Hindustani Bible History: updated 9/24/2016

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**List: Hindi Ministry

Bible / Bible
**File: Hindi Bible History

"So much confusion is involved in the many meanings of
‘Hindustani’ that a brief summary of the relevant linguistic
developments is required.   Until the mid-20th century ‘Hin-
dustani’ referred to the common literary language of Hindustan,
the Ganges plain between the Himalayas and the Deccan.   Most
Hindus tended toward a Sanskritized usage (Hindi), which they
wrote in Devanagari character, while most Musl_ms leaned

strongly to Persian borrowings (Urdu and Dakhini), and wrote
in Persian character.   Hindustani developed and spread during
the 16th and 17th centuries as the lingua franca of the Mogul
Empire.   For religious and political reasons, this common idiom
assumed a different character in different areas, yet was readily
understood by the educated from the Punjab to Bihar.   Thus,
until 1947, both Hindi and Urdu were generally regarded as
alternative forms of Hindustani.   Thereafter, however, the
distinction between the two languages assumed a nationalistic
import, and the common basis of Hindi and Urdu became a
matter of little concern.

‘Hindustani’ is also used in two other meanings: Musl_ms in
India have generally referred to their language as Hindustani;
and the ‘Khari Boli’ (meaning ‘pure language’, i.e., the vernacular
of the western part of Uttar Pradesh, on which both Hindi and
Urdu were based) is known as ‘Hindustani’.   Scriptures in the
latter idiom are here listed as Hindustani.   Although written in
Devanagari script, the usage represents a hybrid between Hindi
and the Persianized literary form."
--1000 Tongues   [Info only]

"Devanagari Character
1914 Luke   1918 Matthew   Luke (revised)
1919 John   1921 Mark   North India Auxiliary BS, All_habad
Translated by W. F. Johnson, American Presbyterian Mission."
-- 1000 Tongues   [Info only]

"1958-1959 Gospels   1960 New Testament
BS of India and Ceylon, Bangalore
Translated by R. Caldwell Smith, American Presbyterian."
--1000 Tongues   [Info only: 1960 Mark 1:2 incorrect.]

*printed Book: Hindi Bible (1962)   Bible Society of India and Ceylon, Bangalore     [1000 Tongues reports this as Hindustani w/ Devanagari character.   Mark 1:2 incorrect; Has Acts 8:37 & 1 John 5:7.]

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