Bible Dictionary: Z.   1840

  1. ZA'BAD, [h] (fear, terror, or emotion),
    called Jozachar, 2 Kings 12:21, an officer
    at court, and one of the conspirators who
    killed Joash, king of Judah, 2 Chron.
  2. ZAB'DI, [h] (a portion or dowry), grand-
    father of Achan, and the chief of a family
    in the tribe of Judah, Josh. 7:1.
  3. ZABDI, one of the storekeepers of king
    David, 1 Chron. 27:27.
  4. ZAB'UD, [h] (portion or endowed), a
    favourite of king Solomon, 1 Kings 4:5.
  5. ZACCHE'US, Ζακχαιος (pure or clean),
    the chief collector of the Roman taxes
    at Jericho, at whose house our Saviour
    staid for the day when He passed through
    that town, Luke 19:1-10.   Jesus calling
    that notorious character, and the obedi-
    ence of Zaccheus, dedicating himself to
    the service of God in the ways of justice
    and holiness, deserve special attention,
    on account of the extraordinary circum-
    stances attending that dispensation of
    sovereign grace.
  6. ZACHARI'AH, [h] (memory of the Lord,
    or man of the Lord), a wicked king of
    Israel, who reigned only six months,
    being killed by Shallum, who seized the
    vacant throne: thus Divine providence
    accomplished the prediction regarding
    the race of Jehu, 2 Kings 15:8-12; 10:30.
  7. ZACHARIAS, the same as Zachariah, a
    pious priest, and the father of John the
    Baptist: his wife Elizabeth was worthy
    in her character of such a husband, and
    in honour of their faith and prayers they
    were blessed with being the parents of
    the herald of the Messiah, Luke 1:5, 25,
    57, 58.
  8. ZACHARIAS, son of Barachias, Matt.
    23:35.   See ZECHARIAH.
  9. ZA'DOK, [h] (just or justified), a high-
    priest of Israel, holding that office under
    king David and part of the reign of
    Solomon, having for his colleague Abia-
    thar, called also Ahimelech, of the house
    of Ithamar, Zadok being of the family
    of Eleazar, 2 Sam. 8:17; 1 Chron. 24:
    3; 1 Sam. 22:2; 1 Kings 1:1-8; 2:26,
    27; 4:4.   See AHITUB.
  10. ZADOK, the father of Jerusha the
    mother of Jotham, king of Judah,
    2 Kings 15:32, 33.   Zadok was a com-
    mon name among the Israelites, Neh. 3:
    4; Ezek. 40:46-48.
  11. ZAL'MON, [h] (his shade or his image),
    a high mountain near Shechem, abound-
    ing in timber, and sometimes covered
    with snow, Judg. 9:48: it is called
    Salmon, Psal. 68:14.
  12. ZALMUN'NA, [h] (shadow, image, or
    idol forbidden), a prince of the Midianites,
    who with Zeba, another chief of that
    people, was defeated and slain by
    Judg. 8:5, 21.   Their destruction be-
    came proverbial, Psal. 83:11.
  14. ZAPHNATH-PAANE'AH, [h] (a re-
    vealer of secrets
    , or he to whom secrets are
    ), a title of honour given to
    Joseph by Pharaoh, king of Egypt, Gen.
  15. ZA'RAH, [h] (east or brightness), a twin-
    born son of Tamar by Judah, Gen. 38:
    30; 46:12; Matt. 1:3.
  16. ZAR'EPHATH, [h] (of the blowers or
    narrows of swelling), a seaport town on
    the coast of the Mediterranean, midway
    between Tyre and Sidon: it is famous
    for the retreat here of the prophet
    Elijah, 1 Kings 17:9, 10, 24; Obad. 20;
    Luke 4:26.   See SAREPTA.
  17. ZEAL, ardour of mind: this may be a
    furious passion, as in king
    Jehu, 2 Kings
    10:16, and in the persecutor Saul, Phil.
    3:6; Acts 9:1; or it may be a holy
    concern for the honour of God, Psal.
    69:9; 2 Cor. 9:2; Col. 4:13.   God's
    zeal is His holy regard for His own
    , 2 Kings 19:31; Isa. 9:7; Ezek.
    5:13.   The Jews had a zeal for God,
    but it was superstitious, and regarded
    tradition more than truth, Rom. 10:2.
  18. ZEALOUS, ardent in mind, Num. 25:
    11-13; Acts 21:20; Rev. 3:19.
  19. ZEALOUSLY, ardently, devotedly, Gal.
    4:17, 18.
  20. ZE'BA, [h], or ZEBAH (victim, sacrifice,
    or immolation), one of the princes of the
    Midianites, slain by Gideon, Judg. 8:
    5-21.   See ZALMUNNA.
  21. ZEBADI'AH, [h] (portion of the Lord),
    an adherent of David in his persecutions,
    1 Chron. 12:7.   This was a common
    name in Israel, 1 Chron. 8:15, 17;
    26:2; Ezra 8:8.
  22. ZEB'EDEE, Ζεβεδαιος (liberal or munifi-
    ), a fisherman of
    Galilee, father of
    the apostles James and John, Matt. 4:
    2: his wife is believed to have been
    Salome, who attended Christ at His cruci-
    , Matt. 27:56; Mark 15:40; 16:1.
    See SALOME.
  23. ZEBO'IM [h] (deer or goats), one of the
    four polluted cities which was destroyed
    in the overthrow of Sodom, Gen. 14:2;
    19:24, 25; Deu. 29:23.
  24. ZE'BUL, [h] (habitation), a governor of
    Shechem, appointed by the usurper
    Ahimelech, Judg. 9:28, 30, 41.
  25. ZEB'ULUN, [h] (dwelling or habitation),
    the sixth son of
    Jacob, Gen. 30:19, 20;
    35:23.   Moses gives no record of
    particulars regarding the personal his-
    tory of Zebulun.
  26. ZEBULUN, TRIBE OF: Jacob in his
    dying benediction says, "Zebulun shall
    dwell at the haven of the sea, and he
    shall be for a haven of ships, and his
    border shall be unto Sidon,"
    Gen. 49:
    13.   This prediction was fulfilled in
    Zebulun, as his portion lay across the
    country from the sea of Galilee on the
    east, to the Mediterranean sea on the
    west, Josh. 19:10-16; Deut. 33:19;
    Isa. 9:1.   "Treasures hid in the sand"
    is supposed to refer to the discovery and
    working of glass, which was made from
    sand found at the mouth of the river
    Belus, near Acre.   This river was reck-
    oned within the limits of Zebulun, though
    Accho belonged to Asher, Judg. 1:31.
  27. ZECHARI'AH, as ZACHARIAH, one of
    the twelve minor
    prophets: he returned
    from captivity in Babylon with the
    prince Zerubbabel, and commenced his
    prophetical ministry about the same time
    as the prophet Haggai, with whom he
    laboured in encouraging the Jews to
    prosecute their work of rebuilding the
    temple, which he is supposed to have
    seen completed, Ezra 5:1, 2; Zech. 1:1.
  28. ZECHARIAH, BOOK OF: Zechariah's
    discourses are considered in two parts;
    the first including six chapters, which
    encourages by various instructions the
    Jews in the rebuilding of the temple;
    and the last eight chapters contain a
    series of prophecies chiefly regarding
    the ministry, death, and kingdom of
    Messiah.   See Zech. 9:9, 10; Matt. 21:
    5; Zech. 11:13; Matt. 26:14; 27:
    3, 10.   See Commentary.
  29. ZECHARIAH, a prince of the Reubenites,
    1 Chron. 5:7.
  30. ZECHARIAH, a Levite, and learned as
    a doctor, sent by king Jehoshaphat to
    teach the people the law of God, 2 Chron.
  31. ZECHARIAH, a faithful prophet of God,
    whom king
    Joash ordered to be put to
    death, on account of his fidelity in pro-
    testing against idolatry: this act of cru-
    elty was the more atrocious, as the
    prophet's father, Jehoiada, had been the
    preserver of the king's life in his infancy,
    2 Chron. 22:11, 12; 23:11; 24:1,
    2, 17, 20, 25.   Our Saviour is believed to
    refer to this guilty act "between the
    temple and the altar[,]"
    Matt. 23:35.
  32. ZEDEKI'AH, [h] (the justice of the Lord),
    the last king of Judah before the destruc-
    tion of Jerusalem and the captivity in
    Babylon.   He was a son of
    Josiah, and
    named Mattaniah; but his nephew Jehoi-
    achi[n] having been taken and carried
    captive by Nebuchadnezzar, he set him
    on the throne, changing his name to
    Zedekiah, 2 Kings 23:30, 31; 24:
    17-20.   Zedekiah committed all the crimes
    of his predecessors, and revolted against
    Nebuchadnezzar, who again besieged and
    took Jerusalem, and captured the king,
    whose children he slew before his face
    at Riblah, and carried him in chains to
    Babylon, 24:1, 7, 10; Jer. 32.
    39. 52.
  33. ZEDEKIAH, a false prophet of Samaria,
    by whom king Ahab was counselled to
    prosecute the war against the Syrians,
    1 Kings 22:11, 24.   Zedekiah was op-
    posed by the faithful prophet Micaiah,
    whose predictions were fulfilled, while
    Ahab was deluded to his ruin.
  34. ZEDEKIAH, a false prophet at Jeru-
    salem, who violently opposed the minis-
    try of Jeremiah: he is supposed to have
    been carried captive to Babylon, and
    there to have been put to death for some
    crime against the state, according to the
    prediction of Jeremiah,--"Zedekiah and
    ...Ahab, whom the king of Babylon roasted
    in the fire[,]"
    Jer. 29:21, 22.
  35. ZEEB, [h] (a wolf), a prince of the
    Midianites, defeated by Gideon and slain,
    Judg. 7:25.
  36. ZELO'PHEHAD, [h] (the shade, or the
    fear of being burnt
    ), a chief of a family
    in the tribe of Manasseh, whose five
    daughters obtained their father's inherit-
    ance, on condition of their marrying in
    their own tribe, Num. 26:33; 27:7;
  37. ZEL'OTES, Ζηλωτης (jealous or full of
    ), a surname of Simon the apostle,
    Luke 6:15.   See
  38. ZEL'ZAH, [h] (noontide), a town near
    Ramah, supposed to be the same as Zelah,
    Josh. 18:28; 1 Sam. 10:2; 2 Sam. 21:14.
  39. ZEMARA'IM, [h] (wool, sap, or succour),
    a city of the Benjamites near Bethel, so
    named from the Gemarite descending
    from Canaan, Josh. 18:22; 2 Chron.
    13:4; Gen. 10:18.
  40. ZE'NAS, Ζηνας (living), a doctor of Jew-
    ish law, supposed to have become a
    Christian, Tit. 3:13.
  41. ZEPHANI'AH, [h] (the secret of the Lord),
    one of the minor
    prophets, who flourished
    in the reign of Josiah, as appears, some
    years earlier than Jeremiah, Zeph. 1:1.
  42. ZEPHANIAH, BOOK OF: this short book
    was designed to denounce the judgments
    of God on the wicked Jews and the
    surrounding nations, to excite to
    , and to console the penitent.
    See Commentary.
  43. ZEPHANIAH, the second or assistant
    priest with Seraiah, 2 Kings 25:18.
    He was several times sent by king
    Zedekiah to consult Jeremiah on public
    matters, Jer. 21:1; 29:25-29; 37:
    3: but the prophet's counsel being re-
    jected, after the taking of Jerusalem,
    Zephaniah, Seraiah, and many others,
    were put to death at Riblah, by order
    of the king of Babylon, 2 Kings 25:18-
    21; Jer. 52:24.
  44. ZE'RAH, as Zarah, a son of Esau by
    Reul, Gen. 36:13, 33.
  45. ZERAH, a chief of a family in the
    tribe of Simeon, Num. 26:13.
  46. ZERAH, an Ethiopian prince, who
    invaded Judah with a vast army in the
    reign of king Asa, 2 Chron. 14:9, 13.
  47. ZE'RESH, [h] (dispersed inheritance, or
    crown of misery), the wife of Haman,
    whose malicious counsel remotely occa-
    sioned her husband to be hanged on his
    own gallows, Est. 5:10; 7:9, 10.
  48. ZERU'AH, [h] (aprons, wasp, or hornet),
    the mother of Jeroboam, the first king
    of the ten tribes of Israel, 1 Kings 11:
    26; 12:2, 20.
  49. ZERUB'BABEL, [h] (a stranger at
    ), a prince of Judah, who led back
    to Jerusalem the first company of the
    Jews from their captivity in Babylon,
    Ezra 2:2; 4:2; Hag. 1:1; Zech. 4:6.
    He is believed to have been the same
    person as Sheshbazzar, one being his
    Jewish and the other his Chaldean name,
    Ezra 1:8.   See SHESHBAZZAR.
  50. ZERUI'AH, [h] (tribulation of the Lord,
    or chains of the Lord), a sister of David,
    and mother of Joab, Abishai, and Asahel,
    2 Sam. 2:18; 1 Chron. 2:16.
  51. ZE'THAR, [h] (olive of vision, or olive of
    the turtle
    ), one of the seven chamberlains
    or eunuchs of king Ahasuerus, Est. 1:
  52. ZI'BA, [h] (army, fight, or strength), the
    steward of Mephibosheth, the son of
    Jonathan, the son of Saul: he was dis-
    tinguished for his crafty duplicity, by
    which he deceived David and injured
    his master, 2 Sam. 9:2, 12; 16:1, 4;
    19:17, 24, 30.
  53. ZIB'IAH, [h] (deer, honourable, or the
    Lord dwells
    ), wife of king Ahaziah, and
    mother of Jehoash, king of Judah, 2
    Kings 11:1, 2; 12:1.
  54. ZIB'EON, [h] (iniquity that dwells, or
    elevation), a Hivite chief, whose grand-
    daughter became wife to Esau, Gen.
  55. ZI'DON, a seaport of great fame, called
    Sidon, Isa. 23:2-4.   See SIDON.
  56. ZIDON, a son of Canaan, Gen. 10:15.
    See SIDON.
  57. ZIDO'NIANS, citizens of Zidon, Judg 10:
    12.   See SIDONIANS.
  58. ZIFF, the second month of the sacred
    year of the Israelites, 1 Kings 6:1, 37.
  59. ZIK'LAG, [h] (measure pressed down), a
    city in the south of Judah, but possessed
    for a long time by the Philistines, 1 Sam.
    27:6; 2 Sam. 4:10.
  60. ZIL'LAH, [h] (shadow, or tingling of the
    ), one of the two wives of Lamech,
    and mother of Tubal-Cain, Gen. 4:19,
  61. ZIL'PAH, [h] (distillation), Leah's maid,
    and secondary wife of Jacob, the mother
    of Gad and Asher, Gen. 30:9; 46:18.
  62. ZIM'RAN, [h] (song, singer, or vine), the
    eldest son of Abraham by Keturah, Gen.
  63. ZIM'RI, [h] (my field, my vine), a grand-
    son of Judah, 1 Chron. 2:6.
  64. ZIMRI, a young prince of the tribe of
    Simeon, who was slain with Cozbi, a
    Midianitess, in a daring act of wicked-
    ness during the plague of Baal-peor,
    Num. 25:14.
  65. ZIMRI, a general of Elah, king of
    Israel, whom he murdered, and usurped
    his throne, which he enjoyed only seven
    days, having set fire to his own palace
    in his frenzied guilt, 1 Kings 16:9,
  66. ZIN, [h] (buckler or coldness), a desert in
    the south of Idumea, Num. 13:21; Josh.
  67. ZI'ON, [h] (a tower, monument, or sepul-
    ), the highest hill in the city of Jebus,
    on which the royal palaces of Judah
    were erected by
    David, whence it was
    called the "city of David" in Jeru-
    .   Moriah, on which the temple of
    Solomon was built, was a part of the
    same elevation, or an adjoining mount,
    2 Sam. 5:7; 1 Kings 8:1; 2 Chron. 3:1.
    The temple itself, and the worshippers
    in it, sometimes have this name or title
    of Zion, Psal. 48:12; 69:35; Isa.
    1:27; Jer. 3:14; and it is frequently
    applied to the [people] of God, both on
    earth and in Heaven, Rom. 9:33; 11:26;
    Heb. 12:22 [city]; Rev. 14:1 [144,000].   Jerusalem
    having been several times laid in ruins,
    Zion must have lost some of its natural
    magnificense: still it retains much which
    interests the traveller.   Mr. Chateau-
    briand thus describes its recent appear-
    ance:--"Mount Sion, of a yellowish
    colour, and barren appearance, is open
    in form of a crescent towards Jerusalem.
    This sacred summit is distinguished by
    three monuments, or more properly by
    three ruins: the house of Caiaphas, the
    place where Christ celebrated his Last
    Supper, and the tomb or palace of David,
    From the top of the hill you see, to the
    south, the valley of Ben-Hinnom; beyond
    this the Field of Blood, purchased with
    the thirty pieces of silver given to Judas;
    the Hill of Evil Counsel, the tombs of
    the judges, and the whole desert towards
    Hebron and Bethlehem.   To the north
    the wall of Jerusalem, which passes over
    the top of Sion, intercepts the view of
    the city, the site of which gradually
    slopes from this place towards the valley
    of Jehoshaphat."
  68. ZIPH, [h] (this mouth or mouthful), a city
    of Judah, famed for its being the retreat
    of David, with its suburbs and wilder-
    ness, when pursued by Saul, Josh. 15:55;
    1 Sam. 23:14-26; 26:1.
  69. ZIP'POR, [h] (bird, crown, or desert),
    father of Balak, king of Moab, Num.
  70. ZIPPO'RAH, [h] (beauty or trumpet),
    daughter of
    Jethro of Midian, and wife
    of Moses, Exod. 2:15, 22.   Nothing par-
    ticular is recorded concerning her, ex-
    cepting what is said regarding their son
    Eliezer, 4:24-26.   Miriam and Aaron
    appear to have been jealous of her influ-
    ence over their brother, as on her account
    there arose some serious altercation
    between them and Moses, Num. 12:
    1, 2.
  71. ZO'AN, [h] (motion), a very ancient
    royal city of Egypt, situated near to the
    Mediterranean sea, called in Greek Tanis,
    Num. 13:22; Isa. 19:11; 30:1; Exod.
  72. ZO'AR, [h] (small or poor), a guilty city
    in the plain of Jordan, but spared at the
    prayer of Lot, Gen. 14:8; 19:22: it
    became of some note in subsequent ages,
    as it is referred to by the prophets,
    Isa. 15:5; Jer. 48:34.
  73. ZO'BAH, [h] (an army or warring), a
    royal city in part of Syria, having its
    king independently of another reigning at
    Damascus, 1 Sam. 14:47; 2 Sam. 8:3.
  74. ZO'HAR, [h] (white, shining, or dryness),
    a chief of the Hittites, Gen. 23:8.
  75. ZO'PHAR, [h] (rising early, or little bird),
    one of the sympathising friends of
    Job 2:11; 20:1; 42:9.
  76. ZOROB'ABEL, the same as Zerubbabel,
    Matt. 1:12; Luke 3:27.   See ZERUB-
  77. ZUPH, [h] (that beholds or watches, or
    covering), a head of a family in the tribe
    of Levi, ancestor of the prophet Samuel,
    1 Sam. 1:1; 9:5.
  78. ZUR, [h] (stone, rock, or that preaches),
    a prince of Midian, Num. 25:15;
  79. ZUR, a son of Jehiel at [Gibeon], 1 Chron.
  80. ZURISHAD'DAI, [h] (the Almighty is
    my strength
    ), the prince of the tribe of
    Simeon, when the Israelites came out of
    Egypt, Num. 1:6.
  81. ZU'ZIMS, [h] (posts of a door, splendour,
    or beauty), an ancient gigantic race of
    daring people dwelling east of Jordan:
    they were conquered by Chedorlaomer,
    Gen. 14:5.   These are supposed to be
    the same people as the Zamzummims,
    Deut. 2:10, 20.

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