Bible Dictionary: Wn. 1840
- WOE, calamity, Num. 21:29; Prov.
23:29; Matt. 11:21; 23:13.
- WOEFUL, calamitous, grievous, Jer.
- WOLF, a strong, fierce, cunning, de-
structive beast of prey, resembling a large
dog, Gen. 49:27. Sheep are especially
the victims of wolves, John 10:12; and
Divine prophecy, declaring "the wolf
shall dwell with the lamb," fortels the
transforming power of Christianity on
the minds of savage men, preparing to
enjoy social intercourse, in its holy ordi-
nances, governed by benevolence the fruit
of the Spirit of God, Isa. 11:6; 65:25.
- WOLVES: to these cunning and de-
structive beasts of prey, the inspired
writers compare wicked princes, Ezek.
22:27; unjust judges, Zeph. 3:3; and
false teachers, Matt. 7:15; 10:16; Acts
- Wolves. See Photo.
- WOMAN, the female of the human race,
Gen. 1:26, 27; 2:22, 23. Woman was
created to be the affectionate companion
and helper of man, equal in rank, dig-
nity, and station, though constitutionally
weaker: but the wickedness of the
stronger party has injured and oppressed
her in every age and country; and from
this condition of degradation she has, in
no nation, been raised, and restored to
her original dignity appointed by the
Creator, except in those countries where
she has enjoyed the righteous and bene-
volent influence of [true] Christianity, Mark 10:
2-12; Eph. 5:25, 33.
- WOMANKIND, the female sex, Lev.
- WOMB, the place of the young [child] in the
mother, Gen. 25:23, 24.
- WON, gained, a spoils from an enemy
in battle, 1 Chron. 26:27; or the affec-
tions of an offended brother, Prov. 18:
19: converted, as ungodly men, by means
of the exemplary piety of their wives, 1
- WONDER, something strange or admi-
rable, as a miracle, 2 Chron. 32:31:
a token or sign, as given by a pretended
prophet, Deut. 13:1, 2: surprise or asto-
nishment, Acts 3:10.
- WONDER, to be surprised or amazed,
Jer. 4:9; Acts 13:41.
- WONDERED, did wonder, Isa. 59:16;
Luke 4:22; Acts 7:3.
- WONDERFUL, astonishing, Deut. 28:
59; 2 Sam. 1:26: miraculous, Matt. 21:
15: extraordinary, as in magnificence, 2
- WONDERFULLY, admirably, Psal.
139:14: amazingly, Lam. 1:9; Dan.
- WONDERING, admiring with astonish-
ment, Gen. 24:21; Luke 24:12; Acts
- WONDEROUS, wonderful, exciting ad-
miration, 1 Chron. 16:9; Psal. 71:17;
- WONDEROUSLY, surprisingly, Judg.
13:19; Joel 2:26.
- WONT, accustomed, Exod. 21:29;
Matt. 27:15; Acts 16:13.
- WOOD, the substance of trees, as cut
in pieces for fuel, Gen. 22:6, 7; Prov.
26:20, 21; or as squared into timber
for building, 1 Chron. 21:2: a forest of
trees, Deut. 19:5; 2 Sam. 18:8; Ezek.
- WOOF, a set of threads crossing a piece
of woven cloth, Lev. 13:48, 59. See
- WOOL, the fleece of sheep, Judg. 6:;
2 Kings 3:4. Canaan produced excel-
lent wool, which was spun by the women,
and woven into different kinds of cloth,
variously dyed, Prov. 31:13; Ezek.
27:18; Hos. 2:5-9.
- WOOLLEN, made of wool, Lev. 13:47,
- WORD, a single part of speech, or an
intelligible sound, Gen. 30:34; Deut.
8:3: any saying, promise, command, or
declaration, Gen. 37:14; Exod. 8:
13; 1 Kings 2:30; Matt. 14:72: a law,
Josh. 1:13; Neh. 1:8: the gospel, Acts 10:
36; Eph. 5:26; Col. 3:16; 1 Tim. 5:17:
the Scriptures, Luke 11:28; Acts 20:32.
- WORD OF GOD, a revelation, message,
or precept, communicated from God to a
prophet, 1 Sam. 9:27; Luke 3:2: the
Scriptures, Matt. 7:13: the doctrine of
God's law, Isa. 40:8: the doctrine of the
gospel, Acts 4:31; Rev. 1:2-9.
- Word of God, The. See Bibliology.
- WORD OF GOD, a name of Christ as the
Son of God, John 1:1,3, 14; Rev. 19:13.
Why our Saviour is called by this name
has not been fully revealed: but it has
been thought, because of His being the
Revealer to mankind of the gracious
mind and purposes of God, Heb. 1:1-3;
because He created all things by His omni-
potent voice, Psal. 33:6-9; Col. 1:16;
and because of His communicating with
the patriarchs and prophets, making
known to them the will of God, 1 Kings
13:1, 2, 32.
- Word of God, The. See Life of Christ.
- WORK, labour, Gen. 2:[2, 3]: toil, 5:29;
Exod. 5:9; 20:9, 10: any act or agency,
Eccles. 12:14: a miracle, John 7:21:
anything wrought or done, Exod. 32:
16; Deut. 4:28. Creation is the work of
God, Psal. 8:3; 19:1; 102:25. Provi-
dence is the work of God, 78:7; Dan.
6:2; John 5:17. Redemption is the work
of God, Acts 2:11.
- WORK, to labour, Exod. 5:18; Neh. 4:
6: to act or operate, Josh. 9:4: to prac-
tise, Acts 10:35; Rom. 2:10; Eph. 4:19.
God works in this world by His ever-
active providence, John 5:17; Eph. 1:11;
and in the church by the gracious influ-
ences of his life-giving Spirit, 1 Cor. 12:
6, 11. Satan, as the god of this world, as
the prince of the power of the air, works
in the minds of the irreligious, ruling
them in disobedience to God, 2 Cor. 4:3;
4; Eph. 2:2.
- WORKER, a labourer, as an artificer,
1 Kings 7:14; or a preacher of the
gospel; 2 Cor. 6:1; 11:13; or an evil
doer, 2 Kings 23:24; Phil. 3:2.
- WORKS, practices, the actions of life,
1 Sam. 19:4; Eccles. 3:22; Jam. 3:13;
Rev. 3:2. Men being sinners against
God, cannot possibly inherit eternal sal-
vation by the merit of their works; but
only by the mercy of God through the
redemption of Christ, Rom. 3:24, 28; 2
Tim. 1:9; Tit. 3:5-7. Good works, how-
ever, are essential to the character of
Christians, as being redeemed, converted,
and pardoned for that purpose, and sanc-
tified by the Spirit of God, Eph. 2:10;
- Works, Not of. Salvation is by grace
through faith; It is the gift of God.
- WORK-FELLOW, a fellow-labourer, as
Timothy the evangelist was to the apostle
Paul, Rom. 16:21.
- WORKING, operation, Isa. 28:29;
Eph. 1:19: performance, 1 Cor. 9:6: in-
fluences, Eph. 3:7; 4:16; Col. 1:29.
- WORKING, labouring, Eph. 4:28; 2
Thess. 3:11: operating, Mark 16:20;
- WORKMAN, a labourer, as an artificer,
Exod. 35:35; Isa. 40:19, 20; Acts 19:
25; as a minister of the gospel, 2 Tim. 2:
- WORKMANSHIP, manufacture, Ezek.
28:13: skill of the worker, Exod.
31:3; 2 Kings 16:10. Saints are the
workmanship of God, formed to holiness
by His Spirit, Eph. 2:10.
- WORLD, the earth, 1 Sam. 2:8; Prov.
8:26: mankind, as the inhabitants of
the earth, Psal. 9:8; John 3:16; 2 Cor.
5:19: the Gentiles, Rom. 11:12; 1 John
5:19: human society, Psal. 73:12;
John 1:9; Rom. 5:12, 13; Heb. 10:5: the
course of the present life, Matt. 12:32:
temporal possessions and sensual plea-
sures, 1 John 2:15; 5:4.
- WORLDLY, pertaining to this present
state, Heb. 9:1: sensual, Tit. 2:12.
- WORM, a small creeping insect, of
which there are numerous species, Exod.
16:20, 24: a very weak and feeble per-
son, and to which afflicted Job declares
himself related, Job 17:14, and which
Bildad, his friend, denominates mortal
man, 25:6: in like manner God ad-
dresses the dejected church, Isa. 41:14
["thou worm Jacob, and ye men of Israel"].
Various flies, bees, and wasps, arise from
eggs, and their seeds are infinitely scat-
tered by them, so as to be found in most
living bodies. Impious king Herod was
therefore destroyed by them in his disease
sent as a judgment of God, Acts 12:
- WORMWOOD, a very bitter herb, Deut.
29:18; to this sin and its fruit, cala-
mity, are likened, Jer. 9:15; Lam. 3:15,
19; Rev. 8:11.
- WORSE, less good, 1 Cor. 8:8: less
strong, John 2:10: less virtuous or more
corrupt, 1 Tim. 5:8; 2 Tim. 3:13: more
injurious, Matt. 27:64: more injuri-
ously, Gen. 19:9: more calamitous, 2
Kings 14:12; 2 Pet. 2:20.
- WORSHIP, honour or respect, Luke 14:
10. Rulers and princes indulging their
corrupt passions, wickedly claimed the
homage of their subjects to such a degree,
that at length they required and received
divine honours, and were therefore wor-
shipped; many demanded the same wor-
ship to be given also to their statues,
which were exhibited for the public
adoration: all these are illustrated in the
life of Nebuchadnezzar, Dan. 2:4, 5, 31,
37; 3:1, 7, 18, 19; 5:18, 19.
- WORSHIP, to reverence or render
homage with both body and mind, Gen.
22:5; 24:26. God the Creator only
is the lawful object of worship; and He
righteously claims all our powers, which
are His gifts, to serve Him and show forth
His glory, Exod. 34:14; Matt. 4:9,
10; John 4:20-24. God only has a right
to prescribe how men shall worship Him;
and this He has mercifully done from age
to age; instituting the Sabbath with the
tree of life for man in innocency, Gen. 2:
1-3,9; sacrifice of atonement prefiguring
Christ, for man as a sinner, 3:21; 15:9-
17; Heb. 11:4; and for our complete
direction, He has graciously given us His
perfect rule in the Holy Scriptures, Matt.
15:9; Acts 20:32; 2 Tim. 3:16, 17.
Man, as a rational being, feels the con-
viction of it being proper to worship God;
and hence arose, as many learned divines
suppose, through guilt and superstitious
dread, the various systems of idolatry,
commenced or promoted chiefly after
the deluge, by the famous Nimrod, Gen.
- WORSHIPPED, did worship or adore,
as God, Gen. 24:26, 52; Neh. 8:6;
as idols, Exod. 32:8; 1 Kings 11:33;
- WORSHIPPED, reverenced, adored, or
served, as God, Acts 17:25.
- WORSHIPPER, an adorer, one who wor-
ships, John 4:23; 9:31; Heb. 10:2.
Many were worshippers of the idol Baal,
2 Kings 10:19, 23. Ephesus is boasted of
as being a worshipper of the fabulous
goddess Diana, Acts 19:35.
- WORSHIPPING, adoring, as the true
God, 2 Chron. 20:18; an idol-deity, 2
Kings 19:37; or angels, Col. 2:18.
Zebedee's wife worshipping Christ, ac-
knowledged Him to be the Messiah, Matt.
- WORST, the most wicked or cruel,
- WORTH, value or estimated price, Lev.
27:23; 1 Kings 21:2.
- WORTH, equal in value, Gen. 23:9;
15; Deut. 15:18; 2 Sam. 18:3.
- WORTHIES, famous men, as ruler or
captain, Nah. 2:5.
- WORTHILY, honourably or meritori-
ously, Ruth 4:11.
- WORTHY, deserving, Rev. 4:11; 5:2,
9; as of good, Gen. 32:10; Matt. 10:10;
or of evil, Deut. 25:2; Luke 12:48:
honourable, 1 Sam. 1:5; 1 Kings 1:52;
- WOT, to know, Gen. 21:26; Exod.
32:1; Num. 22:6; Phil. 1:22. This
word is now [old].
- WOVE, did weave, 2 Kings 23:7.
- WOVEN, made by weaving, Exod.
28:32; 39:27. Our Saviour's coat
was woven entire, without seam, John
- WOULD, to wish, Gen. 30:34; Matt.
8:12; Rom. 7:5, 9.
- WOULD: this word is commonly used
as an auxiliary to some other verb, Matt.
- WOUND, a hurt given by violence, 1
Kings 22:35; 2 Kings 8:29; Luke 10:
34: a bruise or sore, Prov. 20:30; 23:
29: national disorders through crime,
Isa. 1:6; Mic. 1:9.
- WOUND, to hurt, as by violence, Deut.
32:39: to grieve or offend, 1 Cor. 8:
- WOUND, did wind round, as bandages
round a corpse for burial, John 19:40;
- WOUNDED, hurt by violence, as in
battle, 1 Sam. 18:52; 31:3.
- WOUNDING, an injury, or calamity,
- WRAP, to roll up in a covering, as in
bed-clothes, Isa. 28:20: to contrive,
as an iniquitous engagement by a bribed
judge, Mic. 7:3.
- WRAPPED, did wrap up, as in a mantle,
Gen. 38:14; 1 Kings 19:13: did
enfold, as a babe in suitable clothes, Luke
2:7; or a corpse for burial, Matt. 27:
- WRAPPED, enfolded, 1 Sam. 21:9;
- WRATH, furious passion, Gen. 49:7;
Esth. 3:5; Gal. 5:20: the effects of
passion, Prov. 27:3; Nah. 1:2: the
righteous punishment of crimes, as by a
king, Prov. 16:14; 19:12; or by God,
Deut. 29:28; Isa. 13:9; 1 Thess. 5:9.
- WRATH OF GOD, His holy hatred of
sin, and determination to punish sinners,
Num. 25:11; Rom. 1:18.
- WRATH TO COME, the torments of
eternity, by which wicked beings, angels,
and men, will be punished, Matt. 3:7;
- WRATHFUL, passionate, Prov. 15:18:
incensed or provoked, Psal. 69:24.
- WREATH, an ornament woven or twist-
ed, as of flowering shrubs, or branches of
fruit-trees, or representations of such
things, 2 Chron. 4:12, 13.
- WREATHED, twisted, as life is said to
be entangled with multiplied transgres-
sions, Lam. 1:14.
- WREATHEN, twisted or plaited, as
was the bandage of the high-priest's
ephod, Exod. 28:14.
- WREST, to pervert, as the course of
justice by a bribed magistrate, Exod.
23:26; as the words of a person by
an enemy, Psal. 56:5; as the language
of Scripture by unstable minds, 2 Pet.
- WRESTLE, to struggle or contend, as
Christians do with wicked powers and
evil principles, Eph. 6:12.
- WRESTLED, did struggle or contend,
Gen. 30:8; 32:24, 25.
- WRETCHED, miserable, as sinners are,
being in a state destitute of the grace
and salvation of Christ, exposed to the
anger of God, Rev. 3:17; as saints are
when depressed with conscious guilt and
imperfections, Rom. 7:24.
- WRETCHEDNESS, misery or disgrace,
- WRING, to twist forcibly, as to take
off the head of the sacrificed bird, Lev.
1:15; 6:8: to press out, as the wicked
are said to be punished, Psal. 75:8.
- WRINGING, twisting violently, Prov.
- WRINKLE, a furrowy blemish in the
face, indicating decay by age, Job 16:8:
any blemish or defect, Eph. 5:27.
- WRITE, to note down in letters, Exod.
17:14; 24:4; 34:1, 27; Num.
17:2,3; John 19:21: to impress effec-
tually, as the knowlege of God in the
heart by the grace of the Holy Spirit,
Jer. 31:33; Heb. 8:10: to count,
Isa. 10:19: to declare or denounce, as
by prophecy, Jer. 22:30.
- WRITER, a scribe, a person who
writes, Judg. 5:14; Psal. 45:1; Ezek.
9:2. Writing, in the early ages, was
an honourable profession, which was fol-
lowed by few except the Levites, who
were the literati of Israel.
- WRITING, letters or a written record,
Exod. 32:16; 1 Chron. 28:19; Est.
4:8; John 19:19. Alphabetical writing
is believed to have been given imme-
diately from God to Moses, for the pur-
pose of his presenting to Israel, and of
transmitting to future generations and
other nations, the inestimable blessings
of Divine revelation. Pictorial or hiero-
glyphical representaions, it is probable,
were used before the time of Moses,
Gen. 38:18, 25; Job 19:23, 24;
but alphabetical writing appears to have
been the immediate gift of God, whose
law He gave to Moses, "written," that is
engraven, "on two tables of stone, with
the finger of God," Exod. 31:18: this
is, therefore, called the "writing of God,"
32:16. Historical research of the
most learned antiquaries is unable to
trace the invention of letters to a more
remote period: and every investigation
of this subject, pursued as it has been
by the profoundest scholars, leads to the
conclusion that the most ancient Grecians
and Phenicians derived the knowledge
of their alphabets from the Divine dis-
covery of Moses. See BOOK, ENGRAV-
ING, LANGUAGE, and PAPER.
- WRITING-TABLE, a table or tablet on
which to write, Luke 1:63.
- WRITTEN, committed to writing, Est.
1:19; 6:2: recorded or enrolled, Luke
10:20: declared in writing, Acts 21:25.
- WRONG, an injury, Gen. 16:5; Est. 1:
- WRONG, to do injury, Prov. 8:36.
- WRONGED, injured, 2 Cor. 7:2; Phil.
- WRONGFULLY, unjustly, Job 21:27;
1 Pet. 2:19.
- WROTE, did write, Exod. 24:4;
34:28; Luke 1:63; John 21:24.
- WROTH, angry, Gen. 4:5; 40:2.
- WROUGHT, did work, Exod. 36:
1, 4; Acts 19:11.
- WROUGHT, worked, as with ingenuity,
Num. 31:5; Psal. 45:13; as by rule,
1 Chron. 22:2: committed, Deut. 13:
14: performed, Acts 5:12.
- WRUNG, pressed or squeezed, Lev. 1:
15; Isa. 51:17.
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