Bible Dictionary: Wn.   1840

  1. WOE, calamity, Num. 21:29; Prov.
    23:29; Matt. 11:21; 23:13.
  2. WOEFUL, calamitous, grievous, Jer.
    17:6.
  3. WOLF, a strong, fierce, cunning, de-
    structive beast of prey, resembling a large
    dog, Gen. 49:27.  
    Sheep are especially
    the victims of wolves, John 10:12; and
    Divine prophecy, declaring "the wolf
    shall dwell with the lamb,"
    fortels the
    transforming power of Christianity on
    the minds of savage men, preparing to
    enjoy social intercourse, in its holy ordi-
    nances, governed by benevolence the fruit
    of the Spirit of God, Isa. 11:6; 65:25.
  4. WOLVES: to these cunning and de-
    structive beasts of prey, the inspired
    writers
    compare
    wicked princes, Ezek.
    22:27; unjust judges, Zeph. 3:3; and
    false teachers, Matt. 7:15; 10:16; Acts
    20:29.
  5. WOMAN, the female of the human race,
    Gen. 1:26, 27; 2:22, 23.   Woman was
    created to be the affectionate companion
    and helper of
    man, equal in rank, dig-
    nity, and station, though constitutionally
    weaker: but the wickedness of the
    stronger party has injured and oppressed
    her in every age and country; and from
    this condition of degradation she has, in
    no nation, been raised, and restored to
    her original dignity appointed by the
    Creator, except in those countries where
    she has enjoyed the righteous and bene-
    volent influence of [true] Christianity, Mark 10:
    2-12; Eph. 5:25, 33.
  6. WOMANKIND, the female sex, Lev.
    18:22.
  7. WOMB, the place of the young [child] in the
    mother, Gen. 25:23, 24.
  8. WON, gained, a spoils from an enemy
    in battle, 1 Chron. 26:27; or the affec-
    tions of an offended brother, Prov. 18:
    19: converted, as ungodly men, by means
    of the exemplary piety of their wives, 1
    Pet. 3:1.
  9. WONDER, something strange or admi-
    rable, as a
    miracle, 2 Chron. 32:31:
    a token or sign, as given by a pretended
    prophet, Deut. 13:1, 2: surprise or asto-
    nishment, Acts 3:10.
  10. WONDER, to be surprised or amazed,
    Jer. 4:9; Acts 13:41.
  11. WONDERED, did wonder, Isa. 59:16;
    Luke 4:22; Acts 7:3.
  12. WONDERFUL, astonishing, Deut. 28:
    59; 2 Sam. 1:26: miraculous, Matt. 21:
    15: extraordinary, as in magnificence, 2
    Chron. 2:9.
  13. WONDERFULLY, admirably, Psal.
    139:14: amazingly, Lam. 1:9; Dan.
    8:24.
  14. WONDERING, admiring with astonish-
    ment, Gen. 24:21; Luke 24:12; Acts
    3:11.
  15. WONDEROUS, wonderful, exciting ad-
    miration, 1 Chron. 16:9; Psal. 71:17;
    Jer. 21:2.
  16. WONDEROUSLY, surprisingly, Judg.
    13:19; Joel 2:26.
  17. WONT, accustomed, Exod. 21:29;
    Matt. 27:15; Acts 16:13.
  18. WOOD, the substance of trees, as cut
    in pieces for fuel, Gen. 22:6, 7; Prov.
    26:20, 21; or as squared into timber
    for building, 1 Chron. 21:2: a forest of
    trees, Deut. 19:5; 2 Sam. 18:8; Ezek.
    39:25.
  19. WOOF, a set of threads crossing a piece
    of woven cloth, Lev. 13:48, 59.   See
    WARP.
  20. WOOL, the fleece of sheep, Judg. 6:[37];
    2 Kings 3:4.   Canaan produced excel-
    lent wool, which was spun by the women,
    and woven into different kinds of cloth,
    variously dyed, Prov. 31:13; Ezek.
    27:18; Hos. 2:5-9.
  21. WOOLLEN, made of wool, Lev. 13:47,
    52; 19:19.
  22. WORD, a single part of speech, or an
    intelligible sound, Gen. 30:34; Deut.
    8:3: any saying, promise, command, or
    declaration, Gen. 37:14; Exod. 8:
    13; 1 Kings 2:30; Matt. 14:72: a law,
    Josh. 1:13; Neh. 1:8: the gospel, Acts 10:
    36; Eph. 5:26; Col. 3:16; 1 Tim. 5:17:
    the
    Scriptures, Luke 11:28; Acts 20:32.
  23. WORD OF GOD, a revelation, message,
    or precept, communicated from God to a
    prophet
    , 1 Sam. 9:27; Luke 3:2: the
    Scriptures
    , Matt. 7:13: the doctrine of
    God's law
    , Isa. 40:8: the doctrine of the
    gospel
    , Acts 4:31; Rev. 1:2-9.
  24. WORD OF GOD, a name of Christ as the
    Son of God
    , John 1:1,3, 14; Rev. 19:13.
    Why our Saviour is called by this name
    has not been fully revealed: but it has
    been thought, because of His being the
    Revealer to mankind of the gracious
    mind and purposes of God
    , Heb. 1:1-3;
    because He created all things by His omni-
    potent voice
    , Psal. 33:6-9; Col. 1:16;
    and because of His communicating with
    the patriarchs and prophets, making
    known to them the will of God
    , 1 Kings
    13:1, 2, 32.
  25. WORK, labour, Gen. 2:[2, 3]: toil, 5:29;
    Exod. 5:9; 20:9, 10: any act or agency,
    Eccles. 12:14: a miracle, John 7:21:
    anything wrought or done, Exod. 32:
    16; Deut. 4:28.  
    Creation is the work of
    God, Psal. 8:3; 19:1; 102:25.   Provi-
    dence
    is the work of God, 78:7; Dan.
    6:2; John 5:17.   Redemption is the work
    of God, Acts 2:11.
  26. WORK, to labour, Exod. 5:18; Neh. 4:
    6: to act or operate, Josh. 9:4: to prac-
    tise, Acts 10:35; Rom. 2:10; Eph. 4:19.
    God works in this world by His ever-
    active providence, John 5:17; Eph. 1:11;
    and in the church by the gracious influ-
    ences of his life-giving Spirit, 1 Cor. 12:
    6, 11.   Satan, as the god of this world, as
    the prince of the power of the air, works
    in the minds of the irreligious, ruling
    them in disobedience to God, 2 Cor. 4:3;
    4; Eph. 2:2.
  27. WORKER, a labourer, as an artificer,
    1 Kings 7:14; or a
    preacher of the
    gospel; 2 Cor. 6:1; 11:13; or an evil
    doer, 2 Kings 23:24; Phil. 3:2.
  28. WORKS, practices, the actions of life,
    1 Sam. 19:4; Eccles. 3:22; Jam. 3:13;
    Rev. 3:2.   Men being
    sinners against
    God, cannot possibly inherit eternal sal-
    vation
    by the merit of their works; but
    only by the mercy of God through the
    redemption of Christ
    , Rom. 3:24, 28; 2
    Tim. 1:9; Tit. 3:5-7.   Good works, how-
    ever, are essential to the character of
    Christians, as being redeemed, converted,
    and pardoned for that purpose, and sanc-
    tified
    by the Spirit of God, Eph. 2:10;
    Tit. 2:11-14.
    • Works, Not of.   Salvation is by grace
      through faith; It is the gift of God.
      See Tract.
  29. WORK-FELLOW, a fellow-labourer, as
    Timothy the evangelist was to the apostle
    Paul, Rom. 16:21.
  30. WORKING, operation, Isa. 28:29;
    Eph. 1:19: performance, 1 Cor. 9:6: in-
    fluences, Eph. 3:7; 4:16; Col. 1:29.
  31. WORKING, labouring, Eph. 4:28; 2
    Thess. 3:11: operating, Mark 16:20;
    Heb. 13:21.
  32. WORKMAN, a labourer, as an artificer,
    Exod. 35:35; Isa. 40:19, 20; Acts 19:
    25; as a
    minister of the gospel, 2 Tim. 2:
    15.
  33. WORKMANSHIP, manufacture, Ezek.
    28:13: skill of the worker, Exod.
    31:3; 2 Kings 16:10.   Saints are the
    workmanship of God, formed to holiness
    by His Spirit, Eph. 2:10.
  34. WORLD, the earth, 1 Sam. 2:8; Prov.
    8:26: mankind, as the inhabitants of
    the earth, Psal. 9:8; John 3:16; 2 Cor.
    5:19: the Gentiles, Rom. 11:12; 1 John
    5:19: human society, Psal. 73:12;
    John 1:9; Rom. 5:12, 13; Heb. 10:5: the
    course of the present life, Matt. 12:32:
    temporal possessions and sensual plea-
    sures, 1 John 2:15; 5:4.
  35. WORLDLY, pertaining to this present
    state, Heb. 9:1: sensual, Tit. 2:12.
  36. WORM, a small creeping insect, of
    which there are numerous species, Exod.
    16:20, 24: a very weak and feeble per-
    son, and to which afflicted
    Job declares
    himself related, Job 17:14, and which
    Bildad, his friend, denominates mortal
    man, 25:6: in like manner God ad-
    dresses the dejected church, Isa. 41:14
    ["thou worm Jacob, and ye men of Israel"].
    Various flies, bees, and wasps, arise from
    eggs, and their seeds are infinitely scat-
    tered by them, so as to be found in most
    living bodies.   Impious king Herod was
    therefore destroyed by them in his disease
    sent as a judgment of God, Acts 12:
    23.
  37. WORMWOOD, a very bitter herb, Deut.
    29:18; to this sin and its fruit, cala-
    mity, are likened
    , Jer. 9:15; Lam. 3:15,
    19; Rev. 8:11.
  38. WORSE, less good, 1 Cor. 8:8: less
    strong, John 2:10: less virtuous or more
    corrupt, 1 Tim. 5:8; 2 Tim. 3:13: more
    injurious, Matt. 27:64: more injuri-
    ously, Gen. 19:9: more calamitous, 2
    Kings 14:12; 2 Pet. 2:20.
  39. WORSHIP, honour or respect, Luke 14:
    10.   Rulers and princes indulging their
    corrupt passions, wickedly claimed the
    homage of their subjects to such a degree,
    that at length they required and received
    divine honours, and were therefore wor-
    shipped; many demanded the same wor-
    ship to be given also to their statues,
    which were exhibited for the public
    adoration: all these are illustrated in the
    life of Nebuchadnezzar, Dan. 2:4, 5, 31,
    37; 3:1, 7, 18, 19; 5:18, 19.
  40. WORSHIP, to reverence or render
    homage with both body and mind, Gen.
    22:5; 24:26.  
    God the Creator only
    is the lawful object of worship; and He
    righteously claims all our powers, which
    are His gifts, to serve Him and show forth
    His glory
    , Exod. 34:14; Matt. 4:9,
    10; John 4:20-24.   God only has a right
    to prescribe how men shall worship Him;
    and this He has mercifully done from age
    to age
    ; instituting the Sabbath with the
    tree of life for man in innocency, Gen. 2:
    1-3,9; sacrifice of atonement prefiguring
    Christ, for man as a sinner, 3:21; 15:9-
    17; Heb. 11:4; and for our complete
    direction, He has graciously given us His
    perfect rule in the Holy Scriptures
    , Matt.
    15:9; Acts 20:32; 2 Tim. 3:16, 17.
    Man, as a rational being, feels the con-
    viction of it being proper to worship God;
    and hence arose, as many learned divines
    suppose, through guilt and superstitious
    dread, the various systems of idolatry,
    commenced or promoted chiefly after
    the deluge, by the famous Nimrod, Gen.
    11:8, 9.
  41. WORSHIPPED, did worship or adore,
    as
    God, Gen. 24:26, 52; Neh. 8:6;
    as idols, Exod. 32:8; 1 Kings 11:33;
    16:31.
  42. WORSHIPPED, reverenced, adored, or
    served, as
    God, Acts 17:25.
  43. WORSHIPPER, an adorer, one who wor-
    ships, John 4:23; 9:31; Heb. 10:2.
    Many were worshippers of the idol
    Baal,
    2 Kings 10:19, 23.   Ephesus is boasted of
    as being a worshipper of the fabulous
    goddess Diana, Acts 19:35.
  44. WORSHIPPING, adoring, as the true
    God, 2 Chron. 20:18; an idol-deity, 2
    Kings 19:37; or angels, Col. 2:18.
    Zebedee's wife worshipping Christ, ac-
    knowledged Him to be the Messiah
    , Matt.
    20:20.
  45. WORST, the most wicked or cruel,
    Ezek. 7:24.
  46. WORTH, value or estimated price, Lev.
    27:23; 1 Kings 21:2.
  47. WORTH, equal in value, Gen. 23:9;
    15; Deut. 15:18; 2 Sam. 18:3.
  48. WORTHIES, famous men, as ruler or
    captain, Nah. 2:5.
  49. WORTHILY, honourably or meritori-
    ously, Ruth 4:11.
  50. WORTHY, deserving, Rev. 4:11; 5:2,
    9; as of good, Gen. 32:10; Matt. 10:10;
    or of evil, Deut. 25:2; Luke 12:48:
    honourable, 1 Sam. 1:5; 1 Kings 1:52;
    Acts 24:2.
  51. WOT, to know, Gen. 21:26; Exod.
    32:1; Num. 22:6; Phil. 1:22.   This
    word is now [old].
  52. WOVE, did weave, 2 Kings 23:7.
  53. WOVEN, made by weaving, Exod.
    28:32; 39:27.   Our
    Saviour's coat
    was woven entire, without seam, John
    19:23.
  54. WOULD, to wish, Gen. 30:34; Matt.
    8:12; Rom. 7:5, 9.
  55. WOULD: this word is commonly used
    as an auxiliary to some other verb, Matt.
    22:3; 27:34.
  56. WOUND, a hurt given by violence, 1
    Kings 22:35; 2 Kings 8:29; Luke 10:
    34: a bruise or sore, Prov. 20:30; 23:
    29: national disorders through crime,
    Isa. 1:6; Mic. 1:9.
  57. WOUND, to hurt, as by violence, Deut.
    32:39: to grieve or offend, 1 Cor. 8:
    12.
  58. WOUND, did wind round, as bandages
    round a corpse for burial, John 19:40;
    Acts 5:6.
  59. WOUNDED, hurt by violence, as in
    battle, 1 Sam. 18:52; 31:3.
  60. WOUNDING, an injury, or calamity,
    Gen. 4:23.
  61. WRAP, to roll up in a covering, as in
    bed-clothes, Isa. 28:20: to contrive,
    as an iniquitous engagement by a bribed
    judge, Mic. 7:3.
  62. WRAPPED, did wrap up, as in a mantle,
    Gen. 38:14; 1 Kings 19:13: did
    enfold, as a babe in suitable clothes, Luke
    2:7; or a corpse for burial, Matt. 27:
    59.
  63. WRAPPED, enfolded, 1 Sam. 21:9;
    Jon. 2:5.
  64. WRATH, furious passion, Gen. 49:7;
    Esth. 3:5; Gal. 5:20: the effects of
    passion, Prov. 27:3; Nah. 1:2: the
    righteous
    punishment of crimes, as by a
    king, Prov. 16:14; 19:12; or by God,
    Deut. 29:28; Isa. 13:9; 1 Thess. 5:9.
  65. WRATH OF GOD, His holy hatred of
    sin, and determination to punish sinners,
    Num. 25:11; Rom. 1:18.
  66. WRATH TO COME, the torments of
    eternity, by which wicked beings, angels,
    and men, will be punished, Matt. 3:7;
    25:41, 46.
  67. WRATHFUL, passionate, Prov. 15:18:
    incensed or provoked, Psal. 69:24.
  68. WREATH, an ornament woven or twist-
    ed, as of flowering shrubs, or branches of
    fruit-trees, or representations of such
    things, 2 Chron. 4:12, 13.
  69. WREATHED, twisted, as life is said to
    be entangled with multiplied transgres-
    sions, Lam. 1:14.
  70. WREATHEN, twisted or plaited, as
    was the bandage of the high-priest's
    ephod, Exod. 28:14.
  71. WREST, to pervert, as the course of
    justice by a bribed magistrate, Exod.
    23:26; as the words of a person by
    an enemy, Psal. 56:5; as the language
    of Scripture by unstable minds, 2 Pet.
    3:16.
  72. WRESTLE, to struggle or contend, as
    Christians do with
    wicked powers and
    evil principles, Eph. 6:12.
  73. WRESTLED, did struggle or contend,
    Gen. 30:8; 32:24, 25.
  74. WRETCHED, miserable, as sinners are,
    being in a state destitute of the grace
    and salvation of Christ, exposed to the
    anger of God
    , Rev. 3:17; as saints are
    when depressed with conscious guilt and
    imperfections, Rom. 7:24.
  75. WRETCHEDNESS, misery or disgrace,
    Num. 11:15.
  76. WRING, to twist forcibly, as to take
    off the head of the sacrificed bird, Lev.
    1:15; 6:8: to press out, as the wicked
    are said to be punished, Psal. 75:8.
  77. WRINGING, twisting violently, Prov.
    30:33.
  78. WRINKLE, a furrowy blemish in the
    face, indicating decay by age, Job 16:8:
    any blemish or defect, Eph. 5:27.
  79. WRITE, to note down in letters, Exod.
    17:14; 24:4; 34:1, 27; Num.
    17:2,3; John 19:21: to impress effec-
    tually, as the knowlege of
    God in the
    heart by the grace of the Holy Spirit,
    Jer. 31:33; Heb. 8:10: to count,
    Isa. 10:19: to declare or denounce, as
    by prophecy, Jer. 22:30.
  80. WRITER, a scribe, a person who
    writes, Judg. 5:14; Psal. 45:1; Ezek.
    9:2.   Writing, in the early ages, was
    an honourable profession, which was fol-
    lowed by few except the
    Levites, who
    were the literati of Israel.
  81. WRITING, letters or a written record,
    Exod. 32:16; 1 Chron. 28:19; Est.
    4:8; John 19:19.   Alphabetical writing
    is believed to have been given imme-
    diately from God to
    Moses, for the pur-
    pose of his presenting to Israel, and of
    transmitting to future generations and
    other nations, the inestimable blessings
    of Divine revelation.   Pictorial or hiero-
    glyphical representaions, it is probable,
    were used before the time of Moses,
    Gen. 38:18, 25; Job 19:23, 24;
    but alphabetical writing appears to have
    been the immediate gift of God, whose
    law He gave to Moses, "written," that is
    engraven, "on two tables of stone, with
    the finger of God,"
    Exod. 31:18: this
    is, therefore, called the "writing of God,"
    32:16.   Historical research of the
    most learned antiquaries is unable to
    trace the invention of letters to a more
    remote period: and every investigation
    of this subject, pursued as it has been
    by the profoundest scholars, leads to the
    conclusion that the most ancient Grecians
    and Phenicians derived the knowledge
    of their alphabets from the Divine dis-
    covery of Moses.   See BOOK, ENGRAV-
    ING
    , LANGUAGE, and PAPER.
  82. WRITING-TABLE, a table or tablet on
    which to write, Luke 1:63.
  83. WRITTEN, committed to writing, Est.
    1:19; 6:2: recorded or enrolled, Luke
    10:20: declared in writing, Acts 21:25.
  84. WRONG, an injury, Gen. 16:5; Est. 1:
    16.
  85. WRONG, to do injury, Prov. 8:36.
  86. WRONGED, injured, 2 Cor. 7:2; Phil.
    18.
  87. WRONGFULLY, unjustly, Job 21:27;
    1 Pet. 2:19.
  88. WROTE, did write, Exod. 24:4;
    34:28; Luke 1:63; John 21:24.
  89. WROTH, angry, Gen. 4:5; 40:2.
  90. WROUGHT, did work, Exod. 36:
    1, 4; Acts 19:11.
  91. WROUGHT, worked, as with ingenuity,
    Num. 31:5; Psal. 45:13; as by rule,
    1 Chron. 22:2: committed, Deut. 13:
    14: performed, Acts 5:12.
  92. WRUNG, pressed or squeezed, Lev. 1:
    15; Isa. 51:17.

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