Bible Dictionary: V.   1840

  1. VAGABOND, a vagrant or wanderer,
    who has no home or settled habitation,
    Gen. 4:12, 14: a worthless, despicable,
    member of society, Acts 19:13; Psal.
    109:10.
  2. VAIL, a cover, a kind of hood, scarf, or
    mantle, as commonly worn by women
    in the East, to conceal their faces, indi-
    cating modesty and subjection to their
    husbands, Gen. 24:65; 38:14;
    Ruth 3:15; Isa. 3:23.   Taking away, or
    turning aside, the veil of a woman, to look
    on her beauty, was regarded as an act of
    great insolence; and to such an action
    our Lord is believed to refer, Matt. 5:
    28.   The women in Egypt and some
    other nations wear such veils as those
    represented in our engraving.   Paul
    recommends the Christian females of
    Corinth to be so covered, as becoming
    and decent in public worship, 1 Cor. 11:
    3, 15.  
    Moses covered his head with a
    veil, to moderate the glory which shone
    on his face, after his communion with
    God on mount Sinai, Exod. 34:33-35;
    2 Cor. 3:13.   Ignorance covers, as a
    veil, the heathen world, Isa. 25:7; and
    the minds of the Jews, superstitiously
    attached to their abrogated ritual, through
    which they cherish enmity against Christ,
    2 Cor. 3:14.
  3. VAIL OF THE TABERNACLE AND TEM-
    PLE
    : this was a splendid curtain, woven
    of the richest materials, separating
    between the holy place and the most
    holy place, Exod. 26:31-33; 36:35-
    38; Lev. 21:23; Heb. 9:3.   Before this
    veil, at the entrance to the most holy
    place, the altar of incense and the candle-
    stick with its sacred lamps were set,
    where the priests performed the daily
    sacrifices and service, Exod. 40:5, 6, 22,
    25; Lev. 24:3: but within the veil
    the high-priest alone entered only once
    a year, on the great day of atonement,
    Exod. 30:10; Lev. 16:2, 14, 17, 34;
    Heb. 9:3-7.   When our
    Saviour was
    crucified, the veil of the temple was
    miraculously torn from the top to the
    bottom, to indicate the abrogation of the
    Levitical ceremonial by the perfect sacri-
    fice
    of Christ
    , Matt. 27:51; 2 Cor. 3:
    14.
  4. VAIN, worthless, Deut. 32:47; Jam.
    1:26: empty, Prov. 31:30:
    wicked,
    2 Sam. 6:20: proud, Job 11:11, 12.
  5. VAINGLORY, boasting without merit,
    Gal. 5:26; Phil. 2:3.
  6. VAINLY, foolishly, Col. 2:18.
  7. VALE, low ground, a valley, Gal. 14:
    3, 10; Deut. 1:7; Josh. 10:4.
  8. VALIANT, stout, personally strong,
    1 Sam. 14:52: courageous, 2 Sam. 2:7;
    Heb. 11:34.
  9. VALIANTEST, most courageous, Judg.
    21:10.
  10. VALIANTLY, courageously, Num. 24:
    18: successfully, Psal. 60:12.
  11. VALLEY, low ground, especially where
    it is lying between hills, Deut. 34:3;
    Judg. 7:8.   Canaan being a hilly
    country, it was remarkable for its valleys,
    many of which are mentioned by the
    sacred writers.   See particularly ESHCOL,
    HINNOM, JEZREEL, SALT, and SIDDIM.
  12. VALOUR, personal courage, Judg. 3:
    29; 6:12; 1 Kings 11:28.
  13. VALUE, worth, Job 13:4: the esti-
    mated worth of a thing, Matt. 10:31.
  14. VALUE, to estimate the worth, Lev.
    27:8; Matt. 27:9.
  15. VALUED, estimated worth or price,
    Lev. 27:16; Job 28:16; Matt.
    27:9.
  16. VANISH, to melt away, as ice and
    snow, Job 6:17: to flee away, as a cloud
    or shadow, Isa. 51:6; Heb. 8:13.
  17. VANISHED, did vanish or flee away,
    Luke 24:31.
  18. VANISHED, disappeared, died away,
    Jer. 49:7.
  19. VANITY, emptiness, 2 Kings 17:15;
    Isa. 40:17: unsatisfactoriness, Eccles. 1:
    2; 7:15: wretchedness or pain, Job 7:
    3: deceit, Eph. 4:17:
    wickedness, Psal.
    4:2; 119:37.
  20. VAPOUR, moist exhalations: these are
    raised from the surface of the earth, both
    land and water, by the action of the
    sun's heat; and when sufficiently dense,
    by electricity or some other means, they
    are caused to descend in fertilising rains,
    evincing the infinite power, wisdom, and
    goodness of God, Job 36:27-33; Psal.
    135:7; Jer. 10:13.   Raising vapour
    artificially by the steam-engine, is now
    wonderfully serving to illustrate the
    powers of nature, and the mysteries of
    Divine Providence.
  21. VARIABLENESS, inconstancy or change-
    ableness: while we see this property
    belonging to all created things, there is
    not even the shadow of it attaching to
    the being and perfections of
    God, Jam. 1:
    17.
  22. VARIANCE, disagreement, discord, or
    strife, Matt. 10:35; Gal. 5:20.
  23. VASH'TI, [h] (that drinks, or thread, or
    woof), the Persian queen, who refused to
    obey her consort, king Ahasuerus, when
    inflamed with wine, he capriciously com-
    manded her to exhibit her beauty to his
    intoxicated lords, at the great court
    festival: her unjust degradation, which
    was the consequence, was overruled by
    Divine Providence for the elevation of
    Esther, and by her means to promote
    the deliverance of the Jews, Est. 1.; 2.;
    7.; 8.
  24. VAUNT, to boast scornfully, Judg. 7:
    2; 1 Cor. 13:4.
  25. VEHEMENT, ardent, determined, 2 Cor.
    7:11: violent, Sol. Song 8:6; Jon.
    4:8.
  26. VEHEMENTLY, violently, Matt. 14:31;
    Luke 6:4-8.
  27. VEIN, a course, as of silver in a mine,
    Job 28:1.
  28. VENGEANCE, avengement, penal retri-
    bution, Gen. 4:15; Deut. 32:35, 45.
    Divine dispensations of punishment to
    the
    wicked is called vengeance, 2 Thess.
    1:8; Judg. 7.
  29. VENISON, the flesh of deer, Gen. 25:
    28; 27:3, 33.
  30. VENOM, poison, as of a serpent, Deut.
    32:33.
  31. VENOMOUS, poisonous, Acts 28:4.
  32. VENT, an outlet, Job 32:19.
  33. VENTURE, hazard, undesignedness,
    1 Kings 22:34.
  34. VERIFIED, proved to be true, Gen.
    42:20.   God's word is verified when
    His promise is fulfilled
    , 1 Kings 8:26.
  35. VERILY, surely, certainly, Gen. 42:
    21; Exod. 31:13; Matt. 5:18; Acts 16:
    37.
  36. VERITY, truth, Psal. 111:7; 1 Tim.
    2:7.
  37. VERMILION, a bright red paint, which
    was used for colouring chambers, Jer.
    22:14, and for sketching figures, Ezek.
    23:14.
  38. VERY, true, Gen. 27:21: exceeding,
    Num. 12:3; Jam. 5:11: real, Heb. 10:1.
  39. VESSEL, a dish or basket, Deut. 23:
    24: a pitcher or pot, Jer. 18:4: a pail
    or cask, 2 Kings 4:3: an instrument for
    any work or service, as of brass, iron,
    Josh. 6:19, 24, or cloth, Acts 10:11.
    The vessels of the tabernacle were
    sacred, Exod. 40:10; Num. 18:3;
    others were common, 2 Tim. 2:20.
    Wicked men are vessels of wrath, Rom.
    9:22; holy men are vessels of mercy,
    23.   Paul was a "chosen vessel," de-
    signed as an apostle to the Gentiles,
    Acts 9:15.
  40. VESTMENTS, robes, as for the priests
    and worshippers of Baal, 2 Kings 10:22.
  41. VESTRY, a room for robing ministers,
    as the apartment for the keeping of the
    robes of the idolaters, 2 Kings 10:22.
  42. VESTURE, an upper robe, Gen. 41:42;
    Deut. 22:12.   Our
    Saviour's vesture,
    for which the soldiers cast lots, was of
    a peculiar manufacture, adapted to the
    accomplishment of the
    inspired prophecy,
    Psal. 22:18; John 19:23, 24.   Christ
    being clothed with a "vesture dipped in
    blood[,]"
    as represented in the vision to
    John, and having a name written on it,
    "KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS[,]"
    denoted His sovereign power to vindicate
    His honour in the destruction of enemies
    ,
    Rev. 19:13-16.
  43. VEX, to distress, Exod. 22:21: to
    injure or afflict, Lev. 18:18: to perse-
    cute, Acts 12:1: to punish, Num. 25:
    17.
  44. VEXATION, distress, Deut. 28:20;
    Isa. 65:14; 2 Chron. 15:5.
  45. VEXED, did vex or distress, as with
    oppression, Num. 20:15; Judg. 2:18;
    or invasion by war, 10:8; 1 Sam. 14:47:
    did provoke, Isa. 63:10.
  46. VEXED, distressed, Judg. 16:16; 2
    Kings 4:27; Matt. 15:22.
  47. VIAL, a small vessel of the bottle kind,
    1 Sam. 10:1: a kind of censer for incense,
    Rev. 5:8.
  48. VIALS: the vials of apocalyptic angels
    were
    censers; and the "pouring out" of
    them denotes signal interpositions of
    Divine Providence, especially in punish-
    ing the enemies of the church of Christ,
    Rev. 15:7.
  49. VICTORY, the act of overcoming an
    enemy, as in battle, 2 Sam. 19:2; 23:
    10; or in the triumph of faith in a
    Christian, 1 John 5:4; or of divine
    truth
    in the gospel, Matt. 12:20; or of divine
    power in the resurrection, Isa. 25:8;
    1 Cor. 15:54, 57.
  50. VICTUALS, food, as meat and drink,
    Gen. 14:11; 1 Sam. 22:10; Matt. 14:
    15.
  51. VIEW, to look at intently, 2 Kings 2:
    7, 15: to survey or examine, Josh. 2:7;
    7:2.
  52. VIEWED, did view or survey, Josh. 7:
    2; Neh. 2:13.
  53. VIGILANT, watchful in duty, 1 Tim.
    3:2; 1 Pet. 5:8.
  54. VILE, worthless, 1 Sam. 15:9; Jer.
    15:19: base, 1 Sam. 3:13: Isa. 32:
    5, 6: corrupt, Rom. 1:26.
  55. VILELY, dishonourably, 2 Sam. 1:21.
  56. VILER, more vile or baser, Job 30:
    8.
  57. VILEST, basest, most unprincipled,
    Psal. 12:8.
  58. VILLAGE, a small town, Matt. 21:2;
    Luke 24:13; Lev. 25:31.
  59. VILLANY, base or dishonourable words
    and practices, Isa. 32:6; Jer. 29:
    23.
  60. VINE, the well-known beautiful shrub
    which produces grapes, of which there
    are several kinds, Gen. 40:9, 10; Lev.
    25:5.   Many instructive allusions are
    made by the sacred writers to the vine,
    on account of its fruitfulness; as an
    emblem of peace, 1 Kings 4:25; Mic. 4:
    4; of the mother of a family, Psal.
    128:3; and of a nation, Isa. 5:1;
    Jer. 2:21.   Our
    Saviour also compares
    Himself to a vine, and His disciples to
    the branches, as bearing the fruits of
    holiness, deriving their virtues from his
    fulness of grace and blessings
    , John 15:
    1-5.
  61. VINE-DRESSERS, cultivators of vines,
    2 Kings 25:12; Joel 1:11.
  62. VINEGAR, an acid liquor made by a
    second fermentation of vinous drinks:
    some vinegar appears to have been very
    strong, Prov. 10:26; 25:20: but this
    diluted, or a weaker kind, made a beve-
    rage peculiarly grateful in the hot sea-
    sons, as harvest, Ruth 2:14.   Vinegar,
    and all juices from the vine, were for-
    bidden to be used by
    Nazarites, Num.
    6:3; Luke 1:15.
  63. VINEYARD, a piece of ground cleared
    and fenced for the planting and cultiva-
    ting of vines, Gen. 9:20; Lev. 19:10;
    25:3, 4; Matt. 21:28, 33.   A good
    vineyard contained a thousand vines,
    the rental of which would be as many
    silverlings or shekels, Isa. 7:23.   The
    prophets speak of the Israelitish church
    under the similitude of a vineyard, Psal.
    80:15; Isa. 5:1-7.
  64. VINTAGE, the grape harvest, Lev.
    26:5; Mic. 7:1.
  65. VIOL, a stringed musical instrument,
    Isa. 5:17; 14:11; Amos 6:5.
  66. VIOLATED, profanely transgressed,
    Ezek. 22:26.
  67. VIOLENCE, daring outrage, Gen. 6:
    11; Luke 3:14; Acts 21:35: force,
    27:41.   Our Saviour's saying, "the
    kingdom of heaven suffereth violence,
    and the violent take it by force[,]"
    denotes
    the ardour of mind with which many
    were seeking salvation, after the
    preach-
    ing
    of John the Baptist
    , Matt. 11:12.
  68. VIOLENT, passionate, daring, forcible,
    Psal. 7:16; Eccles. 5:8.
  69. VIOLENTLY, forcibly, Gen. 21:25:
    eagerly, precipitately, Matt. 8:32.
  70. VIPER, a small kind of serpent, seldom
    exceeding three feet in length, disin-
    guished for the venomousness of its bite,
    by which poison is distilled into the
    wound; it is, therefore, regarded with
    peculiar dread, Job 20:16; Isa. 30:6;
    59:5; Acts 28:3.   Hence the appro-
    priateness of the censure addressed to
    the hypocritical Pharisees and Sadducees
    by John the Baptist and our Saviour,
    Matt. 3:7; 12:34; 23:33.
  71. VIRGIN, a chaste unmarried woman,
    Gen. 24:16; 2 Sam. 13:2; Acts 21:9.
    Virgin is sometimes applied to a city,
    nation, or country, 2 Kings 19:21; Jer.
    31:4; 46:11.
  72. VIRGINITY, the condition or purity of
    a virgin, Lev. 21:12; Judg. 11:37.
  73. VIRTUE, moral goodness or holiness,
    Phil. 4:8; 2 Pet. 1:3: divine power or
    energy, as for the healing of diseases,
    Mark 5:30: courage in maintaining the
    truth of the gospel, and in enduring afflic-
    tions, 2 Pet. 1:5.
  74. VIRTUOUS, morally or socially good,
    Ruth 3:11; Prov. 12:4; 31:10.
  75. VIRTUOUSLY, commendably, exempla-
    rily, Prov. 31:29.
  76. VISAGE, the face or countenance, Isa.
    52:14; Dan. 3:19.
  77. VISIBLE, that may be seen, Col. 1:16.
  78. VISION, the act of seeing, or thing
    seen, especially the appearance of an
    angel, Gen. 15:1; Luke 24:23.   Before
    the writing of Divine Revelation,
    God
    was pleased frequently to reveal Himself
    to the patriarchs, to pious persons, and
    to the prophets, by dreams and visions;
    thus illuminating their minds and making
    His voice to be heard, He filled them with
    heavenly knowledge
    , Gen. 28:12;
    46:2; 2 Sam. 3:1, 15; Job 4:13;
    33:14, 15; Isa. 6:1; Dan. 2:19;
    8:1, 26.   Christ gave a vision of His
    divine glory to some of His apostles on
    the mount of transfiguration
    , Matt. 17:
    9; and Ananias, Cornelius, Peter, Paul,
    and John, were especially instructed by
    this means
    , Acts 9:10, 12; 10:3, 19;
    16:9; 26:13; 2 Cor. 12:1; Rev. 9:
    17.   Prophecy is called vision, as by this
    means God communicated His mind to
    the prophets
    , 2 Chron. 32:32; Jer. 14:
    14; Hab. 2:2.
  79. VISIT, to see, especially by going to
    an object, Jam. 1:27: thus Moses left the
    court of Egypt to investigate the condi-
    tion of his brethren of Israel, Acts 7:
    23: so
    Paul, with Barnabas, visited the
    brethren in the several cities where his
    ministry had been the means of their
    conversion, 15:36.   God visits men by
    His daily mercies
    , Job 7:18; by His
    gracious influences
    , Psal. 106:4; and by
    punishing the wicked
    , Exod. 32:34;
    Hos. 8:13.
  80. VISITATION, the act of visiting, as
    God favours men by His providential
    dispensations, Luke 19:44; 1 Pet. 2:12;
    by His gracious influences, Job 10:12; by
    death, Num. 16:29.
  81. VISITED, did visit or go to see, Judg.
    15:1; Matt. 25:36: did favour, as God
    in His merciful providence, Gen. 21:1;
    1 Sam. 2:21.
  82. VISITED, favoured, as with providen-
    tial mercies, Exod. 4:31; or with cove-
    nant blessings, Luke 1:68; 7:16.
  83. VISITING, taking account of, as in
    judgment, Exod. 20:5; 34:7.
  84. VOCATION, a calling, as the state and
    profession of peace and friendship with
    God, into which believers are called by
    His word and Spirit, Eph. 4:1.
  85. VOICE, the sound of a person speaking
    or crying, Gen. 27:22; 29:11: the
    singing of birds, Eccles. 12:4: the sound
    of a trumpet or of thunder, Rev. 8:13;
    10:3: advice or counsel, Gen. 3:17; 21:
    12; Exod. 18:19, 24.   God's voice, to
    which we must hearken, is His revealed
    will
    , Exod. 15:26; Heb. 4:7.   John the
    Baptist called himself only the "voice[,]"
    proclaiming his glorious Lord as the
    Messiah, John 1:23.   To change the
    voice is to refrain from reproof, and give
    consolation, Gal. 4:20.
  86. VOID, destitute, as the earth was at
    the
    creation without inhabitants, Gen. 1:
    2; as a city is when ruined by war, Nah.
    2:10; as ungodly persons are, without
    true wisdom, Deut. 32:28; as the
    vow of a woman was without force,
    when disallowed by her husband, Num.
    30:12; as the word of God cannot be
    without efficacy, because of His gracious
    influences
    , Isa. 55:11; as the conscience
    of a good man is without guilt living in
    the fear of God, Acts 24:16.
  87. VOLUME, a roll, as of parchment, in
    which form books were in the times of
    the sacred writers, Psal. 40:7; Heb. 10:7.
    See BOOK.
  88. VOLUNTARILY, willingly, Ezek. 46:
    12.
  89. VOLUNTARY, willing, as a contribution,
    offering, or service, not required by law,
    but arising from the free inclination of
    a person, Lev. 1:3; Ezek. 46:12; Col.
    2:18.
  90. VOMIT, matter thrown up from a dis-
    ordered stomach, Isa. 19:14; 28:8;
    2 Pet. 2:22.
  91. VOMIT, to cast up from the stomach,
    Lev. 18:25; Prov. 23:8; Jon. 2:10.
  92. VOMITED, did vomit, Jon. 2:10.
  93. VOW, a solemn promise of some special
    service or offering, Gen. 28:20; 31:
    13.   Vows were common in the early
    ages, with a view to obtain peculiar
    blessings, as children, Job 22:27; 1 Sam.
    1:11; and under the Levitical dispensa-
    tion there were special regulations given
    for them in the laws of Moses, Lev. 7:
    16; 22:18, 23; Num. 30:2, 13.   The
    most remarkable vows were those of
    Nazarites, Num. 6:2, 21.   See
    NAZARITE.
  94. VOW, to make a solemn promise, Num.
    6:2; Eccles. 5:4; Mal. 1:14.
  95. VOWED, did vow or promise solemnly,
    Gen. 28:20; Judg. 11:30.
  96. VOYAGE, a course of travelling by sea,
    Acts 27:10.
  97. VULTURE, a large bird of prey resem-
    bling an eagle; there are several species
    of it, of most indelicate voracity, abound-
    ing in the mountainous parts of Egypt
    and Arabia, Lev. 11:14; Job 28:7;
    Isa. 34:15.

Go to index.htm