Bible Dictionary: Bn. 1840
- BOANERGES, [g] (sons of thunder),
a new title given to James and John by
Jesus Christ, on account, as is supposed,
of their ardour and energy in preaching
the gospel, and their future success in
promoting the kingdom of Christ, Mark
3:17; Luke 9:54.
- BOAR, the male swine: our engraving
represents the Abyssinian species, pro-
bably the same as that of Palestine.
The [people] of God is represented by the
prophet as destroyed by enemies with
the fierceness of a wild boar in a vine-
yard, Psal. 80:13.
- BOARD, a flat piece of wood, Exod.
26:29; Acts 27:44.
- BOAST, a glorying speech, Psa. 34:
2; Rom. 2:17, 23.
- BOAST, to glory, as with a proud
speech, 1 Kings 20:11, or with pious
joy, Psal. 44:8; 2 Cor. 9:2.
- BOASTERS, vain talkers, Rom. 1:3;
2 Tim. 3:2.
- BOASTING, the act of glorying, whether
in good, 2 Cor. 9:3, 4; or evil, Rom. 3:
27; Jam. 4:16.
- BOASTING, vainly pretending, Acts 5:
- BOAT, a small vessel to pass the water
in, Acts 28:30-32.
- BO'AZ, [h] (alacrity), a wealthy citizen
of Bethlehem, the husband of Ruth, and
grandfather of Jesse, the father of David,
Ruth 2:1; 4:13, 22.
- BO'CHIM [h] (weepers), a place where
the Israelites assembled, probably for
idolatry, after the death of Joshua, and
wept on being reproved by an angel
for making alliances with the wicked
Canaanites, Judg. 2:1-5.
- BODILY, personal, Luke 3:22; 1 Tim.
- BODILY, substantially, Col. 2:9.
- BODY, the material part of man, 1 Sam.
31:12; in the resurrection it will be
changed to a spiritual body, being glori-
fied and made immortal, 1 Cor. 15:42-44;
Phil. 3:21: the whole man, Rom. 6:12;
12:1: the members collectively of the
[local] church, Eph. 2:16; Col. 1:18:
the natural passions, 1 Cor. 9:27: the
material heavens, Exod. 24:10.
- Body, human. It alone goes to the grave after death.
- BOIL, a sore angry swelling, Exod. 9:
9-11; Job 2:17.
- BOIL, to agitate with heat, as waters
in a pot, Isa. 64:2: to prepare food by
heated water, Lev. 8:31: to agitate
greatly, Job 41:31.
- BOISTEROUS, stormy and furious, Matt.
- BOLD, courageous, Prov. 28:1; Acts
13:46: with unrestrained freedom, as
in the declaring of truth, Rom. 10:10.
- BOLDLY, courageously, Mark 15:13:
without restraint, John 8:26: with
liberty of mind and speech, Heb. 4:16.
- BOLDNESS, courage, Acts 4:13, 31:
holy confidence, Eph. 3:12; Heb. 10:19.
- BOLLED, filled or podded, as the stems
of the flax when nearly ripe, Exod. 9:
- BOLSTER, a support of the head on the
bed, 1 Sam. 19:13; 26:7.
- BOLT, to fasten a door with a bar of
iron or wood, 2 Sam. 13:17, 18.
- BOND, an obligation, Num. 30:2-4:
oppressive power, as of affliction, Luke
13:6, or of depraved passion, Acts 8:
23. The gracious influences of the Spirit
are called the bond of peace, Eph. 4:3,
and the bond of perfectness, Col. 3:14.
- BONDS are bands or chains, as worn
by prisoners, Acts 20:23; 26:29:
imprisonment, Phil. 1:7-16: subjection,
as of a nation, Jer. 30:8: despotic
authority, Job 12:18: afflictions, Psal.
116:16: obligations by vows, Num. 30:
- BOND, bound or subjected to slavery,
1 Cor. 12:13; Rev. 6:15.
- BONDAGE, slavery, Exod. 1:14; 6:5:
servitude in captivity, Ezra 9:8, 9:
servile, fear, Rom. 8:15: subjection,
as to the yoke of ceremonies in the law,
Gal. 4:3-9, or to the domination of sin
and Satan, Heb. 2:15; Eph. 2:21, or to
death, Rom. 8:21.
- BONDMAID, a domestic female slave,
Lev. 25:44; Gal. 4:22.
- BONDMAN, a slave, Gen. 44:33; Deut.
15:15: a servile labourer, 1 Kings 9:
- BONDSERVANT, a servile labourer,
- BONDSERVICE, compulsory labour,
1 Kings 9:21.
- BONDWOMAN, a domestic female slave,
Gen. 21:10; Gal. 4:23.
- BONE, the hard white substance in the
animal frame, Exod. 12:46: a near rela-
tion, Gen. 2:23; 29:14: an unfeeling
heart, Prov. 25:15.
- BONES, the hard parts of the body,
Job 10:11: a withered corpse, Josh. 24:
32; 2 Kings 13:21: a feeble constitution,
Prov. 3:8; 16:24.
- BONNET, a sacerdotal cap, resembling
the mitre of the high-priest, worn by
the sons of Aaron, Exod. 28:40;
39:28. See MITRE.
- BOOK, a written record, Gen. 5:1;
Est. 6:1; Luke 4:17-20. The Bible
contains sixty-six books, most of which
were separately published. The history
of books is very curious, as the materials
for writing have been various in different
ages, consisting of stone, wood, plates of
lead, iron, and copper. God's law was
written on stone; Hesiod's poems on
tables of lead; and Solon's laws on
wooden planks. Palm-leaves, the inner
bark of trees, the Egyptian reed papyrus,
whence the name paper, have been much
used. Parchment was afterwards in-
vented, and a book of this, consisting of
one, two, or more skins, being rolled on
a stick, was called a volume, from the
Latin word volumen. Printing of books
was invented about A.D. 1450. Our
engraving represents a group of papyri,
sealed and loose, table-books, ink-horn,
and writing-reed, selected from the
paintings of Herculaneum and Pompeii.
See PAPER, WRITING, and the Intro-
duction to this work.
- Book, the. See Bibliology.
- BOOK OF LIFE, God's perfect and
eternal recognition of all His servants,
in allusion to city registers, Phil. 4:3.
Disorderly vagabond citizens had their
worthless names erased, Rev. 3:5.
- BOOK OF REMEMBRANCE, this denotes
God's omniscient observance of His
people's obedient services, Mal. 3:16.
- BOOK OF THE WARS OF THE LORD,
- BOOK OF JASHER, Josh. 10:13; 2 Sam.
1:18, are titles of ancient writings known
to the Israelites, but not preserved as
parts of the Holy Scriptures.
- BOOK OF THE CHRONICLES, 2 Kings
14:, . See CHRONICLES.
- BOOTH, an arbour of green boughs, as
used by the Israelites, at the feast of
tabernacles, in memory of their dwelling
forty years in the deserts of Arabia, Lev.
- BOOTY, property taken as prey in
battle, Num. 31:32; Zeph. 1:13.
- BORDER, the edge or hem of a gar-
ment, Num. 15:38; Mark 6:56: the
rim of a vessel or cover, Exod. 25:25;
1 Kings 7:28: the boundary of a coun-
try, Gen. 49:13; 1 Kings 4:21.
- BORE, to pierce through, Exod. 21:6;
2 Kings 12:9.
- BORN, naturally produced, Gen. 17:
17; Exod. 1:22: regenerated and con-
verted to God, John 1:13. This spiritual
birth is called being born again, 1 Pet. 1:
23, born of the Spirit, John 3:5-8, and
born of God, 1 John 3:9; 4:7; 5:1.
- Born Again. You "must be[.]"--Jesus says in John 3:3, 7.
See The New Birth.
- BORNE, carried, Exod. 25:14, 28: sup-
ported, Judg. 16:29: been impressed
with, 1 Cor. 15:49: endured, Job 34:
31; Isa. 53:4; Matt. 23:4.
- BORROW, to take goods or money on
loan, 2 Kings 4:3; Nah. 5:4: to ask or
request, Exod. 3:22; 11:2.
- BORROWED, received on loan, 2 Kings
6:5; Neh. 5:4. The Israelites asked or
requested, as the Hebrew word rendered
borrowed, Exod. 12:35, signifies, from
- BORROWER, he who takes money on
loan, a dependant, Prov. 22:7.
- BOSOM, the fore part of the body
enclosing the heart, Exod. 4:6: the
folding of the arms, Psal. 129:7: the
embrace, 1 Kings 17:19; Isa. 40:11:
intimate knowledge and affection, John
1:16. Abraham's bosom denotes fellow-
ship with that patriarch in Heaven in the
presence of God, Luke 16:23.
- Bosom, Abraham's. Luke 16:19-31.
- BOSSES, studs or thick offensive parts,
- BOTCH, a disease, indicated by erup-
tions in the skin, Deut. 28:27.
- BOTH, the two, the one and the other,
Gen. 2:25; Num. 12:5; Acts 23:8.
- BOTTLE, a vessel to contain liquids,
Gen. 21:14; Judg. 4:19. Bottles were
anciently leathern bags, made of the
skins of goats taken off the animal whole,
Josh. 9:4, 13. New wine fermentation,
therefore, required new bottles, Matt.
9:17; Luke 5:37, 38. Some earthen
bottles were made in the time of Jere-
miah, when the art of pottery had been
advanced greatly towards perfection,
Jer. 19:1, 10. Clouds are called bottles
of heaven, Job 38:37. Our engrav-
ing represents a modern oriental vessel
of leather, which is believed to be iden-
tical with the ancient bottle of Scripture.
- BOTTOM, the lowest part, Matt. 27:
51: the ground under the sea, Exod. 15:
5: the floor, as of a den, Dan. 6:24: a
valley, Zech. 1:8.
- BOTTOMLESS, without a bottom, un-
fathomable, Rev. 9:1; 20:1-3.
- BOUGH, a branch of a tree, Judg. 9:
48, 49: a chief member of a family, as
Joseph was of Jacob's, Gen. 49:22.
- BOUGHT, purchased, as corn or land,
Gen. 47:14-20: redeemed, as Chris-
tians have been bought with the price of
the Saviour's blood, 1 Cor. 6:20.
- BOUND, the end or boundary, Gen.
49:26: the sea-shore, John 14:5; Jer.
5:22: the limits of our habitation, Acts
- BOUND, did chain or make fast, Gen.
42:24: afflicted, Luke 13:16: engaged,
as by a solemn obligation, Acts 23:12.
- BOUND, bandaged, Judg. 16:6-13:
fastened, as with chains, Acts 12:6:
imprisoned, Gen. 40:3: obliged by law,
Rom. 7:2: restrained, 2 Tim. 2:9.
- BOUNTIFUL, liberal or generous, Isa.
- BOUNTIFULLY, liberally, Psal. 13:6;
2 Cor. 9:6.
- BOUNTIFULNESS, liberality or genero-
sity, 2 Cor. 9:6.
- BOW, a warlike instrument for shoot-
ing arrows, 2 Kings 9:24: furniture of
war, Psal. 44:6: military power, Hos.
1:5-7: strength, Job 29:20: the rain-
bow, God's token of his covenant of
safety, Gen. 9:13, 14.
- BOW, to stoop, as an act of homage,
Gen. 23:12, or worship, Josh. 23:7,
or through infirmity, Eccles. 12:3.
- BOWED, stooped, with weakness, Luke
13:11: in homage, Gen. 43:26; or in
divine worship, Exod. 34:8.
- BOWELS, the entrails, 2 Sam. 20:10;
Acts 1:18: the womb, Gen. 25:23:
the heart, 2 Cor. 6:12: pity, or com-
passion, Isa. 63:15: affectionate regard,
Phil. 1:8: a person beloved, Phil. 12.
- BOWL, a large drinking vessel, Num.
7:85; Amos 6:6: a vessel to supply
oil in a lamp, Zech. 4:2, 3.
- BOX, a small vessel for oil or ointment,
2 Kings 9:1; Mark 14:3. See ALA-
- BOX-TREE, a well-known evergreen.
Dr. Harris and others suppose that the
prophet Isaiah means a more stately tree
than that known as the box, Isa. 41:19;
- BOY, a male child, Gen. 25:27; Zech.
- BOZ'RAH [h] (tribulation), a famous
city of Idumea, eastward of Bashan: it
was allotted to the tribe of Reuben,
and was a frontier town of Edom and
Moab, Gen. 36:36; Isa. 34:6; Jer.
48:24; Amos 1:12. See BEZER.
- BRACELET, a ring or clasp, usually
made of gold or silver, worn on the wrist
or arm, especially by ladies, Gen. 24:
30; 38:18; Ezek. 16:11. Some
were richly jewelled and indicated
royalty, 2 Sam. 1:10. Our engraving
represents a group of bracelets selected
from Egyptian antiquities.
- BRAKE, did break, Exod. 32:1, 19;
John 19:32, 33.
- BRAMBLE, a weak prickly shrub, Judg.
9:14; Luke 6:44.
- BRANCH, the bough of a tree, Num.
13:23: a projecting part, Exod. 25:
32, 33: part of a family, Mal. 4:1.
- BRANCH, a title of Christ as the pro-
mised Messiah, rising from the root of
Jesse, and of the royal family of David,
Isa. 11:1; Jer. 23:5; Zech. 3:8.
- BRAND, a burning stick, or one ready
for the fire, Judg. 15:15: a sinner for-
given and sanctified is called a "brand
plucked out of the fire[,]" as Joshua and
every saint, Zech. 3:2; Eph. 2:1-3.
- BRANDISH, to shake with threatening,
as a sword, Ezek. 32:10.
- BRASEN, made of brass or copper,
Exod. 27:4; 2 Chron. 6:13.
- BRASEN SEA, 2 Kings 25:13. See
- BRASS, a shining yellow metal: but
that of the ancients was copper, Gen. 4:
22; Exod. 25:2; Deut. 8:9. Brass
being a mixed metal was invented in the
thirteenth century by the Germans.
Mountains of brass denote the firmly
immoveable decrees of God, Zech. 6:1.
- BRAVERY, gaudy apparel, Isa. 3:1, 8.
- BRAWLER, a noisy wrangler, 1 Tim. 3:
3; Tit. 3:2.
- BRAWLING, noisy wrangling, Prov.
- BRAY, to cry as an ass, Job 6:5: to
bruise in pieces, Prov. 27:22.
- BREACH, a fracture, a bruise, Lev.
24:20: a broken place in a wall or
building, 2 Kings 12:5, 12: separation
through provocation, as sin against God,
Psal. 106:23: non-performance of a pro-
mise, Num. 14:34.
- BREAD, food prepared from corn, Lev.
8:26: natural food, Gen. 3:9: neces-
sary provision, Matt. 6:11: the wealth
of enemies, Num. 14:9.
- BREAD FROM HEAVEN, the manna
given miraculously to the Israelites, Exod.
16:4; Neh. 9:13. Jesus Christ, as a
Saviour, answering the whole spiritual
need of guilty mortals, is called the true
bread from heaven, and, the bread of
life, John 6:33-35.
- BREADTH, the measure across from
side to side, Gen. 6:15; 1 Kings 6:2.
- BREAK, to part or burst by violence,
Gen. 19:9: to dash in pieces, Lev. 11:
33: to disunite or separate, Zech. 11:14:
to overthrow an oppressive power, Isa.
14:25: to weaken, Psal. 10:15: to
violate an engagement, as a vow, Num.
30:2; or a treaty of peace, 1 Kings 15:
19: to transgress, as the covenant or
law of God, Lev. 26:15; Matt. 5:19.
- BREAKER, he that breaks, a violator,
Rom. 1:31; 2:25: an avenger or vindi-
cator, Mic. 2:13.
- BREAST, the part of the body con-
taining the heart, Luke 18:13; Rev.
15:6: the teats, Job 3:12; 24:9:
riches, Isa. 60:16.
- BREASTPLATE, a covering of defence
for the heart, Rev. 9:9: faith and love,
as imperishable divine principles, form
the breastplate of sure defence to a Chris-
tian, 1 Thess. 5:8.
- BREASTPLATE OF JUDGMENT, the
rich ornament of the high-priest of
Israel, consisting of a gold frame about
ten inches square, set with twelve pre-
cious stones, on which were engraven
the several names of the tribes of Israel:
it was worn by the high-priest on special
occasions, as a memorial before the
LORD, to denote his afflection for the
people, on whose account he ministered,
as a type of Jesus Christ, Exod. 28:
15-30; Heb. 9:24. The names on the
gems are supposed to have formed the
Urim and Thummim, by which the
mind of God was revealed as by an oracle,
Lev. 8:8. See THUMMIM.
- BREATH, the air which we breathe,
Job 9:18; Acts 17:25: the voice, Job
19:17: life, Dan. 5:23: God's almighty
word, Gen. 2:7; [Job] 33:4: God's
anger, Job 4:9.
- BREATHE, to draw the breath, Josh.
10:10: to live, 11:11: to create or infuse
life, Gen. 2:7: to inspire with the Holy
Spirit, John 20:22.
- BREATHED, did breathe, Josh. 10:40.
God breathed into the human frame of
the first man, and so filled it with life
and reason, Gen. 2:7.
- BREATHING, drawing the breathe, Lam.
3:56: putting forth denunciations with
every act of breathing, Acts 9:1.
- BRED, did breed, or produce, Exod.
- BREECHES, coverings for the loins and
thighs, Exod. 28:42.
- BREED, a race or species, as of sheep,
- BREED, procreate, Gen. 8:17.
- BRETHREN, natural brothers, Gen. 42:
3; 50:15: near relations, Num. 27:4,
11: fellow citizens, Gen. 19:17: fellow
ministers, 2 Cor. 8:23: fellow Chris-
tians, Col. 1:20: especially by divine
adoption, John 20:17.
- BRIBE, a present given to a judge to
procure his favour in a cause so as to
pervert the administration of judgment,
1 Sam. 8:3; Amos 5:12.
- BRIBERY, the crime of giving or tak-
ing rewards for corrupt practices, Job
- BRICK, a mass of clay for the purpose,
of building, Gen. 11:3; Isa. 9:10.
- BRICK-KILN, a kiln to burn bricks, 2
- BRIDE, a woman newly married, Isa.
62:5: the collective church of Christ
espoused in an everlasting covenant, and
prepared for the honour and felicity of
heaven by his perfect righteousness and
the grace of his Spirit, Rev. 19:8, 9;
- Bride of Christ, The. All faithful Christians to the Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ,
the Book (KJV, Greek TR, Hebrew MT, and the like),
and the N. T. churches (e.g. Baptist).
- BRIDE-CHAMBER, the apartment for
the entertainment of friends at a wed-
ding, Matt. 9:15.
- BRIDEGROOM, a newly married man,
- BRIDLE, the headstall and reins by
which the rider governs his horse, Psal.
32:9: the restraints of the Divine
power and providence, 2 Kings 19:28;
Isa. 30:28: the restraints of law or
custom, Job 30:11.
- BRIDLE, to restrain or govern, as the
tongue, Jam. 1:26; 3:2.
- BRIEFLY, concisely, in a few words,
Rom. 13:9; 1 Pet. 5:12.
- BRIER, a prickly bush, Isa. 5:6; 55:
13: a hurtful person, or enemy, Ezek.
- BRIGANDINE, a warrior's coat of
armour, made of iron rings, Jer. 46:4;
- BRIGHT, shining, 1 Kings 7:45:
luminous or white, Matt. 17:5.
- BRIGHTNESS, light or lustre, Job 31:
26; Acts 26:23: royal dignity and
glory, Dan. 4:36: spiritual holiness and
zeal, Isa. 60:3: excellence, Heb. 1:3.
- BRIM, the edge, as of a river, Josh.
3:15: the top of a vessel, John 2:7.
- BRIMSTONE, sulphur, Gen. 19:24;
Deut. 29:23: great destruction, Job
17:15: extreme miseries, Psal. 40:6;
- BRING, to fetch from another place,
Gen. 6:17-19: to lead, Exod. 6:8: to
declare or report, Luke 2:10: to recal,
John 14:26: to charge, Acts 5:28: to
govern, 1 Cor. 9:27.
- BRINGERS UP, guardians or instructors
of children, 2 Kings 10:5.
- BRINGING, leading, Exod. 12:42: car-
rying, 1 Kings 10:22.
- BRINK, the edge, as of a river, Gen.
41:3; Exod. 2:3.
- BROAD, wide, Num. 16:38: thick,
Jer. 51:58: comprehensive, Psal. 119:
96; thus the law of God is exceeding
broad, reaching to all persons, and to
their thoughts as well as actions, requir-
ing perfect holiness.
- BROADER, wider, Job 11:9.
- BROIDERED, flowered with various-
coloured needle-work, Exod. 28:4.
- BROILED, dressed for food, as meat
by lying on fire coals, Luke 24:42.
- BROKEN, dashed to pieces, Lev. 6:28:
wrecked, as a ship, 1 Kings 22:48: vio-
lated, Num. 15:31: ruined, Dan. 8:25.
- BROOD, offspring, as chickens, Luke
- BROOK, a rivulet, a small stream, Gen.
32:23; 1 Kings 17:3-6.
- BROTH, liquor in which meat has
been boiled, either for food, Judg. 6:
19, 20, or for idolatrous rites, Isa. 65:4.
- BROTHER, a male born of the same
parents, Gen. 24:29; Job 1:29: a near
relation, as a nephew, Gen. 29:15, or
cousin, Gal. 1:19: one of the same
nation, Jer. 34:9, 14: a fellow Chris-
tian, Rom. 16:23; a fellow creature,
Matt. 18:35.--"James the Lord's
brother[,]" Gal 1:19; Mark 6:3, and his
brethren, Joses, Simon, and Judas, are
believed to have been the sons of Al-
pheus, Matt. 13:55; 27:56; Luke 6:
15, 16; John 19:25.
- BROTHERHOOD, fraternity, as the
union of nations, Zech. 11:14, or of pious
persons, 2 Pet. 1:7.
- BROUGHT, carried, Gen. 43:26:
conducted, Exod. 32:1: elevated, 2
Sam. 7:18: revealed, 2 Tim. 1:10.
- BROW, the forehead, Isa. 48:4: the
edge of a hill, Luke 4:29.
- BROWN, a colour resembling earth,
- BRUISE, a hurt, or wound, Nah. 3:19.
Wickedness with its consequent dis-
orders and calamities was the bruise of
Israel, Jer. 30:12; Isa. 1:6.
- BRUISE, to crush, Dan. 2:40: to
wound, Gen. 3:15: to afflict or punish,
Isa. 53:10: to subdue, Rom. 16:20.
- BRUISED, wounded, Lev. 22:24:
afflicted, Luke 4:13: defiled, Ezek. 23:
3, 8: punished, Isa. 53:5.
- BRUIT, rumour or report, Jer. 10:22;
- BRUTE, irrational as a beast, 2 Pet. 2:
12; Jude 12.
- BRUTISH, irrational or senseless, Prov.
12:1: unfeeling, Ezek. 21:31.
- BUCKET, the vessel in which water is
drawn from a well, Num. 24:7; Isa.
- BUCKLER, a piece of defensive armour
to shield the breast, 1 Chron. 5:18. God
is the buckler of His people, as he is
their defender, Psal. 18:2; Prov. 2:7.
- BUD, the first shoot of a plant, Job
38:27; Num. 17:8.
- BUD, to put forth shoots, Job 14:9;
Isa. 55:10. Men and nations bud when
their children rise to eminence, Psal.
132:17; Exod. 29:21.
- BUDDED, put forth as buds, Gen. 40:
10. Pride budded in acts of oppression
and wickedness, Ezek. 7:10.
- BUFFET, to beat, 2 Cor. 12:7.
- BUILD, to erect, as a city, Gen. 11:4,
house, Deut. 28:30, or altar, Exod.
20:25: to raise up or establish a nation
or family, Jer. 18:9; 33:7: to
instruct or edify with knowledge and
truth, Acts 20:32: to establish, as the
doctrines or interests of Christianity, 1
Cor. 3:12; Gal. 2:18.
- BUILDER, one who builds, as houses,
1 Kings 5:18; Ezra 3:10: a teacher,
Matt. 21:42; Acts 4:11. Paul calls
himself a master-builder, as an apostle
of Christ, 1 Cor. 3:10, and God the
builder of the heavenly Jerusalem, Heb.
- BUILDING, a fabric, an edifice, 1 Chron.
28:2; Ezra 5:4: a community, as
the whole church of God, 1 Cor. 3:9;
- BUILDING, erecting as in the progress
of being built, 1 Kings 6:7; 7:1.
- BUILT, erected, as a city, Exod. 1:11:
a house, Deut. 8:12, or an altar, Exod.
- BULL, the male of black cattle, or of
the beeve kind, Job 21:10; Gen. 32:
15: the figure of an ox, Jer. 52:20: a
furious enemy, Psal. 22:12. Our en-
graving represents the common bull of
- BULL, THE WILD: this animal is be-
lieved to have been the buffalo, a fierce
animal of the ox kind, found in the
Syrian and Arabian deserts, and in
Egypt, Isa. 51:20.
- BULLOCK, a young bull, Exod. 29:
- BULRUSH, a kind of reed growing
very large on the marshy banks of the
river Nile, Exod. 2:3; it grows upwards
of twelve feet high, and is used for
many valuable purposes, Isa. 18:2,
especially for paper, and the inner part
of it sometimes for food, Ezek. 3:1-3.
- BULWARKS, fortifications of cities,
Deut. 20:20; Eccles. 9:14. God's word,
perfections and providence, are the bul-
warks of the church and of every be-
liever, Psal. 48:13; Isa. 25:1.
- BUNCH, a small cluster, 2 Sam. 16:1:
a handful, Exod. 12:22: the hairy lump
on the back of a camel, Isa. 30:6.
- BUNDLE, things bound together, as
pieces of money, Gen. 42:39: tares,
Matt. 13:30, or sticks, Acts 28:3.
The bundle of life denotes the assembly
of the blessed in heaven, 1 Sam. 25:29.
- BURDEN, a load for a beast or man,
Exod. 23:5; Jer. 16:21: a ship's cargo,
Acts 21:3: servitude, Exod. 5:45:
labour, Matt. 20:12: the cares of life,
Psal. 55:22: guilt, Psal. 38:4:
magisterial duty, Exod. 18:22: human
traditions, Matt. 23:4: a threatening
prophecy, Isa. 13:1; 15:1.
- BURDEN, to undertake the care of
others, Zech. 12:3.
- BURDENSOME, weighty with care, Zech.
12:3: troublesome, 2 Cor. 11:9: re-
quiring support, 1 Thess. 2:6.
- BURIAL, the act of interment, Acts
8:2. Human bodies were sometimes
unburied, which was regarded as a cala-
mity, Eccles. 6:3; Jer. 22:19; and
burial was usually performed, except in
cases of embalming in the eastern coun-
tries, on the day of death. See EMBALM.
- BURIED, interred, Gen. 25:10; Acts
5:9, 10. Believers in Christ being said
to be "buried with him by baptism
into death[,]" denotes their profession
of holiness by death unto sin, which
was signified by the rite of baptism,
Rom. 6:4; Col. 2:12.
- BURIERS, men employed by the public
to bury the dead, Ezek. 39:15.
- Burmese Bible. See Ministry.
- BURN, to consume with fire, Exod.
12:10: to move with anger, Lam. 2:3:
to be inflamed with lust, Rom. 1:27; 1
Cor. 7:9: to be excited with admira-
tion and love, Luke 24:32: to be full
of zeal for God, 2 Cor. 10:29.
- BURNED, did burn, consumed, Josh.
7:25; Acts 19:19: were inflamed as
with evil desire, Rom. 1:27.
- BURNING, a fire, Amos 4:11: a cala-
mity by lightning, Lev. 10:2, 6: funeral
honours by the burning of spices, 2
Chron. 16:14; Jer. 34:5: an inflamed
sore, Lev. 13:28; Isa. 3:24.
- BURNING, flaming, Lev. 6:9: con-
suming, Dan. 3:6: inflaming, Lev.
26:16: zealous, John 5:35.
- BURNISHED, brightened or polished
as metal, Ezek. 1:7.
- BURNT, consumed by fire, Lev. 2:12,
8:17: hurt or pained with fire, Isa.
- BURNT-OFFERING, a sacrifice made by
fire, Gen. 8:20; 22:7: the whole
burnt offering consisted of the entire
animal, Psal. 51:19. By the law of Moses
many of the sacrifices were burnt only
in part, as the fat of the kidneys, and
rump or large tail of the sheep; the right
shoulder was the portion of the priest,
but the rest was to be eaten by the
offerer, the poor, and the Levites, Lev.
3:9-16; 7:30-34; Deut. 17:1-3. See
OFFERING and SACRIFICE.
- BURST, to break, as bonds, Jer. 2:20;
5:5: to rupture, as bottles, Mark 2:22,
or the body, Acts 1:18: to overflow,
- BURY, to inter a dead body, Gen. 25:
4-6; Matt. 27:7.
- BUSH, a thick shrub, Exod. 3:2-4;
Acts 7:35; Luke 6:44.
- BUSHEL, a measure of eight gallons,
Matt. 5:15. Our Saviour's expression of
a light not being put under a bushel,
teaches us the necessity of every one
using the abilities which God has given
to him, for the public welfare or advan-
tage, Matt. 15:14-16.
- BUSHY, thick, as an abundance of
hair, Song 5:11.
- BUSINESS, ordinary duties in life, Gen.
39:11; 1 Thess. 4:11: particular
employment, Neh. 13:30: a special
commission, 1 Sam. 21:2-8.
- BUSY, actively occupied, 1 Kings 20:40.
- BUT, only, no more than, 1 Sam. 20:
3; 2 Kings 7:4; 1 Cor. 12:4-6; 2 Cor. 4:
17; Gal. 1:12.
- BUTLER, a servant employed in fur-
nishing the table, Gen. 40:1-21; espe-
cially to supply wine to the king, as a
cup-bearer, Neh. 1:11.
- BUTTER, an unctuous delicious sub-
stance made from cream, Gen. 18:8;
Isa. 7:15. Butter among the ancients
was merely thick cream, Judg. 4:19;
but it was shaken or churned in a goat
skin to remove part of the water, Prov.
- BUTTOCKS, the thighs, 2 Sam. 10:4;
- BUY, to purchase by paying a price,
Gen. 42:2; 2 Kings 12:12. To buy the
truth, is to embrace divine doctrine
whatever trouble or sacrifice may be
required, Prov. 23:23: to buy from
Christ, is to seek the rich gifts of his
grace, and the blessings of his salvation
with humble zeal, whatever may arise in
opposition, Isa. 55:1; Rev. 3:18.
- BUYER, a purchaser, a dealer, Prov.
20:14; Isa. 24:2.
- BUZ, [h] (despised), a son of Nahor,
Abraham's brother, Gen. 11:27-29; 22:
- BY, near, Mark 10:46.
- BY-AND-BY, in short time, Matt. 13:
21; Mark 6:25.
- BY-WAYS, roads not commonly used,
- BY-WORD, a speech used in derison,
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