
    dryness), the chamberlain of king Ahasue-
    rus, appointed to see the execution of
    Haman, Esth. 1:10; 7:9.
  96. HARD, firm, not soft, Job 41:24: dif-
    ficult, Gen. 18:14: oppressive, Exod.
    1:4: powerful, 2 Sam. 3:39: sorrowful,
    Prov. 13:15.
  97. HARD, near, Acts 18:7: laboriously,
    Jon. 1:13.
  98. HARDEN, to make unfeeling, Deut. 15:
    7: to become bold in irreligion, Psal.
    95:8.
  99. HARDENED, did harden, 2 Kings 17:
    14.   God hardened the heart of Pharaoh
    and others by leaving them to cherish
    their wicked propensities, Exod. 7:3;
    8:15; Deut. 2:30; 1 Sam. 6:6.
  100. HARDER, more hard, Jer. 5:3: more
    difficult, Prov. 18:19.
  101. HARDLY, severely, Gen. 16:6: diffi-
    cultly, Exod. 13:15; Matt. 19:23.
  102. HARDNESS, solidity, Job 38:38:
    insensibility, Mark 3:5; Rom. 2:5.
  103. HARE, a small animal resembling the
    rabbit, Lev. 11:6.
  104. HARLOT, a prostitute, Gen. 38:
    15: a hostess or inn-keeper, Josh. 2:1:
    a corrupter of the gospel, Rom. 17:5.
  105. HARM, evil or injury, Gen. 31:52;
    Acts 28:5.
  106. HARM, to injure, 1 Pet. 3:13.
  107. HARMLESS, inoffensive, innocent, Matt.
    10:16; Phil. 2:15; Heb. 7:26.
  108. HARNESS, a soldier's accoutrements,
    1 Kings 22:34.
  109. HARNESS, to fix horses in traces put-
    ting on their furniture, Jer. 46:4.
  110. HARNESSED, dressed and arranged in
    marching order, Exod. 13:18.
  111. HA'ROD, [h] (astonishment), a town situ-
    ated near mount Gilboa, Judg. 7:1; 2
    Sam. 23:25.
  112. HAR'OSHETH, [h] (agriculture), a city
    of Canaan, in the north of Galilee, near
    lake Merom, where many heathens re-
    sided, memorable for the overthrow of
    Sisera, under Barak, Judg. 4:2, 13, 16.
  113. HARP, a stringed, and perhaps the
    earliest invented musical instrument,
    Gen. 4:21; 31:27.   This kind of in-
    strument was made in various forms, pro-
    bably resembling those of Egypt; and
    it was much used in sacred services, 2
    Sam. 6:5; 1 Chron. 25:3; Rev. 5:8.
    Hanging the harp on the willows, denoted
    the extreme grief of the Jews in Baby-
    lon, Psal. 137:2.
  114. HARPED, tuned by the harp, 1 Cor.
    14:7.
  115. HARPERS, those who play music on
    the harp, Rev. 14:2.   See Music.
  116. HARROWS, timber frames with iron
    teeth to break the clods of the ground
    when ploughed: to this servitude David
    is believed to have reduced the Ammon-
    ites, 2 Sam. 12:31.
  117. HART, the stag or male of an elegant
    species of antelope, common in the Levan-
    tine countries, Deut. 13:15; 1 Kings 4:
    23.
  118. HARVEST, the season of reaping corn
    and of gathering in the fruits of the
    earth, Gen. 8:22; 1 Sam. 6:13: a
    season of religious excitement, Matt. 9:
    37; John 4:35: the end of the world
    when ripe for dissolution, Matt. 13:30,
    39; Rev. 14:15.
  119. HARVESTMAN, a reaper, Isa. 17:5.
  120. HASTE, speed, Exod. 10:16: confused
    hurry, Isa. 28:16.
  121. HASTE, to go speedily, Gen. 19:22;
    1 Sam. 20:38.
  122. HASTED, did haste or go speedily, Gen.
    18:7: did urge on, Exod. 5:13.
  123. HASTEN, to make haste, or proceed
    speedily, Isa. 5:19; 60:22: to urge for-
    ward, 1 Kings 22:9.
  124. HASTENED, did hasten, Gen. 18:6;
    19:5.
  125. HASTILY, quickly, immediately, Gen.
    41:14: in haste, John 11:31: at once,
    without delay, Judg. 2:23.
  126. HASTING, urging forward, Isa. 16:5;
    2 Pet. 3:12.
  127. HASTY, precipitate or passionate, Prov.
    14:29: early, Isa. 28:4: urgent,
    Dan. 2:15.
  128. HA'TACH, [h] (he that strikes), a cham-
    berlain in the court of the king of Persia,
    Est. 4:5, 6.
  129. HATCH, to produce young from eggs,
    Isa. 34:15.
  130. HATE, to dislike, Gen. 26:27; Prov.
    1:22: to dislike with malice, 1 Kings
    22:8: to disregard, John 12:25, espe-
    cially when interfering with duty, Luke
    14:26.
  131. HATED, did dislike, Eccles. 2:17: did
    abhor, 2 Sam. 13:15: did favour less,
    Mal. 1:10.
  132. HATEFUL, detestable, Psal. 36:2:
    loathsome, Tit. 3:3.
  133. HATEFULLY, disgracefully, Ezek. 23:
    29.
  134. HATERS, those who hate, Rom. 1:30:
    enemies, Psal. 81:15.
  135. HATING, abhorring, Exod. 18:21:
    Tit. 3:3.
  136. HATRED, ill-will, Num. 35:20: ma-
    lice, malignity, Gal. 5:20.
  137. HATS, bonnets, caps, or turbans, as
    worn in the East, Dan. 3:21.
  138. HAUGHTILY, arrogantly, proudly, Mic.
    2:3.
  139. HAUGHTINESS, pride, arrogance, Isa.
    2:2, 17.
  140. HAUGHTY, proud, scornful, Prov. 16:
    18; Isa. 3:17.
  141. HAUNT, a place of retirement for se-
    crecy, 1 Sam. 23:22.
  142. HAUNT, to frequent as a retreat, 1
    Sam. 30:31.
  143. HAVE, to possess or enjoy, Lev. 7:
    7-10; Acts 3:6: to claim, 2 Sam. 19:
    28, 43: to use, Gen. 11:6.
  144. HAVEN, a sea-port, a safe station for
    ships, Gen. 49:13.   Crete was noted for
    a secure sea-port, at the south-east part
    of the island; hence called Fair Havens,
    Acts 27:8-12.
  145. HAV'ILAH, חוילה (that suffers pain), a
    province about the junction of the rivers
    Tigris and
    Euphrates near the Persian
    gulf, Gen. 2:11; 25:18.
  146. HAVILAH, a son of Cush, Gen. 10:7.
  147. HAVILAH, a son of Joktan, Gen. 10:29.
  148. HAVING, possessing, Matt. 7:29; 2
    Cor. 4:13: being afflicted with, Luke
    8:43: enjoying, Rom. 12:6.
  149. HAVOCK, waste or destruction, Acts
    8:3.
  150. HAVOTH-JA'IR, [h] (the villages that
    enlighten
    ), hamlets near mount Gilboa,
    Num. 32:41; Deut. 3:14.
  151. HAU'RAN, [h] (liberty), a province near
    Damascus, reaching southward toward
    Galilee, Ezek. 47:16.   Hauran now
    includes several provinces, among which
    are Trachonitus and Iturea: it was called
    by the Romans Auranitis.
  152. HAWK, a large bird of prey, remark-
    able for the swiftness of its flight, Lev.
    11:16; Job 39:26.
  153. HAY, dried grass, as winter food for
    cattle, 1 Cor. 3:12.   Hay, as rendered
    Prov. 27:25; Isa. 15:6, is believed to
    mean the first springings of the grass.
  154. HAZ'AEL, [h] (that sees God), the com-
    mander-in-chief of the Syrian army under
    king Benhadad, 1 Kings 19:15.   Elijah
    anointed him to be king of Syria; and
    to obtain the throne he murdered his
    master, when he assumed the govern-
    ment, and became a scourge to Israel
    for fifty years, 2 Kings 8:9-15; 13:
    3-24.
  155. HA'ZARM'AVETH, [h] (the court or
    entry of death), a son of Joktan, and
    founder of a tribe in Arabia Felix, Gen.
    10:26-36.
  156. HAZEL, a tree, supposed by some to
    be the almond-nut tree, Gen. 30:7.
  157. HAZE'ROTH, [h] (villagers), some ham-
    lets in Arabia Petrea, called also Haze-
    rim, Num. 11:35; 12:16; Deut. 2:23.
  158. HA'ZOR, [h] (court or hay), the chief
    city of the petty kingdoms in the north
    of Galilee in the time of Joshua, Josh.
    11:10, 11, 13.
  159. HAZOR, a city of Judah, called also
    Hezron, Josh. 15:25; 1 Kings 9:15.
  160. HE, the man before named, Exod. 4:
    16; Acts 10:21, 42.
  161. HEAD, the chief part of the body, 1
    Sam. 17:57.   Head denotes the whole
    person, Prov. 10:6; Ezek. 9:10: a chief
    member of society, Isa. 9:14, 15: a
    governor, Exod. 18:25; Num. 25:4:
    the chief in order; so the man is the
    head of the woman; Christ is the head
    of every man; and the head of Christ is
    God, 1 Cor. 11:3.   Christ is the head of
    the
    church, Eph. 5:23; and of all intel-
    ligent beings, Col. 2:10.   Anointing the
    head with oil, denotes abundant bless-
    ings, Psal. 23:5.   Blessings on the
    head of the just, intimates the Divine
    favour and influences, Prov. 10:6.   Riding
    over the head, signifies oppression, Psal.
    66:12.   Shaking or wagging the head,
    implies contempt or scorn, Matt. 27:
    39; Psal. 22:7.
  162. HEADBAND, a fillet, an ornamental
    bandage around the head, as worn by
    women, Isa. 3:20.
  163. HEADSTONE, the crowning stone of a
    building, Zech. 4:7.   Christ, as the
    author of eternal salvation to all be-
    lievers, is the headstone of the church
    of God
    , Psal. 118:22; Matt. 21:42;
    Eph. 2:20.
  164. HEADLONG, with the head foremost,
    Luke 4:29; Acts 1:18: rashly, Job 5:13.
  165. HEADY, rash, vain, 2 Tim. 3:4.
  166. HEAL, to cure a wound or disease,
    Num. 12:12: to give pardon, Psal. 41:
    4: to impart consolation, 147:3.
  167. HEALED, did heal or cure, Gen. 20:
    17; Mark 12:15.
  168. HEALED, cured, Exod. 21:19; Deut.
    28:27: made wholesome, Ezek. 47:
    8-11: pardoned, 1 Pet. 2:24.
  169. HEALER, one who heals, as a bountiful
    friend heals the afflicted mind, Isa. 3:7.
  170. HEALING, health, Jer. 14:19: resto-
    ration to health, Acts 4:22.
  171. HEALING, curing, Matt. 4:23.
  172. HEALTH, soundness of body, without
    sickness or disease, Gen. 43:28: peace
    of mind and joy in God, Psal. 47:2.
  173. HEAP, a pile, as of stones, Gen. 31:
    46-52; Exod. 8:14: ruins of a destroyed
    town, Josh. 7:28; Isa. 17:1.
  174. HEAP, to pile up, Ezek. 24:10: to
    accumulate, as money, Job 27:16;
    Psal. 39:6; or calamity, by a criminal
    course, Deut. 32:23.
  175. HEAPED, did accumulate, Zech. 9:3;
    Jam. 5:3.
  176. HEAR, to receive sounds by the ear,
    Exod. 19:9: to attend to a complaint,
    2 Sam. 15:3: to give attention, Isa. 1:2:
    to believe and obey, John 8:47; 10:27.
    God hears our prayers, as is proved by
    the communications of His blessings, Psal.
    145:19.
  177. HEARD, did hear, Gen. 45:2: did re-
    gard, Exod. 2:24; Num. 12:2.
  178. HEARD, discovered by hearing, Ezra
    3:13: been informed, Isa. 40:28; Jam.
    5:11.
  179. HEARER, one who hears, who attends
    to any discourse, Jam. 1:22, 23; Eph. 4:
    29.
  180. HEARING, the sense of hearing, Job
    41:5: reach of the ear, Deut. 31:11:
    judicial trial, Acts 25:21-23.
  181. HEARING, perceiving by the ear, Acts
    5:5: listening, Prov. 20:12: being in-
    formed, Phil. 5.
  182. HEARKEN, to listen, Acts 12:13: to
    regard, Exod. 7:4; Acts 2:2.
  183. HEARKENED, did regard, Gen. 23:
    16; Est. 3:4; Acts 27:21.
  184. HEARKENING, regarding, obeying, Psal.
    103:20.
  185. HEART, the seat of animal life; the
    centre of the affections and passions,
    Matt. 15:18, 19.   An evil heart, is a
    mind alienated from God, Heb. 3:12:
    a good, honest, pure, and clean heart, is
    a mind that is renewed, penitent [repentant], and
    obedient, through the grace of the Spirit
    of God.   A stony heart, is a mind that is
    senseless to divine things, Ezek. 11:19.
    Infidelity depraves the heart, but it is
    purified by a divine faith, Acts 15:9.
  186. HEARTED, disposed in heart, as faint-
    hearted or timid, Deut. 20:8: tender-
    hearted or sympathising, Eph. 4:32:
    wise-hearted or skilful, Exod. 28:3.
  187. HEARTH, a fireplace, Gen. 18:6; Jer.
    36:22.
  188. HEARTILY, sincerely, actively, Col. 3:
    23.
  189. HEARTY, sincere, friendly, loving, Prov.
    27:9.
  190. HEAT, a sensation from the action of
    fire, Acts 28:3: animal warmth,
    Eccles. 4:11: mental ardour, Ezek. 3:
    14: the indignation of God against sin-
    ners
    , Deut. 29:4.
  191. HEAT, to make hot by fire, Dan. 3:
    19.
  192. HEATED, made hot by fire, Dan. 3:
    19; Hos. 7:4.
  193. HEATH, a wild shrub on desert land,
    to the exposed condition of which wicked
    men are resembled, Jer. 17:6; 46:6.
  194. HEATHEN, people destitute of the true
    knowledge of God--Gentiles or pagans:
    such the Jews were accustomed to deno-
    minate all nations besides themselves,
    who were favoured with the oracles of
    God
    , Lev. 26:33, 38, 45; Rom. 9:4.
    Greeks and Romans, advanced in civili-
    sation, called all other nations barba-
    rians, as the Jews called them Gentiles:
    but Christianity is designed for all
    na-
    tions
    without distinction; and Paul was
    especially commissioned as the apostle
    of Christ to the heathen, Gal. 1:16; 2:9;
    3:8; Rom. 10:12; Col. 3:11.   Still, it
    is computed that there are, at least
    600,000,000 of the present population of
    our globe in the condition of heathen,
    without the knowledge of God, as He is
    revealed in the gospel of Christ: these
    perishing multitudes are chiefly in Asia,
    central Africa, south America, and
    northern Europe.
  195. HEATHEN MAN, a pagan, a man desti-
    tute of the true knowledge of God, Matt.
    18:17.
  196. HEAVE, to lift up, as an offering in
    the worship of God, Num. 15:29.
  197. HEAVED, lifted up, as an offering in the
    worship of God, Exod. 29:27; Num.
    18:30.
  198. HEAVE-OFFERING, a special present
    to the priests, of corn, fruit, and meat,
    and which was first offered to God, by
    the priest heaving it up towards heaven,
    Exod. 29:27, 28; Num. 15:19-21;
    18:24-29.
  199. HEAVEN: this word is variously used
    in the Scriptures, especially for the whole
    celestial regions, including the starry
    firmament, Gen. 1:1-8: the atmospherical
    regions, in which the birds fly, the winds
    blow, and the rain and dew are formed,
    Gen. 1:20; 7:11; Deut. 11:11-17: the
    starry expanse, Gen. 1:14; Deut. 4:19;
    Psal. 19:6: the dwelling place of
    God,
    the heaven of heavens, or third heaven
    ,
    Deut. 10:14; 1 Kings 8:27; 2 Cor. 12:2:
    the government of God, Dan. 4:26;
    Luke 15:21: the visible [kingdom], Rev.
    12:1, 3, 7, [10]: the immortal and blessed
    habitation of the saints, where they will
    dwell with God and Christ in eternal
    glory
    , Luke 6:23; Col. 1:5; Heb. 10:34;
    1 Pet. 1:4.   Divine revelation affords us
    many sublime ideas of the grandeur and
    glory of the inheritance of believers.
    But, however lofty and comprehensive
    the conceptions of any may be in rela-
    tion to the felicity of the saints in hea-
    ven, even with the aid of those glowing
    descriptions of that state, in various parts
    of the Scriptures, they must necessarily
    be deficient: "it doth not yet appear[,]"
    as the inspired apostle declares, "what
    we shall be: but we know that, when he
    shall appear, we shall be like him; for
    we shall see him as he is[,]"
    1 John 3:2.
    Clothed in robes of holiness and glory,
    and filled with the happiness of God,
    "we shall be for ever with the Lord."
    • Heaven, God's prepared place for the saved.
      Factual, literal and everlasting.   See Paper.
  200. HEAVENLY, dwelling in heaven, Luke
    2:13: belonging to heaven, Eph. 1:20:
    relating to heaven, John 3:12.   God is
    called our "heavenly Father[,]" as His ha-
    bitation is in Heaven
    , Matt. 6:14; Luke
    11:13.
  201. HEAVIER, more heavy, Job 6:3: more
    painful, 23:2: more hurtful, Prov.
    27:3.
  202. HEAVILY, weightily, Exod. 14:25:
    sorrowfully, Psal. 35:14.
  203. HEAVINESS, dejection of mind, Ezra
    9:5; Rom. 9:2.
  204. HEAVY, weighty, as a stone, Prov.
    27:3: afflictive, as disease, 1 Sam. 5:
    6: oppressive, as arbitrary taxes, 1 Kings
    12:4: sorrowful, as in calamity, 20:43:
    insensible, as given up to judicial hard-
    ness of heart, Isa. 6:10; Matt. 13:15.
    Heavy laden, is being oppressed with
    conscious guilt, 11:[28].   Christ was very
    heavy, under the penalty of the sin of
    the world
    , 26:37.
  205. HE'BER, עבר, or EBER (a passenger), a
    son of Salah, great-grandson of Shem,
    the son of Noah, Gen. 10:21, 25; Luke 3:
    35, 36.
  206. HEBER, [h] (to associate), the Kenite,
    the husband of Jael, Judg. 4:11.
  207. HE'BREW, עברי (a passenger or foreigner),
    a name given to
    Abraham, as having
    come from beyond the river Euphrates,
    to sojourn in Canaan, Gen. 14:13;
    39:14.   Hence his descendants in
    Canaan were called Hebrews, though
    their domestic name was Israelites, 40:
    15; 43:32.
  208. HEBREW LANGUAGE, Luke 23:38;
    John 19:13-17.   Hebrew is believed to
    have been preserved in the family of
    Eber amid the confusion of Babel, Gen.
    10:25; 11:1-9; and in this all the books
    of the Old Testament were written, ex-
    cept some small parts of the later pro-
    phets, which were written in the dialect
    of Chaldea.   Besides these books there
    is no work, in all antiquity, written in
    pure Hebrew.   Heber's family appear
    to have used the Chaldee, on their emi-
    gration to that country in the fourth
    generation; and Abraham seems to have
    disused it, though his native dialect, on
    his removal to Canaan: for Jacob and
    Laban gave different names to the same
    pillar of their covenant, Laban's being
    Chaldee, and Jacob's Hebrew, each sig-
    nifying "the heap of witness," Gen. 31:
    45-47.   Hebrew is believed to have been
    the language spoken by the primitive
    fathers of mankind; and, consequently,
    given to our first parents by the imme-
    diate inspiration of God.   See
    LANGUAGE.
  209. HEBREW OF THE HEBREWS, one by
    birth of both parents, and in speech, a
    Hebrew, Phil. 3:5.   Such a Jew was
    esteemed more honourable than one, who,
    though of Jewish descent, used the Greek
    language, as was generally the case with
    those born and brought up in the cities
    of the Greeks: they were, therefore,
    called Greeks, John 12:20, and Grecians,
    Acts 6:1.
  210. HEBREWS, EPISTLE TO THE: this in-
    valuable book was written by Paul to
    the Jewish Christians in
    Palestine, to
    establish their belief in the gospel of
    Christ.   It is regarded as the necessary
    supplement to the Epistle to the Romans,
    which is the principal exhibition of the
    gospel dispensation addressed to the
    Gentiles.   While the author of the He-
    brews throughout the epistle admits, in
    its fullest sense, the divinity of the
    mission and institutions of Moses, he
    proves from numerous prophecies and
    testimonies of the Old Testament Scrip-
    tures, that Jesus was in His official cha-
    racter the promised Messiah, the Son
    of God
    --the Lord of angels--and con-
    stituted, by the oath of God, a high-
    priest infinitely superior to Aaron.   This
    epistle shows, that the Levitical dispen-
    sation was a prefiguration of Christi-
    anity: it is, therefore, an inspired com-
    mentary
    on the ordinances and laws of
    Moses, exhibiting a nobler tabernacle--
    a better priesthood--the only perfect
    atonement for sin--and eternal salvation
    for all who come unto God by Christ.

    See Commentary.
  211. HE'BRON, [h] (society or friendship), a
    famous and ancient city of Canaan, about
    twenty-two miles south of Jerusalem: it
    was built about seven years before Zoan,
    or Tanis, the capital of Lower Egypt,
    Num. 13:22.   Hebron was originally
    called Arba, Josh. 14:13; 15:13, and
    Kirjath-arba, Gen. 23:2: it was me-
    morable as near the residence of Abra-
    ham, Gen. 35:27; as a city of refuge
    and of the priests, Josh. 21:13; as the
    early seat of David's throne, 2 Sam. 2:
    11; 5:3; and as the residence of Zacha-
    rias and Elisabeth, Luke 1:39, Josh. 21:
    11.   Hebron is now inhabited by about
    four hundred families of Arabs, who call
    it El-Hhalil.
  212. HEBRON, a son of Kohath, and chief
    of a family of the Levites, Exod. 6:18.
  213. HEDGE, a fence, as of cultivated
    ground, Mark 12:1: the way-side, Luke
    14:23.   Divine Providence, as the de-
    fence of the pious, Job 1:10; Isa. 5:5.
    Inconveniences or troubles are as a hedge
    of thorns, Psal. 15:13.
  214. HEDGE, to make a fence, Hos. 2:6.
  215. HEDGED, fenced, Job 3:23: enclosed
    with a fence, Matt. 21:33.
  216. HEED, watchful care, 2 Sam. 20:10:
    regard or diligent attention, 1 Tim. 1:4;
    Heb. 2:1.
  217. HEEL, the back part of the foot, Gen.
    44:17.   As the heel is the lowest part
    of the body, so the flesh or human nature
    of Christ is the heel which Satan bruised
    in the sufferings of our Saviour
    , Gen. 3:
    15.   To lift up the heel, or kick, is to
    render evil for good, as Judas did trai-
    torously against his Lord and Master
    ,
    Psal. 41:9; John 13:8.   Men are taken
    by the heels, when they fall into cala-
    mity, Job 18:19.
  218. HEG'AI, [h] or HEGE (meditation, word,
    or groanings), the chamberlain, keeper of
    the women in the harem of king Ahasu-
    erus, Est. 2:3-8.
  219. HEIFER, a young cow of three years
    old, Gen. 15:9.   Proverbially, a wife,
    Judg. 14:8.   Ceremonial purification,
    by the ashes of a heifer that had been
    sacrificed, prefigured our spiritual cleans-
    ing by the sacrifice of Christ, Num. 19:
    1-10; Heb. 9:12-14.
  220. HEIGHT, elevation, Gen. 6:15; Prov.
    35:3.
  221. HEINOUS, extremely criminal, Job
    31:11.
  222. HEIR, a son that succeeds his father
    in the estate, Gal. 4:1; or one that in-
    herits after the present possessor, Gen.
    15:3, 4.   Expressions referring to this
    mode of obtaining possessions on earth,
    are frequently employed in the Scrip-
    tures, to instruct believers concerning
    their eternal inheritance in Heaven.
    Christ having, in the covenant of grace,
    been "appointed heir of all things," for
    the salvation and glory of His [children],
    Heb. 1:2, all true believers in His name
    will inherit Heaven as their inheritance,
    being "heirs of God, and joint-heirs with
    Christ[,]"
    Rom. 8:17.
  223. HEL'BON, [h] (milk), a district or city
    famous for its wine, Ezek. 27:18.
    Helbon is supposed to be the modern
    Haleb or Aleppo, a famous city of Syria,
    containing about 200,000 inhabitants: it
    is situated about 180 miles north of Da-
    mascus, 70 miles south-east from Antioch,
    and 80 miles in land from the Mediter-
    ranean sea.
  224. HELD, did hold, Exod. 17:11: did
    contain, 2 Chron. 4:5: did summon,
    Matt. 12:14: did guard, Luke 22:63.
  225. HEL'DAI, [h] (the world), one of the
    twelve captains of David's guards, 1
    Chron. 27:15.
  226. HELDAI, a person of [importance] and
    wealth, a friend of the high-priest Joshua,
    Zech. 6:10, 11.
  227. HE'LEB, [h] (milk or fatness), son of
    Baanah, an officer in the army of David,
    2 Sam. 23:29.
  228. HE'LI, ΄Ηλι (ascending), the father of
    Joseph, the husband of the virgin Mary,
    Luke 3:23.
  229. HELL: this is a Saxon word, used in
    different acceptations in the Scriptures.
    The Hebrew word of the Old Testament
    is שאול, Sheol, and the Greek of the New
    Testament is ΄Αδης, Hades.   Hell signifies
    the prison of wicked spirits in
    torment,
    both angels and human souls, 2 Pet. 2:4;
    Matt. 23:33; 25:41: it [sometimes] signifies also
    the grave, Prov. 15:10; Jon. 2:2; Acts
    2:27-31.   Hades is translated grave, 1
    Cor. 15:55.   There is also another Greek
    word, Γεεννα, Gehenna, many times trans-
    lated Hell, particularly Matt. 5:22-29;
    10:28; 18:9; 23:15, 33; Jam. 3:6.
    Gehenna is compounded of two Hebrew
    words, גיא Ge, and הנם Hinnom, or val-
    ley of Hinnom, which was a place near
    Jerusalem where children were cruelly
    sacrificed to Moloch, 2 Chron. 33:
    6; Ezek. 23:37-39.   This place was
    called Tophet, from toph, a drum, by
    which the cries of the murdered infants
    were drowned, and it presented the most
    fit emblem of the state of torment, while
    its name furnished a suitable title for
    Hell.   See HINNOM.
    • Hell, God's prepared place for Satan and the lost.
      Literal and everlasting fire.   See Hell.
  230. HELL, GATES OF, the power and policy
    of evil spirits, Matt. 16:18.   See GATES.
  231. HELM, the rudder or regulator of a
    ship at sea, Jam. 3:4.
  232. HELMET, a piece of armour to protect
    the head, a kind of cap usually made of
    metal, 1 Sam. 17:5.   By a figure of
    speech, the hope of salvation is a helmet
    to the Christian, Eph. 6:17.
  233. HELP, a friend or helper, Exod. 18:
    4; as a wife, Gen. 2:18-20; assistance
    or relief, Deut. 33:29; Acts 26:22.
  234. HELP, to aid or relieve, Josh. 1:14;
    Heb. 4:16.
  235. HELPED, did aid, succour, or relieve,
    Exod. 2:17; Acts 18:27.
  236. HELPER, an auxiliary, 2 Kings 14:
    26: a fellow-labourer, Rom. 16:9.
  237. HELPING, assisting, Ezra 5:2: co-
    operating, 2 Cor. 1:11.
  238. HELPS, chains, ropes, and other means
    of security, as employed with a crazy ship,
    Acts 27:17.
  239. HELVE, the handle of an axe, Deut.
    19:5.
  240. HEM, a border, as of a garment, Matt.
    9:20: the skirt, as of the ephod, Exod.
    28:33.
  241. HE'MAN, [h] (their trouble), an Israelite
    of the tribe of Judah, famous, with his
    four brothers, for wisdom, 1 Chron. 2:6;
    1 Kings 4:31.
  242. HEMAN, a chief musician and singer
    in the tabernacle, in the reign of David,
    1 Chron. 6:33; 15:17; 25:1-5.
  243. HEMLOCK, a poisonous herb, Hos. 10:4;
    Amos 6:12.
  244. HEN, a well-known domestic fowl, re-
    markable for her parental care of her
    young, Matt. 23:37.
  245. HENCE, away, from this place, Gen.
    42:15; or time, Acts 1:5.
  246. HENCEFORTH, from this time forward,
    Gen. 4:12; Rev. 14:13.
  247. HENCEFORWARD, from this time to
    futurity, Num. 15:23; Matt. 21:19.
  248. HEPH'ZIBAH, [h] (my delight is in
    her
    ), Hezekiah's queen, and mother of
    king Manasseh, 2 Kings 21:1.
  249. HEPHZIBAH, a name given by pro-
    phecy to the church in the latter days,
    expressive of the Divine approbation and
    complacency, Isa. 62:4.
  250. HERALD, a king's officer to proclaim
    his commands, Dan. 3:4.
  251. HERB, a vegetable, especially that
    which is food for man, Gen. 1:11, 29;
    Heb. 6:7.
  252. HERD, a company of cattle, Gen. 18:
    7; Exod. 10:9.
  253. HERDMAN, a keeper of cattle, Gen.
    13:7, 8.
  254. HERE, in this place, Gen. 19:12.
  255. HEREAFTER, in a future state or time,
    Matt. 26:64.
  256. HEREBY, by this thing or means, Gen.
    42:15; John 4:13.
  257. HEREIN, in this place or thing, Josh.
    15:8; Acts 24:16.
  258. HERESIES: this word, in the plural
    form, is thrice used, to denote erroneous
    or pernicious systems of opinions, 1 Cor.
    11:19; Gal. 5:20; 2 Pet. 2:1.   See SECT.
  259. HERESY: this word occurs only once
    in the English text, Acts 24:14: the
    Greek word properly signifies a choice,
    or thing chosen: hence it is rendered in
    every other text in the New Testament,
    sect, Acts 5:17; 15:5; 26:5; 28:22.
    The profane Jews called Christianity in
    contempt, a sect or heresy, Acts 24:5.
  260. HERETIC, one who propagates unsound
    or dangerous opinions, Tit. 3:10.
  261. HERETOFORE, formerly, hitherto, Exod.
    4:13; 2 Cor. 13:2.
  262. HEREUNTO, to this thing, 1 Pet. 2:21.
  263. HEREWITH, with this thing, Mal. 3:
    10.
  264. HERITAGE, an inheritance or estate,
    Exod. 6:8: the privileged condition of
    the godly, Psal. 61:5; Isa. 54:17.
  265. HER'MAS, [g] (gain or refuge), a
    Christian of some note at Rome, Rom.
    16:14.
  266. HER'MES, [g] (orator or interpreter),
    a noted Christian at Rome, Rom. 16:14.
  267. HERMOG'ENES, [g] (begotten of
    Mercury
    ), a false friend of the apostle
    Paul, 2 Tim. 1:15, supposed to have been
    an apostate from Christianity.
  268. HER'MON, [h] (anathema, destruction,
    or dedicated), a lofty summit on the
    south-eastern range of mount Lebanon,
    and on the east of Jordan: it was also
    called Sirion, Shenir, and Sion, or Sihon,
    Deut. 3:8, 9; 4:48.   Hermon, being
    elevated nearly 9000 feet above the level
    of the sea, was partly covered all the
    year with snow, which was carried for
    sale in the summer, as a luxury, to Tyre.
    The dews of Hermon were copious and
    refreshing in its fertile valleys, Psal.
    133:3.
  269. HER'MONITES, inhabitants of the fer-
    tile valleys around mount Hermon, Psal.
    42:6.
  270. HER'OD, [g] (the glory of the skin):
    three of this name are mentioned in the
    New Testament.
  271. HEROD THE GREAT, Matt. 2:12- 16,
    son of Antipater, an Idumean nobleman.
    Some say his father was a Jew; others
    that he was only a proselyte to Israel;
    and others, that he was a heathen, and
    guardian of the temple of Apollo at
    Askelon; that, having been made cap-
    tive by the Idumeans, he turned Jew.
    Antipater's talents and ambition pro-
    cured from Julius Cæsar his apppoint-
    ment as procurator of Judea, B.C. 47.
    Herod, while young, governed Galilee,
    which he cleared of banditti, and was
    appointed to succeed his father, being
    recommended by Hyrcanus, the high-
    priest, to Antony, the Roman triumvir.
    After much bloodshed, and while at
    Rome, he was declared king of Judea,
    and Augustus Cæsar, B.C. 30, confirmed
    his authority, which he maintained with
    great ability, but with horrid deeds of
    cruelty and blood.   He built several
    cities in Judea: and to secure the alle-
    giance of the Jews, he rebuilt their
    temple with extraordinary magnificence,
    Mark 13:1, 2; John 2:20.   Herod
    murdered his wife Marianne, and his
    sons Alexander and Aristobulus: but
    his character may be learned from his
    atrocious policy with respect to the chil-
    dren of Bethlehem.   He died at the age
    of seventy, soon after their murder,
    Matt. 2:16-22.   Herod left his kingdom
    to his son Archelaus; Gaulonitis, Tra-
    chonitis, and Balanea, to his son Philip;
    and Galilee, with Perea, to his son He-
    rod, Matt. 2:22; Luke 3:1.
  272. HEROD AN'TIPAS was a son of Herod
    the Great, tetrarch of Galilee and Perea,
    which was confirmed by Augustus Cæsar.
    His character was equally vile with that
    of his father: he divorced his own wife,
    and took Herodias, wife of his brother
    Philip, on account of which he was re-
    proved by John the Baptist.   He mur-
    dered
    that prophet of God, Matt. 14:1-
    12; Luke 9:9; and mocked Jesus, Luke
    23:7-12.   Herod, being charged with
    a conspiracy against Tiberius the empe-
    ror, was banished to Lyons, in France,
    where he died in misery, as also the
    daughter of Herodias.
  273. HEROD AGRIP'PA, nephew of Herod
    Antipas, and grandson of Herod the
    Great, being a son of Aristobulus, who
    was murdered by his father.   His grand-
    father sent him to be educated at Rome,
    where, by his expensive habits, he pro-
    voked the emperor Tiberius; but Anto-
    nia, the empress, lent him money to pay
    his debts.   He was imprisoned after-
    wards by Tiberius, on a charge of trea-
    son, but Caligula, succeeding to the
    imperial throne, released him, and pre-
    sented him with a diadem; appointing
    him king of Batanea, Trachonitus, and
    Abilene.   He murdered the apostle James,
    and intended the same cruelty for Peter;
    but he was delivered by miracle, as the
    Saviour had designed him for further
    service in the church, Acts 12:1-19.
    Herod died miserably by the judgments
    of God, ver. 20-23.
  274. HERO'DIANS, political partisans of
    Herod Antipas: they maintained the
    propriety of paying tribute to Cæsar,
    which was denied by the Pharisees, but
    they were also the enemies of Christ,
    Matt. 22:16-21; Mark 3:6.
  275. HERO'DIAS, [g], wife of Herod
    Philip, Matt. 14:3, who was her uncle;
    for she was a daughter of Aristobulus,
    son of Herod the Great, and sister of
    Herod Agrippa.   Her character corre-
    sponded with that of her family, as may
    be seen from her abandoning her hus-
    band, living with her other uncle, and
    requiring him to murder the holy Baptist,
    Mark 6:19, 24, 28.   Herodias and her
    daughter accompanied Herod Antipas in
    his banishment into France; where it is
    said that Salome, her daughter, walking
    over a river, fell through the ice, which
    closing, cut off her head, as the righteous
    visitation of God.
  276. HERO'DION, [g] (song of Juno, or
    conqueror of heroes), a kinsman of Paul at
    Rome, Rom. 16:11.
  277. HERON, a large wild fowl of the crane
    kind, that feeds on fishes, and is found
    near morasses and lakes, Lev. 12:19.
  278. HESH'BON, [h] (a number or invention),
    a famous city, the capital of the kingdom
    of Sihon, Num. 21:25, 26: it was situ-
    ated about twenty miles east of Jordan,
    Josh. 13:15-21.
  279. HETH, [h] (trembling or fear), the second
    son of Canaan, the son of Ham, Gen. 10:
    15.   Heth was the founder of the nation
    of the Hittites, 23:7-10; 25:9.
  280. HEW, to cut or carve, as wood or stone,
    1 Kings 5:6, 18; 1 Chron. 12:2.
  281. HEWERS, workmen who cut wood or
    stone, 1 Kings 5:15, 17, 18.   Joshua
    appointed the Gibeonites to such labours
    for the service of the Israelites and the
    tabernacle of God, Josh. 9:21, 23, 27.
  282. HEWN, cut down, as timber, Matt. 3:
    10: shaped, as stones, Isa. 9:10: sculp-
    tured, as pillars, Prov. 9:1; or a grave
    in a rock, Matt. 27:60.
  283. HEZEKI'AH, [h] (strong in the Lord),
    a pious king of Judah, son of Ahaz.
    His father left the kingdom in a most
    deplorable state of idolatry, heathenism,
    and misery, 2 Kings 16:2-4; 2 Chron.
    28:2-4, 22, 25: but a vigorous and
    scriptural
    reformation [revival] was effected by
    Hezekiah: he restored the worship of
    the temple, 29:2, and he extirpated
    idolatry from the land, and appointed
    the Levites to instruct the people, and
    administer justice among them, accord-
    ing to the laws of God, 30:26, 27; 31:
    1-4; 2 Kings 18:3-5.   Divine know-
    ledge was diffused through the land; and
    many copies of the Scriptures were made
    by order of the king
    , Prov. 25:1.
    Isaiah the prophet was probably the
    chief counseller of Hezekiah in this re-
    formation
    : but the whole history of his
    reign is exceedingly instructive.   See
    2 Kings 18; 20; 2 Chron. 29; 32;
    Isa. 36; 38.
  284. HEZ'RON, [h] (dart of joy, or division of
    the sun
    ), a son of Reuben, and head of a
    family, Gen. 46:9; Num. 26:6.
  285. HEZRON, son of Pharez, grandson of
    Judah, Gen. 46:12.
  286. HID, did hide or conceal, Gen. 3:8-10;
    Exod. 2:2, 12.
  287. HID, hidden or concealed, Job 3:21:
    not revealed, Eph. 3:9.
  288. HID'DEKEL, [h] (a sharp voice or sound),
    a river of Eden; and, as some suppose,
    the Tigris, called Hiddekel in Daniel,
    Gen. 2:14; Dan. 10:4.
  289. HIDDEN, concealed, Deut. 30:11:
    preserved as precious, Psal. 83:[3];
    Isa. 45:3: profound, as the wise pur-
    poses of God, 1 Cor. 3:7.
  290. HIDE, the skin of a beast, as of a bul-
    lock, Lev. 8:17.
  291. HIDE, to conceal, Gen. 18:17: to
    preserve in safety, Psal. 17:8.
  292. HIDING, concealing, Job 31:33: pro-
    tecting or preserving, Psal. 32:2.
  293. HI'EL, [h] (the life of God), a Bethelite,
    the second founder of the city of Jeri-
    cho, 1 Kings 16:34.
  294. HIERAP'OLIS, [g] (holy city), a city
    of Phrygia, near Colosse, where some
    persons had received the gospel by the
    ministry of the apostles, Col. 4:13.
  295. HIGGAI'ON, [h] (meditation), a note of
    emphasis, Psal. 9:16.
  296. HIGH, lofty, as high walls, Deut. 3:5,
    or a lofty temple, 1 Kings 9:8: elevated,
    as the stars of heaven, Job 22:12:
    dignified, as nobles, Psal. 49:2: power-
    ful for delivering, Exod. 14:8: famous,
    John 19:31.
  297. HIGH: MOST HIGH is a title especi-
    ally applied to Almighty God, as the
    self-existent Jehovah
    , Num. 24:16;
    Deut. 32:8; Acts 7:48.
  298. HIGHER, more elevated, as a building,
    2 Kings 15:35, as on a seat, Luke 14:
    10: more dignified, Heb. 7:26.
  299. HIGHEST, most elevated in place, Luke
    14:8, or degree, Matt. 21:9.
  300. HIGHLY, in a high degree, Luke 16:
    15: vehemently, Acts 12:3.
  301. HIGH-MINDED, arrogant or proud, Rom.
    11:20; 2 Tim. 5:13.
  302. HIGHNESS, majesty, Job 31:23; Isa.
    13:3.
  303. HIGH-PLACES.   See PLACES.
  304. HIGHWAY, the public road, Num. 20:
    17; Mark 7:66.
  305. HILKI'AH, [h] (God is my portion),
    the high-priest in the reign of king Jo-
    siah, 2 Kings 22:4, 8, 14.   He appears
    to have been a man of indifferent quali-
    fications for his office of priest, and even
    to have connived at the idolatry of the
    people, 23:4, 5, 24; 2 Chron. 34:3,
    4, 14, 25.
  306. HILKIAH, the father of the prophet
    Jeremiah, Jer. 1:1.
  307. HILL, a small mountain, 1 Kings 11:7;
    16:24.
  308. HIL'LEL, [h] (he that praises), father of
    Abdon, a judge of Israel, Judg. 12:13.
  309. HIM, that person, Gen. 41:13; Num.
    14:24.
  310. HIMSELF, that very person, 1 Kings
    19:4.
  311. HIN, a Hebrew liquid measure of about
    three pints.
  312. HIND, the female of deer, Job 39:
    1; Jer. 14:5.   See DEER.
  313. HINDER, the lower part, or part behind,
    2 Sam. 2:23.
  314. HINDER, to stop or impede, as on a
    journey, Gen. 24:5: to interrupt, as
    in a work, Neh. 4:8: to prevent, as the
    progress of the
    gospel, 1 Cor. 9:12.
  315. HINDERED, did hinder or prevent,
    Luke 11:52: did interrupt or harass,
    1 Thess. 2:18.
  316. HINDERED, interrupted or rendered
    vain, 1 Pet. 3:7.
  317. HINDMOST, the last or in the rear,
    Num. 2:31; Gen. 23:2.
  318. HINGES, joints for the easily opening
    of a door, 1 Kings 7:50.
  319. HIN'NOM, הנם (their riches), a valley
    south of Jerusalem, Josh. 15:8: this
    fertile vale became infamous as the chief
    seat of the idolatrous worship of Molech,
    2 Kings 23:10; 2 Chron. 28:3;
    33:6.   Children were burnt alive by
    their parents in honour of this abomina-
    tion, while their cries were drowned in
    the sounding of trumpets by the priests!
    This horrid place had constant fires
    burning, to consume the filth, the car-
    cases of animals, and the dead bodies of
    malefactors.   "Gehenna of fire," or the
    "Hinnom of fire," became, therefore, a
    fit designation of Hell, Mark 10:43, 45, 47.
    See
    HELL and MOLECH.
  320. HIP, the joint of the thigh: "hip and
    thigh"
    is a proverbial expression, Judg.
    15:8.
  321. HI'RAH, [h] (liberty or anger), a Ca-
    naanite of Adullam, a friend of Judah,
    Gen. 38:1-12.
  322. HI'RAM, [h] (exaltation of life), the
    king of Tyre, called HURAM, 2 Chron.
    2:3, a friend of David and of Solomon,
    1 Kings 5:1, 8, 10; 7:13.   Hiram sup-
    plied Solomon with timber for his build-
    ings at Jerusalem; and aided him in
    his maritime commerce, 9:27; 10:11-22.
  323. HIRAM, a skilful artificer, employed
    by Solomon in making the more difficult
    fixtures and furniture of the temple, 1
    Kings 7:13, 40.
  324. HIRE, wages for use, Exod. 22:15;
    or labour, 1 Kings 5:61; Luke 10:7.
  325. HIRE, to engage in service or labour
    for wages, Isa. 46:6; Matt. 20:1.
  326. HIRED, did hire for service or labour,
    as Balaam to execrate Israel, Deut.
    23:4; as a servant, Exod. 12:45; Mark
    1:20.
  327. HIRED, engaged for a price or rent,
    Acts 28:30.
  328. HIRELING, a hired labourer, Mal. 3:5.
    A hireling is supposed not to have any
    affection for his employer or his work:
    and hence a mercenary man is called a
    hireling, John 10:12, 13.
  329. HIRES, gifts of ornaments or furniture,
    presented to the priests for the idols by
    their worshippers, Mic. 1:7.
  330. HISS, to call, in allusion to the hissing
    of flies and bees, Isa. 7:18: so God
    would call enemies to plague idolators,
    5:26: to mock and ridicule, 1 Kings
    9:8.
  331. HISSING, an object of contempt.   To
    such a state did God bring polluted Jeru-
    salem and Babylon, Jer. 19:8; 51:37.
  332. HIT, to strike or pierce, as with an
    arrow, 1 Sam. 31:3.
  333. HITHER, to this place, Gen. 45:5;
    Acts 9:21.
  334. HITHERTO, to this time, place, or state,
    1 Sam. 7:12; Job 38:11.
  335. HIT'TITES, [h] (who are broken or who
    fear
    ), a tribe of the Canaanites, the poste-
    rity of Heth, Gen. 15:20; Exod. 3:8;
    Ezra 9:1.   See HETH.
  336. HI'VITES, [h] (wicked), a clan or tribe
    of the
    Canaanites: some dwelt in the
    north, near Hermon, Josh. 9:1; 11:3-5;
    but others in Gibeon, 11:19.

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