Bible Dictionary: En.   1840

  1. ENABLED, made able or endowed,
    1 Tim. 1:12.
  2. ENCAMP, to fix tents for lodging, as
    an army, Exod. 14:2; 2 Sam. 12:28.
  3. ENCAMPED, did encamp, Exod. 18:
    5; 1 Sam. 11:1.
  4. ENCAMPED, lodged in tents, as an
    army of soldiers, 2 Sam. 11:11.
  5. ENCAMPING, lodging as in a camp,
    Exod. 14:9.
  6. ENCHANTER, an impostor in religion,
    who by pretended miracles deludes igno-
    rant people, especially superstitious idola-
    tors, Deut. 18:10; Jer. 27:9.
  7. ENCHANTMENTS, delusions, pretended
    miracles, Exod. 7:11, 22; 8:7, 18.
  8. ENCOUNTERED, did encounter, or meet
    as an opponent, Acts 17:18.
  9. ENCOURAGE, to incite or embolden,
    Deut. 1:38; 2 Sam. 11:25.
  10. ENCOURAGED, did encourage or ani-
    mate, Isa. 41:7: did console, 1 Sam.
  11. END, the extreme part, as of the
    mercy-seat, Exod. 25:19; or of a rod,
    Judg. 6:21: the termination, Gen. 6:
    13: the design or purpose, John 18:
    37: the result, Matt. 27:56.
  12. ENDAMAGE, to injure, Ezra 4:13.
  13. ENDANGER, to put to extreme hazard,
    Dan. 1:10.
  14. ENDANGERED, put in danger or hazard,
    Eccles. 10:9.
  15. ENDEAVOUR, to labour, 2 Pet. 1:15.
  16. ENDEAVOURED, did labour or strive,
    Acts 16:10.
  17. ENDEAVOURING, labouring, Eph. 4:3.
  18. ENDEAVOURS, attempts or labours,
    Psal. 28:4.
  19. ENDED, terminated, Gen. 2:2: closed,
    Jer. 8:20.
  20. ENDING, a title of Christ, indicating
    His eternity
    , Rev. 1:8.
  21. ENDLESS, without end, 1 Tim. 1:4:
    eternal, Heb. 7:16.
  22. EN'DOR, [h] (fountain of generation),
    a city near mount Tabor, famous as the
    residence of the witch who was consulted
    by king Saul, 1 Sam. 28:7.
  23. ENDOW, to enrich with a portion,
    Exod. 22:16.
  24. ENDUED, furnished with gifts or valu-
    able qualifications, 2 Chron. 2:12, 13;
    Luke 22:49.
  25. ENDURE, to bear, as on a journey,
    Gen. 33:13: to sustain labour, Exod.
    18:23; or suffering, Heb. 12:7: to con-
    tinue in faithful obedience, Matt. 10:22.
  26. ENDURED, did endure or bear, Rev.
    9:22; Heb. 6:15.
  27. ENDURING, bearing or sustaining,
    2 Cor. 1:6: remaining or continuing,
    Heb. 10:34.
  28. ENE'AS, [g] (laudable), a man at
    Lydda, who had been afflicted with palsy
    eight years, but who was miraculously
    healed by Peter in the name of Christ,
    Acts 9:32-35.
  29. EN-EGLA'IM, [h] (the fountain of
    the calves
    ), a town at the north end of the
    Dead sea, near En-gedi, Ezek. 47:10.
  30. ENEMY, one who hates and seeks to
    hurt or kill, Exod. 15:6.  
    Satan is the
    enemy of God and man
    , Matt. 13:25,
    39.   Wicked men are enemies of God
    and holiness
    , Acts 13:10; Jam. 4:4.
    God appears the enemy of wicked men
    by his afflictive dispensations, 1 Sam.
    28:16.   Death is represented as an
    enemy to the saints; but it will be de-
    stroyed, 1 Cor. 15:26.
  31. ENGAGED, did engage, bind, or devote,
    Jer. 30:21.
  32. EN'-GEDI, [h] (the fountain of the goat),
    a city not far from En-eglaim, called also
    Hazazon-tamar, Ezek. 47:10.
  33. ENGINES, instruments of war, 2 Chron.
    26:15; Ezek. 26:9.
  34. ENGRAFTED, implanted or deeply
    rooted, as the divine doctrine in the
    renewed mind, Jam. 1:21.
  35. ENGRAVE, to cut letters or figures on
    stone or metals, Exod. 28:11.
  36. ENGRAVEN, cut or carved on stone,
    2 Cor. 3:7.
  37. ENGRAVER, one who engraves, a
    sculptor, Exod. 28:11; 35:34, 35.
  38. ENGRAVINGS, words or figures en-
    graved on stone or metal, Exod. 28:
    11, 21, 36.   The art of engraving was
    practised at a very early period; and
    the perfection of it was given by divine
    inspiration, 31:1-6; 35:35.   The
    art of engraving diamonds, which seems
    to have been possessed by the workmen
    who made the tabernacle, is now un-
    known, 39:11-14.
  39. EN-HAKKORE, [h] (the well of him
    that cried
    ), a well or spring miraculously
    formed for Samson, Judg. 15:19.
  40. ENJOIN, to direct or require, Phil. 8.
  41. ENJOINED, ordered or commanded,
    Est. 9:31; Heb. 9:20.
  42. ENJOY, to possess with delight, Num.
    36:8; 1 Tim. 6:17: to feel with
    pleasure, Eccles. 2:1; Heb. 11:25.
  43. ENJOYED, did possess in rest, 2 Chron.
  44. ENLARGE, to extend, Deut. 12:20: to
    increase, Gen. 9:27; Job 12:23: to ex-
    pand, as of the heart, Psal. 119:23.
  45. ENLARGED, increased in size, Isa. 5:
    14: released or consoled, Psal. 4:1:
    expanded, as with delight, 2 Cor. 6:11.
  46. ENLARGEMENT, relief or deliverance,
    Est. 4:14.
  47. ENLARGING, an extension, Ezek. 41:7.
  48. ENLIGHTEN, to illuminate or allevi-
    ate, Psal. 18:28.
  49. ENLIGHTENED, did illuminate, Psal.
  50. ENLIGHTENED, illuminated, Job
    33:30; especially as the minds of
    Christians by the teaching of the Holy
    Spirit, Eph. 1:18; Heb 6:4.
  51. ENLIGHTENING, illuminating, Psal.
  52. ENMITY, bitter hatred, Gen. 3:15:
    the occasion of hatred, as the Levitical
    ceremonial was to the Gentiles against
    the Jews, Eph. [2]:15, 16.   The mind of
    man, uninfluenced by the power of heart-
    felt religion, is in a state of enmity against
    , Rom. 8:7.
  53. E'NOCH, [h] (dedicated), a son of Cain,
    who built a city which was called by his
    name, Gen. 4:17, 18.
  54. ENOCH, an antediluvian patriarch and
    prophet, eminent for the holiness of his
    life, and the faithfulness of his ministry:
    his controversy with the ungodly infidels
    of his day was terminated by his being
    translated to heaven without dying; an
    honour with which no one else has ever
    been distinguished except the prophet
    Elijah, Gen. 5:22-24; Heb. 11:5; Jude 14.
  55. E'NON, Αίνων (cloud), a place of many
    rivulets or streams near the river Jordan,
    John 3:23.
  56. E'NOS, [h] (mortal man), a son of Seth,
    about the time of whose birth the power
    of religion became publicly remarkable,
    Gen. 4:26.
  57. ENOUGH, sufficient as in quantity, Gen.
    24:25; or in degree, Exod. 9:28; or
    in time, Deut. 1:6; or in honour, Matt.
  58. ENQUIRE, to ask, Gen. 24:57: to
    search or investigate, Deut. 18:9; Job
    10:6: to consult God by his
    oracle, Exod.
    18:15: to pray, Psal. 27:4.
  59. ENQUIRED, did enquire, Judg. 20:27;
    1 Sam. 28:6: did consult with, Dan.
    1:20: did study, 1 Pet. 1:10.
  60. ENQUIRY, investigation, Prov. 20:25:
    a search by question, Acts 10:17.
  61. ENRICH, to make wealthy, 1 Sam. 17:
    25; Ezek. 27:33.
  62. ENRICHED, made affluent with tem-
    poral or spiritual endowments, 2 Cor. 9:
    11; 1 Cor. 1:5.
  63. EN-RO'GEL, [h] (the fuller's fountain),
    a well or pool at the foot of mount Zion,
    in Jerusalem, Josh. 15:7; 2 Sam. 17:
    17; 1 Kings 1:9.
  64. ENSAMPLE, an example, a pattern,
    Phil. 3:17; 1 Thess. 1:7; 1 Cor. 10:11.
  65. ENSIGN, a signal to attract attention,
    as the standard of an army, Isa. 18:3.
    Christ is the ensign to attract all nations,
    Isa. 5:26; 11:10.
  66. ENSNARED, deluded, deceived, Job
  67. ENSUE, to follow or practise diligently,
    1 Pet. 3:11.
  68. ENTANGLE, to perplex or confuse,
    Matt. 22:15; 2 Tim. 2:4.
  69. ENTANGLED, hedged around, as with
    mountains, Exod. 14:3: perplexed with
    ceremonial superstitions, Gal. 5:1.
  70. ENTER, to go within, Exod. 40:35.
    To "enter in at the strait gate[,]" and
    "into the kingdom of God[,]" is to
    the gospel for salvation, and so to become
    repentant, believing, and the sincere
    disciples and servants of Christ
    , Matt.
    7:13; John 3:5.
  71. ENTERED, did enter or go within,
    Gen. 7:13; Luke 1:40: did engage with,
    Jer. 34:10.
  72. ENTERED, gone within, Jer.37:
  73. ENTERING, the entrance, the place of
    entering, as into a city, Josh. 8:29; or
    of a house, Isa. 23:1; or of an apart-
    ment, 1 Kings 8:31.
  74. ENTERING, approaching to the inner
    part, as of a house, Acts 8:3; or to
    a privileged state, Heb. 9:1.
  75. ENTERPRISE, a hazardous undertaking,
    Job 5:12.
  76. ENTERTAIN, to receive hospitably,
    Heb. 13:2.
  77. ENTERTAINED, received hospitably,
    Heb. 13:2.
  78. ENTICE, craftily to persuade to what
    is dangerous or wicked, Deut. 13:6;
    Judg. 14:15; 2 Chron. 18:19, 20.
  79. ENTICED, persuaded or deluded, Job
    31:27; Jam. 1:14.
  80. ENTICING, fascinating or alluring, 1
    Cor. 2:4; Col. 2:4.
  81. ENTIRE, complete, Jam. 1:4.
  82. ENTRANCE, the place of entering, as
    into a city, Judg. 1:24: the act of enter-
    ing, as the apostles among a people,
    1 Thess. 2:1; or as the saints into Hea-
    ven, 2 Pet. 1:11.
  83. ENTREAT, to supplicate, Gen. 23:8:
    to pray, Exod. 8:8, 9: to behave to,
    Jer. 15:11.
  84. ENTREATED, did pray, Exod. 13:30:
    did entertain, Gen. 12:16: did behave
    to, Acts 27:3.
  85. ENTRIES, doors or passages, as to
    chambers, Ezek. 40:38.
  86. ENTRY, a door or passage, as to a
    house, 2 Kings 16:18; or city, Prov.
  87. ENVIED, did envy or hate, on account
    of success or happiness, Gen. 26:14;
  88. ENVIOUS, infected with envy, grieving
    at the success of others, as saints are
    tempted to be at the prosperity of wicked
    men, Psal. 73:3.
  89. ENVIRON, to surround or encompass
    for the purpose of besieging, Josh. 7:9.
  90. ENVY, grief or hatred at seeing the
    success of another, Prov. 14:30; Tit. 3:
    3; Jam. 4:3.
  91. ENVY, to hate or grieve at the success
    of another, Prov. 3:31; Isa. 11:13.
  92. ENVYINGS, emotion of the mind that
    envies, 2 Cor. 12:20; Gal. 5:21.
  93. EP'APHRAS, Έπαφρας (covered with foam),
    a faithful minister of Christ, and thought
    to have been the first bishop [pastor] of the
    Colossian church, by whom he was sent
    to visit the apostle Paul when a prisoner
    at Rome, Col. 1:7.
  94. EPAPHRODI'TUS, Έπαφροδιτος (agreeable
    or handsome), a messenger from the Phi-
    lippian Christians to the apostle Paul,
    when a prisoner at Rome, carrying from
    them pecuniary relief: he is thought to
    have been a bishop [pastor] or deacon of their
    church, Phil. 1:1; 4:18.
  95. EPEN'ETUS, Έπαινετος (worthy of praise),
    Paul's first convert to Christ in Greece,
    Rom. 16:5.
  96. E'PHAH, [h] (weary), a son of Midian,
    son of Abraham, Gen. 25:4.
  97. EPHAH, Caleb's concubine, 1 Chron.
  98. EPHAH, a tribe of Arabs, descended
    from Abraham, by Midian, Gen. 25:4;
    Isa. 60:6.
  99. EPHAH, a Hebrew measure of about
    seven gallons and two quarts, Exod. 16:
    3; Ezek. 45:11-14.   See MEASURE.
  100. E'PHES-DAM'MIN, [h] (the effusion
    of blood
    ), a place west of the Dead sea,
    where the Philistines were encamped
    when David slew their champion Goliath,
    1 Sam. 17:1: it is called Pas-dammim,
    1 Chron. 11:13.
  101. EPHESIANS, the people of Ephesus,
    Acts 19:28.   See EPHESUS.
    most instructive letter was written by
    the apostle Paul from Rome, to the
    Christian church at Ephesus, about A.D.
    61, to direct and encourage them in their
    course of constancy in faith and holy
    obedience.   This epistle is remarkable
    for its rich exhibition of the grand plat-
    form of evangelical doctrines, and for its
    forcible exhortations to the practice of
    universal holiness.   See Commentary.
  103. EPH'ESUS, Έφεσος (desirable), one of the
    most famous cities of Asia Minor, cele-
    brated for its splendid temple, 425 feet
    long, 220 broad, and its roof supported
    by 127 pillars 75 feet high: it was ac-
    counted one of the seven wonders of the
    world: it was dedicated to the fabulous
    goddess Diana, whose worship was at-
    tended with the grossest impurities,
    Acts 19.   Yet here the apostle Paul's
    ministry was effectual in gathering a
    flourishing church about A.D. 55, and he
    continued to labour among them more
    than three years, Acts 21:31.   John
    the apostle is believed to have finished
    his mortal course in this city: but the
    church declined, indications of which
    appeared in the days of the apostle for
    which they were reproved; and "the
    candlestick was removed"
    after religion
    had been corrupted, Rev. 2:1-7; and
    now Ephesus is a heap of ruins, near to
    which there appears only a wretched vil-
    lage named Aijasoluc, with only a few
    huts of miserable Turks and Greeks, none
    professing the name of Christ!
  104. EPHOD, a short upper garment of plain
    linen, resembling a gown without sleeves,
    worn by the Levitical priests, 1 Sam. 2:
    18: that for the high-priest was richly
    embroidered, Exod. 28:4, 31; 39:
    1, 2.   David wore an ephod on a solemn
    occasion, 2 Sam. 6:14.
  105. E'PHRAIM, [h] (that brings forth fruit,
    or that increases), the younger son of
    Joseph, born in Egypt, Gen. 41:52.
    Jacob, in blessing his sons, at his death,
    by a spirit of prophecy declared that
    Ephraim should be the more numerous
    as a family or tribe, 48:14-20.
  106. EPHRAIM, THE TRIBE OF: Ephraim
    had many sons, and his posterity mult-
    plied in Egypt, so as to become a nume-
    rous tribe, that the adult males, in the
    second year of their emancipation,
    amounted to 40,500.   Joshua gave this
    tribe their portion between the Jordan
    on the east, and the Mediterranean on
    the west; and after the division of the
    Israelites in the reign of Rehoboam, the
    kingdom of the ten tribes was frequently
    called Ephraim, especially as its capital
    was Samaria, Josh. 14:4; 16:5-10; Isa.
    7:2-9; 1 Kings 13:32; 16:22-24.
  107. EPHRAIM, a hilly district near Bethel,
    famous as the birthplace of the prophet
    Samuel, 1 Sam. 1:1-19.   See RAMAH.
  108. EPH'RATAH, [h] (abundance, or bear-
    ing fruit
    ), a name of the city Bethlehem,
    Mic. 5:2.
  109. EPH'RATH, the same as Ephratah,
    Gen. 35:19; Ruth 1:2.
  110. E'PHRON, [h] (dust), a Hittite chief,
    and friend of Abraham, Gen. 23:8-10.
  111. EPICUREANS, followers of the doctrines
    of Epicurus, an Athenian philosopher,
    who flourished about 300 years before
    the birth of Christ.   They denied the
    creation and providence of God, the
    resurrection of the body, and the immor-
    of the soul, holding that happiness
    consists in pleasure.   Some understood
    Epicurus to mean peace of mind, from
    the practice of virtue; but most con-
    sidered that he intended sensual enjoy-
    ments, Acts 17:18.
  112. EPISTLE, a letter communicating the
    mind of the writer: such are twenty-
    one of the books of the New Testament,
    inspired by the Holy Spirit, on occasion
    of the circumstances of the [early]
    churches, or of individuals, but designed
    for the edification of the people of God in
    all ages.   Some of the epistles are called
    "general," as they were not intended
    for a particular church, but generally for
    Christians.   Every believer is "a living
    epistle of Christ,"
    his personal holiness
    declaring his character, 2 Cor. 3:2-3.
  113. EQUAL, just or righteous, Ezek. 18:
    25: of the same nature, John 5:18; Phil.
    2:6: a companion, Psal. 55:13.
  114. EQUALITY, the same degree of rank
    or privilege, 2 Cor. 8:14.
  115. EQUALLY, in the same degree with
    another, Exod. 36:22.
  116. EQUITY, righteousness, justice, Psal.
    98:9; Mic. 3:9.
  117. ER, [h] (watch or weary), the eldest son
    of Judah, Gen. 38:7.
  118. ERAS'TUS, [g] (lovely or amiable),
    the city treasurer of Corinth,
    to Christianity by the ministry of the
    apostle Paul, Rom. 16:23; 2 Tim. 4:20.
  119. ERE, before, sooner than, Exod. 1:19.
  120. E'RECH, [h] (length), an ancient city
    of Chaldea, near Babylon, Gen. 10:10.
  121. ERECTED, did erect or place perpen-
    dicularly, Gen. 33:20.
  122. ERR, to wander, as from the paths of
    rectitude, Isa. 63:17, or from the doc-
    trines of divine truth, in the Scriptures,
    Matt. 22:29; Jam. 5:19.
  123. ERRAND, a message or commission,
    Gen. 24:33; 2 Kings 9:5.
  124. ERRED, wandered, as from the way of
    truth and holiness, 1 Sam. 26:21; 1 Tim.
  125. ERROR, a mistake, Eccles. 10:5: a sin,
    Jude 11; Psal. 19:12.
  126. E'SARHAD'DON, [h] (that binds joy,
    or Sargon), Isa. 20:1, son of Sennacherib,
    king of Assyria: he succeeded his father
    on the throne of Nineveh, and acquired
    Babylon, whither he carried Manasseh,
    king of Judah, captive, after he had
    conquered Jerusalem, 2 Kings 19:37;
    2 Chron. 33:11.
  127. E'SAU, [h] (he that does, or acts, or
    finishes), the elder son of
    Isaac, and twin-
    brother of Jacob, Gen. 25:25.   Esau
    appears to have been a profane malevo-
    lent man, by his selling his birthright,
    and purposing to kill his brother: but
    we know very little of his latter history
    or character, ver. 34; 27.; 35:29;
    36.; Heb. 12:16.   See EDOM.
  128. ESCAPE, to flee so as to avoid evil or
    danger, Gen. 19:17-20; Matt. 23:33.
  129. ESCAPED, did escape, Judg. 3:26:
    did avoid injury, Acts 27:44: did get
    away from, 2 Pet. 1:4.
  130. ESCAPING, the person or thing deli-
    vered from danger, Ezra 9:14.
  131. ESCHEW, to shun or avoid, Job 1:8.
  132. ESCHEWED, did eschew or avoid, Job
  133. ESH'BAAL, [h] (the fire of the idol),
    a son of king Saul, called also Ishbosheth,
    2 Sam. 2:8; 1 Chron. 8:33.   See
  134. ESH'COL, [h] (a bunch of grapes), an
    ally and friend of Abraham in
    Gen. 14:13-24.
  135. ESHCOL, VALLEY OF, a vale in Judah,
    near Hebron, so called because of the
    very large bunch of grapes which the
    spies cut down to carry to the people of
    Israel, Num. 13:23, 24.
  136. ESH'TAOL, [h] (strong woman), a city
    of Dan, where Samuel was born and
    buried, Judg. 13:25; 16:31.
  137. ESHTEM'OA, [h] (bosom of a woman),
    a city of Judah given to the priests, Josh.
  138. ESPECIALLY, chiefly, particularly, Acts
  139. ESPIED, did discover, Gen. 42:27.
  140. ESPOUSALS, the ceremonials of be-
    trothing a man and woman previously
    to marriage, Sol. Song 3:11: first en-
    gagements in self-dedication to the ser-
    vice of God, Jer. 2:2.
  141. ESPOUSED, engaged with joyful cere-
    monies in promise of marriage, Matt. 1:
    18; Luke 1:27.
  142. ESPY, to search or discover, Josh. 14:
    7: to question, Jer. 48:19.
  143. ESTABLISH, to fix or confirm as a
    covenant, Gen. 6:18; 9:9; 1 Sam. 1:23:
    to perform or accomplish a revealed
    purpose, Isa. 62:17: to strengthen and
    comfort in holiness, 1 Thess. 3:2, 13.
  144. ESTABLISHED, confirmed, Gen. 9:17:
    strengthened, 1 Kings 2:12, 44.
  145. ESTABLISHMENT, accomplishment, 2
    Chron. 32:1.
  146. ESTATE, condition in life, Est. 1:19;
    Eccles. 1:16: a nobleman, governor, or
    magistrate, Mark 6:21.
  147. ESTEEM, to care for, Job 36:19;
    41:27: to regard as excellent, Psal.
    119:128; or as worthy, 1 Thess. 5:13;
    or as justly punished, Isa. 53:4.
  148. ESTEEMED, regarded or estimated,
    1 Sam. 2:30; Luke 16:15.
  149. ESTEEMING, regarding or estimating,
    Heb. 11:26.
  150. ES'THER, [h] (secret or hidden), called
    Hadassah, Est. 2:1, a Jewish cap-
    tive, who was elevated to be queen to
    Ahasuerus, king of Persia, and whose
    history is recorded in the book of Esther.
  151. ESTHER, THE BOOK OF: this book
    records an extraordinary display of
    Divine providence, in the elevation of
    an orphan Jewess to be queen of Persia,
    and by her means to accomplish a great
    deliverance of the Jews from the san-
    guinary policy of the haughty prime-
    minister Haman.   This book is pecu-
    liarly valuable also for an illustration
    of the manners of the court and gov-
    ernment of the ancient Persians.   See
    See Commentary.
  152. ESTIMATE, to determine the value or
    fix the price of a thing, Lev. 27:14.
  153. ESTIMATION, the reputed value, Lev.
    5:15; 27:25.
  154. ESTRANGED, alienated, as persons,
    Job 19:13; Psal. 58:3; Ezek. 14:5;
    or things, Jer. 19:4.
  155. E'TAM, [h] (their bird), a precipitous
    mountain, situated in the tribe of Dan,
    Judg. 15:8.
  156. ETAM, a city of Judah, 2 Chron. 11:6.
  157. ETERNAL, everlasting, without begin-
    ning or ending, Deut. 33:27.   This
    word and everlasting, applied to God,
    denote a proper eternity:
    applied to a
    future life, whether of blessedness or of
    torment, they signify endless duration,
    Matt. 25:46; 2 Cor. 4:17.   Eternal,
    ever, and everlasting, sometimes denote
    only a long duration, according to the
    nature and continuance of the things
    under consideration, as the possession of
    Canaan by the posterity of Abraham
    Gen. 17:8, or of the throne of Israel by
    the house of David, 2 Sam. 7:16.   Infi-
    especially have objected to the ap-
    plication of this word to future punish-
    ments, urging that the Greek word does
    not signify a proper eternity: but it is
    replied that it is the strongest term in
    that language to express the idea of an
    eternal state, and that which is used to
    declare the happiness of the righteous,
    and the eternity of God.
    • Eternal.   See HELL.
    • Eternal Life.   See Tract.
  158. ETERNITY, duration without begin-
    ning or end, Isa. 57:15.
  159. E'THAM, [h] (their strength, or their
    ), an extensive desert around the
    western arm of the Red sea, Exod. 13:
    20; Num. 33:6-8.
  160. ETHAN, [h] (strong, or gift of the island),
    supposed to be
    Jeduthun, a chief musi-
    cian in the temple of Solomon, and
    famous for his extraordinary wisdom, 1
    Kings 4:31; 1 Chron. 2:6: he is believed
    to have written the eighty-ninth psalm,
    on occasion of the revolt of the ten tribes
    from Rehoboam.
  161. ETH'ANIM, [h] (strong, or valiant),
    the seventh Hebrew month of the sacred
    year, 1 Kings 8:2.
  162. ETHIO'PIA, [h], CUSH (blackness), a
    country in Arabia Felix, along the east-
    ern shore of the Red sea, and including
    the land of Midian: hence the wife of
    Moses is called an Ethiopian, Num. 12:
    1; Exod. 2:15-21; 2 Chron. 21:16.
  163. ETHIOPIA, a large country lying south
    and south-east of Egypt, along the
    western shore of the Red Sea, and now
    called Abyssinia, Acts 8:27; Nah.
  164. ETHIO'PIAN, [g], ÆTHIOPS (heat, or
    burning), a native of Ethiopia, Num. 12:
    1; Jer. 17:23; Dan. 11:43.
  165. EUBU'LUS, [g] (a good counseller),
    a companion or friend of the apostle
    Paul at Rome, 2 Tim. 4:21.
  166. EUNI'CE, [g] (good victory), a Jewess,
    the intelligent and pious mother of
    Timothy, but married to a Greek, 2 Tim.
    1:5; Acts 16:1.
  167. EUNUCH, an officer who served in the
    chambers in the palaces of the East, 2
    Kings 20:18; Acts 8:27.   Such offi-
    cers were commonly emasculated, to pre-
    vent jealousy, Matt. 19:12.
  168. EUO'DIAS, [g] (sweet scent), a female
    Christian at Philippi, Phil. 4:2.
  169. EUPHRA'TES, [h] (that makes fruit-
    ), Rev. 9:14, Heb. [h], PHRATH, Gen.
    2:14, the most celebrated river of western
    Asia, called the Great river, Gen. 15:18;
    Deut. 1:7: it rises in the mountains of
    Armenia, and, after flowing about 1840
    miles through many countries, falls, with
    the river Tigris, into the Persian gulf.
    Babylon was built upon the banks of
    the Euphrates.   See BABYLON.   The
    modern name of this river is almost as
    the Hebrew, Phrat or Epherat.
  170. EUROC'LYDON, [g] (a tempestuous
    ), a kind of whirlwind from the
    north-east, in the Mediterranean, now
    called a Levanter, Acts 27:14.
  171. EU'TYCHUS, Εύτυχος (happy or fortu-
    ), a young man at Troas restored to
    life by the power of Christ in the apostle
    Paul, Acts 20:9-12.
  172. EVANGELIST, Εύαγγελιστης (a messenger
    of good
    ), a title given to an early
    of the gospel, Acts 21:8; 2 Tim. 4:5.
    Evangelists, in the [early] church were
    extraordinary assistant missionaries, to
    aid the apostles in founding the churches
    of Christ, Eph. 4:11.   Philip, Timothy,
    Titus, Mark, Luke, Barnabas, and others,
    were of this class: but the title has been
    more particularly applied to Matthew,
    Mark, Luke, and John, as the writers of
    the four "Gospels."
  173. EVE, חוה (life), the first woman, and
    the original mother of all mankind, Gen.
    2:20, 25; 3:20; 4:1, 2: the brief his-
    tory of the creation, temptation, and
    transgression, of Eve are singularly in-
    structive; and though nothing is known
    concerning the period of the death of
    Eve, it has been presumed that she lived
    930 years, and closed her life about the
    same time as Adam.
  174. EVEN, the close of the day, Gen. 19:
    1: night, Deut. 28:67.
  175. EVEN, equal, Job 31:6: level, Psal.
    26:12; Luke 19:44.
  176. EVEN, certainly, 1 Kings 1:48; Ezek.
    20:11: that is, 2 Cor. 1:3; Phil. 2:8.
  177. EVENING, night, Gen. 1:58: the close
    of the day, the beginning of night, Josh.
    10:26; Acts 28:23.
  178. EVENING, relating to the evening,
    1 Kings 18:29; Zeph. 3:3.
  179. EVENT, an occurrence, a thing that
    happens, Eccles. 9:2, 3.
  180. EVEN-TIDE, the time of evening, Josh.
    8:29; Mark 11:11.
  181. EVER, at all times, Lev. 6:13: con-
    stantly, through life, 1 Kings 5:1: at
    any time, Job 4:7: eternally, 1 Thess.
    4:17.   "[F]or ever and ever" denotes
    eternally, but expressed with emphasis,
    Exod. 15:18; Rev. 11:15.   See
  182. EVERLASTING, perpetual, Gen. 17:8:
    eternal, Matt. 25:46; Jude 6.
  183. EVERMORE, perpetually, Deut. 28:
    29: eternally, Psal. 16:11; Rev. 1:18.
  184. EVERY, each one of all, Gen. 6:5;
    Phil. 4:21.
  185. EVIDENCE, manifest proof, Heb. 11:1:
    written memorials or records of proof,
    Jer. 32:10, 16, 44.
  186. EVIDENT, plain, apparent, Job 6:28;
    Phil. 1:28: clearly proved by evidence,
    Heb. 7:14, 15.
  187. EVIDENTLY, plainly, certainly, Acts
    10:3; Gen. 3:1.
  188. EVIL, calamity, Gen. 19:19; Amos
    wickedness, 1 Kings 16:23;
    Luke 6:45.
  189. EVIL, calamitous or sorrowful, Gen.
    47:9; Eccles. 12:1: wicked, Gen. 8:
    21; Matt. 12:35; 2 Kings 17:13.
  190. EVIL, badly, Exod. 5:22: oppressively,
    Acts 7:6: wickedly, 2 Pet. 2:2, 12.
  191. E'VIL-MERO'DACH, [h] (the fool of
    ), the son and successor of Ne-
    buchadnezzar, king of Babylon, and
    father of Belshazzar, 2 Kings 25:27-30;
    Jer. 52:31; Dan. 5:1-30.
  192. EWE, a female sheep, Gen. 21:28;
  193. EXACT, to demand with vigour, as
    lent money, Neh. 5:7; or taxes imposed,
    Luke 3:13; or undue labour from ser-
    vants, Isa. 58:3.
  194. EXACTED, did exact or demand, as
    money in payment of tribute, 2 Kings
    15:20; 23:35.
  195. EXACTION, tax, tribute, or demand,
    Neh. 10:31; Ezek. 45:9
  196. EXACTOR, a receiver of taxes, such
    were generally oppressive under the de-
    spotic governments of the East, Isa. 60:17.
  197. EXALT, to extol in praise, Exod. 15:2:
    to elevate to a higher station or dignity,
    Isa. 14:13; Dan. 11:36.
  198. EXALTED, elevated, honoured or dig-
    nified, Num. 24:7; Acts 2:33; Phil.
  199. EXAMINATION, judicial trial, Acts 25:
  200. EXAMINE, to observe and try carefully,
    Ezra 10:16: to question, 1 Cor. 9:3: to
    investigate, 2 Cor. 13:5.
  201. EXAMINED, questioned, Luke 23:14:
    interrogated with severity or torture, as
    by scourging, Acts 12:19; 22:24.
  202. EXAMINING, questioning judicially,
    Acts 24:8.
  203. EXCEED, to go beyond in anything,
    Deut. 25:3: to surpass, 2 Cor. 3:9;
    1 Kings 10:7.
  204. EXCEEDED, did exceed or surpass,
    1 Sam. 20:41; 1 Kings 10:23.
  205. EXCEEDING, surpassing, Gen. 15:1;
    1 Kings 4:29; Eph. 2:7.
  206. EXCEEDINGLY, very greatly, Gen. 7:
    19; Acts 16:20; Gal. 1:14.
  207. EXCEL, to surpass, as in good qualities,
    Psal. 103:20; or in endowments, 1 Cor.
    14:12: to exceed in riches or fame,
    Isa. 10:10.
  208. EXCELLED, did surpass, 1 Kings 4:30.
  209. EXCELLENCY, goodness, dignity, power,
    Gen. 49:3; Phil. 3:8: honour, glory,
    2 Cor. 4:7: grandeur or fame, as of a
    metropolis, Isa. 13:19.
  210. EXCELLENT, surpassing or eminent in
    good qualities, Psal. 8:1; 36:7:
    worthy, Prov. 12:26; Rom. 2:18: offi-
    cial, Acts 23:26.
  211. EXCEPT, unless, Gen. 31:42.
  212. EXCEPTED, exempted, not included,
    1 Cor. 15:27.
  213. EXCESS, intemperance, transgression,
    1 Pet. 4:3, 4.
  214. EXCHANGE, traffic by barter, one thing
    being given for another, Gen. 47:17;
    Matt. 16:26.
  215. EXCHANGE, to give one thing for
    another, Ezek. 48:14.
  216. EXCHANGERS, bankers: those who
    took in people's money to make a profit,
    allowing them a share of it, Matt. 25:27.
  217. EXCLUDE, to shut out or hinder, Gal.
  218. EXCLUDED, shut out, Rom. 3:27.
  219. EXCUSE, a reason for doing or not
    doing anything, Luke 14:18.
  220. EXCUSED, to throw off imputation by
    a feigned apology, 2 Cor. 12:9.
  221. EXCUSED, disengaged from obligation,
    Luke 14:18.
  222. EXCUSING, justifying or vindicating,
    Rom. 2:15.
  223. EXECRATION, a curse, an abomination,
    Jer. 42:18.
  224. EXECUTE, to perform, or put in act
    fully, Exod. 12:12; Jude 16: to admi-
    nister justice as a magistrate or judge,
    Deut. 10:18; Rom. 13:4.
  225. EXECUTED, did execute or perform,
    Luke 1:8; Psal. 106:30.
  226. EXECUTING, performing, 2 Kings 10:
    30; 2 Chron. 22:8.
  227. EXECUTION, performance, Est. 9:1.
  228. EXECUTIONER, he that puts criminals
    or prisoners to death at the command of
    a judge or a despot, Mark 6:27.
  229. EXEMPTED, excused or favoured,
    1 Kings 15:2.
  230. EXERCISE, use or activity, 1 Tim. 4:8.
  231. EXERCISE, to practise, Acts 24:16:
    to employ, Rev. 13:12.
  232. EXERCISED, employed, Eccles. 1:13;
    2 Pet. 2:14.
  233. EXHORT, kindly and earnestly to ad-
    vise, Acts 2:40; 1 Tim. 2:1; Heb. 3:13.
  234. EXHORTATION, the act of exhorting
    to good, Luke 3:18: consolatory advice,
    Acts 20:2: the word of gracious counsel
    in the Scriptures, Heb. 12:5.
  235. EXHORTED, did exhort, counsel, or
    encourage, Acts 11:23.
  236. EXHORTING, counselling or encourag-
    ing, Acts 14:22.
  237. EXILE, a person banished to a strange
    land, 2 Sam. 15:19; Isa. 51:14.
  238. EX'ODUS, Έζοδος (the going out or de-
    ), the title given to the second
    book in the Bible, as it details the
    departure of the Israelites from Egypt,
    and the particular organization of the
    church of Israel, under the special direc-
    tion of God, as their immediate sove-
    reign.   Exodus is a most instructive
    book, as it records the history of the
    persecutions of the Hebrews in Egypt,
    the birth, education, and conversion of
    Moses; his mission to Pharaoh, the
    plagues on the Egyptians; the deliver-
    ance of Israel, the passage through the
    Red sea; the miracle of the manna forty
    years; the giving of the law, and the con-
    struction of the tabernacle, with its sacred
    utensils; all of which deserve the serious
    regard of Christians.   Exodus includes
    the history of about 145 years, from the
    death of Joseph, to the celebration of
    the second passover, Num. 9:1-5.
  239. EXORCISTS, pretenders to expel evil
    spirits by using the name of God: some
    of these wickedly attempted this in the
    name of Christ, Acts 19:13.
  240. EXPECTATION, the prospect of some
    advantage or good hoped for, Psal. 62:
    10; Acts 12:11; Phil. 1:20.
  241. EXPECTED, desired or hoped for, Jer.
  242. EXPECTING, hoping, Acts 3:5: wait-
    ing for what is secured, Heb. 10:13.
  243. EXPEDIENT, suitable or profitable,
    John 11:50; 2 Cor. 12:1.
  244. EXPEL, to drive out or eject, Josh.
    23:5; Judg. 11:7.
  245. EXPELLED, did eject or drive out,
    Judg. 1:2; Acts 13:30.
  246. EXPENCES, costs or charges of work
    or business, Ezra 6:4-8.
  247. EXPERIENCE, knowledge gained by
    trial or practice, Gen. 30:27.
  248. EXPERIMENT, the trial of anything,
    2 Cor. 9:13.
  249. EXPERT, skilful by practice or experi-
    ence, 1 Chron. 12:33; Acts 26:3.
  250. EXPIRED, completed or brought to an
    end, Est. 1:5; Rev. 20:7.
  251. EXPLOITS, deeds of war, as some bold
    men recovered and defended Jerusalem,
    when the king of Assyria had abolished
    the worship of God in the temple, Dan.
  252. EXPOUND, to explain the meaning,
    Judg. 14:14.
  253. EXPOUNDED, did explain the meaning,
    as of a dream, or the Scriptures, Judg.
    14:19; Luke 24:27; Acts 18:26.
  254. EXPRESS, exact or perfectly like, Heb.
  255. EXPRESSED, marked or enrolled, 1
    Chron. 12:3; Ezra 8:20.
  256. EXPRESSLY, plainly or directly, 1 Sam.
    20:21; 1 Tim. 4:1.
  257. EXTEND, to stretch out, Psal. 109:12:
    to diffuse, Isa. 66:12.
  258. EXTENDED, stretched out or displayed,
    as in favourable circumstances, Ezra 7:
    28; 9:9.
  259. EXTINCT, put out or expended, as the
    past days of our life, Job 17:1: de-
    stroyed, as the terror of an invading
    army, Isa. 43:17.
  260. EXTOL, to praise highly, Psal. 145:1;
    Dan. 4:37.
  261. EXTOLLED, greatly honoured or cele-
    brated, Isa. 52:13.
  262. EXTORTION, excessive demands, or
    gaining by oppression, Ezek. 22:12:
    purposes of oppression, Matt. 23:25.
  263. EXTORTIONER, one who practises ex-
    tortion, 1 Cor. 5:11.
  264. EXTREME, the greatest degree, Deut.
  265. EXTREMITY, the utmost point, as of
    distress, Job 35:15.
  266. EYE, the organ of vision, Exod. 21:
    24-26.   Our perceptions and knowledge
    being principally by means of sight, eye,
    or eyes, is figuratively employed in many
    places to denote knowledge, understand-
    ing, regard, and watchfulness, Gen. 3:7;
    Deut. 16:19; 1 Kings 1:20.   "The eyes
    of the LORD"
    denote the omniscience of
    , Prov. 15:3.   "[S]ee[ing] eye to eye,"
    intends being perfectly agreed in opinion
    and judgment, Isa. 52:8.
  267. EYED, did eye or watch with suspicion,
    1 Sam. 18:9.
  268. EYED, pertaining to the eye, as tender
    or weak in the eyes, Gen. 29:17.
  269. EYELIDS, the membranes that shut
    over the eyes, used to denote sight, Job
    16:16; Psal. 11:4: day-break or sun-
    rising, Job 41:18.
  270. EYESALVE, God's word and promised
    grace to give illumination, Rev. 3:18.
  271. EYE-SERVICE, diligence of servants
    merely in the presence of their masters,
    Eph. 6:6.
  272. EZE'KIEL, [h] (the strength of God),
    a Jewish priest, carried captive with
    king Jehoiachim to Babylon, by
    , Ezek. 1:2; 2 Kings 24:
    8-16.   His prophetic ministry began in
    the fifth year of the captivity, and con-
    tinued, as is supposed, about twenty-one
    years, until about the year B.C. 575.
    Ezekiel is believed to have died a mar-
    tyr for the truth of God, while testifying
    against the idolatry and wickedness of
    the Jews in Chaldea.
  273. EZEKIEL, THE BOOK OF: this book of
    predictions confirms the truth of
    's ministry, for which purpose Eze-
    kiel was inspired and commissioned;
    and the whole is remarkable for the
    several descriptions of the prophet's
    visions, which indicated the events of
    Divine Providence in relation to the
    recovery of the Jews from captivity, the
    coming of Messiah, and the destruction
    of the enemies of Israel, the Ammonites,
    Edomites, &c.   See Commentary.
  274. E'ZION-GA'BER, [h] (the back-bone
    of the man
    ), a sea-port town in
    Arabia, on
    the eastern gulf of the Red sea, Deut. 2:8;
    1 Kings 9:26.   See ELATH.
  275. EZ'RA, [h] (a helper), a priest of great
    skill, piety, and zeal, but a captive in
    Persia after the first return of the Jews
    from Babylon: he was highly respected
    by the king
    Artaxerxes, who gave him
    a commission, with valuable presents of
    silver and gold, and letters of credit to
    a large amount, to return and prosecute
    the rebuilding of Jerusalem.   Ezra be-
    came, therefore, the leader of a new
    colony of the exiled Israelites to Canaan,
    and the chief reformer [revival] of the Jewish
    church after the captivity in Babylon,
    Ezra 7:1, 6, 12, 21, 25.   Ezra was
    divinely inspired to [read], [teach], and
    arrange the books of Scripture; and he
    established the preaching or expounding
    of the word of God, Neh. 8:1-8: he
    compiled the books of Chronicles, adding
    the history of his own times, which,
    some think, was finished by Nehemiah;
    but it is not improbable that Ezra sur-
    vived that pious governor, as it is sup-
    posed that he lived to the advanced age
    of 120 years, dying in Persia, on a journey
    to visit Artaxerxes.
  276. EZRA, THE BOOK OF: this valuable
    book relates the history of the Jews
    from their return to Jerusalem by the
    edict of
    Cyrus, to the time of its author,
    including notices of a period of nearly
    100 years: the latter four chapters record
    the appointment of Ezra to the govern-
    ment of Judea by Artaxerxes, king of
    Persia, and some particulars of the vari-
    ous beneficial reforms [revival] which he effected
    among the Jews, especially in connexion
    with the temple, at Jerusalem.
    See Commentary.

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