Mongolian: Literary Bible History: no date

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**List: Mongolian Ministry

Bible ( Bible )
**File: Mongolian--Other Bible History

Mongolian: Literary...
"Mongolian is spoken in several forms throughout the vast,
sparsely populated People’s Republic of Mongolia (with a
population exceeding 1.1 million), and by enclaves in the Soviet
Union and in Chinese Inner Mongolia, Sinkiang, Ninghsia, and
Tibet.   It is estimated that Mongolian in all its forms is spoken by
more than 3,250,000 people.

Although the Mongolian people came into historical promin-
ence only in the 13th century, when they were united by Genghis
Khan, it is conjectured that some of the Huns, who ravaged 4th
century Europe, and the Kitan (Khitan), who in the 10th century
established a dynasty in Manchuria, were Mongols.   By about
the year 1260 the sons of Genghis Khan ruled an empire that

spread from Korea to Hungary.   The Mongols were known as
Tatars (with the Turkish people who joined them) and Mogols
(in India).   During the 14th to 16th centuries the Mongol Empire
declined and disintegrated, and the Mongols lapsed into Central-
Asian obscurity.

The official language of Mongolia is Khalka Mongolian.   Literary
Mongolian is not a spoken tongue, but a written language which,
like literary Arabic, reflects an earlier form of the language.   This
‘higher and purer’ form came into use as the administrative
language of the Mongol Empire.   It was written in a modifica-
tion of the Uigur alphabet, which in turn was based on the
Syrian writing introduced into Eastern Asia in the 6th or 7th
century by Nestorian mies.   Distinct historical periods
can be noted in its development (Classical and Middle Mongol-
ian), and the modern literary language in use in the People’s
Republic is based on the Khalka usage, although it still differs
considerably from the vernacular.   Although originally written
horizontally, the 30 letters of the Mongolian alphabet are now
read vertically, left to right.

In 1306 a Franciscan monk, Giovanni de Monte Corvino, wrote
from the court of the Mongolian Emperor of China, Kublai
Khan, that he had translated the [n]ew [t]estament and [p]salms.
Although a letter of Pope Benedict XIII (1335) mentions the
finding of a Mongolian Bible in China, no trace of these early
versions has been found."
--1000 Tongues   [Info only]

Mongolian Character unless noted
"1819 Matthew   John   1820- 1821 Mark   Luke   Acts
Russian BS, St. Petersburg
Translated by I. J. Schmidt, a merchant who worked closely with
Moravian mies., and Badma and Nomtu, Buriat Mongols.   In
1827 the N.T. was printed in St. Petersburg, but was apparently
withheld from circulation.
--1000 Tongues   [Info only]

"1836 Pentateuch   1840 Old Testament   BFBS, Selenginsk
Translated by Edward Stallybrass, William Swan, and Robert
Yuille, London MS.   The O.T., issued in parts, was completed in
--1000 Tongues   [Info only]

"1846 New Testament (Manchu character)   BFBS, London
Translated by Edward Stallybrass and William Swan.   A slight re-
vision, prepared by Antoine Schiefner and Alexis Pozdneyeff
Mongolian character
), appeared in 1880, BFBS, St. Petersburg.   It was
often reprinted, both complete and in parts.
--1000 Tongues   [Info only: MANCHU CHARACTER   "1846" Mark 1:2 unknown.]

"The New Testament of Our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, tr. out of the original Greek into the Mongolian language, by Edward Stallybrass and William Swan, for the British and foreign Bible society. (London, Printed by W. Watts, 1846)"   [Info only]

"The New Testament of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ; tr. out of the original Greek into the Mongolian language, by Edward Stallybrass and William Swan for the British and foreign Bible society. (St. Petersburg, British and foreign Bible society, 1880)"   [Info only]

"1911 Gospels   Acts BFBS, Shanghai
A revision by F. A. Larsen, BFBS, and A. G. Almblad, Scandi-
navian Alliance Mission.
--1000 Tongues   [Info only: ?]

"1940 Matthew   Mark   ABS, BFBS, Shanghai
1948 Matthew-Luke   China Bible House, Shanghai
1952 New Testament Hong Kong Bible House
A revision begun by Joel Eriksson and Gerda Ollen, Swedish Mongol
Mission, with the assistance of Daste Djub, and completed by S. J.
Gunzel, The Evangelical Alliance Mission, Erren Chin Dortchi,
Mattai, and other Mongolians.
--1000 Tongues   [Info only: MONGOLIAN CHARACTER   "1948" Mark 1:2 unknown.]

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