தமிழ் / Tamil Bible History: updated 10/2/2016

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**List: Tamil Ministry

Bible / Bible
Tamil...
"Tamil is spoken by most of the 33.5 million inhabitants of
Madras state (Tamilnadu), India, and by 20 per cent of the 10.5
million Ceylonese.   A seat of Hindu culture for more than two
millennia, Madras is rich in South Indian art and architecture,
and Tamil possesses a distinguished heritage of classical literature.
The Tamils speak a Dravidian language (the very term ‘Dravid-
ian’ is derived from the Sanskrit word for Tamil).   It is related to
Telugu, Malayalam, Kannada, Tulu, Toda, Gondi, Khondi
(Kui), and Brahui.   The derivation of Tamil script is still disputed,
but it is thought to be either a direct development of a southern
form of Brahui writing, which employs features borrowed from
Grantha script, or an adaptation of Grantha. (See Sanskrit)."
--1000 Tongues   [Info only]

"Tamil Character
1714 Gospels   Acts   1715 New Testament   Tranquebar
Translated by Bartholomäus Ziegenbalg, Danish Lut.an my."
-- 1000 Tongues   [Info only]

"1722 New Testament Tranquebar
A revision prepared by Benjamin Schultze, a colleague of Ziegenbalg.
A year later a Passion narrative, prepared by Schultze, was published.
"
--1000 Tongues   [Info only]

1723 Genesis-Judges   1724 Psalms   1726 Ruth-Song of
Solomon   1727 Isaiah-Malachi   Tranquebar
Translated by Ziegenbalg and Schultze."
--1000 Tongues   [Info only]

"1739 Matthew   Tranquebar
A revision of the Ziegenbalg version by Lut.an mies."
--1000 Tongues   [Info only]

"1741 Matthew   1742 Mark   Luke   John
1759 New Testament   Colombo
A revision, begun in Ceylon by...."
--1000 Tongues   [Info only]

"1772 New Testament Society for the Promotion of Christian
Knowledge, Madras
1777-1796 Old Testament (in 4 parts)   Tranquebar
Translated, with heavy reliance on the Schultze version, by J. P.
Fabricius, SPCK.
"--1000 Tongues   [Info only: JPF was a Lutheran.]

1790 Pentateuch Colombo
A revision of the Tranquebar version, prepared in Ceylon by P. de
Melho.
"
--1000 Tongues   [Info only]

"1818 Psalms Serampore MP
The Book of Com. Prayer, including numerous liturgical selections,
prepared by Christian David.
"
--1000 Tongues   [Info only]

"1827 Gospels   Acts   1833 New Testament
Madras Auxiliary BS
Revised by C. T. E. Rhenius, Church MS.
"--1000 Tongues   [Info only]

"1850 Bible (tentative)   Madras Auxiliary BS
A revision, begun by P. Percival, Wesleyan MS, who was later
joined by M. Winslow, L. Spaulding, and T. Brotherton.
"
--1000 Tongues   [Info only]

"1864 New Testament   1871 Bible   Madras Auxiliary BS
A new revision, known as the ‘Union Version’, based primarily on the
Fabricius text and prepared by H. Bower, Society for the Propagation
of the Gospel.
"
--1000 Tongues   [Info only]

"1922 New Testament YMCA Press
Translated by N. Gnanapprakasam, SPG."
--1000 Tongues   [Info only]

"Arabic Character
1919 John Madras Auxiliary BS
Translated by H. Bjerrum."
--1000 Tongues   [Info only]

"1932 John BFBS, Madras
A transliteration of the Union version."
--1000 Tongues   [Info only: Arabic Character 1932 John 2:1-4 unknown.]

"Roman Character
1912 Mark Madras Auxiliary BS
Translated by J. Lazarus."
--1000 Tongues   [Info only]

"1937 Mark Diocesan Press, Madras
1956 New Testament   Psalms   Trinitarian BS, London
A transliteration of the Bower (Union) text, prepared by Mrs. E. W.
Wilder.   As early as 1945 a Gospel narrative by Mrs. Wilder was
published in Madras.
"
--1000 Tongues   [Info only: Roman Character 1956 Mark 1:2 probably o.k.]

[Info only: Tamil Character 1965 Mark 1:2 probably o.k.]

"The New Testament of our lord and saviour Jesus Christ / in the Tamil language. (Jaffna : Printed at the American Mission Press, for the Jaffna Auxiliary Bible Society, 1843)"
http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/009735773   [Info only]

"The Holy Bible in Tamil : the Old Testament / translated from the original by J.P. Fabricius ; the New Testament by C.T.E. Rhenius and revised by the Committe of the Madras Auxiliary Bible Society... (Madras, India : Printed at the American Mission Press for the Madras Auxiliary Bible Society and American Bible Society, 1844)"
http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/009729076   [Info only]

"The New Testament of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, in Tamil: with references, contents of the chapters and chronology, from the English. (Madras: American Bible Society, 1859)"
http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/008694090   [Info only]

"The Old Testament in Tamil. (Madras: Madras Auxiliary Bible Society, 1860)"
http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/008694093   [Info only]

"The Tamil Testament and Psalms. (Madras: American Arcot Mission, 1860)"
http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/008694091   [Info only]

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