Bible Dictionary: On. 1840
- ON, [h] (pain, force, or iniquity), a city
of Egypt, supposed to be Heliopolis, the
city of the sun, in the land of Goshen,
Gen. 41:45, 50. It was situated on the
eastern bank of the Nile, and about five
miles above the modern city of Cairo.
- ON, a noted Reubenite, who conspired
with Korah, against Moses, Num. 16:1.
- O'NAN, [h] (pain, force, or iniquity), a
son of Judah, and grandson of Jacob,
- ONCE, one time, Exod. 10:17; immedi-
ately, Num. 13:30: formerly, Jude 3, 5.
- ONE, an individual, Judg. 9:2: united
in mind and heart, John 17:21. "God
is one," means one of the parties, Gal. 4:
20: a harmoniously united body, of an-
gels and redeemed mankind, Eph. 1:10.
- ONES'IMUS, [g] (useful), the pro-
fligate slave or servant of Philemon, but
who became converted to Christ by the
ministry of Paul at Rome, and after-
wards a distinguished member of the
Colossian church, Phil. 10; Col. 4:9.
- ONESIPH'ORUS, [g] (who brings
profit), a generous Christian, who appears
to have entertained Paul, probably at
Ephesus, 2 Tim. 1:16-18; 4:19.
- ONION, a well-known garden herb,
with a bulbous root, prized by the Isra-
elites as delicious in Egypt, Num. 11:5.
Modern travellers commend the exqui-
site flavour of the Egyptian onion.
- ONLY, singly, Gen. 7:23: exclusively,
Col. 4:11; 1 Tim. 6:16.
- ONWARD, forward, as on a journey,
- ONYCHA, a fragrant substance, sup-
posed to be the shell of the nail-fish, or
purpura, the basis of the principal per-
fumes of India, the best being found in
the Red sea, Exod. 30:34. Some sup-
pose it to have been the bdellium. See
- ONYX, a semi-pellucid precious stone,
resembling the human nail in colour; a
kind of agate, Exod. 28:20.
- OPEN, expanded, as the sky, Gen. 1:
20: exposed, 34:14: unclosed as
gates, Isa. 60:11; or doors, Acts 16:27:
manifested, 1 Sam. 3:1.
- OPEN, to uncover, as a pit, Exod. 21:
33: to unclose, as gates, Isa. 22:22: to
enlighten, as the mind by instruction,
Acts 26:18: to overcome, as removing
impediments, Rev. 3:7.
- OPENED, did open, as doors, Acts 5:
19: did explain, as the prophecies of
Scripture, Luke 24:32: did enlighten,
as the mind, ver. 45: did prepare and in-
cline, Acts 16:14.
- OPENED, unclosed, Neh. 7:3: pre-
pared, as a way, 1 Cor. 16:9: exposed,
- OPENING, laying open, 1 Chron. 9:27:
explaining, Acts 18:3.
- OPENLY, publicly, John 7:4: to many,
- OPERATION, working, or the act of
producing a thing, Isa. 5:22: influence,
Col. 2:12; 1 Cor. 12:6.
- O'PHEL, [h] (the tower), a fort at Jeru-
salem, 2 Chron. 27:3; 33:14; Neh.
- O'PHIR, [h] (ashes), a son of Joktan,
whose name was given to a country,
- OPHIR, a country famous for its gold,
Job 22:24. Solomon's ships fetched
it by sea, sailing from Ezion-geber; and
it is thought, therefore, that Ophir must
have been Sofala, in South Africa, or, as
Josephus says, in the East Indies, or
perhaps, as others think, in southern
Arabia, 1 Kings 9:26; 10:22; 22:48.
- OPH'RAH, [h] (dust or fawn), a city of
Manasseh, famous as the native place of
Gideon, one of the judges of Israel, Judg.
6:11; 8:2; 9:5. There was another
Ophrah in Benjamin, Josh. 18:23;
and a person so called in the tribe of
Judah, 1 Chron. 4:14.
- OPINION, a sentiment of the mind re-
garding anything, Job 32:6-17; 1 Kings
- OPPORTUNITY, a fit season or occasion,
Matt. 26:16; Phil. 4:10.
- OPPOSE, to resist, 2 Tim. 2:25: to
prevent, as by arrogant pretensions, 2
- OPPOSED, did oppose, Acts 18:1.
- OPPOSITIONS, arguments or preten-
sions put forth to contradict, 1 Tim. 6:
- OPPRESS, to overpower cruelly, Exod.
3:9; Jam. 3:6.
- OPPRESSED, did oppress, Judg. 4:3;
- OPPRESSING, cruel or destructive, Jer.
46:16; Zeph. 3:1.
- OPPRESSION, cruelty or tyranny, Exod.
3:9; Job 35:9.
- OPPRESSOR, a tyrant, who harasses
others, Jer. 21:12; Isa. 3:12.
- ORACLE, a divine declaration, especi-
ally in writing, Acts 7:38: the most
holy place in the tabernacle, 2 Sam. 6:16:
23, and in the temple, 1 Kings 6:16-19;
8:6-8. See URIM.
- ORACLES, Divine revelations written
by inspired prophets and apostles, Acts
7:38; Rom. 3:2; Heb. 5:12; 1 Pet. 4:
11. Oracles were delivered in various
ways to the patriarchs and prophets,
Heb. 1:1; 1 Sam. 28:6; Job 33:
14, 15; but ordinarily by the priest wear-
ing the sacred breastplate, Exod. 28:
30: now, however, these are unnecessary,
as the whole will of God is contained in
- ORATION, a set speech, as from a king,
- ORATOR, a public pleader or counsel-
ler, Isa. 3:3; Acts 24:1.
- ORCHARD, a garden of fruit-trees
Eccles. 2:5; Sol. Song 4:13.
- ORDAIN, to fix upon and appoint, as a
place, 1 Chron. 17:9: to set in order,
as the Levites were arranged for their
sacred duties in the tabernacle, 9:22: to
instruct pious men of gifts and wisdom
for the gospel ministry, as the evangelist
Titus was directed to constitute elders
for the service of certain Christian
churches in Crete, Tit. 1:5: to appoint
laws and customs, as the apostle Paul
did in the churches, 1 Cor. 7:17.
- ORDAINED, did ordain or decree, 1
Cor. 2:7: did appoint to office, as the
apostleship, Mark 3:14; or that of pro-
phesying, Jer. 1:6; or that of the idola-
trous priesthood, 2 Chron. 11:15: did
establish, as festivals, Est. 9:27.
- ORDAINED, appointed, as the sun and
moon to their stations in the heavens,
Psal. 8:3; as Christ to be the judge
of the world, Acts 10:42; as Paul to be
an apostle of Christ, 1 Tim. 2:7; as
elders were set apart to the work of the
Christian ministry in the churches, Acts
14:23; as regenerated men to the prac-
tice of holiness, Eph. 2:10: as indi-
viduals to eternal life, Acts 13:48; as
the Levitical priesthood and ceremonies,
Heb. 5:1; 9:6; as wicked men to con-
demnation, Jude 4; as the apostles' de-
crees for the abrogation of the Levitical
ceremonies, Acts 15:23-29; 16:4.
- ORDER, a command or appointment,
1 Chron. 25:2; 1 Cor. 16:1: a rank or
class, as the appointed Levitical priests,
2 Kings 23:4; Heb. 7:11: appointed
regularity, as of Christian worship, Col.
2:5: a regular disposition of things, Job
- ORDER, to regulate, Exod. 27:21:
to command, 1 Kings 20:14: to govern,
Isa. 9:7: to bring up, Judg. 13:12.
- ORDERINGS, arrangements or appoint-
ments, 1 Chron. 24:19.
- ORDERLY, lawfully, according to ap-
pointment, Acts 21:24.
- ORDINANCE, a decree or law, whether
human or divine, Rom. 13:2; 1 Pet. 2:
13: a sacred institution, as the feast of
the Passover, Exod. 12:14; or the Lord's
supper, 1 Cor. 11:23-29. Divine ordi-
nances are evident in the constant revo-
lutions of the heavenly bodies, forming
the day and the night, and the seasons
of the year, Gen. 1:14; Jer. 31:35, 36.
Ordinances of divine worship were in
many particulars enjoined upon the Isra-
elites, Heb. 9:1. Baptism and the Lord's
supper, with the Sabbath and the public
ministry of the gospel, are the chief ordi-
nances of Christianity.
- Ordinances, N. T. Church (Local) :--
1) Scriptural Baptism: complete immersion in water of the believer; and
2) the Lord's Supper: closed communion of unleavened bread & grape juice.
- ORDINARY, usual or necessary, Ezek.
- ORGAN, a wind instrument, invented
by Jubal, Gen. 4:21; Psal. 150:4. It is
not known precisely what was the organ
of the ancient Jews, our instrument of
that name having been in use not quite
a thousand years.
- ORION, a brilliant constellation of
about eighty stars in the southern hemi-
sphere: Virgil calls it "stormy Orion:"
it appears about the autumnal equinox,
and is thought to forebode severe weather,
as cold and frost which no human power
can dissolve, Job 38:31; Amos 5:8.
- ORNAMENT, a decoration, especially
in dress, as jewels, rings, bracelets, &c.,
Exod. 33:4; Judg. 8:21-26. Women
in the East have ever been extremely
fond of these means of attraction, Jer.
2:32. Meekness is a principal ornament
of a Christian, 1 Pet. 3:4.
- OR'NAN, [h] (that rejoices, or light of the
son), a Jebusite in the time of David,
called Araunah, 1 Sam. 24:18; 1 Chron.
21:15. See ARAUNAH.
- OR'PAH, [h] (the neck, shell, or nakedness
of the mouth), a Moabitess, sister-in-law of
Ruth, Ruth 1:4-14.
- ORPHANS, children destitute of a father,
or having lost both parents, Lam. 5:3.
- O'SEE, Ώσηε, the name of the prophet
Hosea, but in the Greek form, Rom. 9:
25. See HOSEA.
- O'SHEA, [h] (saviour), the early name
of Joshua, Num. 13:8-16. See JOSHUA.
- OSPRAY, a bird of prey, a species of
eagle or fish-hawk, Lev. 11:13.
- OSSIFRAGE, a bird of prey, supposed
to be the black eagle or vulture, Lev. 11:
13; Deut. 14:12.
- OSTRICH, the largest of birds; some
have been brought to England eleven
feet high when standing erect, and
weighing seventy or eighty pounds: it
cannot fly, but its speed is astonishingly
great in the sultry deserts of Arabia and
Africa. The Arabs frequently ride upon
the ostrich, and they call it the camel-
bird, as it is named by the Greeks, Job
39:13. The ostrich lays thirty or
forty eggs; but being excessively timid,
it leaves them, or even its young ones,
on being alarmed: hence she is called
cruel, Lam. 4:3.
- OTHER, the next or more, Gen. 8:
10: not the same, Lev. 6:11: besides,
- OTHERWISE, or else, Heb. 9:17: in a
different manner, 2 Chron. 30:18: dif-
ferently, Phil. 3:15.
- OTH'NI, [h] (my time or my hour), a
valiant warrior with David, 1 Chron.
- OTH'NIEL, [h] (the time or the hour
of God), a nephew and son-in-law of Caleb,
Josh. 15:17; Judg. 1:12, 13. Othniel
was the first of the judges, after the death
of Joshua, Judg. 3:9-11.
- OUCHES, rims, as of gold, in which
precious stones were set, Exod. 28:
- OUGHT, anything, Gen. 39:6.
- OUGHT, obliged, as a duty, Luke 24:
26; Acts 5:29.
- OURS, belonging to us, pertaining to
us, Gen. 26:20; 1 Cor. 1:2.
- OUT, from a place or state, Gen. 2:
- OUTCAST, an exile or wanderer, Jer.
30:17; Isa. 11:12.
- OUTER, that which is on the outside,
- OUTER DARKNESS, extreme gloominess,
- OUTGOINGS, extreme boundaries, Josh.
17:9; 19:22: the "outgoings of the
morning and evening," are the times of
sunrise and sunset, Psal. 65:8.
- OUTLANDISH, foreign, not native, Neh.
- OUTLIVED, did survive, Judg. 2:7.
- OUTRAGEOUS, furious in anger, Prov.
- OUTRUN, did run before, John 20:4.
- OUTSIDE, the external part, Matt.
23:25, 26: the extreme limit, Judg.
- OUTSTRETCHED, powerfully extended,
- OUTWARD, external, 1 Sam. 16:7; 1
- OUTWARDLY, in mere appearance,
Matt. 22:28; Rom. 2:28.
- OUTWENT, ran before another, Matt.
- OVEN, a place or instrument for baking
bread, Lev. 2:4.
- OVER, above, as in a higher place,
Exod. 40:36: in authority, as a ruler,
Gen. 27:29; 41:40: on account of,
Luke 15:7: in watchful care of, 1 Pet.
- OVERCAME, did overcome, Acts 19:16.
- OVERCHARGE, to load excessively, 2
- OVERCHARGED, filled excessively, Luke
- OVERCOME, to conquer, Num. 13:30;
- OVERDRIVE, to fatigue excessively,
- OVERFLOW, to fill above the banks, as
a river, Jer. 47:2: to destroy by a
flood, Deut. 11:4: to ravage with an
army, Dan. 11:10.
- OVERFLOWED, did overflow, Psal.
78:2: did destroy by a flood, 2 Pet.
- OVERFLOWING, excessively flooding,
- OVERLAID, did lie upon, to injury or
death, 1 Kings 3:19.
- OVERLAID, covered over, as with a
plating of metal, Exod. 26:32.
- OVERLAY, to cover over, as with a
plating of metal, Exod. 25:11. Thus
Moses was commanded to overlay the
ark with a plating of fine gold, and the
altar with a plating of brass, Exod. 30:
- OVERLIVE, to survive others, Josh.
- OVERMUCH, excessive, 2 Cor. 2:7.
- OVERPASS, to exceed, Jer. 5:28.
- OVERPAST, gone away, or removed,
- OVERPLUS, what remains of a thing,
- OVERRUNNING, overflowing, Nah. 1:8.
- OVERSEE, to keep, 1 Chron. 9:29: to
superintend, as labourers in a great work,
2 Chron. 2:2.
- OVERSEER, a chief officer, as a steward
in a house, Gen. 39:4, 5: a director
of labourers, 2 Chron. 2:18: a chief
magistrate in a district, Neh. 11:1-9: a
revenue collector in a province, Gen. 41:
34: a bishop of a Christian congregation,
Acts 20:17-28. Overseer is the proper
rendering of the Greek word translated
"bishop;" and pastors of congregations
were so called on account of their office
and pastoral oversight, 1 Pet. 5:1, 2; 1
- OVERSHADOW, to bring a shade over,
- OVERSHADOWED, did cover with a
shadow, Matt. 17:5.
- OVERSIGHT, superintendence, as of
servants, Num. 3:32; or of a building,
4:16; or of a church, as a pastor, 1 Pet.
5:2: a mistake or error, Gen. 43:12.
- OVERSPREAD, covered over, as the
earth with people, Gen. 9:19.
- OVERSPREADING, prevailing, as idola-
try and calamity, Dan. 9:27.
- OVERTAKE, to reach in pursuit, as a
traveller, Gen. 44:4: to fall upon, as
blessings or curses, Deut. 28:2, 15.
- OVERTAKEN, reached in pursuit, Psal.
18:37: discovered, as in a fault, Gal.
- OVERTHROW, destruction, Gen. 19:
29; 2 Pet. 2:6.
- OVERTHROW, to destroy, Gen. 19:21;
Exod. 23:24: to defeat, Acts 5:39:
to subvert, 2 Tim. 1:18.
- OVERTHROWN, defeated, Exod. 15:7;
2 Chron. 14:13: destroyed, Amos 6:
- OVERTURN, to subvert, Ezek. 21:27:
to ruin, Job 12:13.
- OVERTURNED, rolled over by falling,
- OVERWHELM, to crush underneath,
- OVERWHELMED, depressed or dejected,
as the heart with grief, Psal. 77:3:
to destroy underneath, 78:53.
- OVERWISE, excessively knowing in the
affairs of others, Eccles. 7:14.
- OWE, to be indebted, Rom. 13:8.
- OWED, did owe, as a debt, Matt. 18:
- OWL, a bird of prey, whose instincts
lead it to shun the light of day, and seek
its supplies by night, Job 30:29; Isa.
- OWN, belonging to: it is a word added
to the possessive pronouns, giving them
force, as God created man in his own
image, Gen. 1:27.
- OWN, to possess, as property, Lev. 14:
35; Acts 21:11.
- OWNER, one to whom a thing belongs,
- OX, a bullock or bull, Exod. 21:28-
- OXEN, the general name for black
cattle, Gen. 12:16. Oxen were com-
monly used in agriculture, and formed
a great part of patriarchal riches, 24:
35; and references to their qualities and
labours, therefore, are frequent in the
Scriptures, 1 Cor. 9:9.
- O'ZEM, [h] (that feasts, or eagerness), a
brother of king David, 1 Chron. 2:15.
- OZ'NI, [h] (my ear, or my balance), a
son of Gad, and chief of a family of note,
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