Syriac: Ancient Critical Text History

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Syriac Ministry   Bibliology

"However, Scriptures had existed in Syriac as early as the 2nd
century A.D.
  They are known as the Old Syriac version.   Two
incomplete manuscripts of the Gospels exist (the Curetonian and
Sinaitic Syriac Manuscripts, 4th-5th century).   Within the Old
Syriac Period, as well, belongs the Syrian Gospel Harmony of
, known as the Diatessaron.   Later other translations ap-
peared, notably the Peshitta (meaning ‘simple version’).   By the
late 4th century the Old Syriac traditional usage differed con-
siderably from the vernacular Syriac.   Accordingly, a standard
version of the New Testament was prepared, just as Jerome had
earlier translated a Vulgate, i.e., ‘vulgar’ text.   This Peshitta New
Testament, with an earlier translation of the Old Testament, was
adopted by the Syriac Church.   During the 6th century the
Jacobite branch of the Syriac communion attempted to displace
the Peshitta.   In 508 Bishop Philoxenus commissioned Polycarp
to prepare a new version.   A century later Thomas Harklea, a
scholar of Mesopotamia, prepared a revision of the Philoxenian
text.   In fact, both of these versions are known to us in part.
this section we also include the Palestinian Aramaic translations
of the Melchite Christians."
--1000 Tongues, 1972   [Info only:
See link for the real truth about the Peshitta, assigned 150 A.D.]

The errors of Westcott, Hort and others who supported the
fraudulent manuscripts known as Old Syriac.

The late Dean Burgon in his work, "The Revision Revised, 1883," pp. 273-278, said in reference
to these conjectures: "Not a shadow of proof is forthcoming that any such recension as Dr. Hort

imagines, ever took place at all."   He has, "firstly, assumed a 'Syrian Recension;' secondly, invented
the cause of it; and thirdly, dreamed the process by which it was carried into execution."
--AENT, August 2008

Script is indicated as follows: (E) Estrangelo; (J) Jacobite;
(H) Hebrew; (N) Nestorian
"1778 Gospels (J)   1799-1803 Acts   Epistles (J)   Oxford
The Philoxenian and/or Harkleian recension, edited by Joseph White."
--1000 Tongues, 1972   [Info only:
Philoxen & Harkel from Greek per HSM, pp. 234-235.]

       "Syro-Hexaplar text: Jeremiah and Ezekiel from the Ambrosian (Milan)
    manuscript, C. G. Berling, Lund, Sweden, 1787."
    --1000 Tongues, 1939   [Info only]

"1820 Psalms (J)   Milan
The Syro-Hexaplar text, edited by C. Bugatus.   This version, pre-
pared by Paul of Tella
(617 A.D.), is a translation of the Septuagint
into Syriac.   Other portions of the Syro-Hexaplar had appeared earlier.
--1000 Tongues, 1972   [Info only:

"1835 2 Kings   Job   Proverbs-Isaiah   Lamentations
(J)   Berlin
The Syro-Hexaplar, edited by Heinrich Middeldorpf.   In 1858-1860
Judges and Ruth from the Syro-Hexaplar, edited by T. Skat Rördam,
were published in Copenhagen.
--1000 Tongues, 1972   [Info only

"1858 Gospels (E)   London
The Curetonian Old Syriac text of the Gospels, edited, with an
English translation by William Cureton, who discovered the Ms. in a
collection at the British Museum.
--1000 Tongues, 1972   [Info only:
Ms. assigned to the 5th century, from a convent, in Egypt.--HSM]

"1861-1874 Old Testament (J)   Milan
The Syro-Hexaplar Ambrosianus, edited by A. M. Ceriani.   A
photo-lithographic reproduction appeared in
Monumenta Sacra et
Profana ex codicibus praesertim Bibliothecae Ambrosiane in
--1000 Tongues, 1972   [Info only]

"1886 [p]salms (J)   Paris
1891 [b]ible (J)   Dominican Press, Mosul
The Peshitta text, prepared by Dominican monks for the use of the
Nestorian Christians of the Mosul area.
--1000 Tongues, 1972   [Info only:

"1894 Gospels (E)   Cambridge
The Sinai Old Syriac text, edited by Robert L. Bensly, J. Rendel
Harris, and F. Crawford.   The definitive edition with the variants of
the Curetonian text was published by Agnes Smith Lewis in 1910,
--1000 Tongues, 1972   [Info only]

"1904 Gospels (J)   Cambridge
A critical edition of the Old Syriac Gospels, edited by F. C. Burkitt."
--1000 Tongues, 1972   [Info only:
the so-called "Old Syriac." per p. 727, AENT.]

"Numerous publications of portions of the Scriptures in the
Palestinian Syriac usage have also been published.   Among the
most important are:

1861-1864 [g]ospels Verona
The Vatican [g]ospel lectionary, edited by Francesco Miniscalchi-
--1000 Tongues, 1972   [Info only:
       "Palestinian text: a [g]ospel lectionary from a manu-
    script in the Vatican Library, Verona, 1864; edited Count F.
    M.-E.   CP: ABS, BFBS.
    --1000 Tongues, 1939   [Info only]

"1899 Gospels (E)   Kegan Paul, et al., London
Three Gospel lectionaries, re-edited by Agnes Smith Lewis and
Margaret Dunlop Gibson.
--1000 Tongues, 1972   [Info only:
Mrs. ASL & Mrs. MDG were sisters.]