Quechua Bible History: updated 8/21/2016

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Quechua: Ancash...
"Quechua is the most widely spoken of all American Indian
tongues, with at least 6 million speakers.   In pre-Columbian
times Quechua served as the language of the administrative
class of the Inca Empire.   The Incas, who had dominated the
Cuzco valley in Peru by the early 15th century, allied them-
selves with the indigenous Quechua-speaking tribes, and set up
the ‘Golden Inca Dominion’, which at the time of the Spanish
Conquest extended from Quito to the Maule River in Chile.
Fabled for its wealth, artistry, and engineering, the empire was
governed by an Inca Class, subordinate to the absolute monarch
and a hereditary nobility.   Quechua spread in use throughout the
empire, becoming the first South American ‘Language of Cul-
ture’.   In fact, the number of Quechua speakers continued to

grow even after the Spanish Conquest, at the expense of other
Indian languages.   There are numerous regional dialects and sub-
dialects.   Quechua is known to its speakers as ‘Runa- simi’; the
name ‘Quechua’ came into use after Fri. Dom.'s Inca
grammar (1560) referred to the Inca language as ‘Quechua’.   At
that time, however, only a small tribal community referred to
themselves as ‘Quechua’ or ‘Kichua’.

The Quechua of the Ancash Department of Peru, a people of
about 300,000 along the coast, north of Lima, speak a distinct
Quechua dialect, which they call Chinchaysuyo."
--1000 Tongues   [Info only]

"Diglot with Spanish
1946 John UBS, Lima, New York
1950 Acts Printed privately, Lima
Translated by Mr. & Mrs. Wilfred H. Morris, Asse.ies of God,
assisted by Marcos Bernuy and Teodoro Cano.
--1000 Tongues   [Info only: 1946 John 2:1-4 unknown.]

Quechua: Ayacucho...
"The Ayacucho dialect of Quechua is spoken by almost a million
people in and around the southern Peruvian Department of
that name.   It is also known as Chanka and Andahuaylas."
--1000 Tongues   [Info only]

"Diglot with Spanish
1954 Luke   John   1958 New Testament   UBS, Lima
Translated by Florencio Segura, Homer Emerson, Epifanio Garay,
and Kenneth Case.
--1000 Tongues   [Info only: 1965 Mark 1:2 incorrect (Isaiaspa).]

Quechua: Bolivia...
"The Bolivian Quechua dialect is spoken by several hundred
thousand people in the highlands of Bolivia.   It is also under-

stood by many Aymara Indians.   The Bolivian Quechua also
refer to their language as ‘Runa-simi’ (meaning ‘people's
--1000 Tongues   [Info only]

"1907 John   1915 John (revised)   ABS, New York
A revision of the de Turner ‘Classical’ (Cuzco) Quechua version,
prepared by George Allan, Antonio Salazar, and Moisés Orruel.
--1000 Tongues   [Info only: Turner, a RC.]

"1917 Gospels (tentative, with Spanish)
1922 New Testament
(with Spanish)   1929 Psalms
(with Spanish)   ABS, BFBS
Translated by George Allan, Crisologo Barron, Joseph Hollis,
Emiliano Tapia, and Margarita Allan Hudspith.
--1000 Tongues   [Info only: 1926 Mark 1:2 incorrect (Isaiaspa).]

And more...

Quechua: Cuzco...
"Cuzco, or Classical, Quechua is spoken by about 60,000 people
in the Cuzco Department of Peru.   Although Rom. Cat.ic[s]
had worked
among these Peruvian Indians since the
early 17th century, no early translations of the Scriptures are
reported.   As early as 1823 the BFBS sponsored translations of
John and the Psalms, but neither was published."
--1000 Tongues   [Info only]

"1880 John BFBS, Buenos Aires
Translated by J. H. Gybbon-Spilsbury, South American MS."
--1000 Tongues   [Info only]

"1941 Luke (tentative, with Spanish)   ABS, BFBS, Lima
1946-1947 New Testament (with Spanish)   UBS, Lima
Translated by Len Herniman, Policarpo Daza, Emigdio Muñoz, and
Margarita A. Hudspith.   This N.T. attempted to provide a Quechua
Scripture that could be used throughout southern Peru and adjacent
--1000 Tongues   [Info only: 1946-1947 Mark 1:2 incorrect (Isaías).]

Quechua: Ecuador, Highland...
"Quechua of Ecuador is spoken by about 500,000 people in the
Highlands of Ecuador.   Sometimes known as Quechua del Alti-
, it is spoken in three mutually intelligible dialects: Sierra
de Otavalo, Sierre de Chimborazo, and Sierre de Cuenca."
--1000 Tongues   [Info only]

"Diglot with Spanish unless noted
1917 Luke (tentative, Quechua only)   ABS, [New York]
1938 Luke ABS, BFBS, New York
1947 John UBS, New York
1954 New Testament UBS, Quito
Translated by Mrs. W. A. Woodward, Gospel My. Union."
--1000 Tongues   [Info only: 1954 Mark 1:2 incorrect (Isaiaspi).]

Quechua: Ecuador, Oriente...
"Lowland, or Oriente, Ecuador Quechua is spoken by about
10,000 people in the jungles of the eastern Andean slopes of
northeastern Ecuador."
--1000 Tongues   [Info only]

"1946 Mark   Acts (tentative)   1950-1952 John (tentative)
Scripture Gift Mission, London
1950 1 John   1958 Ephesians   Philippians   1959 Galatians
Colossians   Philemon   1, 2 Peter   1960 Romans
1, 2 Thessalonians   1961-1962 Luke (2 vols.)
1962 Matthew   1963 Hebrews   1-3 John   Jude
1964 1, 2 Corinthians   Printed privately, Quito
Translated by W. G. Tidmarsh."
--1000 Tongues   [Info only: 1950 John 2:1-4 unknown.]

Quechua: Huanuco...
"The Huanuco dialect of Quechua is spoken in the upland areas of
the Huanuco Department of east-central Peru.   It differs little
from the Quechua usage of Ancash."
--1000 Tongues   [Info only]

"1917 Matthew Scripture Gift Mission, London
1923 Gospels [BFBS, ABS, London]
Translated by T. Webster Smith, Evangelical Union of South
America, assisted by Lazaro Chocano.
--1000 Tongues   [Info only: 1923 Mark 1:2 o.k.]

"1954 Luke (with Spanish)   UBS, Lima
A revision of the Smith version by Abraham de Ita, Peruvian Evan-
gelical Churches.
--1000 Tongues   [Info only]

Quechua: Junín...
"The Quechua dialect of Junín is spoken in the Andean highlands
of Junín Department of central Peru."
--1000 Tongues   [Info only]

"1954 Luke UBS, Lima
Translated by Can. Cam., a woman...of the Peruvian
Evangelical Churches, assisted by Jam. Lau, WBT.
--1000 Tongues   [Info only: 1954 Luke 3:1-4 unknown; UBS, PEC, WBT combined apostacy.]

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