Bible Dictionary: D. 1840
- DAB'ERATH, [h] (word, thing, or bee), a
town in the plain of Jezreel, Josh. 19:12.
- DAGGER, a short sword hung from the
girdle, Judg. 3:16-22.
- DAGON, [h] (corn, or fish), the chief
idol god of the Philistines: he was re-
presented with the body of a man and
the tail of a fish, 1 Sam. 5:1-5. Some
suppose that he was originally intended
as a symbol of Noah, and of his miracu-
lous preservation in the deluge: but
others regard him as derived from the
idol Isis, the goddess of corn, as wor-
shipped by the Egyptians.
- DAILY, every day, Exod. 16:5; Luke
- DAINTIES, delicacies in food, Gen.
- DAINTY, delicate, rich, as food, Job
33:20; Rev. 18:14.
- DALE, a valley, Gen. 14:17; 2 Sam.
- DALMANU'THA, [g] (a buckle),
a town near Magdala, as is supposed, on
the western shore of the lake of Tiberias,
Mark 8:10; Matt. 15:39.
- DALMA'TIA, [g] (deceitful lamps),
a province of Illyricum, east of the gulf
of Venice, 2 Tim. 4:10.
- DAM, the mother of brutes, Exod. 22:
30; Deut. 22:7.
- DAMAGE, loss or injury, Ezra 4:22;
- DAMAS'CUS, [h], Gr. Δαμασκος (a sack
full of blood), the ancient capital of Syria,
supposed to be the oldest city existing
in the world: it is situated on the river
Barrady, and lies about 160 miles north-
east of Jerusalem, Gen. 15:2; 1 Kings
11:24; 15:18. Tradition says that Abel
was murdered here; and that Abraham
was king of Damascus: it is, however,
celebrated in the apostolic history for
the conversion of the apostle Paul, Acts
9:1-22. This city is now called De-
mesek, and contains a population of about
80,000, or, as some reckon, 150,000, mostly
Moh_mm_dans; but about 3000 are Jews,
and about 10,000 are of several denomi-
nations of professing Christians. Damas-
cus is a city of great trade, and therefore
important as a my. station, espe-
cially for the circulation of the Scrip-
tures through a vast district of Asia.
[...], rising above
the houses give a pleasing appearance
to the city of Damascus, as represented
in our engraving.
- DAMNABLE, deserving or leading to
damnation, 2 Pet. 2:1.
- DAMNATION, the state of condemna-
tion, or of the torments of the wicked,
in the world of evil spirits, Matt. 23:
[14, 33]; 25:; John 5:22: self-condemna-
tion, 1 Cor. 11:29.
- DAMNED, condemned, 2 Thess. 2:12.
- DAMSEL, a young woman, Gen. 24:
55; Matt. 14:11.
- DAN, [h] (judgment), the fifth son of
Jacob, Gen. 30:6: but little is recorded
of the character or history of Dan, 46:
23; 49:16, 17.
- DAN, THE TRIBE OF: it is remarkable
that though Dan had but one son before
he went down into Egypt, Gen. 46:23,
about 210 years afterwards it had 62,700
adult males, Num. 1:38, 39: this tribe
was located in Canaan, on the west of
Judah, Josh. 19:40; Judg. 18.
- DAN, a city at the northern extremity
of the land of Canaan, near the foot of
mount Lebanon, at the source of the river
Jordan, Gen. 14:14; Judg. 20:1; 1 Kings
- DANCE, a motion of one or more in
concert, Psal. 149:3; Jer. 31:13;
- DANCE, to put into lively motion, in
concert, Judg. 21:23; Job 21:11: to
leap or skip, Isa. 13:21.
- DANCING, the action of those who
dance, Exod. 32:19; Luke 15:25.
- DANDLED, fondled on the knee, as a
child, Isa. 66:12
- DANGER, hazard, peril, or risk, Matt.
5:22; Acts 19:27.
- DANGEROUS, hazardous, perilous, Acts
- DAN'IEL, [h] (judgment of God), a
Hebrew youth of the royal family, carried
captive to Babylon, where he was in-
spired as a prophet of God, and honoured
to be a chief councillor in the courts of
the kings, Nebuchadnezzar, Belshazzar,
Darius, and Cyrus. He was greatly
favoured by Cyrus, who, being shown by
him the prophecies of Isaiah and Jere-
miah, was induced to grant emancipa-
tion to the enslaved Jews, and to restore
the sacred vessels of the temple, Dan. 1:
6; 2:46-48; Ezra 1:1. Daniel foretold,
under the symbol of an image, many
things concerning the great monarchies
of Babylon, Persia, Greece, and Rome;
and the birth and death of Messiah, as
our Redeemer, and the final triumph of
Christianity, Dan. 7. to 12. See CYRUS.
- DANIEL, THE BOOK OF: this is the
most extraordinary of all the prophetic
writings in the Old Testament, as it con-
tains an epitome of the history of the
world and of the church of God under the
Jewish and Christian dispensations, from
the period in which the prophet lived to
the consummation of time; and he alone
of all the sacred writers foretold the exact
time of the coming of Christ. The for-
mer six chapters of the Book of Daniel
are historical, recording various circum-
stances regarding himself and the Jews
under several kings of Babylon: the
latter contain a series of prophecies con-
cerning the future condition of the Jews,
and of the surrounding nations, the
ministry and death of Messiah, to "make
reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring
in everlasting righteousness" for our
salvation, the conversion of the Jews to
Christ, and the general resurrection.
- DANIEL, a son of David, 1 Chron. 3:1.
- DANIEL, a son of Ithamar, Ezra 8:2.
- DARE, to venture, Job 41:10: to dis-
regard profession, 1 Cor. 6:1: to be
willing, Rom. 5:7: to be bold, 15:18.
- DARI'US, [h] (he that inquires), the
Median, the conqueror of Babylon, called
by the Greeks Cyaxares, brother to the
mother of Cyrus, who had been the com-
mander of his armies, and who succeeded
him in the thrones of Persia and Babylon
in the year B.C. 536, Dan. 5:31; 6:28.
- DARIUS, called also HYSTASPIS, was
chosen by the nobles to be king of Persia,
in the year B.C. 521, Hag. 1:1. He
favoured the Jews who had been greatly
hindered in their rebuilding of Jerusalem,
- DARIUS, called also CODOMANUS, was
a bold usurper, and last of the Persian
monarchs, Neh. 12:22: he was conquered
by Alexander the Great, in the year B.C.
332, and assassinated by his own nobles
at Ecbatane, while pursued by the Gre-
cian conqueror, Dan. 8:20-24.
- DARK, wanting light, as evening, Gen.
15:17; Josh. 2:5: obscure, as an ambi-
guous speech, Num. 12:8; Dan. 8:23:
unenlightened, pagan, Psal. 74:20:
calamitous, Ezek. 8:12.
- DARKEN, to make dark, Amos 8:9:
to obscure in statements, Job 38:2.
- DARKENED, made dark, as by dense
clouds, Exod. 10:15; Isa. 5:30: blinded,
Zech. 11:17: deceived, as by error and
sin, Rom. 1:21; Eph. 4:18.
- DARKISH, inclining to black in appear-
ance, Lev. 13:39.
- DARKLY, obscurely, 1 Cor. 13:12.
- DARKNESS, obscurity, wanting light,
as night, Gen. 1:2: a private place, Mark
10:27: ignorance and sin, John 3:19:
Hell, the place of terror and despair for
guilty souls, Matt. 22:13. Darkness
which might be felt, was the miraculous
night, perhaps by terrible fogs, for three
days, to punish the guilty Egyptians,
Exod. 10:21-23. The land of darkness,
is the grave, Job 10:21, 22. The power
of darkness, is the influence of ignorance,
sin, and Satan, Col. 1:13.
- DARLING, what is precious, as the soul
or life, Psal. 22:20.
- DART, a pointed weapon to be thrown
by the hand, Prov. 7:23; 2 Sam. 18:
14; an evil suggestion of a wicked spirit
to the mind, Eph. 6:16.
- DASH, to throw against anything, 2
- DASHED, thrown with violence, Exod.
15:6; Hos. 10:14.
- DATES, the fruit of the palm-tree, 2
Chron. 31:5: Marg. See PALM.
- DATHAN, [h] (laws or rites), a daring
conspirator with Korah and Abiram
against Moses and Aaron, Num. 16:1,
27. See ABIRAM.
- DAUBED, besmeared, as light plaster-
ing, Exod. 2:3: falsely taught, Ezek.
- DAUGHTER, a female child, Gen. 20:
12: the inhabitants of a city or country,
Zech. 2:7; 9:9.
- DAUGHTER-IN-LAW, a son's wife, Ruth
- DAVID, דויד (beloved), the youngest son
of Jesse, anointed while but a youth, by
the prophet Samuel, at the command of
God, to be king of Israel. David, as a
prophet and king, was an eminent type
of the Messiah, the great prophet and
king of his church, 1 Sam. 16:13; Acts
2:29, 30. David's eventful history is
necessary to be read by those who would
clearly understand the various language
in the Psalms, which have ever been
esteemed, when thus regarded, as most
instructive to Christians. See PSALMS.
- DAVID, a name given to Christ, as His
mission and ministry were foretold by
some of the prophets, He being raised up
in the family of David, Jer. 30:9; Ezek.
34:23; Hos. 3:5; Matt. 22:42-45;
Luke 1:32, 33.
- DAWN, to begin to grow light, Matt.
- DAWNING, the break of day, the begin-
ning of sun-rising, Josh. 6:15; Judg.
- DAY, the light, the period of the earth's
revolution round its axis, Gen. 1:5. The
Hebrews computed their day from the
evening, Lev. 23:32: the Persians
and Greeks from sunrise; the Arabians
from noon; but most nations from mid-
night. Day is used metaphorically, for
any particular time, Gen. 2:4: the gospel
dispensation, Heb. 3:11: in prophetic
language for a year, Ezek. 4:6; Dan. 9:
24; [a 24-hour day], Rev. 11:3 [3.5 years].
- Day. See Daniel's Prophecy.
- DAY OF THE LORD, the day of judg-
ment, 1 Thess. 5:2. The Lord's day, the
first day of the Jewish week, the Chris-
tian Sabbath, specially honoured by our
Saviour, 1 Cor. 16:2; Rev. 1:10.
- DAYSMAN, a mediator: our daysman
is the Lord our Redeemer, Job 9:33.
- DAY-SPRING, the dawn of morning,
Job 38:12: a title of John, given
by his inspired father, Zacharias, inti-
mating the speedy manifestation of the
Messiah, Luke 1:78.
- DAY-STAR, the morning star, an indi-
cation of approaching full redemption, 2
- DEACON, an official servant, a minister;
an officer chosen by a church to take
care of their charitable offerings for the
relief of the poor Christians: they are
required to be men of [important] religious
character, and large churches require
several of these gifted officers, Acts 6:
1-6; Phil. 1:1; 1 Tim. 3:8-12. Some sup-
pose there were deaconesses in the apost-
olic churches, as there certainly were
soon after the decease of the apostles,
[volunteered] to visit and relieve the sick
and poor female disciples, or Christian
travellers, especially those in prsion for
the gospel: they are thought to have
been widows of advanced age, and de-
noted by the "elder women[,]" 1 Tim. 5:
9. See PHEBE.
- DEAD, lifeless, Exod. 14:30: the state
of the dead, Rom. 8:11: one near
death, Gen. 20:3: declined from spiritual
activity and vigour, Rev. 3:1. Dead in
trespasses and sins, means alive to do
wickedly but alienated in heart from
the love of God, Eph. 2:, 2.
- DEADLY, mortal, 1 Sam. 5:11: poison-
ous, Mark 16:18.
- DEADNESS, want of vigour, decay,
- DEAF, unable to hear, destitute of the
sense of hearing, Exod. 4:11; Lev. 19:
14; Mark 7:32.
- Deaf. See Ministry.
- DEAL, a part: a tenth deal was an
omer, six pints and nearly a quarter, or
the tenth part of an ephah, Exod. 29:
- DEAL, to act in any intercourse, Gen.
19:9; 24:49; Dan. 1:13; Heb. 12:7:
to transact business, 2 Chron. 2:3.
- DEALER, an actor in any business, Isa.
- DEALING, acting or [business], 1 Sam.
2:23; John 4:9.
- DEALT, did deal or act, Gen. 16:6:
consulted, 2 Chron. 6:37: dispensed,
- DEAR, beloved, Luke 7:2; Eph. 5:1:
of high estimation, Acts 20:24.
- DEARLY, very much esteemed, Jer.
12:7; 1 Cor. 10:14.
- DEARTH, scarcity of food, famine,
Gen. 41:54; Acts 11:28.
- DEATH, extinction of human life, Gen.
25:11: the separation of the soul from
the body is natural or temporal death,
Mark 5:23: alienation of the heart from
God, as in all irreligious persons, is
spiritual death, Rom. 8:6; Eph. 4:18:
banishment from God in torment, is
eternal death, the second death, Rev. 20:
11. All these are the awful consequences
of sin, Gen. 2:17; Rom. 5:12. Victory
over death is possessed by faith in Christ,
1 Cor. 15:51-57.
- DEBASE, to make vile or base, Isa.
- DEBATE, a dispute or contention, Isa.
58:4; 2 Cor. 12:20.
- DEBATE, to argue, Prov. 25:9: to
examine, Isa. 27:8.
- DEBIR, [h] (oracle, or discourse), a king
of Eglon, slain by Joshua, Josh. 10:3, 26.
- DEB'ORAH, [h] (a word, or a bee), a
faithful and beloved domestic, who ac-
companied Rebekah from Padan-aram,
as her nurse, when she was married to
Isaac; her funeral indicated the respect
in which the family held her character,
Gen. 24:59; 35:8.
- DEBORAH, a celebrated prophetess
and judge in Israel: her exploits with
Barak, and her inspired song, have ren-
dered her name famous, Judg. 4. 5.
- DEBT, what one owes to another, 2
Kings 4:7. Sin is represented as a debt,
in the failure of the duty which we owe
to God, Matt. 6:12.
- DEBTOR, one who owes anything to
another, as a debt, Luke 7:41, or a
kindness, Rom. 15:27. Believers are
not debtors, as owing anything to the
flesh, so as to indulge its corrupt unholy
desires, Rom. 8:12.
- DECAPOLIS, [g] (ten cities), a pro-
vince with ten cities north-east of the
sea of Tiberias, and so named from its
cities, Matt. 4:25.
- DECAY, to decline, as a person in pro-
perty becoming poor, Lev. 25:35; as
a building, in its strength, becoming old,
Eccles. 10:18; as ceremonies in regard
of their utility, Heb. 8:13.
- DECAYED, become weakened, Neh. 4:
10: dilapidated, Isa. 44:26.
- DECEASE, death, departure from life,
Luke 9:31; 2 Pet. 1:15.
- DECEASED, did die, Matt. 22:25.
- DECEASED, dead, Isa. 26:16.
- DECEIT, fraud, artifice, Rom. 1:29.
- DECEITFUL, full of deceit, artifice, or
fraud, Psal. 5:6; 2 Cor. 11:13.
- DECEITFULLY, fraudulently, Gen.
34:13; Dan. 11:23.
- DECEITFULNESS, power or tendency
to deceive, Matt. 13:22; Heb. 3:13.
- DECEIVABLENESS, liability to be de-
ceived, 2 Thess. 2:10.
- DECEIVE, to beguile or cheat, Jer. 9:
5; 29:8; Eph. 4:14.
- DECEIVED, did deceive, or beguile, 2
Sam. 19:26; Rev. 19:20: did disap-
point, Lam. 1:19.
- DECEIVED, cheated, Gen. 31:7:
disappointed, Jer. 20:7: given up to
delusions, as a wicked teacher, Ezek.
14:9: mistaken or deluded, Isa. 19:13;
- DECEIVER, one who deceives, a de-
frauder, Gen. 27:12; Job 12:16.
- DECEIVING, deluding, 2 Tim. 3:13;
- DECENTLY, suitably in manner, 1 Cor.
- DECIDED, determined, 1 Kings 20:
- DECISION, termination of an event,
- DECK, to adorn, Jer. 10:4; Ezek. 16:
- DECKED, did adorn, Ezek. 16:11.
- DECKED, adorned, Prov. 7:16; Rev.
- DECLARATION, a publication, Esth. 10:
2: a statement, Luke 1:1.
- DECLARE, to tell or publish, Josh. 20:
4; Isa. 21:4: to explain, Matt. 13:36:
to intimate or profess, Heb. 11:14: to
manifest, Psal. 19:1.
- DECLARED, did declare, tell, or pub-
lish, Lev. 23:44; Luke 8:47; Acts
- DECLARED, told or published, Num.
15:34: manifested or proved, Rom. 1:4:
evinced, 2 Cor. 3:3.
- DECLARING, publishing, Acts 15:3-
- DECLINE, to lean downward, as from
equity in judgment, Exod. 23:2; Deut.
17:11; of from the purity of religion
in holiness, Psal. 119:157; Prov. 4:5.
- DECLINED, deviated, 2 Chron. 34:
2; Job 23:11.
- DECREASE, to become less, Psal. 107:
38; John 3:30.
- DECREASED, became less, Gen. 8:5.
- DECREE, an edict or law of a king or
emperor, Dan. 6:8; Ezra 5:13; Luke 2:
1: the irreversible counsel and deter-
mination of God, Dan. 4:24, or his ap-
pointment, Prov. 8:22.
- DECREED, determined, Esth. 2:1: ap-
pointed, Job 38:10: purposed, 1
- DECREES, laws, Acts 17:7: the
decisions of the apostles and the Chris-
tian church at Jerusalem respecting free-
dom from the Jewish ceremonies, Acts
15:4, 23, 28; 16:4.
- DEDAN, [h] (their friendship, or a judge),
a grandson of Cush, Gen. 10:7.
- DEDAN, a grandson of Abraham by
his wife Keturah, Gen. 25:2, 3; 1
- DEDA'NIM, Arabs, descendants of the
above-named patriarchs, Isa. 21:13.
- DEDICATE, to devote to a special or
sacred use, Deut. 20:5; 2 Sam. 8:11;
2 Chron. 2:4.
- DEDICATED, devoted to a sacred use,
1 Kings 7:51; 15:15; Heb. 9:18.
- DEDICATING, devoting to a sacred use,
Num. 7:10, 11.
- DEDICATION, the act of devoting a
thing to a sacred use, Ezra 6:16, 17;
- DEDICATION, FEAST OF THE: this
feast was observed at Jerusalem, for eight
days annually, to commemorate the
restoration of the second temple after it
had been almost destroyed by Antiochus
Epiphanes, king of Syria, in the year
- DEED, an action, especially such as
is likely to affect society, Gen. 20:9;
44:15: conduct or behaviour in life,
1 John 3:18.
- DEEDS, practices in life, John 3:19;
- DEEMED, supposed, Acts 27:27.
- DEEP, the universal mass of waters,
Gen. 1:2: the sea, Psal. 107:24: Hell,
Luke 8:31; Rev. 20:3.
- DEEP, having length downwards, as a
well, John 4:11: secret, as the thoughts
of men, Psal. 64:6: the infinite purposes
of God, 92:5: extreme, as poverty, 2
Cor. 8:2. Deep things of God, His holy
purposes of mercy and grace to men, or
the sublime doctrines of the gospel, 1
- DEEPER, having greater depth, Job
11:5: more strange, Isa. 33:19.
- DEEPLY, inwardly, sorrowfully, Mark
12: extensively, Isa. 31:6; Hos 9:9.
- DEEPNESS, depth, thickness below,
- DEER, well-known forest animals of
several species, as the stag, roebuck, and
fallow deer, Deut. 14:5.
- DEFAMED, dishonoured, 1 Cor. 4:13.
- DEFAMING, slandering or threatening,
- DEFEAT, to frustrate or overthrow,
2 Sam. 15:34.
- DEFENCE, protection, Num. 14:9;
Job 22:25: vindication, Acts 22:1.
- DEFENCED, fortified, as a city with
walls and towers, Isa. 36:1.
- DEFEND, to protect, 2 Kings 19:34;
- DEFENDED, protected or supported,
- DEFENDING, protecting, Isa. 31:5.
- DEFER, to delay or put off for a time,
Eccles. 5:4; Dan. 9:19.
- DEFERRED, did delay, Acts 24:22.
- DEFIED, did defy, challenge, or insult,
1 Sam. 17:36.
- DEFILE, to render unclean ceremoni-
ally, as by forbidden food, Lev. 22:8;
Dan. 1:8; or morally, by any sin, as
fornication, Lev. 18:20; or idolatry,
Ezek. 20:7; 22:3; or impure, profane
conversation, Jam. 3:6.
- DEFILED, did defile or corrupt, as by
violating chastity, Gen. 34:2; or by
idolatry, Jer. 3:9: did demolish, as the
idolatrous places, 2 Kings 23:8.
- DEFILED, corrupted, as by whoredom,
Hos. 6:10; by cruelty and murder, Isa.
59:3; by idolatrous practices, Lev. 18:
18, 24: ceremonially unclean, as by un-
washen hands, Mark 7:2: wounded or
distressed in mind, through ignorance
and superstitious fear, 1 Cor. 8:7.
- DEFRAUD, to rob or deprive by deceit,
Lev. 19:13; 1 Thess. 4:6.
- DEFRAUDED, robbed by deceit, 1 Sam.
12:3; 1 Cor. 6:7.
- DEFY, to challenge insultingly, 1 Sam.
- DEGENERATE, become base or worth-
less, Jer. 2:21.
- DEGREE, rank or elevation in office,
1 Chron. 15:18; 1 Tim. 3:13; or station
in life, Psal. 62:9.
- DEGREES, PSALMS OF: they are so
called on account of their excellency,--
they were sung with an elevated voice,
and they were used by the Jews on their
emancipation from captivity in Babylon,
as they went up by degrees, resting at
several stations on their way to Jeru-
salem, Psal. 120. 134.
- DELAY, a hindrance, Acts 25:17.
- DELAY, to put off or hinder, Exod.
22:29; Acts 9:38.
- DELAYED, did hinder or postpone,
- DELECTABLE, most pleasurable, Isa.
- DELICACIES, niceties in food, luxuries,
- DELICATE, fine, nice, or ceremonious
in manners, Deut. 28:54, 56.
- DELICATELY, politely, ceremoniously,
1 Sam. 15:32; Luke 7:25.
- DELICATENESS, the state of being
delicate, Deut. 28:56.
- DELICATES, luxuries, Jer. 51:34.
- DELICIOUSLY, most luxuriously, Rev.
- DELIGHT, pleasure or satisfaction,
Deut. 10:5; Isa. 58:2, 13.
- DELIGHT, to take great pleasure, Num.
14:8; Rom. 7:22.
- DELIGHTED, did delight or have great
pleasure, 1 Sam. 19:2; Isa. 65:12.
- DELIGHTSOME, pleasant, delightful,
- DELILAH, [h] (poor, or head of hair),
a base woman, who was beloved by
Samson, who, as some suppose, married
her: but while he sacrificed his duty,
honour, and interest, to her beauty, she
betrayed him for a reward to his enemies
the Philistines, Judg. 16:4-16.
- DELIVER, to give into one's hand,
Gen. 40:13: to give up as made or
complete, Exod. 5:18: to recover from
slavery, 3:8: to preserve from an
enemy, Gen. 32:11: to free from
evils, 2 Cor. 1:10; Heb. 2:15.
- DELIVERANCE, a rescue from distress,
Gen. 45:7; or from danger, 1 Chron.
11:14: recovery from sin and misery, as
by Christ, Luke 4:18.
- DELIVERED, did deliver, Gen. 14:20:
did rescue, Exod. 12:27; 2 Pet. 2:7:
did preserve, Dan. 3:28: did give up,
as a letter, Acts 15:30, or a prisoner,
- DELIVERED, given up, as property,
Gen. 9:2; as enemies, Judg. 8:7:
rescued, Exod. 18:10: preserved,
Dan. 6:27: committed or intrusted,
- DELIVERER, one who delivers, a pro-
tector, Judg. 3:7: a liberator, Acts 7:
35: the Redeemer, Rom. 11:26.
- DELIVERING, giving up, Luke 21:12:
preserving, Acts 26:17.
- DELIVERY, relief, as from the pains of
child-birth, Isa. 26:17.
- DELUSION, error from the influence of
sin and Satan, Isa. 66:4; 2 Thess. 2:11.
- DEMAND, a claim, Dan. 4:17.
- DEMAND, to ask or require, Job
- DEMANDED, did inquire, Exod. 5:14;
- DEMAS, Δημας (popular), a professor of
the gospel who became an apostate by
the influence of riches, 2 Tim. 4:10.
- DEMETRIUS, Δημητριος (belonging to
Ceres or to corn), an idolatrous silversmith,
who carried on a lucrative trade, in
manufacturing models of the temple of
Diana at Ephesus, Acts 19:24.
- DEMETRIUS, an [important] Christian
commended by the apostle John, 3 John
12. Some suppose that he was the same
person, as the silversmith, who had op-
posed the ministry of Paul about thirty
years before, but had become converted
to God by the preaching of John.
- DEMONSTRATION, the highest degree
of evidence, 1 Cor. 2:14.
- DEN, a cavern in the earth, the retreat
of wild beasts, Psal. 10:9; Isa. 11:8: a
resort of evil persons, Jer. 7:11. Hypo-
crisy and worldly gain influenced the
Jews to profane the temple, for which
Christ reproved them as making it
"a den of thieves," Matt. 21:13.
- DENIED, did deny, Gen. 18:15: did
reject or refuse, Acts 3:13, 14.
- DENIED, disowned, Luke 12:9.
- DENOUNCE, to threaten, or admonish
with threatening, Deut. 30:18.
- DENY, to disown, Josh. 24:27: to
refuse, 1 Kings 2:16.
- DENYING, disowning, by rejecting
what is essential, Jude 4: disallowing
and opposing, Tit. 2:12.
- DEPART, to go from a place, Gen. 13:
9; Acts 20:7: to cease or become ex-
tinct, Gen. 49:10: to die, Phil. 1:23.
- DEPARTED, did go or went away,
Gen. 12:4: did go from, Acts 5:41.
- DEPARTING, going away, Exod. 16:1:
dying, Gen. 35:18.
- DEPARTURE, removal, Ezek. 26:18:
decease, 2 Tim. 4:6.
- DEPOSED, put down or degraded as
from a throne, Dan. 5:20.
- DEPRIVED, bereaved, Gen. 27:45:
debarred, Isa. 38:10: not given,
- DEPTH, deepness, as the sea, Exod.
15:5, 8; Job 28:14; or of soil, Mark
4:5: trouble, Rom. 8:39; Psal. 130:
1: the perfections of God, Rom. 11:3;
Eph. 3:18: the dangerous wiles of the
devil, Rev. 2:24.
- DEPUTED, appointed, as to an office,
2 Sam. 15:3.
- DEPUTIES, governors of provinces,
Est. 8:9: judges, deputed to office,
- DEPUTY, a provincial governor, 1 Kings
22:47; Acts 13:7, 8.
- DERBE, Δερβη (a sting), a city of Lycao-
nia, in Asia Minor, Acts 14:6.
- DERIDE, to ridicule, Hab. 1:10.
- DERIDED, did ridicule, Luke 16:14;
- DERISION, ridicule, Job 30:1: mock-
ery, Jer. 20:7.
- DESCEND, to incline, as a boundary of
lands, Num. 34:11: to come down,
- DESCENDED, did descend, as rain,
Matt. 7:25; or as from a mountain,
Josh. 2:23; or from the capital to a
provincial city, Acts 24:1.
- DESCENT, a declivity of a hill, Luke
19:37: birth or pedigree, Heb. 7:36.
- DESCRIBE, to mark, Josh. 18:4: to
express, Rom. 4:6.
- DESCRIBED, did describe or mark,
- DESCRIPTION, a written plan, Josh.
- DESCRY, to survey or explore, Judg. 1:
- DESERT, a wilderness, a barren or
uncultivated tract of country, Exod. 3:
1; 19:21. Several of these are noted
in the Scriptures, besides those of Shur,
Zin, Sinai, and Paran, in Arabia, so
famous for the sojourning of the children
of Israel after their emancipation from
Egypt, Exod. 15. 16. Num. 20. 30.
- DESERT, merit, what is deserved,
Psal. 28:4; Ezek. 7:27.
- DESERVE, to merit, as of punishment,
Ezra 9:13; Job 11:6.
- DESERVING, desert or personal merit,
- DESIRABLE, pleasing, engaging in
manners, Ezek. 23:6.
- DESIRE, wishing or longing, 1 Sam.
23:20: prayer, Psal. 145:19: love,
Dan. 11:37: hope, Hag. 2:7; 1 Sam. 9:
26: subjection or obedience, Gen. 3:16:
unlawful wishes, Eph. 2:3.
- DESIRE, to wish for, Exod. 34:24;
Phil. 4:17: to request, Mark 15:8;
Heb. 6:11: to pray, Dan. 2:18.
- DESIRED, did desire, 1 Sam. 12:13:
did request, Dan. 2:16; Acts 3:14.
- DESIRED, wished for, Gen. 3:6: ap-
proved, Zeph. 2:1.
- DESIRING, wishing, 2 Tim. 1:4: re-
questing, Luke 8:20.
- DESIROUS, eager for, Prov. 23:3:
wishing, Luke 23:8: endeavouring,
2 Cor. 11:32.
- DESOLATE, solitary, Psal. 25:16;
1 Tim. 5:5: devastated, as a country,
Isa. 1:7; Joel 2:3.
- DESOLATION, devastation, ruin, Isa. 51:
29, 43; Dan. 9:2.
- DESPAIR, hopelessness, 2 Cor. 4:8.
- DESPAIR, to despond, or to be without
hope, 1 Sam. 27:1; Eccles. 2:20.
- DESPAIRED, did despair, 2 Cor. 1:8.
- DESPERATE, without hope, Isa. 17:
11: mad, Job 6:26.
- DESPERATELY, extremely or madly,
- DESPISE, to scorn or contemn, Prov.
1:2: to abhor, Amos 5:21: to disregard,
1 Sam. 2:30: to disobey, Est. 1:17.
- DESPISED, did despise or scorn, 1 Sam.
10:27: did contemn, Luke 18:9: did
violate or transgress, Heb. 10:28: did
ridicule, Job 19:18.
- DESPISED, scorned, Gen. 16:4 in-
sulted, Neh. 4:4: disesteemed or disre-
garded, 1 Cor. 1:28.
- DESPISERS, scorners, contemners, Acts
13:42; 2 Tim. 3:3.
- DESPISING, disregarding, Heb. 12:2.
- DESPITE, malignity, Ezek. 25:6:
provocation or defiance, Heb. 10:29.
- DESPITEFUL, malicious, Ezek. 25:
15; Rom. 1:30.
- DESPITEFULLY, maliciously, Matt. 5:
44; Acts 14:5.
- DESTITUTE, in want, Heb. 11:37:
forsaken, Gen. 24:27: void of, Prov.
- DESTROY, to ruin or kill, Gen. 6:
7-13: to bring to ruin, 19:13, 14: to
injure, Rom. 14:15-20.
- DESTROYED, did overthrow or ruin,
Gen. 19:29: did persecute to destroy,
- DESTROYER, an agent of injury, Exod.
12:23; 1 Cor. 10:10.
- DESTROYING, bringing ruin or death,
1 Chron. 21:12-15: fierce or ravenous,
- DESTRUCTION, ruin or death, Est. 8:
6: eternal misery, Matt. 7:13; 2 Thess.
- DETAIN, to restrain from departure,
Judg. 13:15, 16.
- DETAINED, restrained from departure,
1 Sam. 21:7.
- DETERMINATE, fixed or irreversible,
as the purpose and decree of God, Acts
- DETERMINATION, settled purpose,
- DETERMINED, firmly resolved, 1 Sam.
20:7, 9: settled, Acts 19:39.
- DETEST, to hate, Deut. 7:26.
- DETESTABLE, loathsome or abomin-
able, Jer. 16:18; Ezek. 8:20.
- DEUTERONOMY (second law), from two
Greek words, [g] (second), and [g]
(law). Moses wrote this book about a
month before his decease, for the sake
of the new generation that had arisen
during the forty years they had sojourned
in the Arabian deserts. Agreeably to its
name, it recapitulates the law, and the
history of the Israelites from the period
of their leaving Egypt, with various
additions. The appeals, predictions, ad-
monitions, and the national anthem,
delivered by Moses, are truly sublime
and affecting. The account of the death
of Moses, in the last chapter, was added
by a later writer, probably by Joshua.
- DEVICE, contrivance or invention,
2 Chron. 2:14: stratagem, Est. 8:3;
2 Cor. 2:11: skill or ingenuity, Acts
- DEVIL, Διαβολος (calumniator or accuser),
a most wicked spirit, chief of the apostate
angels, Matt. 25:41; Jude 6-9; Rev. 12:
9, 10. Various titles, indicative of the
character and power of this evil spirit,
are given in the Scriptures; as Satan,
Job 2:6: Beelzebub, Matt. 12:24:
Apollyon, Abaddon, Rev. 9:11: Dragon,
12:7. As the ruler of the minds of the
wicked, he is styled "the god of this
world," 2 Cor. 4:4; and "the prince of
the power of the air," Eph. 2:2. A
wicked man, a hypocrite in religion, is
called a devil, as resembling that evil
spirit, John 7:70: idols are devils, as
representing wicked persons, and as the
means of provoking God, 1 Cor. 10:20.
- Devil, the. A liar.
- DEVILISH, resembling the devil in
evil qualities, Jam. 3:15.
- DEVISE, to contrive or plan, Exod.
31:4: to plot, Jer. 18:11-18.
- DEVISED, did devise or plot, 2 Sam.
- DEVISED, Est. 8:35: con-
trived, 2 Pet. 1:16.
- DEVOTE, to dedicate or give up to a
sacred use, Lev. 27:28.
- DEVOTED, dedicated, given up to a
sacred use, Lev. 27:21: cheerfully
exercised, Psal. 119:38.
- DEVOTIONS, religious exercises, Acts
- DEVOUR, to eat up greedily, Psal.
80:13: to waste, Isa. 1:7: to defraud,
Matt. 23:14: to injure or destroy,
1 Pet. 5:8.
- DEVOURED, did eat up greedily, Gen.
41:7: did consume or destroy, Num.
26:10; Dan. 7:7.
- DEVOURED, wasted, Jer. 50:7, 17.
- DEVOURER, waster or consumer, as
the caterpillar, Mal. 3:11.
- DEVOURING, consuming or destroying,
as fire, Exod. 24:17.
- DEVOUT, religious, Luke 2:25; Acts
10:2, 7; 17:4, 17.
- DEW, exceedingly fine rain, which falls
profusely at night in hot countries: this
refreshing gift of Providence is an espe-
cial favour in aid of vegetation, 2 Sam.
1:21; and it is therefore referred to by
the sacred writers as the symbol of
spiritual blessings, Gen. 27:28; Deut.
33:13-28; Hos. 14:5.
- DIADEM, the chief symbol of royalty,
as a crown, Isa. 62:3: official or public
honour, Job 29:14. See CROWN.
- DIAL, an instrument for ascertaining
the time of day by the shadow of the
sun, as the dial of king Ahaz, 2 Kings
20:11. Our engraving represents, 1, a
concave dial of white marble, found at
Civita, in the year 1762; 2, another con-
cave dial, found at mount Tusculum,
near Rome, in 1726; 3, a compound dial,
preserved in the Elgin collection in the
British Museum: it was found at Athens,
supposed to have been used in marking
the hours on one of the crossways of the
city. The first two are considered to
resemble, if indeed they be not identical
with, the famous dial of Ahaz.
- DIAMOND, the adamant, the hardest,
brightest, and most precious of gems,
Ezek. 28:13. "The sin of Judah
written with the point of a diamond,"
Jer. 17:1, denotes the indelible record
made of the national crimes which occa-
sioned the destruction of the city and
temple of Jerusalem. The most extraor-
dinary diamonds known are,--that of the
king of Portugal, weighing 1680 carats,
and, though uncut, is valued at L5,644,800,
--that which adorns the imperial sceptre
of Russia, weighing 779 carats, valued at
L4,854,728,--that of the late Great Mogul,
weighing 279 carats, worth L570,000,--
a second of the king of Portugal, weighing
215 carats, worth L553,500,--one pos-
sessed by the emperor of Austria, weigh-
ing 139½ carats, worth L164,280,--one
by the king of France, called the Regent,
or Pit diamond, weighing 136 carats,
worth L312,493. See ADAMANT.
- DIANA, [g] (luminous or perfect), a
celebrated goddess in the Greek mytho-
logy, worshipped especially at Ephesus,
Acts 19:27-35. Diana was reckoned
one of the twelve superior deities; and
said to be the daughter of Jupiter and
Latona, and twin-sister with Apollo.
She was called also Hebe, Hecate, and
Trivia, and worshipped by many of the
Jews in the times of Isaiah, and Jere-
miah, as the moon or the queen of
heaven, Jer. 7:18; 11:13; 44:17, 18.
- DIBON, [h] (understanding), a city of
Gilead, Num. 32:3, 34.
- DIBON-GAD, [h] (great understanding),
a city east of the sea of Tiberias, Num.
- DID, acted, 1 Kings 11:25: committed,
1 Pet. 2:22.
- DIDYMUS, Διδμος (a twin), a surname
of the apostle Thomas, John 11:16; 20:
24. See THOMAS.
- Didymus. See THE TWELVE.
- DIE, to expire or lose life, Gen. 6:17:
to expose to danger of death, 1 Cor. 15:
31: to perish eternally, Rom. 8:13.
- DIED, did expire, Gen. 5:5; Luke 20:9.
- DIET, food, Jer. 52:34.
- DIFFER, to be distinguished from, or
to be unlike, 1 Cor. 4:7.