Deutsch / German-- Other Bible History: updated 4/27/2016

Useful Resources
No endorsement of M. Luther's soteriology.

**List: German Ministry

Bibel / Bible
**File: German Bible History

German: Bern...
"The Bern dialect of German is spoken in and around Bern, the
capital of Switzerland.   Although German is only one of four
official languages of Switzerland (with French, Italian, and
Romansch), it is the mother tongue of more than 70 per cent of
all Swiss.   Known as Schwitzerdütsch, it is a High German
dialect, although it differs considerably in pronunciation from
standard High German."
--1000 Tongues   [Info only: 1944 Mark 1:2 incorrect.]

German: Erzgebirgisch...
"The German dialect is spoken in the Erzgebirge, a mountain
range along the border of Czechoslovakia and East Germany
Czech is the language of the southern Erzgebirge."
--1000 Tongues   [Info only: 1930 Luke 3:1-4 unknown.]

German: Low...
"Low German is spoken in northern Germany, separated from
the southern, or High, German usage by an erratic linguistic
border, which crosses Germany from Aachen to Wittenberg.
Known as Plattdeutsch, it is descended from the dialects spoken
by the Old Saxon tribes of that region.   Although the standard
High German literary usage is employed in formal education,
Low German usage is widespread in conversation.

The early Low German Scriptures are included in this entry, in-
asmuch as modern Low German is linguistically descended from
the language of these historic Bibles."
--1000 Tongues   [Info only]

"1475? Psalms Brandis, Lübeck
The first Scripture portion in Low German.   Translator unknown."
--1000 Tongues   [Info only]

"1478? Bible Quentell, Cologne
The ‘Cologne Low German Bible’, based on the text of the first
German Bible and that of the Delft Dutch O.T.   Low German thus
became the third living language in which a complete Bible was pub-
lished.   Three other Bibles were printed, based primarily on this first
Quentell edition; another printing by Quentell, c. 1480; 1491, S.
Arndes, Lübeck; and 1522, L. Trutebul?, Halberstadt.
--1000 Tongues   [Info only: 1478 Mark 1:2 appears incorrect.]

"1533-1534 Bible L. Dietz, Lübeck
The Luther Bible prepared by Johann Bugenhagen, a follower of
Martin Luther.   At least a score of similar editions of Luther's Bible
appeared later.   After 1545 they were usually based on the ‘Standard
--1000 Tongues   [Info only]

"Dat Nie Testament vun unsen Herrn un Heiland Jesus Christus, na de plattdütsche Oewersettung vun Johann Bugenhagen. (Kropp, Bokhandlung "Eben-Ezer,", 1885)"   [Info only]

German: Low, East Friesland...
"This Low German dialect is spoken by about 5,000 people in
rural areas of the Oldenburg district of Lower Saxony, West
--1000 Tongues   [Info only]

"1915 New Testament A. Dunkmann, Aurich?
Translated by O. Boekhoff.   Reprinted in 1924, Dunkmann, Aurich.
portion of an early Ms. of the Psalms in Old East Frisian was pub-
lished in
Zeitschrift für Deutsches Alterthum und Deutsche
Literatur, 1888."
--1000 Tongues   [Info only: 1924 Mark 1:2 incorrect.]

German: Pennsylvania...
"The Pennsylvania German dialect, often termed ‘Pennsylvania
Dutch’, is spoken by several hundred thousand people (estimates
run to more than a million), primarily in Berks, Lancaster,
Lebanon, Lehigh, Northampton, and York counties of Pennsyl-
vania.   Although Germantown was founded as early as 1683, the
great influx of Germans began in the early 18th century, when
the immigrants from the Rhenish Palatinate began to arrive.
Most of the German families were seeking religious freedom, and
tended to settle in rural areas and maintain their European cul-
ture.   Their language blended several German dialects, primarily
the Rhenish Low German, and adopted certain syntactical ele-
ments of High German and English."
--1000 Tongues   [Info only: 1955 Matthew 3:1-4 unknown.]

German: Transylvania...
"The German speakers of Transylvania, the historic region which
now comprises central Rumania, number almost 200,000, and
are known as Saxons.   Primarily the descendants of German
colonists who settled in this area during the 12th and 13th cen-
turies, they also include the descendants of those who came in
during the 18th century period of Austrian domination.   (See
No. 23 for note on Bonaparte editions."
--1000 Tongues   [Info only: 1859 Song 3:5-8 unknown.]

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